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EDD7 12DEDD1 1 

California State Library 



Accession JVo. 






Established July 20, 1856 



(California Aittertiaw 

$4.00 PER YEAR 




Puncture- Proof or Money Back 
For 5000 Miles 










San Francisco Fresno Los Angeles Oakland Portland Seattle 


The New 
Poodle Dog 

Hotel and Restaurant 

At Corner 

Polk and Post 


San Francisco 


Franklin 2960 

San Francisco's Leading 

French Restaurant 


French Dinner Every 
Evening, 75 Cents 
Sunday, $1.00 


362 Geary Street 

Above Hotel St. Francis 

Telephone Sutter 1572 

T3 T f\ \T/ni^» ri OFarrell and Larkln 
DLAJNCO O Streets 


No visitor should leave the city without see- 
ing the finest cafe in America 

J. B. Pod J. Bergez C. Mailhebuau C. Lalanne L. t.oulard 




415-421 Bush St.. San Francisco (Above Kearny) Exchange. Douelas 2411 


623 Sacramento Street, between 
Kearny and Montgomery Streets. 
With full line of brushes. Brooms and Feather Dusters, on hand 
and made to order. Janitor supplies of all kinds. Ladders, Buck- 
ets, Chamois. Metal Polish and Cleaning Powders. Hardware. 
Wood and Willow Ware. 

Call, write or telephone Keary 5787 

No. 2756 
I. J. Marcel Vogel, residing at No. l''i Park street in the city and county 
of San Francisco. California, do hereby certify that I am transacting busi- 
nder the fictitious name of Vogel Color Studio; that I am the sole 
owner of the sai<i business, and the plaei where the said business is con- 
id is No. 1422 Franklin street in the city and county of San Fran- 
chise i. 
State oi California. City and Countj oi San FYancisco|ss. 

On this 17th day of June in the year one u sand nim hundred and 

sixteen, before me Rita Johnson, a Notary Public, in and for the City and 
County of San Francisco, personally appeared J. MARCEL VOGEL, known 
i», me to be the person whose name is Fubscribed to the within instrument, 

and In duly acknowledger] to thai he executed the same, 

In witness thereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official 
Seal, at my office in the Citj and County of San Francisco, the daj 
vear in this certificate firsi above written. fMy commission expires July 
16, 1919 i 


:■ i>: i ublic in and for the City and County of San Francisco, S ■ of 

.Tune 22. 1916. H. E. MULCREVY, Clerk. By L J. WEIX3H, Deputj Clerk. 
ALGERNON CROFTON, Attorney-at-Law, 617 to 62] New Call Build- 
ing, Sa n Ft an> isc •, 





Locaterl one mile from San Rafael in the healthiest part of beautiful Marin 
County. School fully accredited. Highest rank accorded by U. S. War Dept. 
High morals ami strict attention demanded. Special attention to Physical 
Culture and Athletics. Expert and experienced instructors. Separate room 
for each pupil. Juniors in separate building. 39th year begins in August. 
Write for catalog. 


REX A. SHERER, President 

Hitchcock Military Academy 






{Boarding and Day School for Girls, 

College Preparatory, 
Grammar and Primary Departments. 



Special Care Given to Younger Children. 












Boarding and Day Pupils. "Accredited" by all accredit- 
ing institutions, both m California and in Eastern States. 


The Beringer Conservatory of Music 

926 Pierce Street, near McAllister 


Directors: Joseph Beringer (Concert Pianist) 
Mme. Jos. Beringer (Concert Contralto) 

Thorough education in Pianoforte Playinf and Singing. 
Special departments for beginners, amateurs and 
professionals. Pupils prepared for the operatic and 
concert stage. Opportunities given to advanced piano 
and vocal students to join the well known Beringer 
Musical Club for public appearances. 

A. w. BEST 




Life Classes 
Day and Night 







Sight Reading, Ear Training, Theory, 
Musical Form, Appreciation 


Mme. C. La FON 

First Class Work at Reasonable Prices 

Laces and Lace Curtains a Specialty 

Club, Restaurant and Hotel Service 

991 OAK STREET ni _ „ MO 

:-:?>vr:FKA.5jcj6Gt>. Phone Park 4962 


•«UUUhW JuJy M. IM* 


Devoted to the Leading Interests of California and the Pacific Coast. 

Vol. xctL^ 

San Francisco, Cal., Saturday, July 1, 1916 


TISER is printed and published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred- 
erick Marriott, 21 Sutter street, San Francisco, Cal. Tel. Kearny 3594. 
Entered at San Francisco. Cal.. Post-office as second-class mail matter. 

London Office— George Street & Co.. 30 Cornhill. E. C, England. 

Matter intended for publication in the current number of the SAN 
be sent to the office not later than 5 p. m. Wednesday. 

Subscription Rates (including postage) — 1 year, $4.00; 6 months. $2.25 
Foreign — 1 year. $6.00; 6 months. $3.25. 

The Russian is a bear all right. 

—Men of the Captain Morey type constitute a pretty good 

sort of preparedness. 

The United States will now get back some of the am- 
munition that it sold to Mexico. 

Another spring has vanished without the armies of Eu- 
rope spring that promised spring drive. 

The optimists continue to predict peace in Europe, while 

the munition makers increase their factory capacities. 

Hughes and Fairbanks had a conference the other day. 

And the wind blew through their whiskers! And it was chilly! 

Governor Johnson says he is out of politics for the pres- 
ent. But, unfortunately, he is of the sort that cannot stay out. 

Panama got away with its election with only eighteen 

wounded and three killed. Gain in civilization means loss in 

The vacationist is forgetting what he learned last year — 

that the summer resort never looks quite as charming as does 
the picture that advertises it. 

Oregon was the first State to muster its militia into the 

Federal service. But then, Oregon's Governor was in Oregon, 
instead of in the East doing politics. 

Carranza, in saying that mediation is agreeable to him 

"in principle," is talking out of his latitude, for he does not 
know the meaning of the word principle. 

By the bridge that it is proposed to build across the bay, 

one can get to Oakland in seven minutes. Better still, one can 
also get away from Oakland in seven minutes. 

The elephant, by waving his trunk alluringly, has 

dragged the moose into the fold. The elephant is up against a 
hard game, and needs all the recruits he can rally. 

Now that there is a chance for their activities on this 

side, some of the American aviators flying in France would do 
well to fly home and get busy "somewhere in Mexico." 

The jitneys continue to clutter up Market street to the 

danger of pedestrians and the injury of business because oui 
city officials have neither the intelligence nor the courage nec- 
essary for the solution of the problem. 

The case of Dr. Crawford, the young impostor who mar- 
ried a society belle after leaving a trail of wives behind him all 
along the coast, demonstrated that a clean collar will carry one 
farther than a clean record. 

The rank and file of Mexicans, who fully believe that 

the United States has already been ingloriously whipped, have 
an unpleasant and disillusioning surprise coming to them. 

■ Mexican in San Jose stood in front of the armory, 

shouted "Viva Mexico!" and within fifteen minutes had begun 
serving a fifteen day sentence in the county jail. He'll do his 
viva-ing in sign language when he gets out. 

Man applied at one of the hospitals the other evening 

to have a broken head treated, saying he had been "crowned" 
with a coffee pot at a party. He added that the attack was 
made by a friend. How iucky that he wasn't among foes! 

A lot of war-loving people who think they are patriots 

are yelpiv.g with misguided frenzy over this Mexican business. 
There is nothing to grow ebullient over. When a mastiff has to 
whip a poodle his feeling is one of regret rather than enthu- 

The departure of National Guard detachments from vari- 
ous towns on the way to Sacramento enables the country corre- 
spondent to revive his favorite phrase, "cheers and tears," 
which, tradition proclaims, must always mingle when the boys 
go marching away. 

Our county jail must be an agreeable sojourning place. 

Despite the fact that a prisoner who becomes bored has only to 
climb the board fence and stroll away to a new boarding place, 
only half a dozen or so have taken advantage of the opportu- 
nity during the past fortnight. 

The pacificists are making the error that all other re- 
formers make. Their ethical arguments against war may be all 
right — but they count not at all against the human instinct to 
fight, which dominates the multitude. When man ceases to 
hanker for battling and bloodshed, war will cease. 

The Progressives in Massachusetts and Illinois, not hav- 
ing discovered yet that they are dead, insist in fussing around, 
kicking off the shroud, putting up tickets, making a noise, and 
behaving in general as no late lamented should behave. Noth- 
ing short of the November obsequies will make them stay put. 

Robber who held up a Market street cigar store declares 

that he was driven to crime through losing his money in gam- 
bling places. The police, on the other hand, say that there are 
no gambling places. As there is no choice between the word 
of a hold-up man and that of a policeman, the public is still at 
sea as to whether gambling is really protected in this wicked 
city of ours. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, who has been laboring to estab- 
lish peace between the United States and Mexico, says that if 
he and his associates can delay hostilities three hours and 
thereby save one human life, their efforts, no matte: 
strenuous, will not have been in vain. Just v. t asso 
there is between three hours' delay and the sa ving of < 
is not apparent to the ordinary citizen. These uncr, 
humorists are the funniest. 


'0/U TO 

u S.4f?/ty< 

Darliug in the 

Germany Preparing for "Dye 
Stuff" War. 

Standard Oil, the Du Ponts and 
other big American plants that 
are preparing to manufacture 
dyes to serve this and other na- 
tions will meet with a new and 
keener competition on the part of 
Germany, the nation that has 
hitherto monopolized the trade 
of the world in that industry. Re- 
cent consular reports are to the 
effect that in order to retain as 
much of the former business as 
possible in dye stuffs, the seven 
largest producing plants in Ger- 
many have formed a compact or- 
ganization to meet the new con- 
tingencies in trade occasioned by 
the war. They recognize not 
only that they will have to face 
keener competition in England, 
France and this country, but that 
several nations will raise the 
tariff against them. According 
to their new plan, competition 
among them will not be entirely 
eliminated, but will run in elas- 
tic lines according to the curve 
trade contest with the other na- 
tions. In lining up, they have 
pooled their interests and have 

elected to share their common knowledge in the essentials of 
manufacture, a solid unity in the exporting campaign, a definite 
agreed basis of profit, and an interlocking of all forces to batter 
down the opposition and competition that has arisen during the 
present war. The prime object is to preserve Germany as the 
leading monopoly in the dye industry at all costs. This coun- 
try continues to broaden its trade in dye stuffs, but this situation 
is induced by the fact that through the English blockade of the 
German coast no dyes are exported from the latter country. 
Keen competition will come, of course, with the close of the 
war. Our Congressmen, as usual, are generally undetermined 
whether to raise the tariff on dyes — or drift. Naturally, some de- 
cision must be taken. If anything, there seems to be a crystal- 
lizing of the opinion that the Democrats will meet the situation 
with a tariff sufficient to put the new dye industry on its feet. 
A significant fact along this line is that the great textile inter- 
ests of the country, which has hitherto stoutly opposed a tariff 
against German dyes, are now favoring the home producers. As 
politics usually carries such points in this country, the chances 
are in favor that the suggested tariff will be put through. 


Both the candidates in the forth- 
Hyphenated Citizens. coming contest for the Presidency 

express strongly their condemna- 
tion of the hyphenated foreigner whose allegiance to this coun- 
try is biased by the war. Americans are justly glad that this 
situation has arisen, and the time is come when foreigners in- 
vited to America to become citizens must declare themselves 
not only in the courts but in their social and industrial life as 
well. Most emphatically must they live up to their contract and 
not play the double face game which is exposed when war in- 
tervenes, as in the present case. 

On this line the Democratic platform speaks direct and force- 
fully in one of the strongest planks in the platform : "There is 
gathered here in America the best of the blood, the industry and 
the genius of the whole world, the elements of a great race and 
a magnificent society to be melted into a mighty and splendid 
nation. Whoever, actuated by the purpose to promote the in- 
terest of a foreign power, in disregard of our country's wel- 
fare or to injure the government in its foreign relations, or crip- 
ple or destroy its industries at home, and whoever by arousing 
prejudices of a racial, religious or other nature, creates discord 
ana strife among our people, so as to obstruct the wholesome 
process of unification, is faithless to the trust which the privi- 

Dcs Moines Register and Leader 

leges of citizenship repose in 
■~v^ him and disloyal to his country." 

K *" 

Artful Endeavors to Start 
War in Mexico. 

This week marked the mobili- 
zation at Sacramento of the State 
militia and the start to the Mexi- 
can border for patrol duty. 
Scenes of loyal partings of fam- 
ilies and friends, official ceremo- 
nies, and the inspection of the 
troops by Governor Johnson, 
marked the occasion. The pen- 
dulum of human emotions swung 
from the idea that the movement 
was a picnic to the solemn con- 
templation that eventually it 
meant war with all its sacrifices. 
Conspicuous in the mobiliza- 
tion was the Machine Gun Com- 
pany of the Fifth Regiment, with 
its forbidding guns, speaking 
more emphatically and signifi- 
cantly than all the other para- 
phernalia of the solemn mission 
of the regiment "because of the 
grave need for additional troops" 
— according to the day's des- 
patches of Secretary Baker. 
Along the Mexican border, 
, ., , judging from the "scare head" 

news and wild statements of the daily press, things seem to be 
in an extraordinarily chaotic condition. Local scenes of war 
are reported by the dailies desiring war, and denied by those 
noping that peace will continue. Peace still prevails between 
his country and Mexico, despite the wretched and pernicious 
lying news in most of the daily papers. The mobilization of the 
militia along the Mexican border does not mean that war exists 
or will follow. General Funston, in command of the situation 
has asked for more troops. The regular army is not up to its 
full quota, and in order to meet the complement required the 
militia of several States have been ordered out for patrol duty 
along the border, so as to relieve the regulars there and allow 
them to join the other regulars on the line leading south to 
where Villa and his followers are supposed to be hiding. There 
have been several tart diplomatic interchanges between this 
country and Mexico over the stretching out of this line Only 
those viciously determined to attack Mexico could construe 
any desire for war on the facts as they exist. In Mexico there 
are still many irresponsible natives of the Villa stamp who 
would not hesitate to take pot shots at Americans. Their law- 
less acts is not a cause for war with the de facto government. 
Carranza is making every effort to suppress such actions. The 
South American governments thoroughly understand this situa- 
tion, and have made offers to mediate should the hot-heads force 
the issue by some purposeful attack. For some time past it 
has been known that a certain combination of capitalists are 
determined to wrest the northern States of Mexico from that 
country, and they are credited with pushing everv opportunity 
under present conditions to attain their object. 


The boisterous protest against the city "survey" which is 

now underway by experts brought from the East finds its com- 
mendation in the protesting roar of the city officials and their 
supporters who vehemently resent any inquiry into their meths- 
ods. Every obstruction at hand will be used to delay and dis- 
tract them from obtaining the true facts. Indeed, it is strongly 
suspected that the records have already been tampered with in 
efforts to conceal the truth. The success of these experts in the 
East does not appeal to certain office holders here. They are 
in favor of the old system of collecting a sum in taxes annually 
that will not dislocate completely the rate payer's bankroll, and 
divide that amount so that it will pay half the city's bills and 
all their own expenses for re-election. 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


A battery in practice action on a designated enemy's position. 

The most successful attack of the day m the practice maneuvers — satisfying hunger. 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 


A nick of some importance is reported to have been 

made in the plans of the proposed business men's military en- 
campment at Monterey this month. It touches the financial end 
of the plan. Until last week it was generally understood by 
those promoting the movement that the Government would de- 
fray the necessary expenses of these National training camps 
scattered throughout the States of the Union. In fact, a special 
bill providing $500,000 for the purpose was started through 
Congress, but up to this writing it has not reached the Presi- 
dent's signature. The chances are that the fund will not be 
forthcoming by the date set for the Monterey encampment. This 
will be a dist'nct disappointment, as the Olympic Club and 
other influential local organizations that have been straining 
every effort to make the gathering a notable success, a showing 
that could stack ud large in comparison with the Eastern en- 
campments. Another handicap is the discovery that every re- 
cruit that leaves his position to join the month's encampment 
must deposit $30, buy his own uniform and transportation. In 
this light of the situation the prospects of a showing are far 
from sunny. Could any greater commentary be made on the 
ineptitude of Congress in an emergency? Heaven save this 
country should it rely on Congress to meet the problems of a 
great war. This situation illustrates the national folly in poli- 
tics of voting good "mixers" and "handy men" into Congress 
instead of level-headed citizens. 

Practical politics was again illustrated this week by a 

number of committeemen belonging to the remnants of the 
Progressive movement turning over the doughty voters of that 
party to the Republican standard. That is why they publicly 
attempted the bluff of doing so. Being red-blooded Americans, 
these Progressive voters will stick their thumbs and eight fin- 
gers metaphorically to their nose and remark, "Rats!" Men 
of independent character of mind do not admit of being hog- 
tied, packed and delivered like so much freight, dead weight. 
Roosevelt was obliged to deliver goods of this character in or- 
der to get back into the Republican party. The determined 
and bitter protest on the part of a large number of the Progres- 
sives present to prevent this political bargain with the old re- 
actionary Republican machine indicates what the open-minded 
committee men thought of the underhand proceeding. The re- 
sult will be, of course, a distribution of the late Progressive 
party between the Democrats and Republicans. Through this 
second attempt to sell the remnants of his party, bag and 
breeches. Roosevelt has driven another nail in his coffin politi- 

Blue laws, sumptuary and their like, are evidently 

plaguing residents of the East, for the Legislature of Virginia 
has just enacted a new Sunday law which prohibits work of all 
kinds on that day, except household occupations of the most 
necessary character. All forms of play are deemed shocking 
and unlawful; drug stores may sell only medicines, patented and 
otherwise; garages must be stoutly locked and joy riders are 
regarded as the mcst reckless of criminals. As for the sale 
of Sunday papers, they are tabu and lead only to the gaol, 
which is Puritan nomenclature for perdition, a punishment that 
hardly meats the crime. All officers who fail to execute the 
old laws that were written in the statute books of the last cen- 
tury, and the bewhiskered legislators were busy as bird dogs 
in tangling up blue laws in those days, are promptly fired from 
office. Fall on your knees, kind reader, and thank the tailor 
that padded the knees in your pantaloons that you are living 
up to expectations in California. 

Willis H. Booth, a sizable Republican of reputation in 

the Los Angeles citrus belt, is being vigorously touted for 
United States Senator from this State. George Patton is the 
popular Democratic candidate. Where, oh, where is the toga 
display of our erstwhile Governor who, for a short period, al- 
most imagined he had that elusive garment within his grasp. 
How have the moving pictures of visionary political ambitions 
shifted in the history-making events of the past fortnight, and 
several men who roared mightily in the hustings and conven- 
tions are now as quiescent as clams — dead clams. 


It should be interesting to the public, particularly its young 
men, to be given an outline of the principles by which one of 
the biggest businesses of the State has solved the problem of 
labor, and established perfect harmony and happy co-operation 
in all of its departments among all of its employees. Reference 
is made to the California corporation of the Standard Oil Com- 
pany. At the head of each of its departments it has the best 
men to be found, and has at least three capable young men "fol- 
lowing up" in line. Efficiency is its "watchword." Sober young 
men possessing the fundamentals are sure to be given careful 
consideration in making application for employment to this 
great corporation. A Bureau of Employment is maintained. 
The directors selected a quiet, elderly man of wide experience 
and sound judgment to manage this department of the com- 

Every applicant is given respectful hearing, and if found wor- 
thy, he is placed on the list of "eligibles," and when a suitable 
vacancy occurs he is given a trial, during which time he is under 
observation by the men who selected him. "Esprit de corps" is 
one of the essentials. And a healthy, hearty spirit of co-opera- 
tion prevails throughout the institution. Small-minded, narrow 
men who do not fully co-operate in the interests of their em- 
ployers soon find themselves out of harmony. 

Many of the up-to-date corporations have come to realize the 
advantages to be derived from an Employment Bureau properly 
operated, and have installed such a department on Standard Oil 
lines. Other corporations are sure to follow. 

It therefore behooves every young man leaving his "alma 
mater" to engage in his life's work to go forth into the world 
fully equipped to meet keen competition, and fully determined 
to succeed though he finds it necessary to start on the first round 
of the ladder. 


I built a golden stairway 

To lead to Happiness, 
A pleasant way, a fair way 

Of Pleasure and Success. 

I left the crowded highway 

Of those who fought and failed, 
For their way was not my way — 

My stair was golden-railed! 

But when I reached the gateway 

That crowned my gilded stair, 
I looked below — and straightway 

My happiness lay there! 

— Violet D. Chapman. 

For the best meals and service in town go to Jules fam- 
ous restaurant, 675 Market street. Special luncheon 40 cents. 
A French dinner from an incomparable cuisine, 75 cents, with 
wine, served a la carte. Sundays and holidays, $1. Dancing 
and music every evening. 

Wedding Presents. — The choicest variety to select from at 
Marsh's, who is now permanently located at Post and Powell 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

"Fit' Preparedness. 

There is a tincture of perturbation over the situation in which 
the society cavalry troop finds itself. As soon as the war clouds 
darkened the heavens, Sergeant Thornwell Mullally wired to 
President Wilson and offered the services of these men who 
have been drilling at the Presidio all winter. Army officers be- 
lieve that there is every chance that the offer will be accepted. 
Nothing would suit Thornwell Mullally and some of the other 
men in the troop better than the opportunity to go down to the 
border and have a brush with the Mexicans. 

But on the other hand 
there are men in the 
troop who tend to goose- 
flesh at the idea of stroll- 
ing along the Mexican 
border, under the broil- 
•ing sun, while indefin- 
itely awaiting the open- 
ing of what appears to 
be long drawn out dip- 
lomatic wranglings. 

At a pinch they are 
ready to muster weekly 
at the Presidio and 
maneuver under the mar- 
tinet eyes of their regu- 
lar army officers. Those 
wives whose hearts flut- 
ter at thought of war 
cushion their fears with 
the hope that "drills will 

But unfortunately for 
the troop, Mullally made 
the stripes of First Ser- 
geant, the highest posi- 
tion. Numbers of them 
prefer to use this inde- 
finite period by enjoying 
themselves motoring idly 
through the cool pine 
glades or the high 
Sierras, or breasting the 
laving waves off Del 
Monte than take pot- 
luck at ducking between 
the calcined heat waves 
rolling up from the dry 
beds of the Rio Grande. 
When the bugle calls 
the line up to meet a 
ready foe, the troop 
will be there, ready 
to march where duty 

And Mullally, with- 
out a by-your-leave 
to the others wires the 
President, and now 
who knows to what 
great expedients 
some of the bold cav- 
alrymen will be driven. 
Some of the married 

men in the troop very 

naturally have obstacles 

put in their way by 

wives who feel that the 

situation does not yet 

require that men of fam- 
ily take the chances of 

Mrs. Madeline Force Astor, widow of John Jacob Astor, and her husband, 
William K. Dick, who were recently married at Bar Harbor. Mr. Dick Is 
In the background. Mrs. Astor Is chatting with Rhlnelander Stewart, Jr. 
A son was born to Mrs. Astor after the Lusltanla disaster, and is now some 
three years old. Recently he was allowed $30,000 a year from the Astor 
estate to provide for his Infantile wants. This Is his share of keeping up 
the establishment of his mother In New York. As the Astor estate Is a 
trust, Mrs. Astor was not given any bequest, but an allowance. This al- 
lowance she forfeited in marrying. It Is reported that she was allowed a 
lump sum of $2,000,000 from the estate. However. Mr. Dick, who is vice- 
president of a big New York financial Institution, Is amply provided to keep 
the wolf from the door. Copyright International Film Service. 

warfare. Some of the young matrons whose husbands are in 
this troop were discussing this point the other day, and they all 
agreed, very naturally, that they were by no means ready to 
offer up their husbands to sweltering along the border and no 
war in sight. They voiced their sentiments with a note of de- 
termination which presages that all the orders of the campaign 
will not emanate from military quarters alone. Which makes 
it clear, even to the unimaginative, that just now the most un- 
popular bachelor in this particular set of matrons is one Thorn- 
well Mullally, Sergeant of Cavalry, who whistles "Then it's 
hey for the stirrups, boys, and it's ho for the border, boys." 

In point of fact, 1st Sergeant Mullally has his "rough riders" 
well in hand now. They are summering far from where the 
cactus grows on the border and the coyote answers to the call 
of the revoluto. They haven't left town to avoid the call to 
duty. They are summering where war and war prospects can 
be discussed with distilled comfort, their uniforms at hand. 

Golf Raised to National 


There is more than usual in- 
terest in the golf tournament 
this July at Del Monte, for it 
is the first time that a na- 
tional match of this character 
has been pulled off in Cali- 
fornia. The Eastern players 
who are coming out represent 
the cream of the golf links on 
the Atlantic side, and the 
California players are very 
naturally spending all their 
time getting into form for this 

The demand for quarters at 
the hotel is so great that Del 
Monte has taken over the 
Pacific Grove Hotel in order 
to fill all the demands for 

A society matron who is 
noted for her daring remarks 
got off a lovely one the other 
day on the subject. Said she : 
"It will be a very nice ar- 
rangement. With two hotels, 
any clever room clerk can fix 
it so that wives and ex-wives 
and the unwived won't be con- 
stantly running into each 

9 © © 

The gossips are wondering 
whether the romance in the 
life of Will Blair will come 
to light in his will. His death 
occurred the other day, and 
his sister. Miss Jennie Blair, 
is receiving the condolences of 
a lecion of friends. 

There has long been a 
"secret marriage" kind of 
mystery about Blair and those 
who anxiously keep their ears 
to the ground for probate pro- 
ceedings are expecting that 
his will must either bolster 
up this theory or demolish it. 

© © © 
Wedding Bells of all Kinds. 

The wedding anniversary of 
the Walter Marti:-;, the other 
night, proved th-;t friendships 
are not alway- ' rittle even if 
their roots dig down into the 
exotic soil of the ultra-smart 
set. Someone remarked that 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 

"Mary Martin is one of the few women who can gather together 
her bridal party and guests without eliding any names on the 
score of shattered friendships." 

The story goes that another young matron in that same set 
considered an anniversary affair the other night, but abandoned 
it because she is not speaking now to three of the women who 
were her bridesmaids. It would have been such a conspicuous 
advertisement of ill-feeling to celebrate the wedding and to 
amputate the wedding attendants that the matron decided to 
forego the whole party. 

The anniversary celebration of the Walter Martins, the other 
night, recalled the rather unusual circumstances attendant on 
their wedding. Shortly after their engagement was announced. 
President and Mrs. McKinley and an official party made a tour 
of the coast. 

There was great rivalry among the Republican Higher-Ups 
and many were the claimants for the privilege of doing social 
honor to the Presidential party. To Henry T. Scott fell the 
coveted glory of entertaining them as house guests — a unique 
privilege brought about through the ill-health of Mrs. Mc- 

When the Presidential party arrived here, Mrs. McKinley 
expressed a cislike of going to a hotel, and the Henry T. Scott 
house was turned over to them. At that time the Scotts lived in 
a mansion in Laguna street. Both President and Mrs. McKin- 
ley took a great fancy to Mary Scott, the pretty young daughter 
of the household, and they sent her magnificent pieces of silver 
as wedding gifts. Senator Mark Hanna and other members of 
the Presidential party likewise sent handsome wedding pres- 
ents. No other San Francisco bride of that day, and possibly 
not since then, received so much attention from distinguished 
people America over. Of course, that fact made a special aura 
hang over the wedding ceremony, which was an al fresco affair 
at the Scott home in Burlingame. 

© © © 

The House Guest and Tips. 

A girl who has been visiting in some of the smartest country 
homes in the East tells me that many hosts are adopting strin- 
gent methods to wipe out the custom of tipping the servants. 

At one magnificent estate, she found in her bedroom a little 
printed slip asking house guests to refrain from tipping the 
servants. The chatelaine of this place told her that she had 
adopted this method as a last resort. Her servants had the 
advantage of being well paid and had no excuse to augment 
their wages with tips. Nevertheless, she had discovered that 
her house guests received attention from the servants in direct 
ratio to the size of the tips that they distributed. The written 
notice had proved more efficacious both to guests and servants 
than the verbal requests, and other hosts are adopting it. 

There are a number of people in these parts who entertain 
house guests constantly, and they have all given much thought 
to the question of tipping. In many of the homes the hostess 
asks her guests to refrain from tipping the servants. The 
Crockers, Carolans and a number of others prefer not to have 
their guests tip the servants, and request them to refrain — 
though doubtless the request is often ignored by the thoughtless 
guest. It is probably a concerted effort to introduce a perfect 
system of non-tipping that the printed request is being used in 
the East. 

The item of tipping is a considerable one for the indurated 
week-ender. A constitutional "visitor" figured out for me that 
during a summer she distributes among servants of her Penin- 
sular friends about $500. 

Mrs. L. Schumann was hostess Friday, June 23d, at the Hotel 
Oakland, entertaining with a luncheon in honor of Mrs. Charles 
Berwin of San Francisco. The other guests included Mesdames 
Fred Walters, L. Upright, G. M. Hyman, A. Levy, A. Karmelen- 
ski, R. Carroll, H. Bush, and M. Citron. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jules Marcuse of San Francisco entertained 
about a score of friends Saturday evening with a dinner at the 
Hotel Oakland. 

Among the prominent arrivals at the Hotel Oakland the past 
week are: Mr. and Mrs. T. F. Oakes of New York City; Mr. and 
Mrs. T. H. Estey and Miss Mildred Estey of San Jose; Mr. and 
Mrs. A. C. Copp of Allegheny, CaL; Miss Winfred Christie of 
London, Eng. ; Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Kiernan and child, and Miss 
Edith Grover of Sacramento; Dr. and Mrs. S. S. Salisbury of 
Los Angeles. 


George A. Knight, one of the most widely known San Fran- 
ciscans, a lawyer, orator, life long Republican of note, clubman 
and genial fellow, passed away this week at a sanitorium, to 
which he was brought from his Humboldt residence to counter- 
act an illness which developed pneumonia. 

For two decades, Knight was one of the city's dominant pub- 
lic characters. He was born in Worcester, Mass., in 1851, and 
came to Eureka, Humboldt County, when he was two years of 
age. After finishing his schooling at the College of California, 
he studied law in the office of Judge J. E. Wyman of Humboldt, 
and in June, 1877, married his daughter. His inclination quickly 
manifested itself when he was admitted to the bar in 1872, and 
a year later was elected district attorney of the county. He was 
re-elected three times, and then climbed into a State position, 
State Insurance Commissioner. He kept advancing along till 
he climbed into the good graces of the Republican party. In its 
campaign contests, Knight, who possessed an unusually pene- 
trating and rounded voice, developed a style of oratory rated as 
very attractive in that period. His fame in this line furnished 
him the opportunity to second the nominations of McKinley, 
Roosevelt and Taft for the presidency. For several years he 
was the State's national Republican Committeeman, and for a 
score of years he attended every Republican National and 
State convention. As a lawyer he ranked among the prominent. 
His most important case, perhaps, was the affairs of Charley 
Fair and the settling of the contest over the $18,000,000 estate 
after the sudden death of young Fair and his wife, in which he 
was joined by his partner, Charles J. Heggerty. Among his 
clients were the Pacific Mail S. S. Co., and the San Francisco 
and Portland S. S. Co. He was a member of all the leading 
local clubs, and a staunch member of the Odd Fellows, Shriners 
and Knights Templar. He leaves a widow and two sons, Chas. 
E. Knight, former shipping commissioner, and Fred S. Knight. 
A half-sister, Miss Achsah Connick, resides in Eureka. 


The California Highway Commission has just issued a very 
comprehensive and freely illustrated bulletin on the highways 
of this State. The bulletin is gotten out for the express use- 
fulness of motor car excursionists and others who seek the at- 
tractive and entertaining scenic views of the State. The sheets 
will prove gold mines of information to visitors, and are a most 
attractive bid to bring visitors into the State for motor travel. 
Excellent descriptive matter accompanies the cuts. The vol- 
ume is a splendid method of making the glorious mountain 
and valley scenery more familiar to the world at large, and the 
circulation should be widespread. 

A dainty Parisian feature of these early July afternoons 

in the cafe life of the city is the Perfume Favors. At the Te- 
chau Tavern every afternoon at 5 o'clock three large Four Dol- 
lar size bottles of the exquisite La Boheme Perfume are award- 
ed to the ladies as souvenirs, without competition of any sort. 
During, and after, dinner and in connection with the After- 
Theatre Supper, cute little jars of the finest French blend of 
aroma are presented much after the manner of the Candy 
Dances. After the matinee, an unbroken stream of limousines 
head for the Tavern. As usual, the Techau Tavern noontime 
"Hurry-Up" luncheon remains a standard feature with an in- 
creasing patronage, and remains in the good old summertime 
the nerve spot in this joyous city. 

A Charming 



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FFRD. T HOPKINS & SO -. N-w York City 

July 1. 1916 

and California Advertiser 



The Sixtieth 
Anniversary Number 


£1 r^^^^S©;g:- 

Will Be Issued July 20th 

"Early San Francisco" 

Its story told graphically in a wonderful collection of 
reproductions of rare old pictures, drawings, photographs 
and recollections of the pioneers. 

The issue covers the romantic and exciting period from 
Portola's discovery of San Francisco bay to the location of 
the first white residents who built the first "houses" in 
Yerba Buena, now San Francisco, and the story of the 
settlement's development to the early 60s; the gold rush of 
'48; the historic big fires that swept the city periodically; 
the Vigilance and other entertaining matter. 

Order copies now for yourself and friends in the East 


21 Sutter Street San Francisco, Cal. 

JULY 20th 

na n^jB 

25 Cents 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 


"Obey no wand but Pleasure's." — Tom Moore. 


The Board of Censors Appears at the Alcazar: Two Good Vaudeville Shows 

By Henry McDonald Spencer 

That profession, the only one in the world in which the ser- 
vices of the amateur are valued more highly than those of the 
professional, and in which the militia is considered above the 
regulars, was dramatized this week at the Alcazar in the play 
written by Edward Sheldon and based on Sudermann's "Song 
of Songs." 

The fact that a lady is willing to sell her "virtue" (what non- 
sense to assume that a woman has only one virtue) on a long 
term lease, as it were, seems to make her infinitely more attrac- 
tive to most men, especially to elderly flaneurs; and thus the 
hunting instinct, and the attraction of the little flapper who 
ostensibly works in a shop for a living, as compared to the 
licensed, or openly available, woman of the town. 

But first I want to congratulate the Alcazar on getting by 
with the longest play I have ever seen presented by a stock 
company as a result of only one week's work. When you con- 
sider that stock players have only five days in the week to re- 
hearse and "get up" in a new play, you will realize what it 
means to produce successfully a performance running for over 
three hours — and with short waits between acts at that. 

It was an ambitious undertaking, but I think the pencil could 
be used with advantage. For example: In the drunken scene 
of the fourth act there were a number of limericks spoken — 
any one of which would have been enough to indicate what the 
author was driving at — to show up the impropriety of the young 
lady heroine. Similarly, there was no necessity for the fre- 
quent repetition of the details of temulency — one would have 
been enough. This impressed me as being mere photography, 
so to speak, and not that elimination which is the essence of 
art. Think of the number of words which I might, but do not, 

Personally, I disagree with the author on Paphian psychol- 

There is no romance or sentiment in "love" when purveying 
it becomes a trade or an occupation like working in a factory 
or shop. It is simply a job, and I am sure that the soiled Lilies 
of life would never dream of selling their services except to 
the highest bidder. Of course there is another phase to the 
matter, but that is neither here nor there, as it was not intro- 
duced by the dramatist. 

I was glad to see that at least there was no cant about the 
play, and Miss Heme was not "spotted" with a halo and made 
to devote her life to the care of the sick or some other such 
banality for which she — the character — would obviously have 
been unfitted ; although that "Song of Songs" was worked over- 
time. However, the principal weakness of the play is that it is 
episodic rather than dramatic — a sort of Cyprian's Progress. 

But why there should have been so much fuss made about 
impropriety, and why a Board of Censors should have been 
wished on the show people who were playing to capacity and 
certainly had use for all of their seats, is beyond me. There 
is no more immorality about the performance than there is in 
passing Eddy and Mason streets any afternoon when the chick- 
ens commence to come out. 

Stage immorality, as I take it, consists in exhibiting favor- 
ably some immoral act or person. Merely recording facts has 
no more to do with morality or otherwise than has the equator 
or an isoseceles triangle. 

Miss Heme certainly made a hit in her part of Lily Kardos, 
and showed a versatility which I didn't think she had. Mrs. 
Leslie Carter could not have been more alluring in the bedroom 
scene, and for the rest she showed every mood and tense of 
the daughter of joy — sentimentalized, of course, by the author, 

and naturally played for sympathy. Her voice has a tendency 
to break in the tense scenes, but then again this is just as it 
should be with the type. Although in the lady-star's case it 
appears to be due to a certain amount of delicacy. 

Forrest Stanley and Louis Bennison were outstanding among 
the men. But there was little to criticise in the way the piece 
was acted, for it would not have been done better by a combi- 
nation company with all the pre-season period for "prepared- 

* * * 

Pantages Has Especially Attractive Juvenile Show 

I took a young lady aetat ten to Pantages this week, and she 
certainly did enjoy the show. I did also. There were three acts 
especially adapted to children : The posing dogs, "School 
Days" and "Pastimes of the Plains." 

The first shows some remarkably well trained "dogs" (why 
should they be billed as "Canines"? There is not even the ex- 
cuse of alliteration — "Chester's Canines De Luxe"). In addi- 
tion to being well trained, these animals were remarkably 
patient and very handsome in their "canine" way. They were 
exhibited in a number of difficult picturesque poses. In "School 
Days" Roy Mack presented some attractive young ladies who, 
if the truth were known, are probably not so young as they 
look, but at that quite young enough to qualify in the flapper 
class. The skit was quick, and all worked hard to give a pleas- 
ing performance. 

"The Pastime of the Plains" is an ambitious offering with 
real horses and what looked like real cowboys and a cowgirl. 
It was a pocket edition of a rodeo, with some comedy added. 
The rest of the show is quite up to the high standard which this 

house has been setting recently. 

* * * 

Exceptional Bill at Orpheum 

The Ex-Leading Lady who occupies two-thirds of the two 
seats assigned me, agreed that the Orpheum programme this 
week was the best we had seen for many a moon; in fact, out 
of the eight acts on the bill seven are all to the good. The 
other was a xylophonist, which is next to a piano-accordionist 
in my esteem. 

Wilfred Clarke and Co. repeated in "Who Owns the Flat," 
and as I exhausted my commendatory adjectives on this sketch 
last week, I need only add that a second performance did not 

Harry Tighe, who ought to have been named "High," except 
that he was likewise so broad, was assisted by dainty Sylvia 
Jansen, a little ingenue who came up to his wrist watch, and 



181 Post Street 
2508 Mission St. 

1221 Broadway, Oakland 


San Francisco 

The Heretofore Unattainable Goal 


The greatest forward atop ever 
made in glasses for far ti ml netir 
. :■! in one tense Lias been 
successfully accomplished. In 
oo other Bald of scientific or 
mechanical endeavor has so 
distinctive an achlei ement 
been made as by the Invention 
and development of tJ 
.•■n- v, hlch represents - 

expression nf optical principle 
ever developed. This marvel' 
ous neM lens known aa"Cal- 
tex" stands now at the highest 

i i i \ er reach d Ln a tens 

for far ami neur seeing which 
overcomes all tif theohjer tlon- 
al»le features ol other styles of 
bifocals and h s can. h It hoot 

reservation recoinnu'inl i In* 
" Caltex " as the best thai 
science has yet produced or is 
likely to produce. 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

they had some entirely origi- 
nal matter in the way of josh- 
ing a partner, and got us all 

The baritone singer, George 
MacFarlane, who was head- 
lined, was quite up to his repu- 
tation, and has a voice of ex- 
ceptional emotional quality. If 
he would only cut out the 
monologue, which Wills does 
so much better, I think his act 
would be improved. This pat- 
ter stuff on top of the emotions 
created, somehow is out of the 

Grace La Rue came back 
this week and held her audi- 
ence. She is a true performer, 
whatever may be the merit of 
her singing, and the Ex-Lead- 
ing Lady says that I don't 
know anything about music, 

The hit of the show, how- 
ever, is Clarke and Hamilton 
in "A Wayward Conceit," 
which is lovely fooling with 
some very advanced English 
nonsense. Though why at the 
end they should switch to a 
Japanese scene I am at a loss 
to understand. It almost 

looked as if they were giving a try-out before a booking agency 
to show what they could do. Nat Wills appeared again, as 
also the Gladiators. 

Advance Notices 

Henry Miller Season Opens at the Columbia Theatre July 10th — The 
Henry Miller season at the Columbia Theatre will open Mondaj nlghji 
July LOth, willi Hubert Henry Davies' great success, "The MollUSC," in 
Which Bruce Meltae, Hilda Spong, Alice Lindahl and others will appean 
This will be preceded by the one-act play, "The Golden Night," In which 
Mrs. Thomas Whltten will appear. The Miller organization will Includl 
Ruth Chatterton, Bruce McRae, Hilda Spong, Alice Lindahl, Charles Trow* 
bridge, Mrs, Thomas Whiff en, Walter Connolly. Margaret St. John, John 

Findlay, Mrs. Charles Craig, tfls '■' 6 Will and W. If. Sams. The 

engagement will be one nf tin- si noteworthy in the theatrical annals 

of Ban Francisco, as Mr. Miller ta preparing to stage a number i 

:'i\ .Iiimmu lus t ngagement hen Om Of them la the dramatization of 

A E, Thomas' "Come Out of the Kitchen." This is to be the starring 

vehicle for Ruth Chatter! the cast to 

in it at the Columbia, will go direetlj to New York, opening there Sofih 

temper 24th. A revival of "The Qreal Dlvld " is promised during the 

Columbia Theatre sea on with Henry Mlllei Bruc< UcB 1 1 1 : ! 

ami Mrs. Thomns WhltTeri m th< east. Man] other Interest! 

:nonts are promised upi i tl of Mr Miller this Sunday The 

advance Bale ol 

• • • 

Pantages Theatre — "Walkin 1 the Dawg." tht latest New York dance 
Blonj th< raj whll the topping feature on an ex-. 

■ ■■ i nallj si rang ■ ■ « it l est week. The bib 

will be given In its entlr rection "f 9Sr. ~s: Berger, who 

was sen! direct to NOT 1 ■■ iln the "Walkin 1 Dawg* 1 by thi 

Mr. Berger will give free Instructions after 
Ihe matlne' ea The Hear! i ■ the first of Lincoln Cal- 

ler's vest pocket in token from the three act "thriller" of the 

:.,!,,>■ name, will bi on. The mammotl \A 

Ing Engine ■ ■ Ion, will i" 1 shows 

OK ne and his en in a new 

,.i Brov opatrB/' Othei splendid acts will be Bill] 

In "The Saleslady and the Porter;" Baby VI 
the Kervllle family of 

;,,! thOSC tWO "The Iron Claw' 

>on Weekly." 

* * * 

Orpheum — The Orpheum ann> a bill for next week 

which will be headed b] r.llnl. Their union 

shone brlllUu 

and radiant. 5Dss Bordlnl is a Fren< 

Mr Ellis Lit the pi 
th in French 

I and Conant MU ithers, a wellknown actress who has 

Melville Ellis and Irene Bordlnl, who will appear at the Orpheum next week 

been seen in the leading roles of such plays as "Paid in Full," "Fine 
Feathers," etc., will appear in a fantastic comedy by Robert W. Sned- 
don entitled "The Might Have Beens." in which a childless couple see in 
their imagination, as they sit by the fireplace, the little children that 
might have been. Miss Brothers will have the support of a sterling com- 
pany. Murray Bennett is both a singer and a comedian who provides a 
-lily enjoyable entertainment, and Is one of the established favor- 
ites of vaudeville in the East. Jack McLallen and May Carson will pre- 
HCnt a remarkably clever roller skating act, which holds the audience to 
their finish. Md-ftUen costumes as a Scotchman and Miss Carson wears 
an exceedingly picturesque and beautiful dress. Mcl>allen's dancing to- 
gether with the finale, where both skate around a great number of 
lighted candles, imparts a touch of novelty that lifts It above other roller 
skating acts. Harry Tighe and Sylvia .lasen; Llbonita, the Xylophone 

Hamilton In "A Wayward I 'elt," and George Mac 

. the favorite baritone, who will be heard In new songs, are In- 

l in the list of attractions. 

* ft * 

Orpheum to Have Biggest Attraction in Its History — Arrangements have 

just been concluded by the Orpheum at for the engagement In 

this city, beginning Sunday matinee. July 9th, of Russia Ian* Ing 

■sloff and Vlasts Mssloi brilliant compan: ol 

kTtletS from the I ' ■ ; "I Coleman's fai S 

The entli* the S: as 

now being given ai the Palace Thes irk, where it Is proving a 

wnsatlon and is In its fourth Week of packed houses. Martin 

Beck, iii his telegram to Morris Meyerfeld announcing this most extraor- 
dinary s: "In my Judgment, Kosloff and Maslova should 
prove the biggest drawing cards you have ever had." 

• • • 

Summer Lecture Course — Dr. Nathaniel I Etublnkam, formerly l I 
Unlvei sll Ing ■ Bummi 

the Xativ- m ■ 

every F1 '>' of this week was the 

Wilde- SI Lecture* 


OF.rrell Street Bel. Stockton »nd Powell 
Phone Doufflaa 70 




Roller Sknters mi. Danlfrs: HAI.m Tl'.Mf 

Pt Sun 





Pantages' Theatre 

M.rket Street opposite Melon 

- ;n.l«y Afternoon July 2nd 



Machine Gun Company, Fifth Infantry, N. G. C, moving their equipment from the Armory to the entraining station, preparatory to their de- 
parture to the Rio Grande front. 

Mar-nine Gun Company. Fifth Infantry, N. G. C, lined up and listening to orders being read prior to their departure for the front. Captain Fred 
A. Marriott, in the foreground, in command. 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Captain F. A. Marriott (right) of the Machine Gun Company, Fifth Infan 
and Sergeant Bradlson, completing final arrangements for the entrainment 


Never since the foolish Trojans drew the Greek horse over 
the sands, and then went to sleep, leaving Ulysses and his com- 
panions hidden within it, has anything happened to compare 
with the recent arrival of the German Wagner Company, which 
had been touring Holland, at the frontier. If the Telegraaf is 
to be trusted, the custom house officials were by no means so 
confiding as the Trojans. They proceeded to search the dra- 
goon, Fafnir, and discovered that he contained several sacks of 
flour, whilst the clothing of the various gods, heroes and mortals 
proved to be as commodious as the dress of Ah Sin himself, 
producing, on examination, bacon, butter, flour, soap, margarine, 
and most of the other contents of a small grocery shop. No such 
Wagnerian spectacle, the Telegraaf insists, has ever been wit- 
nessed, either in Bayreuth or elsewhere, as that played in the 
Zevenaar custom house. 

* * * 

To be entirely up-to-date in musical lore one must at least 
know about, if not believe in, "beatless music," which is the 
equivalent of vers libre in poetry. How it all harmonizes, or 
rather synchronizes, with, for instance, neutral patriotism, and 
grammarless education! 

try, N. G. C. In consultation with Lieutenant Walter A. Scott (standing), 
of the company. 

i the News and Feature 9ervie< Bureau, s. P. Chronicle. 


Day or Night Displays 
for Family Use 

Specially Arranged Assortments. New Goods 

$1.00 to $20.00 

Shipment Prepaid lOO Miles) 



Suiter 5.W initly Filled Open Evening* 


KODAK finishing done by EXPERTS. We will send 
for your films. 


Phone Kearny 3841 

OLD HAMPSHIRE BOND Typewrl a , _ r ^5gy» t y^ 

lard r»P'T :■ - Ginnery. "Made a little better t 

id in attractive and durahlebox'-- < ontaininir five 
. dinal ruled. The manuscript i rs are fold in 

* i*mr>! - u-»ok 


Established 1855 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 

The Kn.ij'P Comp! 

Publishers, New York. 

Signing the Declaration of Independence. The instrument was adopted by Congress, July 4, 1776, and was signed by the delegates later In the 
year. On June 7, 1776, a committee was appointed to draw up a Declaration of Independence, which should be prefaced by a clear explanation of 
the causes that made the colonies adopt it. The committee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, BenJ. Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert 
R. Livingstone. The committee delegated Jefferson, who had repute as a writer, to draw up the instrument. His draft was amended slightly, and 
then reported to Congress. The debate was warm. Some of the members did not want independence. They considered it too violent a move. Sev- 
eral compromises were eventually made, and it was accepted. 


By Sam Davis 

Upon Olympian hights in solemn state, 

Three censors stood whose eyes were all aglow; 

And these were History and Time and Fate, 
Watching the nations on the plains below. 

And as they gazed a mist hung in the air. 

"Canst tell," asked Time, "what rests beneath the 
And History replied : "I do not dare, 

To solve the secrets of creation's days." 

There coursed the stream of ages, and it ran 

O'er silent sands with wrecks of empire strown, 

Where ruin mocked the handiwork of man, 
And cities crumbled in the dust alone. 

There rose the pyramids from out the plain, 

To tell of Egypt's glory and decay ; 
Where the dull Sphynx with eye of cold disdain 

Faced forty centuries of time's delay. 

In the fierce glare of the remorseless sun 

There bleached the bones of many a shattered host, 

On fields where pride and hate the conquest won, 
To make a nation's tyrannies its boast. 

Where the rude sword was master of the law, 

Holding its sway in undisputed lease; 
Where victors glutted with the spoils of war, 

Disdained to use the perfect gifts of peace. 

Where mighty kingdoms tottered to their fall, 

The work of ages perished with the day, 
Because the blinded builders of the wall, 

Discarded marble to make room for clay. 

Beholding this, Time's bosom swelled with pride. 

"Where lives the nation that survives with me?" 
And at his side the voice of Fate replied : 

" 'Twas born to-day. The nation of the free." 

And as he spoke a flag unknown before, 
Unfurled its flashing colors to the sun, 

While power to crush it was proclaimed no more, 
And right to bear it was forever won. 

Then the broad land knew plenty and content; 

The swift loom hummed, the cheery anvil rung, 
In other lands the ear of hope was bent, 

To catch the stirring strains that Freedom sung. 

And those who fell beneath its tattered fold, 

Blood-stained and battle-scarred, are with us now. 

For with the flight of their unshackled souls, 
A touch immortal pressed the martyr's brow. 

Then reign, Oh! King, in thy accepted might, 

While peace shall live and war no longer frown. 

Thy scepter nought but heritage of right. 
The glory ot eternal years thy crown. 

"So he figures that he didn't learn as much in college as 

he expected." "No wonder. He failed to make even one of 
ihe minor leagues." — judge. 


July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



Field Artillery in practice, rushing into position to open fire on the enemy. 

Lining up in regimental formation. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 


GARRTTT-BROWN. — The engagement of Miss Jessamine Garritt and 
Arthur Brown. Jr., of this city was announced recent!:.'. 

DRIVER-ROCK. — The news of the engagement of Miss Ruth Drli ; 
daughter of Mrs. Helen Driver, and John Rock, has reached San Fran- 
cisco friends from Santa Barbara, where the bride-elect makes hT 

METZNER-COOKSON. — Mr. and Mrs. William Metzner announce the en- 
gagement of their da ighter, Dorothy, to Harold Wesley Cookson of 
Los Angeles, No date has bi i n si i tor the wedding-. 

BERTI- HUGHES.— On June 20th Miss Mary Berti and Steven I. Hughes 

were united in marriage. 
BRANDON-BRODIE. — The marriage Of Miss Leonore Brandon to Frank 

Clampett Brodie was solemnized Wednesdaj at the home of the bride 

on Hyde sti et, 
BROWN- HELYAS. — On Sunday. Miss Ruth Morette Brown became the 

bride of Victor Helyas, and her sister, the wife of John Hughamanick. 
CLIFFORD-HAGEN.— Miss Anna Marguerite Clifford on Monday became 

San Francisco's first society war bride in her marriage to Lieutenant 

Ole Hag., n U. S. N. 
DICKSON-HERRICK.— Dr. Albert B. Herri ck, Jr., of the Fifth Reg 

N. G. C. claimed Miss Helen l <•■ kson of Santa Rosa as his bride 

Tuesday morning. 
FULD-ZELiLERBACH.— Hanna D. Fuld of San Francisco and Jullen I >. 

Zellerbach, son of Isidor Zellerbach, were married Thurs<i. 

at the Fairmont Hotel. 

GREENWOOD- HORNBLOWER.— The marriage of Miss Eleanor Greei 

wood, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Levi Greenwood, and Ralph Horn- 
blower in Ciirist Church. Andover, took place last Thursday. 

i 1AI.L- BROWN. — Miss Jessie Hall and SeldOD Brown were married on 
Wednesday at the home of Mrs. Jennison C. Hall, across the bay. 

KTJHN-HAWKBS.— The marriage of Miss Ruth Kulin, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. C. J. Kuhn, and C. J. Hawkes took place Monday afternoon 
at the chapel of Del Monte. 

KENI 'RICK-PELL. — The marriage of Miss Helen Kendrick and Rod- 
man C. Pell, Jr., was solemnized Friday at Grace Cathedral. 

LANSING -K E A NE.-— Miss Mildred Lansing, daughter of Mrs. Garritt L. 
Lansing of this city, became the wife of Augustin Keane on Wednes- 
day afternoon. The ceremony took place at the handsome home of 
the bride's grandmother. Mrs. E. G. Cohen, in Alameda. 

Mel >ONALD-HAYDEN. — The marriage oi Miss Blythe McDonald and 
Howard Burlew Hayden has been announced. 

NEFMAN- LEVEY. — The marriage of Miss Emily C. Nefman to EMgai C 
Levey was solemnized on Tuesday evening at 6:30 at the Century 

RA1 'GVICH-DOZ1ER— Miss Vivia Radovich and Thomas B. Dozb 
married on Tuesday noon at St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 

CAROLAN.— Miss En i> Garolan shared the pleasure of a day at Beau- 
lieu, the F rolan place in the Burlingame foothills, with a 
number of her friends recently, having a picnic on the grounds. 
FARNUM. — As a pleasant variation to an afternoon bridge party. Mrs. D. 
C. Farnum gave her party a picnic flavor Tuesday afternoon in Mill 
MILES. — Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Miles wore the guests of honor at an infor- 
mal luncheon which Mr. and Mrs. John Barr Baker gave on Sunday. 


BAKER, — To celebrate the twenty-first birthday of Rolla E. BaJtei son 
of John Baker of Chicago, and formerly Of this city, a handsome din- 
ner and dance was given at the Palace Hotel last Saturday night, 
with Mrs. Margaret E. May as the hostess. 

FILER. — Mr. and Mrs. Walter Filer were hosts at dinner Monday evening. 
their guests assembling at the Burlingame Country Club. After 
ward, with their party, they attended the dance given by Mr. and Mrs. 
Walter S. Martin. 


SCOTT. — Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Scott gave a dance at their home in 
Burlingame Monday night to celebrate the fifteenth wedding anniver- 
sary of Mr. and Mrs. Walter S. Martin. Mrs. Martin is the only 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Scott. 


BEAVER — Friends on this side of the bay are anticipating the house 
party to be glvi n bj Miss Miriam Beaver over the Fourth of July, at 
her home in San Rafael. 

BELVEDERE CLUB.— At the Belvedere Club there will be a tennis con- 
test, and some excellent matches are expected. A dinner and dan-' 
and moonlight sailing are to conclude the pleasures of the day. 

BERESFORD COUNTRY CLUB.— The Beresford Country Club will have 
its quota of members and their guests to share in the day's celebra- 
tion, one of the features of which will be a swimming contest. There 
will also be golf and tennis and a dinner dance to conclude the day's 

BURLINGAME COUNTRY CLUB.— Burlingame Country Club will as- 

er Foi a golf tournament, which will be concluded 

with a dinner dance, a fireworks display and a vaudeville programme. 

CLAREMONT CLUB.— Claremont Club is planning a tennis tournament for 

July 4th. 
DAVIS. — Mr. and Mrs. Frank Davis, who have been in town for a time 

since ieturning from Cuba, will entertain a house party over July 

1th at their place near San Benito. 
HATHAWAY. — Mr. and Mrs. William Lee Hathaway and Miss Marie 

Hathaway, who are at Pebble Beach Lodge, will have a number of 

friends with them over the Fourth. 
HAWKINS. — Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hawkins will entertain some of their 

San Fiancisco friends over the Fourth of July. The party will motor 

i" Hollister Saturday. 
HOOPER. — Mr. and Mrs, Joseph Hooper at Car m el will entertain over the 

week-end and 4th of July. 
KEELER— Mr. and Mrs. A. Starr Keeler will have charge of an elabo- 
rate dinner dance that will be given July 3d at the Marin County Golf 

and Country Club. 
ECBIP. — Mr, and Mrs. Frederick Kelp and daughter, Gretchen, have mo- 
tored to Yosemite to spend the holidays. 
LAGUNITAS CLUB.— The Lagunitas Country Club will entertain Its mem- 

bers and their guests in the day time of the 4th. and in the evening 

there will be a large barbecue. 
LAW.— Tahoe cottages are being opened up for the month of July. Dr. 

and Mrs. Harold Law will have a house party over the Fourth of July 

MACOMBER— Mr. and Mrs. A. King Macomher will have a house party 

■ n i will give an entertainment at their home, at which tin- I 

guests will be included. 
MARIN COUNTRY CLUB.— the bay the Marin Country Club will 

entertain on Independence Day with a large tennis tournmaent 
ME-NLO COUNTRY CLUB.— The Menlo Country club will assemble ■< 
throng on the evening of the 4th. There will be ■< dinner, fol- 
lowed by dancing and preceded by a golf tournament. 

VAN FLEET.— A group of friends will enjoy the hospitality of Miss Julia 
Van Fleet over the Fourth of July. The hostess and her friends will 
go up to Inverness, Saturday, where they will pass the week end, and 
will return to the city Wednesday morning. 

WILSON. — Mr. and Mrs. James K. Wilson will take more than twenty 
guests to their ranch at Novato for the Fourth. 

HOI SE.- Mrs. A. L. House entertained at a bridge luncheon Thursday 

afternoon at her home in Mill Valley. 


CROCKER.— Mr. and Mrs. W:n. H. Crocker arrived from New York on 
Monday, accompanied by their daughter. Miss Helen Crocker. 

I'uLGER. — Mr. and Mrs. J. A Folger and their daughters returned Sun- 
day from the Yosemite Valley. 

BENEDICT. — Mrs. Egbert Judson Benedict has gone to Paso Rob! 

a stay of a few weeks. 
RI^AJvEMAN. — Judge and Mrs. T. Z. Blakeman. accompanied by their 

daughter. Mrs. Robert McMillan, left Wednesday for their ranch in 

Sonoma County, where they will be established for the next three 

or four months. 
BLACK. — Miss Marie Louise Black left Friday for San Diego, where she 

will be the guest of Mis. Hancock Banning. 
HREEDEN. — Mrs. Henry Clarence Breeden left yesterday for Lake Tal 

to spend several weeks in the Sierras. On returning she will go to 

Santa Barbara for the month of August. 
BUOL>ERSEN. — Wm. K. Brodersen. vice-president of Wichman & Lutgen 

Co. leaves June 27th for New Orleans. Cuba and Havana on a pleas- 
ure ttlp for an indefinite period. 
CLXPT. — Mrs. William Clift will spend the summer with her daughter and 

son-in-law. Dr. and Mrs. W. Howard Campbell at Santa Barl 
COULD. — Mr. and Mrs. Jay Could and their two children are on their way 

to Honolulu. 


overlooking the beautiful Plaza of Union 

Square, the Hotel of refinement and service, 

is offering special rates to permanent guests. 

Hotel Plaza Company 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


HANCHETT.— Mr. an. I .Mis I 

Washington street and have g t< I tpltola, where thi 

the summer month?. 
HENSHAW. i | Mrs. Frederick ■:. Henehaw i i 

. sis al the Lou la E3, W. Plods 

HOLBROOK — Mr. and Mrs. Many Kolbrook, Mr. and Mis, Cyrua 

and Mrs. Wakefield Maker will motor tn a day or two to Feather River 

inn. where they will remain Cor a week. 
! [OPKIN9. — E. W. Hopkins and George Barr Baker are yiug i week's 

visit in Vosemite Valley. 
OXNARD.— Mr. and Mrs. Robert Oxnard, accompanied by Mrs. Maryc 

'eft for Vichy Springs. 
PEDCOTTO.— Mr. ami Mrs. Edgar Peixotto will pass the summer at Mha- 

mar, accompanied by Miss Nina Peixotto and Edgar Peixotto. Jr. 

They will be away three or four months, 
STANFORD.— Mrs. C. D. Stanford lias gone to Southern California to 

visit friends. She will be at Coronado for a few weeks, and also n 

San Diego. 
WILSON. — Mrs. Russell Wilson and her daughter, Mrs. George Cadwala- 

der, have left foi Santa Barbara. 
ZELLBRBACH.— Mr. and Mrs. Julien D. Zellerbach have left for an ex- 
tended honeymoon in Honolulu, going by the way of Vancouver. 


BRIDGMAN. — Mr. and Mrs. Temple ton Bridgman are en route to South 
America, where they will pass the next two years. 

BRIGGS. — Mrs. Wallace W. Briggs is at her summer home, Lone Tree 
Lodge, on the Russian River. 

('MAS!':. — Miss Isabel Chase is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Walter Hobart al 
their ranch in Nevada. 

FLOOD.— Mr. and Mrs. James L. Flood, Miss M. E. Flood and Miss Bar- 
bara Donahue of San Francisco are at Shasta Springs. 

FULLER, — Colonel Ezra Fuller, U. S. A., and Mrs. Fuller are guests at 
the home of General and Mrs. J. Franklin Bell at Fort Mason for a 
few days. 

GUMP. — Mr. and Mrs. William E. Gump. Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Marks are en- 
joying a motor trip north. 

HOUSTON. — Mr. and Mrs. Albert Houston are spending a few days in 
Yosemite Park, and later on will go to San Diego, returning to San 
Francisco in September. 

JOHNSON. — Mrs. William Pierce Johnson, Miss Josephine Johnson and 
Mr. and Mrs. Percy Murdock have left for Del Monte, to remain a 
fortnight or so. Miss Johnson will play in the Independence Pay golf 

KEIP. — Miss Gertrude Kelp is enjoying much social gayety in Los An- 
geles, and plans going to Coronado for several weeks. 

I, A I -i »VTEAUX. — Mrs. William H. Da Boyteaux and her daughters, Misses 
Elizabeth and Mary La Boyteaux, have arrived in Montecito, where 
they have engaged the E. D. Wetmore home for the summei months. 

i.\ DIG. Mrs, Philip Lydig of New York and Newport arrived here from 
the East on Tuesday on her way to Santa Barbara for a six 
rest before joining her husband in Russia, 

makyk.- -George T, Marye will be home on or about July 8th, to remain 
for the summer. 

MONTEAGLE. — Mr. and Mrs. Louis F. Monteagle, who are now al Cam- 
bridge, Mass., are expected to return to San Prancl ico about July 12 

.MURDOCK .—Mr. a.nd Mrs. Hamilton Murdoch have moved to their new 
home in Alameda. 

MURPHY. — Mrs. Eugene Murphy, Mrs, C. Frederick Kohl and Miss Mar 
ion Zelle have decided to extend their visit wit h Mr, and Mis Charles 
Templeton i rockei In 1 1 lulu until the lattei part of July. 

OSBORNE. — Mrs. William Osborne baa leased lib ind Ki 
1 1] . eze'e home al San Mateo for foui n o 

PAYNE.— Mrs. Herbert Payne i I Lmy Brewer 

visit in Paso Robles, having made the trip by 111 tor froiu theh home 
in San Mateo. 

PHILIP Mis 3 Harold Philip and Miss Philip are spending the month 

in Southern California. They will b nado and Sunt;. Bi 


POND. Mr. and Mis. Samuel pond and tl inily are 

to be l at the Feather River Inn for July. 

RBID. — Mrs \\, T. lo id. Jr.. and her four children, are enjoying the 
delights ol Tahoe, wh< re they are visiting w. T, Reld'a parents at their 
home on the las 

;.i ri.ii - Mi and Mrs. Allied Sutro and their three children are at In- 
verness for (he season. 

SUTRO. — Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Sutro and their three children are at Glen- 
brook, new Tahoe, for the summer. 

\\ VKEF1BLD. Di Francis Wakefield's hon 

the scene for merry gatherings over almost ■ end 

Los Angeles 






San Jo 


San Francisco 

4th OF JULY 

Reduced Round Trip Fares 
Between All Stations 





July 1, 2, 3, 4 

Return Limit July 5 
For Fares and Train Service Ask Southern Pacific Agents 

l! /*s St Sf/// SI Sf/// Sl Sf/f/ 


Beach Hill Inn 

1\ Santa Cruz, California i\ 





|\ /IOST beautifully and artistically appoint- 
ed hotel containing every comfort of an 
elegant home. 

•I Situation ideal, overlooking the beach. De- 
lightful winter climate. 

^ State Highway now completed leading 
through the Santa Clara Valley thence over 
the picturesque Santa Cruz mountains to Santa 
Cruz and the finest beach on the Pacific, or 
reach by the Southern Pacific Railroad. 
<J Ask Peck Judah for folder or write proprietor. 






mwy i >w>y>w^ym 





Novelties for "Welcoming" and 
"Bon Voyage" Packages 

Flowers Delivered to Any Part of 
the World 




San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 


Trade Growing, in 

According to the U. S. Census Bu- 
reau, California possesses more than 
10,000 manufacturing establish- 
ments producing annually manufac- 
tured products worth more than $700,000,000. Following is a 
summary of the report: Number of establishments, 10,057; 
Persons engaged in manufactures, 176,548; Proprietors and firm 
members, 10,430; Salaried employees, 22,637; Wage earners 
(average number employed during the year), 139,481; Primary 
horsepower, 491,035; Capital, $736,105,000; Services, $140,- 
843,000; Sa'aries, $35,230,000; Wages, $105,613,000; Materials, 
$447,475,000; Value of products, $712,801,000; Value added by 
manufacture (value of products less cost of materials), $265,- 
326,000. The population of California at the census of 1910 
was 2,377,549, and the Census Bureau estimates that it was 
2,758,000 on July 1, 1914. 

Midyear interest and dividend payments, as compiled 

by the New York Journal of Commerce will aggregate $292,- 
372,540, exceeding disbursements for the first six months of 
last year by $13,551,678. Payments for the first half of last 
year constituted the previous high record. This extraordinary 
showing is due to various initial payments, resumption of divi- 
dends suspended at the outset of the war, and many increases 
and extras by corporations in almost all lines of industry. 

Copper producers have helped largely to swell the total 

with increased and extra dividends. Many of the leading cop- 
per producing companies are making higher returns to stock- 
holders than ever before in the history of the industry. 

The properties of Western Pacific Railway and General 

Petroleum Company were sold this week pro forma, and bid in 
by Frank B. Anderson, chairman of the reorganization com- 
mittee. A $61,000,000 corporation will be handled in the same 
way to serve the purposes of reorganization. 

Italy sends securities to the value of $20,000,000 to 

$25,000,000 to this country as collateral for a loan to be raised 
among wealthy Italians. 

By advertisement, railroad managers urge arbitration 

of labor demands through the Interstate Commerce Commis- 

Munition plants say they are fully prepared to supply 

United States demands for Mexico. 

July dividend and interest disbursement, $92,000,000, a 

record total, and $13,500,000 more than last July. 

-Canada is prepared to nationalize its railroads. 

American trade with Mexico first ten months of the 

present fiscal year, $119,000,000, 40 per cent above last year. 

He groaned. "Look at the bill," he said. "Ten shillings 

for perfume — for made odors that fade away and die!" "Yes," 
she said, coldly, "that fade away and die and go to meet the 
thirty-five shillings' worth of cigars you consume every month." 
— Liverpool Mercury. 

IT Years in City Surveyor's 
and City Engineer's Office 

Seventeen Your* with I in' 
Late Charles S. Tilton 




All Survey Notes Saved 
Room 406, Charleston Building 251 KEARNY STREET, San Francisco- Phote Doiglas 366 

O. A. ROULEAU, President DONZEL STONEY, Manager 

WALTER C. CLARK, Secretary and Assl. Manager 

Title Insurance And Guaranty Company 

CAPITAL $500,030.00 
Phone Garfield 2 1 70 250 MONTGOMERY ST. 

San Fi 

an rrancisco. 









Italian-American Bank. 
For the half y< li ■ ndlne rum SO, 1916, q dividend has been declared at 

1 ■ ■ rati ii 'ii per cent per annum on an savings deposits, payable 

on and i i Saturday, July i. L916. Dividends not called for win be 

edded i" iii<- pi ■■'! and boai the same rate of Interest n July l. 

1916. Money deposited on or before July 10, 1916. win earn Interesl from 
.luly 1, 1916. 

A. SRAivHURo. I'n-sidrnt. 

Office- Southeast cornei id ry and Sacramento streets. 

The German Savings and Loan Society (The German Bank) 
For the half year ending .June 30. 1916, a dividend has been declared at 
iii' rate of four (4) per cent per annum on all deposits, payable on and 
after Saturday, July 1. 1916. Dividends not called for are added t.. the de- 
posll account, and ei mi dividends from Julv l. 1916. 

georgb TOURNY, Managei 
< iiln t— 526 California street Mission Branch, Cor. Mission and 21b1 
sis. Richmond District Branch, Cor. Clement St. and 7th Ave. Halght 
Street Branch. Cor. Haigiit and Belvedere Sts. 

Bank of Italy. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1916. a dividend has been declared at 
ii"' rati- of foui iii i" ' 'in- per annum on all savings deposits, pay- 
able on and aXtei Saturday, July 1. 1916. Dividends not called for are 
added to and hear the same rale of interest as the principal from July 1. 
1916, Money deposited on or before July 10th will earn Interest from Julv 
1, 1916. 

A. P. GIANNINI, Presid. nt. A. PEDRINI, Cashlei 

Office — Southeast corner Montgomery and Clay sis. Marke1 si Bram h, 
Junction Market. Turk and Mason St?. 

Security Savings Bank. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1916, a dividend upon all depo 
the rate of four (4) per cenl per annum will be payable on and after 
July 1. 1916. 

s. I,. abbot, v -President. 

Office — 316 Montgonier\ St. Sin Francisco Cal. 


Humboldt Saving* Bank. 
For the hair y* ar ending Jun< BO, L316 a dividend has been declared al 

the rat.' of foui Mt pei i tut per ann i all savings deposits, payable 

on and after Saturday, July i, 1916. Dividends nol called for an added 

In an,] Iii.mi ll:,- sarin- nil.- of internal as l!h- principal from Julv 1. L918 

H. C. KI.K.YKSAHi.. i ', 

Gffld -783 Market St.. near Fourth 

French-American Bank of Savings (Savings Department). 
For the half yeai ending Juni SO, 1916, a dividend has been declared at 
tin rate of foui (4) per cenl per annum on all deposits, payable on and 
after Saturday, July 1, L916. Dividends not called foi d to and 

bear the same rate of Interest as the principal from Julv 1. 1916. 

A LEGAIXet. Pn ■ 
Office — 108 Sutter St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Mutual Savings Bank of San Francisco. 
For tin- half year . M.hnr.' .i 1 1 ' i. - :;n \:<\c, a dividend has been declared al 
Lhe rate of four (4) per cenl per annum on all savings deposits, payable 
on and after Saturday. July 1. L916, Dividends no1 called foi are added to 

and hear til" Nairn m Interest as the principal from July i. 1916 

C. B. HOBSON, Cashier, 
OfFce— 70S Market St., opposite Third, San Francisco, CaJ 





Home Industry 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Upper — Start of 
the San Francisco 
militia to the Rio 
Grande front. Part 
of the munitions 
of the Machine 
Gun Company, 5th 
Infantry, N. G. C, 
Is on this Wichita 
truck. Quartermas- 
ter Sergeant Mc- 
Claughry of the 
company Is stand- 
ing on the step. 

Copyright Inter- 
national Film Ser- 
vice, Inc. 

Lower — The Wi 
chita trucks con 
veying the equip 
ment of the Ma 
chine Gun Com 
pany, 5th Infantry 
N. G. C.| to the 
Oakland depot 
where they en 
trained for mobili 
zation at Sacra 
mento. Capt. Fred 
Marriott, In com- 
mand of the com* 
pany, is sitting on 
the step of the 
first truck. 

■v-v ■»' -V';S9B 

fee ^^Ssffl 


"* ** mf TfJrllJi 



■ //^"ciw^rfw i i ^IvBFj. 1 am 


wy j && -Jm.1 



—^JmB^^JLl^^^^^^UwfJ 1 

s^-v* 5 •>. \X'^ *£ fcr m/* 

F- — ^^P^i 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 

»'*\\ :V < 


^jtmm^::nr±y Aft JK\ X^^P^r^^ 

l.-IHlUMMimi IW 

r* ni 

2,500.000 Autos Registered In U. S. 

With 2,500,000 cars now registered and running in this coun- 
try, there is still a market for 1,000,000 cars a year until 5,000,- 
000 cars are in use according to Alfred Reeves, general manager 
of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce. 

"The motor car demands of the rest of the world, as well as 
the increasing needs for the transportation of passengers and 
freight in the United States, will have to be supplied by this 
country," says Reeves. "States like Iowa now have a car for 
every sixteen persons, yet it is shown that other States, like 
some in the South, have only one car for every 215 persnos. 

"In view of the fact that government figures showed 10,000,- 
000 horsedrawn vehicles in use in 1910, and that there are 
5,000,000 farms in this country, one-half of them without a 
mortgage, and the increasing demand of motor trucks, I see no 
reason why, with the increasing service supplied by motor cars, 
this country cannot ultimately make use of at least 5,000,000 
power-driven vehicles of various types. 

"While pessimists have been preaching from year to year 
that the automobile business must come to an end, progressive 
men who appreciated the need of the motor car because of the. 
service it supplied have been developing the car and increasing 
its sale until now we have 2,500,000 registered in the United 
States, with a scheduled production for 1916 far in excess of 
a million automobiles. 

"Such an industry cannot but offer opportunities for young 
men, although, because of the keen competition, the opportuni- 
ties are only for those men who are prepared to work loyally 
and enthusiastically, and who are willing to train themselves for 
a particular field. 

"The automobile business offers not alone an opportunity to 
make money, but opportunities to do things worth while. Whe- 
ther for good or for evil, the coming age will find this a great 
industrial nation, and our young men must be trained for their 
places in its great progress." 

* » » 

Machine Gun Company Leaves for the Mobilization Camp 

The first actual armed National Guard Unit to leave San 
Francisco for service in the Mexican trouble was that of Capt. 
Frederick A. Marriott and his command, the fifty-four men 
machine gun company attached to the Fifth Infantry, which last 
Sunday departed for Sacramento. 

Telegraphic orders came from Adjutant-General Thomas 
directing the company to leave the armory at 9:30 o'clock and 
board the 10 o'clock Creek Route ferry boat. 

Promptly at the appointed hour, Captain Marriott in the lead, 
the company got under way. 

For several days past the command had been in readiness, 
anticipating receipt of orders any minute. Preparations were 
carefully made, and not a hitch occurred in starting. So thor- 
ough were the arrangements that members of the company had 
been delegated to drive the motor trucks engaged for moving the 
equipment should the commercial drivers not be available at 
the hour the command arrived. 

There was little excitement at the armory, owing to the early 
hour of the movement. The men retired the night before an- 
ticipating their call the following day. They had notified their 
families, but only a few were able to get to the telephone in the 
busy period before marching to summon relatives to the armory. 
But a crowd gathered at the ferry to cheer the boys as they 
marched through the corridor to the boat. 

Their gear and equipment was conveyed from the armory to 
the ferry on three trucks supplied by the Pacific Coast Wichita 
Truck Co., 468 Golden Gate avenue. Incidentally, it is inter- 
esting to know that the Wichita truck was the first used by the 

army when it went into Mexico, and 41 of this very reliable 
make accompanied the first punitive expedition. Without these 
the forces would have been delayed for quite a time, as there 
are no other truck makers situated near the border. The army 
men are all enthusiastic over the performances of these ma- 
chines, which have recently been put on the local market in 
charge of W. A. Knuckey as branch manager. 
See Illustrations on Page 17 

* * * 

Amateur Breaks All Records Continuous Driving Through Traffic 

All records for continuous driving in congested city traffic 
were smashed by Lord Douglas Gray last week in New York, 
when he covered 358.7 miles in 24 hours in a Chalmers six-30 
touring car. 

The object of the test was to show that given ordinary care 
and skillful driving, it was possible with a good car to cover a 
tremendous distance economically and in comfort. 

Lord Douglas is a well known British amateur driver whose 
ancestral home is Dalfauld House, Dunonn, Argylshire, Scot- 
land. In 1912 he won the Royal Russian reliability trials, cap- 
turing six prizes, including the Czar's plate, and in 1912 in a 
Vauxhill car he made a record in London traffic under similar 
conditions of 251 miles. In speaking of his test, Lord Douglas 

"So much has been written recently of what certain cars have 
accomplished in various test speed trials and runs under ideal 
conditions that I thought it would be a good idea to show the 
motoring public just what an ordinary New Yorker could accom- 
plish with an ordinary car under the most adverse conditions. 
With this idea in view, I decided to repeat a test I made some 
years ago in London, and that was to drive a car for 24 hours in 
dense city traffic. In order that there should be no chance for 
criticism, I asked the American Automobile Association to 
supervise the trial, and their representatives acted as observers 
throughout the whole run." 

• • • 

The police of New York City are now using automobiles to 
round up motorists who are breaking the speed limit. The autos 
are used because of greater efficiency over motorcycles. 

Wichita Motor Trucks 

For Farm, Ranch, Road and City Use 





4 * Watch the Wichita" 


Wichita Falls Motor Company 

Wichita Falls, Texas, U. S. A. 

Pacific Coast Wichita Truck Co. 

San Francisco Branch 
468 Golden Gate Avenue 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 





The Chandler Leads 

in Price and Style and 

Certainty of Service 

NEVER before has the Chandler leadership been bo obvious to bo 
many people as it is now, at the height of the 1916 season. 
At a time when so many cars are "marked up" a hundred dollars 
or more, the Chandler leads with the same low price established 
eighteen months ago. 

Jn the midst of a horde of new types and styles of engines. "The 
Marvelous Motor" leads in certainty of service. Built in the Chandler 
factory ever since the first Chandler car was marketed, this famous 
motor— refined, more powerful, more flexible,— still leads moBt distinct- 
ly because free from any hunt of experimentation or uncertain theory. 

And Chandler leads quite as clearly in beauty of body design, refine- 
ment of finish in every detail and luxury of upholstering. 

It is not surprising that many thousands of new owners have joined 
the Chandler ranks this year. 

You will be delighted with your Chandler 


Seven- Paaaea iter Tonrlafr Car, *1 443 1 KooT-PawsFon-er Raadater, 01446. 

In San Fraaclnco 


1350 VAN NESS AVE., SAN FRANCISCO. I'»on» Proaprct 431 
E. In PEACOCK AUTO CO., 3020 Broadway. Oaklaad. I'honr Lakrslde 5100 




San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 

Every Car Finishing (except one) in the 


300 Mile Race was Equipped With 


For Sale by All Dealers 



Hughson & Merton, Inc. 

530 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco 



You buy your Tires at the Price for which they were 
made to Sell. 

Marathon Tires are built to command a price above the 
ordinary. Our aim has been to build the best Tire in 
the world. Their concentrated Tread has rubber 
heaped up where wear comes most; the Tire Body has 
one or two more layers of fabric than other Tires of 
same rated size — for extra strength; and there is no 
compromise anywhere on quality of either material or 

California Tire & Rubber Co. 

W. H. HOMER, General Manager 

497 Golden Gate Ave., Cor. Polk St. 


More Autos Needed for Monterey Encampment 

In one week from to-morrow the United States government 
will need all the machines that can be furnished by the auto- 
mobile owners in this part of California. On July 9th, over 
two thousand troops and recruits will be sent from San Fran- 
cisco to the training camp at Monterey, and in order to move 
this army with motor vehicles every owner of a car is asked 
by the State Automobile Association and the local dealers to 
give the use of his car to the government. 

The transportation of these troops will prove conclusively 
what the auto owners could do in case of emergency. 

The encampment is primarily a national effair, and, accord- 
ing to the members of the Automobile Dealers' Association, 
should appeal to the patriotism of every American. This is not 
a movement for the benefit of the automobile dealers, but one 
that is of vital importance to every man who owns a car. In 
case of emergency the automobile dealers would not be the only 
people who would have to assume the burden of transportation 
of troops and supplies for the army. This burden would have 
to be borne by everybody owning a machine, and it is for the 
purpose of demonstrating just what could be expected and 
accomplished through the co-operation of the owners and deal- 
ers that the present test has been arranged. 

Over 200 machines have already been promised. The Cham- 
ber of Commerce of Monterey will send 20 cars for the trip. 
The business men of San Jose have also promised to furnish a 
fleet of 20 machines. The Oakland Chamber of Commerce 
will furnish at least five cars, while L. A. Nares of Fresno has 
promised that the Fresno motorists will be well represented in 
the test. Business houses and other civic organizations have 
promised to supply trucks and cars, but the private owners of 
machines are needed to bring the number up to fill the require- 
ments for the movement of the troops. 

Each car will be entitled to a driver and a guest. These will 

be given accommodations at the training camp on the night of 

July 9th. Owners who are willing to donate the use of their 

machines for the trip should notify Captain J. B. Murphy, officer 

in charge of the United States Military Training Camp, 204 

Pine street, or W. L. Hughson, chairman of the transportation 

committee, Van Ness avenue at Geary street. 

* * • 

Auto Licenses Near the Two Million Mark 

Superintendent H. A. French of the State Motor Vehicle De- 
partment reports the following registrations and receipts to last 
Saturday for 1916: Registrations — Automobiles, 186,116; mo- 
torcycles, 25,124; chauffeurs, 9,688; automobile dealers, 1,249; 
motorcycle dealers, 193. Receipts — Automobiles, $1,880,- 
599.04; motorcycles. $47,946.50; chauffeurs, $17,616.30; auto- 
mobile dealers $31,507.75; motorcycle dealers, $849.50; miscel- 
laneous, $1,926. Total receipts, $1,930,445.09. 

A First-Class Garage 

There are many garages in town, and the motorist is often 
in a quandary as to where to go, especially for permanent ser- 
vice. There are very few who give you the quality of service 
of Dow & Green, in Taylor street, between OFarrell and Geary. 
Here your car will receive something more than the "once 
over," and the prices are moderate. 



R1Q a^*H FI I 1^ ^T Between Polk and 
013-8J0 ULLIO Ol. Van Ness Avenue 


Tips to Automobi lists 

The Newt Letter recommends the following garage*, hotela and supply 
houses- Tourists will do well to cut this list out and keep It as a guide: 

PALO ALTO.— LARKIN'S CAFE— Just opened. The only Btrlctly first- 
class cafe on the Wishbone Route devoted to the patronage of automobile 
owners and their families. Corner of University avenue and The Circle. 

SAN JOSE.— LAMOLLE GRILL, 36-38 North First street. The best 
French dinner In California, 76 cents, or a ta carte. Automobile parties 
plven particular attention. 

PALO ALTO.— PALO ALTO GARAGE. 443 Emmerson St.. Tel.. P. A. 
333. Auto livery at all hours. Tires and sundries In stock. Gasoline, oil, 
repairing, lathework. vulcanizing. Ope"» day and night. 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Important Change In Auto Row 

Arrangements have been completed for the purchase o 
the entire holdings o£ J. W. Leavitt & Company, distributors c 
Overland automobiles and owners of a chain of branches on th 
Pacific Coast, by the Willys-Overland, Inc., of Toledo. 

The Willys-Overland, Inc., will in the future operate its owi. 
branches on the Pacific Coast, giving service to Overland owner 
direct from factory to owner. The operating company in Cali 
fornia will be known as the Willys-Overland of California, 
and in the northwest the operating company will be known as 
the Overland-Pacific, Inc. 

The price paid by the Willys-Overland, Inc., for the holdings 
cf J. W. Leavitt & Company was in the neighborhood of one 
million dollars. General officers of the Willys-Overland, Inc., 
including Mr. Royal R. Scott, Secretary and Chief Counsel, 
Mr. J. H. McDuffee, Assistant Sales Manager, and Mr. W. E. 
Tigges, Comptroller, are now on the coast arranging details of 
the transfer, which will take place on July 1st. 

The Leavitt Company has been in business on the Pacific 
Coast nearly a quarter of a century. Since they secured the 
distribution of Overland Automobiles, their growth has been 
phenomenal. In 1909 they had only one small store located in 
San Francisco. Three times in the last seven years they have 
been compelled to enlarge their quarters in San Francisco, and 
have opened nine Pacific Coast Branches, including Spokane, 
Seattle, Portland, Sacramento, Oakland, Fresno, Los Angeles, 
Pasadena and San Diego. 

Last year Pacific Coast purchasers bought over nine thousand 
Overland cars, running the aggregate business of the Leavitt 
Company up to the seven million dollar mark, and making them 
the largest distributors of automobiles in the world. 

In taking over the Leavitt Company, the Overland Company 
will retain practically the entire Leavitt organization. A. D. 
Plughoff, formerly vice-president and general manager of the 
Leavitt Company, and considered one of the three or four best 
posted men in the automobile industry, will be managing direc- 
tor of both the Willys-Overland of California and the Overland- 
Pacific, Inc. 

• * » 

B. F. Goodrich Company Sends Attractive Lithograph 

Perhaps the most unique of recent complimentary tokens to 
the trade is the beautiful colored hanger being sent out to the 
motorcycle list by The B. F. Goodrich Company of Akron, 
Ohio. It is a nameless painting by the late Mr. A. B. Frost, 
one of the last works of the famous artist. In fact, the work 
was left unfinished by the master, but was later taken up and 
finished by his son, Mr. John Frost. The picture has no title, 
but it is easy to read the story. The town constable has evi- 
dently hailed the dapper feminine motorcyclist for speeding. 
But the maiden's appealing look of injured innocence has got- 
ten the old constable foul, and the wheels of justice seem in dire 
danger of clogging. The painting is handsomely reproduced by 
the American Lithograph Company in beautiful, soft and well- 
blended colors. The hanger bears no printed advertisement, 
although the motorcyclist is using goodrich tires, and a Good- 
rich sign appears on the village store in the background. It is 
an embellishment to any dealer's office. 

Know What You Are Going to Pay. Ask 


" the man who knows " 

1445 BUSH ST. Phone Franklin 2190 

General automobile repairing. Reboring and rebuild- 
ing of motors a specialty. Only first class work handled 
and all work guaranteed. Gray and Davis starting and 
lighting systems repaired. 

Rayfield Carburetor Service Station. 


1610-1612-1614 VAN NESS AVENUE 

Between California .-• nto sts. Phone Prospect M 

Where their entire attention will be devoted to the prompt delivery 
of the best work that a modern plant, high-class mechanics and 
materials can produce. 


'It suits because itdoesnt soot" 

If you want to prolong the life of your engine 
If you want to eliminate smoke and carbon 
If you want to reduce your oil expense 

Use MoToRoL 

Hughson & Merton, Inc. 

530 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco, Cat. 


Phones— Park 8386, Park 5138 





Opp. 8th and Market Sts. San Francisco 

San Francisco Taxi-Car Co. T ™»™?yK E 

Operating In Conjunction with 

The White Star Line Auto Touring Co. VflN 1 n | s 3 s ave. 

Cheapest TAXI-CAR rotes. BEST equipment 

7 Passenger Touring Cms $'J < (> per hour. Closed Cars I2.FQ per hour (In Pan 
Francisco) Touring rates for Country Trips) 



Long Mileage Tires and Second-Hand Tires 
Everything Needed for the Bus 

1135 VAN NESS AVE.— Near Geary Phone PROSPECT 1566 

Automobile Starting and Lighting Systems 
Give Satisfactory Results When Given Proper Attention 

We specialize on electrical equipment, storage batteries, etc. 
and guarantee satisfaction. 


639 Van Ness Ave. BRAND i. CUSHMAN Phone Prospect 741 


Strictly Fire Proof Building 










J. B. Kelly J- H. Rr ,s 

Kelly Ball Bearing Co 


New and Rebuilt 
Bal I Bea rings 


1155 Van Ness Avenue 

Phone Prospect 4300 S«n Francisco. Cal. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 

(g) McCiLL 

Plain and Blocked Voile Taffeta 


Summer finds us very much inclined towards stripes, in lin- 
ens, pongees, tussahs, voiles, crepes and the various imported 
and domestic novelty cottons. The ground of these materials 
is usually white, or the natural crash or linen color, and the 
stripe, either a vivid or a soft tone, according to the purpose of 
the frock, or the fancy of the wearer. These striped materials 
are usually combined with a 
plain fabric, corresponding 
with the color of the stripe, 
or the gound. On the Russian 
blouse models, and the other 
designs, Norfolk, and the vari- 
ous peplum models, now so 
well liked, the striped silk or 
linen is used for the coat, and 
the plain for the skirt, or vice 

Another Fina in the Uphol- 
stery Department. 

Last summer we took cre- 
tonne from the upholstery de- 
partment and transferred it in 
great quantities to the dress- 
goods counter; still on the 
lookout for novelties, we dis- 
covered this season that the 
plain and striped cotton and 
linen homespuns, intended for 
summer cottage furnishings, 
were charmingly suited to 
sports suits and skirts, being 
especially practical for those 
which require a bit harder 
wear than the ordinary linen 
or silk garment will stand. 
These also have the natural 

crash and linen grounds, and are striped in the same tones, 
barring the softer shades. The black and white combination 
is especially smart, and there are bright green, purple, orange 
and a wide choice of the other bright shades which are so 
much in favor for sports wear. This material is wide and inex- 
pensive. One especially effective suit developed in this home- 
spun has a plain crash-color skirt, combined with a black and 
white striped coat. The pocket flaps on the skirt were of the 
striped material, and collar, 
cuffs, pocket flaps and belt of 
the Norfolk coat, of the plain. 

Combinations of Figured and 
Plain Materials in Lin- 
gerie Frocks. 

As we combine stripes with 
plain materials in our sports 
costumes, so do we combine 
figured with plain fabrics in 
our lingerie and tub frocks, 
both for grown-ups and for 
small girls. 

There are sprigged and dot- 
ted dimities, embroidered and 
printed voiles, flowered organ- 
dies, embroidered muslins and 
batistes, each with its corre- 
sponding plain material, to be 
combined in the slip-on 
blouses, Russian, and numer- 
ous other smart peplum de- 
signs. The flowered dimities 
are especially pretty for the 
very small girl, and many a 
tiny frock of rosebud and 
white dimity, trimmed with 
frills of Valenciennes lace and 
insertion, is being displayed 
in the smart shops, for the lit- 
tle miss Of two or three sum- Fl ° wered 0r9a ^ ar w,th Georgette 

g) MUL'AI.L 

triers. The flowered, printed or embroidered crepes and voiles 
are very pretty used this way, and there are printed silks being 
combined with plain taffetas and satins, in the same way, for 
afternoon frocks. 

Handkerchief Linen for Blouses. 

For blouses, both of the sports type and the more dressy 
models, the striped and figured handkerchief linens are modish. 
These have usually white grounds with colored stripe, flower, or 
conventionalized pattern. The stripes are much more in evi- 
dence than the figured linens. For the costume blouse Geor- 
gette crepe is the general favorite. In white or the soft tones 
of pink, blue, cafe au lait, Nile green, and the various other 
shades, this material washes perfectly; the dark tones are ex- 
cellent and are practical for the tailored suit, being selected to 
harmonize, or match the shade of the suit. 

Linen and Georgette are often combined most effectively in 
the smart afternoon models for country club and like wear. One 
unusually attractive costume shows a Russian blouse of mauve 
color Georgette worn with a full, short skirt of mauve linen; 
another imported model, made on Russian blouse lines, shows 
the novel combination of foulard and muslin; the blouse is of 
the muslin and the skirt of foulard. 

Trimmings for Lingerie Dresses. 

Much narrow Valenciennes and filet lace edging and inser- 
tion is used to trim the dainty muslin and voile dresses this 
summer. It edges the frills of bodice and skirt, finishes the 
collar and cuffs, joins the seams, or is applied in any way that 
strikes the individual fancy. Embroidery is another strong 
trimming feature. Scarcely a blouse or tub-frock but shows a 
touch of white or colored handwork on collar, cuff, belt, or at 
the closing. Novelty buttons, embroidered or stenciled, lend 
a touch of effective color to the dark linen or serge frock, and 
light crystal buttons add a pretty finish to the voile and crepes. 




Since 1875 the Historic Hotel of San Francisco 

European Plan Only. Rates from $2 per day upward. 


The Most Superbly Situated Hotel in the World. 
Under Same Management. 


Club Room Luncheon for Men, 50 Cents. 

Tea and Music in the Lounge Every Afternoon. 

Dancing in the Rose Room Every Evening Except 

Turkish Baths---For Women, Eleventh Floor. 

For Men, Twelfth Floor. 
Indoor Golf on the Roof of the Annex. 
Kindergarten forthe Convenience of Women Shopping, 

and for Regular Instruction. 


Hotel Oakland 

ffl The servant problem is solved. 

ffl Extraordinarily low rates to permanent guests. 


CARL SWORD, Manager 

July 1, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



"A Diplomat's Life in Mexico." 

The writer, who is the wife of Nelson O'Shaughnessy, give 
intimate personal experiences at Mexico City and Vera Cm 
during those dramatic months when her husband was American 
Charge d' Affaires. Who has not longed to know something of 
what went on behind the scenes during the anxious months 
preceding the breaking off of relations between the United 
States and Mexico, to know what the Americans in Mexico 
City feared, and what the diplomats of other countries thought 
of the United States' policy? In these pages we have vivid 
pictures of those days by the one who had the fullest informa- 
tion. There is gossip of drawing-rooms and accounts of per- 
sonal relations with Huerta, Lind, von Papen, Admiral Fletcher, 
and many others, in hours when a diplomatic slip might mean 

Published by Harper & Bros., New York. 
» * * 

"Child Training." 

Do you encourage baby talk in your children ? Here is what 
Mr. Hillyer, the well-known educator, has to say on the subject 
in his book, "Child Training" : "The mispronunciation of words 
due to inability to articulate, or more usually to incorrect hear- 
ing, may be amusing and delightful on account of its simple nai- 
vete, but it should be corrected, and above all should not be 
imitated by the parent or teacher. 'Oo' and 'ittle' may be cun- 
ning in a three-year old, but it is silly for a grown-up to use such 
expressions in addressing the three year old. But what is worse, 
it gives an incorrect model for the child, and thus prolongs the 
time he will take to speak correctly. Precision in the pronun- 
ciation of one's native tongue is always delightful at any age 
and an ear-mark of the well-bred." 

Published by The Century Co., New York. 

* » * 

"Restoration of Peace in Europe." 

The volume is of unusual interest to American readers, com- 
ing as it does from an Austrian, Dr. Alfred H. Fried, one who 
has been a lifelong student of government, a promoter of the 
cause of international peace (the winner in 1911 of the Nobel 
Peace Prize), and above all a keen and clear thinker who is as 
ready to condemn his own country as any other in setting forth 
the causes of the European war. Dr. Fried, however, puts the 
blame not on any one belligerent or group of belligerents, but 
finds it to rest upon the international anarchy which has pre- 
vailed for some time. Economically, he maintains, the nations 
were interdependent; politically they were antagonistic, even 
in times of peace, standing aloof from one another, jealous and 
suspicious. Until they learn to work together, he argues, their 
interests will be opposed and periodic wars will be inevitable. 

Translation by Lewis Stiles Gannett. Published by the Mac- 

millan Co., New York. 

* * » 

"Hearts and Faces." 

The story of an artist, by J. Murray Gibbon. Delightfully 
true pictures of Scottish ideals are sketched in the earlier chap- 
ters; then the hero flings aside his university studies. He longs 
for freedom and life, and, falling in with a lovable old charac- 
ter, a Scottish painter, he also learns to paint. He leaves Scot- 
land and goes to London, Paris, Germany, Italy, in quest of 
success. He is thrown into the pulsating human pot-pourri of 
art student life and "keeps his skirts clean" up to the present 
moment of his life, when he falls a victim of a designing wo- 

Published by John Lane Company, New York. 

• • • 

Harper Books to Be Reprinted. 

Harper & Brothers announce that they are putting to press for 
reprintings two of their new novels : "The Border Legion," by 
Zane Grey; and "People Like That," by Kate Langley Bosher. 
They will reprint soon "The Story of a Pioneer," by Dr. Anna 
Howard Shaw;" "The Sowers," by Henry Seton Merriman; 
"Land Ho!" by Morgan Robertson, and Volumes 7, 10, 19 and 

25 of "The American Nation. A History." 

• * * 

The new edition of Stevenson's "Father Damien" will no 
doubt be especially interesting reading in connection with 
Katharine Fullerton Gerould's article in the July Scribner on 

"Kalaupapa: The Leper Settlement on Molokai." She natu- 
rally refers to Stevenson. Her impressions give anything but 
an unpleasant view of this colony of the doomed. "I have never 
seen anything in our contemporary chaos of prophylactic legis- 
lation and humanitarian hysteria one-half so humanly fine as 
what has been done, as quietly as the coral-insect builds the 
reef, on the low promontory of windward Molokai." 

* • * 

The notable Indian scholar, Dr. Ananda Coomaraswamy, 
who is now in this country with his wife, Ratan Devi, the singer 
of Hindoo folk songs, has written on "Buddhist Art in India" for 
The Field of Art in the July Scribner. 

A short time back, while a certain general was inspect- 
ing a regiment just about to depart for new quarters, he asked 
a young subaltern what would be his next order if he was in 
command of a regiment passing over a plain in a hostile coun- 
try, and he found his front blocked by artillery, a brigade of 
cavalry on his right flank, and a morass on his left, while his 
retreat was cut off by a large body of infantry. "Halt! Order 
arms, ground arms, kneel down, say your prayers!" replied the 
subaltern.— Tit-Bits. 

A Luxurious Bath 

Not a mere cleanser, but a truly refreshing 

and restoring treat may be enjoyed by the 

use of the genuine 


(The Original, Century-old) 

Florida Water 

"Whether used with hot or cold water, its 
effect is always delightful. It imparts a 
sense of renewed vigor and a cleanly sweet- 
ness that is most 

Sold by Leading Drug- 
gists and Perfumers 

Booklet, "Bcnotynnd 

Jlt'nULl" :*i: lit- on n.-ilili'St. 


l'iio W liter Street 

Now York 

Excursion Fares 


Humboldt and Mendocino 


■ily on 
Fri. an'l Sat. 


To— Limit 

Hopland *5.00 

Uklah 5.75 

Wllllts 6.50 

Longvale 7.50 

Dos Rlos 8.75 

Spyrock 10.2S 

Alder Pt 13.50 

Ft. Seward 14.25 

Scotia 17.50 

Alton 18.00 

Fortuna 18.25 

Fernbrldge 18.50 

Eureka 19-25 

Areata 19.75 

Ask i ipy, "Hunting and Plsl 





San Francisco News Letter 

July 1, 1916 


F. M. Haley, who has been doing field work during the past 
year for the companies represented by the Hoadley agency, 
will on July 1st accept a position as special agent for the Cali- 
fornia Fire, covering Central California. Haley was formerly 

with the Pacific Board. 

* * * 

The Occidental Life of Los Angeles has reinsured the acci- 
dent and health business of the Union Pacific Life of Vancou- 
ver, Wash. The Occidental will take over the entire plant of 
the Union Pacific in Washington and Oregon, the latter com- 
pany hereafter confining its writing to life business. 

* * * 

Owing to activities bearing on the Mexican situation, all 
policies issued hereafter by the Western Union Life of Spokane 
will hereafter carry a military clause. Members of the National 
Guard, and those belonging to other military organizations will 
be limited to three thousand as the maximum. The military 
clause affects policies issued after May 21st. 

* * * 

The San Francisco office of the Casualty Company of Amer- 
ica has been placed in charge of E. J. Swift, former ' 
assistant secretary of the Pacific Coast Casualty Co. 

G. E. Oneal, formerly with the Christensen & Good- 
win automobile department, will on July 1st open a joint 
automobile department in San Francisco for the Nor- 
wich Union and Fidelity & Casualty. 

The Union Oil Co. of California will insure the lives 
of all of its employees called for volunteer service, be- 
sides holding their positions open for them and paying 

full salaries during their absence. 

* * # 

A decision of the Circuit Court of Marion County, 
Or., in the case of a policyholder of the Horticultural 
Fire Relief Association, who was sued for an assess- 
ment of $4, the difference in the Association's rate and 
the rate charged by stock companies, makes all policy- 
holders in the mutual concern responsible for an assess- 
ment to this extent. The suit was brought at the insti- 
gation of Receiver Harvey Wells, who has since peti- 
tioned the court to be discharged. To date Mr. Wells 

has collected about $15,500. 

* * * 

W. S. Sheldon, recently appointed to succeed A. W. 
Nyblom as underwriter for the Pacific National Fire of 
Sacramento, was formerly a special agent in California 
for the companies represented by the Selbach & Deans 
general agency at San Francisco. 

Charles R. Watscn, who recently came to California 
from Texas, has been engaged as special agent in Cali- 
fornia by the Republic Underwriters. His headquar- 
ters will be at San Francisco. 

* * * 

Griffith R. Williams has given up his practice as an 
attorney in San Francisco to accept an appointment as 
claims agent in the San Francisco office of the Ocean 
Accident and Guarantee. Manager Richard J. Bond has 
recently moved the office of the company to the mezza- 
nine floor of the Insurance Exchange. 

* * * 

A new edition of the Fireman's Fund Automobile 
Tour Book of California is off the press and ready for 
distribution among the patrons of the company. 

A committee of eleven has been appointed by the 
Pacific Board to revise the constitution and rules and 
report back to that body any suggestions that may meet 
with its approval. 

* * * 

Offices for Southern California have been opened by 
the Insurance Federation in the Citizen's Bank Build- 
ing, Los Angeles, with Will H. Fisher in charge. 

* * % 

Grain fires continue to be of unusual frequency 

throughout the State. Already all possibility of profits from 
this class of business appear to have been wiped out despite 
the large quantities of immature growing grain that have been 
cut for hay. 

* • • 

What is believed to be two attempts to burn buildings at 
Modesto and Vallejo, Cal., are being investigated by the au- 

* » * 

A forest fire at Soda Creek has already destroyed four hun- 
dred acres of fine timber, and is still burning with unabated 

* * » 

The Public Safety Committee, of which Councilman Brain 
is chairman, will recommend suspension of the rules and the im- 
mediate passage of the proposed ordinances creating a bureau 
of fire prevention and public safety in the fire department at 
Los Angeles. 

* ■■■- * 

Owing to friction with Secretary E. C. Mohrhardt, C. T. 
Manwarring, who has filled the office of assistant secretary of 
the Board of Fire Underwriters of the Pacific for some time, 
has sent in his resignation. No action by the board has yet 
been taken. 

and Other Foods 

There's food value in beer — as well as beverage enjoy- 
ment. A bottle of Budweiser may not be offered as a 
complete meal — but it has its place in the meal compar- 
able to bread, milk or any other of the dishes or drinks 
that are part of the well-balanced lunch or dinner. 

The alcohol in beer (a small percentage) has its tonic 
value and its use as an appetizer. The hops have a 
nerve-soothing value. The malt not only has food value, 
but is, of all foods, one of the most quickly and easily 
turned by digestion into nourishment. By its very 
nature beer is especially thirst-satisfying. 

Here are Two Little Charts 

that show graphically and in figures comparisons be- 
tween beer and other beverages and beer and other foods: 

Comparative Nutri- 
tious Extract Content 

Comparative Alcohol Content 


Rhine Wine 






Average Composition cf ! Bread 





Carbohydrates - - - - 52.0% 





Protein j 7.0% 





Fat 0.40% 




Mineral Substances - - J 1.0% 




Alcohol by weight - - 1 none 

none | 3.75% 

8.0% 1 40.0% 

When you think of beer for your table, of course you'll 
settle on Budweiser. 

Hi, III i/ al the Brewery 


Tillmann & Bendel 
and Anheuser-Busch Agency 

Distributors SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

The Connecticut Fire Ins. Co. 




The Insurance Exchange, San Francisco 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager 

The Home Insurance Company 

Organized 1853 Cash Capital, $6,000,000 

Insurance on personal effects of tourists and temporary sojourners any- 
where in United States, Canada and Mexico. Insurance against loss by 
fire. Automobile insurance. Indemnity for loss of rental income by fire. 
H L. ROFF. General Agent. J. J. SHEAHAN. Ass't General Agent 

333 California Street. 




Fireman's Fund Insurance Co. 

Capital S1.5OO.O0O Assets, $11,326,205 







Fast Electric Trains Direct to Marysville, 
Colusa, Oroville, Chico— Observation Cars 


Phone Sutter 2339 
San Francisco Depot--- Key Route Ferry 



Mayerle's New Double VisionGlasses 

k\\\!!i///// Combine both reading and distance corrections i 

I'L ' ' y lotis — liiivo no uttl.v seaniB-ilitTi'iii u voiding the annoy- 

)_ j ■ "--_, 11 lire i if i ■ 1 1 ; i m '_;■ i ny, :■■ I ; I ■■■ - • ■ .- v\ lirn \n|] \\ i-li In g.-i- |';i I • -V Ut-.w. 

The Prong Grip Eyeglass Guards 

are Invented, Patenteri and 

Owned by George Mayerle 

Two gold medals and diplomas of honor awarded al 
California Industrial Exposition George Mayerle graduate optometri&l and 

optician, established twentj years, H6(J Market Ftrwt, Ban Ft s< o Mayerle 

eyewater freshens and strengthens tl yes, .u druggists im cents by mail 

R5 cents, 


City Index and Purchasers' Guide 


Dr. R. T. Leaner, Surgeon Chiropodist, formerly of 6 Geary street 

removes corns entirely whole— painless — without knife. Bunions and in 

growing nails cured bv a special and painless treatment. 212-214 West 

bank Bldg.. 830 Market St. Tel. Kearny 3578. 

Martin Aronsohn, Notary Public and Pension Attorney. All legal 
papers drawn up accurately. 217 Montgomery St.. above Bush, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal, Phone Douglas 601. 

Samuel IM. Shortrldge, Chronicle Building. San Fran- 
cisco. Tel. Sutter 36. 

R. H. PEVSE. President 589-591-593 Markel Street 

The best and 


Garden Hose 

Guaranteed to 

stand 700 lbs. 


San Francisco 


" Ho 

il Popi 


sw aj 





530-534 FOLSOM 


Phone Sutter 










- 13,000,000.00 

- 17,500,000.00 


J. RUSSELL FRENCH, General Manager 

314 BRANCHES and AGENCIES in the Australian States. New Zealand. 
Fiji. Papua, (New Guinea), and London. The Bank transacts every 
description of Australian Banking Business. Wool and other Produce 
Credits Arranged. 

Head Office: London Office: 


Paid-up Capital 

Reserve Fund 

Reserve Liability uf 

Aggregate Assets 
Slst March 1915 


Paid-up Capital $15,000,000 

Reserve Fund 13,500,000 


JOHN AIRD General Mansg r . 

H. V. F. JONES Assistant General Manager I Aggregate Resource 

London Office, 2 Lombard Street, E. C. 

New York Office, 16 Exchange Place 

Branches in all parts of Canada, including Yukon Territory 

and at Seattle, Wash., Portland, Ore., and Mexico City 

All Kinds of Commercial Banking Transacted 
Bruce Heathcote, Manager 
A. A. Wilson, Assistant Manager 

The Anglo & London Paris National Bank 


Pnid-Up Capital $4,000,000 

Surplus and Undivided 



Chairman of the Board 
WASHINGTON DOnOE Vice-President 

1 mikDUNDKR 
i' y hint 

li 1'AliKER 



I lee Pn ■ [den 

Assistant Canliier 
At-Nihiaiit Cashier 

i. in. 

it Ca.hiai 
Secret* rf 

*& e German Savings & Loan Society 

Savings Incorporated 186S Commercial 

526 California Street San Francisco, Cal. 

(Member ol the Associated Savings Banks "f San Francisco) 
The folli . mches for Receipt and Payment of Deposits only: 

MISSION BRANCH, S. E. Corner Mission and 21st Streets 
RICHMOND DIST. BRANCH, S.W. Cor. Clement and 7th Ave. 
HAIGHT ST. BRANCH, S. W. Cor. Haight and Belvedere 

DECEMBER 31st. 1915: 

Assets $61,849,662.02 

Deposits 58,840.699.38 

Capital actually paid up in Cash 1,000,000.00 

Reserve and Contingent Funcs 2,008,962.64 

Employees' Pension Fund 211.238.93 

Number of Depositors 67,406 

Office Hours: 10 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock P. M., except Saturdays to 12 
o'clock M. and Saturdiy evenings from 6 o'clock P. M. to 8 o'clock P. M. 
for receipt of deposits only. 

For the 6 month? ending :lst. 1015, a dividend to depositors of 

4 per cent per annum was declared. 

Tel. Kearny 1461 

Private Exchange Connecting all Warehouses 


Warehousemen Forwarding Agent* Distributors Public Weighers 

Spur Track Connection with all Railroads 

Main Office — 625-647 Third St.. San Francisco. Cal. 

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Devoted to the Leading Interests of California and the Pacific Coast. 

Vol. xcn 

San Francisco, Cal., Saturday, July 8, 1916 

No. 2 

TISER is printed and published every Saturday by the Proprietor. Fred- 
erick Marriott, 21 Sutter street, San Francisco. Cal. Tel. Kearny 3594. 
Entered at San Francisco. Cal., Post-office as second-class mail matter. 

London Office— George Street & Co.. 30 Cornhill. E. C, England. 

Matter intended for publication in the current number of the SAN 
be sent to the office not later than 5 p. m. Wednesday. 

Subscription Rates (including postage) — I year, $4.00; 6 months. $2.25. 
Foreign — 1 year, $6.00; 6 months. $3.25. 

England seems at last to have got through her muddling 


The birth rate in California is increasing. Multiplication 

ousting subtraction. 

It has quit raining in Oregon. Cloudbursts are the fash- 
ion now in Northern weather circles. 

The government's censorship on war news should be sup- 
plemented by a censorship on silly war rumors. 

The vote of the jitney drivers looms larger before the 

city officials than does the safety of the public. 

Fifteen million men are battling in Europe. The great- 
est example of misguided energy that the world has ever seen. 

Francis J. Heney is out for Wilson. Even the Presi- 
dent's worst enemies will acknowledge that he doesn't deserve 
this blow. 

Several guardsmen in the mobilization camp at Sac- 
ramento have gone insane. Another argument for the pacific- 

It is recorded in the news of the day that a man who went 

to sleep in Golden Gate Park was bitten by a squirrel. A real 

Dr. David Starr Jordan characterizes the trouble in 

Mexico as merely a soldiers' row. Thank the Lord, there is 
but one Jordan. 

Some of the border scraps that are played up with big 

headlines in the newspapers are about as exciting as a Saturday 
night on the Barbary Coast. 

We who are able to look a long way back cannot help 

feeling that the old, insane way of celebrating the Fourth of 
July beat the safety-first idea. 

Roosevelt wants to go rough riding again. It is a long 

time since he shot a Spaniard in the back, and to pot a fleeing 
Mexican would be just as much fun. 

Max Nordau predicts revolution in Europe after the war 

is over. Well, just plain revolution will be a relief after the 
condition of anarchy that now prevails. 

"Body Found Hanging in Berkeley Hills," says a news- 
paper headline, while it is announced in a rival sheet that it 
was found hanging in a tree. No wonder that people doubt 
the accuracy of the press. 

The jingoes cannot comprehend the Woodrow Wilson 

type of mind. But there are in the United States plenty who 
can — enough to give him a safe majority in November. 

Twenty-four auto drivers who failed to toot their horns 

at a dangerous curve in San Mateo County were fined $5 each. 
That should make any old curve look dangerous to them. 

The British are said to have been firing a million 

shells a day into the German ranks last week. The war corre- 
spondent has a shuddery horror of any figure below a million. 

Opponents of the scheme to bridge San Francisco Bay 

want to put a tunnel between San Francisco and Oakland. Which 
reminds us — What became of the aeroplane service we were to 
have ? 

■ A resume of the country's financial condition shows that 

the United States has the biggest balance on hand in eight 
years. The Democrats will lay it to wise administration — the 
Republicans to war time prosperity. 

Fortune-tellers in London have been fined for making 

predictions about the war. If some method of suppressing the 
war prophets in our own country could be found, a great sigh 
of relief would go up from a weary public. 

This thing of Taft and Roosevelt burying the hatchet 

would be all right were it not for the fact that Teddy could not 
be depended upon to leave it in its grave if he saw a chance to 
deliver a good whack at his ancient enemy. 

San Francisco girl offers her services as an aviatrix to 

the United States. Wants to be a war scout. Of course gallant 
Uncle Sam couldn't let a girl risk her life in that way — but she 
got her picture in the paper, which helps some. 

Martine of New Jersey has introduced a resolution in the 

United States Senate asking the President to intercede with 
Great Britain in behalf of Sir Roger Casement. It is a weird 
and peculiar type of mind that inspires such impertinence. 

-Oakland labor unions protested to the city against a 

detail of policemen being kept in a lumber yard because the act 
was discrimination. Of course — discrimination against thugs 
who wanted the coast clear that they might beat strike-breakers. 

In Russia, the anti-vodka ukase has been followed by an 

increase in drunkenness, and innumerable deaths from drinking 
wood alcohol, furniture polish and eau de cologne. That makes 
thinking people pause — but the prohibitionist, not being in the 
thinking class, goes right on with his mad propaganda. 

The promoters of the State Fair are rejoicing over the 

fact that "if" President Wilson comes to California this fall, 
and "if" he is here while the fair is in session, he will speak 
there "if" other engagements do not prevent. Which reminds 
one of the old bit of nonsense, "If I had some ham I'd fry some 
ham and eggs if I had some eggs." 


Labor's Attack on Local 

It is a paradox of the indus- 
trial and business situation in 
the West, where trade is at a 
fairly low ebb, that the labor 
trades should initiate a cam- 
paign of strikes for higher 
wages because their fellow 
unionists in the East are con- 
ducting a Napoleonic cam- 
paign in extent there under the 
booming impulse given muni- 
tion plants, food products, mo- 
tor vehicles and other supplies 
ordered at high prices by the 
omniverous god of war in Eu- 
rope. This extraordinary de- 
mand of products used in war 
has hardly touched the border 
of the Pacific States. "Strike" 
orders are in the air, and labor 
has seized the occasion to 
capture another trench in its 
contest with capital. Local 
painters work five days per 
week, and now get $1 per day 
more than formerly. This suc- 
cess has stimulated other un- 
ions to make like demands. The stiffest defense in these at- 
tacks is being made by the shipowners of the Coast. The 
Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco, Oakland, and, it is 
reported, Seattle also, are strongly backing the shippers in their 
contention. From their point of view, they must prevail in 
order to preserve the shipping business of the Coast. Local 
union longshoremen flatly refuse to handle freight on incoming 
vessels that have been loaded by non-union men. Non-union 
men and owners of vessels who have volunteered to load the 
ships are being badly beaten up in the melee. Several of the 
strikers have been wounded. The object of the strikers, of 
course, is to extend the power of unionism and place their or- 
ganization in the position of dictator. Such a change, of course, 
would place deep water transportation at labor's mercy, a con- 
dition destructive to free trade and to the rights of property. 
American trade has already been reduced to a deplorable con- 
dition on the Pacific Coast by reason of the Seamen's bill, 
which has practically transferred the carrying trade of the 
Pacific into the hands of th-? Japanese. This present raid of 
labor on local shipping interests is another stab at a commer- 
cial calling vital to the general success and development of the 
Pacific States. 


Despite the determined efforts of 
the aristocrats and allied selfish 
parties in Mexico to crush the Car- 
ranza de factor government through 
baiting the United States to intervene, the only sane course for 
the Washington administration to take is along peace lines. 
The depredations of Villa and other bandits have been widely 
romanced by the daily papers of this country that are serving 
the interests of certain corporations bent on eventually exploit- 
ing the resources of Mexico. The internicine guerilla war of 
the past five years have literally ground the common people into 
the dirt. Newspaper owners along the Rio Grande report that 
the lower classes of the population are literally exhausted 
through starvation. On the face of the situation, what a farce 
it would be to make war on Mexico, which has neither arms, 
ammunition and foodstuffs, and literally would be helpless to 
obtain anything if cut off from communication with the United 
States. In fact, no harder blow of its kind could be dealt 
Mexico by this country than by declaring an embargo against 

The deployment of the militia of our States along the Rio 
Grande affords an excellent opportunity for the belligerants 
on this side of the border to blow off a little patriotic steam. 

But a month in the stifling 
heat of the Rio Grande will sap 
all the warphobia in their sys- 
tems, and they will return 
home very much wiser to the 
demands of war and war guff. 
A chastened liver is a wise 

Carranza is the instrument 
that should bring about con- 
certed peace in Mexico; his 
work is most difficult. The 
several parties there antago- 
nistic to him and his aims are 
persistent in undermining his 
plans. His strongest enemy 
is perhaps the clerical party, 
and anybody acquainted with 
South American history knows 
how desperate such a contest 
is. The fighting is likely to 
continue along the present 
lines for some time. More 
persistent efforts will be made 
to drag the United States into 
this mudhole, a mess not of 
our concern. The course be- 
ing pursued by Wilson is the 
.-.,,., , . on ly safe, sane and honest at- 

titude to take, and Americans should support him. 


— Donahey in Cleveland Plain Dealer 


Mexico and the 
Militia Picnic. 

The present concerted, strong 
the Squeeze, drive of the entente nations 
„ , against the Germans, Austrians, 

lurks and Bulgarians indicates that the long expected 
"squeeze' on the central nations has begun, and that the war 
chests and ammunition plants of England and France are rising 
to speak the final words in this disastrous conflict. When the 
late Lord Kitchener announced that the war would not end with- 
in three years, he very likely based his forecast on the fact that 
England and France were far behind Germany in stores of ready 
ammunition, and that it would require at least two years to catch 
up with her. That situation was affirmed this week by a British 
statesman, who, commenting on the capture of a wide radius of 
German trenches by the Canadians, remarked : "It took us two 
years of gathering ammunition to overtake the Germans, who 
had been accumulating their supplies for this war during forty 

Two hard facts stand out in the present situation along the 
lines of defiant trenches. The inability of the Germans to cap- 
ture Verdun and the apparent ease with which the Germans and 
Austrians are being driven back from their outer line of trenches 
by the Russians, British and French. The capture of Verdun 
would prove naught to the Germans, as an advance position, for 
long ago the French constructed another Verdun fort several 
miles in the rear, and the same problem would have confronted 
any German advance. 

Perhaps greater in effect than the capture of territory by 
entente forces will be the exhilarant morale throbbing in the 
exultant victors. They have been patiently restrained for three 
years, and now for them patriotic enthusiasm will carry many 
a defended trench. Confidence and increasing victory inspires 
a vital force that sweeps aside opposition. Naturally, the Ger- 
mans will put up a stiffer defense as their circles of trenches 
are squeezed, but the present drives, if successful, eventually 
will wear down the morale of the Germans. Especially will 
this be illustrated while the Germans are fighting on the for- 
eign ground they now hold. On their own soil they will natu- 
rally stiffen in defense. Germany sought war, and now for 
the first time in one hundred years she will likely realize again 
what it means for foreign soldiers to trample her soil and blaze 
'.heir way through her cities. The willful destruction of Bel- 
gium and the loot of prostrate Alsace and Lorraine will be 
brought home to her in replica. 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


effect. Naturally the fined men are kicking, even if they are 
motorists. In local orchestras a musician gets $5 for blowing 
his horn to while away insufferable acts. Where does the man 
who hasn't any horn get off, unless it is on the horns of a 

Francis Heney announced this week that he would ac- 
tively support President Wilson and his policies and not follow 
Roosevelt and other Progressives into the Hughes camp. He 
regards the nomination of Hughes as the fruition of the politi- 
cal corruption which was successfully practiced so malodorously 
by the stalwarts of the credentials committee of the Republican 
National Committee four years ago. Heney is right in this 
statement. Roosevelt, though he revolted, as did every man of 
fairness, against the steam roller practice of the Committee on 
Credentials in 1914, ate crow this year and delivered himself, 
breeches, reputation and conscience, into the hands of his for- 
mer enemies. They have completely tamed the old-time Roose- 
velt, and henceforth he will be used as a hack to bring in the 
Progressive vote. The leading planks of the Progressive move- 
ment have already been incorporated into the Democratic plat- 
iorm, thus offering a footing to Heney and his fellow Pro- 

Villa must be laughing up his sleeve at all the fuss he 

has stirred up on the continent and in the fuss budget articles in 
the dailies that lampoon the intelligence of the men who write 
them. His great problem now in the picnic he is having while 
hiding, or rather sojourning in the recesses of Middle Mexico is 
the contest with obesity. No matter where he goes, Villa is 
the sort of a chap that must have a contest on of some kind; or 
ne would become stale, mentally, physically and pugnaciously. 
Wherefore Villa has resorted to the rolling system to reduce 
his adipose. Villa used to shoot off the adipose of prisoners 
in his camp with Gatling guns, but he playfully disregards this 
method in treating himself. Since our special correspondent in 
Villa's camp has become acquainted with the bandit he re- 
gards that scamp as a joke. The people in the U. S. A. would 
do better and feel better if they regarded this newspaper 
boosted bandit in the same light. 

The News Letter's pet soothsayer has just turned in a 

forecast that Mayor Rolph has set his lustrous eyes and flam- 
buoyant ambition on being the next president of the United 
States. We don't know on what grounds she based her per- 
diction, but it was evidently on the fact that the Mayor and his 
son, both rigged from head to heel in full regalia of the up-to- 
date cowboy-rough rider-Buffalo Bill get up and git, headed the 
annual grand cowboy round-up festival in San Jose. Teddy 
Roosevelt, emerging from his great world wide lion hunt in 
Africa, and heading for the limelight of the presidental election, 
never did anything so bravura as Mayor Rolph did in this, his 
first essay to take the higher hurdles in politics. "Honest Jim" 
is "a foolin' " them. He's really not after the presidency; but 
keep your eyes on a cowboy runner up when the pistol cracks 
for the race to the next Governor's chair in this State. 

One of the tobacco trust magnates smokes cigars that 

cost four cents each. Naturally, he is a wizard of wisdom. To 
liim comes that blessed benediction: "To him that rath shall 
be given, and to him that hath not shall be taken away " To 
him also comes the annunciation that cigar box labels and 
stamps are as veneer to the wise, and that four cent cioars feeds 
introspection and ornaments the phiz as satisfactory as its 
tv enty-five cent double with its more attractive lithograph 
label. His system of advertising may not be accumulating 
eight per cent mortgages in heaven, but he certainly is piling 
up a bank account on this earth by his brave show of smoking 
"four centers." For, look you, he carefully encircles these four 
cent cigars with the regular twenty-five cent labels of the trust, 
and thereby advertises to his friends that he pushes popularity 
by smoking the real thing. 

How inconsistent we mortals are. It is considered in- 
decorous for a man to blow his own horn in public, yet in San 
Mateo County a man who does not blow his horn in negotiating 
distances in that neck of the woods is fined $5 for wholesome 


Alexei Alexeievitch Brusiloff was born nearer sixty than 
fifty years ago, in the Russian Caucasus, in the little, semi-Ori- 
ental city of Kutais, which lies about half way between Poti, 
the Black Sea port, and the icy summit of Kazbek. 

The Brusiloff family has supplied famous generals to the 
aimy for many generations. As a subaltern, Alexei Brusiloff 
entered thoroughly into the daring and adventurous life which 
was traditional with regiments quartered in the Caucasus, in 
the midst of some of the wildest, most warlike tribes on earth; 
the life that both Lermontoff and Tolstoy have depicted; he 
had a heart for every adventure, but, most of all, perhaps, 
loved the wild and rather perilous boar and bear hunts in the 
mountain forests, which are a part of the regular training of 
officers and men stationed there. Alexei Brusiloff earned a 
reputation as one of the best riders in that whole region, whe- 
ther after hounds or in regimental steeple chases. 

Though taking part in the war with Turkey on this front, 
Alexei Brusiloff saw little or no actual fighting, but, after the 
war, when the Grand Duke Nicholas the elder undertook to re- 
organize the famous Cavalry School for Officers at Petrograd, 
which had been founded by his uncle, the Emperor Alexander 
I., he chose to head the school Col. Vladimir Sukhomlinoff 
(later to be war minister), and Sukhomlinoff in his turn chose 
as his right-hand man the brilliant young cavalry officer who 
had the name of being the best horseman in the whole of the 
hard-riding Caucasus, Alexei Brusiloff. 

Alexei Brusiloff rose steadily until he came to command a 
section of the Cavalry Guard, which is the corps d'elite of the 
Russian army. He had developed the theory, then novel in 
Russia, that the training of an officer in time of peace should 
conform as closely as possible to the conditions of war, and he 
put his theory into practice, demanding from the officers under 
him very rigorous tests in the way of horsemanship, including 
long, hard, cross-country rides at night and in bad weather. 

There were remonstrances from mothers of darling sons 
threatened with pneumonia and broken necks; and these re- 
monstrances, carried to court, made their way at last to the 
Emperor. At a court function he took Alexei Brusiloff to task. 
Brusiloff answered: "Very good, your majesty. I will discon- 
tinue the rides if you will guarantee that the enemy will attack 
us only in sunshine!" I wonder, by the way, whether this has 
been told of Caesar or Hannibal ? It has, indeed, a touch of 
solar myth; nonetheless it is quite authentic. 

Brusiloff saw no service in the war with Japan. He was one 
of a group of able, trusted commanders who remained in Eu- 
rope, in case Russia's neighbors to the west might feel inclined 
to take advantage of her Manchurian difficulties. This they did, 
in fact three years later, when Austria annexed Bosnia-Herze- 
govina and Kaiser Wilhelm "stood by his ally in shining ar- 
mor." To that incident the present war is directly due. The 
impression made by Austria s thus turning the Berlin treaty 
into a "scrap of paper" sank deep into many Russian minds; 
among others, into the mind of General Brusiloff who thence- 
forth began to look forward tc inevitable war. 

These summer days call for the best delicacies of the 

season to tickle the palate. Jules, the famous caterer at 675 
Market street, makes a specialty of these viands. Special 
luncheons, 40 cents. French dinner with wine, a la carte ser- 
vice, 75 cents. Dancing and music. 

Physicians buuinUiKy Medicine. Murine is Still 
Compounded by Our Physicians and guaranteed by them 
as a reliable relief for Eyes that Need ("are. Try it in your 
in Baby's Eyes — No Smarting— Just Eye Comfort. 

Buy Mmrino of roar Drwtfiit — accept no Sabifitulc. 
and if tntt'<ifd writ* for Book of thm £y« FREE 

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San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 



"Obey no wand but Pleasure's." — Tom Moore. 


The Ex-Leading Lady Exposes My Ignorance 

By Henry McDonald Spencer 

"Say, listen!" said the Ex-Leading Lady, as she settled her 
well nourished frame luxuriously in two theatre seats, leaving 
me a scant six inches of space in which to dispose of myself. 

She then — performer like — glanced around to size up the 
audience, and also to catch any stray glances in her direction, 
which would be returned if she thought that I was not looking — 
and I never lcok. 

Incidentally, I may remark that in public she always ad- 
dresses me as if my first name were "Say." 

"My dear," I replied from my demi pied du terre, "how often 
have I tried to impress on you the superfluity, not to say the 
futility, of the preliminary 'listen'? Furthermore, its constant 
use is by way of being selfish, as it unduly holds your auditor's 
attention. It is like firing off a pistol to attract a hearing for 
your forthcoming remark." 

Then she came back with another : " 'Say,' you poor gnat, you 
are using blonde conversation in a brunette house; you must 
think you are talking to some one else." 

"It's horse and horse, and your throw," I managed to retort. 

"Where did you get that stuff you wrote last week about the 
xylophonist at the Orpheum being a poor act? Don't you know 
that he is the very soul of music?" 

"No," I said, humbly, "I thought that the 'sole' of music was 
a clog dance." 

Scornfully she handed me: "What's the big idea? Do you 
think you are doing a patter act on the stage with me for the 
goat? Anyway, you don't know anything about music and you 
have no right to sting a musician." 

"But," I defended myself, "you see my column expresses my 
personal reactions at the theatre, and is designed primarily for 
the entertainment of the reader and not for information. I am 
not compiling a kind of catalogue — a Baedeker guide to the 
stage, as it were. Besides, I do not regard a xylophonist as a 
musician, but as private secretary to a lot of noise." 

Just then the curtain rolled up, and she turned her really 
lovely, long-lashed eyes to me with a look of supreme con- 
tempt — as if I were a waiter who had twisted her order and 
fetched her rye instead of Irish — and then she sniffed — audibly 

"Where Are My Children?" at Orpheum 

Last year at the Exposition I saw Kohlemaimen, the wonder- 
ful little Finn distance runner and a world's champion, finish 
a five mile race in almost record time, but with hardly a trace 
of moisture on his face; and I have seen Jim Corbett box twenty 
fast rounds without almost literally turning a hair; and then 
at the Orpheum I saw Libonita, after a scant three rounds at 
the xylophone, exude rivers of perspiration. In fact, so fasci- 
nated were the Ex-Leading Lady and I — the fascination of the 
perverse — that we hardly heard the "music." However, Mr. Li- 
bonita brought down the house and received the applause of 
the afternoon. Why doesn't he keep a towel in the wings? 
So much for my opinion as expressed in this column last week. 

It is almost a pity that McLallen and Carson open the bill, 
as they were the most attractive among the newcomers. Their 
roller skating was as swift and graceful an exhibition as can 
be put on the stage, and May Carson is a sweet and lovable 
looking young lady. This, again, is that mysterious thing 
which is true vaudeville. 

"Where are My Children?" might well be the title of Edna 
Brothers & Co.'s offering, but which instead was called "What 
Might Have Beens." But I am still in a daze as to how the 

thing ever passed a booking agency, let alone get on the cir- 
cuit. I can only add that I never saw a stage presentation that 
was less of a play, and I never read even a closet drama that 
was less of a drama. It was intended for a serious piece, but 
there was not the slightest "friction," as the dramatic writers 
call it, anywhere developed; and regardless of any other attri- 
bute, there is no play unless there is a contest of some kind. 
Had the wife opposed having children, or had the husband been 
unwilling to see his wife sacrificed on their account; and had 
the dream children arrived and convinced the unwilling party — 
there would have been drama. Commonplace enough, perhaps, 
but, nevertheless, drama. Although now that I come to think 
of it, I have never seen the theme developed. In this instance, 
however, both husband and wife were in perfect accord, and 
they were not even contesting against fate as in the Greek 
drama ; for they had been married ten years, and I suppose had 
accepted their lot. 

Of the other newcomers, Irene Bordini, assisted by Melville 
Ellis, are perhaps the most important — on the salary roll at 
least. Miss Irene — I refuse to give foreign performers the 
prefixes of their own language ; can you imagine a French critic 
leferring to one of our people as "Mr." or "Mrs.?" — -Miss Irene 
is a kind of pocket edition of Fritzi Scheff, though she lacks 
the voice and perhaps the manner, but at that the young lady 
from France — is it France or Italy? — has a very attractive 
personality, and is as pretty as a French post card, and believe 
me, they are pretty. The list was completed by Murray Ben- 
nett, who I fancy would be a great favorite at an Elks' enter- 
tainment, but seemed a little thin on the big stage; that is, his 
work was lacking in pith. 

Tighe and Jason held over, and were as entertaining as at 
first, but before I close, I cannot refrain from mentioning the 
Clark and Hamilton skit. Clark is, I think, the most accom- 
plished josh comedian on our stage, a master of that indescrib- 
able fooling. He is the whole act, excepting for Miss Hamil- 
ton's legs, which are very pretty indeed. Apropos of my sug- 
gestion last week, I observe that he cut the Japanese scene at 
the end, and which was out of the picture. Still, I think that 
his performance could be still further improved if there was 
better showmanship. His own work could not be improved. 

At Pantages — The Psychology of a Female Impersonator 

It would be interesting to know exactly how far the feminine 
side of a female impersonator's nature is responsible for his 
love of decorative art and the arts of bodily expression — plac- 
tic posing and the like. In any event there is no woman on the 
stage who can make as picturesque and effective appearance 
as Bothwell Browne, playing this week at Pantages in a dance 
spectacle of his own devising, called "Cleopatra." 

The act opens with the usual dancing girls and he-slave, and 
then to a carefully prepared and led-up-to entrance, an inner 
curtain is parted, discloing Egypt sitting on a raised throne. 
After some pantomime disclosing the death of Antony — pre- 
sumably — Cleopatra gives her dance of death, and in this, as 
well as in his extraordinarily effective draperies, Browne shows 
consummate mastery of his means of expression. The sinuous 
effect of the long, clinging green robe is striking to a degree, 
and if one can sit back and think only of the thing as a work 
of art, and that like a work of art it should be sexless, the 
aesthetic emotions are most pleasurably stimulated — and after 
all, that is the purpose of art. 

I cannot agree with Mr. Browne, however, in his realistic 

July 8, 1916 

and Calif orn a Advertiser 

method of introducing a live snake in his dance. The 
essence of art is suggestion, not statement. It is not 
nature, but the impression of nature, and I believe 
that the idea of the snake could be conveyed more 
subtly but just as effectively without the presence of 
the reptile. The setting and ensemble were all of 
the very highest aesthetic value. 

As reminiscent of the days when ballplayers wore 
mutton-chop whiskers (fancy one doing so now?); 
and driving fast trotting horses in the park speedway 
was the chief outdoor sport of San Francisco's 
wealthy men, there is produced a melodrama called 
''The Heart of Chicago," with a real train tooting 
down the track and the devoted wife just flagging it 
in time to prevent disaster. This curious old revival 
of the pre-Morosco period is interesting as a relic 
only, and represents the theatric pole opposite to 
Bothwell Browne's highly artistic production. 

"Walking the Dawg" doubtless is interesting 
enough to the performers, though I must confess that, 
as a stage performance, ballroom dance steps are 
about as exciting to me as watching some one blow 
his nose. The rest of the performance contained 
nothing of especial note, but do not miss the Both- 
well Browne act this week. 

Advance Notices 

Columbia Theatre — The Henry Miller season at the Colum- 
bia Theatre will be Inaugurated Monday night, July 10th, 
when ;l representative San Francisco audience will be, 1 on hand 
to greet their favorites who will appear here during the spe- 
cial engagement. The advance sale of seats has been unusu- 
ally heavy, and is evidence of the popularity of the organiza- 
tion which Mr. Miller has brought together. Mr. Miller, in 
selecting the opening play of the season decided upon Hubert 
Henry Davies' brilliant comedy in three acts. "The Mollusc," 
which theatre-goers recognize as one of the most decided of 
international successes. It has never been seen in San Fran- 
cisco, although we have been promised it on two former oc< b 
sions. but through unforseen circumstances theatre-goers 
here did not have the pleasure of enjoying Davies' remarkably 
Fine work. Mr. Miller has arranged to prtcede "The Mollusc" 
with a one-act play called "A Golden Night." In which Mrs. 
Thomas Whiffen, John Flndley and others will appear. The 
Miller organization for the Columbia Theatre season Includes 

Ruth Chatterfon, Bruce McRae, 1 1 iida Spong, Mrs, Th as 

Whiffen. Alice L-indahl, Charles Trowbridge, Walter Con 

nolly, Margaret St. John. Mrs, Charles Craig, Gladys Will 

and w. ii. Same, it is Mr. Miller's intention to give one or 

tw ted revivals during his Btay, as well as thi i 

out of the hands of u number of well-known playwrights. Matinees will 
be given on Wednesdays and Saturdays. 

• • • 

Orpheum — Next week win witness the present great- 

Bat bill. Theodore ECosloff, premier danseur <>f thi Russian Ballet 

of Moscow and Petrograd, with Vlasts Maslova and a comps 
from tii.> Imperial Russle n ballet, will pri rent the finest program of dances 
evei witnessed In vaudeville. KoalofT has had seen* painters work out 
Leon Bakst's rj scenery, and the result is a parte 

of ii"' most striking of this revolutionary artist's conceptions yel shown 
in this country. ECoslofl also brings with him his own fan 

Orchestra. He has just concluded B triumphal season of four v 

Un Palace Theatre, New York, 1 >ave Kramer and Qeorge Norfc 
excellence as Black Pact ; ■ ins, win Illustrate the p. 

the neg ■ ■ In a laughabl Rfl 

skit. Consul, the 

from London, whore they have ,i"st closed a lengthy 
tnent. These monkeys, besides roller skating, bicycle rid 
J and realistic pantomli 

Theodore Koslofr and Vlasta Maslova, premier dancers of the 
Russian 8allet, next week at the Orpheum 


I in a thoi 

ollet, In which Up rouge, 
puff, mirror and all of milady's pri 

ted for i he 
this attraction In order that the children may enjoy It durtr 
Uon. Melville Bills will perform nei id Irene 

Bordlni will sine entirely n<u songs. Murray Bennetl 
Edna Brothei In "The Might n Jack Mc- 

roller skat* ■■ ill also 

lie Included In this bill. Uon will be the 

: rn girl, wh 

only female b the world. She sings the f" 1 


Pantages Theatre 

"II tin* 

Preparedness - 

For the afternoon Guest. 
There is peace and con- 
tentment when you serve 


■ IUJ 



Awarded Gold Medal— Highest Honor 
— San Francisco. 1915 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 


Blown mist shrouding the heather, where rarely a sun-ray 

smiles ; 
The wild, bleak, windy weather over the Orkney Isles; 
The mournful curlews crying, then sudden the deep sea doom 
For the last great man of a fighting clan, for Kitchener of 

Khartum ! 

Call the roll from the Black Prince down of many a valiant son, 
Marlborough, Cromwell, who spurned a crown, and Wolfe and 

Wellington ; 
Lucknow's hero, brave of the brave, yet still there will be room 
For him whose grave is the green sea wave, for Kitchener of 


Tears, ye whose sires were Saxons, and ye whose sires were 

And ye who feel the Norman blood pulse hot within your veins ! 
For where — where is another knight of the peerless plume 
Shall lead ye in your hour of need like Kitchener of Khartum! 

— Clinton Scollard. 

The report of The Crocker National Bank to the call of 

the Comptroller of the Treasury as of June 30th shows a very 
encouraging increase. June 30th loans and discounts totaled 
$17,578,722, vs. $15,472,115 December 31, 1915. Cash and 
sight exchange, $15,552,087 on June 30th vs. $16,404,787 De- 
cember 31st last. Deposit? $29,212,972, June 30th, vs. $28,252,- 
623 December 31st. Resources $37,416,921, June 30th, vs. $35,- 
769,954 December 31st last. 

;iri show which starts al the Pantagos next Sunday afternoon. This is 
the act that Alexander Vantages arranged for a vaudeville tour of his 
circuit two years ago. and tin success of the little folks has been phe- 
nomenal since that time. The Sully Family, formerly known as the 
"l-'iv.' Sullys," will return with a new version of their delightful concoe- 
ti©n styled "The information Bureau." Harry Jolson. a brother of Al. Jol- 
..■ii. but who does not use the name in big type, has the family manner- 
isms in singing, dancing and spinning yarns, and while not getting 
princely salary as his famous brother Many, is doiny: nicely on the 
Vantages time. Havilanci and Thornton have a charming little talking 

skit titled "Insurance;" Fiddes and S*wain will indulge in swagger pi: 

i high class singing selections: Ffanlon and Hanlon have an odd acro- 
batic comedy act; an aggregation of Lilliputians, and tie? seventeenth 
episode of "The Iron Claw." and tiie newest edition of "Rube" Gold- 
berg's "Eoid, Weekly," are other pleasing features. 

* t • 

Nen> Symphony Orchestra Being Organized- — Mr. William 
Sproule, president of the Musical Association of San Francisco, 
announces that it has been decided by the board of governors 
of the Musical Assocaition of San Francisco to proceed at once 
to organize the Symphony Orchestra upon the basis of a per- 
manent musical organization to give symphony concerts of the 
highest class. In addition, the association intends to give con- 
certs in the more popular forms of music by the same fine or- 
chestra from time to time. Mr. Alfred Hertz will be the musi- 
cal director for the new season, for which preparations are al- 
ready under way. The receipts from such concerts are not 
nearly enough to meet the expenses, yet a city claiming to be a 
metropolis should have a musical organization of the highest 
class, and to accomplish this should have citizens in sufficient 
number to contribute the funds necessary to maintain it and so 
cover the difference between receipts and expenditures. No 
city can make fair claim to being a metropolis that fails to ac- 
complish those obvious things that are a part of metropolitan 
life. The Musical Association is a voluntary association of 
citizens for this purpose. All money collected goes to the cause 
without side issues or heavy administration expenses. It is 
not a close organization. The Board of Governors is elected 
yearly by the subscribers, and no member of the board gets any 
compensation; on the contrary the work involves expense and 
effort which is gladly given as a matter of public service. In 
addition to the money already subscribed, the Association needs 
an annual subscription of $100 or more from every citizen who 
desires to help in this work. The subscription gives the right 
to seats before non-subscribers, but in other respects is a con- 
tribution toward the work. The larger the subscription list, the 

more we can do, and to the greater glory of this city. 

* * * 

People's Philharmonic Orchestra — The People's Philhar- 
monic Orchestra, Nikolai Sokoloff conductor, will give the sixth 
popular symphony concert of the summer series at the Cort (yT^DflSUlTl 
Theatre, Sunday afternoon, at three o'clock. The program will 
be by an orchestra of sixty-five of the very best musicians of 
San Francisco. Beethoven's greatest symphony, the Fifth; the 
Prelude to "An Afternoon of a Faun," one of the greatest works 
of the illustrious Frenchman, Claude Debussy; Tschaikowsky's 
inspired "March Slav," and Smetana's symphonic poem, "Vlt- 
ava," arranged for harp by Kajeta Attl, the harpist of the Peo- 
ple's Philharmonic Orchestra, will all be given, and thanks to 
the generosity of Mis. J. B. Casserly, patron of art and sole 
guarantor of this summer season. The scale of prices is amaz- f^rJoi'WlK'iri 'Thpflt'VP 
ingly low— 25c. 50c, 75c $1.00. which is the highest price, is 
asked for the box, loge and first 14 rows of orchestra seats. 

W. i). Fennlrnpre \ , I > A. R. Fennimor* 

\\ J. W D/w'is' 



181 Post Street 
2508 Mission St. 

> San Francisco 

1221 Broadway, Oakland 


The newly pa tenl ed 
double vii ion lenses < ailed 
"Caltex" ' »n< pieci Blfo 

i . 1 1 :-■ i | . : ■ re ■ 

mended foi thi use ol our 

-. idlers now on I ' 

der, and a Iso those grolng 

Mexico Phej i 

i , i r . ., . idlng ' 1 1 i d 

n e, bo thai 

paii ol 
are rv edi o, ') hi ■■-■ 

derfu) lensi ground 

from a single pie u ■ >i 
perfei I optical 

therefore will no! i 

uncemented or show dis- 
turbing ■ ■ dors as In the 
old si yle t«i i oi a i . iii n 
are substltui ■■■■•■ I icing of- 
fered 5 In< 

"Caltex" Blfi ica Is, so re- 
member the na me 1 nd 

insist U| !.:i ( I Qg "1 ';i I - 


O'Farrell Street 

Bet. Stockton and Powell 
Phone Douglas 70 



THEODORE KOSLOFF, Premier Dans tu tmpi rial Russian Balli 1 ol Moscow 

and Potrotrratl with Vla-Bta Maslova and artlfiU fr the Imperial B 

Ballel KRAMER ami MORTON, Two Black Dots; CONSUL and his 
\|n tPTED DAUGHTER BETTY, in a simian Pantonine Corned; i MELVILLE 
Ellis and IRENE SORDINI; edna BROTHERS and CO. in the MIGHT 


CLAIRE ROCHETER, Phenomenal Soprano and Barytone. 

: Prices LOc 25c, 50c, 7'"'. Matinee Prices fexcept Sun- 
days and Holidays), 10c, 25c, 

PHONE I m '1 <;i.AS 7(1. 

' ornei Mason and Geary Streets 

I 1J111I. ! 111 I 'ii 

The Leading Playhouse 

Native Sons' Building — Dr. Nathaniel I. Rubinkam, for- 
merly of the Chicago University Extension, is giving a series 
of summer lectures in the Native Sons' Building, Geary and 
Mason streets, every Friday at 8 p. m., on literature and philo- 
osophy. His subject on Friday, July 7th, was Maeterlinck and 
his drama, "The Bluebird." The public invited, free. 

Beginning Monday Night, July huh 


A Brilliant Comedy In Three Acts By Hubert 11 nrj Davies with the 
Following Distinguished" 1 ast; BRUCE McRAE, CHARLES 1 ROW BRIDGE, 
In a One Ad Play, " A GOLDEN NIGHT." 
Matlneee Wednesdays and Saturdays, 

Pantages' Theatre 

A German citizen, who had won a prize in a lottery in the 

form of a ticket entitling him to a free ride on a Zeppelin, was 
prevented by the sudden declaration of war from taking the 
ride. He took immediate advantage of the crisis, however, to 
apply for a removal from the Second Landsturm, to which he 
v,as normally assigned, to the airship corps. "Have you," asked 
the recruiting officer, "any specinal equipment for service in 
this department?" The volunteer solemnly handed over his 
lottery ticket. "If you please." said he, "I am the possessor 
of this free pass to the air." — N. Y. Evening Post. 

Market Street Opposite Mason 

Commencing .Sunday Afternoon July 9tb 


"The4nfonnation Bureau"; HARRY JOLSON "THE OPERATIC COON:" 


Cort Theatre 


Nikolai SOXELOFF, Conductor 


at :i o'olocl 3olO K I It IMS ATTL. Harpist 

Program — Beethoven Fifth Symphony; Debugs; Afternoon of a Faun": 

Smetana "Vltava" [Harp Solo); Tschaikowsky " March Slav" 

Seats on sale now, Sh'-rmau. Clay&Co., ECohler A '' 

Prices— 26c, 60c, 76c; Box. Loge and Ural n rowsof Orchestra, 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 




■5 S 

5 w 

■S * 

3 ») 

•*> -a 



a 3 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 


One of the first popular questions to arise in the United 
States after the Republicans' choice of candidates for the 
presidency and vice-presidency is, Will whiskers now become 
popular? Since, judging from the example of the standard 
bearers, a party issue may be expected here, a sharp division 
in the ranks of voters may be expected, although, no doubt, 
many will await the result of balloting at the polls before decid- 
ing on their course. 

» * * 

Richard Olney, eminent as Secretary of State in the Cleve- 
land cabinet, and prominent in New England legal circles, once 
said that Theodore Roosevelt was the shrewdest politician the 
country had. Mr. Olney is not one of the easiest men in the 
country to interview; but the reporter who will get his an- 
notation of his former estimate can no doubt get a first-page 
place for his "story." 

One-fifth of a dollar in gold, the coin recommended by Paul 
M. Warburg of the federal reserve board, as an ideal basis 
of accounting between American republics, will doubtless, if 
adopted, have a new name of some sort. But, whatever it is 
called, it will be, like the franc, lira and peseta, a standard fixed 
largely by peoples whose linguistic and institutional sources are 
Latin. The reserve board member's advice is a reminder that 
the people of the United States were formerly on a sort of 
Latin footing, when they had in circulation their 20-cent piece. 

* * * 

The growing tendency to recognize the superior claims to 
effectiveness of moderation in advertising has evidently pene- 
trated to Madrid. In a certain street in the Spanish capital 
there are three barbers. The first announces himself as "The 
Best Barber in Madrid," the second as "The Best Barber in the 
World," and the third as "The Best Barber in the Street." 

Federal aid for women and children in getting employment is 
being planned for by a department of labor that steadily works 
along at Washington without much publicity or shouting of its 
praises abroad. Calculations about the results of the coming 
presidential election will go astray that do not take into account 
the closer relations between organized labor and social workers 
on the one hand, and government employees on the other, which 
President Wilson has set up, with Secretary Wilson as his ef- 
fective agent. 

* * * 

Innumerable are the stories which have been told of bird life 
in the trenches, but one of the best of these is that of the star- 
ling related by by an officer domiciled "somewhere in France." 
The military authorities have ordained that three sharp taxi 
whistles shall be the warning that the enemy's aeroplanes are 
approaching and that the men are to take cover. Now the star- 
lings are good imitators, and they have learned to produce these 
whistles to perfection. The result is that suddenly, for no rea- 
son at all, the men are seen diving under cover, until the dis- 
covery of the offender sets everybody laughing. The crime of 
the jackdaw of Rheims was as nothing compared to the incon- 
venience caused by these starlings of the same neighborhood. 

Pinks and syringa in the garden closes, 
And the sweet privet hedge and golden roses, 
The pines hot in the sun, the drone of the bee, 
They die in Flanders to keep these for me. 

The long sunny days and the still weather, 
The cuckoo and blackbird shouting together, 
The lambs calling their mothers out on the lea, 
They die in Flanders to keep these for me. 

All doors and windows open : the South wind blowing 
Warm through the clean sweet rooms on tiptoe going, 
Where many sanctities, dear and delightsome, be, 
They die in Flanders to keep these for me. 

Daisies leaping in foam on the green grasses, 

The dappled sky and the stream that sings as it passes ; 

These are bought with a price, a bitter fee, 

They die in Flanders to keep these for me. 

— Katharine Tynan. 


"A shining coun- 
tenance" is pro- 
duced by ordinary 

The use of Pears 
reflects beauty and 
refinement. Pears' 
leaves the skin s^ft- 
white and natural. 

Matchless for the complexion. 

3each Hill Inn 

>anta Cruz, California 

]\ /[OST beautifully and artistically appoint- 
ed hotel containing every comfort of an 
elegant home. 

<]| Situation ideal, overlooking the beach. De- 
lightful winter climate. 

<I State Highway now completed leading 
through the Santa Clara Valley thence over 
the picturesque Santa Cruz mountains to Santa 
Cruz and the finest beach on the Pacific, or 
reach by the Southern Pacific Railroad. 
<J Ask Peck Judah for folder or write proprietor. 


Novelties for "Welcoming" and 
"Bon Voyage" Packages 

Flowers Delivered to Any Part of 

the World 




KODAK finishing done by EXPERTS, 
for your films. 

We will send 


Phone Kearny 8841 

JuLY 8 > 1916 and California Advertiser 9 


1 — si r Roger Casement, head of the recent rebellion In Dublin, who has been convicted and sentenced to death for treason. 

2— Fourth of July vacation week. Enjoying a rest in the Pacific breezes, on the coast road going south. 

3 — one of the Rio Grande militia patrols passing a band of sheep on the way to new pasture. 

4 Mrs. Amy Marie Morton Gage, divorced wife of Francis W. Gage, a sen of ex-Governor Gage, who recently married Alfred Wylle Mather, a 

wealthy New York business man. Mrs. Gage was granted a final decree of divorce from her husband. June 2d. Mr. Mather is related to the well- 
known Pasadena family of thai name. 

6 sights seen by the California militia going to the front. A snake dancer priest among the Zunis. 

7 a typical scene in a town in the Southern Balkans where the entente allies are preparing for a drive north to clear Servia and attack the 

German-Austrian troops on the south, their only exposed side. 

8 — Sunday enjoyment jt the Corinthians on San Francisco Bay. 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 

Country Clubs in Curl Papers. 

The summer week-ends are always in a position to turn a 
snobbish shoulder on the other days for the tag end of the week 
is glorified by social activities that blazon a radiant path across 
the summer. The Fourth, coming via Leap Year on Tuesday, 
has made this week-end of special significance, for there have 
been four days instead of two in which to celebrate the release 
from the cares of the city as well as the patriotic exploits of 
Independence Day. 

The country clubs about the bay region were all done up in 
curl papers for a week in order to present a beautiful appear- 
ance for the doings of the Fourth, and the consensus of opinion 
among the members is that never before have Mirth and Jollity 
ruled with so autocratic a scepter. No one was allowed to fra- 
ternize with dull care, and each club vied with the other in 
presenting a program to quicken the jaded pulse of the most 
seasoned week-ender. 

The Marin Golf and Country Club bestirred itself to turn out 
for a tea dance, as well as a dinner dance, and the between 
whiles were filled with sports of all kinds — golf, swimming and 
even tennis. To be sure, the golf courses in Marin are not sport- 
ing courses, and the champs are rather disdainful of them. One 
of the experts once said of them that they were all right to keep 
down the figures of the older set, but they were never intended 
for keeping up the game of good players! 

© © © 
Mrs. Laivson's Gowns. 

The Fourth itself is always dedicated to the Lagunitas Coun- 
try by the San Rafael, Ross and other fashionable suburbanites 
on the Marin side. There the annual barbecue invests the day 
with unique flavor, and after the roast chickens, lambs and 
other good things cooked in barbecue style have been disposed 
of, there is a merry dance in the clubrooms, with frequent ex- 
cursions into the wonder of out-doors illuminated by fireworks. 

The Ross, San Rafael contingent has been particularly gay 
this summer, a great deal of entertaining being done for visi- 
tors from distant parts. Mrs. Patrick Calhoun is visiting the 
Arthur Foster family, and is the honored guest at a round of 
dinner parties. The John Lawsons, to the surprise of every one, 
took the Martin house in Ross for the summer, instead of going 
down the peninsula, which is so much gayer. However, Mrs. 
Lawson is giving an ultra smart touch to Ross, running her house 
with all the very latest English accent, and dressing the part of 
chatelaine as no other Ross Valleyite ever gowned it. 

© © © 
Tabascoed Personalities. 

Down the peninsula way the Burlingame Club carried off the 
spectacular honors with a vaudeville performance directed by 
Al. Jolson, which is the equivalent of saying that it was ripping 
good vaudeville. Gordon Tevis was in charge of the program, 
and he induced Jolson to collaborate. The Burlingame Club is 
like a big family when it comes to affairs of this sort, and 
the personalities that peppered the fun-making on the stage 
received a gay response from an audience capable of apprec- 
iating a joke even when it is tabascoed and served hot to 
every one. 

After the vaudeville there was a dance, with Mrs. Walter 
Martin and Mrs. Mountford Wilson acting as hostesses. Mrs. 
Martin has returned from her trip with the Jacklings, looking 
more girlish and pretty than ever. The Jacklings spent the 
Fourth with the Moffats at their Tahoe home, where the Ru- 
dolph Spreckels likewise celebrated, the Jolliffe girls complet- 
ing the family circle. 

© © © 
"A Doggone Dangerous Girl." 

Not in many a day has society on all sides of the bay had 
such a thrill as when it learned that Kathleen Coleman and 
Hugh Porter eloped last Friday and were married here in San 
Francisco, a second ceremony according to the ritual of the 
Catholic church being performed on Saturday in Ross Valley at 

the home of the groom's mother, Mrs. William S. Porter. 

Long before young Lochinvar came out of the west, matri- 
monial intentions of the family have miscarried, but the element 
of novelty in this affair is that Miss Coleman's engagement to 
Studebaker Fish of Indiana was announced in the society col- 
umns on the very same day that the news columns carried the 
tale of her elopement with young Porter. 

And the story goes that Mrs. Porter sat in the shade of the 
deep piazza of her country home, the scent of roses filling the 
air and in a most casual way read to her house guest, Miss 
O'Connor, the engagement of Miss Coleman to the Easterner. 
Then Miss O'Connor took a glance at the paper, and in another 
part she discovered that Hugh Porter and Kathleen Coleman 
had quietly, without a by-your-leave to any one, slipped over 
to San Francisco and entered the civil bonds of matrimony. 

Mrs. Porter was prostrated, not because she opposed the 
match in any way, but the manner in which it was consummated 
was too much of a shock for an unsuspecting mother. How- 
ever, she rallied, and with Miss O'Connor's help the young peo- 
ple were reached in San Francisco, and invited to come over 
to Ross and receive the parental blessing and a Catholic bene- 
diction. Father Ramm performed the religious ceremony, and 
then the newly-weds departed on their honeymoon trip, not in 
the least oppressed by the fact that they would furnish veranda 
gossip for many a day to come. Young Porter came into a for- 
tune of his own when his father, William S. Porter, general 
manager of the Associated Oil Company, died several months 
ago. The bulk of the estate was left to Mrs. Porter, but Hugh 
is not dependent on his mother's largess. 
© © © 

Bifurcated Olive Branches. 

Mrs. Porter, like the sensible woman that she is, has told her 
intimates that she will welcome her new daughter-in-law exactly 
as if she had come into the family by the usual circuitous route 
of the conventionalities. But the bride's mother, Mrs. Rudolph 
Lichtenberg, is still prostrated over the headstrong affair, and 
from her country home, Casa Mia, near Petaluma, holds out 
nothing that resembles an olive branch to the young couple. As 
Hugh Porter was one of the distinctly eligible youths of these 
parts, Mrs. Lichtenberg will doubtless soon recover from her 
disappointment in not having the Eastern millionaire on whom 
she had set her heart for a son-in-law. 

Now that Kathleen Coleman is married, match-making moth- 
ers in San Rafael and Ross will have a much clearer field for 
their maneuvers, for while it is true that she has carried off 
one of the nicest boys in the summer colony there are still a 
few others left, and it must be admitted that as long as Miss 
Coleman was about the other girls were somewhat back- 
grounded. Not long ago the daughter of one of the proudest 

£a////u/;;///a//c/vt (<>: 




Above All Others 

2**E>( K4QH 






$2.50, $4.50. $6.50 
1.25. 2.00. 3.00 
1.50, 1.85, 2.50 





All Moderately Priced 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


dames in the Ross Valley set gave a house party — and Kathleci 
Coleman was not among those invited. Quite by chance, Miss 
Coleman gave a party that very week-end, and the most de- 
sirable eligibles invited to Ross slipped off to Miss Coleman's 
party at Casa Mia, much to the disgust of the rival entertainers. 
Matchmaking mothers and envious daughters would have 
liked to put up the name of Miss Coleman for first place in the 
list of "Dangerous Girls." They should receive her with wide 
welcome, now that she has joined the married ranks. 
© © © 

Smart Set in Sports Shoes foi Preparedness. 

Those interested in the Preparedness parade are meeting with 
much more enthusiastic response among the fashionables than 
in other walks of life. Particularly is this true of the women. 
Mrs. Malcolm Whitman marched in the New York parade, and 
when a member of the committee rang her up to urge her to do 
likewise here, she found that it was not necessary to kindle 
any enthusiasm in the heiress to the Crocker millions — she was 
already ablaze with enthusiasm, and declared that she would 
march in the heat of sun, downpour of rain, or whatever the 
tides and heavens decreed in the way of weather. Mrs. George 
Pope is another enthusiast who is prodding up the unresponsive, 
and her proselyting work among her friends has added greatly 
to the enrollment of willing walkers. Mrs. Pope has a favorite 
taunt which moves the most neglible patriots to complete sub- 
mission to the idea of a preparedness procession. 

She deftly turns the subject to beagling, and after some in- 
trepid beagler has recounted how many miles up hill and down 
dale she followed the dogs in order to be in at the death of a 
rabbit, Mrs. Pope suggests walking in a Preparedness Parade, 
and of course no one can refuse with any grace under such 

© © © 
Cupid's Beams and Motes. 

The engagement of Miss Helen Hamilton and George How- 
ard, Jr., has just been announced, thereby substantiating the 
guesses of Mr. Thomas and his appraising wife. This rumor 
has with varying persistency filled the air for many moons, and 
off again on again has been discredited as mere moonshine. 
But at the Burlingame Club vaudeville, the night of the Fourth 
of July, Miss Hamilton came as the guest of the Howards, and 
young Howard had a beam in his eye that looked like the 
radiance Cupid puts up in sample packages for successful suit- 
ors. His radiant happiness and attention betrayed him. Miss 
Hamilton, having been a very great belle ever since she made 
her debut, is more trained in inscrutability, but even she showed 
a mote where he had a beam. 

Society promises to be out in force to see several of its pets 
in the forthcoming production of "King Lear" in the Greek 
Theatre on the evening of July 15th, by the Players' Club of 
San Francisco. Mrs. Pearl King Tanner of Claremont, who 
plays the part of Cordelia, is well remembered for her fine 
work as "Aggrippina" in Nero in the Greek Theatre last sum- 
mer, and will be well supported by interested friends from the 
Claremont section. Lucy Alanson Smith, director of the Child- 
ren's Theatre of the San Francisco Normal School, will inter- 
pret the role of "Regan." Lear's eldest daughter, "Goneril," 
will be essayed by Mrs. A. W. Scott, Jr., of San Francisco. 
Since Mrs. Scott's successful seasons as leading woman with 
Robert Mantel, she has not been seen by local playgoers. 
© © © 

The Perfume Dances continue to interest and fascinate 
Miladi spending the afternoon in town. First she goes to the 
theatre or the Ice Palace, then to the Techau Tavern promptly 
e.t five o'clock, for at that time the presentation of three of 
the large four dollar sized La Boheme Perfume Bottles is made. 
The ladies who win do so without competition of any sort. Fol- 
lowing the Hurry-Up luncheon at noon is seen a fine exempli- 
fication of the "Walkin' the Dawg," a refined and artistic evo- 
lution of the cake walk of twenty years ago. During and after 
rhe dinner, the Perfume Dances are observed in much manner 
of the successful candy dances. Easily the fetching feature of 
society's routine in early July days is the Perfume Dance and 
La Boheme favors at the Techau Tavern. 
© © 8 

Richard Bret Harte. grandson of Bret Harte, who is now liv- 
ing in San Francisco, has just recovered from a bad attack of 

peritonitis. He was the guest of Dr. and Mrs. Phillipp Raht 
jen in Belvedere. Young Harte's quick recovery was due to 
the kindness and hospitality of his host and hostess. 

_ Mrs. Phil Rahtjen, who has been seriously ill at the St. Fran- 
cis Hospital, has happily recovered. 


Prominent University Extension Lecturers will deliver three 
interesting lectures at the Fairmont Hotel during this month, 
under the auspices of the Grace Cathedral Foundation. The 
first one is carded for Tuesday afternoon, July 11th, at three 
o'clock. "Phases of the Art of Characterization in Nineteenth 
Century Fiction" will be exemplified by Dr. Edmund K. Broa- 
dus, M. A., Ph. D. The speaker will be introduced by Professor 
H. M. Fairclough, head of the Latin Department, Stanford 
University. Dr. Broadus was an instructor at Harvard when he 
was called in 1908 to the newly established University of Al- 
berta, in the Canadian Northwest. He has published various 
articles and poems in the Atlantic Monthly, The Nation, The 
University Magazine (Montreal), and other prominent periodi- 
cals. His new book, "The Poet Laureate and the Laureation of 
Poets" is shortly to be published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 

At three o'clock, July 18th, Dr. Ian C. Hannah, M. A., D. C. 
L., late president of King's College, Nova Scotia, Lecturer Ox- 
ford and Cambridge University Extension System, and an au- 
thor of note, wili speak on the Reconstruction of Europe. The 
following Friday, at the same hour, Dr. Morris Jastrow, Jr., 
Ph. D., L. L. D., Professor of Semitic languages, University of 
California, and author of Hebrew and Babylonian tradition, will 
discuss the "Book of Job." 

Course tickets, $2; single tickets, 75c. On sale at Sherman & 
Clay's. Some fifty lady patronesses prominent in society and 
culture, are lending their best efforts to these lectures. 

Press Woodruff is responsible for the statement that the 

Comstock Lode has a ryacolite hanging wall and an Israelite 
foot wall. John Landers, the eminent geologist of Silver City 
and the Manhattan Life, endorses this opinion. 


Overland Monthly 

Deem 1 hings in America 

Richard Bret Harte 

With Illustrations by Himself 

'Grandson of Bret Harte, founder of the Overland 
Monthly) is only one of numerous attractive illustrated ar- 
ticles in the July Number of this brilliant magazine. 

The Overland Monthly is the one high class literary 
magazine in the West. You are interested in it. It is 

Get the July Number; send it to your friends. Sub- 
scribe, and thus have it regularly. 

tO Cents at all Dealers 

$1.20 Per Year 

Overland Monthly 



San News Letter 

July 8, 1916 

" The Argonaut's of California " 

A False Portrayal of California's Early Settlers. 
By Charles B. Turrill. 

For some three weeks the fences' have advertised a motion 
picture show at the Columbia Theatre called "The Argonauts 
of California." It pretends to portray life in the California 
mines and in San Francisco during the period, 1849 to 1856. It 
says so, or we might be in doubt. When an author, who could 
with profit have devoted two or three hours to reading any re- 
liable book relating to the early days, gives an historic period 
as the time of his story, and when he introduces, by name and 
implication, historical personages, we have a right to expect 
that he will portray the events of the period with, at least, some 
accuracy. When his press agents announce that great care has 
been taken in making the performance a picture of the period, 
we have the right to say they misrepresent. With people here 
no great harm ,s done by thus falsifying facts, but, as it is 
probable the "show" will be fully exploited in the East as a 
correct representation of California's early days, and it may be 
stated that the performance had been enthusiastically received 
in San Francisco, it seems right to protest against this latest 
perversion of fact. 

Any author has a perfect right to construct as tame and 
commonplace a love story as is pushed through the action of 
the play in question. Some authors can make a love story 
really interesting. But when the writer of an indifferent one 
introduces certain well known localities and events as the 
"scenes" for his amorous droolings, he should visit the places 
if he has the car fare, or "read up" on his subject at a local 
library. People of ordinary intelligence can greatly improve 
themselves by reading even an hour a day. No especial knowl- 
edge was required to construct the "story" of the alleged "Ar- 
gonauts of California," and it is to be regretted that what might 
have been made a splendid undertaking, and a profitable one 
for all concerned, was not undertaken by someone who would 
have used ordinary judgment in trying to be reasonably accu- 
rate in the portrayal as well as in those little details that mark 
the difference between a good performance and just plain "rot." 

A glance at his portrait in several early California books 
would have shown that John A. Sutter was an entirely different 
man in personal appearance than he is portrayed. Five minutes' 
perusal of the "Annals of San Francisco" would have con- 
vinced any ordinary author that "The City Hotel," made so im- 
portant in one scene, had been burned several years before that 
time. A glance at any of the common pictures of "Fort Vigi- 
lance" would have given a correct idea for the representation' 
of that building. The transactions of the Vigilance Committee 
of '56 are introduced quite prominently and erroneously. Two 
dummies, representing, everybody knows, Casey and Cora, are 
hung on a scaffold "somewhere in San Francisco," while, in 

reality, they were hung from the windows of Fort Vigilance. 
"The Alcalde of San Francisco" is hung from a window of the 
Vigilance Committee rooms in the play. As a matter of fact 
the Alcalde of San Francisco was net hung — partly for the good 
and sufficient reason that there had been none here for many 
years, the city being under an entirely different form of civic 
government. It would not have required much mental exertion 
on the part of the author of this "photo-dramatic spectacle of 
the days of '49" to have noticed that broad, well graded moun- 
tain roads, such as he has his performers use in their "hide-and- 
seek" chases, were not in existence for nearly a half century 
after the time of his play. Possibly some of his fast riders 
might have been killed in riding as rapidly over a trail, the 
correct thing for the picture, but that would have been an un- 
important detail. A few fatalities in the stock company would 
not have injured the production. If he did have to have his 
films made in Southern California — because they think they 
have more sunshine — why did he not strike for locations where 
;he eucalyptus would not be so much in evidence? That is a 
good tree in its place, but at the period he has chosen there 
was not a single eucalyptus in California. 

It is announced in the "write ups" of this mis-representation 
of early days that great care has been used in the selection of 
correct costumes of the period. How unfortunate that one of 
the lady performers mistook the picture of a female union suit 
of this day for a lady's costume of that! The date line of the 
advertising "cut" must have been clipped off. There is no ex- 
cuse for the introduction of a character in such costume on the 
screen. It may be done with impunity now, but in the period 
of the play the performer and the author would have been 
treated with a coat of tar and feathers. We are more toler- 
ant of females who wish to show their shapes than our fathers 
'.vere. Perhaps no better illustration of the thought of the per- 
iod may be made than a quotation from an editorial in a San 
Francisco newspaper of that day: "A disgusting display of 
ladies' underwear — things that should only be seen in a dress- 
ing room or on a clothes line in a back yard — are paraded in 
extenso in the windows of one of the largest dry goods stores 
on Clay street." Fortunate the lot of that editor, who was an 
Argonaut, thac he died ere "The Argonauts of California" was 
evolved from the brain of a writer who pretends to correctly 
picture a period with which he has no sympathy and of which 
he has been too careless or too indifferent to inform himself. 
A reasonable amount of care in preparation and staging would 
have given a performance that would have been creditable, and 
toward which every true Californian would have gladly given 
hearty support. 

The Minister's Wife — The new cook left this morning, 

the one you said the Lord must have sent. The Minister — Well, 
dear, the Lord giveth, and the Lord taketh away. Blessed be 
the name of the Lord! — Puck. 


Miss Dorotl 
of age, the y 
Commercial I 
her own mon 
Gantner & 
above pose i 
Dorothy's wor 
one of the 
Knitted Bathii 

ly M; 
ey b 
s ch 
k. S 
ig Su 

irkley, 4 years 
est successful 
, who earns 
y posing for 
:rn Co. The 
iracteristic of 
he is shown in 
st children's 


July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



1 — A midsummer excursion into the Yosemite Valley. 

2— Richard Bret Harte, grandson of Bret Harte. founder of Overland Monthly, who has decided to locate in San Francisco and continue his ac- 
tivities in art and writing here. 

3 — Mrs. E. A. Thayer, who is going into vaudeville to earn money to obtain a divorce from her husband. Dr. E. A. Thayer, prominent In the 
employ of the government. Mrs. Thayer gained prominence socially in the local set as the attractive daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Gunn. 
There are several children, which Mrs. Thayer declares her mother-in-law. living in Washington, D. C. will fight in the courts to retain. Mrs. 
Thayer has decided to use her maiden name on the stage, Madeline De Guerfn. 

■4 — Pot-luck of a bunch of rookies in a raid across the Chihuahua border. 

5 — Scenes in New Mexico, where some of the California militia are encamped along the line. 

e— Formal sale by auction of the $75,000,000 property of the Western Pacific Railway at the company's Oakland depot. One of the directors bid 
$18,000,000. and the property was quickly knocked down to him. The proceeding lasted fifty-one minutes. General Petroleum, a $75,000,000 con- 
tern as expressed in securities, was also sold pro forma during the week. Both corporations were in financial straits, and through these official 
sales will pass through reorganization. 


>an rrancisco l\ews 



July 8, 1916 


BOND- FLANDERS.— Mrs. Lottie- B. Bond of Easton. Burlingame, 
nounces the engagement of r, Miss Edna, to Mr. Ed 

Francis Flanders, also of Burlingame The wedding is announo 
take place in 0< I home of the pride'a mother. 

■iamiltox-iiotv nade by ."■■■ 

and Mrs. Edward II. Hamilton of the engagement a 
Helen, to Gi orge Henry Howard, third. 

SMILIE-BROWN. — The ■ ■ ol Mlsa Elizabeth Smi 

and I arles Brown of Berkeley, was ■ lune 29th. 

FOVEAL'X-SAWyER.-r-Miss Irma Foveaux daugfitei ol M ind Mrs. 
■: !■! Willia m 
Mrs. W. .Sawyer ■ their mai - 



FCENDRICK-1 is Helen Kendrfcl ■ ■■ rid Mrs. 

Rodn< '■ man '■'■■■> to Rodman C- Pell, Jt J une :':<Uh. 

Episcopal Church. 
NASON-K1LL1AN.— The marriage of Mias \.da Nason, daughter of Mr. 

and Mrs. of < irfleldi 

Ida., was solemnized Thursday afl of the bride's 

RICH-MORSE. — Mlsa Edna A. Rich of Mrs, Josi 

Rich Of Santa Barbara, was married to Lewis Kennedy Morse of 
3ton duly 1st. at the home of Mr. and Mrs. H. Seymour Tittle. 
Coma San Fram 

SCHNEIDER-BROWN. -Miss Pearl - id Leo .- n were 

mar 28th. 

5TJLLIVAN-CULLIANE On 25th, Miss Mary Sullivan became the 

bride imi Julllane, 

WESTON- WAR1 >.— Mrs. Alice DeWltt Westo i BTdward I 

Ward were ma rri 
WHITING-TAYLOR.— The marriage of Miss Marie Wl I leuten- 

ant James Harvey Taylor. IT. S. N T .. was solemnized duly 1st 
(N-MALLORY. — The marriage of V n Ruth Wilso 

- ilemnized recently at the home of 

■ mother, Mrs. F, D. Wilson, of Cedar street Bi 

CAMERA tN.— -Misses Bdil 

Mrs. Georg ron at a luncheon party given in theli 


i - es W. Clark entertained at a lunch 

then >mpliment to Sena tor Wi!$am A . Cla 

Mon ■ 
HOWARJ i,— One of flfa irs of Su 

which Mi George H, Howai ■ I ractive 

San Mat.-" home. 
NEWHALL.— A group of friei ■ Mis. William' 

Mayo Newhall, Jr., at luncheon June 2Sth. 

ASHE.— A \>- tvas given recently by Mr. and Mrs. R Porl 

golf links. It was of Ml 


BLACK.— MiSS Mary Louis-- Black - at a dinner 

■ 29th by Miss i rrlt at ber 

BAKER.— Mr. and Mrs, George Barr Baker presided at a | arty on 

Tuesd ■ 
IRWIN.— Mm. William <;. Irwil i 

Mrs. Frank Johnson and m B. Crockett at a dinner party 

on July 4th. 
MARTIN.— Mrs. Eleanor Martin presid dinner al 

Thursday evening, In compliment to Judge and Mi 

Miss Conchita Sepulveda. 
j ' WRR< »TT. W is sea Emil ■ 

Tim rsda - 3an Ma teo. 

Mrs. John i" 1 - 

at Co a farewell compliment i and Mrs. 

Robi : - Coast 

TAYLOR. — A Mr, and Mrs. Augustus Tay- 

lor on Mon tome on the Peninsi 


YOUNG.— An Oriental garden I ■ olony at 

Ross on th July at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Geo 



BOARDMAN. — Dr. and Mrs. Walter Boardman have returned from their 
honeymoon. They will be at home after July 16th at 2651 G 

i " LARK - a.i :ia iic an Ived ' bis w i ■ 

es V 11 Palo - 

mar, In San Ma 

FAY. — Mr. and Mrs. < 

National Pi 

fee.— Miss Marcla Fee, whb has beert a'ho I Mrs. Prenl 

Hale and Miss Lyndia Bryan at Shasta Springe ! 

.he _ 

PRICE.— Lieutenant F. A Prli -. r S A , stationed at Alcatraz, and Miss 

Nellii Prld ire returned from a tour of several weeks in the Yo- 

- i! Valley and other points In the southern part of the State. 
SCHWERIN. — Mrs. Rennie Pierre Schwerin and her sun Richard Schwerln, 

arrived this week from New York, ^u-i are at the Schwerin honu al 

San \ 
uii'kha.m.- Mrs. Frank D. Wick ham, wlfi In Wick ham, and her 

children ari here from Nogalea for the summer. 


AVER'S ■. Milton Avery left Wednesday even] 

six weeks' tom of the East 

1 ELL, Mcs. J Franklin Bell left Monday for Monterey, where she will 
>i the holiday with Mrs. F. B. Arnold, wife of Captain Arnold of 
Hi-- Cavalry, r. s. a. who is now al the Mexican border. 

1 i _ : Bresss has closed her apartments at the Clift 
Hotel, and I sojourning al Bartl tl Springs iiurlng the month of rulj 
CI iwini;.- -.Mi. and Mrs. Joseph Cowing are leaving shortly for independ- 
onl h's outing. 
Mr. and Mis Mortimer F1< and Mr. and 

Mrs. Simon Sheellne have gone on an extended motor trip, expecting 
to be absent about a month. They plan a visit to the Gn 
ore their return. 
MICHA] i i i this week for Lake Ta- 

hoe. to be I ber< al n >nth. 

M i i< >< '.\.---.\i rs John B. Mhoi Ister and 

Miss Ann) I 

i] an Indefinite period. 
HORSE — Mr. and Mrs Lewis Kenned I for Alaska o 

moon tour. 

PERKINS.— W I rklns left for Southern California this week, 

where she will visit her son Frederic! Perkln ri . al his ranch 
oeai Lot 

iis. Willis i Santa Cruz wta< 

. a week at the Ca 
i;Ki>i\i;.-.\i:. and Mis. William Reding left recently for Mon tec I to, where 
they will remain during July and August. 

a. Rooa is spending tl r at 1 lei Monte. 

STENDEMAN. — Mr. hi Da PI - i. man have gone south on 


STONE! ri G rd 3ton< Mrs. Francis Davis 

; left Thursday for Ciso guests for the next 

weeks of Mrs, John H, Robertson, 
\ a -x SCHACK.- Baron and Baronesa Von Scha.dc have gone to Lake 

inlh of duly. 
WYMORE. — Dr. and Mrs. William Watson Wymote are visiting the for- 
mer's da CI1 


ALLEN.— Mrs. Herbert Allen pa . a at Lake Tahoe. 

BALDWIN.- -.Miss Marie Louise Baldv i r> Lamar spent 

the Fourth at I >< 1 M 

COMTE. — Mrs. A. Comte, Jr., and four children are pleasantly Iocs 

nl remain throughout the month of duly. 
I'l'TTiiN. -M or I'utton will b< of Mr. 

and Mrs. Samuel Knight for the next two weeks at theli hon* In 

131 d 'Y.- -Mr. if Mr. ami 

.Mrs. Spreckels, are established in one ot tin- PInard cottages at Now- 

KHRMAN. -Mr. and Mrs. Meyer Ghrman of this city have gi 
Robles i lot Spi In aonth or two, 

FORD Mr. and Mrs, Alfred FOtd fflll be ■ t& Of Mr. and Mrs. 

Bernard Ford at their homi rtn the month ol 

Ers. \. W. Foster, Miss Louisiana Fc B. Foster, of 

recent arrivals at Shasta Springs. 
GREEN! i has been at the Hotel Vl 

•i month, and exp lain until tl. 

Of duly. 


overlooking the beautiful Plaza of Union 

Square, the Hotel of refinement and service, 

is offering special rates to permanent guests. 

Hotel Plaza Company 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


HAYNE. Duncan Hnyn< and his daughter, Miss Affiles Hayne 

M.i Fourth al I ..ii. pro, 

JACKLINQ ' 1 Mrs. ] lanlel C Tacklli iii : i lei 

at the St. Frm 

JENNESS. — Mrs. Herbert Jei as and Miss Lu] ss were hosl 

i theii home In Be] kele; al a 

' ■ Thej will ii'i". i Thun daj '"' Pi in. i where 

Miss i lii shortly i" married to Lieutenant Robert Rowe 

with his ship ill Colon. 
MARYE Mary< . ssadoi !•• Russia, Es expected to 

arrive from Washington, D. c. on Mon.da-3 
MICHELs Mi. and Mis Leopold Michels are planning to Leave for Lake 
Tahoe on July loth, to be guests at Tahoe Tavern, They will return 

to this citj Hi-.' in.- 1 'vt'ii; in ruly, and win go from here to i > i n 

tor the month of August 

MILKS., — .Mr. iiinl Mis. Arthur Miles will lie Ilif guests of Mr. iiinl Mrs 

irge Cameron for a few days. All of them will shm-e in the fes- 
tivities at Burlingame during: the Interval. 
NICKEL. — Mis. J. Leroy Nickel chaperons a party of the young- friends 

of her daughter, Miss Beatrice Nickel, to Del Monte for the period 

of the golf tournament. 
PEASE. — Mr. and -Mis. Richard Pease and Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Watson 

will leave shortly for a motor trip which will take them to Lake 

Tahoe and other places in the mountains. 
' 'i IRE. — Mrs. ,T. R. Poore. Miss Elizabeth Poore and Franklin Poore are 

enjoying a visit in Washintgon, D. C. 
PORTER. — Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Porter are en route to Santa Barbara. 

where they will spend their honeymoon. 
SKIFF. — I»r. and Mrs. Frederick J. 3. Skiff have reopened their home, 

"Whitegate," near Los Gatos. 
STARR. — Dr. and Mrs. Allen Starr of New York and family are at Shasta 

Springs, where they expect to remain for some time. 
SUTRO. — Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Sutro and their children are spending the 

summer at Glenbrook. on Lake Tahoe. 
WW1NERTON. — Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Swinerton will pass a portion of the 

summer at Richard Hotaling's ranch, "Sleepy Hollow." in Marin 

TEAGUE. — Mr. and Mrs. Charles Teague have been guests at the Palace 

Hotel for several days. They left Sunday for "Trevor Terrace." their 

beautiful country seat in Sonoma County. 
WOOIiSETT. — Mr. ami Mrs. W. E. Woolsey mid daughter, Miss Florence 

Woolsey, have taken a cottage at Boulder Creek for the month of July. 

The very sound position financially of the Anglo & Lon- 
don Paris National Bank is illustrated in its report to the Comp- 
troller of the Treasury, as of June 30, 1916. Loans and dis- 
counts, $19,225,916; cash and sight exchange, $18,313,132; 
surplus and undivided profits, $2,082,070; deposits, $36,124,837, 
and resources $47,840,940. 


My cousin, Mary Alice Jones, 

Has come to visit me, 
She's nine years old, and mostly bones, 

And messes with her tea. 
Her eyes are very '■ound and black, 

Her teeth are rather big; 
She wears two pig-tails down her back — 

Because she is a pig. 

My cousin, Mary Alice Jones, 

Is going to stay for weeks, 
She always speaks in whiny tones — 

If you can call it speaks. 
I have to give her half my room, 

And half my dressing-case, 
She always wears a look of gloom, 

And mopes around the place. 

My cousin, Mary Alice Jones, 

Takes moie than half the bed; 
And in her sleep, she always groans 

And wiggles with her head. 
I wonder if her parents believed 

She would make so much fuss — 
I s'pose they're only too relieved 

To have her visit us. 
— Ethel M. Kelley in Harpefs Magazine for July. 

Rodin's statue of "The Thinker," which has been so 

much extolled, represents a man leaning with his right elbow 
on his left knee. A man as muscular and robust as the one rep- 
resented in the statue cannot possibly accomplish the feat of 
putting his right elbow on his left knee. Only a very slim man 
can do it. If you doubt this assertion, try it. 

Lawyer — Judge, I want you to fine this man who was 

knocked down by my client's car. Judge — Fine him? Why? 
Lawyer— He had a nail in his clothes and it punctured a new 
tire. — Topeka Journal. 

j^Jfl|H(|i>l| ^^^^HltfflflHilfMiiAii^M^ 


Among the oaks. University of California. Berkeley. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 


All the exchanges of the country 
War News Governs. were closed during the forepart of 

the week, owing to the midsummer 
holiday marking the Fourth of July. On the opening of the 
New York exchanges recovery was stimulated in numbers of 
issues, owing to the sharp change for the better in the Mexican 
situation. War news still governs, the situation being more 
speculative than open to sound investments. The drive of the 
entente powers in Europe will have its influence on prices in- 
cicative of the several abnormal cross-currents which still in- 
fluence the me-curial activities of the market. 

On July 15 the Federal Reserve Board's universal free 

check collection plan will become operative. Its success or 
failure will be watched with the keenest interest by all bankers, 
whether members of the Reserve System or otherwise. Some 
opposition to the scheme has recently developed among the 
banks outside of the Federal Reserve cities, although such 
banks stand to lose far less by its operation than their Reserve 
city neighbors. The problem has been discussed with much 
thoroughness and some heat by the various State Bankers' As- 
sociations in recent meetings, and several resolutions have been 
offered in convention memoralizing Congress to repeal that part 
of the Federal Reserve law which directly authorizes the plan. 
In view of the fact that most bankers consider the great in- 
crease in the volume of out-of-town checks they have been 
called upon to handle in recent years as an evil, and advocate 
clearing house agreements in curtailment, it is rather significant 
that the Federal Reserve banks should be working to opposite 

For the present the election is not likely to operate as 

an important market factor; operators will be inclined to await 
its more active stage with, however, the mental reservation that 
Presidential years are not as a rule favorable for Stock Ex- 
change securities. One of the most important factors in the 
general financial situation concerns the method of handling the 
huge volume of securities accumulated in Britain and France 
under the so-called mobilization plan of the respective treas- 
uries. Advices from the British center agree that the supertax 
of 10 per cent upon incomes from those American securities 
whose owners refuse to deposit them with the Treasury has 
been entirely effective in placing virtually the full supply in the 
hands of the Governmental officials. 

Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the United States Steel 

Corporation, stated this week that the steel business of the 
United States, domestic and export, is better than ever in its 
history. Production is large, profits are greater and workmen 
are receiving higher wages. Unfilled orders of subsidiary com- 
panies of the corporation amount to nearly ten million tons. 
The corporation is producing at the rate of 51,000 to 52,000 tons 
per day. 

Title Insurance and Guaranty Company paid this week 

a regular dividend of 50 cents a share and an extra dividend of 
the same amount. The monthly receipts for June are the largest 
since the fire, and exceed by over $15,000 those of any month 
since January, 1907. Receipts during the first half of 1916 rep- 
resent an increase of 101 per cent over those of the same per- 
iod of 1915. During the past twelve months the company's as- 
sets have increased over $40,000, in addition to dividends paid 
aggregating $20,000. 

Standard Oil Co. of California has declared a dividend 

of $2.50 per share, a rate of 10 per cent per year, the same rate 
as last year, but the amount paid out, $1,530,000, will be twice 
as large on account of the recent increase in stock. The present 
issued capitalization is $75,000,000. 

17 Yeara in City Surveyor's 
and City Engineer's Office 

BeveAteen Yours with the 
Late Charles S. Tillcm 




All Survey Notes Saved 

Room 406 

Charleston Building 251 KEARNY STREET, San Francisco— Phone Douglas 366 

O. A. ROULEAU. President DONZEL STONEY, Manager 

WALTER C. CLARK, Secretary and Asst. Manager 

Title Insurance And Guaranty Company 

CAPITAL $500,0 30.00 

Phone Garfield 2170 250 MONTGOMERY ST. San Francisco, Cal. 

No. 2756 
I. J. Mareel Vogel. residing at No. 134 Park street in the city and c:ounty 
ol Sun Francisco. California, do hereby certify that I am transacting busl- 
der the fictitious name of Vogel Color Studio; that I am the sole 
owner of the said business, and the place where the said business Is con- 
ducted is No. 14^2 Franklin street in the city and county of San Fran- 

State of California. City and County of San Franrisco|ss. 
On this 17th day of June in the year one thousand nine hundred and 
sixteen, before me Rtta Johnson, a Notary Public, in and for the City and 
County *>f San Francisco, personally appeared J. MARCKl, VOGEL, known 
to me to be tlic person whose name is subscribed to the within instrument, 
and he duly acknowledged to me that he executed the same. 

In witness thereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Official 
Seal, at my office in Hie Citj ami County of San Francisco, the day and 
year In this certificate first above written. (My commission expires July 
1U. 1919 I 

Notary Public in and for the City and County of San Francisco. State Of 

Jul e ... 1916. H. I. MULCREVY, Clerk. By I. J. WELCH. Ueputv Clerk. 
ALGERNON CROFTON. Attorney-at-Law, 617 to 621 New Call Bulld- 

Italian -American Bank. 
Fur the half year ending June 80, 1916, a dividend has teen declared at 
the rate of four ( 4 1 per cent per annum on all savings deposits, payable 
on and aftei Saturday, July 1, L916. i Uvldends not called for will be 
added to the principal and bear He- same rate of Interest from July i. 
J916, Money deposited on or before July 10, 1916, will cam Interi 

juiv i. me. 

A. SBARBORO, President 

Office — Southeast corner Montgomery and Sa< ramento streets. 


The German Savings and Loan Society (The German Bank) 
Km the half year ending dune 3<j. 1916, a dividend has been declared al 
He rate of lour it) per cenl per annum on all deposits, payable on and 
after Saturday, duly 1. 1916. I 'ivldends not called for are added' to the de- 
posit account, and earn dividends from July 1, 1916. 

Office — 526 California street Mission Branch. Cor. Mission and 21st 
Sts. Richmond District Branch. Cor. Clement St. and 7th Ave. Halght 
Street Branch. Cor. Haight and Belvedere Sts. 

Bank of Italy. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1916, a dividend has been dec! 
the rate of four <1| per cent per annum on all savings deposits, pay- 
on and after Saturday. July 1. 1916. Dividends no1 called for are 
added to and bear the same rale of interest as the principal from July 1, 
i'MG. Money deposited on or before July 10th will earn Interest from July 
1. iyi6. 

A. P. orANNINI. President. A. PEDRINI, Cashier. 
Office — Southeast corner Montgomery and Clay Sis. Market St. Branch, 
Junction Market. Turk and Mason StB. 

Humboldt Savings Bank. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1916, a dividend has been declare! at 

the rate of four (4) per cent per annu i on all savings deposits, payable 

on and after Saturday. July 1. inn;, I 'ividends not called for are added 
lo and bear tin same rate of Interest as the principal from July l. 1M6. 

ii. ■• KhKVKsAiu., Cashier. 
Office — 783 Market St.. near Fourth 

Union Trust Company of San Francisco. 

For the half-year ending June so 1916, a dividend lias been declar I 

Lhe rate of four i4) per cent pei annum on savings deposits, payabl* on 

and after July 1, 1916! Dividends not drawn are ;nliii-il in lhe depo 

counl and earn Interval 1 1 July L, L916, 

ii. VAN i.I'VK.n, Cashh r. 
Offlci — Market street and Grant avenue. 

The Hlbernla Savings and Loan Society. 
For the half year ending June 30, 1916, a dividend has been declared at 
in- rate oi four (4i per cent per annum on all deposit 
after Saturday, July l. 1916. Dividends not drawn will bi added to de- 
positors' account, be a pari thereof, and will earn dividend from July 

i 1916. Deposits mad' nil it before July 1". 1916, will draw interest from 
July l, 1916. 

r. m. Ti »BXN, Sect tary. 

Office — Corner Market, McAllister and Junes BtP 

Tel. Kearny 1461 

Private Exchange Connecting all Warehouses 


Warehousemen Forwarding Agents Distributors Public Weighers 

Spur Track Connection with all Railroads 

Main Office — 625-647 Third St., San Francisco, Cal. 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



of the Condition and Value of the Assets and Liabilities of 

ibernia lavinss 

and Loan Society 


DATED JUNE 30, 1916 

1— Bonds of the United States ($7,703,000.00), of the 
State of California and Cities and Counties there- 
of ($S,1!!S,250.00). of the State of New York ($2.- 
149,1)00.00), of the City of New York ($1, 450,000.00), 
of tlie State of Massachusetts (ft. 097.000.00), of the 
City of Chicago ($560,000.00). the actual value 

Of which is $21,750,712.99 

2— Cash in Vault 2,802,707.95 

3 — Miscellaneous Bonds '$1,1111. 000. 00). the actual value 

of which is 4,627,201.25 


They are: 

"Sen Francisco and North Pacific Railway Com- 
pany 6 per cent Bonds" ($476,000.00). "Southern 
Pacific Company, San Francisco Terminal I per 
cent Bonds" if?,50.000.00), "San Francisco and San 
Joaquin Valley Railway Company 5 per cent 
1, mills" ($35,000.00). "Northern California Railway 
C I v 5 per cent Bends" ($83,000.00), "Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company ft- per cent Bonde" 
($550,000.00). "Market Street Railway Company 
First Consolidated Mortgage 5 pel cent Bonds" 
($360,000.00), "Los Angeles Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany of California Refunding 5 per cent Bonds" 
($400,000.00). "Los Angeles Railway Compans of 
California 5 pi r cenl Bonds" I !S I "The 

Omnibus Cablt Company 6 per cent Bo 
($107,000.00), "Sutler Street in!,. r.impany 
E per cent Bonds" ($1511.1101111111, "C.iiURM Street 

Railwaj Companj 5 pet cent Bonds" 1*30.000.00). 
"The Merchants' Exchange 7 per c< nt Bonds" 
($1,325,000 1)0), "San From I 

C panj 1 ' per cenl Bonds H510 00 

\ n. :,i,,- 1 : 1 ■: ,'.. I "i, , 1 1 1 Com] ent Bonds" 

(1100,000,00), "Spring Valley Water Companj 
cent Bonds" ((60,000.00), "German House Assocla- 
tion pet cenl Bond ' I 

-Promissory Notes and the debts thereby secured, the 

tual t of which Is 32.900,943.71 

The condition of said PromlsBon N 

ill existing Contracts, 
,,w n,ii by said i ■ ftl le '" It 

at lis office, which is situated at the corner of 
Market, Mi vie In the City 

ami Count) of San Francis.',.. State Ol I 

and the payment there* d by First Bdort- 

within this £ d the 

stat, said Promlsaon Nob 

and held l>> said COI 'its sai-l ': 

1 is ils I'll' 

Motes and debts are then 

5 — Promissory Notes and the debts thereby secured, the 

actual value of which is 287,560.00 

The condition of said Promissory Notes and debts 
is as follows: They ore al] existing Contracts, 
owned by said Corporation, and are payable to 
it at its office, which is situated as aforesaid, and 
the payment thereof is secured by pledge and 
hypothecation of Bonds of Railroad and Quasl- 
Public Corporation? ami other securities. 

6 — (a) Real Estate situated in the City and County of 
San Francisco ($1,067,469.82), and in the Coun- 
ties el Santa Clara ($1.00), anil Alameda ($18,- 
387. SO) in this State, the actual value of which is. 1,985,858.62 
(b) The Land and Building in which said Corpora- 
tion keeps ils said office, tic? actual value of 

which is 972,705.57 

Tic condition of said Real Estate is that it be- 
longs to said Corporation, ami part erf it Is pro- 

7 — Accrued Interest on Loans and Bonds 253,048.57 

TOTAL ASSETS $65,580,738.66 


I — Said Corporation owes Deposits amounting 1 

the 1 "i which is $62,071,789.39 

Number of Depositors 87,945 

Average Deposit $705.80 

2 — Accrued Interest on Loans and Bonds 253,048.57 

3_R e8 erve Fund. Actual Value 3,255,900.70 

TOTAL LIABILITIES $65,580,738.66 


s TOBTN, Pres nt 


B] l: M TURIN 
City and County of San Fran 

J. S. TOBIN and I: M TOBIN, being each di 
himself, sins. That said .1 8. TOBIN I ami that said 1: 


SOCIETY, 11 rpoi Ltlon Aove mentioned, and thai 

mg statement Is true. 

J. s. TOBIN, President 

R. M. I "BIN, - 


,ml for the 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 

Little Girl — My father says he has often seen you act. 

Pleased Actress — What did he say he saw me in, dear? Little 
Girl — In the seventies. — Puck. 

"How many head of live stock you got on the place?" 

"Live stock?" echoed the somewhat puzzled farmer. "What do 
ye mean by live stock? I got four steam tractors and seven 
automobiles." — judge. 

Her Father — You've been calling on my daughter for 

some time, young man. Why don't you come down to busi- 
ness? Suitor- -Very well. How much are you going to leave 
her ? — Boston Transcript. 

Mrs. Snooper — Men make me tired. Mrs. Swayback — 

What's the matter now? Mrs. Snooper — My husband saw Mrs. 
Keedick yesterday, and I asked him what she had on, and he 
replied, "Oh, clothes." — Stiay Stories. 

The Young Man — "As a matter of fact, I think I've done 

rather well. You see, I've given four cousins and an uncle to 
the army, three nephews to the navy, and a sister and two aunts 
to the Red-Cross organization." — Punch. 

He — Sam is going to marry the rich widow Brown. She 

— Whaddye mean "Rich?" Why, she was married to that poor 
numismatist. He — Sure. I know. And when he died he left her 
all kinds of money. — Penn State Froth. 

"What gave you your start in public life?" asked the 

biographer. "I haven't time to think about that now," replied 
Senator Sorghum. "What I'm looking out for now is the way 
I'm liable to get my finish." — Washington Star. 

"Waiter," he suggested mildly, "I want three eggs, and 

boil them four minutes." But the cook, having only one in the 
place, boiled it twelve minutes. Which proves the value of 
higher mathematics. — Philadelphia Public Ledger. 

-"Of course, your wife favors votes for women?" "Yes," 

replied Mr. Meekton, "but I suspect she will find it hard to ap- 
prove of any plan that allows some of the women she knows to 
vote just the same as she does." — Washington Star. 

"Happiness," declaimed the philosopher pompously, "is 

only the pursuit of something, not the catching of it." "Oh, I 
don't know," answered the plain citizen. "Have you ever 
chased the last car on a rainy day?" — Dallas News. 

Lady Customer — Yes, this is better weather now. Some 

people think all the rain we had a little time ago was caused 
by the firing of heavy guns in Belgium. Dressfitter — I don't see 
how that can be, madam, for I remember we mostly had very 
fine weather during the South African war. — Punch. 

An advertisement of a recent sale ran thus: "The choice 

collection of bric-a-brac offered for sale is so unusual that it 
may safely be said each piece in it is calculated to create a 
sensation among people of artistic sense. Immediately on en- 
tering the room the visitor's eye will be struck by a carved 
walking stick of great weight and beauty." — Christian Register. 

"My husband has found a way by which he says I am 

of the greatest help to him in his literary work." "How nice 
that must be for you, my dear. But how are you able to do it?" 
"As soon as I see him at his desk I go into another room and 
keep perfectly quiet until he has finished." — New York Globe. 

Mrs. Mellen did not wish to offend her new cook. "John," 

she said to the man servant, "can you find out, without asking 
the cook, whether the tinned salmon was all eaten last night? 
You see, I don't wish to ask her, because she may have eaten it, 
and then she would feel uncomfortable," added the good soul. 
"If you please, ma'am," replied the man, "the new cook has 
eaten the tinned salmon, and if you was to say anything to her 
you couldn't make her feel any more unfomfortable than she 
is." — Christian Register. 

Crocker National Bank 


Condition at Close of Business, June 30, 1916 


Loans and Discounts $17,578,722.11 

U. S. Bones 2,001,200.00 

Other Bonds and Securities 1,357,293.26 

Capital Stock in Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco 120,000.00 

Customers' Liability under Letters o f Credit £07,619.34 

Cash and Sight Exchange 15,552,087.18 



Capital $ 2.000,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 3,416,330.54 

Circulation 1,958,000.00 

Letters of Credit 829,619.34 

Deposits 29,212.972.01 



Wm. H. Crocker President 

Chas. E. Green. .Vice-President 
J as. J. Fagan . . . . Vice -President 
W. Gre^g, Jr Cashier 

J. B. McCar^ar, Asst. Cashier 

G. W. Ebrer Asst. Cashier 

B. D. Dean Asst. Cashier 

J. M. Masten Asst. Cashier 

John Clausen, Mgr. Foreign Dept G. Feris Baldwin Auditor 


William H. Crocker 
Charles T. Crocker 
Frank G. Drum 
James J. Fagan 

Charles E. Green 
W. Gregg, Jr. 

A. F. Morrison 
Henry T. Scott 

George W. Scott 


Anglo & London Paris 
National Bank 


at the Close of Business June 30. 1916. 


Loans and Discounts $19,225,916.56 

U. S. Bonds to secure circulation at par 2. £00, 000. 00 

Other U. S. Bonds at par 100.000.00 

Other Bonds 4,087.859.00 

Other Assets 400.000.00 

Customers' Liability on Letters of Credit and Accept- 
ances 2,913,982.21 

Cash and Sight Exchange 18,313,182.35 



Capital Stock $ 4,000.000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 2,082,070.22 

Circulation 2,720,000.00 

Letters of Credit, Domestic and Foreign and Accept- 

ances 2.913.982.21 

Deposits 36,124.887.69 



President C I: PARKER, Cashier 


Vice-Pn sldi m H. CHOYNSKI. Asm 

J. PRIEDL.ANDER. J. W. I.I I.I i;.\TI I.W., JR, 

\ ii ! -I'l.-si.l.iH 

A. i.. LANGERMAN Sei n 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Greatest Motor Movement In Preparedness to Start To-Morrow 

The enthusiasm for the Business Men's Training Camp has 
been immeasurably increased through the development of the 
Mexican situation. No factor in preparedness is of more, if 
indeed of equal, importance than transportation. Without ade- 
quate transport an army is as helpless as a man without legs. 
And motor vehicles are used practically exclusively to-day. 

Automobile owners from all parts of Northern California 
have offered the use of their cars to the United States govern- 
ment next Sunday, July 9th, to transport recruits from San 
Francisco to the business men's training camp at Monterey. 

The cooperation of the owners of cars and the automobile 
dealers has assured cars enough to carry an army of 2,000 men 
from this city to the camp, a distance of 125 miles. 

The route followed will be over the State Highway from San 
Francisco via San Jose, Gilroy and Salinas to Del Monte, where 
the citizens' training camp will be established. 

The movement of the troops will be accomplished by dona- 
tion of motor vehicles from the automobile owners and dealers. 
Motorists will furnish cars and trucks for the demonstration, 
and army officers will direct the mobolization of the machines 
and men. 

The start will be made at the Civic Center at 7 o'clock. 

This will be the first time that such a large body of troops 
has been transported by automobiles on the Pacific Coast. Those 
in charge of the troop movement expect to make it a demon- 
stration of the efficiency of motor vehicles in quick mobilization. 

Although the trip is more than 100 miles, virtually all of the 
distance is over the State Highway, where an easy schedule 
can be maintained. The test will not prove a severe strain on 
the cars. 

The autos will be in charge of the government, and each car 
will be entitled to a guest besides the driver. Accommodations 
will be made for the driver and guest at the training camp on the 
night of July 9th. 

Details for the transportation test have been in charge of the 
following committee: W. L. Hughson, chairman; E. W. Mil- 
burn of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company; C. N. Weaver, Stude- 
baker agent; T. E. Skinner, of the Winton Motor Car Company; 
L. H. Rose, of the Rose-Chalmers Co.; F. L. DuBroy, Saxon 
distributor, and E. H. Martin, of the Howard Automobile Com- 

Frank E. Carroll, manager of the local branch of the Good- 
year Tire and Rubber Company, will have charge of lining up 
the cars for the start. C. C. Hopkins will represent the motor- 
cycle interests. More than forty riders of motorcycles will ac- 
company the troops as messengers and patrols. 

Distributors of motor trucks and several commercial houses 
will furnish trucks for carrying the equipment of the troops of 
the camp. Such companies as the Garford Motor Truck Com- 
pany, the Chicago Pneumatic Tool Company, the Moreland 
Motor Truck Company, the Four Wheel Drive Company, the 
Thomas B. Jeffery Company, the KisselKar Company and the 
Rothwelier Company. 

* * * 
Weekly Report 

Superintendent H. A. French of the State Motor Vehicle De- 
partment, reports the following registration and receipts to last 
Saturday, 1916: Registrations — Automobiles, 187,269; motor- 
cycles, 25,376; chauffeurs, 9,890; automobile dealers, 1,253; 
motorcycle dealers, 1,938. Receipts — Automobiles, $1,890,- 
199.39; motorcycles, $48,300; chauffeurs, $17,919.80; automo- 
bile dealers, $31,588.75; motorcycle dealers, $849.50; miscel- 
laneous $2,031.50. Total, $1,990,888.94. 

Four Wheel Drive Truck Favored by Army 

Another fleet ordered to Mexico. A land "fleet" of Dread- 
naughts this time, consisting of twenty-eight four wheel drive 
transport and supply trucks and five tank trucks for the use of 
the army in its operations on the border and in Mexico. Thirty- 
eight drivers will accompany this fleet, among the number be- 
ing several members of the Wisconsin National Guard, who 
will enter the federal service as civilian employees. 

This is the third fleet of trucks the Four Wheel Drive Auto 
Company of Clintonville, Wisconsin, manufacturers of the F. 
W. D. trucks, has supplied to the government within the last 
month or six weeks. 

The demand for F. W. D. trucks, both in this country and in 
Europe, for war uses as well as for the more peaceful pursuit 
of hauling merchandise and freight, has been so great that even 
with the addition of three units to the plant in a year, permit- 
ting of a much larger output, the company has been unable to 
take care of its increase of business, and has been obliged to 
consign large portions of its foreign orders to other motor car 
manufacturers on a royalty basis, in order to make deliveries 
within the time specified. 

Pedestrians Largely to Blame for Auto Fatalities 

When a few weeks ago the highly prejudiced National High- 
ways Protective Society caused to be published a report of 
street accidents in New York City, in which the automobile was 
"proved" to have been a veritable juggernaut, the general pub- 
lic was inclined to accept the statements of the "Society," and 
to place all the blame on the automobiles and their drivers. 
That this is an injustice to the automobile is plainly shown in 
the annual report of the New York Police Department. Ac- 
cording to this report, about to be issued, the accidents due to 
the fault of drivers of automobiles are but 6Vn per cent of the 
total number, and those due to carelessness, fault or incapacity 
of the injured pedestrians more than 81 per cent. 

Horse drawn trucks and wagons, which are usually spoken of 
in whispers by the "Highways" society, killed 100 people and 
injured 2,341 during the year 1915. In the same period motor 
trucks and motor delivery wagons, including U. S. Mail wagons, 
killed 105 and injured. 1,107. Passenger automobiles caused 
177 fatalities and 4,688 injuries. 

An analysis of the number of accidents due to vehicles of all 
kinds shows that 955 persons were hurt by running into or in 
front of moving vehicles; 1,296 were injured while improperly 
boarding or alighting from street cars; 417 while hanging on 
to moving vehicles, "stealing" a lide; 1,271 while roller skating 
or otherwise running in the middle of the street; 330 while in an 
intoxicated condition, etc. 

The most convincing statistics of all are those relating to 
street cars. Running on steel tracks, with noise enough to herald 
iheir approach for more than a block at the least, New York 
street cars injured and killed 1,771 people, as compared with 
1,212 accidents with motor trucks. And there are only 12,000 
electric cars on all the street railroads, subways and elevated 
roads of New York, while 12,575 motor trucks travel on the 
streets day and night. 

Exhilaration vs. Acceleration 

Manufacturers gave with great propriety the name of "ac- 
celerator" to the foot throttle. But the great public has proved 
unwilling to accept that terminology. In the law courts, the 
device is usually referred to as the "exhilarator," by witnesses, 
the word having caught the popular imagination for reasons not 
far to seek, and this has even gained such headway that an 
enthusiastic taxicab driver calls it the "excelsior." But the 
word that has the more general call is exhilarator. 

Record-Breaking Breaks Roads 

High speed on country roads in attempts to lower the trans- 
continental record for motor cars is breaking other things be- 
sides the records aimed at. Roads over which the speed is made 
how more wear and tear, and the California State Highway 
Commission has forbiden any further attempts at cross-conti- 
nental road racing — as far as California's excellent roads are 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 

Report of State Highway Commission 

Remarkable progress has been made in the development of 
the California Highway system. The latest report issued by 
the California Highway Commission shows just what has been 
accomplished with the $18,000,000 bonds and what it is pro- 
posed to accomplish with the additional $15,000,000 which will 
be voted on at the coming election. 

Out of the $15,000,000 bond issue, $12,000,000 will be used 
for the completion of the original system of trunk roads and 
countyseat laterals. Three million dollars will be applied on a 
county aid co-operation basis to the building of the following 
additional highways: 

An extension connecting the interior and coast main roads 
through Trinity and Humboldt Counties. 

An extension connecting the San Joaquin Valley trunk road 
between Merced and Madera, with the coast main road at or 
near Gilroy, Santa Clara County, via Pacheco Pass. 

An extension of the Mariposa County State highway lateral 
to El Portal, Mariposa County, the gateway to Yosemite Valley. 

An extension of the laterals between Visalia and Hanford, 
via Coalinga, to connect the San Joaquin Valley main road in 
Tulare County with the coast trunk road in Monterey County. 

An extension connecting the San Joaquin Valley trunk road at 
or near Bakersfield with the coast trunk road in San Luis Obispo 
County, via Cholame Pass. 

An extension of the San Bernardino County State highway 
lateral to Barstow in San Bernardino County. 

An extension connecting Antelope Valley, Los Angeles 
County, with the city of Los Angeles. 

An extension of the San Bernardino County State highway 
lateral to the Arizona State line near Yuma, via Brawley and El 
Centro in Imperial County. 

One thousand one hundred and twelve miles complete. 

The total length of the completed State Highway is 1,122 
miles. The graded roads not paved except with local gravels, 
aggregate 358 miles. The roads where surveys only have been 
made, and to build which the new bond issue is needed, total 
about 1,400 miles, including the mountain laterals. 

One of the biggest engineering problems that challenged the 
Highway Commission at the inception of its work was the loca- 
tion of the trunk road between Los Angeles and Bakersfield. 

The only highway between the San Joaquin Valley and the 
southern metropolis lay in part through the Mojave desert, and 
the distance between Los Angeles and Bakersfield via Tehach- 
api, the desert and Mint Canyon was about 170 miles. The so- 
called Tehachapi route traversed two mountain ranges, reaching 
an elevation of nearly 4,000 feet between Saugus and Palmdale, 
dropped 1,500 feet into Mojave desert and again climbed steep 
grades to an elevation of about 4,000 feet at Tehachapi. 

The so-called Ridge route begins at a point near Saugus in 
the northerly part of Los Angeles County, and by easy grades, 
in no place exceeding 6 per cent, climbs up on what is known 
as the Castaic Ridge. For a distance of about 2 miles, the State 
Highway follows on the Ridge, winding from one side to the 
other through the saddles, but keeping substantially the eleva- 
tion attained. Near the northerly end, after passing Liebre 
Mountain, the road descends to Bailey's ranch. From this 
point on, the highway follows the Tejon Pass, via Lebec, and 
comes out into San Joaquin Valley at a point near Rose Station. 

The completion of the Yolo basin trestle by the State High- 
way Commission was the occasion of a celebration May 11th to 
14th, in which practically the entire Sacramento Valley parti- 
cipated in the formal opening and dedication of this, the longest 
concrete trestle in the world. 

For forty years the people of Sacramento Valley had been 
dreaming of the day when the basin would be permanently 
bridged, and at last the dream has come true. 

The so-called Yolo basin is flooded annually for six or eight 
months, and is a part of the great marshy district extending 
from a point some fifteen miles north of Marysville to Rio Vista, 
a distance of more than 120 miles. The flooded territory is as 
wide as three miles in places. 

South of the bridge at Meridian, which lies due west of 
Marysville, there has been no way of crossing the overflowed 
sea in vehicles during the flood periods; and the east and west 
sides of the great Sacramento Valley have had no means of 
intercommunication by highway at such times. 

In a local way the Yolo basin causeway is even of larger 
significance to Sacramento Valley and Central California than 

ihe Panama Canal is to the country at large, slides or no slides. 
The design of this trestle was worked out by the engineering 

forces in the commission's office in Sacramento. 

* * • 

Motor Companies Contribute Employees to National Guard 

Developments of the week along the Mexican border brought 
the automobile industry conspicuously to the fore as an aid and 
exponent of National preparedness, at the same time affording 
its members opportunity to demonstrate the sincerity of their 
enthusiasm for the cause. In the important field of army trans- 
portation there were two developments, the United States army 
again increasing its purchases of trucks for the Mexican cam- 
paign, while the Motor Truck Club of America set on foot a 
project for the enlistment of truck owners in a volunteer equip- 
ment project looking toward the establishment of a permanent 
reserve of trucks. 

At the same time the mobilization of the militia in several 
States drew unexpectedly upon the operating forces of factories 
and retail establishments, immediately putting to the test the 
mettle of employers respecting their attitude toward those of 
their men who answered the call to arms. And to most of those 
in close touch with their country's needs it was a source of deep 
gratification that a great majority of concerns so tested quickly 
responded by offering protection for the positions of such ab- 
sentees, besides pledging anywhere from half to full pay dur- 
ing the enforced absence. 

* * * 

There are many garages in town, and the motorist is often 
in a quandary as to where to go, especially for permanent ser- 
vice. There are very few who give you the quality of service 
of Dow & Green, in Taylor street, between O'Farrell and Geary. 
Here your car will receive something more than the "once 
over," and the prices are moderate. 






JUNE 30, 1916 



Real Estate t 9,619 


Kir--'. Mortgage Loans 

Other Loans (Collateral and Personal) 

Ing Premises. Furniture. Fixtures and Saf< De- 
posit Vaults (Heart Office and Rninches) 

inini Real Estate 

Customers' Liability under Letters or Credit 

Othei Resources 

United States, stale. Municipal and 

oilier Bonds $6,306,819.01 

Cast 3,834,260.28 





hi 1 12,472 29 

Total J27.413.47H. 76 

Capital Fully Paid » 2,000.000.00 

Surplus J389.1OO.O0 

Undivided Profits 222.118.01 fill. 218.01 

Dividends Unpaid 70 

Letters at Credit 196 


Total $27,413,479.76 

A I'. Ciannini ami A IVdtini li.i-n; , a'-h svparal'ly duly sworn 

each lor himself, says thai said A P. Olannlni is President and 

that sai.l A. 1'eiirini Is Cashier of the Flank of Italy, the Corpora- 
tion above mentioned, and that every statement contained therein 
is true of our own knowledge and belief A. P. OIAXNIN'I 


Subscribed and sworn t-. before me tins 30th day of June, L916. 
THOMAS S.BUHNES, Notary Public, 

The Story of Our Growth 

As shown by a Comparative Statement of Our Resources 

DECEMBER 31. 1904 «-'*V I « "7 

DECEMBER Jl. IMS - »l.MUW.8ft 

DECEMBER 81. l'jnf, H,S99.947.2« 

DECEMBER 31. 1907 $2,221,347.15 

DECEMBER 31, 1908 ------ S2.S74.004 90 

DECEMBER 81. 19 9 $3,817,217 79 

DECEMBER 31, 1910 - - - S6,539,861.49 

DECEMBER 31, 1911 - - - $8,379,347.02 
DECEMBER 31. 1912 - - $11,228,814.56 
DECEMBER 31. 1913 - - $15,882,911.61 

DECEMBER 31, 1914 - $18,030,401.59 
December 31,1915 $22,32 1 ,860.69 

June 30, 1916 $27,413,479.75 

December 31, 1915—58,854 June 30, 1916 — 68,356 

Savings Deposits Made on or Before July 10, 1916, will earn In- 
terest from July 1, 1916. 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Clinic for "Speedltls" In New York 

Following the example of Chicago, New York City opened on 
June 14th its first traffic court for the exclusive trial of cases 
involving alleged violations of traffic laws. Chief Magistrate 
McAdoo formally dedicated ihe new court as a clinic for the 
cure of a disease very prevalent amongst motorists, known as 
"speeditis." Several officials of the traffic department made ap- 
propriate speeches, and Magistrate Frederick B. House, who 
has been assigned to the court for this year, started the "ball 
rolling" by fining leniently a chauffeur $2 for driving on the 
wrong side of the highway. 

* * * 

California Thieves Use New York 

According to a statement made by the police department of 
San Francisco, Cal., clews have been discovered pointing to the 
existence of a nation-wide automobile thieves' syndicate, with 
headquarters in New York, and distributing agents all over the 
world. Nearly two hundred cars have been stolen by this syn- 
dicate in California alone, and shipped to cities in the Middle 
West and East, as well as to Australia, England and New 
Zealand. The central exchange of the syndicate exchanges 
bodies, motors and other parts, making the machines practically 
unrecognizable. Four men are now under arrest in San Fran- 
cisco, charged with belonging to the marauding band. 

* * * 

Chicago-New York Record by Chalmers 

Driving a Chalmers "Six- 30" roadster, B. F. Durham, of De- 
troit, last month covered the distance between Chicago and 
New York in 31 hours flat, reaching his goal in a steady down- 
pour. By his performance he lowered the record between the 
two cities, held by E. C. Patterson, of Collier's Weekly, in a 
Packard "Six-38," with 35 hours 45 minutes. Durham drove 
the car throughout the trip, with the exception of a short dis- 
tance, during which A. E. Walden took the wheel. Frequent 
detours were necessary because of torn-up roads, steep grades 

and narrow trails, which made traveling exceedingly hazardous. 

* * * 

Change In Rose-Chalmers Forces 

A change of interest to the local automobile trade was an- 
nounced last Saturday by L. H. Rose, distributor of Chalmers 
cars, to the effect that R. S. Elliott had been appointed sales 
manager of the Rose-Chalmers Company. Elliott will have con- 
trol of the sales of the new Chalmers machines in this field, and 
will make his headquarters in San Francisco. 

Elliott is one of the best known men in the western automo- 
bile trade, having been associated with several of the largest 
distributors of machines on this Coast. He has had a great 
deal of experience in the distribution of high-grade cars and 
in his new position he will devote his time to perfecting a big 
sales organization. 






Tips to Automobilists 


The Newt Letter recommend* the following garage*, hotel* and eupply 

house* Tourleta wltl do well to cut thl* Met out and keep It at a guide: 

PALO ALTO.— LARK1NS CAKE -Just opened. The only itrlctly Hrat- 
class cafe on the Wishbone Route devoted to the patronage of automobile 

owners and their families. Corner of 1'nlverslty avenue and The Circle 

SAN JOSE. l.AMOLbE GRILL. 36-38 North Etret atreet The l>e*l 
French dinner In California, 76 cents, or a la carte. Automobile partle* 
Riven particular attention. 

PALO ALTO.— PALO ALTO GARAGE. 443 Emmerson St.. Tel.. P. A 
333. Auto livery at all hours. Tires and sundries In stock. Gasoline, oil. 
repairing, latnework. vulcanizing. O^i day and nlgbt 



819-835 ELLIS ST. 


Between Polk and 
Van Ness Avenue 

Know What You Are Going to Pay. Ask 


" the man zvho knows " 

1445 BUSH ST. Phone Franklin 2190 

General automobile repairing. Reboring and rebuild- 
ing of motors a specialty. Only first class work handled 
and all work guaranteed. Gray and Davis starting and 
lighting systems repaired. 

Rayfield Carburetor Service Station. 


"It suits because itdoesnt soot" 

If you want to prolong the life of your engine 
If you want to eliminate smoke and carbon 
If you want to reduce your oil expense 

Use MoToRoL 

Hughson & Merton, Inc. 

530 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco, Cal. 


PROOF BUILDING Phones— Park 8886, Park S138 








8th ar 

d Market Sts. San Francisco 



Long Mileage Tires and Second-Hand Tires 
Everything Needed for the Bus 

1135 VAN NESS AVE.— Near Geary Phone PROSPECT 1566 

Automobile Starting and Lighting Systems 
Give Satisfactory Results When Given Proper Attention 

We specialize on electrical equipment, storage batteries, etc. 
and guarantee satisfaction. 


639 Van Ness Ave. BRAND 4 CUSHMAN Phone Prospect 741 


Strictly Fire Proof Buildlnfe 





Doings** 5 * 

J. B. Kelly J. H. Ross 

Kelly Ball Bearing Co 


New and Rebuilt 
Ball Bea rings 


1155 Van Ness Avenue 

Phone Prospect 4300 Sin Francisco. Cal. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 


In the summer season, perhaps more than at any other time, 
it is the little things of dress which count in the wardrobe. The 
sheer lingerie frock gathers much of its charm from the bright 
girdle, the touch of color at the throat, the well fitting pump, or 
boot, dainty stockings and gloves and the wide brimmed, be- 
coming hat which completes it. Without these finishing touches 
the frock itself might fall short of expectations. 

Summer Footwear. 

Although the high laced boot was chic and becoming with 
the short tailored skirt, and is still a favorite in white canvas, 
buckskin, and the soft gray and tan leathers, the low shoe is 
much in demand. The old-time Colonial pump with huge 
buckle and more or less exaggerated tongue, according to per- 
sonal fancy, is a general favorite. These are equally modish in 
the dull calf or bright patent leather. Another favorite in low 
shoes is the perfectly plain pump of calf or patent leather. This 
is made with a rather long vamp, and fits smoothly over the 
instep, being finished with a bow of leather, a small buckle, or 
no ornament at all. There is variety in heels also; the medium 
high heel is generally favored for street wear, the French heel 
for evening and there is a comfortable and good looking low 
heel for those who do not care for the higher one for street wear. 


Satin Afternoon Dress 

© Mcull 

Street Dress with Cape 

Sport shoes are particularly charming, being low of heel, broad 
of toe, and most comfortable as well as chic. There are rubber- 
soled and heeled canvas shoes, high and low, for tennis, golf 
and similar sports ; substantial looking shoes for walking, moun- 
tain climbing and the more strenuous of out-of-door purposes. 
These come in tan or black and lend themselves to any appro- 
priate out-of-door costume. For those who favor the flat-heeled, 
broad-toed shoe, there are a number of modish low shoes, on 
the Oxford type, which may be appropriately worn with the 
tailored suit or dress for street and business wear. 

What's New in Neckwear. 

Neckwear is particularly interesting this summer. The vari- 
ous collars and jabots now modish offer limitless ways of chang- 
ing or brightening up a frock or blouse. 

?erhaps the very newest idea in neckwear is the shoulder 
cape of white, black, Java brown, or other favored shade, of 
crepe Georgette, trimmed with bands of ermine, beaver, or 
moleskin. The short-haired furs are preferred for these capes. 
While these novelties are a bit absurd, still, they are effective 
and becoming, and afford quite a bit of warmth, worn in the 
evening over the sheer lingerie frock or the filmy dance dress. 

The jabot frill of chiffon, net, picot-edged Georgette, or or- 

gandy, is an effective accessory with the tailored suit; it is 
worn oftentimes with the coat, and then again it is a part of 
the blouse. The jabot blouse is one of the popular models of 
the season. 

There are attractive sets of Quaker collar and the various 
other models, with cuffs to match, in lawn, organdy, crepe Geor- 
gette and net; many of them in the soft pastel tones so much 
favored this summer. These are worn with frocks of dark linen 
or serge, and with the tailored suit. Now and then one sees a 
becoming high stock with sports blouse or street frock, but the 
open throat is the rule, although both high and low collars are 
modish. In order to be smart, a high collar must fit perfectly, 
and be well adjusted. 

Girdles and sashes are another means of introducing a bit of 
color contrast. These girdles and sashes are offered in great 
variety in the shops, and belts are once more coming into favor. 
With the trim tailored dress of serge or linen, the narrow, flat 
sash encircling the waist, crossing in back, and tying in front 
or at the side front, in a loose knot, is a great favorite. These 
sashes are usually made of the same material as the dress, or 
of satin. Ends are finished with a tassel or a bead design. For 
lingerie frocks and dance dresses the wide ribbon girdle or the 
silk or satin sash is modish. Dresden ribbons, with the design 
worked out in metallic threads, are worn considerably with 
dance and evening dresses. 

The strictly tailored suit is completed with a narrow leather 
belt, or a stitched belt of the material. 

Buttons and buckles must not be forgotten in the summer 
scheme, for they are becoming daily more and more important. 
The dark serge frock has a row of satin-covered buttons, usu- 
ally in a contrasting color, from collar to hem, or a row from 
shoulder to wrist. It is predicted for fall that we will wear 
button boots again, and that not only will they have the single 
line of buttons at the closing, but a double row. 




Since 1875 the Historic Hotel of San Francisco 

European Plan Only. Rates from $2 per day upward. 


The Most Superbly Situated Hotel in the World. 
Under Same Management. 


Club Room Luncheon for Men, 50 Cents. 

Tea and Music in the Lounge Every Afternoon. 

Dancing in the Rose Room Every Evening Except 

Turkish Baths---For Women, Eleventh Floor. 

For Men, Twelfth Floor. 
Indoor Golf on the Roof of the Annex. 
Kindergarten forthe Convenience of Women Shopping, 

and for Regular Instruction. 

Los Angeles 





San Jo 


San Francisco 

July 8, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



"Eleanor of the Houseboat." 

Louise M. Breitenbach knows the longings, life and inherent 
impulses of young folk, and through the present "Alma" series 
she portrays them in a spirit that is a passport to the hearts of 
her wide field of readers. In "Eleanor of the Houseboat," she 
still exercises her old charms and conjures up scenes and com- 
plications which perennially delight and fascinate her young 
readers. Eleanor's adventures range from her surprising ac- 
quaintance with the spider through queer experiences in the 
Gingerbread House, Pilly-Winky and Winky-Pop," the Bird 
Girl, Ghosts, Fairies and the like. 

Illustrations by Charles E. Meister. Price $1.50. Published 

by The Page Company, Boston. 

* * * 

"Peeps Into the Psychic World." 

This story of M. Macdermot Crawford recites the history of 
a famous mummy-case, stolen by Arabs in Egypt, sold to Mr. 
Douglas Murray, and by him presented to the British Museum. 
Its progress to that resting place was marked by accidents of 
every kind, from the loss of an arm' by Mr. Murray, to the 
death of a photographer, who "took" the mummy-case on a 
film. So alarming were the events that followed its arrival at 
the museum that the case was sold to an American collector, who 
sent it to America in the Titanic on its ill-fated voyage. At 
the bottom of the sea the unlucky case now rests, where it can 
plague nothing but deep-sea inhabitants — unless the German 
submarines, on their trans-oceanic voyages, so often heralded, 
should encounter its restless demon. 

Published by J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. 

* * * 

When East Meets West. 

Hamlin Garland, whose newest book of Western fiction, 
"They of the High Trails," has just been published by the Har- 
pers, has been spending some days at Orono, Maine. Mr. Gar- 
land was asked to deliver the commencement address at the 
University of Maine, located at Orono. He found that the 
Garlands "were as I hick as blackberries" in that part of New 
England, which is a long distance from Mr. Garland's adopted 

country of the Rockies in "They of the High Trails." 

* * * 

"Pan-A mericanism." 

Roland G. Usher says that his interpretation of European 
diplomacy in "Pan-Americanism," and his other books, is de- 
rived originally from studies that he was privileged to make 
shortly after he left college, among the secret archives of the 
English sovereigns and their foreign ministers during the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth and the years immediately subsequent. He 
attached no particular importance to the conception of diplo- 
macy and strategical geography implied in these old letters un- 
til, some years later, in reading the correspondence of Napoleon 
he discovered to his great surprise that the great conqueror pro- 
ceeded on precisely the same assumptions in regard to the 
secret policies of European nations. He then went to Bis- 
marck's correspondence, and found that he, too, was of the 
same faith. Metternich, Cavour, Disraeli, he discovered also 
believed these same facts to be true. Thus, Mr. Usher was 
led to feel that the past policies of the United States have been 
based upon quite erroneous assumptions with regard to the 
real policies of the Old World. 

Published by The Century Company, New York. 

* * * 

"The Night Cometh." 

In some ways this is the most thoughtful book that has come 
from the pen of Paui Bourget, the gifted French writer. It is 
an intimate revelation, too, of his religious convictions. For 
the last twelve or thirteen years Bourget has been a Catholic. 
His conversion when he was approaching the age of fifty 
caused considerable sensation. His biographer, the Abbe 
Dimnet, says that Bourget associated the catastrophies of 
French history with the growth of materialism, the ethical un- 
certainty, and the break-down of religious faith. In "The Night 
Cometh" the triumph of faith over disbelief is told in a poign- 
nant human drama set against the background of the war. a 
war which has revived the religious fervor that enables men 
to bear great sufferings nobly, uncomplainingly, even in a spirit 
of exultation. The scene is a military hospital behind the fight- 

ing line. The intimate knowledge of surgery incidentally re- 
vealed by the author is accounted for by the fact that, after 
taking his licentiate's degree in 1872 and before taking up a 
rareer of letters, he attended for a time the Medical Schools. 
Published by G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 

You can imagine what the Europeans would do with the Hud- 
son if they had it — the Dickenses, the Hugos, who have wound 
and curled the murky streams of Thames and Seine through 
the life of their capitals, making the river a force, an agent, a 
mirror, a commentator upon the life on its banks. Yet what is 
the tiny current of the Seine to the mighty sweep of the Hud- 
son ? What are the lights on the bridges of Paris to the thou- 
sand lights of mystery that swing along the base of the Pali- 
sades north and south — lights of heavy, squat barges lost in 
the shadows ; lights on trim, white yachts reflected in the sheen 
of their enamel ; and the sudden upflare of huge spouts of flame 
from the furnaces and gas-houses on the western bank? It is 
only a question of finding our Dickens, Wordsworth or Hugo, 
before the electric blaze of the great real-estate advertising 
frames on top of the Palisades is coined into legend and story. 
— Simeon Strunsky in Harper's Magazine for July. 

The New 
Poodle Dog 

Hotel and Restaurant 

At Corner 

Polk and Post 


San Francisco 


Franklin 2960 

San Francisco's Leading 
French Restaurant 


French Dinner Every 
Evening, 75 Cents 
Sunday, $1.00 


362 Geary Street 

Above Hotel St. Francis 

Telephone Sutter 1572 

O'Farrell and Larkln 


No visitor should leave the city without see- 
ing the finest cafe in America 



J Bcrtri 

<:. Mailbebuau 




41S-42I Bilk St.. Saa Fraoeaco Mx>»e Haaroy t iraiaae. Doailai 1411 


Mme. C. La FON 

Firat Clau Work at Reasonable Pricea 

Lacea and Lace Curtains a Specialty 

Club. Reataurant and Hotel Service 


Phone Park 4962 





Gives that delicately dear and refined 
complexion which every woman desires. 
Keeps away skin troubles. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 8, 1916 


Frank J. Devlin, manager of the Pacific Coast department of 
the Atlas Assurance, is the author of a plan to insure the lumber 
plants of the Coast modeled upon the Western Factory Asso- 
ciation of Chicago. Much interest has been taken in the move- 
ment by the members of the Pacific Board, and it is probable 
that such a bureau will be organized. Much of this business 
is at present being written by mutual companies, owing to the 
unprofitable nature of this class of business. With proper in- 
spection and an effort to standardize such hazards, it is believed 
that a profit could be derived, especially as in the poorer class 
of plants the risk would be divided among the members and a 
better average be thus obtained. 

* * * 

Commissioner Wells, of Oregon, says that "many of the bet- 
ter class of insurance agents" favor a proposed statute entitled 
the "Agents' Qualification and License Law," which he has 
recommended for adoption by the next legislature. Another 
measure recommended by him which will give the commis- 
sioner authority to inspect and review all rating bureaus is said 
by him to meet with the favor of all companies "which are at 

present discriminating in rates." 

* « * 

Wayman & Henry, general agents in the Pacific Coast field 
for the Sun of London, National of Hartford, Colonial, Mer- 
chants & Traders, Michigan Fire and Marine, and Sun Under- 
writers, have added the Patriotic Assurance, Ltd., of Dublin, 
Ireland, to their agency, and will establish it in their territory. 
The Patriotic was represented on the Coast in the nineties by 
Charles J. Okell, at present local representative of the Em- 
ployers' Liability, but afterward withdrew from the United 


* t ■-■■ 

The Life Underwriters Association of Santa Barbara, Cal., 
was organized on July 1st. Addresses were made by John 
Newton Russell, of the Pacific Mutual, G. A. Rathburn of the 

Equitable, and Irwin Muma, of the Aetna. 

* * * 

The West Coast-San Francisco Life, through Secretary Gor- 
don Thomson, announced on June 28th that the company had 
arranged to issue permits to all policyholders who might be 
called for service on the border. Although the company's poli- 
cies carry a war clause calling for extra premium in case of 
war duty, this clause has been ignored and many permits 


* * * 

June closed with big grain fires on the west side of the San 
Joaquin River, doing a total damage of $100,000. Up to July 
1st there had been more fires than ever before in a single sea- 
son. Most of the grain destroyed was insured. It is possible 
that the rates for insurance on growing grain in this district may 

be advanced next season. 

* * * 

The Marsh & McLellan general agency has leased ground 
floor space in the Royal Building, Sansome and Pine streets, 
and are now ready for business in the new quarters. The loca- 
tion was formerly occupied by the Coast agency of the Royal 

Indemnity as conveniently situated in the insurance center. 

* * * 

J. P. Fordyce has succeeded R. M. Malpas as agency mana- 
ger of the New World Life. It will be remembered that Mr. 
Malpas was last month promoted to the position of assistant 
general manager of the Western Union Life. 

* * » 

The Great Republic Life, of Los Angeles, is now comfortably- 
domiciled in its new home on the sixth floor of the Mortgage 
Guarantee Building, 626 South Spring street. The move was 
made imperative owing to the rapid growth of the company's 
business and the cramped quarters in the Brockman building. 

George H. Beaudry, for seven years the actuary of the West 
Coast Life, and who left the position upon the amalgamation of 
that Company with the San Francisco Life, is now actuary for 
the Continental Life of Salt Lake City. Mr. Beaudry's friends 
in San Francisco will be glad to hear of his speedy connection 

with so good a company. 

* ► * 

P. H. Huber has succeeded O. J. Smith as chief inspector 
for the California Inspection Rating Bureau. Mr. Smith has 
been transferred to Chicago, where he will occupy the position 
of manager for the Illinois bureau. J. C. Chandler succeeds 
Henry Holland as manager of the bureau's Los Angeles branch 


* * * 

The State Board of Harbor Commissioners has chartered 
three launches to act as patrol boats along the San Francisco 
water front in an effort to prevent a repetition of fires that have 

caused extensive damage to a number of wharves recently. 

* * * 

W. S. Gill, an old time special agent who, up to a year ago, 
covered Coast territory for different companies, has hung out 
his shingle in San Francisco as an independent adjuster. 

Wedding Presents. — The choicest variety to select from at 
Marsh's, who is now permanently located at Post and Powell 

and ST. LOUIS 

2 Daily Trains 

Los Angeles, Tucson and El Paso 
"Golden State Limited" 

Through Standard and Tourist Pullman cars from San 
Francisco, Ferry Station, 6:00 p. m. and 10:40 a. m., re- 

"The Californian" 

Standard Pullman and Tourist car connection to Kansas 
City, from San Francisco, Ferry Station, 9:00 p. m. 
For Tickets and Berths Ask Agents of 

Southern Pacific 

Palace Hotel 
Flood Building 

Third St. Station 
Ferry Station 

El Paso & Southwestern 
Rock Island Lines 

691 Market Street 


or Business Stationery. "Mad*- a lit;], better than m a 
surj ." The typewriter papen are ->>M in attractive and dnral^ Inlns: five 

- I -heets. plain or marginal ruled. The manuscript cot 

- containing One hundred sheets. 
order throu yur printer <>r stationer, or. if bo desired, we trill Bend a saim 
showing the entire line. 


Established 1855 








Home Industry 

tn>uirfw4 jmy —. at 


Devoted to the Leading Interests of California and the Pacific Coast. 

Vol. XCII 

San Francisco, Cal., Saturday, July 15, 1916 

No. 3 

TISER is printed and published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred- 
erick Marriott, 21 Sutter street, San Francisco, Cal. Tel. Kearny 3594. 
Entered at San Francisco, Cal., Post-office as second-class mail matter. 

London Office — George Street & Co., 30 Cornhill, E. C, England. 

Matter intended for publication in the current number of the SAN 
be sent to the office not later than 5 p. m. Wednesday. 

Subscription Rates (including postage) — 1 year, $4.00; 6 months, $2.25. 
Foreign — 1 year, $6.00; 6 months. $3.25. 

Ford's political machine isn't proving so successful as 

the one that made him rich and famous. 

The newspapers seem never to weary of keeping up their 

guessing contest on the Mexican situation. 

Victor Murdock declares that he is on the fence politi- 
cally. Well, nobody cares much which way he jumps. 

Kipling christened the Russian "The bear that walks like 

a man." Events are proving that he also fights like a man. 

Dario Resta has broken another automobile record by 

going 109 miles an hour. He should Restawhile on his laurels. 

"The world's a stage," said Shakespeare. Maybe it was 

in your time, William. At the present writing it is a slaughter 

A despondent inventor tried to end his life with gas and 

failed. One might think he could have invented an efficacious 

National Guardsmen who went to the border with visions 

of wielding the sword found themselves wielding the pick and 
shovel instead. 

Los Angeles sent more men to the training camp at Mon- 
terey than San Francisco did. Free board appeals to the aver- 
age Los Angelan. 

It is recorded that a citizen, set upon by five soldiers, 

more or less, suffered only minor abrasions. We certainly do 
lack preparedness. 

If there is anything calculated to spread infantile paraly- 
sis it is the hysteria that it has engendered among those who 
are always ready for a panic. 

England and Germany are still disputing as to which was 

the heaviest loser in the North Sea fight. Meantime the fishes 
are hungrily awaiting another battle. 

Johnson says he doesn't want to go to the United States 

Senate unless the people demand it, and he gives a whole flock 
of reasons why they should insist on sending him. 

Correspondents of the daily press roar with grief be- 
cause rotten fruit is sold to them, and milk delivered to them in 
filthy bottles. They want to know what is the matter with the 
Board of Health. Forty boards of health couldn't help the in- 
competent who hasn't the brains to pick out decent food or to 
get another milkman. 

Hayward announce', that it is on the road to eclipsing 

Petaluma as a poultry center. That's all very interesting — but 
will somebody tell us where we can get some fresh eggs? 

The sort of people who run races in automobiles with 

trains, try to beat the locomotive to the crossing, and are made 
into mincemeat, are the sort that we can well afford to lose. 

The Standard Oil has added five cents a barrel to the 

price of crude oil, at the same time announcing that it will pay 
five cents more a barrel to producers. There's where Paul gets 
what Peter loses. 

The press-agents of Hughes are endowing him with so 

many virtues and charming personal attributes that it seems a 
shame to have to beat him — which is just what is going to hap- 
pen to the poor gentleman. 

Girl tells the police that a man friend walked into her 

room at three in the morning, hit her in the face, and walked 
out. Moral : Real nice girls should keep their doors locked at 
3 a. m., and other hours adjacent thereto. 

Holding up travelers as they enter the State to see if 

there is a remote possibility that they may have come from or 
passed through a place where there were suspicions of infantile 
paralysis is a good way to boom the tourist business. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan and his peace advocates have de- 
cided that there shall be no war in Mexico. The fact that the 
President reached the same decision first by several days sort 
of robs the Jordan pronunciamento of weight and distinction. 

They are talking of running Ford on the Prohibition 

ticket for President. Go ahead, Henry — you have accustomed 
the people to expecting you to do something funny now and 
then, and shouldn't disappoint them now when such a good op- 
portunity offers. 

It is proposed so to change the city charter that we can 

get through the primary and the election at one balloting, and 
at a saving of $50,000 to the city on each contest at the polls. 
Sounds too good to be true — also too good to receive the en- 
dorsement of the professional politician. 

Villa has been reported recently as almost dead; as real 

cead; as buried; as alive and roaring for blood; as alive, but 
limpy from wounds; as alive, but merely able to hobble on a 
crutch. Of course, the varying stories come from eye-witnesses 
— so we are under the painful necessity of believing all of 

Southern California man committed suicide by lighting 

a fuse attached to a stick of dynamite and holding the same 
against his body until it exploded. It would be of psychologi- 
cal interest to know whether, under such conditions, the fuse 
seemed to burn slowly or rapidly. But we have an aversion, 
even in the interests of phychology, to find out at first hand. 


The S. P. Co. and the 
Threatened Strike. 

President William Sproule 
of the Southern Pacific Com- 
pany, Pacific system, has is- 
sued a strong appeal to its 
52,500 employees to seriously 
consider their positions, their 
pensions, their transportation 
privileges and the welfare of 
their families and vote against 
the strike that has been set by 
the brotherhood of the four 
larger organizations of rail- 
way employees. The move- 
ment extendi to Canadian 
railways, a field covering 280,- 
000 miles of line. It is the 
biggest railway strike that has 
threatened the country. Three 
hundred thousand men are in- 
volved; the increase of pay 
amounts to 25 per cent of the 
present wage and overtime 
pay over that fixed by the ar- 
bitration, and would add $100,- 
000 a year to railroad operat- 
ing expenses, according to 
statements presented by ex- 
pert railway officials. Since 
1903 the increase in pay of 
engine and train employees amounts to approximately 36 per 

The position of the Southern Pacific Company is that it is 
not responsible for the present agitation, and has no desire to 
change the existing rates of pay or working conditions, unless 
forced to do so in the demands originated by representatives of 
the men in engine, train and switching service. Claim is made 
that no just reason for thus interrupting the service exists. 
The railroads have offered to arbitrate every question raised 
by the demands which have been presented. The representa- 
tives of the men, however, rejected this offer and have issued 
strike ballots. 

Accordingly the Southern Pacific management has concen- 
trated on the hope that the men in this division will vote against 
the strike, and that all other employees will use their individual 
and collective influence toward the same end. Only in this 
way will railroad service continue uninterrupted to the public 
and the company continue to receive its earnings, which are 
absolutely necessary for its continuance in performing its pub- 
lic duties. 

The management stands absolutely on the square deal in this 
crisis, and asks for a settlement by arbitration on all the ques- 
tions in dispute. 

No fairer demand could be made, and labor's refusal to meet 
it indicates a weakness somewhere in its position. The public, 
through its many organizations, should make itself felt in this 
crisis. A time has come in the affairs of trade, business and 
industrialism in this country when arbitrary action and an utter 
disregard of fair play must cease. This government should take 
a hand in this controversy, which very likely will be done, and 
organizations of labor and other callings should be made to 
understand that acts violating the public weal and public peace 
are intolerable and will not he countenanced. 


The aggressive in the European 
war has passed to the entente allies, 
and the Germans are now on the 
defensive on all fronts, a significant 
change from a Teuton point of view, for it is an axiom with 
German war critics that the defensive spells defeat eventually. 
Signs are not wanting, if the recent trench lines of the Germans 
are crumpling up due to the fact that their losses in men have 
reached a point where they lack the necessary reserves to man 
the extended lines on the Russian and French fronts. This 

means that they will be ob- 
liged to retreat to a narrower 
base. Very likely such new 
bases of defense have already 
been prepared on both fronts. 
These withdrawals on their 
part will prove costly in men, 
munitions and stores, if the 
entente forces are on the alert, 
as they are very likely to be. 
A retreat of this character is 
recognized by experts as be- 
ing extremely hazardous and 
costly under the best of cir- 
cumstances. If the Germans 
are caught in the open and in 
scattered formation, it will go 
extremely hard with them, as 
has been demonstrated in the 
recent retreat on the Russian 
front. In solid formation the 
Germans are among the best 
fighters in the world, due to 
their life-long training as part 
of a compact machine taking 
orders. War critics have dis- 
covered that when in open and 
scattered formation they lack 
initiative and elan; they seem 
to miss the helpful elbow 
touch of their fellows, and are 
far less aggressive, where an American or an Englishman, like 
individual fighters, are ready and determined. This character- 
istic of the Germans has been observed in their single and group 
contests with other nations in the Olympic games. Austria's 
collapse before the big drive of the Russians is likely to de- 
velop important changes diplomatically, for the Cossacks will 
likely be battering at the gates of Hungary at an early day. 
Hungary has no ambition to serve as a buffer on the dual em- 
pire. To protect her own interest Hungary is very likely to sue 
for peace and preserve the integrity of her borders. A move of 
this kind would sign the collapse of the western defense of 

U. S. — "/( wouldn't take long to lick him, but then I'd have 
to nurse him back to health." — Carter in the New York Evening 

California Practicing 

Germany on 
The Defensive 

The San Francisco contingent and 
the soldier boys about the bay made 
an active showing in their journey 
to Monterey where the national 
summer camp under regular government rules is now under- 
way. With their usual whole-heartedness and ready hand for 
anything in the public service, the Automobile Dealers' Asso- 
ciation, with W. L. Hughson chairman of the Transportation 
Committee, made and handled all the arrangements for trans- 
porting the militia from the several points around the bay to 
the camp, about one hundred miles. This would have occa- 
sioned prolonged delay in other hands but under those of the 
experienced committee the work slipped along in record time, 
despite the fact that 600 recruits were handled and the 150 au- 
tomobiles had to range over widely separated points in order 
to assemble the several companies. The militia in the Los 
Angeles territory, numbering 800 men, reached camp by train 
expeditiously. Both tryouts were comparatively small units 
of troops and both were handled in soldierly fashion. 

But there is a wide distance between even the seasoned mili- 
tiamen and the "rookie." That is what the government is try- 
ing to instil in the present scattered military encampments, the 
first step in its Preparedness. Major-General J. Franklin Bell, 
commanding the Western Department, gave a national aspect 
to the gathering by officially opening the ceremonies. Briga- 
: er-General W. L. Sibert will be responsible for drumming the 
new recruits into proper shape, under provisions carefully ar- 
langed by the government authorities at Washington. The 
government, in its determined effort to get practical results, 
'.as thrown open its military reservations, wherever convenient, 
lor artillery companies to use the grounds for gun practice 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Several companies of the Fifth Regiment of the National 
Guard, which represents the units of companies clustered arc.nd 
the bay of San Francisco, have found themselves in an irritat- 
ing quandary since their arrival in the camp assigned them 
at Nogales on the Mexican border line. In every respect the 
regiment has made an excellent showing in soldierly qualities, 
and the members are making a name for themselves as being 
standardized fit and qualified. Indeed, the Machine Gun Com- 
pany of the Fifth came in for special commendation on account 
of its solierly qualities from the regular army inspector. 

The predicament in which the San Francisco companies find 
themselves, the crack Machine Gun Company and Company B, 
Signal Corps, Fifth Regiment, is because no provision has been 
made for the "extras" which the government does not provide. 
Among these "extras" are the usual cooks and other necessaries 
which the two companies now lack. In the case of the other 
twelve companies of the regiment, their needs in this respect 
were amply provided for by the citizens of their towns who 
donated sufficient money to purchase the "extras" and the 
necessary utility men. The members of the Machine Gun Com- 
pany and the Signal Corps contributed their own pocket money 
as long as it lasted; now that it is gone, they are in extremity. 

San Jose provided $1,000 for the two companies, Company 
B and Company M, sent from its district. All the other com- 
panies received ample donations in money from the chambers 
of commerce of their respective towns, and accordingly feel 
quite content with the situation. Nothing of a practical charac- 
ter is being done to relieve the predicament of the two companies 
representing San Francisco at the front. In the meantime they 
are sweltering in the heat and working overtime and struggling 
to bridge the lack of the absolute necessaries not supplied by 
the government. 

The Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco should step into 
this unexpected breach, and, under the strong plea of Prepared- 
ness which is sweeping over the nation, subscribe $1,000 and 
send it to their soldier representatives on the Mexican border, 
Machine Gun Company, and Company B, Signal Corps, Fifth 
Infantry, N. G. C. Both are doing their best for California, and 
under the circumstances they deserve their home-town support. 

Virtually all of the troops assigned to the Nogales district 
are now under canvas in a dozen camps semi-circling the town. 
Most of these camps are complete down to the last detail of 
camp comfort, efficiency and sanitation, and some of them have 
started on the serious work which is to make actual soldiers 
out of men who do not profess to an intimate knowledge of the 
grim business of war. 

One of these latter was the Fifth Infantry, which the region 
of San Francisco Bay can call its own. The regiment underwent 
its first inspection under the watchful eyes of Lieutenant M. G. 
Faris, U. S. A., who has been appointed inspector-instructor for 
the Fifth, and the equally careful scrutiny of Colonel Edwin G. 
Hunt, its commanding officer. 

The result of the inspection justifies San Franciscans in a 
slight swelling of the cheit, for the highest commendation ac- 
corded to any of the fourteen companies in the regiment went 
to the only company supplied by San Francisco, the Machine 
Gun Company commanded by Captain Frederick A. Marriott 
and Lieutenant Walter A. Scott. 

"All of the companies made a good showing," said Lieutenant 
Faris, "but the Machine Gun Company is easily the prize com- 
pany of the regiment. No machine gun company in the regular 
army could" have made a better showing. Not only was their 
equipment perfect, out I could tell at a glance the men are sol- 
diers already." 

Lieutenant Faris and a squad of non-commissioned officers 
from the regular army have begun a course of instruction in 
rifle cleaning and handling for all the non-commissioned offi-ers 
of the Fifth. When these "non-coms" are sufficiently instructed 
ihey will give a similar course to the men of their various com- 

Several Ohio lawyers once gathered in Judge W 

room after adjournment of court, and were discussing 
tirement of a member of the bar. Among them was one 
practice was worth $25,000 a year. He said: "I have been 
practicing several years, and am well fixed. I have thought I 
would like to retire and devote my remaining years to stu ies 
I have neglected." "Study law," put in Judge Wilson. — Ex. 


At last the business men and their associates are awakened 
tc the intolerable conditions regarding labor in San Francisco. 
It's a long sleeper that knows no waking. Now that the sleeper 
is opening his eyes, he will have to hustle lively and pay dearly 
for a situation that should have been determined long ago. 
Labor has led this city by the nose politically and industrially 
so long that its organization is sprouting truculence and egotism. 
Why not? To the Governor down to the easy going policeman 
on his beat, Labor has been issuing its orders. Its organization 
has used politics to pound its way through the flimsy trenches of 
the business community; to-day labor bosses the situation in a 
large section of the State. Unless checked it will eventually 
dictate its own terms to the manufacturers and commercial in- 

The prevailing weakness of San Francisco, now and for a 
long time past, is that it lacks a man of the resolute and re- 
sourceful type represented by a man like Wm. T. Coleman, who 
was a member of both the Vigilance Committee, and got re- 
sults. There was no shillyshallying during his regime of re- 
habilitating the abuses of his day. No temporizing or truckling 
to those violating law and order. The members of the commit- 
tee as a unit carried out orders without question. There was no 
selfish shirking and maneuvering among individuals to protect 
their own personal interests and hopes of making a few dollars 
and playing for safety with the enemy, as some local business 
men frequently now do under stress of strikes. 

The members of the Chamber of Commerce expressed a de- 
termined and united spirit at their meeting this week. Presi- 
dent Koster sounded a ringing and inspiring note in his appeal 
to unite in opposing the lawlessness now prevailing in the long- 
shoremen's strike along the waterfront. The spineless attitude 
of the city administration to serve proper police protection to 
the shipping interests of the city was noted. The irony of the 
situation is the number of police crowding the strike district who 
suck their clubs, blink at the sun and wait for orders. Politics, 
labor politics, is the opiate of their inertness. So tyranous is 
the control of labor in the "strike" zone that merchants are 
compelled to apply to a labor leader in the district to obtain 
pass permits for their merchandise. Fights between strikers and 
strike breakers are common, and even merchants are attacked 
who pesonally try to move their own merchandise. 

The Chamber of Commerce enters this contest from the side 
of law and order, with an earnest and sincere recognition that 
unionism is entitled to certain rights. President Sproule of the 
Southern Pacific Company, expressed this attitude succinctly: 

"This is not a gathering of unionism or non-unionism. It is 
founded on the basic principles of civilization which is obedi- 
ence to and enforcement of the law. When we become so de- 
based that we are lacking in one or the other or both of those 
principles we are debased indeed. We have a municipal or- 
ganization sworn to preserve law and order. When they do their 
duty there is no need of a Citizens' Law and Order Committee. 
But it may be that as a result of the lethargy that now prevails 
we must organize to arouse public sentiment." 

Unionism will unquestionably be given its due share of recog- 
nition as a part of the industrial community it represents, and 
no more. Hogging and the attempt of one integer of the com- 
munity trying to Czar it over the others is out of date. Labor's 
present reckless action in beating up citizens and defying the 
law simply intensifies and promotes an opposition that divides 
the city into two camps, to the city's shame and loss. There is 
no middle course for the Citizens' Law and Order Committee. 
They must win out, or local industries will dry rot. 

Colonel Koster is a man of character and resolution. With 
a small and determined executive committee he can save the 
day and bring about a condition where every man in the com- 
munity will have a square deal at the public table. 

Have Healthy, Strong, Beautiful Eyes j 

Oculists and osed Murine Eye Remedy many 
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Buy Marin* of your Druggint— accept no Substitute, 
and if tnteretted turtle for Book of the Eye FREE 

Murine Eye Remedy Company, Chicago ^ 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 


"Obey no wand but Pleasure's."- — Tom Moore. 


Tame Vampire at Columbia: Allies Attack German Composer 

By Henry McDonald Spencer 

Henry Miller's Company Opens at Columbia 

The fashionable world of London, which constitutes the cri- 
terion of theatrical taste there, is wont to dine late and — well; 
thus the curtain raiser which provides for the lateness, and the 
"cup and saucei" drama which is especially arranged not to dis- 
turb digestion by exciting thought or emotion. 

It was many years after Ibsen had become almost a classic 
on the continent that he was accepted at all in England; and 
the same prejudice of the eupeptic classes of the metropolis 
has prevented Shaw, Galsworthy, Barker, Cosmo Hamilton and 
a number of others who are doing things really worth while, 
from coming into their own. 

But these conditions hardly exist here. I suppose that there 
are people in San Francisco who actually dine before half after 
seven — just fancy! Really, old dear, I'm not spooffing — and 
furthermore since the post-earthquake hegira to the peninsula, 
the ultra fashionable set which provides copy for the society 
reporters has not been very strong for the theatre. 

In view of all of these circumstances, therefore, I don't quite 
understand why Henry Miller should have selected : 

(a) A curtain raiser; 

(b) A tepid, teacuppy play like "The Mollusc" 

for the opening of his exceptionally capable company. 

You can wake up anywhere in a Hubert Henry Davies play, 
and take up the thread of the story just as well as your less 
somnolent neighboi ; thus you see how cunningly the author 
suited his original British audiences. Furthermore, it cannot be 
said that the type of indolent, selfish, valetudenarian woman, 
which is slammed in the play, is very prevalent here. 

On the contrary, we are inclined to suffer from too great ac- 
tivity on the part of the stronger sex, and they are inclined to 
be over exigeant in other directions, for example : As naggers, 
dictators of men's habits and neckties, his hours of ingress and 
egress, and even of the companions of his lighter moments, but 
more than anything else does she boss him on matters of diet, 
especially as relates to the quantity of ethyl alcohol he should 
consume in a day. 

Many a man in the audience sighed for a mollusc in exchange 
for a perfectly good domestic forewoman always on the job. 

However, to get on with the story, as words are many and 
the column short, Henry Miller has brought to San Francisco 
an excellent all-around company, and was received with great 
enthusiasm by a crowded house on Monday night. After the 
first act, he was called out and made a very neat little speech 
displaying quite a keen sense of humor — rather unusual for an 
actor man — and he spared us the usual sloppy bathos of the 
thankful manager when he estimates the box-office receipts. 

Just fifteen years ago I fell in love with lovely Hilda Spong 
when she first came over here from Australia and was playing 
in New York with Margaret Anglin in "Trelawney of the 
Wells." Let me hasten to add for the benefit of the Puritans 
that I have never met the lady to this day, and she is ignorant 
of my very existence, unless she should read these lines and 
wonder who the merry fellow may be. She was perfectly 
charming then, and she is perfectly charming now, and to my, 
possibly prejudiced, eyes she is not more than three, or perhaps 
four, months older than she was then. Furthermore, I will say 
this for her acting — she gave every bit as good a performance 
as Alexandra Carlisle, who came over from London to create 
the role in New York. 

Hilda — I like to think of her as Hilda — also has a low-toned, 
soft speaking voice which makes a hit with me. 

As a leading man, Bruce McCrae has pretty much all that a 
leading man should have, but he is inclined to mouth his words 
too much; anyway he was not very distinct — perhaps first night 

nervousness. The ingenue, Miss Alice Lindhall, gave a very 
good characterization of the downtrodden little English gov- 
erness — a class, by the way, we don't have over here, but which 
was invented by Jane Austen and exists in nearly all English 
fiction referring to countryhouses — occasionally in life. Al- 
though Lady Cardigan informs us that the governess has an 
awfully good time in her own set, with her own little teas which 
are really quite good — just fancy, again. 

The curtain raiser brought out Mrs. Whiffen, who is as spry 
and pleasing as ever, and who received a great hand. 

Mr. Miller, I thank you. 

» * * 

Sokoloff Succeeds with Debussy: Hertzian "Waves" Missed in 

Assuredly Mrs. John B. Casserly and the other ladies and 
gentlemen who are underwriting the People's Philharmonic 
Association must have been gratified by the size, interest and 
enthusiasm of the audience which eagerly pressed through the 
doors of the Cort Theatre last Sunday afternoon. How far the 
audience was gratified at *he sixth of the summer concerts de- 
pends very much on whether the preponderance of taste was 
for Beethoven on the one hand, or Debussy or Tschaikowsky 
on the other. For the work of the French composer was ex- 
quisitely rendered, and that of the great Russian, with a name 
like a prolonged sneeze, was given with all the abandon and 
Slavic fire which his piece demands; but alas, there were no 
Hertzian "waves" to interpret the monumental Fifth. 

Now, I am strong for the allies (see name above), but I can- 
not stultify myself enough to admit that Nikolai Sokoloff made 
even a success of esteem in the greatest of all classical 
compositions. Especially in the stronger parts his rendition 
lacked the inert dignity of Beethoven, that almost Greek sense 
of restraint in even the most profound and majestic passages. 

It may be that the Russian leader has not been fed up on the 
tradition of the composer; or what is more likely, that he is 
not sufficiently familiar with the score so as to be able to de- 
vote himself to the sheer job of leading. I noticed that his 
head was buried in the score most of the time, and that he only 
looked up to check his players in a few of the simpler measures 
— and these, incidentally, were best rendered, especially the 
pianissimo — nor did the players apparently look at him for 

Many times, especially in the first and third movements, were 
the performers almost entirely out of hand, and it seemed as 
if there were any number of individual performances being 
given. However, the men are nearly all thoroughly trained 
musicians, and gave the best that was in them, in spite of the 
inadequate conducting. 

To sum up: where the feeling was lyrical the rendering was 
quite all right, but the epic side was missed, and the grand 
tradition of solidity and nobility entirely wanting. 

But it was like changing from the leadership of a gifted ama- 
teur to that of a professional when Sokoloff took up the baton 
for Debussy's "The Afternoon of a Faun," which was most 
exquisitely played; and although of course not comparable 
with the Fifth Symphony as a test of musical power, yet the 
audience seemed highly pleased. 

And, indeed, who not? For the French are nothing if not 
pleasing in all they undertake; thank God, there are some peo- 
ple in the world who do not carry around an ingrowing con- 

As indicated in the foregoing the "March Slav" was all to 
the good, and while the feelings engendered may not be strictly 
those of musical emotion, yet the audience was swept off its 
feet by something, anyway. The young Bohemian harpist, 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



Nan Halperin, who will present five stages of girlhood next week at the Orpheum 

Kajetan Attl, played wonderfully well, and was thoroughly en- 

Not to be captious, but just a tip for the management: We all 
know that in those who love music it produces the most in- 
effable feelings; then when one is transported into a beyond- 
world, why should one's eyes be offended by that intolerable 
wood set as a background which gave the stage the atmosphere 
of a chop suey restaurant. Why not a simple flat back drop or 
preferably curtain in one solid mass and with the simplest 
lines? How much more appropriate to the dignity of that art 
which begins where the others leave off? 

* * * 


One word from me and the Orpheum does as it pleases. 

Last week I suggested that it was a pity that the McLallen 
and Hart roller skating act should lead off, as it was a very 
quick and interesting performance with a very pretty and 
shapely young lady involved. But this week the roller skaters 
again opened the bill, so I only saw the finish, as the exigencies 
of journalism sometimes prevent me from being present at ex- 
actly 2:15. 

Curiously enough the four holdovers were bunched together 
in the first half of the show, so if you want to see the newcomers 
only, you can time yourself to come in at the intermission, which 
is at 3 :30, or in the evening at 9 :30. 

The big act was, of course, the Russian Ballet with Theodore 
Kosloff and Vlasta Maslova as the stars. Every one worked 
hard in the performance, which was staged in a rather unusual 
manner, as the audience was looking at the interior of a Russian 
dance hall, with the orchestra seated up stage. Theodore and 
his painted legs were very personable, and his staff of young 
lady assistants was attractive and graceful. 

Claire Rochester had two very acceptable voices and is a 
handsome young woman who told us she had traveled across 
the continent in a blank automobile and was welcomed by Mayor 
Rolph. There are some things about the job of Mayor which I 
would willingly add to my onerous duties of instructing the pub- 
lic, performers and theatrical managers. 

For those who like "monks" the monks doubtless were pretty 
good monks in their super-simian activities. The ex-Leading 
Lady told me that I would have another chance to work off the 
celebrated Dr. Johnson simile — which shows that I have one 

Preparedness "%'J> a 

For your next afternoon tea- 
party. Refreshment and cheer 
assured when you serve 


Every accommodating grocer sells it 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 

devoted reader anyway — but at that I am going to pass it up this 
time. The two black Dots were the rest of the newcomers, and 
gave us some good old minstrel gagging. 

* * * 

Pan-Loew Combination 

A combination of interests which is of much importance to 
San Franciscan vaudeville fans has just been announced, and 
hereafter the patrons of Pantages will have the opportunity 
of seeing a series of road shows which the local theatrical mag- 
nate has been able to secure through cooperation with the well 
known Loew circuit in the East. 

It is well known that the ability to give a long time con- 
tract to a performer is as essential a factor in procuring high 
class entertainers as the salary itself, and through the combina- 
tion just effected Mr. Pantages will be able to book for fifty 
solid weeks, thereby enabling him to show a greater number of 
head-line attractions than hitherto without increasing the low 
cost of vaudeville to the public. 

The Pantages booking in the East will be taken care of by 
the Loew representatives, and Louis Pincus, who has hitherto 
been the New York representative of the former, will retire 
from that position and take up the independent booking of acts. 

The combination just made is one of the very strongest in the 
world of vaudeville, and will add much to the joy of living in 
the afternoons and evenings. 

Advance Notices 

Seventh Popular Symphony Concert — "With Deslder Josef Vecsel, a Hun- 
garian pianist who 3S in Paris. Monte 
i luda I 'est. Vienna, Berlin, London, and who will commence his 
toui hen oist, thi People's Phllhai monic I irchestra will 
1 i - phony Concert of its most enjoyable Bum- 
ries at the July 23d, at three 
sharp, i * ii- i - ■'■ baton of the capable and energetic 

ri ol the People's Philharmonic Or 
rig much to furthei est of good music in San Francisco- 

very highest finality at prices within tin- 
It is impossible for one, even though he be at- 
tending his fir* to be bored at a concert conducted by 
Mr. Sokoloff, who if lie strips the "classics" of some of the academic at- 
tributes deslsed by the intellectuals, gives In exchange the more human 
qualities. Sokoloff believes, with Henry 3. Wood, conductor of the 
• ■ Sym] itra, London, and one of tin.- greatest living 
isle was made for man and not man for 
music." In addition to providing for the first orchestral appeara no In 
San i-v greal pianist, the program for the July 23d concert 
of the P Orchestra will give us our first time in San 
sco of the unfinished symphony of Alexander Borodin, om 

Russian school of musi< . I hi Bal 
D I ndis "i Sibelius, and the 
"£gi int" oi Beethoven. Seats will i n sale at tin- 
next week. 

• • • 

Pantages Theatre w nov- 

will be the topping featun on the new eight act 
at Sunday's matlne< . The 
perform a routine of 3ensatfo mi istici the Ing wonderful 

ng by turning somersaults and other twisters from the 
m_ Minstrels" arc- an a-. 
k tunning show girl* i new and select old time mln- 

. ■ 

■ ■■ tal melodies 

the "Ni Idesl tped Instruments makes run 

out of 1 Dne of the po] 

i ■ ■ i ■■ rsonalll y 

Girl," g well known celebrities; the 

i a titled "African Morn :" Eta ■ 
Singer ai Collins and Co 

Ooldbi " ! ■ i Carl ions;" the eighteenth epl- 


* • • 

Columbia Theatre — it wi nal ral. on the part ..r theatre-g 

find that Henry m "The Mollusc," and the one-acl 

■ den Night." mci annoum emi nl 

. i [] ga n i- rs nciscs 

tfljlei and it was therefi m 

not in: :■■ i hou see ■ ■■ he bi ginning of M r. 

ment, Monday night's audfenci went away 
g "A Golden Night." in which Mrs. 
eared. The] 
hem from the p out , ■ ■ ived by wit- 

Mr Miller has cast this 

: ■ ol Si 

e p the pari th an artistry 

98 of star to which tins actress I ■ 

rother. who successfully wakes 
■-■ 1 1 a little ti There If 

eentei iboul the brother and 

Miss Mabel Riegelman. soorano of the Boston -National Grand Opera 
Company. Miss Riegelman has been seen here in concert singing, and 
has won rjreat successes In Europe, especially at the municipal opera 
houses of Stettin and Plauen. Her "Musetta" and "Gretel" are notable 
performances, showing the lyrical quality of her voice and the sweet, lim- 
pid and wonderfully pure tones. 

.Mr. Miller's intention I 

vide" next of this week's offering hi 

so great Lhat it will be I week, "The Gri 

Itli i leni y Mil lei appeal Hlldi 

as Ruth Jordan, wi '■ July 24th. It will bi I 

• • • 
Orpheum. Tin Orpheum bill for next week will have as Its pi 
new fea i [alperfn, t be delightful comedienne who 

different of her ilk. While Bhe is Indebted for a measure 

of he i success to a chari mallty, her greatesl asset is her re- 

markable ability and ty. Miss Efalperln's contribution is entitled 

ii writ- 
ten for it by Wm. B. Fried lander, Moon and Morrlf 

:omedlans will present thi I ■■ darn i . "Two In ( me " 

■ . i tended rariel of exhibition i 

■ met with ■ wherever the; 

When it comes to Card manipulation. 
i <o|pzlg Ii 

trs a handsome medal presented him by t i Bociety 

i i mance 

at St. Geoi teen Internatli n 

the rank and file At the- conclusion of this 

li exhibition, the medal for exceptional merit was presented to 
The Imperial Chlnesi Trio 
ead . : ted with a splendid 

advantage In grand opera and popular numbers. 
plays th.' violin with unusual skill for an Oriental, ai 
ho dlstlngulsl 

Rag-Time King." Cla ■ R iter, the phenomenal bo] 

harytom who lI hit, will bi heard In new soi 

; ,nd Morton, C ! ' 'aughter, Betty, are a 

, luded in this bill. Next week will i last of th. | 

KO Off, Who with VlastS Masloi 

the Imperial | ated by Kosloff's Rus- 

. lendpui ensation 

A Perfect Complexion 

Your social duties de- 
mand that you look 
your best and in good 
taste at all times. 
Ladies of Society for 
nearly three * quarters 
of a century have 


Oriental Cream 

crmplexloi). it purifies 
rhe Idoalllqu 

Non-greasy, lis use c.inuut be detected. 
Sond 10c. tor trlul «lio 

FERD. T. HOPKINS & SON, New York City 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


The hoop-skirt scare has entirely passed. There is no deny- 
ing the charm of the hoop, but in this day and age it has no 
place except in the most frivolous of dance and evening gowns, 
and even from these, it is being ripped out. This does not 
mean, however, that we are going back to the narrow skirt; no 
indeed, merely limp skirts. 

The dainty mid-summer voiles and organdies are as full and 
bouffant as ever, but their fulness falls softly about the figure, 
and their bouffancy is induced by their width and the nature of 
the material. 

Having finished with skirts as far as width, shortness and 
trimming are concerned, Fashion has now turned her attention 
to the bodice, laying espe- 
cial stress on collars and 
sleeves. Any little becom- 
ing idea which strikes one 
may be used in both of 
these, affording charming 
possibilities of showing in- 
dividuality. From the 
dainty, picot-edged turn- 
over or frill on the dark taf- 
feta frock, the collar ranges 
to the deep broad collar 
extending to the waistline 
and below. There are many 
of us who favor the high 
collar, even in summer, but 
this is fashioned of net or 
organdy, and is open in 
front, so it is really not a 
high collar after all, but a 
very becoming detail of 
frock or blouse. The wide, 
cape like collars are most 
popular this summer. For 
summer evenings, with 
light frocks, there are be- 
coming ruffs of net, chiffon 
or malines, and the chic lit- 
tle shoulder capes of Geor- 
gette trimmed with fur or 

Sleeves are transparent, 
or semi-transparent, of 
crepe, net or chiffon to 
match the color of the ma- 
terial of the frock; and are 
both long and short. The 
closely cuffed sleeve is fav- 
ored, and also the flowing 
sleeve. These latter are 
very easily made, being fin- 
ished around the lower 
edge with a bias fold, or 
the effective picot edge. 

Although not as conspic- 
uous, equally as important 
as the frock are the dainty 
underfittings designed to 
complete it. Combinations, 
envelope chemises, cami- 
soles, petticoats and knick- 
erbockers are being fash- 
ioned of pale pink or blue 
cotton crepe or voile, the 
barred and striped cottons, 
wash satins, and the dainti- 
est possible of sprigged 
silks with pale toned 

The pink or blue crepe 
or voile is usually finished 
around armholes. neck and 
lower edges with bias folds 
of contrasting color at- 


Plain and 

Striped Voile 

tached with hemstitching. The flowered silks are also bound 
with white, or a plain color, or are finished with lace. The en- 
velope chemise is one of the most popular of garments, being 
shirred, smocked, tucked or box-pleated. For general wear 
glove silk knickerbockers and a plain camisole are most prac- 

The summer muslins are exceptionally dainty and charming 
in their color combinations this season; maize, rose, the palest 
of pinks and blues being popular, and also white. Shantung 
and pongee are modish, too, being used in many of the imported 
frocks and suits. These Shantungs come in charming color- 
ings, in stripes, dots, conventionalized designs and plain tones. 
They are most practical for street dresses and suits of the sports 
type. Plain natural pongee is being trimmed with vivid, con- 
trasting touches of rose, emerald green, which is one of the 
most popular of shades this season, orange and the other popu- 
lar shades. Shantung and pongee are also modish and practi- 
cal materials for the separate coats for general wear over light 
frocks and for motoring. 

Speaking of separate coats, they have been more in demand 
the last few seasons than for some time, owing to the popu- 
larity of one-piece dresses. Some of the most attractive of 
these coats are being made of dark blue Bedford cord with col- 
lar and cuffs of white broadcloth or flannel. Gay silks are used 
for lining them, or no linings at all. Some of the new lining 
foulards and voiles are particularly effective. 


Upon the crested, snow-crowned heights 
Lay winter, faint and wan; 
While through the shine of star-strewn nights 
And blurred blue haze of dappled days 
The Spring-maid wandered on! 

Far up the sunward-slopes of sky 
She gathered gleams of gold 
And scattered them where low hills lie; 
Then, wild and free, a flaming sea, 
The poppies o'er them rolled! 

In deep moon-meadows, drenched with dew, 
Behind white clouds adrift, 
She found forgotten bits of blue; 
And violets the sky forgets — 
To earth her tenderest gift! 

She took from snowy heights their crown 
To grace her bridal-room; 
Now softly singing, dancing down, 
Her magic makes of crystal flakes 
The valley's crown of bloom ! 

-Edith Daley. 


O'Farrell Street Bet. Stockton and Powell 

Phone Douglas TO 

Week beginning 




mi. i MORRIS The 


A MORTON Two Blacl 
BETTY hi 11 Simian Pal 

nit 1 AMI CHI 8l »Hst 

pnlar Yui-al and Instrument 

[1 Ml- 111" 1 

'■■IKK Till' 

v. an, I Imperial RuMlan Hall, t 


'I Sun- 


Columbia Theatre 

corner Mason and Gears 
Phone Franklin 160 

The Leading Playhouse 

ADDITIONAL WEF.K-Re»lnninK Monday. Julj »*_ „,,.„„ ar-.onv 
Ureal Succesaot the Initial production ol the HENRY MILLER SEASON 

By Hubert H.nrv Prwadad r.y the MM art 1 

Matin."- H • 'ay and Saturday . .,,..„.,., 

luly Ml ler aa Sli rtlE HRF.AT I'IMI'F 

Pantages' Theatre 

1..1- la 

Market Street Oppoalte Mason 

Tafeta and Organdy 



VnYFlTY i -I First 

F.rV Show! 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 

■; TOWN 


Occidental and Westgate, two alleged towns said to be 

located somewhere in Southern California, were commandeered 
by vote into the Los Angeles township recently, despite the fact 
that the only thing that connects them is that they are north 
of the equator. Ordinarily there is nothing new in Los Angeles 
annexing vast stretches of the wilderness to artistically fringe 
her environs with rapt Nature's loving art, but in this instance 
Los Angeles had a bashful motive : she wanted to attract atten- 
tion in the wa' news. The belligerents of Europe are tearing 
the empyrean and other high places to tatters in their desperate 
efforts to annex more territory. Los Angeles modestly shows, 
without any appeal to the God of War, how easily she can put 
over a real estate deal of this character and not bat an eyelash. 
Through the annexation of the several houses in Westgate and 
Occidental, the hen coops and dog houses appertaining thereto 
and their borders of level stretching leagues, Los Angeles is en- 
abled to proudly announce that she is now the largest munici- 
pality in the United States. Her royal total area, not counting 
the claims in Mexico and Central America, is now 337.92 square 
miles, against puny little New York's 314.75, Chicago's 198, 
and Philadelphia's 129. Nothing can stop her; not even the 
protesting sea. 

Seattle's mayor is taking the same attitude as our local 

mayor regarding the strike of the longshoremen along the 
Pacific Coast, and declares it is only a scrap between the Long- 
shoremen's Union and the Water Front Employers' Association 
with "the public in between." He acidly adds that all the fault 
lies with San Francisco employers, and that Seattle should not 
have mixed up in the trouble. Like our local mayor he is on 
the side of the longshoremen, and has turned the whole durned 
thing over to the police to fuss over. The result in Seattle is 
that when longshoremen are getting the worst of the fisticuffs 
the police intervene and arrest all the scrappers. Later, the 
longshoremen are released by complaisant judges (elected by 
labor) on their own recognizance, which means "fare you well," 
a projected movie of what is going on in this city. Tacoma is 
the town that is showing the proper backbone in tackling this 
issue. A gang of union thugs invaded a dock there and beat up 
a crew of workers on a dock. At once 125 members of the Ta- 
coma Commercial Club armed themselves, patroled the dock, 
and the loading went on without molestation. A show of the 
old-time pickhandle guard that proved such a cathartic in the 
sand lot days would not be amiss on the water front when ir- 
ruptive rowdyism is prevalent. 

Having declared himself for Wilson, Heney is out of the 

running in the forthcoming race to capture the toga that Works 
of Los Angeles has decided to release. He is supposed to have 
located a residence in Los Angeles for that express purpose, 
but the Fates have mixed things since then. John D. Spreckels 
has urged Shortridge to get into the race again, but, like Caesar, 
Shortridge has waved the crown aside. Spreckels is now be- 
hind Willis H. Booth. Booth runs Los Angeles to a large ex- 
tent, and is widely known. Los Angeles logically comman- 
deered the nomination of the senatorship on the ground that it 
is entitled to one of the two seats. Evidently Governor Johnson 
thinks the prize is open to any Californian that can capture it, 
for he has announced that he is in the race, and the likelihood 
is that he will run on both the Republican and the Progressive 
tickets. John Curtin would like to have captured the nomina- 
tion of the Democrats, but those in control passed the honor up 
to George Patton of Los Angeles, a little geographical stroke in 

The Allies and the Germans both declare that not only 

will they not offer peace, but that they will not consider peace 
offers from each other. Looks like a knock-out fight. 

After Shaving 

I Always Use 



(Original, Century-old) 


" Grandfather used It: so does father. 
It's the best thine', bar none, I know 

of. n i la the skin delightfully, and 

makes one feel and smell clean! uabel 
says If a the only pe rfu m e a man 
should use, But be sure you get none 
but Murray & Lakhan's, the original 
Florida Water, created by tli.-m more 
than n hundred years aeo, There are 
lots of i um i a t i on s, but they can't 
touch tin: real thing, " 
Sold by leading Druggists 
and perfumers 

! d for llx ri-ntn hi Atnmpa. 
Booklet, "Boautj sad Health" mnt on request 

136 Water Street) New York 

Los Angeles 





San Jose Sacramento San Francisco 


KODAK finishing done by EXPERTS, 
for your films. 

We will send 


Phone Kearny 3841 

Novelties lor "Welcoming" and 
"Bon Voyage" Packages 

Flowers Delivered to Any Part o( 
the World 



OLD HAMPSHIRE BOND ^"-"'jj.'I^S.yl,, 

Hi.- Standard Paper for Business Stationery. "Made a little hetler than Been 
-;irj." The typewriter paper.- are Bold in attractive and durable boxes containing five 
1 perfect sheets, plain or marginal 1 1 manuscripl covers are Bold In 

similar boxes containing one hundred sheets. 

throu your printer or stationer, or, if so desired, we frill send a sample book 
showing the entire line. 


Established 1855 

Tel. Kearny 1461 

Private Exchange Connecting all Warehouse, 


Warehousemen Forwarding Agents Distributors Public Welghert 

Spur Track Connection with all Railroads 

Main Office — 625-647 Third St., San Francisco, Cal. 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

Renegade from the "Pure Push." 

Del Monte is the Mecca of the smart set this week, and even 
those who never swing a golf stick are tournamenting at Mon- 
terey. Some of the big Eastern players, like "Chick" Evans, 
who were expected out here, have failed to people the links 
with the glory of their presence. The reason generally given 
for their failure to put in an appearance is that the National 
ruled that all golf players accepting the private car offered the 
Eastern golfers for travel to the coast would be considered pro- 
fessionals. Evans and a number of others were enthusiastic 
about the trip until this ruling, and then they found that "press- 
ing business affairs" interfered. But in spite of the disappoint- 
ment over losing some of "the 
big fellows," there is more in- 
terest than has been manifest- 
ed in many a season, and not 
only the peninsula set and 
round-the-bay sets, but the 
country club sets from the 
southern part of the State are 
all represented. 

Naturally, the conversation 
is by no means confined to the 
prowess of golfists, for there 
is much choice material manu- 
factured at the club house for 
those who like to trail Dame 
Ckissip to her favorite haunts. 
Before starting in pursuit of 
that lady with the paprika dis- 
position there is a neat little 
bottle of seasoning, properly 
labeled as "Sauce for the Gan- 
der," which may be picked up 
on the links any day by those 
who like a touch of this kind 
for an afternoon dish of gos- 

Last year there came to Del 
Monte a well known couple 
who have recently moved to 
San Francisco from the South- 
ern part of the State. The 
husband is a very good golfist, 
and the fact that he spent all 
his time on the links playing 
with a very pretty young ma- 
tron who is in the duffer class 
as a golfist, gave the gossips 
something tangible on which 
to hang their idea that he was 
not entirely interested in her 
game. His wife evidently had 
the same idea, and made it very evident by her actions that she 
resented his attentions to the dashing matron. 

So this season the onlookers have been very much amused 
by the spectacle of the wife as a renegade from the "pure 
push." Instead of sitting up on the veranda as a beautiful ex- 
ample of the neglected wife, the role which she played last 
year, she is learning to golf and other things under the tender 
care of a devoted suitor, and now it is husband who is getting 
the sympathetic purrs of the tabbies. 
S 9 9 

Club House Sandwich a la Gossip. 

The Club House at Del Monte has always been the pivotal 
point of interest to those who keep the ball of gossip rolling. 
The dowagers may seek their beauty sleep ever so early, but by 
sun-up they always seem to know just what happened 
club the night before— who dined there and who put up for it— 
who chased the imps of chance across the green table> 
shook for drinks, and how often— how many were there to wel- 

come the dawn. 'Tis truly wonderful what those with natural 
gifts of divination accomplish! I remember one season a 
young blade arrived at the hotel and asked for the latest news. 
No one vouchsafed anything out of the commonplace. "Where 
is Mrs. Darling?" queried he. "She is sick in bed," answered 
a debutante. "I shall pay my respects," quoth he; "for that 
observing lady will know more about what is going on even if 
she is confined to her room, than any of the uninspired and un- 
appraising persons it has been my fortune to meet so far this 

This year the inspired dowagers are not the only ones who 
seem to have a talent for ferreting out the doings and sayings 
and comings and goings of those who travel in the lime light. 
In fact, it is difficult to keep out of the way of the gossip. It is 
as impossible to overlook some of the choicest bits as it is to 
be unaware that the hotel has all been done over in lovely new 

For instance, one cannot avoid knowing that a Burlingame 
matron lost a young fortune the other night; nor can one pre- 
tend not to be aware that the water wagon is daily losing some 

of the star passengers who 
have been commuting on the 
wagon for several seasons — it 
is impossible to close the ears 
to the thuds of these passen- 
gers falling to the ground. 
& $ # 

Is Miss O'Connor Engaged? 

The matchmakers who keep 
their ears close to the ground 
insist that they have heard a 
noise that sounds like an an- 
nouncement of an engagement 
between one of the O'Connor 
girls and the brother of a 
friend with whom she has 
spent much time this season. 
All the O'Connors have so 
valiently defended the citadel 
of freedom which bachelor 
girls with comfortable in- 
comes often find more attrac- 
tive than matrimony, that it 
will be a genuine surprise to 
have one of them desert the 
ranks of the happily unmar- 

However, if this rumor is 
true, and it has all the lights 
and shades of a rumor bathed 
in the transcendental glory of 
truth, it will be a very aus- 
picious match, for there is 
neither difference in religion 
nor brevity of income to make 
the suitor anything but the 
most desirable parti. 
9 I* © 

Miss Otis at Lane Hospital. 

Friends of Miss Cora Otis 
are wondering whether she has 
some plan of consecrating her life to service other than that 
which the smart set imposes on its devotees. She was one of 
the most enthusiatic of those who took the six weeks' course of 
study at the Presidio Service Training School, guaranteed to 
turn any butterfly into a soldierette — and Miss Otis has never 
been of the butterfly class, so that she came through with all 
the real soldierly qualities which women must have in order 
to be of real service in war times. 

However, the war cloud now rides the high heavens more like 
a procession of soft little white kittens than snarling war dogs. 
So most of the young women who spent six weeks in encamp- 
ment at the Presidio are now attending to the regular business 
of girls at this season of the year — which is to add the decora- 
tive touch to fashionable summer resorts and country homes and 
clubs; it is the open season for landing eligibles, and most of 
the girls who a few weeks ago were learning the first aids to 
injuries of all sorts are now specializing in heart affections only. 

Not so Miss Otis and one or two others. With Miss Rose Sah- 

An eucalyptus study by G. Cadenasso. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July IS, 1916 

lein, who is a belle in exclusive Jewish society, Miss Otis will 
continue her studies at Lane Hospital. These young women 
have enrolled for a course of study that will iron all the frivoli- 
ties out of the summer, and while their friends are playing 
by the mountain or the seashore, they will be taking lectures 
and passing examinations at Lane. 
© © © 

A friend who has just returned from the Southern Seas tells 
me that she met the Wakefields, and that Mrs. Wakefield (the 
former Mrs. Jack Spreckels) has no desire to return to these 
parts. She has grown very stout in the tropics, and has the 
languorous air of the women who live in those climates. In 
spite of the pessimistic predictions of the guards who keep a 
weather beaten eye out towards the seas of matrimony, the 
Wakefields are sailing their craft in apparently smooth waters, 
with no signs of shipwreck of their happiness. This will be 
welcome news to the many friends of Edith Spreckels Wake- 
field, who were none too sanguine about her venture — both geo- 
graphically and matrimonially she seems to be most content. 
And what matter if her waist is growing more rotund under the 
Southern suns? 

© © © 

The peninsula set goes in for out-Englishing the English in the 
matter of service, and has inured itself to the hardship of im- 
pressing English butlers and valets with the genuineness and 
importance of American aristocracy. Some of the more obdu- 
rate and industrious ones are supposed to have the secret re- 
spect as well as the open regard of their servants, so fancy the 
consternation that is reigning down in those parts over the de- 
parture of some of the most valued men to the war. 

One of the chatelaines of a big place down there has lost three 
of her English servants in the last month — which means that 
she will have to start all over again living up to the exactions of 
a new set, and yanking her husband up to the standard. The old 
guard understood him, but his wife is obviously in for much 
suffering before the new allotment is used to the Master's way. 

Mrs. George Pope has given her friends a great deal of con- 
cern lately, owing to the fact that she has been frequently 
threatened with the necessity of an operation for appendicitis. 
However, she has managed to recuperate again from a mild at- 
tack without going under the surgeon's knife, and is now well on 
the way to convalescence. The Popes had planned to be at Del 
Monte for the golf tournament, but Mrs. Pope's illness pre- 
vented the family from going. Little Miss Pope is home from 
school in New York, and promises to be one of the most at- 
tractive girls when she makes her debut in a season or two. 
Mrs. Pope is anxious to defer her daughter's coming out just 
as long as possible, but the young lady herself is naturally 
anxious to make her bow to the grown-up world. She looks 
very much like her mother — which is the equivalent of saying 
that she has unusual blonde beauty. 

Manager R. M. Briare, of the Plaza Hotel, through the cour- 
tesy of the Home Entertainment Department of the "Atlas 
Educational Film Company," gave an unusually pleasing and 
successful inauguration entertainment, last Wednesday evening, 
in the spacious dining room of the hotel. Unusual skill was 
displayed in presenting the best to be had in settings and pro- 
gramme. The latter ranged with rare selective judgment from 
attractive and ingenious scenes in the movies to popular ball 
room dances, with exhibition dances given by experts. The 
films given covered the artistic surroundings of Bruges, Bel- 
gium; "Adventures of Ulysses." a drama, and "Colonel Heeza, 
Liar Explorer," a comedy. A delightful exhibition of "Walking 
the Dawg" was given by those expert dancing sisters, the 
Misses Marie and Velda Packard. The guests of the hotel and 
their friends joined heartily in the general entertainment of the 
evening. The event proved so spontaneously successful that 
gatherings will be held on future Wednesday evenings under 
Manager Briare's direction. • 

Headquarters Tent. Monterey Encampment for Preparedness drill exptience In California. Left to right— Maj. C. H. Hilton. Col. Geo. William- 
son, Brig. Gen. Wm. L. Sibert. Col. Frederick Perkins. Maj. V. G. McAlexander, Maj. L. R. Burgess. Copyright Internationa] Film Service Inc. 

July IS, 1916 

and California Advertiser 




San News Letter 

July IS, 1916 

Characteristic Anecdotes of Kitchener 

When the durbar was held at Agra in February, 1907, in 
honor of the Ameer of Afghanistan, the bandmasters were in- 
structed to play the Afghan national anthem on the arrival of 
the great potentate. No one had ever heard of such a tune, 
and finally the Commander-in-Chief was appealed to for in- 

"It does not matter two straws," "K" replied, "what is played, 
as he does not know a note of music. Play two or three bars 
of something heavy, pompous and slow, and let it go at that." 

The bandmasters finally decided upon a march from one 
of the older German operas, very little known by the general 
public. This was played with such success that the newspapers 
at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and other cities visited by the 
Ameer printed a column about the "weirdly beautiful Oriental 
strains of the Afghan national anthem," and it has been used 
ever since at all royal functions in Kabul. 

At the bazaar arranged by Lady Minto in Calcutta for wid- 
ows and orphans of the soldiers some kind-hearted native sent 
in an aged elephant and a one-eyed camel, which were to be 
raffled for at 1 rupee (about 33 cents) a chance. Lord Kitch- 
ener took several tickets and won the camel, which was deliv- 
ered at his marble palace at Fort William next morning. The 
native attendant who led the camel to the house just asked one 
of the servants if the "Buna Sahib" lived there, and upon be- 
ing answered in the affirmative he tied the relic of the desert 
to a marble pillar and walked away. When the Commander- 
in-Chief discovered what he had won he bestowed it upon his 
native butler, who declined the gift with great humbleness of 
heart, and suggested that it should go to the head groom. The 
groom declined to have the camel, and every servant of the 
household did the same, down to the water carrier, who led the 
disreputable animal away and sold it to the leader of a caravan 
for 5 rupees. 

But many are the stories told about him in which he usually 
scored with some remark as grim and as heavy as himself. One 
of the most recent relates to the captain of a Home-Defense 
company, who had dug some trenches and drilled his men af- 
ter the German bombardment of Whitby and Scarborough. Kit- 
chener happened to be in the neighborhood and the captain suc- 
ceeded in getting him to inspect his "fortifications" and look 
over his men. At last, the inspection over, the captain turned 
to K. of K. and inquired: 

"Should the Germans come, what uniforms should we wear, 

The War Secretary's eyes snapped. "The ones you want to 
be buried in," he said as he turned away. 

But it is of Kitchener in South Africa that most of the anec- 
dotes tell. 

When Captain Fred Jones returned to St. John, N. B., from 
the Boer war, he was asked by his friends if he had seen Lord 
Kitchener. He replied that he had, but that their chat was 
somewhat brief. 

"It was like this," said the Captain to an admiring group of 
friends. I had received my marching orders from home, and 
did not wish to leave until I had seen the Commander-in-Chief, 
of whom I had heard so much. I asked a horse-gunner if he 
could direct me to 'K's' tent, and he told me where to go. 

"I followed the instructions, and, looking through an open- 
ing in the canvas, I saw a tall man, who badly needed a shave, 
sitting at a small table, smoking a short clay pipe and writing 
despatches. He wore riding boots, khaki breeches, and a gray 
flannel shirt. 

"I went back to the horse-gunner and accused him of jesting, 
as I felt sure that the man I had seen could not be Lord Kit- 
chener. He swore that it was, however, and I went back to 
the tent and walked in. When the tall man looked up from bis 
writing, 1 said: 'Lord Kitchener, I presume?' 'Yes. Who are 
you?' I answered, T am Captain Fred Jones, of the Canadian 
Militia.' He said: 'Well, get out of here,' and I came away." 

A stranger one day asked an aid : "How does Lord Kitchener 
spend his time?" 

"He works." 

"But I mean, how does he amuse himself?" 

"By more work." 

"Has he no recreations?" 

"Yes, two. Still more work and seeing that everybody around 
him works." 

At various intervals in his career in the Orient Kitchener 
would frequently disguise himself in a flowing burnoose and 
turban to enter the bazaars and get the news of the movements 
of the Mahdi's troops. It was on one of these expeditions at a 
place called Assiut on the Nile that he received news of a 
fight at the wells of Ambigol, near Wadi Haifa, in which sev- 
eral English officers were killed, before the report had been re- 
ceived by telegraph at the War Office in Cairo. Kitchener al- 
ways believed that the Arabs had some kind of system of 
communicating news across the desert akin to wireless tele- 

The Dongola expedition of 1896 proved the fighting value of 
the new Egyptian force organized by the Sidar, and was the 
beginning of the movement that was to culminate in the recon- 
quest of the Soudan. Kitchener, when he began the organiza- 
tion of this army, which was to win such glory at Omdurman 
and Khartum, found it a motley and discontented horde of un- 
derfed and underpaid natives. It was an army described at 
that time as being "without stomach, heart or backbone," and 
Kitchener's task was to bring it up to date, one of the many 
"impossible" things that the Sidar did in record-breaking time. 

While he was reorganizing the Egyptian force, Kitchener de- 
cided that he needed a certain type of gun, and he wired the 
War Office in London to send him the number necessary for 
the accomplishment of the purpose he had in mind. The War 
Office replied by suggesting another kind of gun. Kitchener 
repeated his original message. The War Office replied that 
the guns considered best by the War Office were on the way, 
whereupon Kitchener sent this message to his chiefs in Lon- 
don : "I can throw stones at the dervishes myself." He got the 
kind of guns he wanted, and shortly thereafter the southward 
march for the reconquest of the Sudan was under way. 

To those who knew him intimately the great military leader 
was very human and could tell some very humorous stories. 
He took a great interest in the welfare of the fellaheen in 
Egypt, and was untiring in his efforts to see that they had jus- 
tice dealt out to them by the Government. This did not please 
the Pashas. His fame in this direction spread into the small 
villages back from the Nile and caused an aged sheik, Moham- 
med Abou Lio, to travel 200 miles to Cairo because his aged 
white mare, Ayesha, had been stolen by the servant of the bey 
who owned an estate near by the village. The Egyptian sol- 
dier on duty at the War Office in Cairo tried to shoo the old 
sheik away by promising that he should see the Sidar in the 
morning, but that would not do. The sheik made such a noise 
with his lamentations and attracted such a crowd outside the 
building that Kitchener looked out of the window to see what 
it was all about. When he was informed of the loss of the 
faithful Ayesha the Sidar ordered a telegram to be sent to the 
Egyptian officer commanding the district where the sheik Mo- 
hammed resided to find the missing white mare, and restore the 
animal to its owner, which was done. 

It was not a sentimental clamor, for though Earl Kitchener 
was a proved hero of many campaigns, his personality was as 
impenetrable as hardened steel, and he was not a hero that 
could be loved. Even the War Office had no pronounced liking 
for him, but on all sides there was profound respect for his 
military efficiency and for all he had done to extend the do- 
mains of the British Empire. 

W. D. FennTmore 

A. R- Fennlmor* 


181 Post Street 1 c 77 
-^ .-. , „ } oan rranasco 
2508 Mission St. J 

1221 Broadway, Oakland 

One Lens Used 
for Reading 
and Distance 

A remarkable and note worthy 
■ m is the recentperfect 

iliBT of a doable vision IfiQE 

called Caltex" OaepJece Bi 
focal. Tins wonderful master- 
piece oi optical science en 
ables the wearer to us>- <>n.? 
pairof glasses for both reading 
i distance \ lalon. On ac- 
count of being ground from 
one solid piece of clear optical 
glass i injects am seen dearly 
at a distance as well as m the 
near point. As there are sub- 
stitutes being offei '■'! be Bure 
that you oMain the genuine 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

Along the lively water front just now, when the longshoremen's strike is at its climax. 


What the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce of 
the United States is doing, as reported by its general manager 
to the war department, at a recent meeting of the advisory board 
to the general staff, is not the least interesting or important fea- 
ture of the preparedness movement. A very practical offer of 
manufacturers to train 500 army men monthly in caring for 
motors of aeroplanes, trucks and cars has, it seems, been ac- 
cepted, and the makers' organization has canvassed the States 
as to the part the builders of vehicles are prepared to take in 
supplying, at any time, any number of machines up to 500 
trucks and 1,000 passenger automobiles a day. And this would 
probably not interfere with the concerns' private business. 
Naturally, an industry with such capacity and output can well 
afford to cooperate with die government under which it flour- 

So many of the stories regarding Mr. Birrell, evoked by re- 
cent events, go to illustrate the curious unexpectedness of the 
humor for which he is famous. It is recorded of him that, on 
one occasion, he undertook the defense of an impecunious client 
— and as this client could not pay the full regulation fee, Mr. 
Birrell, of course, declined to take any. The client, however, 
persisted, and Mr. Birrell relented. When his colleagues de- 
clared, as they did, that his action was "unprofessional," Mr. 
Birrell rounded on them smartly. "Unprofessional?" he re- 
torted, "what do you mean? I took all the poor beggar had." 

To the delight of Parisians, some say to their dismay, the 
motor 'bus is once more on the Paris streets. In company with 
his fellow the taxicab, the motor 'bus has been playing a mili- 
tary role since August, 1914. The "Madeleine-Bastille" ex- 
changed the boulevards for the army zone, and has remained 
there; for the present "Madeleine-Bastille" is a new convey- 
ance. It is described as a cross between a submarine and a 
dirigible: long, pointed green bonnet: yellow, round body and 
silent motion. It is the silence of the new "Madeleine-Bas- 
tille" which astonishes Parisians. 

If Colonel Roosevelt does make campaign speeches for Mr. 
Hughes, as it is said he has promised to do, and if Mr. Bryan 
does go on the stump for Mr. Wilson, the rallies where they 
speak, judging from attendance on past occasions, would per- 
haps have about equal drawing power. It would mean, no 
doubt, that all who could get within hearing distance would be 
present, even if the candidates were not to speak. What many 
Republicans now expect is to see Colonel Roosevelt and Mr. 
Taft speaking from the same platform. Why not? 

To enjoy a good luncheon of delicacies selected to fit the 

weather, go to Jules famous restaurant, 675 Market street, where 
the chefs create appetizing dishes. Special luncheon, 40 cents. 
French dinner with wine, a la carte, 75 cents. Dancing and 





Home Industry 


San Francisco News Letter 

. . , ,,, , , _ 

July 15, 1916 



■ l friends of Miss Hattie Goldfish, daughter 
. .f Mr. Mil-] Mis i: , will be happy to learn ol her 

. ,,_ ,._■ ■■ ...»]t to Dr. J. ■ ■■■ H known physician of -St. Louis. 

HAMILTON-H" (WAR! i.— Mr. and Mis, Edward H. Hamilton 

._ ... Miss i [elen i [am 
: ■.'■. and Mi s. George H I towa rd, Jr, 

WHARTi i?i -FORD, ri engagemeni ol tfiss h in WTiai :on to B 

Held, N. 
J., ■.. ■ side, 

MOOl i-v -HA RT Tl engae. ■ i I ol Miss Rosi ' !ai U Mood ■ ond 

,, ughtei ol Mr. and Mrs. i; C M Is ol this city, and Jessi B ei 

Hai i. if Red i ' (vas annou uneheon given al the Mood" \ 

home .inly 7th. 


BELL-McMUR RAN. —Mist E Bell, of Seattle, will be man 

Archer M Murrai Si s Cal hi dral. 

CUNNINGHAM- •CENT.. Miss Genevieve Cunnli 

and Piatt Kent will taJ 3 pti mbei 

LGCAN-HOTCHKISS.— M I i an and LJnvllle Hotchkiss will 

iai i u d aes > Mrs. Nlnole I i Bei 

MERRILL- FAY. — M Merrill and l] Brads haw 

{.'av .. jth at St. Mark's Chorch, Berk< ■ 

TTTTLE -FOWLER. — Mlsi Puttie and Franklin Dunning Powler 

will be man i.d on the evening of Augusl 7th, The wedding v 

celebrated In st. Mark's Church > 

DARXJNGTON-ERWIN. ■ announced of Mrs i 

■ ■.. in Tin ceremonj took place In 
is eyelyx-allen. — Miss Bernli d 'Evelyn, of San Francisco, was mar- 
ried In London, July 3d, to Majoi the British army. 
TIERNET-McCARTHY. Miss Alice Tlerney became the bride of Clar- 
- K McCarthy of Oakland on July 5th. 

Mrs. Alice de Witt Weston became the bride of Ed- 

wni Ward July 5th. 


THIS year— This year's debutantes include Miss Emily Pope, da 

G . ■_.' \. Pope; Miss Cornelia dampett daughtei ol 
the ''■.'■ Mrs Frederick "Vl Clampett; Miss Amy Requa, da n 

of Mr. and Mrs. Mark Requa; Miss Ellzabi th Adams, daughter of Mr, 
and Mrs. Edson Adams; Miss Jean Boyd, daughter o; Mr and Mis 
George i '■ ! ' hter of Mr. and Mis. \ Stan 

K,-,. ; , ah,- and Lucy Hanchett, daughters of Lew 

todgi . laughtei of Mr and Mis. \\ ashtng- 
to I '■■-■ and prol ■> a few others who are as yel undecided— hesi- 
tating - 


I'i.vtii- Mr - 3s at lunchi on 

aa mbling In h ive apartment on Powell Btrei I In 

compliment to Miss Barbara MacK< i 
:'MiiN\vAi,L- Mis. Noll Cornwall will i" j hostess at a luncheon to-i 

to Miss Bi s to man y Chester John 

. . . 
RUSSELL.— Mrs Oscar Russell was heon on w.d- 

; : Foi i Winfleld Scott. 
WATMAN, — Mrs Wlllard O. luncheon tt 

of Mrs. William Thomas, wh her travels. 


BftnXx] Chai lea Bi Idges -:■■■ ■ in and bi Idgi ■ ■ 

l< iTTLl pltallty of Mrs. Jonathan 

G. Kitth bild| I. 


CALHOUN.— July 6th. In hon I Mrs. Patrick Calhoun, Mrs 

Newhall pi s ■ ;,i! ' 

y» isTER I i fa Poster and her two daught 

n and Mis:- I Poster, added to the p i 

hv i . In Ross reci ntly. 

. BERING Mr. and Mrs. Geoi ■!■ n ill ui - ■■■ 

i | Mrs. Frank P. Deerlng will glvi on Wed- 
nesday. July huh, at th. ii i ■ 

HARDY.— a dh n Wednesday night by Leo Hardy at 

he Pi ■ a ol n ' ■ ol ■■ i . and Mrs Stephen Men : l 

■ i. id. 
KNIGHT.- Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Knight gave a dinnei pari 

i ■■ i ■ 1 1 Foster Dul toi 

. , . , ... ... | 

rmal dinner was enjo at the 

..,. | William H. Taylo nlo P 


Lpplegarth, who have been al 
Mill Valley for the last three months, hai 
BOYD.— Miss Louise Boyd has returned from Lake Tahoe, when 
has been visiting Mr. and Mrs. John Ga 

BROWN.— Dr. and Mis Philip King Brown hai I from an en - 

bi ■ trip lo Alaska, and have li ft for Lake Tahoe, where tin 
be guests foi a week or more 
CROCKER Mi and Mrs Charles 1 i who have be< 

several v. ■ i -. returned to their home in Belvedere. 

CARPENTER.— Mi es Whitnej I irpentei ri ol New 

York City are at the Fairmont Hotel, having 

first lapse they will «<> i" ' 

and i 

l'h« friends of Mr. and Mrs T Wilson Dtbblei will be 
pleased to learn t moved up from their homi 

b 1 1 .i ..i, i i ■!■-. i ken housi al ■ I 

i''ELT< (N. Mrs, Wm Waltei Felton has returned to ■ dence, 2422 

Buchanan street, aftei a month's visit In Loi ad Southern 

Calil la 

i'' 1 >\ Miss Sal lie Fox, who has been in Honolulu several at) 

. .! .-',. spending thi tbrtnlghi md Mrs. 

Samuel i lop! ins al A inert on. 

max!'. Mi and Mrs. Theodore Fershtand h I rrom 

i lonolulu. 

wli ■ .. a Focke of i lonolulu are hei ■ 

<>f the latter's sister, Mrs. E. R. Stackable, in Washington street. 
HASTINGS Mi. and Mrs. Phi i Mr. and Mra J. Loui 

Artiguu have jusi From a motor trip r.. Yellowstone National 

.'■' ui Mrs. Ralph A. Sollai B, 

MILLER Mi and Mrs. John H Miller have just returned from a pro- 
tracted pi- asm. tup p. Eastern cities, Including New fork, Atlantic 
City, Memphis and New Orleans, They are stopping 
Fran, is H 

RBYNOLIiS. — Aftei an enjoyable outing ■■ I En and Mrs. 

W. h returned to their apartments at the Cecil Hotel. 

tid the Mlssea Vetda and Lola 
Wood have returned to town after an absence <>f several weeks 
In various pari.- i 


BAYNE.— Mr. and Mrs. i left Inly 8th for Alia, where they 

will remain for about six w i i 

BLACK. Mi and Mrs. Vincenl Whitney and Mn Bleak left July 

Bth i"' Southern California to be away several wei 

CHEVALIER Mrs. Geo. F. Chevalier and Miss Adeli Chevaliei lefl 
last week foi i month's stay at Laki 

' 'ROTHKItS. Mrs. 1 

lI v 

(IRA HAM, Judge Thomas F. Graham. Mis. Graham- and thi 

Ethel, lei t San Franc I eks' vacation 

WAN.- Mi. ani Mis. I. W. Hellman, Jr., and their child i 
ing a week with I. w. li on Lake 


JENNESS. Mrs. Herbert Jenness and ter, Mis-- p. U 

left July i na, where M arry 1 ■ i tenant 

Robei in, U. S. N. 

KLINK Mr and M KHnk, Mr. and Mrs I ink and 

i i.iMi en lefl Crag ecei tly. 

I ETEks Mrs. .1 D. Peters ind Miss Ann 

- immcr at l »el M - 
Tl'RNER. Mr. and Mis. 11. A. Tinner and Miss Ruth Tun 

t-i Santa Cruz Sundaj 
WELCH Mr. and Mis. Andrew Welch and u en and Mr. de 

gterday for Del Monte, to !>■• away a fortnight, 


-VEN'Ai.L Mr. ind Mrs Lorenzo Avenall and Mr. and Mrs John Drum 

are taking i motoi trip through Lake County. 
VBE7RNETHY.— Mrs. Robert Abernethy passed the holidays <t In' 

win r. <i.- was a meml I 

Mrs. RI 




the 1 

jeaulilul Plaza of Union 

Square, the 


of refinement and service, 

is offering 


rates to permanent guests. 
Hotel Plaza Company 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 




M who are In England, win ie- 

im it i" San Francisco In Septembei 
RRAVERMAN. .Miss Flo of .Mrs. Harold l.;i« 

.u the i. titer's pii n Lake Tahi 

HROWN. .Miss Dorothy Brown "i \.u yorh is the guest o( Mr. ai 

i sin- rim.' Wesi with them In their private cur, 

Is their guest hi the Fairmont Hotel. 
[.'ARLING.— Mrs. Clara L. Darling is spending a tew weeks at Byron 

liHAN. — Mr. and -Mrs. Walter E Dean and .Miss Helen Dean will remain 

at Tahoe during the summei 
DOZIBR. — Mrs. Thomas B Dozler, Jr.. is spending the month with 

Dozler, motoring in Southern California on their ii yr 

FREEBORN. — Charles Freeborn will arrive In San Francisco this m 

from Paris. II-. is :i nephew of Mr. and .Mrs. Edward Hopkins. 
GOULD. — Mr. and .Mrs James ii. Gould of Portland, Ore., are the musts 

of .Miss Helen Van Winkle ai her home on Jackson street, 
HATHAWAY. — Miss Marie Hathawaj is entertaining several of lier 

friends at her beautiful summer hoi it Pebble Beach Lodge. 

MINES. — Lieutenant and Mrs. Charles nines motored to Monterey. They 

had us their guests Mrs. Richard Cox anil Mrs. John F. Boes. Mrs. 

nines lias taken a house ai Monterey for six weeks, 
i !• il.r.KOOK. — Mr. and Mrs. Harry Holbrook, who recently returned from 

,i nip to Southern California, arc at present guests at Feather River 

i !i ri'A l.ING. — Mrs. Anson P. Hotaling, Miss Cornelia O'Connor. Miss 

Jennie Blair and George Hotaling left San Francisco Sunday, with 

Banff as thier destination. 
HUNTINGTON. — Miss Marion Huntington and Mrs. John Eurke Murphy 

have gone on a trip that will include Glacier Park and Yellowstone, 

They will be away for several weeks. 
JOHNSON. — Mr. and Mrs. James A. Johnson are enjoying a fortnight's 

outing at the Yosemite. 
KENT. — Mrs. Nina Piatt Kent is passing the montli of July at Lake 

MACKS. — Miss .lean Macks of Arguello Boulevard and Miss Gus Isaacs 

have left for a trip to Portland, Seattle and Alaska. 
MASTEN. — Mrs. Joseph M. Masten and Miss Masten leave this week for 

San Diego, to be away a month or longer. 
MOORE. — Mr. and Ms. Paul H. Moore left a few- days ago for a three 

months' trip to New York. 
NRWHALL — Mr. and Mrs. Geo,'ge A. Newhall are visiting at Tahoe. 
PARROTT. — Miss Josephine Parrott. who has lieen in New York with 

her mother, Mrs. John Parrott. is home again, with her sisters and 

brothers at San Mateo. 
POND. — Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Pond are summering on the Feather Kiver 

this summer. 

Thomas Mitchell Potter are enjoying their 

er National Park, and on their return will reside 
Rivington Pyne me on their way to 11 lulu 

POTTER.— Mr. and Mrs 
honeymoon in 
in Piedmont. 

PYNE.— Mr. and Mis. II, 

on their hour, moon, 
REGAN. — Mr. and Mrs Charles Regan are spending their honeymoon at 

Santa Cruz. 

ROBERTSON Captain and Mis. Ashley n. Robertson an- enjoying a 
visit in New Y,,rk, where iiei .in guests at tic Waldorf-Astoria. 

SOHMIEDELL. — Mr. anil Mrs Edward G. Schmieden ore spen. ling the 

fortnight 1 1 i take Tal 

STONEY.- Mrs Donzel SI J and her three .laughters left last week 

for Lake T. 

SELFRIDGE Di and Mrs Grant Selfrldg 

\\ Mrs, Willard O, \\ tyman wlU It ive Tuesday foi Southern 

I 'alii, n 'ii.i 

WEIL, — Mrs, Fanny Weil ami h i tghtor. Miss I 'harline w 

' -I. : hi ' i .'' the Case del Key. 

WRIGHT, Mis John A. Wrighl I Lahoe, where 

she is Hi, gm -si ai ih.' I ie "I Mi ISdward i McC il hen. 

And now it is "Walkin' the Dawg," society's latest vag- 
ary. At the Techau Tavern every afternoon society is sipping 
its tea and crackling its cake while enjoying this modernized 
"cakewalk" of twenty years ago. The "Dawg" is simply an 
elaborate and colorful melange of the latest dance numbers em- 
bellished with pretty costumes and catchy music. After the 
matinee or the close of the afternoon session at the Ice Palace 
the women of society flock to the Tavern for the "Dawg," and 
also for the Perfume Favors — three large Four Dollar Sized 
Bottles ot La Boheme presented every afternoon at five o'clock 
to the ladies. Cutest souvenir jars ever seen in this city. Then 
come the Perfume Dances during and after the evening :inner 
hour, and in connection with the after-theatre supper late in the 
evening. Just now the Techau Tavern draws the spotlieht in 
these mid-July days of pleasurable gaiety. At noon, one may 
enjoy the Hurry-Up Luncheon for business men which, lor ser- 
vice and absolute food value, cannot be surpassed anywhere in 
the West. 

Wedding Presents. — The choicest variety to select n >m at 
Marsh's, who is now permanently located at Post and Po^^R 

Ian C Hannah. M. A. D. C. L. 

Pii, it., by Hartsook 

The second of the interesting lectures now being delivered 
by the University Extension at the Fairmont Hotel, under the 
auspices of the Grace Cathedral Foundation, will be given next 
Tuesday, July 18th, at 3 p. m., by Ian C. Hannah, M. A., D. C. 
L., late president of King's College, Nova Scotia, lecturer Ox- 
ford and Cambridge University extension system. Dr. Hanna 
is a graduate of Cambridge University, and has held various 
appointments in four continents. He is the author of seven 
books, one of which is used as a text book in at least one of 
the Imperial Universities of China. His recent researches into 
the medieval architecture of Ireland have led several British 
Antiquarians to ask him to allow his name to be put up for fel- 
lowship of the Society of Antiquaries in London. His latest 
work, "Arms and the Map," is considered one of the best books 
of its kind on the war, and will be published shortly by C. Ar- 
nold Shaw. His subject, next Tuesday afternoon, will be "The 
Reconstruction of Europe." 

Voluptuous berry! where may mortals find 
Nectars divine that ran with thee compare, 
When, having dined, we sip thy essence rare, 
And feel towards wit and repartee inclined? 

Thou wert of sneering, cynical Voltaire 
The only friend; thy power urged Balzac's mind 
To glorious effort; surely Heaven designed 
Thy devotees superior joys to share. 

Whene'er I breathe thy fumes, 'mid Summer stars, 

The Orient's splendent pomps my vision greet. 

Damascus with its myriad minarets gleams! 

I see thee, smoking, in immense bazaars. 

Or yet in dim seraglios, at the feet 

Of blonde Sultanas, pale with amorous dreams! 

— Edgar Saltus in Bruno's Weekly. 

"Here, my dear." said the husband, producing his purse, 

"here is $50 I won playing cards in the smoking room last night. 
You may have it to buy that dress you wanted." Reluctantly 
the conscientious wife took the money, then said, with an ex- 
pression of rigid rectitude: "I simply shudder at the thought of 
using money gained in such a way. Henry, promise me that 
after you have won enough for me to buy the hat to go with the 
dress that you will never again touch those awful cards. I 
don't want my husband to become a gambler." — Topeka Jour- 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 


The general business situation 
General Conditions throughout the country has under- 

In this Country. gone little change. The crop out- 

look is better than it was a month 
ago, and promises at least an average yield. There has been 
some recession of prices, for metals, natural products and man- 
ufactures, but they are due to increasing production rather than 
to diminishing demand, and they have not gone far enough to 
disturb confidence or materially check the activity of buyers. 
Production and distribution continue upon an unprecedented 
scale, and, as a rule, with large returns to producers. Manu- 
facturing lines are generally sold ahead for the remainder of 
this year, and are well assured as to next year's prospects. 

Foreign trade is as prosperous as it can well be, consider- 
ing how little capacity our manufacturers can spare from the 
home demand. Exports for the month of May aggregated 
$472,000,000, the greatest for any month of our history, with a 
favorable trade balance of $243,000,000. For the fiscal year 
ending June 30th there will be a favorable trade balance of 
approximately $2,200,000,000, or about double that of the fiscal 
year 1915. 

Under these conditions, the problem of making settlement 
for the accruing balances is an even larger one than that of last 
year. The British government announces very satisfactory pro- 
gress with its policy of mobilizing American securities from 
British holders. Since the announcement of the purpose to im- 
pose an extra tax of 10 per cent upon income from all securi- 
ties that the government stood ready to buy, the facilities for 
receiving such securities have been taxed to the utmost. There 
is no doubt that ample supplies will be available to take care 
of the purchases in the United States for a long time to come, 
but of course they must be offered gradually in this country to 
avoid affecting the market unfavorably. 

The Federal Reserve Board in its June report finds pros- 
perity in America at its climax. Factories have orders to keep 
them working at capacity throughout the year. Money is 
plenty and cheap; wages in general are probably higher than 
ever before, and collections are unusually good. Railroad earn- 
ings are showing a remarkable recovery. In spite of the record 
wages being paid, there is much unrest among employees. An- 
other unfavorable factor is the congestion of freight, especi- 
ally ocean freight. Every shipyard in the United States is 
working to capacity, with an aggregate of more than 1,000,000 
tons of shipping on the stocks. 

The Supreme Court of Nevada has decided in favor of 

the West End Mining Company in the three year old suit, in 
which was involved with the Jim Butler Company the question 
of an apex. The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the 
"lower court, which had decided in favor of the West End. There 
was involved the ownership of about $150,000 in bullion al- 
ready extracted from the disputed territory, and impounded 
under a court order. 

The munition trade of this country with the belligerents 

represents only 5 per cent of the exports from this country. A 
situation which shows the extraordinary strong foreign trade of 
the United States under the present administration at Wash- 

The north drift of the 1,660 level of the Eleven Troughs 

Coalition has disclosed a foot of vein material that assays $600 
per ton. Since the strike was made in the winze at this depth 
the value of the ore shoot has doubled in value. 

The cotton area in Imperial Valley is this year in excess 

of 100,000 acres, an increase of approximately 200 per cent. 
The average yield which last year amounted to 7-10 of a bale 
per acre is this year expected to return to one bale. 

The Tonopah output for last week amounted to 8,038 

tons, valued at $170,764, as compared with 9,093 tons, valued 
at $189,934, during the preceding week. Belmont shipped 
2,115 tons, Tonopah Mining, 2,000 tons; Jim Butler, 600 tons; 
West End, 605 tons; Rescue-Eula, 159 tons; Halifax, 181 tons; 
Montana, 106 tons; North Star, 52 tons, and Midway, 20 tons. 
Tonopah Extension last week shipped bullion and concentrates 
valued at $74,310. Belmont shipped bullion and concentrates 
worth $153,532, and West End shipped bullion worth $49,934. 

Five bars of bullion shipped by Union Consolidated on 

July 2d are officially reported to have assayed in value $21,- 
100. The extraction during this week is said to be satisfactory. 

The export trade of the United States for the fiscal year 

will be four billion dollars, according to Secretary Redfield. 
The imports, chiefly raw materials, will total over $2,000,- 

British trade is growing rapidly despite the war. Im- 
ports increased $55,000,000 and exports increased $70,000,000. 
Exports were higher than any month since January, 1914. 

Merchandise exports for June totaled $7,992,587 vs. 

$5,929,411 for June, 1915, and $3,530,904 for June, 1914. 

The commerce of San Joaquin County was valued at 

$39,000,000 in 1915. 

17 Years in City Surveyor's 
aii'l City Engineer's Office 


Late Charity s. Til 


SUCCESSORS TO o. s. tilton 


All Survey Notefl Sav-.l 

Room 406, Charleston Building - 251 KEARNY STREET, San Francisci— Ptione Douglas 366 

O. A. ROULEAU, President DONZEL STONEY, Manager 

WALTER C. CLARK, Secretary and Asat. Manager 

Title Insurance And Guaranty Company 

CAPITAL $500,030.00 
Phone Garfield 2170 250 MONTGOMERY ST. San Francisco. Cal. 

No. 2756 

i .1. Marcel Vogel, residing at No. 134 Put! the city and 

ol San Francisco, California, do hereby certify that i am transacting 
ness under the fictitious name of Vogel Color Studio; that 1 am | 
owner of the said business, and the place where I 

'lueted is No. 1422 Franklin street in the i 11 and of San Fran- 
State "i California, City and County of San Francisco 
On this 17th day of June In the year one thousand nlni 
sixteen, before me Hita Johnson, a Notary Public, in and foi the City and 
( *ounty of San Francisco, pereoi ■ ■ d .!. MARCEL V' » VET* known 
i" in.' to be the person whose name is subscribed t" the within Instrument, 
and he duly acknowledged to me that 

in wttiess thereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official 
Seal, at my office In tie- <""ity and County of San Francisco, the day and 
this certificate first above written. i.Mv commission expires Juiv 
16, 19».) 

Public In and for the City and County of San Francisco. St 

.1 ■ 22. 1916. II. I MULCREVY, Clerk. Bv L J. WBXUCB D< puts Clerk. 

AI.CBRNON CROFTON. Attorney-at-Law. G17 to 621 New Call Build- 

Queen Regent Merger Mines Company 

itlon of principal pla f business. San Francisco, Calif* 

lion "f works, Mineral County, Nevada, and N< 

Notice is h thai al a meeting of the Dire ■-. in Id ■ 

of Jul i '.' 1 6, a n as •■ si men! i >J -half ■•■ nt pei 

njion the Issued capital stock of the corporation, payable Immediately, in 

ol the i halted States, to the Seci etary, i of the 

■ ■■ ripany. 337 Monadnock Building, San Francisco, California. 

,\ny st'"'i; on which thi ent shall remain unpaid on the 18th 

August, 1916, will be delinquent and advertised for sale at public 

inlesa pa \ menl Is madi ore, will 1 oi Tui Bday, the 

r.'th day of September L916, I ■■ thi delli assessment, >■ 

b Ith the costs of advertising and expenses of sale. 

II. B. WADE), g 
i nflce — 3.17 Monadnock Building, B81 Market street, San 
on la. 

The Hibernla Savings and Loan Society. 
i or the half yei i ending Jun 30, L916, a dividend I as bei n de< I 

n n u m on all d 
, July I, i ''i 6. D not < n n I 

1 »os I tors* account, beconn a pari thei md will earn dlvtdei 

l. i -.tie. t''i July 10, 1916, will draw interest from 


R. M. TOB1 Secretai 
Office — Corner Market, McAlllstei and Jont treel 

July 15, 1916 

and Calif 01 nia Advertiser 



It is now generally understood that J. E. Phelps will nol be 
re-appointed to the office of insurance commissioner for the 
State of California. Although his term expired June 30th, his 
successor has not yet been appointed, and there is much specu- 
lation as to who will be named for the office. That a man has 
already been decided upon by Governor Johnson is positive, 
and so well is this point recognized that several active aspir- 
ants have ceased their wire pulling and resigned themeslves to 
disappointment. The wise ones have reached the conclusion 
that the Governor's choice will fall upon either Judge Willis 
Morrison of Los Angeles or Charles Dempsted, the ruling spirit 

of the Fraternal Brotherhood. 

* * * 

General Agent H. W. Fores announces that on August 1st 
the San Francisco office of the Scottish Union and National, and 
the State Assurance, will be removed from 420 Montgomery 
street to the Royal Insurance Building, 201 Sansome street, in 
the ground floor premises formerly occupied by the C. C. Kin- 
ney general agency. This will bring these two substantial com- 
panies into the heart of the insurance district. 

According to data prepared for Commissioner of Public 
Health and Safety F. F. Jackson by B. B. Jones, executive sec- 
retary to the commissioner, fire losses for the fiscal year just 
closed were less than half those of the preceding year in the 

city of Oakland. 

* & * 

The Marysville supervisors have agreed to take liability in- 
surance offered by the State, and have purchased a compensa- 
tion policy covering every county employee from the sheriff to 
road workers. This county is the 33d county of the State to 
come under the law. The cost for the first year to the county 
will be $680, with possibility of a return dividend in case the 

thirty-three counties are short in accidents. 

* * » 

Manager J. L. Fuller of the Norwich Union's Pacific depart- 
ment announces the appointment of G. E. O'Neil as manager of 
the company's automobile department, with headquarters in 
San Francisco. 


A philanthropic New York woman was entertaining, in the 
spacious grounds of her suburban residence, a large number of 
East-Side children. On her rounds of hospitality she was im- 
pressed with one strikingly beautiful little girl. She could not 
have been more than nine years old, but her coal-black eyes 
flashed with intelligence. The hostess introduced herself and 
began a conversation. 

"Does what you see here lo-day please you?" she asked. 

The child eyed her host in silence. 

"Talk away," said the lady. "Don't be afraid." 

"Tell me," then said the child, "how many children have you 

Astonished at the question, the lady hesitated for a moment, 
and then entered into the fun of the situation. 

"Ten," she replied. 

"Dear me," answered the child, "that is a very large family. 
I hope you are careful and look after them. Do you keep them 
all clean." 

"Well, I do my best." 

"And is your husband at work?" 

"My husband does not do any kind of work. He never has." 

"That is very dreadful," replied the little girl earnestly, "but 
I hope you keep out of debt." 

The game had gone too far for Lady Bountiful's enjoyment 
of it. 

"You are a very rude and impertinent child," she burst out, 
"to speak like that, and to me." 

The child became apologetic. "I am sure I didn't mean to be, 
ma'am," she explained. "But mother told me before I came 
that I was to be sure to speak to you like a lady, and when 
any ladies call on us, they always ask us those questions." — 
New York Evening Post. 

"Cheer up, old boy," advised the married man. "You 

know 'tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved 
at all." "Yes," agreed the rejected suitor, jingling a bunch of 
keys in his pocket, "better for the florist, the confectioner, the 
messenger boy, the restaurant waiter, the taxicab man, the 
theatrical magnate and the jeweler." — New York American. 

The news that the Pacific Department 
of the Insurance Company of North 
America and Alliance under General 
Agent J. C. Johnston, had been consoli- 
dated with that of the Yorkshire and 
Northern of New York, struck the street 
as somewhat of a surprise. Mr. Johnston 
continues as general agent and J. K. 
Hamilton and McClure Kelly as assist- 
ants. This will make one of the largest 
and most important general agencies on 

the Pacific Coast. 

* * * 

The office of secretary of the Pacific 
Coast Adjustment Bureau has been abol- 
ished with the retirement of G. Harold 

Ward, after a connection of four years. 

• * * 

At the last meeting of the Life Under- 
writers Association of San Francisco, 
President George Leisander was elected 
to succeed W. L. Hathaway as represen- 
tative of the body on the National execu- 
tive committee, Mr. Hathaway's term 
having expired. The membership of the 
local association has increased to the ex- 
tent of fifty since the first of the year, 
twenty-five having been initiated at the 

July meeting. 

« * * 

Dr. I. M. Rubinow, president of the 
Casualty, Actuarial and Statistical So- 
ciety of America, has assumed his duties 
as consulting expert to the State Social 
Insurance Commission. He has been en- 
gaged for a term of six months. 


There'» one — and only one — water - le«l 

route from Chicago to New York. 
There'sone— andonlyone railroad station on 

the Loop in Chicago— La Salle St, Station. 
There's one — and only one— railroad station 

on the Subway in New York — Grand 

Central Terminal. 

There's one— and only one — 

20th Century Limited 

Lt. La Salle Street Station, Chicago 12:40 noon 
Ar. Grand Central Terminal. New York 9:40 a.m. 

NewYork&ntral Railroad 

r*. Wmfr i*r./ It °vl* 

Ten Other Fast Daily Trains 

including the 
LAKE SHORE UWTLD L». Oki|* SMpa. Ar. few T«rfc 5 2S p*. 
LAKE SHORE (U. *-Lt. Ok*n l«:2Saa. Af. H«w T«rfc *Mm. 

tichfti Md i l wpfa g e 
naUon can oa ©» »Mrw o 

Arx-lT tn r.iur WjI i 
■crittma. of Ice cone 

rutin C Cr-sm*. U<nl **•*! Psnsm- Dwjt. 






San Francisco News Letter 

July IS, 1916 


Albert Dernham. 

Albert Dernham, president of the Emporium, and recognized 
generally as a leading executive business man in the commu- 
nity, passed away this week after a period of failing health 
lasting several months. Hi was sixty years old. Mr. Dernham 
v/as one of the founders of the Emporium, and he gave it all his 
spontaneous eneigies and his heartfelt interest. His kindly 
character and deep interest in the welfare of the community in 
which he lived was proverbial. His brother, Henry Dernham, 
former president of the Emporium, died last January. His wife 
passed away last September, and these losses naturally had 
their effect on a man of deep family feeling. He is survived by 
two daughters, Misses Sadie and Elsjie Dernham; a son, 
Monte Dernham, a practicing local attorney, and William A. 
Kaufmann, a brother-in-law. His loss will be widely felt. 

Horace Davis. 

Horace Davis, one-time president of the University of Cali- 
fornia, and for many years prominent in both educational and 
business fields in California, died this week at Hahnemann 
Hospital, where he underwent an operation for appendicitis. He 
rallied from the operation, but his age, 85 years, proved too 
strong a handicap. Horace Davis was until a few years ago 
President of the Sperry Flour Company. He was promi- 
nent nationally in the American Unitarian Association, and in 
various branches of learning. 

He was born in Worcester, Mass., the son of John D. Davis, a 
Massachusetts governor, and of Eliza Bancroft Davis. Har- 
vard University awarded Davis the degree of A. B. in 1849. 

He was a member of Congress from California in 1877-81 ; 
member of the Republican Natioanl Committee in 1880-88; 
Presidential Elector, 1884; president of the University of Cali- 
fornia, 1887-90; president of the board of trustees of Stanford 
University; former president of the National Conference of the 
Unitarian Church; president of the California School of Me- 
chanical Arts and member of numerous scientific and historical 
societies. He was the author of books on the American Con- 
stitution and on Shakespeare's sonnets. He is survived by a 
son, Norris K. Davis. His wife, a daughter of Rev. Thomas 
Starr King, died in 1909. 

G. Kirk Drury. 

G. Kirk Drury, brother of Ernest L. Drury, assistant mana- 
ger of the St. Francis Hotel, passed away this week in Denver. 
Colo., where he resided. He was born in Manchester, New 
Hampshire, thirty-three years ago. Hie widow, Marjorie Drury, 
survives him. 

Edward Henry Kittredge. 

Edward Henry Kittredge, prominent in business and social 
circles, passed away this week. He leaves a widow and two 
daughters, Mrs. Arthur W. Collins, Mrs. Frank F. Baldwin, 
and a brother, John R. Kittredge, of Lowell, Mass. Mr. Kit- 
tredge was the president of the California Door Company, was 
interested in a number of financial enterprises, and widely 
known throughout the business community of the Pacific Coast. 


Come, my dusky belle! 

Put your hand on my arm, 

Don't you hear the banjo call? 

Don't you hear the light feet fall? 

In a circle, 'neath the trees, 

We'll fling away the day, 

And dance, dance, 

To the beat of our hearts 

In the wild moon's witching ray. 

Like hibiscus in the gloom 

Are your lips! 

Falling stars in the dark, 

Are your eyes ! 

Come, my dusky belle, faster let us go! 

Don't you hear the banjo call ? 

Don't you hear the light feet fall ? 

— Madge Clover. 


Under this title, the management of the Panama-Pacific In- 
ternational Exposition, headed by President Charles C. Moore, 
has just issued a beautiful book, a gem of the typographer's art, 
giving an interpretation of the intellectual and moral heritage 
left to mankind by the world celebration at San Francisco in 
1915. The purpose of the book cannot be expressed better than 
in the introduction message written by President Moore : 

"The effect wrought upon human progress and world better- 
ment by the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, whose 
gates have recently closed at San Francisco, the legacy it has 
bequeathed to the children of men, and the heritage of the 
millions who came to drink inspiration from the fountains of 
this great world-university, have been pointed out by thousands 
of thinking men and women of national and international im- 
portance, who have written to us in expression of their interpre- 
tation of the lessons which the Exposition has inculcated. Their 
letters, full of the deepest feeling, of the profoundest under- 
standing, and of rare literary charm, were so forceful, so com- 
pelling, that it will be regretted that more could not be here 
presented. We are able to publish the epitome of a few only 
of the thousands received." 

No attempt has been made to segregate the sentiments pub- 
lished. They are printed in the alphabetical order of their re- 
spective authors. In a broad marginal column bordering each 
page, a short sentence is printed giving the gist of the writer's 
sentiment. This beautiful souvenir suitably crowns the feel- 
ings, judgment and appreciation of the lofty conception of the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition, a lasting memory. 


Absolute evidence have I none, 

But my aunt's charwoman's sister's son, 

Heard a policeman on his beat 

Say to a housemaid in Downing Street 

That he had a brother whr. had a friend 

Who knew when the war was going to end! 

— Liverpool Post. 


^^•w'm'^ °t these 

f $g% LOW 

™// SUNSET \*| , _. 


r°uteL_/ / r A.K HlO 


\^f | I^/ Baltimore $108.50 

Boston 112.70 

FIRST IN SAFETY Chicago 72.50 

Dallas 62.50 

SALE DATES °w 55.00 

Houston 62.50 

July 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 26, Kansas City 60.00 

27, 28. Memphis 70.00 

Aug. 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 24, 25, 28, Montreal 110.70 

29. New Orleans 70.00 

Sept. 7, 8, 12, 13. New York 110.70 

Tickets will also be sold to Philadelphia 110.70 

Buffalo, N. Y.. July 4, 5 and 6. «. Louis 70.00 

August 1. 2. and 3; to Clncln- pronto 98.50 

natl. Ohio. July 11. 12 and 13; Washington 108.50 

to Davenport. la.. July 26. 27 and Ogden, Salt Lake City and 

28; to Chattanooga. Tenn.. Sep- other points upon request. 

tember 11 and 12. Good on AN Tra | ns 

r*„i„„ t i™u i- ,,,,„ Pullman Standard and Tourist 

Going Limit lo days. Sleeping Cars 

Return Limit. Three Months -_»_•■ - , „ 

_ „ ,«,._i * Best Dining Car n Amer ca 

from Pate of Sale, but not af- " 

ter October 31. 1916. Go | ng and Returning 

$110.70 to New York is good between New Orleans and New 
York by Southern Pacific's Atlantic S. S. Line, with sailings 
Wednesdays and Saturdays, and includes Berth and Meals on 

For Train Service and Sleeping Car Berths 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


One Hundred and Fifty Millions to be Spent on Roads 

Cooperation between the National Government and the 
States in highways improvement has begun on a country-wide 

In the next five years $150,000,000 will be expended on a 
half-and-half plan, upon arterial roads selected by the highway 
authorities of the forty-eight States, subject to the approval of 
the Secretary of Agriculture. 

The cooperative plan became effective when President Wood- 
row Wilson attached his signature to the concrete proposition 
which resulted in the merging by the conferees of the two bills 
passed by Congress, the Senate and House having adopted 
different measures. In greater degree the Senate bill found ap- 
proval, for it directed quite positively the expenditure of the 
money and required the maintenance of the roads after con- 
struction by imposing a discontinuance of further funds for neg- 
lect in this important matter. 

In the amalgamation of the two measures the conferees of the 
Senate were Senator John H. Bankhead, chairman of its com- 
mittee on Post Offices and Post Roads, and Senators Claude A. 
Swanson of Virginia and Charles E. Townsend of Michigan. 
Representatives D. W. Shackleford, chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Roads, and E. W. Saunders of Virginia, were the spokes- 
men for the House. 

With the Federal Aid Convention conducted by the Ameri- 
can Automobile Association in Washington, January 16-17, 
1912, started the effort which finally resulted in the law just 
enacted. Congress answered this first gathering by the crea- 
tion of a joint committee of the Senate and House, authorized 
to investigate upon the desirability and feasibility of Federal 
aid to the States. Its report was distinctly favorable. 

Combining their energies, the American Automobile Asso- 
ciation urged the fundamentals contained in the Bankhead- 
Shackleford legislation accomplished. 

Chairman George C. Diehl of the A. A. A. Good Roads 
Board thus comments on this new policy of combining Federal 
and State funds in roads building : 

"The majority of the States have provided for definite sys- 
tems of State highways, which they are constructing as rapidly 
as available means permit. Every effort should be directed 
now toward having the federal funds apply on these State sys- 
tems and not frittered away on countless little disconnected lo- 
cal roads. It is the duty of those who wish to see tangible and 
lasting benefit derived from the federal aid to shape public sen- 
timent so as to have it solidly back of the policy of applying 
federal aid to the completion of the State highway systems and 
to the connecting up of these systems with each other, so that, 
while serving the primary interests of each State, we shall pro- 
ceed rapidly toward the acquirement of a comprehensive na- 
tional system." 

Added to the $75,000,000 from the Federal Treasury will be 
a like amount from the several States. The federal distribu- 
tion is on the basis of area, population and rural delivery and 
star routes. The first year appropriation is $5,000,000, with 
a yearly increase of the same amount during the five year per- 

The Texas appropriation of $4,515,750 leads in amount of 
federal distribution; next is New York, with $3,877,500; Penn- 
sylvania, $3,585,750; Illinois, $3,432,000; Ohio. $2,005,500; 
Missouri, $2,633,250; while California is seventh with i 
250. Why California, which is second in size, first in p<- 
number of autos, and third or fourth in actual number, 
-oventh in appropriation is a mystery ? 

A supplement to the bill which survived the report 
conferees gives an additional $10,000,000, to be expe I 

the rate of $1,000,000 a year, on roads within or adjacent to 
Federal forest reserves, the money to be repaid ultimately out 
of the sale of timber and from other sources of revenue. The 
Western States were particularly interested in this phase of 
the question, and successfully contended that the National 
Government should protect and develop its own property. 

::: ■■':■ : 

Mjtorlsts Pay State Over Two Millions 

Superintendent H. A. French of the State Motor Vehicle De- 
partment reports the following statistics to date, for 1916: Reg- 
istrations — Automobiles, 189,678; motorcycles, 25,669; chauf- 
feurs, 10,088; automobile dealers, 1,264; motorcycle dealers, 
193. Receipts— Automobiles, $1,903,290.36; motorcycles, $48,- 
623.00; chauffeurs, $18,156.30; automobile dealers, $849.50; 
miscellaneous, $2,114. Total, $2,004,768.91. 

* * * 
Railways Use Motor as Auxiliary 

American steam and electric railroad companies which com- 
plain of the decrease of passenger traffic on the profitable short- 
haul lines, might study the work of British railroad companies 
using motor 'buses and motor trucks as feeders for their pas- 
senger, freight and parcel haulage, tapping sections of the 
country which, while fairly well populated, do not permit of 
the installation of permanent branch lines on rails. Accord- 
ing to the latest report received by the National Automobile 
Chamber of Commerce, no less than 223 'buses and more than 
250 motor trucks were employed in this service, with satisfac- 
tory profits to the roads concerned. 

Despite the requirements of the War Office, which took a 
large number of the most modern of these vehicles for its own 
use, the railroads have managed to keep a fairly large fleet go- 
ing throughout the past year, and preparations are said to be 
under way for considerable increases this summer. The largest 
of the motor fleets are as follows : 

Railroads Motor Busses Motor Trucks 

Great Western 109 95 

London & Northwestern 20 75 

North Eastern 43 17 

Midland 2 38 

Great Northern of Scotland 36 

London and South Western 2 27 

The Midland Railway doubled its fleet of trucks last year and 
the North Western increased its fleet 50 per cent. These road 
vehicles are used principally as connecting links between the 
main lines and towns located some distance back from the rail- 
roads. There is a big opportunity for similar use of motor ve- 
hicles by the railroads and interurban electric lines in the 
United States for serving communities too small to make the 
construction and operation of branch roads profitable. Recog- 
nition of the possibilities has been slow in dawning on promot- 
ers and capitalists, however. 

* * * 

Lincoln Highway Will Have Great Increase of Travel 

News from various points in the State indicates a greatly in- 
creased number of transcontinental motorists headed for Cali- 
fornia during the coming year. The California State Automo- 
bile Association is supplying information on an average to 150 
people per day. The major part of the inquiries concerning long 
distance travel coming from those anticipating the drive over 
the Lincoln Highway. 

For the accommodation of these tourists, the work of mark- 
ing the transcontinental route from Salt Lake City to San Fran- 
cisco is being rushed. Within the next ten days, engineers of 
the Association will start securing data and other information to 
be used in this marking. About $50,000 is to be raised for the 
improvement of this section of the route, and the California 
Redwood Association has already donated redwood posts, to 
which the markers are to be attached. 

» * * 

Pennsylvania Registrations 

Up until the close of business, June 12th, the Pennsylvania 
State Highway Department received in registration and license 
lees $2,002,462, as compared with $1,665,276 for the entire 
year of 1915. The estimates for the present year are $2,225,- 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 

Mystery of Announcement Disclosed 

Following a mystery advance announcement, Apperson Bros. 
Automobile Company of Kokomo, Indiana, is sending out a no- 
tice that the line for 1917 will be known as the "Apperson Road- 
aplane," and wili consist of six and eight cylinder models. The 
Apperson is one of the few cars in the country in which the 
transmission case is placed amidships. The Apperson Roada- 
plane is to road travel what the aeroplane is to the sky and the 
hydroplane to water. 

The six is equipped with 3 ' j by 5 inch motor, and the eight 
with cylinder dimensions of 3V a by 5 inches. 

The motor sizes used in both models follow the practice of 
1916 cars, as do the general principles of design, but mechani- 
cal refinements throughout- make a much quieter and more 
powerful motor. 

The new six motor is enbloc L-head type, developing 48 
horsepower. Light weight, with maximum strength, character- 
izes the construction. The crankshafts are hollow and the cen- 
tral portion tak^s care of oiling the wrist pin and connecting rod 
bearings from a positive pressure feed system of lubrication. 

A dual sys.em of ignition, distributor and storage battery, 
and a two-unit, six vo't starting and lighting system, constitutes 
the equipment. A tubular shaft is between two universals, all 
of which drives between a three-speed gear set and a demount- 
able floating type of rear axle. 

The light eight motor is constructed in blocks of four, with 
L-head cylinders; the power developed is 58 horsepower, with 
a maximum of 65. Springs on both models are semi-elliptic in 
the front and three-quarter elliptic in the rear. Both the six and 
the eight touring cars weigh about 3,000 pounds and the road- 
sters are under that weight. 

The design, finish and equipment of the bodies are luxurious 
and thoroughly well planned. Upholstery is of genuine Turk- 
ish type leather, the backs being made from a single hide. Even 
the backs of the seats themselves are covered with genuine 


* * * 

Importance of the Differential 

Driving both wheels positively with the Bailey Gearless Dif- 
ferential means all possible road traction, where with the gear 
differential, there is traction only on the wheel having the least 
road resistance — thus a car is enabled to negotiate bad roads, at 
their worst, when impassable for any car equipped with the 
gear differential — even with tire chains. 

Absence of differential friction allows considerable more 
power to be delivered to the rear wheels — this increased power 
being especially noticeable in hill climbing and heavy going. 

With the gear differential, due to its balanced gearing, when 
one wheel leaves the ground or is on a slippery surface, the 
whole power of the motor is expended in accelerating that 
wheel, and traction is lost for the period. When it strikes solid 
ground, its stored energy thrusts from one wheel to the other, 
and thus causes sidesway— and in its pronounced form — a skid. 
The Gearless Differential works the opposite — the power going 
to the wheel having traction, practically eliminates skidding 
and sidesway. 

Gasoline and tire saving is effected by the absence of differ- 
ential friction — no motor speeding due to wheel spinning — driv- 
ing on the slow wheel thus less revolutions of the motor — also 
no sidesway or sidethrust on tires. 

Construction — few parts — scientifically heat treated. Result 
— maximum durability. 

The Gearless Differential Company of Detroit, Mich., are the 
manufacturers, and recently have made radical reductions in 

* * * 

Wisconsin Cars Total One Hundred and Eleven Thousand 

John S. Donald, Secretary of State, has issued specifications 
for furnishing number plates for private owners, dealers and 
motorcyclists for 1917, and it is interesting to note that the call 
for bids contemplates a registration of 130,000 motor vehicles 
by private owners of Wisconsin next year. More than thirty- 
seven manufacturers of plates will bid for the job. The con- 
tract will be for 130,000 sets of plates for cars and 7,000 sets 
for motorcycles, in addition to 3,000 plates for dealers. Up to 
this time the Secretary of State has issued in excess of 96,000 
to private owners, and there is no doubt that the early estimates 
of z. total 1916 registration of 110,000 will be realized, if not 

^L ----^^^- — -^ 

lt% ' & 

r t$4 

J \ H 

<m+** J 

■ / ' fr^ 

"**^ H lb*~ 

^1 *L' ^ 



m I 

"Flat tires are out of date," according to Miss Eunice Hewson, who is 
seen vulcanizing an inner tube with her Low's 5 Minute Vulcanizer before 
"getting up time," a morning during her recent trip through the valley. 
"I always take my Low's Vulcanizer with me," she remarked. "It's so 
small, simple and vulcanizes such a perfect patch that I feel well pre- 
pared against punctures and blow-outs." 

Railway Association Recommends Uniform Signal.; 

Five specific practices for protecting every grade crossing in 
the United States were adopted by the American Railway Asso- 
ciation at its semi-annual meeting in New York. The special 
committee on prevention of accidents at grade crossings was 
authorized at the meeting to confer with the National Associa- 
tion of Railway Commissioners and to join with it in recom- 
mending standards to be followed in the protection of grade 
crossings and to secure legislation in all the States requiring 
compliance with such standards. 

The standards which will be recommended for adoption by 
public service commissions and other properly constituted au- 
thorities are as follows: 

1 — Uniform approach warning signs. 

2 — Uniform color of light for night indication. 

3 — Uniform use of circular disc approximating 16 inches in 
diameter, with the word "Stop" painted thereon in large letters, 
instead of the varicolored flags which are now in use by cross- 
ing watchmen or flagmen. 

A — Uniform painting of crossing gates alternate diagonal 
stripes of black and white — somewhat like a barber's pole. 

5 — Uniform rules governing crossing watch men or flagmen 

while controlling or regulating street or highway traffic. 

* * * 

Every Third Family Owns Car 

Every third family in the State of Nebraska owns a motor 
car, according to a xeport issued by Secretary of State Charles 
Pool. There are now registered with the Secretary of State 
"6,815 moto cars, which does not include 3,016 motorcycles. 
Motor car registrations during May totaled 5,650, and conser- 
vative estimates indicate that by the end of September there 
will be in this State one car for every 2.7 families. 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Autos Have Replaced Steel as Index to Prosperity 

With a showing of 100 per cent increase in the sales for the 
past six months we have every reason to believe that old Gen- 
eral Prosperity has planned a campaign of permanent occupa- 
tion for the next twelve months. 

"Having just returned from a tour of Western and Middle 
Western territory, I can say unhesitatingly that I have never 
talked with a more optimistic bunch of dealers since the early 
days of the industry," said Paul Smith, vice-president, Western 
Selling Division, Chalmers Motor Co. 

"If the immense revenue obtained from an automobile tax 
were devoted to good roads, the average motorist of the States 
I have recently visited would pay the bill gladly, and in this 
matter he would have the hearty co-operation of the motor car 

"The effect of good roads on automobile sales is forcibly 
brought home to the man who visits Western territory after an 
absence of some months. Wherever good roads are laid down, 
automobile dealers spring into being and the sale of cars fol- 
lows as a matter of course. 

"According to the figures given out by the Public Roads and 
Rural Engineering Office in Washington, nearly a quarter of a 
billion dollars, that is, $250,000,000, was spent last year in this 
country for highway construction and maintenance. 

"Although this means that we now have 247,490 miles of 
hard-surfaced road, that figure fails to stand out impressively 
when we realize that there are 200,273,000 miles in the road 
system of the entire country. 

"One feature which impresses the traveler who is used to 
concrete Eastern roads, is the futility, not to say uselessness, 
of building roads the surfaces of which are not durable under 
present traffic. Many States are spending two-thirds as much 
for maintenance annually as they spend for new roads. Michi- 
gan as a pioneer in the concrete road movement is showing the 
way to permanent roads at the lowest possible cost of yearly 

"Good roads construction within the next five years will 
mean the opening up of territory to the automobile manufac- 
turer and a quicker and cheaper way for the farmers now living 
in isolated districts to bring their products to market." 

* # * 

There are many garages in town, and the motorist is often 
in a quandary as to where to go, especially for permanent ser- 
vice. There are very few who give you the quality of service 
of Dow & Green, in Taylor street, between O'Farrell and Geary. 
Here your car will receive something more than the "once 
over," and the prices are moderate. 

Heiress — But you must keep our engagement a strict 

secret. Suitor — From all but my most insistent creditors, my 
dearest — Boston Transcript. 






Tips to Automobilists 

Th» Newi Letter recommend! the following geragee, hotele and supply 
homer Tourlete will do well to cut this Met out and kaep It aa a guide: 

PALO ALTO.— LARKIN'S CAFE— Just opened. The only atrlctly first- 
class cafe on the Wishbone Route devoted to the patronage of automoh le 
owners and their families Corner of University avenue and The Circle. 

SAN JOSE— I.AMOI.I.B DRILL, 38- J8 North First street The best 
French dinner In California. 76 cents, or a la carte. Automobile parties 
given particular attention. 

PALO ALTO.— PAI.O ALTO GARAGE «43 Emmerson St.. Tel. P. A. 
3SS. Auto livery at all hours Tires and sundries In itock. Gasoline, oil. 
repairing. Inthework. vulcanlllng. Ont day and night 



819-835 IlLJLIO Ol. ven Mess Avenue 

Know What You Are Going to Pay. Ask 


" the man who knows " 

1445 BUSH ST. Phone Franklin 2190 

General automobile repairing. Reboring and rebuild- 
ing of motors a specialty. Only first class work handled 
and all work guaranteed. Gray and Davis starting and 
lighting systems repaired. 

Rayfield Carburetor Service Station. 


'It suits because it doesn't soot" 

If you want to prolong the life of your engine 
If you want to eliminate smoke and carbon 
If you want to reduce your oil expense 

Use MoToRoL 

Hughson & Merton, Inc. 

530 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco, Cat. 


PROOF BUILDING Phones— Park «3S6. Park 5138 








8th ar 

d Market Sts. San Francisco 



Long Mileage Tire* and Second-Hand Tires 
Everything Needed for the Bus 

1135 VAN NESS AVE.— Near Geary Phone PROSPECT 1566 

Automobile Starting and Lighting Systems 
Give Satisfactory Results When Given Proper Attention 

We specialize on electrical equipment, storage batteries, etc. 
and guarantee satisfaction. 


639 Van Nets Ave. BRAND A CUSHMAN Phone Prospect 741 


Strictly Fire Proof Building 





Kings'* *' 

J. B. Kelly J. H. Ross 

Kelly Ball Bearing Co 


New and Rebuilt 
Bal I Bea rings 


1155 Van Ness Avenue 

Phone Prospect 4300 Sin Francisco. Cil. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 


"Conditions of Labor in American Industries." 

Under this title Funk & Wagnalls Company are soon to pub- 
lish an authoritative collection and synthesis of the results of 
recent federal, State and other investigations and studies of 
wage-earners in the principal industries of the United States. 
It will show their wages, their hours of labor, their sanitary 
conditions, the wage-earner's health and that of his family, the 
family income, the family expenditure, mortality statistics, and 
the various factors governing health and efficiency. The dis- 
tribution of wage-earners will be shown, according to race, in- 
dustry, geographical divisions, etc., with the extent of labor- 
union membership. In short, the book will be an unbiased sci- 
entific statement of facts, written in a non-technical style, and 
of special value to the business man, to students of economic 
questions, to the social worker and the labor unionist. As a 
text book for university and college classes, in economic and 
labor problems, it should meet a wide need. Its authors are W. 
Jett Lauck, formerly associate professor of economics in Wash- 
ington and Lee University, who has done extensive work in 
connection with the U. S. Immigration Commission and the U. 
S. Tariff Board, and Edgar Sydenstricker, also an expert in- 
vestigator and researchist along economic lines. 

"Napoleon, In His Own Words." 

Books continue to be poured out to flash some phase of new 
light on the intensely interesting character of Napoleon. The 
number of these books from all nations attest the deep and 
penetrating interest this extraordinary character still has on 
the world. The present book is an excellent translation from 
the French of Jules Bertaut by Herbert Edward Law and Chas. 
Lincoln Rhodes. The 150 pages cover selected pithy aphor- 
isms of Napoleon on success, psychology and morals, love and 
marriage, things political, fine arts, administration, religion, 
war and sociology. In these pages he reveals the diverse as- 
pects of his complex mentality. An appendix of notes throws 
additional side lights on Napoleon's character, and numbers of 
famous men with whom he exchanged ideas. Some very inter- 
esting views on Napoleon's mental attitude towards the world 
and the real character of the man are aptly set forth in the two 

Price $1 net. Published by A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. 

"The Human Boy and the War." 

In this book of stories Eden Phillpotts uses his genial gift 
of characterization to picture the effect of the European war 
on the impressionable minds of boys — English school-boys far 
away from anything but the mysterious echo of the strange 
terrors and blood-stirring heroisms of battle, who live close only 
to the martial invitation of a recruiting station. There are 
stories of a boy who runs away to go to the front, teachers who 
go — perhaps without running; the school's contest for a prize 
poem about war, and snow battles, fiercely belligerent, mimick- 
ing the strategies of Flanders and the Champagne. They are 
deeply moving sketches revealing the heart and mind of Eng- 
lish youth in war-time. 

Cloth 12mo, $1.25 net. Published by The Macmillan Com- 
pany, New York. 

"Human Documents." 

The J. B. Lippincott Company will publish a great series of 
books, beginning in June with four volumes, human documents 
recording in autobiography the daily experiences of individual 
soldiers, the authors, in the great war. The four to appear im- 
mediately are: "With My Regiment: From the Aisne to La 
Bassee," by a Platoon Commander; "The Epic of Dixmude," 
by Charles Le Goffic: "In the Field," the Impressions of an 
Officer of Light Cavalry; "Prisoners of War," A Soldier's Ac- 
count of German Prison Life. Two other volumes will follow 
in the early Autumn. 

"Rambles With the Sivitchcr." 

In this little book William Timothy Call dips deep into the 
ramifications of the "switcher" opening in a game of checkers. 
With all the enthusiastic ardor of a thorough checker player 
he elucidates to the tyro and the hard shell player the various 
devices and purpose invented by that famous player, James 

Wyllie, a giant in checkers in his day. No real checker player 
who would rather play the game than eat should miss reading 
this illuminating book on "The Switcher." 

Price 50 cents. Published by W. T. McCall, Brooklyn, New 

Tommy I — That's a top-hole pipe, Jerry. Where d'ye get it? 
Tommy II — One of them German Oolans tried to take me pris- 
oner, and I inherited it from him. — Vanity Fair. 




Since 1875 the Historic Hotel of San Francisco 

European Plan Only. Rates from $2 per day upward. 


The Most Superbly Situated Hotel in the World. 
Under Same Management. 


Club Room Luncheon for Men, 50 Cents. 

Tea and Music in the Lounge Every Afternoon. 

Dancing in the Rose Room Every Evening Except 

Turkish Baths---For Women, Eleventh Floor. 

For Men, Twelfth Floor. 
Indoor Golf on the Roof of the Annex. 
Kindergarten forthe Convenience of Women Shopping, 

and for Regular Instruction. 

The New 
Poodle Dog 

Hotel and Restaurant 

At Corner 

Polk and Post 


San Francisco 


Franklin 2960 

San Francisco's Leading 
French Restaurant 

French Dinner Every 
Evening, 75 Cents 
Sunday, Sl.OO 


362 Geary Street 

Above Hotel St. Francis 

Telephone Sutter 1572 


O'Farrell and Larkln 


No visitor should leave the city without see- 
ing the finest cafe in America 

J. B. Poo I. Berfei 

C. Mailhebuau 





415-421 Bush St., Saa Franciaco (Above Kearay) Exchange, Doutiia24M 

July 15, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


"They say that golf has been found to be a wonderful 

cure for insanity." "Really? But what do they use to cure 
the golf?" — New York World. 

Visitor — It's a terrible war, this, young man — a terrible 

war. Mike (badly wounded)— Tis that, sir — a terrible war. 
But 'tis better than no war at all. — Punch. 

Mining Stock Promoter — Where can I hide? The police 

are coming! Clerk — Get into the card index case. I defy any 
one to find anything in there. — Judge. 

"I'd rather play golf than eat." "But what does your 

wife say to that?" "Oh, she doesn't care. She'd rather play 
bridge than cook?" — Detroit Free Press. 

Badly Wounded Tommy (invalided home) — I never re- 
member such a quiet Bank Holiday, mum. Somehow nothin's 
brought the war home to me more. — Punch. 

Farmer Medders — What sort of a hand is that new 

hired man of yours, Lias? Farmer Stackrider — He ain't no 
hand at all, dad-beezle him; he's a sore a thumb!"- — Judge. 

One day little Flora was taken to have an aching tooth 

removed. That night, while she was saying her prayers, her 
mother was surprised to hear her say: "And forgive us our 
debts as we forgive our dentists." — Everybody's. 

Rural Constable — Sketching the harbor is forbidden, 

sir. Artist — Oh, that's all right. I'm making a study of clouds. 
Rural Constable (impressively) — Ah, but supposing your pic- 
ture got into the hands of the enemy's aircraft department; see 
the use they could make of it. — Punch. 

The motor car shot down the hill at the speed of an 

express train, and then overturned, pinning the driver beneath 
it. The village policeman approached pompously. "It's no use 
your hiding under there," he said sternly to the half-smothered 
driver. "You were exceeding the speed limit, and I must have 
your name and address." — Exchange. 

He — I love you. She — but I haven't a cent in the 

world. He — Excuse me, you didn't allow me to finish. I love 

you not She— So! I only wanted to try you. I have a 

fortune of $50,000. He — Yes; but you interrupted me again. I 
love you not for your money's sake. She — Well, I'm so glad, 
for that was only a joke abcut the $50.000. — Boston Transcript. 

General Sherman once stopped at a country home where 

a tin basin and roller-towel sufficed for the family's ablutions. 
For two mornings the small boy of the household watched in 
silence the visitor's toilet. When on the third day the tooth- 
brush, nail-file, whisk-broom, etc., had been duly used, he 
asked: "Say, mister, air you always that much trouble to your- 
self." — Christian Register. 

The London police-sergeant raised his eyes from the 

blotter as two policemen propelled the resisting victim before 
him. "A German spy, sir!" gasped the first bobby. "I'm an 
American, and can prove it," denied the victim. "That's what 
he says, but here's the evidence," interrupted the second bobby, 
triumphantly producing a bulky hotel-register from beneath 
his arm, and pointing to an entry. "V. Gates," written in a 
flowing hand, was the record that met the astonished sergeant's 
gaze. — Everybody's. 





{Boarding and Day School for Girls, 

College Preparatory, 
Grammar and Primary Departments 

Special Care Given to Younger Children. 





Located one mile fr San Rafael In the healthiest part of beautiful tfarln 

County. School fuily accredited. Highest rank accorded bj U. 9. War Dept 
HiRli morals and strict attention demanded, Special attention to Physical 
Culture and Athletics. Expert and experienced Instructors. Separatt 
tor each pupil. Juniors In separate building. SBOl Tear begins In August. 
Write for catalog. 



REX W. SHERER. President 

Hitchcock Military Academy 







Boarding and Day Pupils. "Accredited" by all accredit- 
ing institutions, both in California and in Eastern States. 


The Beringer Conservatory of Music 

926 Pierce Street, near McAllister 

Directors: Joseph Beringer (Concert Pianist) 
Mme. Jos. Beringer (Concert Contralto) 

Thorough education in Pianoforte Playing and Singing. 
Special departments for beginners, amateurs and 
professionals. Pupils prepared for the operatic and 
concert stage. Opportunities given to advanced piano 
and vocal students to join the well known Beringer 
Musical Club for public appearances. 









Life Classes 
Day and Night 







Sight Reading, Ear Training, Theory, 

Musical Form, Appreciation 




Mme. C. La FON 

First Clau Work at Reasonable Prices 

Laces and Lace Curtains a Specialty 

Club. Restaurant and Hotel Serrice 


Phone Park 4962 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 15, 1916 


There is no crisis involved in the coming Presidential elec- 
tion is the view of George Harvey, editor of The North Ameri- 
can Review. 

"Believe us," says Colonel Harvey, "guided by either Wilson 
or Hughes, the country is as safe as a clock." He continues as 
follows, writing in the current issue of the Review : 

"We enter upon a four months' campaign which promises 
well for the Republic. Neither of the two candidates is a 
superman; neither is as yet or likely to become a popular hero; 
but each unquestionably personifies the best that his party has 
to offer — more could not be expected. That, of course, is the 
vital and most gratifying fact, but in addition it should be 
noted that each as a candidate is positively the strongest that 
could have been named. It is as silly for the Democrats to in- 
sist that they wanted Hughes as it would be for the Republi- 
cans to say that they would not have preferred another — any 

other — to Wilson. Tc those temporarily benumbed supporters 
of the Administration who demanded the nomination of Roose- 
velt in order "to make an issue," which now, alas, cannot be 
raised between two candidates whose dissimilarities are only 
physical and facial, we remark blandly that if such be the case 
the only point to be determined is whether a majority of the 
voters are Democrats. But such is not the case. We doubt 
if there exist in America two men descended from the same 
stock, reared in like environments and educated by a substan- 
tially uniform process who bear slighter resemblance, one to 
the other, temperamentally, constitutionally or morally than 
Mr. Wilson and Mr. Hughes. Analysis of their distinguishing 
traits by way of contrast, which incidentally we shall adven- 
ture in due time, should prove at least interesting, and, unless 
we err in our surmise that the ultimate issue will be Character, 
perhaps important. — Col. Harvey in the North American Re- 

Here's proof of the value of being prepared 

We are for National preparedness. 

We have proved the value to any organ- 
ization, whether it be government or 
manufacturer, of being prepared for 
the unexpected. 

It has been an established rule of this 
institution to lay in our supplies of 
materials far in advance of their actual 

We've done this with the Saazer Hops 
which we use exclusively in Budweiser, 
Michelob, Muenchener and our new 
soft drink Bevo — always a two-year 
advance supply. Preparedness. 

During the summer of 1914, one of our 
officials, while on his annual hop buy- 
ing trip abroad selected and purchased 
775,000 lbs. (1550 bales) of the choicest 
Saazer Hops — and had them shipped to 
this country before the embargo was 
rigidly enforced in March, 1915 — pre- 
paredness. Add this to the large 
stock on hand, and you will see how 
secure preparedness has made our 

Our supply is sufficient to last at least 
until the closing days of 1918. 

Preparedness pays. 

Anheuser-Busch, 5t. Louis 

Tillmann & Bendel 
and Anheuser-Busch Agency 

" The Largest Fire Insurance Company in America " 
ELBRIDGE G. SNOW, President 


















Agents in Cities, Towns and Villages Throughout the United States 
and its Possessions, and in Canada 








j>H_eJs the personification of $p 
tfie quality and workmanship 
that goes into 


S T A G G A R D 


»eo. u-a. p*t o fuc c 


"See America First— but— See me before you Start" 

Republic Rubber Company g | 


295 Golden Gate Ave., San Francisco, Cal. Z KJ 

xuttiuiiiiiiittti iiikiiiii rii iiiiiiii iiuiffff ti ii iuiw ttitttti i ffiinii uatu c*& 


Sold by all Booksellers. X Summary of Events from the SOtli of October to the 5tu of November, lSjfl. Priee , fl M Cents. 

py Mr. John Butte h.tsban appoint dour Town Agent. His 
duly is to supply tin Cii riant. Book] Stores and public Offices, and 
to take the addrifsesofa tprrsons who harenot as yet hrm supplied 
rrgnl-vly with the." Loiter," Mr, Butte will abso ate that tite"tMXtC:t n 
is pasted on all the Bulletin Boards of the City, and report to usthr. 
dtfantt of any vendor of the "Letter," who fail* to supply the public 
OH application. A ca*c hat been made khawn of an enterprising 
■rtetes vendor, who had the "LeUeTs"-Jf0tOfd away under thecounter; 
bat on he van intoxicated, and has expressed lux unfeigned regret, 
in tirvisofdeep contrition, he I" sour free pardon Jorthis, hisfrst 
offence, and the promUe of. th> mention of 'his name to. his custotw- 
tr*. than Id be rtpeat it. 

Merchants and others, desirous Of having Copies of the " News 
tatter" left at 'heir store s, will please address their ordere to JVo. 104 
Aterchattt t'reet, 

137* Our Branch Office is at Messrs. TV. B. Cook 6e Co's Low 
B<auk D<pn', Montgomery Block. 

|^" Thirty advertisements arc nnavotdobif omitted. — JFc eon 
only insert those who pay cash in advance for their insertion. 

93^ The "News Letter" is forwarded to all the principal 
Banftittr-Hoiiscs'dnd Ncwsjwpcrs in the. Eastern States, London, 
and Pan's. ...... , 

rjff* Exclusive original local shiltslics, reliable facts, events of 
general interest, Veil authenticated, will be received at the office of 
the Publishers, J. H. STILL &. Co., JVo. 88 Kearny street, or. at 
JVo, 104 Merchant street 

lAJF* No notice can be taken of. anonymous Communications. 
Whatever is intended for insertion, must be authenticated by the 
Same and Address of the writer; vol necessarily for publication, 
but as aguarantee of hie or her good faith. 

t^* It nil I gratify our Adrertisingfrknds to know that one of 
ourbest Houses takes, every Mail Day, Fivtl lluximi ■.nl'oi'iK. of 
our "Now* Letter,*' and 'forwards them to N<w York, Panama l a?ta 
San Juan, to be placed in tltc hands of the Steamer paesengtrs 
proceeding to our city, so that parties arriving here may be cor- 
rectly posted as to our Philosophy of Streets, Stores, and the latest 
facts and statistics of what wc arc doing in San Francisco. 


Tbe steamers Golden Age and Sierra Nevada, last mail day, 
took from us eleven hundred passengers and £^035,000 of Coin 
and Dust — a smaller amount of Treasure than usual, hut tbe 
total of passengers were in excess, the less wealthy being 
templed by a great reduction of fare. The steerage rata 
wm fifty dollars— and in some cases a lessor mm— being all 
that wm asked to carry them to New York. Par beyond 
in value, however, to the treasures of oro which passed from onr 
shores, was an unusual number of the fair sex, who, In spltQ 
of our culrr:ulc3 aud regrets, appeared determined to join 
the "old folks at home," and have a slice «pff tho turkey's 

breast at tho next Xmas dinner.- Let us not omit to note 

an extraordinary Instance of steamship despatch in the pnn ei • 
btal alacrity of the agent of the Sierra Nevada, Mr. YV. It < lax- 
risoH, nho, within fifteen mlnntes after her arrival, on tho 
19th tilt , commenced thoroughly cleaning, piwurionlng and coal- 
ing, and she quitted lhb> port on tho 90th, just one boor and a 
half after tho Panama boat) and carrying off five hundred and 
fifty passengers, with a goodly share of treasure, and other 

freight Two persona, named Chester and Bprnguo, took 

an office, at the comer of Washington and Mouteoiuoi 
in September last, representing themscWe 10 be the qualified 
Agents of (he the " United States. Assurance Office,' 1 In Ken 
York. Their office was, bowci er, found to be vacated, Imme- 
diately after she sailing of tbe last steamor, and it is supposed 
that they both took thcit departure by 1h.1t opportunity, We 
were, ourselves, present on Saturday ia-t, at a meeting neW bj 
tin: holders of tbe bogus policies, Issued by these peo|no, w her* 
we saw a li<t i>f fifty tour person!*, who had paid, in the aggre- 
gate, some $4,nw premium, n was elicited In the course of the 
enquiry, thai thei bad paid aprokci In thii city, eight ftei 
rent, 611 tie- business he did for them— and that tin U 
tionofrisqiies taken, ^vere of such a character, whili 
miumspai I were so small, that no one con id. hj 
estimate the oin ns at nil fnlily commensurate with Ihe other. 
It, was stated that the power of atiorooi nmlcr which these 
people were (tciing, was without rcrlftcatlon, and that on their 
prescutlng it fur record, they wore told distinctly by the » lerk 
of the KeeonJU, thai " it was of do more worth than the paper 

on , which It wna written," A single kernel ol 

growlugiipon thp Yui.a, this season,! ' rixty-su 

sinlks. yielding within a fraction or 3»000 grains, Mr. 

Wheeler, of the i 

rig tree* grown from cuttings scl out lasi Ms 

laden with tVuit. One snare In the United Minnie, Company 

at Forest City, sold Inst week for $7,000. 1 

Young, Ihe head Saint at Salt Like, has now over flfty wive* 

The stiiges ruaulng from Sacramento i" Pfacervule bavo 

lately made tho distance, sixty mile. In six hour*. A mi- 
lter t cabin, above OrovHlo, was robbed latdj 
tch i •ntalning slxty^bur onni 

Mil c In. Tho Trinity Journal F.13 

in gohldutt, have been taken out lu thai county dnrli . 

year by about O.i'fO minora; making an average of acarty 

9l,OtAJ to tho man, A potato weighing eight r- 11 

raised it l< said. InShasla, The .- 

erecting a Ano bull ling for a seminary, in MarytriM) and «ro 

Isfsoareh of asUofbc another in Sacrasnenta A boras 

spchmotf vend laJShaata sjosmty, 

Alsop i l'.' , of 0*Uiomia BlXUet, offer for sale 

rcr. In task* from the ns*w salnot irr Qaadalana, 1 

Jose. Mi. T. W. David. .1 I ast t latt sleaoscr, 

igo w as $u,000 iu debt — but, as a miner, p 
ea hi* claim, and ha* lort "one r\t MotltQ Cllstu WOftk #W.0"U 
' - At tho election to be held on the fonrth of ib 
tber\* w .■; I an Important change In the QosMtlttrtion 

of the state, submitted u the vase of the gleetor* At the 
Pteswii of the Lesjtslatssni of VMS, the amendment was reft'rred 

to the Legislature of \&j\i. It now requires only the sanction 
of the people to become a part of the organic law of the State, 
and provides for a material chance in the section of the Constitu- 
tion, which prescribes the mode by which the entire Constitution 

itself may he raised. Some large apples from Oregon arc 

selling at our fruit stores at live dollars each. Our Super- 
visors cannot legally make any appropriations for (he purchase 
of glass ballot-boxes, to bo used a* the next election. The citi- 
zens must raise tho funds by subscription. One of our up- 
country papers remarks the weather is delightful — the theatre 
is crowded nightly, and universal cheerfulness reigns with a 

delicate wilt .' Italian and Chinese beggars Infest our city. 

Women with babies — little girls and boys, arc numbered 

amongst the offenders. A magnificent suspension-bridge 

cxtcuds over the Stanislaus river, affording admirable facilities 
near Knight's Ferry, for travellers from tbe upperportion of the 
country 10 Stockton. The bridge Is 248 feet in length, 14 feet 
In width, and forty feet in height ; space of arch'137 feet. Cost, 

(35,000. About one hundred tons of granite, from Granite 

Town, have arrived here lately, intended for the works at Fort 
Point, and improvements at the foot of Vallojo street — the 
Sacramento Railroad affording in the transportation nf material 

an immense facility. Tho new Minstrels* Hall, on Wash- 

Ingtou street, will bo 137 feet deep, 55 feet wide, and $0 feet 
high. There will be a dress circle andparqucttc, and an upper 

llcr of boxes or galleries. Mr. W. A. Lewis, of Marysville, 

having made the acquaintance of a stranger in that [.lace, re- 
cently, who had Invited him to drink a number of times, after 
which he decoyed him into the suburbs of the town, and there 
attempted to take his life by shooting him with a pistol Tbe 
ball struck him in the neck, Inflicting a severe but not fatal 

wound Married, at Victoria, Vancouver's Island, Sept. 30, 

by tbe Rev. E. Cridge, William Henry, son of Wm. Newton, 
Esq., to Emelinc Jean, dnugliter of Hon. John Tod, late of tho 

Hudson Bay Co. Our Hoard of Supervisors cannot find 

under Iho Consolidation Act, any power to pay for tilling the 
fire cisterns — Sl.SUiJie owing Captain Cowing; ho cannot get 
one cent, and has uo hope until the next Session of the LogiBla* 
lure. Mr. Hawes, when ho devised tho hill, by some accident 
omitted this very useful feature, Mr. Kent is the undis- 
puted Coroner, Sir. Labatt having abandoned further proceed 
Logs in the .supreme ( !ourt iCennovan. tho American pe- 
destrian, has completed his great but fruitless feat of walking 
one hundred and six consecutive hours, without sleeper rest, 
manifesting at the conclusion no very extraordinary Indication"- 

of dhlrots or fatigue. Ihe youug lady who advertised (ol 

a husband in our last, has iiooked a clrap with 990, 

only so, but when found, she made a note of Mm In the .-invi Cali- 
fornia of 2ist ult-i. Nothing like advertising 1 6oel 

"sugar is about being Introduced here, by the organization of a 
company with a large capital, for the culture of beet root, tbe 
manufacture of sugar, and [he (llstllllug of alcohol. The sugar 

at four or five cents per pound, and tbe alcohol at fori 

per Rnllon. Under favorable circumstance, an acre of land 

should yifld twenty tons of beets, Pof cattle feeding alone, 

heel POOt growing will pay ivcll here — A Chun ■ -e ilraill.ltie 

trou] f about thirt> actoi inn i- mns, etc have been per 

fornnngnt Ran Andreas, Calaveras county. Their reaoagrr 
btatcs that iho pli ' •" ,| » would occui y itu-'r 

, ■ii.iiiinu M 

in his report on < mij Finances soys, "during the 

year ending JoncSU, ','><<. w<* had a reform government <■) which 
1 upended u arlj a million mart -i the peonies' moncj . than the 
gUVfrnment which preceded It, and nearly tteo millions inrrr 

than ih" government by u hieh it was luocoeded I ' ' — (Jur «c- 

fuai saving by ihe Conwllda l m Act Is •M4?,4fl9" tjoito 

n nrfarc bas been waged (or tbi 

days, in regard to tho two nval queens of the drama, M 
bran Hayno. and Miss Mar) I'rovnsi Thej an 

led In Hi' Wfi aitinlre theui t > 

Miss Pi 1 — - — -Active niirsturefl are abon* 

Itlzens to ensure a free, lair, and 

■ " tl iiMiing .(.■1'iK'ti. It 

. on ibe fourth last. Instead I 

A delightful and nu 

■ irly one hiiiuln d \»\ 

i ii the 25th ull.. at lh. r- 

01 Daniel Qlbb, i'.>'i . one ol our oldest and mo 1 

D of the christening i^f hi» ll 
and heir. Tie ik place at Chrl 

waa perl ■ and concluded 

by an entertainment nover *t!rpa«"ed. from Bbertng 
to ibos it's whether In HHtefHl <\-\- 

1 .:r little /mirbMre w ill in-t per* 

dwell ii| 

babe, or eveu ru 

alltid'e m the km. I aiti atloiii Of the worthy h ■ 
di-|'en>ed nvln tduallj I 

table a huge rake, on the surface of which wa-s r 

lv matron in the act • f 1 
. * unt— thi« wa*(ink< 1 - 

*->» Valley, in Kl 

'. "xten-r\e. The 

! oilier. 

tho six weeks ending Sept. It, WBS, $11,656, which, nflerpaylng 
all expenses for same time, left the uctt sum of 98,740. This 
mill runs ten stamps, and reduces about eight tons in twenty- 

four hour*— the power USOdls water The NOW works at 

Grass Valley, In course of erection or finished, are to cost as fol- 
lows: — The Mount Hop,; a new and powerful pump, with six- 
teen Stamps, $35,1)00 to $35,1 ICO 5 the Albion Ranch pnnip, with 
Stamps, 20,00(1 to $35,000; ll'oodirorth \ Co., pump, with nino 
stamps, $12,000. The Sebtt'topol, steam pump, with stamp, 

Srj.niiil A gentleman, a resident of Bodega, a town some 

forty or fifty miles up the coast, the papulation of which amount 
to some hundred*, assured us that in the course of his residence 
of some twenty-three years in that placo, he bad not heard of more 
than one death, and that was of an Hid inn who was hanged! 
We ''.-in only remark that it exceeds the average calculations of 
(trrte Jmortnliiy, as shown by any statistic we have ever seen 
iu any part of the globe Waimight St Randall, the well- 
known auctioneers, »okl, a few days since, ten shares of onr 
San Frauelsco Gas Company, at . eighty-five cents, although th 9 
sleek Is well worth par, as may bo judged of by the followiug 
The cash costsof the works, pipes, Ac , of this Company, is about 

©700,000; the capital stock of the Company, £1,000,000; tllo di- 
vidends arc regularly one per ent. per month ; Ihe works, or 
capital stock, as erected, will supply 72,000,000 of cubic feet, 
ppr annum, and capable of extension, occupying the whole 
of a block ; ihe consumption of gas is, Including the city 
lamps, 26,000,000 feet perannUni, with fifteen miles of pipe laid, 
and 350 public lamps supplied. The debt due by the Ciry to the 

Company, exceeds $80,000, and a* the Comrnny can produce 
four times the amount of gas, without the additional outlay of 

one cent, no concern cau offer a belter or safer Investment 

In onr last LETTKB wo mentioned the fact, that on the suit of 
Page, Bacon ec Co., vs. Henry M. Noglee, the Superior Court 
found that the defendant had acted in violation of blfftimt, as 

Itcceivor. Our nttcniion bas since been called to the card of 
Mr Henry rTagloe, and the letters of McserA P. Billings and V. 
a Fabcus, published on ihe 27ih Sept last, in tl Globe, all 
tending to justify iho conduct of H Naglce. In his O'lmeeiion 
with the affairs of Page, Bacon & Co, which we .-1 ould glailly 
give our readers In extcnto, did our space admit, but *v« cau 
only afford room to refer all Inten-siod 10 the pages of that jour- 
nal. Graphite, or black leud. of extreme purity, has been 

recently discovered in California. It occeim in a quartozo 
and 1 lspar rock, disseminated in masses ofcrystallno and la- 
mellar form, and i* flexile Urgent appeals are made to 

capitalist*, -from vartona rlci II Irlcts, to indue* them to 

tnvi 1 hi ,/i', h tnAjtuming operations, to supply the miners « <th 
water, and to explore th< beds ol sin sins The latter plan of 

milting has, during thO rcccnl extremely dry season, in some 

Ittsianeec, paid splendidly. The tlun is approaching, when Hie 
main trunks of the rivers of California, uiil bo divided and snb 

dhidod, as are now their ROlirCOS — and WllCII the snhterranean 

whters will be made to flon on the turfaeo, to Increase the min- 
ora' golden harvest Thi ited to be derived fl 

*ale of water in MartpOKfl im 1 . llOUC, for milling purp 
; lillle short Of 910,01 11,00 per annum Tunm-I n#lning i-. Ill 

'"im' parts, alrraily succcwful, especially ai Monte Crisio, in 
I Sierra eonnty, tho most eletab I in the North 

Hen - tbi luORJ mint rs hs ■ ■■ W >»ki d one. two, ami 
) even threo year and *#veral nf tln,'tn. 
. who had ti>'beg en dit lor a sack of th.ui. lliree years ago. are 
nf>w \forth from t.-n 10 tlftj lh and dollar*. H 

t Snuhed « new machine for the msnn 
.. and pert ci\y 

' y,,||<l Th« I 

' and ha»a stamp 
f«r At Spt 

abova K 

. ■ ■ 

ibe it'.a- 
narkr-t '1 ! 

id Hehrewp in this Mate They 
gal. and 

. II a* to 

.1 f,.ity 
n Juan d. 1 Snr In fifty I 

at A riiMAnr 


■ ti-Usud [ jud.acd noMaxrante 

ih* moo-y is in the Treassiry." 

uoal adioe '. 



V* Pure Log Anp lc« Wine from (lie Vineyard 
of John Frohling &. Chas. Kohlcr.— The un- 
dersigned have bow on hand Ihc following dif- 
ferent kin-Is of Kative Wines, guaranteed to 
l.e-tho Pure Juice of the C.rnj"' : l :ilii"nu;t 
Port, California Angelica, California White 
Wine, California Red Wine. Sold al 81 50 w 
£3 per gallon, For the convenience "i pas- 
Bcngors per steamers, casOa of (1 and 12 bottles 
will bo supplied as samples for our friend* in 
tboEasL Orders from the Interior promptly 
attended lo CHAS. KOHLF.K, 

1-lf 1 11H Merchant sl„ near City Hal 


'* Blank Depot, Jlontgomcry Block, 
Branch Office for the "Califomla News 
Letter." 1 tf 

Cross,)— H. A. Cobb, sole Agent for Cali- 
fornia for Messrs Do Si Morccanx 4, Co , eT 
Holms, for the Ml j©( the above favorite brand, 
has jit -i received, ei " Eskllo ct Uoinc," sou 
Baskets. A constant supply will hereafter be 
kept on hand, and Invoices received per each 
arriv al from Prance. l«tf 

^ Estate, U be sold abonl tbe 10tb 9f Novem- 
ber, containing a full description of the Prop- 
< riv, are now ready for distribution. Apply lo 

Real Estate Auctioneers, os Merchant st 

•**- between Montgomery and Sansome, buy 
and sell Exchange, Gold Dnst, and Bullion. 
Drnw on : Duncan, Sherman Jt Co., New 
York; Baring Brothers &. Co., London, and 
nil the principal cities. They will aUo make 
alvauees on FJonr and California Products 
Consig ned to ihelr friends in New Yo rk. 1-if 
-"■ ranfe Company, of London— Established 
in ►809.— Capital, $*»,oun.ouu -The undersigned, 
having received permission to issue Policies 
ig detached frame buildings and ttielr 
furniture, are now prepared lo receive applica- 

ir the same. Brick Buildings *nd Mer- 

! in Hi. in or Meretmndlse stored 

afloat, insured against tire on the mutt modcr- 

ale term* Also, Life Insurance- for a period of 

, the whole term •>!" life. 

PALKNER, BKLLd Ca, A cents, 
1-lf 3S8 California street 


*■ ranee Company "t" Liverpool and London — 
Capital, SlO.OUO.UOd.— The undersigned, agents 
in California for the above named Company, 
pared lo Issue Policies insuring Brick 
Building*, or McrclftiudUe stored therein, 
Household Furniture, err , nml are authorized 

to settle all losses bore. The Company will 
ever distlnguldb Itself by "pr.mptncM in tfu 
settlement ej daunt." Parties d< siroiu t" effect 
Ju«oranee, nil! he furnished with all necessary 

Information by 

1-if California tf , corner of LeideVlorff. 


" opon Salomon H- in.-. i;.,| For sale in 
sums to suit, by II H. SCH WADE A CO., 

I if \'M Sansome street. 

•* J drawn on Dennlstown Bros. A. Col, Kcl> 
boume, and G A. Lloyd d: Co, Sydney, N. 8. 
W. For sale by DANIEL GIliB, flt CO., 
1 tf Corner of Front and Vall.-j.. sts. 

^ or of Deeds for all the States, etc. Office 
at the Law office of Williams, Shafter fft 
Park, San Francisco l-if 

* to this community, as it shows the compar- 
ative increase of business, ami ;d I confl< 

deuce in the Insurance offices opcratiug hero, 

Duties paid Government for Stamps in the 

following offices in Ihc years Increase 

1851. 1855. per cent. 

Royal £ln,134 .£25,037.... 55 

Llverp'l and London 15,081 . . 21,057 45 

Imperial 47,186... 47,951.... 1 3-4 

Monarch 11.755... 12,9156. ...JO 

Northern 6,031. .. 10,080 65 

And in Farming Stock, on, which no stamps 
are required, in 1853, the Premiums received 
were: Royal, £316*,s£9; Liverpool and Lon- 
don, £250,131; Imperial £894,762; Monarch, 
£70,322, Northern, £740,199. 

Agents Northern Assurance Co., 
l-ll California at , San Francisco. 


■*■* pool, Glasgow, and Valparaiso. Ft tale, 
!u sums *Q suit, by DAN L (iIBB Si CO., 
1-tf Come r oj I Jlejo sts. 


*-* Glasgow, payable In London if require!. 
For sale by CROSS A CO , 
1-tf Battery stroot. 


*-* BALston, Bankers, corner of Washing- 
ton and Battery streets. Sight ISxchangeon 

Eastern Si 1-tf 


*-^ Bankers, corner of Battery and Clay sts. 
Bight Exchange on Eastern States. i-tf 

orthernTssuran'ce compa^ 

Eatablisbcd In 16 H3 — tnc ■ 
by Act of rarliaraont — Capital. £1,25U 
Head Offices: Lobdo'd, Aberdeen, Belfast, Ed- 
inburgh, Glasgow. Dublin. The sale of Prc^ 
mlumn lu-the Fire Department, for the year 
ending January 31, 1050. amounted to £77,850 
19s 9J., which, after payment of ah loi 
expense^, and provisions for all out I 
claims, left to the credit of profll ami I 
balance of £13,298 I3>. 3d This coi 
only commenced it« useful Influence 
Fr.-inci^eofn August, 1855, and Un n lull ol lb 
operations are the best evidences ol 
mation it is held in bv the community. 
1-tf C mier California and Battery BU, 

/ COLLINS k CQ.. t 157 COMMEliclAL 

^ stre et, for Hats. Jtf 

■*■ street, for Carpets Mf 


A " ny*s Line to San Juau flul Sur, rannrclbig 

with tbe splendid new steamship TEXAS, for 

New York. — 700 miles shorter «han any other 
rtoutc !— Through ahead of the Mails!— Only 
12 miles Land Carriage — Macada mixed Roadl 
— Departure from Washington «l Wharf — 
The highly popular double engine steamship 
SIERRA NEVADA, 2000 tons burthen. J H. 

Blcthcn, CoinnutnMr, will leave Wa 
street Whatt with Independent Malli Paisi n- 
ccr^ and TrcasUTe, on MONDAY, Oct 
1856. at 12 o'clock H, punctually, noles^ tbo 
steamer Oxteaba sbonhl arrive I 
lur place, in which event Ihc latter 
bv despatched Through Tickets will bcfor> 
ii-he.t. Including transit of the I=thmu«. 

t«** Passcngeiis are ai no expense upon the 
Isthmus except for meals while crossing. 

Treasure for shipment rcceli cdat the Con 
pony's office until 9 o'clock a. m. daj of fil- 
ing. For freight or passage, ,-ij.i |v iJ 

C. K. GARRISON & I 0.. Agent, 

P. W. corner of Baiierv and Wasbhii 

l-'d Second Floor. 

*- son's Dove Battery, the onlv machine i ver 
perfecred for navigating the aii 
lion EVERY EVENING, at N. )3l Jacksou 
street, (opposite Burch's Hotel.) at which lime 
the Inventor will be happy to explain the name 
to the ladles and gentlemen of San FranclsOO. 
tJ^ Admi ssion. 50 cents 1-tf 

■" No. 121 Montgomery, struct, corner of Sacra- 
nicntn, PrnneUo. Iinporrera and Dealers 
In w,-i, I,.,. Diamontl Work, Jewelry, Silver 

Plated Wrfre, nnd Kaney fj U ChrouoniO' 

ior- and w alehes Deancdaad Repaired, by an 
r.\)..Ti, in . .i w in 

"'-'Porter, jw\ arrived per "ChatmeTs" from 
London, in b(o<s, rjuarts and pints. 
pertoT East India, aud other SUerrics, of former 

importation. For sale to -nit the trade. 

1-tf 1 Ik Sacramento street, 

^* nyand Commercial streets, for all kinds of 
da. ldf 

**■ noKof PtuCRsatthe RA<sdte House, cor 
nor of iiu*hand sansomo streets, Ban Francisco. 
of tnut deol * "ii I od to the 

same a* Regular Be 

The prices of Board and Lodging, either sin- 

rifl or double R tie In thla House, \\iil bo 

Iter 01 50, &-' 00, and $-1 OO per day, for 
tranaloni enstomen. Persons patronising this 
Bouse will And a good ami quiet homo. The 
Rasoettc House Coach will always be in attend- 
ance at the wharves, to convey passengers to 
and (ram Uld House for ONE DOLLAlt each; 
baggage free. 1 [f 

ractnrersof Qnanz Jewelry, importenof 
Watchoa, Jewelry and Diamonds. Mark the 
number. 136 Montgomery iirae* i-tf 

"The justly rdvbrawd QoArtz-Jewelry of 
McMn Barnit and Sherwood we bSTt 

and it i< unl 1 1 h.i-t.- and uui.jno " — >S/in Fran- 

ei*eo ffatg LtUir, Oc . 8& 

VEW SILKS.— 2,500 YARDS Dbbss 

*^ Silk-*, at IS71 cents per yard I'or *al,' by 
l-*f corner Kcarory 

i!l Stores, by HARRY A PATTEN. Whole- 

UlQ and Retail Dealers In Wine* sod Liquor*. 
No. 11C Montgomery street, San Francisco, ltf 


J -' southeast corner of Battery and Washing- 
ton streets, buy and eoll Exchange on all the 
principal ctilea j. ( f 


corner of Washington and Kearny streets 
fronting the Plaza. San^ranci^co 


__LIC,J57 Montgomery ftroCL l-|f 


'I AXES .'—You can Rave nearly ant -half 
bv purchasing your indebtedncfl* at lot Mer- 
chant street j.^ 


*- J sole agents for Peter Belghld r A Co of 
Xeres de la Fronterta, and receive rrgularsurv- 

phes of their celebrated Sherry in n land 


« 138 Cal ■ 

*■ • Dry Hoods, US Montgomery street ltf 

"We W.T.- particularly pleated wlttl ■ *|>l. n 

did aasortmcnl of mantillas, collars, embrold 
cries pterin the store of Messrs Anntin whlcb 
an- Indeed ■ufHcleally beautiful to lempl our 

fair lady f IcndslO pay them a visit. '11. 

la ly dike stylo prevallbig thronghoat, soomed 

tons in far bottor taste than ell ih Immense 

cheeks and stripCB which have lalel) b 
prevalent am .ngst our f^ir wlvoi and ulttors— 
chocks so large that it roqolros(ai punrt, would 
say, " thraO la Jles lo show the pattern," — H F 
r n- 20, 

*• AOSXCT.— The nndersignod offeel 

r»r the Liverpool a. id London Piuh 

IM0RA5CB COMCAW, upjn Building*, S',„k-i 

and Furniture— a id for the Atlantic, Pacific 
OiUfiXT, and Mkrcaktilk [nsnranoc Compe 
m>.-, ap Mi VcsecU, Cargoei and Frelghti 
10C Montgomei 

*J Boot and bhoe Bmporwm, No. |f 
Btrcci, S F. JoHt received, per "Golden Age** 
a choice lot of their very superior Qui! rti- 
Boors, fbi the rainy season All de* 
and a choice lot of Ladies' Gallon on hand 


v name of JOHN J. REMNIE, of very as- 
samuig manners, abonl tin ffct ht?h. dresses 

•-■li. who has beeri doing an Auct'on business 
In this city the la«l six mouths, having abscond- 
ed on the last steamer, either to How York or 
New Orleans, taking funds belonging to his 
Kignors, parties are hereby cautioned against 
trusting him. h^ having proved himself a nei'n- 
Ban Francisco, October 6. 1856. lit 

Phibsophy of our Street! and Stores. 
" Wlieo fonnl, make a note of ft." 
Wo have, since the departure of the last 
Mall Steamer, been enabled to make the pe- 
dcatrlah tour Which W« talked of In our la-t. 
Leaving our bfflce, No. 104 Merchant street, on 
one of Bm Pronclaeo'S brightest of bright 
morning-, we rninmcnoed onr rcascarehei at 
No. 102. and fou id thai our musical friend. Mr. 
Kohler, ha 1 "hung op tbe rl Idle and the bow," 
snd wa« bnsDy engaged lo packing up case 

nter cue, of ids excellent and now popular 
California Wise. Wo like t" encourage native 
Industry, so wo kindly patronlsod him, by tak- 
ing a pint botUe of *' Angelica " at his own ex- 

ponao. Wo proceeded down Merchant street, 

audtlmppedln at Walnwright. Randall & Co*s. 
It was the day of the flowersale, and the auc- 

tloi r's room HppearM like a garden trans. 

planted from the •* Arabian Nights," at a mo- 
Wo had only Ave bit? in our 
pocket, which we Immediately Invested in a 
gerarilum. of * now variety, which, by fbc way. 
ha* since died, and is b-irhd in our garden. On 
resulting Montgomery street, We pauSCdtO ri- 
tlf-ci over the indomitable, energy and persever- 
ance of the American people, who, with no 

other tooli thai pondEmvoe, have completely 

whittled through two lamp-posts, one telegraph 
post, a id a sign-board, we wondered, also, 
whjit .conld possibly bo llm occupation of the 
p opH Who arc always standing ai that corner; 
perhani they ar.* only loafers, we volnntarlly 
nuiarkvrl, or perhaps politlclarift — quirn tiabe-. 
Baantering along, (n a very happy mood — '.he 
beauty of the day, and the number of fa'rl i ii 
whom It tempted to walk OUL, the m>dropolitnu 
appeorauce of tbe street, alt conlributed to t-all 
up reflection, and we involuntarily reverted to 
the Kan Francisco of 18til. when a la-ly wa« a 
rarity, a wonder, a «>meihtug to call out all the 
busy populalion to stare at with open mouths— 

when a lady '* luvoloe of straw bonnets conld 
find no purchaser, and was. at last, bid off at 
auction t'j a teamster, to feed mules on — when 
tbe sea wswlied ovof the sit<.r now occupied by 

Montgomery Block — when the hardy Atnericart 
miner pitched Us tent, without let or hindrance, 
in the midst of what is now a magnificent 
street— when ships cast anchor on Clat 
and when Barry & Patten Were unknown— 
whom now, " noi to know, argnes thyself on- 
known' 1 — and wo thought of this handsome firm 

"f handsome partners, and bow well the late 
rains ami their arrival of "Dunbar's Alt- aud 
Porter " has happily com.' together, lo quench 
and refn-sh our parched throats." We forget 

whether the OhOVC is a nnotallon from .Slinks- 
ptarc or from Harper. If it is from Harper It 
may t-litl be from 8Iiak>peare. for Harper al- 
ways steals, without acknowledgement, par. 
ticulariy from Punch. We have, indeed, a 
great many things to talk of, but as we only 
allow ourselves "onopoor-eeni't worth" of Phi- 
losophy, we are) obliged to close before we have 
well begun, and shall wind op by doing an net 
of charity to the passengers arriving by the 
steamers, In recommending them to take up 
their abodes at the Tteasetu Route, where Ihey 

■will, find accommodations adapted 10 every 

style, whether of cloganl or" expensive taste, or 

modest and una njy. The pro- 

prietors attend personally to their ■-tabllsb- 
ment, which is the surest guarantee that it is 
well attended to. The bi rj* large 

and lofty. Visitors with a slender pui 
bo Accommodated with bed rooms in certain 
portions of the Hotel, at extremely low rat^s, 
whilst thi-y enjoy all the privllegesof the com- 
fortable and elegantly furnished parlors, ThO 
dlningsaloons are flUcd up both wltl 

and wlib commodioui private table ■ for 

faruilii-i, ■ .nnenilaut 

1 toecfthe Fly in i.' Machine on 'a kson 
street, and wcrcstrack with the similarity ofthe 
principle, which corresponds with the machine 
patented by Mr. William Henson. In London, 
abimt eicht yenn ihice, creating at that time a 
great sensation. The arrangement ofthe detail 

is different, but similar In object, although 
ap pear any borrowing of ideas 
from one to the other. The action of the toil of 
tbe ridi nnd the Mrd's wing, is that of a screw, 
and adds to the propnlslon of the body, by R* 
vigor nud rapidity. The dove ban- i 
-Mr. Richardson coofUti of two rigid plasef, 
(placed on'- over ti»e other, about four feet 
apart.) of glazed calico, with six uetts of ex- 
tended gull's irfnga plaeed In front and behind 
the planet, and these wings ore acted ou nimul- 
tanoonsly by cranks and levers, so as to pro- 
duce the angle necessary for ascent or descent, 
striking the «ir at the' same moment at the, 
pleasure of the navigator, whoso seal is iu thy 
centre of the machine. The principle Is the 
only one which can or will succeed, although 
we opine thai a cylinder containing ge 
posed of silk or cotton, will materially tend tt 
counteract gravitation. BuOtild a small steam- 
engine be found light and powerful enough, 
no further perfection of the machine Ih neces- 
sary. By running down an Incline'! puna, and 
holding a kite, you may be lifted off your feel ; 
so in this machine, the pressure on the air, with 
iiy obtained, U the sustaining power. 
What is required faQ the rigid expanse of the 
bird's wing, is a couple ofllgbtly framed arcbl- 
median screws tixed at the back, of the planes, 
or extended wingF, and these screws, driven by 
a small engine, of one man or halt borse-power: 
the starting of the ma:hlno brdng flrsl obtained 
by the velocity of an inclined plane, and then 
urged forward by the screws. Mr Richardtou 
intends in about three week-, having a private 
flight in the neighborhood of the North Beach, 

and we think lie will be enabled !■. fly, Yei, 
hU bird shaped machine cannot b 
be f.ill-df Jged at starling. As the principle of 
Ibis invention Is the true one, we shall be glad 
t'.- find Mr. Richardson's visitors are so nun,,-, 
■ill enable blm proper! v to elaborate 
at tbe machine so novel, an luveiili m possessing 
really the only com cl principle l,y which 

navigation can be accomplished A morning 

or two since, as tbe dawn wai opening the g*t«M 
of the eastern sky, we nc fl got of 

those wise bird-, whose appearance, ua&or 
such euxnmstanee I to fudlcatc the 

noar approach of winter, we were bastanOyre- 
mindedof tb^ critical c indlthmoJ 
with. in', losing time "lookInground, n we m< '-red 
direct to hi Clay street, between Kearny and 
(band our old Mends, 
Letter A Glbbs, the Pioneers of Shoe !.<■ 
Quickly encasing oar neither extremities In a 
pair of their quUtcd bMt*, whlcb are a-- repng* 
nam to the absorption of water at the stoma'-h 
of a Dntchman, we fell our con cl 
erably relieved, with thenunranee that even if 
the flood-gatct of the sky opened upon us, our 
to would abide at dry as a lime burner*! W.g. 

In leather, Ihc best Is the cheapest, nuA this 
House Imports nothing but tln-b'sl Of every 
sort, well put together, and fitting like a gl >ve. 

At the lasl Hebrew H nevolanl Ball ll waa ro- 
markahie to hear «o mmy persons eielaimlng, 
"what a pleasure to be Otted by Lester a: 
Glbbs I™— [To be contlnaed every mslL— Save- 
Pbilosophlcal transactions un avoid ably oi 

DOR SA Lfe.— A » ( .i T El > F II AX 1 > 
*■ duly acknowledged by the Execut<n of J, 

: llSoft with Legi I 
est for !8moa. Apply at lut Merchant it, 

I — I 

Vol. XCII 


San Francisco, Cal., July 20, 1916 

•I'ISKH is printed and published every Saturday by th ' 
.•rick Marriott, 21 Sutter street, San Francisco, Cai. 
Filtered iii San Francisco, Cal., Pnst-offlce as second-class mail matter 

London I nil — G 'ge Street & Co., 30 Cornhill, E. C, England. 

•DUMA ADVER- Mailer intended for publication in tin. current number of tin- SAN 

iel. Kearny 351)4. lie sent to the office net later than 5 p. in. Wednesday. 

Subscription Rates (including postage)— 1 year, $4. (in; n months S2 25 
Foreign— 1 year. $6.00: ii months, $3.26. ' 

FREDERICK MARRIOTT. St., Founder San Francisco News Letter. July 20th, 1856 

V •':'■ '' 

jiar = ^g!!g0gg ^^B ^B^ == ^»BPBBr 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Site of San Francisco in 1 83 1 

)ILLIAM H. DAVIS, who visited 
the California coast, 1831, in 
the trading bark Louisa, one 
of the many Boston vessels 
that combed the trading spots 
of the Pacific, under the guid- 
ance of inquisitive and ven- 
turesome Yankee skippers, 
gives a lively account of the life, barter and prim- 
itive surroundings of the Missions, posts, ranchos 
and life of that period. Mexican rule, of course, 
prevailed. The comparatively few foreigners 
were fairly treated, and numbers of them accumu- 
lated big ranchos and fortunes. Davis did so 
well on the trip, and was so delighted with his 
adventure in this strange land, that he returned 
two years later in the trading bark Volunteer. 
These Yankee traders scraped up all the com- 
modities in sight and touched at San Diego, Los 
Angeles, Santa Barbara, Monterey, San Fran- 
cisco and other coast ports. 

According to Davis on his trip to San Fran- 
cisco in 1833 : "We anchored in a cove known 
as Yerba Buena. Telegraph Hill was then called 
Loma Alta. At that time there were some half 
dozen barks from Atlantic ports trading along 
the California coast, Alaska and the Hawaiian 
Islands. All that time, Captain M. G. Vallejo, 
later Genera! Vallejo, was in command of the 
Presidio. The population of the post was about 
two hundred and fifty men. women and children. 
The soldiers were Spanish, and all daring vaque- 
ros. At that time Captain Vallejo had recently 
married Donna Francisca Benecia Carrillo. Fort 
Point was then garrisoned and known as Punta 
de Castillo, or Castle Point. A small number of 
foreigners were living near the post. Among 
them Captain W. A. Richardson, who owned the 
Sausalito ranch, and who was married to the 
daughter of the late Captain Ygnacio Martinez, 
who had been in charge of the Presidio post pre- 
ceding Captain Vallejo. John Read of Ireland, 
owner of the Read ranch adjoining the Sausalito 
ranch. Tim Murphy and James Black, the latter 
of Scotland. Otters were then numerous in the 
bay and their skins plentiful. Murphy hunted 
them and sold their pelts to the Boston traders for 
from $40 to $60 each. Richardson commanded a 
vessel and traded along the coast as far south as 
Valparaiso. Trade at that time was practically 
all barter, tallow and hides, sea otter and beaver 
skins being the currency. The latter animals were 
plentiful along the Sacramento and San Joaquin 

In 1835, the Mission Dolores, now on Sixteenth 
street, San Francisco, was then located about a 
mile from the site of the town of Yerba Buena. 
In August the population was estimated at two 
thousand Indians, many of them having been 
taught trades as blacksmiths, shipwrights, car- 
penters, tailors, etc. The Mission then owned tens 
of thousands of cattle, sheep, horses. Its posses- 
sions included most of San Mateo County." 

Davis records that during the stay of their 
bark in the bay of some twenty-five days, the 
value of their trading in merchandise amounted 
to $18,000, with Padre Quijas in charge of the 
Mission. Most of it was in coffee, tea, sugar, 
clothing and blankets. Big trades were also made 
with the Missions at San Jose, Santa Clara and 
with the big ranchos 

At that time, 1835, there was not an inhabitant 
on the land on what is now regarded as San 
Francisco, outside of the Presidio, and Mission. 
On Portsmouth Square, the present plaza at 
Kearny and Washington streets, a crop of Irish 
potatoes was growing surrounded by an enclosed 
brush fence. 

60th Anniversary Numher, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

San Francisco Christened A Year Before the Gold Rush 

Litlio by Bosqui Engraving Co. 
Prom a photograph of the original drawing by Capt. W. F. Swasey, in the Pioneer Section. Golden Gate Park Museum. 


We, the undersigned, hereby certify that this picture is a faithful and accurate representation of Ban Francisco .is it really appeared M irch, 1847. 

J. D. STEVENSON. Commanding 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers in the War with Mexico. 
GEORGE HYDE, First Alcalde District of San Francisco. 1846-7. 

A— U. S. S. "Portsmouth." B— U. S. Transport Ships "Leo," "Choo," "Susan Drew" and "Thomas H. Perkins." They brought the 1st Regiment 
New York Vohinleeis, Col. .1. I), Stevenson. Commanding. C— Ship "Vandalia," merchantman CO . Melius. D— Coasting 

schooner. E — Launch "Luce," belonging to James Lick. 

1. Custom House. 2. Calaboose. 3. School house. 4. Alcalde Office. .1. City Hot.!, owned bj Wm. A. Leldesdorff. <i. Portsmouth Hotel 7. Wm. 
H. Davis' Store, s Howard & Melius Store; the old Hudson Bay Co. Building. 9, W. A. Leidesdorfl 10. Samuel Brannan's 

dcnce. 11. YV. A. Leidcsriorff. 12. First residence of the Russ family. 13. .fohn Sullivan's residence, it. Peter T. Sherlock residence. 16. Juan c. 
Davis residence. 16. G. Reynolds residence. 17. A. J. Ellis Boarding House. IS. Fiteh & M. Kurlej Bull llnj tS Capt, VlOget's ' .Inn. 

Fuller's residence. 21. John Noe'S residence. 22. John Pidila's residence. 23. A. A. An. hews' residence. -'I Capt Antonio Ol denee. 

25. Francisco Cacerez's residence. 26 Capl I Mider's residence. 27, General G. Valleio Building us C. L. Ross Building. 89. Mill. 80. Captain 
John Patty adobe building. 31. Dr. 10 P. Jones' residence. 32. Robert Ridley's residenc. 18. Los 1 le la Choco. 34. Lone M Sill's 

Blacksmith Shop. 

* Trail to Presidio. 

• Trail to Mission Dolores. 

Up to January, 1847, the little village oi shacks and oi asional buildings between to ami Washington streets and from Stockton street 

to the bay shore, which then washed the present Montgomi rj street, was known us Yerba Buena. There was a lively contest between two rival 
factions on the bay shores it that time it. capture the name St, ] I Ive towns, J Benlcla. The latter place was 

then being backed bj a number of strong capitalists led by Mariano Vallejo and Thomas i >. Larkin. They were determined to make Benieia the 
capital of the territory. Washington Bartlett, the Brst American alcaide, made a successful Dank movement, and succeeded In capturing the name 

San Francis and Issued Hi- iii-i official am nceme I th change of name. During 1847, six bark-rlggeq' trading v. ssela entered the bay. The 

population then totaled 159 souls. The exports for that year were valued at $40,597 and the Imports $5:V 

)N 1835, Captain W. A. Richardson was ap- 
pointed the first harbor master of the Span- 
ish holding called Yerba Buena (changed 
later to San Francisco). The same year he 
erected the first dwelling. It was a large 
piece of canvas stretched on four redwood 
posts, and covered by an old ship sail. 
Richardson had charge of several schooners 
belonging to the local Mission, and one belonging to the Santa 
Clara Mission. 

Three years later, in May, 1836, another famous pioneer ar- 
lived, Jacob Leese. On landing in the Yerba Buena cove by sea 
he announced that he would establish a mercantile business. 
His pardners, who handled a branch at Monterey, were Nathan 
Spear and W. S. Hinkley. The Spanish Governor at Monterey 
instructed the alcalde at Yerba Buena to grant Mr. Leese an 
allotment of land within the government reservation. Accord- 

ing, Leese took possession of a 100 vara lot on the south side of 
Richardson's tent, at the corner of Clay and Dupont street, 250 
yards from the beach, which was then washed by the waters of 
the bay, which came close to the present Montgomery street. 
The building was finished July 4th, 1836, and an enthusiastic 
celebration was held. Many Spanish dignitaries and their fami- 
lies attended the feast. The tent and the house erected by 
Richardson and Leese formed the nucleus of the present city of 
San Francisco. Leese married a daughter of General Vallejo, 
and on April 15, 1838, Rosalie Leese was joyfully welcomed the 
first child born in Yerba Buena. The same year Leese erected 
a much larger frame building and began to branch out in real 
estate. Richardson constructed an adobe building to keep up 
with the times. In 1840, Leese sold his properties to the Hud- 
son Bay Company, and removed to Sonoma. Later he went 
to Oregon, then just opening up. In 1844 there were about a 
dozen houses and fifty residents in the town. 

San Fiancisco News Lettei 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

San Francisco at the Time the Great Gold Rush Began 

From ;i by .1. C. Wood. Reproduced by kirn] perraisal t Phil B. Bekeart 

SAN FRANCISCO. NOVEMBER. 1848. Ten months after Marshall's discovery of gold at Sutter's Fort. In that Interim the rush to the s 

fields in the foothills of the Sierras had drained every resident from the thinly populated towns and ranches thai had been reached by the slow 

process of carrying news on horseback In those days. The n port 01 the discovery of gold t""k several w ks to reach Monterey from San Fran 

Cisco. The little town of San Francisco tSlO population) Inst ;.n its residents thai could possibly gel away, and its growth was sel back (ill the 

first vessels fr Eastern and foreign ports arrived with the adventurers, who had at last heard ■>( the rich gold discoveries. The roui iressels 

lying in the harbor indicate thai thej were local coast trading craft, and likely used during tins period foi carrying supplies and gold seekers up 
the river to Sacramento. Lithographed l.y Sarony and Major, New York 

ARLY in 1848, the city council made strong 
efforts to check the rising tide of gambling, 
a vice then sweeping the city. An ordinance 
was passed to seize all moneys found on 
gambling tables. The people were against 
the law, and later it was withdrawn. That 
withdrawal paved the way for the reckless 
gambling that flooded the town when the 
first of the hilarious gold seekers reached the city a few months 
later. In this period, 1848, sales became more numerous in dis- 
posing publicly of the town's real estate. Some great bargains 
were then picked up which became the nucleus of large per- 
sonal estates. Many lots were sold at from $16 to $50 each. 

In '48, the school census showed a population of 575 males, 
177 females and 60 children, a population of 812. The build- 
ings numbered 200. There were two hotels, boarding houses, 
saloons and ten-pin alleys. Twelve mercantile houses were 
established, two more wharves were in course of construction, 
the townspeople were hopeful, and the prospects of the city 
good. April 3, 1848, the first public school was opened. 

As spring advanced, the story of gold findings at Sutter 
Creek began to spread widely. Very quickly the excitement 
leaped to fever heat. Gold became the irresistible magnet and 
nothing could check the insistent rush. Laborers, clerks, wait- 
ers, servants, all disappeared as if by magic, and melted into 
the stream of feverish beings headed for the slopes of the 

In the month of May more than 150 people left San Fran- 
cisco, and the days added to the departures. May 29th, "The 
Californian" announced it could not issue papers "until further 
notice" because its employees had all quit. Other papers were 
quickly closed down for the same reason. On July 15th, "The 
Californian" managed to get out a slip of paper announcing 
"The Whole World at War," alluding to the Revolution in 
France. The Governor of the State issued a proclamation call- 
ing on the people to assist the authorities in apprehending de- 
'.z e - r :o~-> the zzt? t~. ' r.r.ry -,-;ho had IcircJ the ^old ru"'i. 

September 9, 1848, was an eventful month to the little com- 
munity. Gold dust was the only currency, and a big meeting 
was called to establish its value. Everybody in town attended. 
The ratio was fixed at $16 to the ounce, and payable on all 
contracts at that rate. Congress was petitioned to establish a 
branch mint. Another very important event was the arrival of 
the brig Belfast from New York. She discharged the first real 
cargo of merchandise at Broadway wharf. The price of goods 
in the town instantly dropped 25 per cent, and the values in 
real estate jumped from 50 to 100 per cent. The day previous 
a lot at Washington and Montgomery streets was offered at 
$5,000, with no takers. The day after the arrival of the Bel- 
fast the same lot sold for $10,000. 

In December, 1848, the commercial markets were fluctuating 
wildly. December 1st, flour was $27 per bbl.; beef, $20 per 
bbl.; pork, $60; butter, 90 cents per pound, and cheese 70 
cents. Two weeks later, flour sold at $12 to $15 per bbl.; while 
other articles had fallen proportionately. Brandy was $18 per 
gallon, and gold dust fell to $10.50 per ounce. 

The public schools were ordered closed because of the rush 
to the gold fields. Rates of tuition were set at $8 per term. 
The value of imported goods for the year was $1,000,000. Coin 
came in to the same amount. Gold dust valued at $2,000,000 
was exported during the year. A few years later that value in 
gold dust was exported semi-monthly. 

All classes gambled in those days. Everybody made money, 
and apparently everybody was becoming a Croesus or had the 
chance. Feverish hope was in the air whether fortunes were 
lost or won upon the green cloth. Few thought of their occu- 
pation or considered the future. The saloons were crowded 
night and day by impatient revelers, who were unable to satiate 
themselves, so mad were they with excitement. After the £ir<=t 
wild rush the cooler-headed began to analyze the situation, and 
thereafter there was a more intelligent handling of conditions 
and prospects. But in '49 it was a wild revel, with showers of 
gold on every side, and the young community had not yet 
;-!-:! it-elf. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 

Sutter's Fort and the Mill Where Marshall Discovered Gold 

Com tess of Phil B. Bekeart. 

SUTTER'S MILL in the south fork 
the sluice race, January 24, 1848. 

ii' the American River, Placerville, California, where gold wa 

iv :i painting by Arthur Nahl, 

st discovered in James W, Marshall in 

MIM MARSHALL'S discovery of grains and nuggets of 
gold in the South Fork of the American River at Sut- 
ter's Mill, January 24, 1848, started the great rush of 
argonauts to California, and the population grew by leaps for 
several years. But gold placers of richness had been discov- 
ered near the Mission of San Fernando in Southern California 
in 1843. In fact, these placers had been known to earlier resi- 
dents. Over $100,000 in gold with crude appliances was taken 
out within two years, and a large part of it was shipped to the 
Philadelphia Mint for coining. These placers created practi- 
cally no attention at the time. The country was under Mexican 
regime; the natives regarded the discovery with shrugs of their 
shoulders; communication with outsiders was scant, and noth- 
ing in the semblance of a newspaper flourished. 

Marshall and Sutter tried their best to keep the discovery of 
geld quiet till the construction of Sutter's mill was completed, 
well knowing that the workmen would desert their jobs and turn 
lo digging gold. The news leaked out, and the stampede began. 
By the following August there were 4,000 men washing gold 
along the American River. At least one-third of this number 
were Indians. Among them all they were washing out about 
$50,000 per day in gold dust. 

When tidings of this discovery reached San Francisco, in- 
tense excitement prevailed, and this blazed almost into a mania 
when the first lucky miners reached the city, and lavishly scat- 
tered their rich findings among the stores, saloons and the many 
gambling places of the little town. The newspapers blazoned 
the exciting news throughout the State and abroad, and out- 
going vessels disseminated the tidings at every opportunity. 
Every resident on the peninsula that could get away hurried 
ic the mines, and the most famous gold rush in the history of 
the world began. 

MN THE LAST half of '49, immigrants arrived at the rate 
of or.e thousand a week by sea alone. In this period 
large numbers came from South America, the islands 
of the Pacific and Australia. Late in the year droves 
came from the Eastern States by way of Cape Horn. During 
the year, 40,000 arrived in San Francisco, aside from the de- 
sertions from vessels. Three-quarters of them headed for the 
mines. The population of the city, at that time, was about 25,- 
000, with comparatively few women. There was no such place 
as a home, as now understood, and very few habitable houses. 
Frame buildings for business and dwelling were the best. 
Shacks and tents were common. Only the great gambling 
houses, hotels, restaurants and a few public buildings had any 
pretention to size and comfort. The streets were uneven, and 
covered with numberless sand hills. In winter the mud was 
knee-deep in the streets, except the few that were planked. 
Citizens used lanterns at night. Everybody was busy. Heaps 
of goods disappeared as if by magic, off to the mines, and 
other shipments appeared in their stead. In the gambling dens 
bets were made as high as $20,000 on the turning of a card. The 
ordinary stakes were 50 cents to $5. A half dollar was about 
the lowest coin in circulation. A copper, dime or five cent piece 
was a curiosity. For any small service nothing lower than 50 
:ents was given. The entrance to the pit in the circus was $3. 
Plain board was $30 a week. A hearty meal cost from $2 to $5, 
according to quality of viands. Wheat flour was $40 a bbl. ; po- 
tatoes and brown sugar, 37' •* cents per pound; a small loaf of 
bread, 50 cents. Coarse boots were $30 to $40 per pair; supe- 
rior boots were $100. Laborers received $1 per hour, and 
skilled mechanics from $12 to $20 per day. The carpenters 
struck because they were getting only $12 per day, and de- 
manded $16. 

San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Vessels from All Quarters Filled the Bay Front in 1850 

Wharf for Panama steamers 
extension of Com- 
mercial street. 

Clarke's Point. 

Apollo Warehouse 

Portsi Squari 

ic. the right. 

VIEW OF SAN FRANCISCO, 1850. Taken from Telegraph Hill in April. i>y William B. MeMurtrle, Draughtsman, of the U. S. Surveying Ex- 
pedition, Photographed from the original In Golden Gate Park Museum with the permission of u. P. Schwerin. owner. 

ra ARLY in the last century, Boston vessels began to visit 
In the Spanish towns and Missions along the upper and 
lower California coast. They came first to barter for 
both otter and beaver pelts; later for tallow, hides, and 
materials used by the natives and settlers. In the '20's Ameri- 
can trappers and hunters began to percolate into the State from 
the East. These early pioneers of the West were sometimes 
harshly treated by the earlier Spanish governors, later they 
were welcomed; but they had to show passports and submit to 
surveillance. Later the new arrivals frequently married the 
daughters of wealthy Mexican ranchers, and took up large land 
grants. Very few of these huge holdings are now in existence. 
The site of San Francisco at that time was on the rim of 
the trading world. 

mHE FIRST brick building in San Francisco was erected 
in September, 1849, by William Heath Davis, on the 
northwest corner of Montgomery and California streets. 
While the building was being erected, enterprising citizens 
of Benicia, a rival metropolis at that time, made a proposition 
to transport all the bricks and material to Benicia and erect the 
building there gratis. A fine site was also thrown in free of 
cost. Davis declined, but the bitter rivalry between San Fran- 
cisco and Benicia continued warm, and peppered with increas- 
ing jealousy. 

The brick building was later leased to the U. S. Government 
for a Customs House, June, 1850. The rental was to be $3,000 
a month. The structure was destroyed in the big fire of 1857. 
Davis lost an enormous income per year. 



i 'anama 








I'ortsn h 


W. & X. Iianiiait, Litho, San Francisco, 1851. Photo from the original print, courtesy of R. P. Schwerln, Owner. 

VIEW OF SAN FRANCISCO AND HARBOR, 1851. From a viewpoint on the lower slopes of Telegraph Hill. In 1351 the western line of the 
city was just reaching Mason street, near Jackson street. Beyond were sandhills covered with brush, reaching westward to the Presidio Ph< 

only road in that direction started from the head of the present Pacific street, which ended at Mason street, and wound Its way lln gh thi sand 

dunes to the Presidio and ocean shore, Numbers of the vessels In the foreground were deserted by the sailors to join the gold rush, the original 
of this picture was drawn on shore by w. Boosey from a sketch by Captain Colllnson, R. E„ and published in London. Gng Not 20, L651, bj 
Achermann & Company, the Strand. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 























San Francisco News Letter 

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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

When Ship News was First Telegraphed from Pt Lobos 

bird'S-eye view OF San Francisco from rincon point. 1854. Delineated by F. X Otla, M. i'. In the IJ S M Steamship Comp 

Service. Copyrighted 1855 by P. X- Otis, M I >. Lithographed by C. Parsons, New fork. Printed by ISndlcott ,v Company, New York. Tl i- 

ginal is in the Pioneei Section, Memorial Museum, Golden Gate Park, S:lh Francisco Reproduced by kind peri i;. P, Schwerln, owner. 

HERE WERE stirring adventures and "bad 
men" in those pioneer times, as the records 
of robberies of Wells Fargo stages, then the 
only carriers of passengers to the mining 
camps and villages dotting the Pacific Coast, 

John Brent, one of Wells Fargo 6k Com- 
pany's most courageous shotgun guards, had 
been transferred from the Montana road to the Tombstone, 
Ariz., road to protect the shipments of bullion and treasure be- 
ing carried from Tombstone to the Southern Pacific rail con- 
nection at Benson. A short time after he had been on this run 
he saw two men who had lately come 1o the town and whom he 
had seen and known in Montana as hard characters. Brent 
noted that they seemed to be hatching some scheme which 
meant mischief to Wells Fargo. 

One night, just before the stage drove up to the express office 
to take on the treasure which Brent was to guard on the run to 
Benson, he saw these two men step at the door of a saloon next 
to the office, take in the situation, and then enter the saloon. 
Brent followed them in and up to the bar, where they were tak- 
ing a drink. He stepped in between them and said : 

"If you men have any relatives or unsettled business, you 
had better get it all settled before you go out to-night on the 
job you have fixed up, for you will never come back here." 

Brent walked out and into the express office, took his sawed- 
off shotgun, his revolver and cartridge belt, got up on the box 
beside the driver, and started for Benson, but the two suspects 
did not follow him. 

The next day Brent came back on his run to Tombstone, but 
was assigned temporarily 10 other duties, and an extra guard by 
the name of Lloyd took the run to Benson. The stage was 
stopped and Lloyd was killed. He was shot through the body 
and fell into the boot of the stage. The treasure box was taken 
but had little in it. The driver was ordered to drive on, which 
he did, to Benson with Lloyd's body. 

The news of the robbery and killing was wired to Tombstone. 
The agent went to Brent's room and awoke him to tell him the 
news. Brent got up, dressed, took a rifle, revolver and cartridges, 
got a saddle-horse and started for the scene of the hold-up, 
which he reached just about daybreak. From the point of a 
hill on the road he saw smoke from a campfire. He worked his 
way down the hill on foot, and succeeded in getting near enough 
to the camp to recognize one of the men he had seen the night 
before in the saloon. The man was alone and cooking his 
breakfast, the two men doubtless separating after the hold-up. 
Brent waited until the man turned so he could see his face, 
then he raised his rifle, took deliberate aim and pulled the trig- 

ger. The outlaw fell over and landed face down in the frying 
pan of bacon he had been cooking. Brent rode back to Tomb- 
stone, taking what little money the man had belonging to Wells 
Faorgo, and reported the incident to the sheriff, telling where he 
could find the remains. The robber was identified as "Red 
Bank Bill," a notorious outlaw. 

An exciting incident was that of an attempted hold-up on the 
stage line between Los Angeles and San Diego. It occurred on 
the open plains near Santa Ana and under the cover of night. 
The stage had just left the little settlement of Santa Ana, where 
fresh horses had been provided, and George Smith, the driver, 
was swinging along at a good pace when out from the darkness 
came the sharp and imperative command, "Stop!" 

But Smith instantly knew what was in the air, and did not 
obey the order. Instead he threw the lash in among his four 
fresh mustang horses and emitted a yell that a Comanche In- 
dian would envy. He kept going, hoping to get beyond the 
reach of the highwayman's fire, but in this he failed, for he was 
struck in both hands by the first volley. 

He was game, however, and kept his team going until beyond 
the danger line, when he was compelled to ask Mr. Richard 
Egan (now Judge Egan), who had the seat beside him, to take 
the reins and do the best he could with the team, which was 
then running away, as Smith was too faint and weak from pain 
to hold on any longer. They reached San Juan Capistrano in 
safety, where a fresh driver took the stage on to San Diego, and 
Smith received medical attention and returned to Los Angeles 
as soon as he was able to travel. He was rewarded for his 
courage and good, cool judgment by being presented with a 
fine gold watch, suitably engraved, with gold chain to match, 
by Wells Fargo. 

Tom Peters, driver on the Los Angeles to San Bernardino 
route, is another one who was ordered to stop and give up the 
treasure box by a highwayman. It was in broad daylight and 
near a little town of Spadra. He declined the invitation and 
kept going, when the lone bandit opened fire on him at close 
range, but fortunately doing him no bodily harm, though his 
hat was riddled with buckshot. 

Tom lashed his team into a run which proved to be a run- 
away, but he managed to keep them in the middle of the road 
and reached San Bernardino in safety and with the treasure 
box, which was well loaded that trip, intact. He, too, received 
a handsome watch and chain from Wells Fargo, the engraving 
on which told of his achievement and the company's apprecia- 
tion of his vigilance. 

There were many times, on the contrary, when the men sent 
out by Wells Fargo paid for their responsibility with their 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


View of the City When the Pony Express was in Vogue 

Published by K. R. Reynolds 


Kuehel-Dresel, Lithographers, San Francis 
As s.'t-n from the residence of N. Larco, Esq., Green street, Telegraph Hill, looking smith. 

| HE EARLY coaches ol Wells Fargo consumed 
twenty days to cross from St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, long considered a very outpost of civi- 
lization, to Sacramento. But twenty days to 
the merchants and bankers of the West 
Coast seemed an eternity. And so, a short 
time before the beginning of the Civil War, 
the Pony Express came into existence. Hav- 
ing received assurances that a fast communication from the 
Missouri River to California would be well patronized, three 
early stagecoach men, Senator W. M. Gwin, Alexander Majors 
and Daniel E. Phelps, made preparations for the inauguration 
of the new service. Six hundred bronchos, especially chosen 
for fleetness, toughness and endurance, were purchased. Sev- 
enty-five men, none of them weighing over one hundred and ten 
pounds, were engaged as riders, being selected on account of 
their bravery, their capacity for deprivation and their horse- 
manship, as well as for their shooting abilities and their 
knowledge of the craft and the manner of attack of the Indians. 
One of these, Henry Wallace, was selected for the signal honor 
of inaugurating the Pony Express, on April 3, 1859. In one 
of the laced pockets of his mochilla (Mexican saddlebags) he 
carried a message of congratulation from President Buchanan 
to the Governor ot California, the words having been tele- 
graphed that very morning from Washington to St. Joseph. 

The packet which Wallace had taken out from St. Joseph 
reached the capital of California just ten days later, almost to 
the very hour. Night and day it had been carried forward un- 
ceasingly. A rider would pick it from his predecessor and 
ride forth sixty miles at top speed to the point where his "re- 
lief" awaited him, to pick up the mochilla and start off in turn 
upon his sixty mile stretch. Six hours were given each of these 
riders for his sixty mile stint, and in this time he rode six dif- 
ferent ponies. It seems impossible, as one looks back upon it 
to-day, and realizes the crude wilderness the West was sixty 
years ago. 

This express was a tremendous hit. Bankers and merchants 
found a ten day service between the western end of rail and 
telegraph communication at St. Joseph and Sacramento, where 
there was overnight boat transit to San Francisco, a tremendous 
help. For every day, except Sunday, a messenger left St. Jo- 
seph at noon, another coming cast from Sacramento at eight 
o'clock in the morning. For two years this service was main- 
tained, through good weather and bad. The news of the taking 
of Fort Sumter was transmitted from St. Joseph to Sacramento, 
eighteen hundred miles, in eighteen days and fourteen hours; 
Buchanan's last message in two hours' less time. Yet the Pony 
express was destined to have only a short, if glorious, career. 
For along its path men were stringing copper wires, even in ad- 

vance of the steady oncoming of the railroad, and some time in 
the early part of 1862 the telegraph reached California, and the 
Pony Express was dead. Financially it had never been a suc- 
cess. The letters carried were written on very fine tissue paper : 
the cost of carrying between here and St. Joseph, Missouri, 
1,800 miles, was $5. 

The first mail by Pony Express reached Sacramento, April 
13, 1858. At that time the company employed 300 persons, 80 
of them being riders whose average performance was about 75 
miles. There is a record of one who rode 384 miles without 
stopping for meals and to change horses at stations. Prior to 
the advent of the Pony Express the newspapers had succeeded 
in having a telegraph wire run from San Francisco to Stockton 
and thence through the San Joaquin Valley and over the Te- 
hachapi Mountains to Los Angeles, the idea being to anticipate 
the arrival in San Francisco of the southern stage. But this 
endeavor failed to produce the improvements expected. The 
most news the local papers received through the Pony Express 
was the hair-breadth escapes from Indians and hold-up men. 
Buffalo Bill, Wild Bill and others of their calibre were among 
the riders. 

]rrn|HILE the various competitors in carrying mail and pas- 
l lil sengers were struggling among themselves to capture 
the bulk of the overland trade, a little group of Sac- 
ramento business men, Leland Stanford and Mark Hopkins 
and Charles Crocker among them, were steadily going forward 
on their Utopian scheme of building a railroad up over the 
crest of the Sierras to connect with the great Union Pacific 
Railway, already pushing itself westward from Omaha. They 
were blasting a path for their steel highway out of the very 
sides of the steep west slopes of California's great natural wall, 
and up that path the little wood-burning locomotives that, like 
the stage coaches, had been brought around the Horn in clip- 
per ships, were already tugging patiently. And it was only five 
years later that, in the lonely Utah Desert, the rails of the Cen- 
tral Pacific touched the rails of the Union Pacific, and a man 
might then ride in a railroad car all the way from New York 
to the waters of San Francisco Bay. 

Other through transcontinental routes already were being 
planned. Asa P. Whitney was enthusiastic over his cherished 
plan of the Northern Pacific Railway, and waiting for Villard 
to come and change his dream into reality. In the south, Stan- 
ford and Hppkins and Crocker, flushed with the success of their 
first transcontinental pathway, were building another, a pri- 
vate enterprise. Theirs was the Southern Pacific Railroad, and 
hardly had it made connection with the new and struggling 
Texas railroad system at El Paso, before the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe touched it at Deming, New Mexico. 


c .:.n Fiar.;i::o News Letter 

63th Anniversary Number, 1916 

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60th Anniversary Nilmber, 1916 

San Francisco News Letter 



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and California Advertiser 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

"Steamer Day" at the Post Office in the Early '50's 

Taken from an old drawing. 


with a telescope stationed ;it I'l. Lobos, near the present Cliff Mouse, on the sit.- of 1 1 1 . - i xlsting station. When the loi I o il sighted the appros 
ing steamer he hoisted ■< ihi« on a high pole above his station. This flag flashed the signal to a lookoul on thi Telegraph Hill station, and he 

promptly raised ;i flag on the polo above his location. 'I his flag ai meed to tin- residents or the citj thai thi regulai Panam all jti imei 

would be in with the Eastern mail and passengers within a few hours. Then the excitement began. Practically everj resident headed 
for the Postoffiee to get a leading place in the line to the delivery window. 

[REAT CROWDS gathered to meet the incom- 
ing steamers, for they always carried, be- 
side the letter mail, huge quantities of New 
York papers, which gave the local residents 
the news of the world at large. The New 
York agents of the twelve daily newspapers 
published in the city in 1853 sent out con- 
densed batches of world-wide news all pre- 
pared for the publishers here, and there developed a keen riv- 
alry among them to see which genius would get on the street 
first with this Eastern news. In the early '50's these Eastern 
papers arriving by steamers were the sole source from which 
the city obtained outside world news. 

In 1858 the Overland Stage Line between San Francisco and 
St. Louis was established. This overland line consumed 21 
days and made no reduction as compared with the regular 
steamer time, but it largely improved mail facilities. There 
were eight monthly arrivals by stage against two by steamer. 
The famous Pony Express was established in the same year 
between this city and St. Joseph, 1,800 miles. This service 
carried two mails per week, and the letters, written on fine 
tissue paper, were charged $5 each for every half ounce. This 
private correspondence overland contributed at times very im- 
portant information to the local newspapers. 

"Steamer day" was an institution, and developed a business 
system unique in several particulars. It astonished visitors, 
and was the wonder of Eastern correspondents. The system 
arose from the isolated position that San Francisco occupied on 
the commercial map of the world. For all practical purposes, 
San Francisco in the late '40's and early '50's was on an island 
surrounded by a great ocean. Its only direct connection was 
with New York, via Panama, some 4,000 miles away by water. 

Once every fortnight, the beginning and middle of every month, 
the city at large passed through the feverish excitement of 
"steamer day." A week before the 1st and 16th of each month 
practically every resident prepared his mail for the outgoing 
steamer. Gold dust running into the millions was shipped 
East, some of it to the Philadelphia mint to be coined, and the 
remainder to extinguish debts. Letters, newspapers, business 
communications and like matter had to be prepared for 
"steamer day." The system dragged along and died of inani- 
tion in the '80's. 

H~~ IFE in Yerba Buena in the '40's was dull. In 1844 there 
were about a dozen houses and 50 people. In 1846 the 
Hudson Bay Co. sold their holdings and left, thus 
largely cutting down the number of settlers. But for some rea- 
son, the new site proved a magnet for nomads and sailors de- 
serting vessels, and towards the close of 1846 there were some 
ninety building, shanties, adobes and frame houses, and about 
200 inhabitants. By the end of April, 1848, when the rush of 
residents to the gold fields began, the town had some 200 build- 
ings, and the population was nearly 1,000, practically all Amer- 
icans and Europeans. Every day brought new arrivals. In 
January, 1847, the first printing press was established, and on 
the 7th of the month the first paper, "The California Star," a 
weekly, was published, a small sheet of four pages, 15 inches 
by 12 inches. Sam Brannan was the owner. Prior to that is- 
sue "The Californian," also a weekly, had been established 
in Monterey as early as August 15, 1846, by Messrs. Colton and 
Semple. This was the first paper published on the Pacific 
Coast, March 20, 1847. "The California Star" changed its 
date lines from Yerba Buena to the new title of the city, San 
Francisco, January 30, 1847, a year before gold was discovered. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

San Francisco News Letter 


The Historic Double Celebration in the Plaza J 51 

view OF PORTSMOUTH SQUARE (THE PRESENT PLAZA), JULY 4TH, 1851. Depicting the residents celebrating the first Fourth of Julj 
following the acceptance ot the First Constitution of California, adopted September 9. 1850. The view is taken from i I on the i LSI side 

of Portsmouth Square, then the popular gathering place of the city, where all his outdoor general gatherings wen held Thi buildings In the 

1 ■ kground face the present lin-nimn phi. . mirno.i after C. J. Brennan. former Mayor- of the . itv The center building Is tii- ) famous 

Moi tental Engine Company, which existed and was used as an engine house down to its destruction in the great conflagration of April, i 

The i. nil, ini^s in-, typical of the architecture of the '49 period. The house on the extreme right with :• stream can flag is the Justice's 
Courl rii- Postoftice Is the smallest building mi Brennan Place; the second entrance on tin extreme rlgl I ol the building :upled by the litho- 
grapher. The Postofflce ot that ,i:i\ would barely furnish a stamp window for the present leu 

0MONG the interesting adventures and romances of the 
early '50's were the several filibustering expeditions 
in which William Walker's was the most prominent. 
The defeat of Mexico and the large territory acquired by the 
United States, engendered the idea into ambitious adventurers 
that the Central American States offered a field of easy con- 
quest and ripe plunder. Freeing nearby foreign territory for 
the purposes of spoils and self-advancement seemed to be an 
obsession of that period, and the islands and mainland of the 
southern Americas offered golden opportunities for the bold. 
In 1852 Walker announced his scheme of establishing a repub- 
lic in Lower California. The proposal was hailed with enthu- 
siasm by the adventurous. Promises to pay, based on the pros- 
pective revenues of the proposed new government, were freely 
sold. Volunteers swarmed to Walker's ranks, and he occupied 
the port of La Paz. Apparently the local authorities paid no 
attention to his actions. Later, President Pierce, after Walker 
occupied Granada, issued a proclamation against the venture. 
However, Walker's path remained free to take possession of 
Lower California. It was suspected at the time that emissaries 
of Napoleon III were in communication with Walker and his 
lieutenants. The newspapers of this city boldly charged that 
Walker's scheme was not to colonize but to construct a new 
State between this country and Mexico. 

Raoussett, one of the French foreigners connected with the 
plot, returned to San Francisco to raise more funds, but as his 

plans countered with the pro-slavery element, his second expe- 
dition never materialized. The French consul became mixed 
up in the suits which followed, and bad feeling v/as engendered 
in several quarters. 

In his attack on Sonora, Walker was defeated by the Mexi- 
can troops and fled back to California. He was duly tried by 
the United States courts and acquitted. His next filibustering 
expedition was to Nicaragua, but he was defeated by Rivas. 
Later he obtained more recruits, seized the government and 
captured the city of Granada. He was promptly accepted as 
an ally of the regular government, and made commander in 
chief, March, 1856. His army of 1,200 men was filled largely 
by recruits from the United States. In the war which followed 
between Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Walker was defeated in 
the first battle, but later routed the Costa Ricans. His victory 
elevated him to ruler of the State. To fill his treasury he con- 
fiscated all the treasure of the local office of the Vanderbilt 
Steamship Company, and revoked its charter. He procured 
his elevation to the Presidency by the usual forceful process, 
and decreed the prohibition of slavery. Later the natives and 
people revolted; Walker was abandoned by his army, and 
escaped by taking refuge in a United States man-of-war lying 
in the harbor. His next filibustering attempt was on Honduras. 
There he was made prisoner by an officer of the British navy, 
and surrendered to the Honduras authorities, tried by court 
martial and shot 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

5 01 VCaSB 

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E* Of P C p C A 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Activities of the Vigilantes of '51 and '56 

From a print in Pioneer Section. Golden Gate Park. 
THE EXECUTION OF SAMUEL WHITAKER AND ROBERT McKENZIE. The men were taken from the city authorities and hanged bv the 
Vigilance Committee. Sunday, August 24, 1851. midafternoon, before 15,000 people. 

jHERE probably never has been in the United 
States a depth of political degradation than 
that which marked San Francisco in 1854 
and '55. On account of the unsettled condi- 
tion of society, business, and the feverish 
rush to rake fortunes from the rich placer 
mines, very few of the respectable classes of 
the community took any interest in public 
matters. Politics and the government of the city and State were 
neglected by the residents, and naturally the offices and emolu- 
ments fell to the criminal elements. Some of the worst charac- 
ters driven from the Bowery. N. Y., and from Botany Bay, Aus- 
tralia, held office, and wallowed in all kinds of political corrup- 
tion and graft. Trials in the courts became a farce, and those 
in power made no pretense of shielding their friends when 
charged with crimes. An honest man's vote was worthless at 
the polls, and ballot box stuffing was openly practiced. Clubs 
were formed to sell their votes to the highest bidders. 

James King of William, born of an old Virginia family, and 
who became a prominent banker in this city, only to lose his 
fortune later in the local panic of 1854-5, was the man who prac- 
tically alone started the work of rousing the better class of 
residents to the struggle of cleaning out the criminal element 
in power. At that time the criminal element was closely affili- 
ated with certain influential, wealthy people in sharing the 
profits of political corruption. While in the banking business, 
King had discovered numbers of corrupt transactions of this 
character. His friends knew this, and realizing that he was a 
man competent in every way to meet the situation, they urged 
him to start a paper and voice his convictions on the corrupt 
conditions. On October 8, 1855, he started the publication of 
Ihe present Evening Bulletin, 4 pages, 10x15 in. in size. 

Many critics have said that no such paper, or anything like 
it, had appeared in any country. It was an ideal fighting journal, 
edited by a man who knew no fear, and dealt his iron clad 
blows impartially. So when Charles Cora, a notorious gambler, 
shot down U. S. Marshall Richardson, and was formally ar- 

rested by his friends in office, King, with his vigorous ardor, 
declared that if Cora was allowed to escape, the sheriff must 
hang. The fervor of King in his denunciations roused the feel- 
ings of the general public to a high pitch. King widened his 
range of attack against the political element, and attacked Jas. 
F. Casey, one of the city supervisors, and showed that he had 
been an inmate of Sing-Sing, New York. Casey shot King as 
'.he latter was coming from the editorial rooms of the Bulletin, 
on the west side of Montgomery street, just north of Washing- 
ton street. He was carried to a room in the Montgomery Block, 
and a few days later died at his home. Following the shooting, 
over ten thousand people crowded around the building to hear 
the tidings The crowd later retired to the Plaza, and soon a buzz 
went through the crowd that a Vigilance Committee was form- 
ing. Meanwhile, Casey was being guarded in jail on Broadway 
by hundreds of his friends and a company of militia. Friends 
of King were allowed to enter the jail to assure themselves that 
the prisoner had not been spirited away. 

At nine o'clock next morning, members of the old Vigilance 
Committee of '51 began to assemble in an old lodge room at 
Sacramento and Leidesdorff street. Among them was William 
T. Coleman, a prominent member of the old committee. He was 
urged to start the new movement. Coleman wrote out the oath 
of fealty, urged that the membership be impersonal and that 
each man should be known by a number. Life, liberty, prop- 
erty and honor were pledged. Coleman was No. 1, and the sec- 
retary, Isaac Bluxome, No. 33. 

When the report was issued that King had died of his wound, 
the Vigilance Committee had swelled to 3,500 members under 
arms. With cannon to batter down the doors, they marched 
to the jail, but Casey was delivered to them after short protest. 

The committee then returned to the jail and took Cora to 
their headquarters. Both men were given advocates to defend 
them; both were tried before a jury of the Vigilants and were 
convicted and hanged — from a platform run out from the second 
story windows of Fort Gunnybags. An immense throng filled 
the street, and the 50-vara lot in front of the building. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Famous Fort Gunnybags of the Vigilantes of '56 

■j : i-> k '^-i« 

THE PLAN OF FORTIFICATION OF FORT GUNNYBAGS. The headquarters of the Vigilance Committee of '56 consisted ol coarse sacks filled 

with sand and piled up as seen in the picture, nearly six feet thick and ten feet high. Cannon were pi iced at the embrasures at each corner, in- 
side was a platform and openings, from which a scathing fire of musketry could he fired. There was a strong Impression at the time that the 
rival Law and Order Party had obtained control of certain surrounding: buildings from which they might control the situation by arms. To meei 
such an attack the Vigilantes placed cannon on the roof of Fort Gunnybags. These defenses could have been raided readily by a strong force, but 
the show of ample defense seemingly attained the object of the organization. The eld stone building on the south side of Sacramento street, near 
Davis, was wiped out by the big fire of 1906. 

WIM. T. COLEMAN, a member of the first Vigilance Committee of lsf.i 
and leader ol the committee of 1S56. 

james king OF william. whose murdei by James Cases preclpl 
tated the organization of the Vigilance Committee of '56. 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Running with "the old Masheen" in the 50's and 60's 

A TYPICAL ENGINE of the '50's and early '60's, Broderick No. 1, outside its house on the south side of Sacramento street just above Kearny 
street. The company was named after Senator Broderick, who was shot and killed in a duel with Judge David Terry, the outcome of one of the 
bitterest political contests In that period of political fighting leading up to the causes of the Civil War. 

}N THE HEYDAY of their usefulness there 
were fourteen engine companies and three 
hook and ladder companies furnishing 
defense against the Fire King then in full 
vigor to attack the vulnerable city through 
the long stretches of redwood structures and 
inadequate water supply. Also the pre- 
vailing winds were a great ally of the Fire 
King, as the records testify. At a pinch, gunpowder was used 
to blow up buildings and confine the raging flames to a certain 

Water in the early days was distributed to the householders 
from carts. Later, a supply was brought in to the city by a 
wooden flume tapping a supply near the Presidio. In order to 
have a proper supply to handle ordinary fires a system was 
inaugurated of building large cisterns at strategic street cross- 
ings and keeping them filled with water. Many of those old 
cisterns are in use to-day, despite the city's prodigious high 
pressure water system. Some of those old cisterns were opened 
up during the great conflagration of April, 1906, and in certain 
neighborhoods property was saved through them. Attempts 
were made to use them in the heart of the city, but of course 
they furnished barely a drop in the flood of water required. 
Insurance companies were operating here with great success in 
the early '50's, as is related in detail on another page of this 

Usually one hundred men belonged to an engine company. 
They were all volunteers, and rushed from their employment to 
their engine houses to grab the long rope dragging the engine. 
Late comers picked up the rope in the street as the engine 
swept by. Great was the rivalry among the companies to reach 
the fire, and play the first stream on the blaze. To get there first 
was almost a mania with many of the "boys," and all sorts of 
tricks and strategy were employed. Even faked fires were 
started in out of the way places in order to lure and defeat riv- 
als. The fire laddies were extremely popular, and all kinds, of 
attention were showered on them by the citizens: naturally and 
for sound reasons. A Fireman's Day and an annual parade 
was set aside for them and on every jubilee event they were 

usually made the central feature. The parades were usually 
accepted as a review showing the splendor and up-to-date effi- 
ciency of the fire department. 

Knickerbocker No. 5 was the pride of the town on account of 
its famous member Lily Hitchcock. One day a lively fire broke 
cut on the side of Telegraph Hill. The big bell on Monumental 
No. 6, located on the west side of the Plaza, sounded the alarm, 
and every machine in that fire district tore out into the street, the 
tardy volunteer members grabbing the rope as she shot through 
the street. Knickerbocker No. 5 appeared in the lead, with a 
scant crew at the rope. Near the approach to the hill, another 
engine, more strongly manned, gradually overtook her. The 
fresher crew began to chaff and jeer the Knickerbocker boys. 
Lily Hitchcock was walking along the street at the time on her 
way from school. She grew indignant at the chaffing, threw her 
school books into Austin's store. She ran into the street, grabbed 
the rope, and shouted "Come along, boys, we'll beat 'em. Come 
everybody and pull," and she beckoned to the men lining the 
sidewalks and enjoying the contest. Numbers of them grabbed 
the rope, and Knickerbocker No. 5 speedily shot ahead of its 
rival and played the first stream of water on the fire. 

After it was over Lily Hitchcock was taken back to the 
engine house, and amid cheers was unanimously elected an ac- 
tive member of the company. On every fourth of July celebra- 
tion thereafter and on all gala parades Lily Hitchcock was en- 
throned in a bank of flowers and flags on Knickerbocker No. 5, 
and the proud members drew her in the procession amid the 
cheers from the street throngs. She was the darling of the 
town. Some years later she married Howard Coit, the well 
known caller of the San Francisco Stock Exchance. After his 
death she took up her residence in Paris, where she is still living, 
with occasional visits to this city. 

In these regular parades each company took especial pride in 
the trophies they had captured in "fire" contests for prizes and 
in "beating" their rivals to a blaze. Some of these were ban- 
ners opulently fringed with gold bullion; sometimes they were 
in the shape of rich pennants, sometimes of richly jeweled 
medals bearing ornate testimonials of merit in extinguishing 
fires. December 2, 1866, the present paid system began. 

... — 

Mp*-~-< -ortt&ammmtm 

■* Mi'^jr-. 


eproduce i with 

Section 4 
raph now In Picne 

ctlon, Museum, Golden Gate Park. C. i ; Clifford Delineator and LI tin 

Copyrighted ii> the ,eai 1362 by A. Rosenfeid, 

Panorama of San Francisco, 1863, from Russian Hil 


Gate. B, Fori Point 6, Sandy Point, 7, Pt, Bonlta Ughl 8. Point Polnl t n. K. P. <'it% Water Works 

12, Leavenworth street, 11 Lombard st ■ Filbert street 17. Union street 18. Tamalpals, Marin County, L9, 

sallto, SO, Greene li h si School, 

SECTION 2. LOOKING NORTH. — 21 ' Lombard strei reenwlcb street 24. Angel Island. 26. Al 

1-1 I and Fort 26. Taylor street 27 Sacramento and Stockton stn lien streel ggs' Wharf 

street. 31, Francisco street 32. Chestni t al in street 84. Powell stri mly Hospital. S6. Convi S : 

Sheep Island. 88. Bloss Rock 19. F tor's Castli i" Stockton sti 

SECTION 3. LOOKING EAST— li Greenwich street II Filbert strict. 43. Dupont street. 14. Washington Squan 

16. Stockton street, it Union streel 18. Telegraph Hill (894 feet). 49. Green street. 5i>. Union Sti 

52. Mount Diablo. 58 St Francis Church 54 Vallejo SI Wharf. 56, Vallejo street, 56. Broadway Wharf nd (Alameda County). 

58. Jackson St \\ Sherlth Israel.) 

SECTION 4. LOOKING EAST AND SOUTH.-iil San AntOnlO I. 68. Was - 64. Market ! 

66. Stockton street 66, Qermai U B C SI Wharl 68, Custom street 69. Jewish Synagogu Congregal 

M.S.I Ti Broadwaj 7j City Hall. 73 U. S Marine Hospital (Rincon Point) 71. First Baptist Church. 7.V Fremonl 

streel 77 I'u si streel 7- .-.111111 Presbyterian Church 79. First Presbyterian Church. BO. St. Mary's H 

82 Powell SI G lurcl Essex streel 84. Ic Temple. -7 F 

B8 Odd Fellows Hall, B9. Poi si m, e. Church. 90 Powell SI - 91. Mission Rock. »3. Church of th< Advei 

Church, 94. Powell streel 96 Hawthorn street. 96. i - - Point 

SECTION 5. LOOKING SOUTH AND WEST. (Observatory erected l-i.ll.-l. It - ' Qiientln. 

3. Mission Baj i Mason street - .fones 

I 13 Mission Dolores. IS. Prates um. 14. Hayes Park IS. Pacific str. enworth ! 

17. Vallej 18. 1 1 \ ,1.' street 19, Broadway ry (Roman Ca 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916 

Prominent Street Corners of San Francisco in 1868 

The building with the tower is a former Masonic Temple I Post and Montgomery streets) was a notable landmark destroyed by the big 
fire of 1906. The First National Bank building now occupies the site. The structure in its foreground Is the old Hlbernia Hank building. The n 
is now occupied by the skyscraper of Wells Fargo Nevada National Bank. On the opposite gore is an old pioneer building which was purchased 

by the Crocker Estate Association in 1890. The Crocker Building and the Crocker National Bank now occupy that promlnenl sit Market 

street The extensive excavations on the left are being made for the foundations of the Grand Hotel, which was destroyed by the big Are of L906. 
The Merchants' National Bank Building, the Schwabacher S- Frey building, and other structures, now occupy the site Facing Market street, be- 
tween Second and New Montgomery rtreets. At that time the Palace Hotel was not in conb mi lation. The character of the structures In this 
photograph furnishes an idea of the last representatives of the buildings of the late '50's and the 'GO'S. 

mechanics' pavilion. The annual fair with exhibits were held hen. The pavilion was also the meeting place of the large politicaJ 
gatherings and of big dances and gala, celebrations. It was located on Stockton street, from Post to Geary, on the present I nlon Square opposite 
the St. Francis Hotel. The steeples of the present Temple Emanuel, on Sutter street, rise on the right. (From ;m old photograph I 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Two Views of the City in the Middle 60' s 

THE LOWER END OF MARKET STREET, 1865. From Sansome street to the water front. 

Prom T. E. Hecht's Collection. 
Goat Island (Yerba Buena) in the middle distance. 

MN 1865, when the buildings above were standing, this 
country was just emerging from the Civil War. Both 
the "Chronicle" and the "Examiner" were founded in 
that year, the latter being published as an evening paper. The 
"Chronicle" was then known as the "Dramatic Chronicle," and 
specially covered the theatrical field, sauced with leading news 
features. As time developed, the de Young Brothers discov- 
ered that there was a wider field for them in the news line, and 
they began to develop that department of the paper, and quickly 
won a well recognized standing. Those were the days of the 
adventurous and daring in railroad construction by Stanford, 
Crocker, Huntington and Hopkins. In course of time their 

efforts greatly stimulated confidence in the future of California 
and the Pacific Coast. It was the heyday of mining stock specu- 
lation, and fortunes were lost and made between two suns. This 
field of speculation extended late into the 70's, for in 1875 one 
of the biggest of the bonanzas was uncovered, in which Mackay, 
Fair, Flood and O'Brien took out nearly $200,000,000, besides 
$138,000,000 they gathered from other mines. A great deal 
of this money was distributed among stockholders in the shape 
of dividends, and eventually went into extensive local building. 
This era of speculation was rounded off by the failure of the 
Bank of California. Then followed reorganization all around, 
and all lines settled down to substantial business methods. 

HAYES VALLEY IN 1064. The Protestant Orphan Asylum at the extreme upper left. The early ail 
right of the end ..l Hi. train disappearing around the hill, the semi-circular building Hayes Pavilion. The train at tie - , h , e ?! d ' ng fo J 

Hayes Valley I'lu train in I -he old locomotive train that carried old time passengers from Market valley, and 

to the Willows i in. u amusement park in 1864. Lone Mountain is seen in the background, extreme right. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916 


Gasped fully Inscribed to the Wealth, Enterpri: 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


■aliforma ty their faithful friend , 

' 3 

SUPPLEMENT to *»•-"*. JULY 19:1879. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 





















60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 























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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Abe Warner's "Cobweb Palace" at Meiggs Wharf 


web Palace at the 
head of Meiggs' 
Wharf, on the north shore 
of the city was one of the 
few antiquarian "sights" of 
pioneer times bequeathed 
to the later generation. The 
old wooden structure built 
on palsied piling just above 
the wash of the bay tide 
was in the last stages of di- 
lapidation. For several de- 
cades the wharf and build- 
ing gave every sign of blow- 
ing away in the first big 
gale off the Golden Gate. 
In the early days the main 
room was a popular bar 
room, a notable resort in 
the heyday of Meiggs. In 
the later days of Warner's 
occupancy he confined his 
sales to popcorn, peanuts, 
fruit and various soda 
waters, most of which were 
bought to feed the animals. 
From the latter '50's the 
cowwebs began to gather in 
the main room. When Abe 
Warner acquired the place 
the cobwebs were never 
thereafter disturbed. They 
literally covered everything 
in the place except the 
more lively animals and vis- 
itors. The walls and ceil- 

Cob Web Palace. 

tlu- menagerh ;it Un* head of fVEeJggs Wharf, fool ol Powell stEeet. 

ings were festooned with 
them in great banners. 
Monkeys, cockatoos of radi- 
ant plumage, parrots, dogs, 
cats and varieties of queer 
animals from strange re- 
gions lived freely and con- 
genially in the room. 

Outside were tiers of 
barred cages with larger 
animals, mostly of the bear 
variety, numbers of mon- 
keys and baboons chained 
to their box apartment, and 
other creatures from No 
Man's Land. Children from 
the neighborhood were al- 
ways there playing with the 
animals, an all-round happy 
family. Strangers wan- 
dered about the cobwebbed 
room examining the curios 
and wondering what it all 
meant. The paintings, lac- 
quer work, medallions, 
busts of famous men, etch- 
ings, old furniture, bas re- 
liefs in silver and other 
metals and marbles, curi- 
ous jewelry brought from 
the ends of the earth held 
ever charm for the curious. 

When old Abe Warner 
died, laden heavily with the 
years, the collection was 
auctioned off and proved a 
valuable asset to the estate. 

ttttrer! in his holiday attire, In :i corner of his famous 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


The Wharf that Transformed the Life of Harry Meigg 

THE LONG WHARF AT NORTH beach, built by Harry Meiges to get Hi. shipping business oi the city. The "1." ivas built late 

IgTjl ARRY MEIGGS was one of the biggest "hustlers" in 
j!_jj San Francisco during the early '50 s, a pioneer pro- 
motor of his day. He didn't overlook anything, and 
like most men of his day and generation he made his word 
good. He was forever pushing some enterprise. When he 
landed in the city in 1850 al! the vessels entering the Golden 
Gate anchored in Yerba Buena cove at the foot of what was 
then Washington, Commercial and Jackson streets. Wharfs 
were extended into the bay waters there, and residents gen- 
erally recognized that locality as the city's only shipping point. 
Harry Meiggs had other ideas. A year or two later he boomed 
North Beach, and built a road around the base of Telegraph 
Hill to Clark's Point, on the north shore, where he had invested 
a pot of money in real estate. He ran out a wharf 2,000 feet 
long from the foot of Powell street, graded and extended the 
streets in that quarter, and started a real estate boom. His ob- 
ject was to induce ship owners to make use of his facilities for 
their warehouses. He urged that his dock was closer to the 
Golden Gate, and its inducements superior to the old anchorage. 
He plunged heavily into debt in trying to swing this big 

Meiggs knew every game being played in the city, political, 
social, financial and otherwise. At that time street work was 

paid for in warrants on the public treasury, signed by the Mayor 
and Controller. The Controller had fallen into the easy habit 
of signing entire books of blank warrants, and the Mayor, be- 
ing a good fellow, followed suit. Meiggs knew their system, 
and through a pliable subordinate got possession of one of these 
books properly signed for issue. 

There was no money in the street fund at the time, but that 
did not disconcert Meiggs. He knew that the money lenders 
cf the town would bite at them, not knowing the situation, a 
sharp commentary on the way the city business was conducted. 
Before any one had an inkling, Meiggs had scattered enough 
warrants among money lenders to raise his monthly interest to 
$30,000. Meiggs was safely in flight when the storm broke. 
How much money he carried to Valparaiso, Chili, was never 
discovered. Meiggs later declared that he landed with only 
$S,000. He lost this in speculation, and had to pawn his watch. 

South America at that period proved a gold mine for a man 
of Meiggs' irrepressible and resourceful character. Eventually 
he accumulated a fortune estimated at nearly $100,000 by 
building lailroads in Peru and handling government contracts 
in adjacent countries. From his earnings he paid back every 
cent he owed his creditors in California. Eventually he made 
overtures to return here, but failed. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Early Residents Depicted by a Caricaturist of that Day 

SAN FRANCISCO AT THE fair. Reduced from a drawing by E. Jump, a noted caricaturist, madi In 1864. The likenesses will I" i 
recognized by ihose familiar with the prominent San Franciscans of fifty years -i^". The following KEY will aid in locating those represented. 




TOP ROW, 1 TO 43. 
D. Frick. Chemist 
John Madison, Paper Carrier 
1). Ghirardelli, Chocolate Manufacturer 
J. Walter Walsh. Editor "Varieties" 
Geo. K. Fitch. "Bulletin" 
Theodore Thiele. Editor 

Clemens Merine, Tailor, with Fisk & Sutton 
A. Rosenfeld. Lithographer 
Isaac Wormser. Merchant 
Herman G. Muller. Editor Germ'n Demokrat 
Joseph Roos, Picture Dealer 
George Lack. Watchmaker 
James Lenen 

lames F. Bowman. Writer 

Joseph E. Lawrence. Editor 

Jonathan D. Stevenson. Attorney. Notary 

James Nesbet. Editor. Bulletin 

to 27 Names unknown, 
billie Hitchcock 

Fred McCrellish. Proprietor Alta 
M. M. Noah. Editor Alia 
It. B. Swain. Superintendent U. S. Mini 
Etienne Derbec, Publisher 
Chas. Kuchel. Lithographer 
Count James McGinnis 
Chas. 11. Webb, Editor 
Jack Stratman. News Agent 
D. O. McCarthy. Editor 
Felix O'Bryne. Editor 

Frederick Marriott, Pub. S. F. News Letter 
F. I'esfarges, Stock Broker 

Gustave Proulllat, Lithographer 

Eugene Dupre. French Notary 

George Lumley. Wines and Liquors 

John Mabielle. Editor 

W. B. Agard. Agent. Dupuy 

White, of White & Wilson 

Ferdinand Loehr. Editor 

Herman Belir. Physician 

W. Ingraham Kipp. D. I'.. Bishop of Ci 

Edward Norton. Lawyer 

R. W. Heath. Stock Broker 

Ogdon Hoffman. Judge 

I >elos Lake. Judge 

Samuel Cowles. Judge 

58 Stephen J. Field, Judge 

59 P. w. Shepheard, Judge 

60 Ellsha Cook Lawyer 

01 Alexander Campbell. Lawyer 

62 John Wieland, Brewer 

63 C. F. Meblus. Importer 

64 A. Sheppard 

65 Frederick Zeile, Physician 

lit! David Henriques, Stock Broker 

67 Edward Franklin, Real Estate 

THIRD ROW, 68 TO 109 

68 Richard II. Sinton, Stock Broker 

70 Salvator Rosa. Musician 

71 T. It. Monstery, Fencing Master 

72 Martin A. Sarles. Music 

73 Charles Dahl, Painter, etc. 

74 Clark 

75 Frank Wheeler. Gymnast 

76 George O. Ecker. Watch Maker 

77 II. A. Col,h. Real Estate 

78 Nathan Clark, Keeper County Jail 

79 W. il Bruner, M. D., Physician 

80 A. F. Sawyer. M. P., Physician 

82 J. B. Crockett, Judge 

83 H. C. Behrens, Physician 

84 Abbott B. Klttredge, Pastor 

85 Jamos C. Zabrlskle, Lawyer 

86 Benjamin B. Colt, Physician 

87 Robert K. Nuttall, Physician 

88 Alex. N. Huard, French Physician 
S9 Emanuel D'Glivera, Physlcan 

90 [saac Rowell, Physician 

91 Jonathan S. Calef, Physician 

92 C. E. Blake. Dentist 

93 L. J. Czapkay. Physician 

94 il. il. 'inland. Physician 

96 Henry W. Bellows, Clergyman 
9n James M. Sharkey. Physician 

97 John Ewer. Bohemian 

98 B. A. Shelden Physician 

99 Barlow J, Smith, Physician 

100 Gustav I.eipnitz. Druggist 

101 Edward Jump. Artist 

102 Jacob G. Chapped. Detective 

103 John O. Earl, Capitalist 

104 William Woodward. Mining Operator 
io r , Charles Howard, Magulre's Treasurer 

106 Frank Mayo, Actor 

107 John Wilson. Proprietor Circus 

108 Thomas Maguire. Opera House 

109 Samuel Brooks. Artist 


lia Harry Courtalne, Actor 

1 1 1 Chaa. Backus. Minstrel 

11:' William Bernard. Minstrel 

113 William Birch. Minstrel 

111 Rudolph Herold Musician 

ll.S Alonso R. Phelps. Actor 


116 Robert W. Flshbourne. Lithograph. 

117 John Temple, Broker 

lis Richard N. Berrv. Broker 

119 Robt. J Vandewater, Capitalist 

120 Philip w. Taylor. Collector 

121 A Torning. Scene Painter 

I ,'i' Thomas N. Cazneau, Adjuster 

123 T C. Sanborn, Stock Broki t 

124 Isaac Fricdlnnder, Grain Merchant 
135 Eugenlo Blanch!, Singer 

120 Th lot.- Swi.lthert. I'apit.ilisl 

127 Jas. R. Hardr-nberg. Russ House Prop'r 

128 H. Vnnlorken. Stock Broker 

129 James T. Watkins. Steamer Captain 

130 George T. Knox. Mining Secretary 

131 J. B. E. Cavalller. stock Broker 

132 Jack Williams. Speculator 

133 Speer Rlddell. Cashier 

134 Henry P. Coon, Mayor 

135 Eugenie Bronchi. Singer 

130 Henry F. Teschemacher, Real Gstate 

137 M. G. Vallejo 

138 Henry O. Howard. Real Estate 

139 David Scanned. Fire Chief 

140 John Kelly. Wells Fatgo 

141 Emlle II. Jacquelin, Wells Fargo 

142 John Sime. Banker 

143 John W Tucker. Jeweler 

in Robert Dvson, Clerk Engine Co, 

115 Col. Crushwlll, White Liven Stable 


ii7 Charles James, Agent rj. S., Porl of s. F. 

148 F. L. A. Ploche. Banker 


150 Michael Reese. Capitalist 

ir.i W. F Babcock, Merchant 

152 Aug m. iiesiep. Lawyer 

1 53 James I lowling, Actor 

154 Samuel Brannan, Real Estate 

155 John Parrntt. Banker 
ire; Nidi,, ins Luning. Banker 

167 iiiisteri Werthermer, Jewelet 

168 ' ittaviano. Gori. Modeler 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Story of the San Francisco News Letter 

)N THE LATER '50's, here in San Francisco, 
overland mail was carried by pony express 
across the continent to St. Louis. Conse- 
quently, only letter mail was carried because 
of the high cost, $5 per half ounce. 

In the earlier '50's, newspapers were all 
sent abroad via the Panama line of steamers 
to New York. That line furnished the only 
comparatively fast time in news connection with the outside 
world. Fred Marriott, Sr., had founded a number of papers, 
among them the present Illustrated London News. He was no 
novice in the publishing business. In looking over the field, he 
decided to furnish a publication that would appeal to the pub- 
lic on its merits and the extraordinary conditions regarding 
mail facilities then prevailing in the community. He conceived 
the idea of publishing in digest form the news of the city and 
State, and at the same time fulfill all the essential requirements 
for its caniage through the mails at the same rate as an ordi- 
nary letter. His novel idea and the form of his periodical was 
given the appropriate name of "The News Letter." 

The plant of the News Letter was destroyed by fire in April, 
1906; all the early files of the publication went up in smoke, 
and with them a large collection of priceless relics of pioneer 
days accumulated by the elder Marriott. We are therefore in- 
debted to Mr. Barron, curator of the Museum in Golden Gate 
Park, for the privilege of photographing and reproducing from 
his files a copy of the News Letter dated October 20th to No- 
vember 5, 1856. (Facsimile on blue paper preceding title page 
in this issue.) 

The first issue was published July 20, 1856, and was printed 
on a very thin, dull blue paper, the size of the present page. 
The first two pages were covered with the general news of the 
day in short paragraphs and with advertisements. Some of the 
firms of that pioneer period are still in business in this city. 
The last two pages were left blank, so that the third page might 
be used for a letter and the fourth page for writing the address 
of any one abroad to whom the subscriber or purchaser might 
care to mail it. The idea was at once a hit with the commu- 
nity, and The News Letter, backed by its timely news and the 
personal news of its senders, was conspicuous in the outgoing 
mails of the regular steamers. Later, The News Letter in its 
light and unique form of four pages, was readily carried by the 
Pony Express messengers across the plains. 

Thus the latest news was delivered in the East and throuf,".i- 
out the world many days in advance of the local daily news- 

At that time there were no telegraph lines across the conti- 
nent. The only form of telegraphing in practical use was on 
TelegraDh Hill, where there was a station and a like station 
on a hill near the present Cliff House, facing the Pacific Ocean. 
The look-out there had a strong telescope. When a vessel 
hove in sight he hoisted a flag on his station. The look-out on 
Telegraph Hill immediately hoisted a flag on his station. The 
merchants at the foot of the hill would see that flag and imme- 
diately prepare to go to the Post Office to get the mail brought 
them bv the steamer. 

In 1865, on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, rioters 
attacked the newspapers that were against the franchising of 
the negro, and destroyed their plants. The mob looted numbers 
of offices. Among these were the Examiner and News Letter. 
Always fearless and independent, supporting the weak 
against the strong, the right against the wrong, the News Letter 
of that day naturally made many enemies and many staunch 

In 1875 the city and State was overrun with quack doctors; 
hundreds of men styled themselves doctors who had never 
studied medicine or attended a medical school. The News 
Letter forthright published a list of these men each week for 
over a year, and finally introduced a bill into the legislature to 
compel any one claiming to be a doctor to have a diploma from 
an accredited medical school. The five hundred quacks sub- 
scribed $100 each, and also had a bill introduced into the State 
legislature similar to that which the News Letter desired 
passed, but had added to it the clause "except men now prac- 
tising." The sack provided by them was big enough to pass 

their bill, but the notoriey given the quacks by the News Letter 
had reached every part of the State, so that practically all the 
quacks had to retire. Following this campaign, the News Letter 
planned a campaign to expose trade frauds so as to prevent the 
adulteration ot food and drink, short weights and measures. 
Hunreds of articles of food and drink were analyzed. The 
analyses were published from week to week until Congress took 
the matter up and passed the bills now in force. 

In 1910 the News Letter started a vigorous fight for good 
loads, and has consistently maintained it. The press through- 
out the State became interested, and through the suggestion of 
the News Letter no aspirant for the legislature would be sup- 
ported unless first pledged for good roads. With this move- 
ment was the start of the $18,000,000 bond issue, with $15,- 
000,000 more in sight at our next election in November. 

To-day California has the best roads in the United States. 

The race tracks about the bay were for years run in such an 
iniquitous manner that through the continued exposure in the 
News Letter of the dishonest practices of the management it 
was eventually closed. In this campaign, the proprietor of the 
News Letter was nearly murdered for his endeavors. 

The News Letter has been a kindergarten that has developed 
an unusual number of the brainiest and best known writers on 
the Pacific Coast, writers that later developed national and, in 
many instances, international reputations. Among them were : 

James F. Bowman, Frank C. Cremony, Bret Harte, Will 
Clemens (Mark Twain), W. T. Carleton, Ambrose Bierce, 
Frank M. Pixley, James T. Watkins, Gomer Evans, D. W. C. 
Nesfield, Frank H. Gassaway, T. A. Harcourt, R. E. White, 
Thomas J. Vivian, A. F. Balch, Mrs. Jos. Austin, Ashton Stev- 
ens, Hubert Henry Davies (the present dramatist), Wallace Ir- 
win. Ed. F. Moran, Stephen Massett ("Jeems Pipes of Pipes- 
ville"), Rev. Wm. S. Harvey, Harvey Brown, J. O. Hara Cos- 
grove, John Finlay, Gertrude Atherton, Wm. M. Neilson, P. N. 
Beringer, John Melville, Daniel O'Connell, Pete Bigelow, Fred 
Emerson Brooks, Jack London, Frank Norris, Sam Davis, 
Alice Ballard Rix, A. J. Waterhouse, Eliza D. Keith, Mrs. Kate 
Waters, John H. Gilmore, Adolphe Danziger, W. C. Morrow. 

Frank A. Nankevel, the artist, got his first start on the News 

Many interesting, noteworthy and historical illustrations have 
accompanied the News Letter in its issues from time to time 
since 1856. One of the most notable was "At the Play," ac- 
curately depicting three hundred men prominent in San Fran- 
cisco at that time. Nearly all are dead now, so that copies of 
the work are very valuable, although 30,000 copies were 
printed. The series of "Men We Know," which ran several 
years, set forth the traits and character of the prominent finan- 
ciers, professional and business men of that interesting period of 
commonwealth building. The series of "Artistic Homes" ran 
several years. This series had an extraordinary effect on people 
in the East, who had never seen San Francisco. They could 
now visualize our environment. Having heard of us as a 
wooden city we were pictured as a lot of peaked roofs. When 
the beautiful and artistic homes were illustrated in the pages 
of the News Letter it was plainly shown that San Francisco 
could vie with any private building of stone in the East. 

Born July 16, 1805, in Enfield, England, at the time of the epic 
sea-fight of Trafalgar, Frederick Marriott, Sr., the founder of 
the News Letter, was also the founder of the present Illustrated 
London News. Associated with him was George Augustus 
Sala. Mr. Marriott sold his interest for 500 pounds sterling, and 
joined the East India Company in Calcutta. He came to San 
Francisco in 1850, and started the San Francisco News Letter 
in 1856. He died, December 16, 1884, seventy-nine years of 

This issue of the News Letter contains reproductions of a 
large number of photographs, lithographs and drawings, made 
in the early days, all of which are very rare. For the reproduc- 
tion of these we are indebted to the kindness of the owners, 
among whom are R. P. Schwerin, Phil B. Beckart, George Bar- 
ron, Curator Pioneer Section, Golden Gate Park Museum, 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



(See Opposite Page) 


Stephen T. Gage 


Wm. Sherman 



A. P. Stanford 


Charles Marsh 



P. A. Tritle 


1 lavid 1 rewes 



Hon. John Conness 


Lorenzo Sawyer 



C. N. West 


B Blaek [{van 



Benjamin Welch 


Mrs. K. B. Ryan 



B. F. Gerald 


Bishop 1,. Fan- 



J. R. Watson 


John Corning 



Rev. Dr. Tn.ld 


W. E, Brown 



James W. 1 [aynes 


'! h is P. 1 Mnan! 



E. H. Miller. Jr. 


Dr. .1. d. B, Stillman 



Arthur Rrown 


Dr. H. W. Harkness 



Rohert Robinson 


Col. Little 



Bishop J. Sharp 


Mrs. .1. 11 si robridge 



F. L, Vandenberg 
Leland Stanford 
H. Notingham 
C P. Huntington 
S. B. Reed 
F. D. Richards 
P. McGrue 
John Dull 

T. P. "Woodward 
J. R. Arlams 
' takes Ames 
Judge Gal wood 
J. H. Sftrobridge 
Pidney i tillon 


Gen. Cogswell 



George P. Parsons 



Edgar Mills 



Gen. Geo. W. Dodge 



Hon. Milton S. Latham 



Mark Hopkins 



Miss Earl 



Miss Annie Reed 



Judge E. B. Crocker 



Charles Crocker 



P. S. Montague 



T. D. Judah 



L. M. Clement 


Eli Oennison 

Col. T. IT. Head 
A. P. K. Safford 
E B. Redding 
Charles Carlwalader 
Adolph Steiner 
S. W. Sanderson 
A. N. Towne 
Geo. E. Gray 
John Casement 
Hon. T. G. Phelps 
Capt. Franklin 
Hon. A. A. Sai gent 

j HIS MEMORABLE painting by Thomas Hill, 
representing the driving of the last spike 
that united the Central Pacific Railroad and 
the Union Pacific Railroad at Ogden, Utah, 
commemorates the greatest historical event 
in transportation on the continent, the union 
of tracks between the Atlantic and the Pa- 
cific seaboards. The time of travel between 
the two seaboards was greatly reduced and settlement was 
given an immense impetus. 

Stanford, Huntington, Crocker and Hopkins were the "Big 
Four" that conceived this enterprise, and brought it to a suc- 
cessful ending after years of daily struggle that would have ex- 
hausted the patience and spirit of ordinary men. Huntington 
looked after the interests of the company in Congress. Crocker 
with his tremendous energy forced the construction of rails over 
the snow-crested Sierras, and across the burning deserts of Ne- 
vada and Utah. Stanford kept his energies on the main points 
leading to success, and with Hopkins attended to the financing. 
That pioneer railroad line of the middle '60's formed the basis 
of the present gigantic Southern Pacific system with tracks grid- 
ironing the entire West, and dipping deep into the southern mid- 
continent, one of the biggest railroad systems on the continent. 
The connection of the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific 
bridged the 2,000 miles to the Missouri river, and the four to 
six months time taken by the overland pioneers was reduced 
to six days. At once the Pacific States were transformed, and 
Western life gradually caught up with the life and aspirations 
of the East. 

A transcontinental railroad had been dreamed of as early 
as 1836. From time to time it was suggested by visionaries 
and discussed by the orators and newspapers of the '40's and 
'50's. In 1853 Congress expehded $150,000 in hunting a feas- 
ible route. Surveys were made from time to time. The Cali- 
fornia Legislature took a hand in 1855-6. fearing that Congress 
might relax its energies, and urged a speedy construction of a 
railroad, but the jealousy of politicians delayed the initiative. 
Meanwhile short line railroads were developing in the Middle 
West. Some of these united, and systems there began to 

Leland Stanford is generally given credit for the initiative in 
starting the enterprise. In passing the store of Collis P. Hunt- 
ington in Sacramento, one day. he noticed one of the huge 
freight wagons being loaded for the arduous haul over the 
Sierras into Nevada. Traffic was developing rapidly, and he 
realized that a better carrier and faster service was demanded. 
He and Huntington talked the matter over. Mark Hopkins and 
Charles Crocker were drawn into the discussion; they all agreed 
that the time was come for a railroad connection with the East. 

Theodore Judah had surveyed a route over the Sierras and had 
peddled it about without being able to place it. He was sent 
for, and backed with money to go over the several surveyed 
routes known and select the best one. Meanwhile, the cor- 
poration organized with Leland Stanford as president, C. P. 
Huntington as vice-president, and Mark Hopkins as treasurer. 
Charles Crocker was a leading director, and the spirit of domi- 
nant energy in pressing construction through and over all ob- 

Action by the new organization was underway just as the 
opening of the Civil War was approaching a crisis. This fact 
greatly stimulated the chances to get a franchise from Congress. 
It was passed in the session of 1861-2. California was gener- 
ally recognized as a military necessity, and patriotism dictated 
quick action. The Union Pacific Company was born in this 
same period. To these corporations were given the right of 
way for a railroad from the Missouri river to the navigable 
rivers of the Pacific Ocean, with five alternate sections of land 
on either side of the track. United States six per cent cur- 
rency bonds to the amount of $16,000 to the mile, were issued 
to each company, which aid was doubled and trebled to cover 
certain difficult and mountainous portions of the road. Congress 
was quickly enlightened with the fact that this was impossible, 
because of no means of getting the rails to those outlying sec- 
tions. In 1864, Congress doubled the land grants, and au- 
thorized the two corporations to issue their own bonds to the 
extent of the government subsidy, and subordinating the lien 
of its own bonds to the bonds of the company. Under these 
conditions, both railroads were completed, each working ex- 
peditiously in order to extend trackage and get the emoluments 

The "Big Four" who started the Central Pacific pooled their 
fortunes for the enterprise, and thereby raised $400,000. With 
this as a basis, they attempted to sell stock, but nobody would 
invest. Residents said the railroad would never be built over 
the Sierras. The first ground was broke January 8, 1863, at the 
foot of K street, Sacramento, and the struggle began. 

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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 


With a View of the Life, the Customs and Some of the Leading Residents 


Historian, Lincoln Grammar School Association, Member Advisory Committee California Historical Survey Commission 

HAT manner of town was this, our San Fran- 
cisco, sixty years ago when the News Letter 
was born? 

It is not the purpose of this article to 
sketch, even briefly, the great world-changes 
resulting from the discovery of gold in Cali- 
fornia, or the interesting circumstances of 
our city's growth prior to 1856. We must 
place ourselves in the position of a newly arrived visitor from 
"the States," who has come hither on the then new side- 
wheel steamship "Orizaba." 

The little ten year old city was a strange looking place, with 
its well devised and constructed edifices, the equals of similar 
ones in hundred-years-old cities of the Atlantic seaboard, and 
its hurriedly built structures of wood and sheet iron which ad- 
joined them. 

True, the beginning of a settlement on the beautiful little 
Yerba Buena Cove had been made in 1836, when Jacob Primer 
Leese celebrated the completion of his home and warehouse 
and the American 4th of July (on Mexican soil) by hoisting the 
flag of the United States and inviting all the Mexican popula- 
tion for miles around the bay to his merry-making. The little 
hamlet that had grown around this nucleus was known as Yerba 
Buena. That name was in use even after Captain Montgomery, 
on July 8th, hoisted the flag of our country on the Plaza flag 
pole. In January, 1847, by ordinance the name of the ambitious 
settlement was officially changed from Yerba Buena to San 
Francisco. Hence, for our present purpose we may say the city 
was ten years old. 

The topographical features of the northern end of the penin- 
sula impressed all who came hither by steamer. For days they 
had caught occasional glimpses of an uninteresting Californian 
coast. They had been no more impressed with California's 
scenic beauties than had those earlier navigators of Spain. 
Like the prudent maiden, California does not display her 
charms to the casual passer, but saves and cherishes them for 
the expected lover. As the "Orizaba" neared her destined port, 
low headlands, at whose feet the waves broke in spray, were 
discerned. Wide expanses of yellowish drifting sands stretched 
inland, driven by the wind's action, and repeating the forms of 
the waves that had brought them to the shore. All were on deck 
as the steamer entered the Golden Gate. All eyes eagerly 
skanned the welcome shores of a new land of endeavor. The 
treeless slopes of the Presidio were grass covered in their gar- 
niture of green. Along the gulches low-growing oaks and lilacs 
in darker hue accentuated contour lines, while in open spaces 
lupin bushes were richly colored with early bloom. On slope 
and in dell great splotches of red and yellow and blue wild- 
flower masses arrested the eye. On moister stretches masses 
of native iris grew. Slowly the "Orizaba" pas.sed the little 
settlement at North Beach, where Harry Meiggs had built his 
wharf, and where mail was sent ashore. 

Telegraph Hill arrested attention with its observatory main- 
tained by the jewelers, Barrett & Sherwood, that they might ac- 
curately adjust the chronometers of captains who navigated 
waters not too thoroughly charted. The dangerously eddying 
waters around Blossom Rock were not noticed by the passengers 
who eagerly looked upon the pretty cottages on the slopes of 
Telegraph Hill, among which was the home of the actor, Junius 
Brutus Booth, who was stage manager of the Metropolitan 
Theatre on Montgomery street, near Washington. Years later 
his brother, Edwin, established his reputation on the boards of 
a San Francisco play-house. Quietly the steamer glided past 
North Point, rounded Clark's Point (near the present corner of 
Battery street and Broadway), and disclosed a view of the city 
as she approached her wharf. 

On the right was the mass of Telegraph Hill, and on the left 
Rincon Hill, where the homes of the Forbes, Griffith, Babcock 

and other prominent families formed the center of social life. 
Down nearer Rincon Point stood the recently completed hand- 
some brick United States Marine Hospital, of which Dr. H. H. 
Toland, who later would found the "Toland Medical College," 
was Physican and Surgeon. The little city nestled at the foot 
of high hills on whose eastern slopes strange looking houses 
clung like swallows' nests beneath the eaves of the barn "back 
home." Streets laid out at right angles to each other were in 
all conditions of "improvement" from trail to thoroughfare. On 
these hills the scrub-oaks, similar to those nearer the Golden 
Gate, had disappeared before the fuel wants of earlier comers, 
and drifting sand was quiescent only when the winds did not 
blow. The foreground of the picture was filled v/ith irregularly 
constructed private wharves, mostly the extensions to deep 
water of streets which at their other ends wandered up over the 
hills and were lost. Along the sides of these wharves all man- 
ner of craft were fastened, discharging or taking on cargo. 
Some of these, like the "Antelope," had been ocean steamers, 
but recently converted into river boats similar to those then 
plying on the Hudson and Mississippi. In those days Captain 
Poole had no difficulty in reaching Sacramento in a deep sea 
ship. The snags and bars in the river were only incidents of 
the passage. This "Antelope," with her "state-room and sleep- 
ing accommodations for 150 cabin passengers," was but one of 
a considerable fleet of similar vessels by which the adventurous 
traveler might reach Sacramento whence, from the Orleans 
Hotel (still standing), the California Stage Company "run 
daily lines of coaches communicating with all the interior 
towns and mines." 

Out in the stream other craft were resting from their buffet- 
ing trip around Cape Horn and mustering courage and crews to 
again venture its gales. Within the line of pier heads were still 
other craft — a motley multitude of earlier arrivals — within 
whose confined cabins "gold seekers" had impatiently cursed 
the fate that had denied them passage in speedier craft, while 
they feared all California's golden store would be gathered ere 
their vessels reached the journey's end. Deserted by passengers 
and crews, these vessels, anchored in shallow water, were util- 
ized as store-ships when warehouses on shore were few. One 
had been bought by the municipality and fitted up as a jail. 
Others had served as foundations for saloons and hotels. All 
were connected with the wharves by plank walks, while gradu- 
ally the space around them was "filled in" with sand from 
newly "graded" streets. Flimsy stores and houses bordered 
the sides of wharves at their shoreward ends. In one of these, 
Charles P. Kimball, whose untiring industry and enterprise had 
given the little town its first City Directory, published before it 
was known here that California had become a State of the 
American Union, had established his "Noisy Carriers Book and 
Stationery Co." Beneath these frail structures, at high tide, the 
waves swashed in rhythmic cadence. The passer-by knew 
when the tide was "out" through the sense of smell. Within 
the wharf area, where Fremont and Beale streets are now, the 
boys swam, unhampered by bathing suits, while from the win- 
dow of his father's cabin, back of the Union Iron Works, at 
First and Mission streets, youthful A. Harris fished for smelt 
and flounders. 

What a strange town was that, the San Francisco of 1856, in 
its speedy transition from a city of tents and shacks to one of 
brick and stone buildings, architecturally on a par with those 
of Atlantic seaboard cities, and its flimsy wooden and more 
pretentious sheet iron buildings filling in the spaces between. 
The idea of permanency had come to prosperous Argonauts, 
and some of the three story brick and granite buildings then 
erected endure to this present day, having survived, unimpaired, 
all San Francisco's trembling troubles and devastating fires as 
mute memorials to rational architecture and honest construc- 
tion. As the reader to-day passes down Montgomery street, let 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


him pause at the northwest corner of California street in front 
of the granite building erected in 1852, which so long was the 
headquarters of Wells Fargo & Co.'s Express and the Union 
Club, and stop again at the corner of Washington street to 
look upon the "Montgomery Block," built in 1853, and in which 
at different periods many of San Francisco's most noted men 
have had their offices, and where that part of the valuable Su- 
tro Library which escaped the fire of 1906 was housed. If his 
contemplation promotes thirst, the old "Bank Exchange," on the 
corner, a survivor of the earlier days, can be entered with im- 
punity and a modern purse. 

Our traveler of sixty years ago had ample opportunity in se- 
lection among nearly sixty hotels. Through the association of 
their names, these appealed for patronage. Among them we 
may mention: Brooklyn, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Germania, 
Isthmus, Keystone, Louisiana, Mobile Exchange, New Texas 
Queen City, St. Charles, St. Nicholas, Tammany Hall, United 
States and Western. The American then stood on Montgomery 
street, on the site in later years occupied by the Nevada Bank 
building. The Globe, kept by J. P. Schaefer, was at the corner 
of Dupont (Grant avenue) and Jackson streets. In its earlier 
days it was most popular, and in its later life was a swarming 
hive of Chinese till the fire of '06 removed it. Isaac Hillman 
kept "Hillman's Temperance House" at 80 and 82 Davis street 
in 1856. The International at Jackson and Kearny for a genera- 
tion was a profitable investment. Parrish & Wood conducted 
the Niantic, built on the hull of that old ship, on the corner of 
Clay and Sansome. "The Tehama House," kept by Geo. W. 
Frink, and noted in political annals, occupied the present site 
of the Bank of California. The fashionable Oriental of mine 
host A. Richardson, was at the corner of Bush and Battery, 
while a block away, at Bush and Sansome, Joseph Rasette pre- 
sided over the destinies of the equally noted "Rasette House," 
which, in later years, gave place to the sumptuous Cosmopolitan 
of the '60's. The St. Francis of the early period was at the cor- 
ner of Dupont and Clay. It differed from its later namesake. 
On the corner of Sacramento and Leidesdorff, R. B. Woodward 
was conducting his "What Cheer House," where he accumulated 
the money that made possible San Francisco's most loved pub- 
lic resort, "Woodward's Gardens," out on Mission street at the 
corner of Fourteenth. 

Those old time hotel men well understood the art of adver- 
tising. The "ad" of the Rail Road House, a four story brick 
building on Sacramento street, extending through to Commercial 
and near Front street, is worthy of preservation. "A First class 
hotel; fire proof; water and all modern improvements in every 
story. Situated centrally, and near the landings. The cheapest 
and best house on the Pacific, and capable of accommodating 
two hundred persons at one time. Single and double rooms, and 
the best of beds and bedding, always clean." The beautiful lit- 
tle locomotive on the weather vane above the tower of the 
building was the first one in California, and was a harbinger 
of the hoped for time when the city should be linked by rail 
with "the States." 

Our visitor of '56 found the spaces between the numerous 
hills designated by names, most of which are long since for- 
gotten. Out back of the Rasette House in the neighborhood of 
Mission and First streets was "Happy Valley," built up with 
pretty little homes, a school and church, and where Peter Dona- 
hue, at First and Mission, had his brass and iron works, and 
laid the foundation of the present Union Iron Works. With 
James and Michael Donahue, in 1849, Peter had established 
the first iron foundry in California. It was there that the gas 
works was located. Joseph G. Eastland was then secretary of 
that little enterprise. 

A little further on. and between First and Third, Folsom and 
Bryant streets, was "Pleasant Valley." Between Powell and 
Mason, opening down toward North Beach, was "Spring Val- 
ley." Out among the sand hills, at the present corner of Mar- 
ket and Powell streets, was "St. Ann's Alley," and on its slope, 
where the Emporium now stands. Father Maraschi, S. J., had 
built his little wooden church and one small school room, from 
which humble beginning the great church and University of St. 
Ignatius has grown. Perhaps an idea of the surroundings may 
be gathered when wc recall that the good Father employed a 
man for nearly two weeks to dig a depression in the sand hill 
back of his school, so the boys coming from Mission street 
might more easily reach the class room. The trade winds of 
summer did not approve of the work, and in an afternoon filled 

up the depression with sand. The boys climbed up and slid 
down as formerly. 

Out beyond the western limits of the surveyed city, beyond 
Larkin street, the furthest bound in that direction was "Wash- 
woman's Lake," around which much of the city's laundrying 
was done, and beside which the white sheets and pillow slips 
of ocean steamers dried in the westerly winds. 

On the triangular block bounded by McAllister, Market and 
Larkin streets, out in the sand hills, was Yerba Buena Ceme- 
tery. Its ample space had been nearly filled through a visitation 
of cholera. 

Two years earlier, Lone Mountain Cemetery (Laurel Hill), 
had been impressively dedicated. That was then a day's jour- 
ney distant from the city, and none dreamed the homes of the 
living would ever approach near it. 

Out in the country, "two miles S. W. of San Francisco," stood 
the landmark, Mission Dolores. Around it were clustered 
adobe houses and a little settlement, which was connected with 
the then city of San Francisco by plank roads on Mission and 
Folsom streets, crossing marshy stretches and passing interven- 
ing sand hills. Half hourly 'buses traversed these roads be- 
tween the Plaza and the Mansion House, which had been es- 
tablished in an outlying building of the old Mission. 

Over near South Beach, on the block bounded by Third 
Second, Bryant and Brannan streets, George Gordon had lo- 
cated South Park on "the only level spot of equal area free from 
sand within the city limits." A public garden, 75 by 550 feet, 
had been laid out in the center, "surrounded by an ornamental 
iron railing," around which run avenues forty feet wide. Bor- 
dering these avenues two story brick houses had been erected. 
The brick for each was made from the clay excavated from its 
basement. An old announcement says : "Water is obtainable at 
a depth of 25 feet. The general situation of South Park is one 
of great beauty and salubrity. Omnibus lines run to it every ten 
minutes." The real estate boomer was living in San Francisco 
when our tourist of '56 reached here ! 

That statement of water at a depth of 25 feet was not with- 
out its charm to old settlers, who still obtained water peddled 
around town in carts at twenty-five cents a bucket. Wells and 
windmills were not uncommon in different parts of the city, 
while artesian wells were also utilized. At the San Francisco 
Steam Sugar Refinery, on the corner of Harrison and Price 
(8th) streets, two artesian wells discharged 70,000 gallons of 
water daily five feet above the surface of the ground. A writer 
in 1856 says : "The want of an abundant supply of pure, soft 
water for household purposes, to say nothing of its importance 
in other respects, is certainly a serious evil in this city. Noth- 
ing speaks so convincingly of the purity of the atmosphere of 
this locality as the absence of anything like pestilential dis- 
eases, notwithstanding the accumulations of filth and garbage 
in the numerous courts of the city and the horrible state of many 
of the slips and docks. Very much of this filth is justly charge- 
able to the scarcity of water, which, purchased by the bucket, is 
loo expensive to be used except for the indispensable purposes 
of drinking, cooking and very slight lavations. The organiza- 
tions formed with a view to meet this requirement seem to be 
too much embarrassed with objects of private speculation to 
subserve adequately the necessities of the public, in this most 
vital matter. Steps should be taken at an early day to make 
such provision as is required, and to retain a proper control of 
it in the hands of the people." It may be stated, incidentally, 
that the San Francisco Water Works, organized to supply water 
trom Lobos Creek, was incorporated in June, 1857, and was 
later absorbed into the Spring Valley Water Works, which was 
incorporated in June, 1858. Our present magnificent Hetch- 
Hetchy supply of pure and abundant mountain water was, in 
'56, an achievement far remote. 

The Civic Center of the San Francisco of 1856 was Ports- 
mouth Square, or, as it was more generally known. "The Plaza." 
Facing it, on Kearny street, stood the City Hall. This had ori- 
ginally been the Jenny Lind Theatre, built by Thomas Maguire, 
with a seating capacity of two thousand. In 1852 the munici- 
pality purchased it, and altering the interior for city uses, oc- 
cupied it until the completion of the building on McAllister and 
Larkin streets. When the supervisors had refused to pay the 
city's gas bills, and the gas company had removed nearly all 
the "lanterns" from the gas posts on the streets, and turned 
off the gas from the City Hall, the city "dads," each with a 

(Continued to Page 44) 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Early Experiences of Harmon Bell in Gaining an Education 

jOME men there are whose names become nat- 
urally linked with the locality in which they 
live and serve socially, professionally or in 
a business capacity. They are, as it were, 
a sign-token of the standing of that commu- 
nity, the representatives of its progress and 
aspirations. Character, the world around, is 
the minted value of individuals as well as of 
nations. Some men of this character seem to be cast by Provi- 
dence to work in one community ; others there are who seem to 
have a broader vision of humanity and its aims, and accord- 
ingly are cast for wider spheres of influence. Such a man was 
Dr. Samuel Bell, father of Harmon Bell, the well known attor- 
ney of Oakland. Dr. Bell traced his ancestry far beyond the 
Revolutionary period, where members of the family distin- 
guished themselves. Even in his childhood days the Bells were 
pioneers not only in founding towns and institutions, but in 
mental advancement and 
social betterment. This 
characteristic was notable 
in the life of Dr. Bell him- 
self. He was a pioneer 
Presbyterian minister of the 
State (1852), and erected 
the first church of his de- 
nomination in Oakland. 
Among other lateral oppor- 
tunities he became a leader 
with others in founding the 
old California College, an 
institution that later blos- 
somed into the present vig- 
orous and thriving Univer- 
sity of California. His 
steadfast and conscientious 
endeavor in this great work 
was crowned when, as a 
member of the State Legis- 
lature, he introduced the 
bill which transformed his 
early college into a State 
institution. With him 
throughout all his experi- 
ence in traveling about this 
country from the Pacific 
Coast to the Atlantic sea- 
board, was his devoted 
helpmate and steadfast co- 
operator, Sophie Wads- 
worth Bell, also a daughter 
of pioneer stock and a wo- 
man of his kindred spirit 
and aspirations. 

Young Bell was born in 
Oakland several years af- 
ter the family located there 
in 1852. There he had his 
first schooling, making him 
one of the early Native 
Sons of the Golden West. 
This schooling was of a 
transient kind for awhile, 

on account of periodical travels of the family due to pastoral 
calls. However, his wise father developed the knack of finding 
calls in cities where there were academies and colleges of high 
standing, in which young Bell obtained unusual advantages. 
Oddly enough, the itinerary of the family reached Oakland at 
the time when young Bell was preparing to round off his 
schooling, and he graduated at Washington College, Alameda. 
A little later the family were on their travels again, and young 
Bell took up the study of the law somewhat on the same "trav- 
eling plan" that marked his school days. At twenty-two, he 
was studying Blackstone in Mansfield, 0., in the offices of Der- 
lan & Lehman. A year later he was deep in law books in the 
office of Judge Turner Gill, in Kansas City. In 1878 came the 

^Bl <* 



>^fl fefew. 

l) S4 


Harmon Bell 

day of his dreams, and he was admitted to practice. 

Three years later he was a member of the Missouri State 
Legislature, where he picked up a fund of experience in the 
ways of law makers and law making. With all the rounded ex- 
periences he had gained in traveling over the country with his 
parents, and meeting all kinds of people of various character 
and attainments, he acquired a well rounded comprehension of 
human endeavor and human nature. 

In 1898 he returned to California, and naturally settled down 
in Oakland, the city of his earliest aspirations. As a boy he 
had caught its spirit, and as a man he naturally became part of 
it. During the days of his travels he had noted the great im- 
portance in the business world of real estate and corporations, 
and when practice came hir way he began to specialize in 
them. In both he was quickly recognized as an expert of rare 
judgment. Knowing Oakland's trend of interest and aspira- 
tions as a municipality so well, he easily and early took a lead- 
ing part in the Greater 
Oakland movement. He 
also took a prominent part 
in the establishment of the 
Key Route system, the com- 
pany that made Oakland 
the greatest residential cen- 
ter on San Francisco bay, 
and the company that put it 
on the business map of the 
West. His law firm, Bell, 
Bell & Smith, has charge of 
all cases in which the Trac- 
tion and Key Route com- 
panies and the Realty Syn- 
dicate, with its extraordi- 
nary extensive land hold- 
ings, all allied corporations, 
are interested. 

In 1880, Harmon Bell 
married Katherine Wilson, 
a member of a prominent 
pioneer family. The two 
children, Trayler W. and 
Joseph S. Bell, are follow- 
ing close on the heels of 
their father and grand- 
father in "doing things that 
count." Trayler W. is al- 
ready in active practice in 
Oakland, and is rapidly at- 
taining the Bell gait in ac- 
quiring a practice of solid 
character. The family re- 
sides in Oakland, where 
Bell senior is an active 
member of the Claremont 
and Athenian Clubs, as 
well as of the leading 
clubs of San Francisco 
He is a prominent Mason, a 
Knight Shriner, Templar, 
Mystic Shriner and Elk, 
and naturally a Native Son 
of the Golden West. 
All of which shows that down through the generations a con- 
stant purpose runs, as is evidenced in the healthy and substan- 
tial families of a community. Evidence of this character may 
readily be found among the many prominent families of Oak- 
land who have given their time and best efforts to making Oak- 
land a strong and forceful community. The stimulation given 
the residents of the little town in the early '50's by such in- 
spiring men as Dr. Bell has pulsated down through the genera- 
tions, with spirits of like character contributing their quota 
from time to time, and to-day their character and work have 
stamped a distinct and lasting impress on the community. 

That spirit is strongly reflected in the University of California 
and the high standing of the schools in that county. 

Photo bj R E s 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



A Declaration of the Principles of the San Francisco "News 
Letter," Addressed to Political Parties that Be and Wish to Be. 

\f*M\ EVEN years have gone by since the News Letter pub- 
|M| lished to its subscribers a statement of its principles. 
^ During that period everything connected with this jour- 
nal has been changed. Old type has worn out and new type 
bought in its place, and so with the presses, machinery and im- 
plements connected with its weekly production. And if physi- 
ologists knew then our science, even ourselves are no longer the 
same, but all of our corporeal nature, foul muscle, tissue and 
integument is of a formation less ancient than seven years ago. 
But our mind is unchanged. If we are older, we are simply 
more set in our ways. And as it is with our mental structure, so 
is it with the principles of the journal over which we preside. 
They are as immutable as time. But all of our readers of seven 
years ago are not now extant, or being extant, are not in condi- 
tion to appreciate us as we wish to be appreciated. Some have 
become poor, fleeced by the exactions of the Bulletin and Alta, 
and thank God poor people don't read the News Letter. Others 
have died and gone to Heaven, where all readers of the News 
Letter go. In many instances citizens have suffered from not 
knowing that we were, to step down from our usually elegant 
and classic English to the vulgar but expressive phraseology of 
the period, "on it." As a consequence of the ignorance of us 
they have, when attempting to carry out some swindling scheme, 
passed us by, and have spent their money in purchasing the in- 
fluence of inefficient journals like the Chronicle and the Call, 
when, in fact, the News Letter could have been induced to favor 
the thing for the same or even less sums than those wasted upon 
newspapers of no character and less talent. While in the mean- 
time we have been obliged, as mere measures of self-protection, 
to come down upon the nascent enterprise, and to crush it with 
the weight of our irresistible invective — not only destroying the 
scheme, but impairing, by the weight of obloquy cast upon the 
promoters, their availability as the movers of future enterprises 
having public or private plunder for the objective point. 

All of this might in most instances have been avoided by a 
more general knowledge diffused throughout the community of 
our true position and actual views. For the benefit, therefore, 
of all gentlemen meditating designs of a predatory character, 
whether the object be to reach that end through political manip- 
ulation and official statute, so as to steal the public treasure on 
right or private frauds, with its ever varying and delightful 
ramification, we suggest to all, seek the News Letter as the 
initiatory step. Don't flounder about the offices of the Bulletin 
and Chronicle because they may appear to be cheap, for any 
difference in amount will be only in appearance, since when 
measured by results everything is in our favor. Until we have 
been obliged to commit ourselves against you, and perhaps 
hopelessly smash you, thus requiring double inducement to re- 
consider the subject, and treble reasoning to overcome opinions 
already fixed, and quadruple efforts to extricate you when con 
vinced, but come at once freely, frankly and ingenuously, and 
"pungle" before it is too late. In order never again to be mis- 
understood, we once more publish our Declaration of Principles. 
The News Letter is for coin, not "contingent," but "cold up." 
Not to make us do wrong for that we never have done and never 
will do nil He ne live, but to render our mind active and search- 
ing to quicken our pen, to make our logic convincing, our sen- 
tences incisive, our words cutting. These things money alone 
will do. We have tried earlier in life all other stimulants, ton- 
ics and intellectual motors, and find money the only one pos- 
sessing the smallest modicum of virtue. Therefore, money we 
must have, or we fight everything and everybody. Our princi- 
ples are admirably typified by our "cash box," a faithful and ac- 
rurate representation of which heads the article. Look at it, 
everybody, and ponder. We have no religion of our own. but 
adopt the religion of our friends. We have no politics; we are 
independent. We are for those elected, and after them, closely- 

watching that they do their duty. Occupying an independent 
and fearless position, we are free to expose and prosecute 
wrongs, and to uphold and protect the right. If you want our 
influence before election, give us the needful guarantees of your 
honest intentions and good faith that you will protect the just 
cause no matter what countrymen they may be, that you will 
be ever watchful and vigilant as our public servant, that you 
will not steal more than you can put your hands on, and all else 
shall be safe, and have our protection. All this being first done, 
you will have our protection and influence. 

— From San Francisco News Letter, May 10, 1S73. 


A very holy sham is the Priest of Notre Dame, his religion is 
almost illegal : 

He adores the golden calf in a way to make one laugh, and he 
worships a double eagle. 

A parishioner arrived, and being duly shrived, he imparted to 
the Abbe his commission : 

"I want my baby christened," here the padre's eyeballs glis- 
tened, as he made a mental sum in addition. 

"There is only one objection to the sacrament's perfection, and 
I pray you tell me father if 'tis real : 

The one that I would rather to be my child's godfather is de- 
scended from the children of Israel." 

"He cannot be a sponsor," was the Abbe's ready answer. "Do 
you want your little baby to be damned ? 

But stop a little minute, I'll consult the canon on it, and discover 
how the matter can be planned. 

"I find that it will cost, to appease the Holy Ghost, quite a hand- 
some little sum for absolution. 

So pungle more than twenty, for I know that he has plenty, and 
we'll put the little rite in execution." 

So they stood before the altar, and the Hebrew didn't falter, 
but he promised to regenerate the babby; 

In the fullness of his joy. as he kissed the darling boy, he passed 
another eagle to the Abbe. 

It glowed within his palm as he sang the ending psalm, then his " 
voice woke the beadle from his torpor : 

"I can't take it,, sir, from you, an unbelieving Jew, but I'll drop 
it in the box for the pauper." 

— From San Francisco News Letter, Jan. 24, 1874. 



K"a|N '50 the lid was off in gambling. A half dollar was 
P " about the lowest coin in circulation. A copper, dime or 
5c. piece was a curio. For any small service nothing 
lower than 50c. was given. Entrance to the pit in the circus was 
$3. Plain board $30 a week. A hearty meal cost from $2 to 
$5, according to quality of viands. Wheat flower was $40 a 
bbl.; potatoes and brown sugar, 37' 2 cents a pound; a small loaf 
of bread, 50c. Coarse boots were $30 to $40 per pair; supe- 
rior boots were $100. Laborers received $1 per hour, and 
skilled mechanics from $12 to $20 per day. The carpenters 
struck because they were getting only $12 per day, and de- 
manded $16. Every brick in a house was estimated at $1 to 
get in there in construction. Lumber was quoted at $500 per 
1,000 feet. Rents were correspondingly enormous. Three 
thousand dollars per month was demanded for a store of very 
limited dimensions. The Parker House, comparatively small, 
brought its owners a rental of $120,000 per year. Gamblers on 
the second floor contributed $60,000 of this amount. The El- 
dorado gambling house next door, a canvas tent of moderate 
size, earned $40,000 a year for its owners. Money was loaned 
at a rate ranging from 8 to 15 per cent per month on gilt edge 
security, and paid in advance. Real estate values advanced 
amazingly. Old 50 vara lots, bought at $12 each, arose in value 
to thousands of dollars, some of them selling at $10,000 each. 
These lots laid the fortunes of many millionaires. 

Captain and Commandante Jose Joaquin Moraga, who 

selected the sites and helped to found both the Presidio and 
the Mission Dolores on this peninsula in 1776, lies buried in the 
old Mission Dolores, where his dust still rests. He was the 
discoverer of the San Joaquin River, and was an impelling force 
in the foundation period of the Spaniards in and around the 
bay of San Francisco. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916 

James E. Fenton and His Successful Career 

H~~ RACTICALLY the en- 
tire Pacific Coast 

north of the San 

Diego line is the field of 
James E. Fenton in attend- 
ing to his law practice. The 
reason is plain. When eight 
years of age he accompanied 
his parents on a grilling six 
months trip across the plains 
in 1865 behind an ox-team. 
They settled in Oregon, and 
young Fenton ranged through 
the various schools so success- 
fully that he left them a full- 
fledged principal. Then he 
attacked the law, and was 
given a desk in the Salem of- 
fice of W. F. Ramsey, now jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of 
Oregon. Two years after he 
was admitted to the bar, he 
hung out his shingle in Eu- 
gene, Ore. His happy knack 
of impressing his clients with 
confidence, backed by his ap- 
titude in winning decisions, 
his cheerful temperament, at- 
tractive personality and level- 
headedness paved the way to 
further success, and he moved 
to Spokane, Wash., and en- 
tered into partnership with his 
brother, Charles R. Fenton, 
with whom he was later asso- 
ciated in the big land grant 
cases between the government 
and the Southern Pacific Com- 
pany. He entered the politi- 
cal field, and in 1892 captured 

James E. Fenton. 

Photo by Hartsook 

the office of Prosecuting At- 
torney of Spokane. His suc- 
cess was notable, and his 
party made him a delegate to 
the historical Democratic con- 
vention of 1898. Two years 
later he was tendered the 
nomination to Congress from 
Washington, but he declined. 
Many of his friends in Cali- 
fornia and Washington had 
joined the Nome rush, and 
they urged him to come there 
and handle their litigation in 
the big mining suits then 
pending. One of his biggest 
cases was that of the rich 
placer property known as No. 
1 on Daniels Creek, in which 
$1,000,000 was involved. The 
Glacier Bench case involved 
$500,000. Five years of this 
strenuous life and lucrative 
rractice filled him with yearn- 
ings for California, and he 
ocened offices here in San 
Francisco, continuing in touch 
the while with his many old 
friends and clients in Oregon, 
Washington and Alaska. 

The only jump he made was 
immediately after the big fire 
of 1906, when he located in 
Seattle for a time. Two years 
later he was called to Seattle 
by the Southern Pacific Co., 
to take a hand in the import- 
ant litigation over what is 
known as the Oregon land 


EETWEEN 1839 and 1847, when a survey was made of 
Yerba Buena by Alcalde Haro, there was very little 
inquiry for town lots. When the principal parts of the 
village of Yerba Buena were laid out in fifty vara lots, 450 o£ 
which were applied for and sold at the absurdly low price of 
$12 each, to which was added a $4 charge for the deed and re- 
cording, a total cost to the purchaser of $16. In addition to 
these 50 vara lots there were also sold lots of 100 varas square 
for $25 each, plus the usual sum exacted for the deed and re- 
cording. This transference of the pueblo lands to private owner- 
ship resulted in stimulating improvements. Subsequently sales 
were made suggestive of fraud, in which the authorities were 
accused of participating. In one instance a batch of lots were 
sold at $1,000 apiece, the money being pocketed by the man 
making the sale, who fled when the irregularities were discov- 

Those rascalities, and others equally flagrant, were later con- 
doned by legislative enactment, which confirmed titles without 
giving much consideration to their legal status, the para- 
mount desire being to remove the clouds which the taint of 
fraud threw over all conveyances. As a consequence of this 
loose method, there followed a period during which squatters 
asserted that they had a right to settle on any unoccupied lands. 
The squatter, who oftener than otherwise, was a hired person 
ready to risk his life for some one who had "staked him," gen- 
erally belonged to the turbulent class. The daily press persist- 
ently urged that property should be placed on a permanent 
basis of sound title. 


Ipll ECURITY is the Gibraltar of Insurance. Companies 
I Nil I come and companies go, but the standard companies are 
those that can guarantee substantial success. They are 
the bulwark of their calling. They are the ones that have made 
insurance the life preserver of business ventures against fire, 
marine transportation against loss and the salvation of families. 
To insure in such companies is an asset covering any risk in the 
future, as was plentifully illustrated in the big fire of 1906. Take 
for instance the long established and widely known local firm of 
Christensen & Goodwin, representing five ideal big insurance 
companies possessing the enviable record of never having had 
a complaint from any policyholder on their books regarding 
dilatory payment, and with a record of no suit ever having been 
brought against them. They represent five titanic companies in 
the insurance world : American Central Fire Insurance Com- 
pany of St. Louis, St. Paul Fire Insurance Company of St. 
Paul, Mercantile Fire & Marine Underwriters, Minnesota Un- 
derwriters, the Lloyds Plate Glass Insurance Company of New 

The five companies represent total assets of $16,000,000, 
and part of this $16,000,000 is behind the individuals who in- 
sure with them. That $16,000,000 stands for stability and a 
guarantee of prompt payment, a showing that is being illus- 
trated practically every week in their business. After the big 
fire of 1906 the company paid out within a short time and with- 
out a single quibble or lawsuit, $5,000,000. This promptness has 
given Christensen Si Goodwin the enviable reputation they en- 
joy on the Pacific Coast. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


A California Dealer in Gilt-Edge Securities and] [Lands 

(HE CRYING need of California is a genius 
who has the ability, the indomitable perse- 
verance and resourcefulness to cut up and 
sell the widely stretching lands of Califor- 
nia. It is a gargantuan feat, and some of 
the native Californians who have grown up 
with this problem and realize its significance 
have made notable progress of late in the 
right direction. Among them is William H. Byington, Jr., a 
Native Son, and a man who has acquired a wide reputation in 
financial circles, East and West, as a dealer in gilt-edge 

Byington was born, April, 1882, in Downieville, Sierra 
County. Seven years later the family moved to this city, but 
young Byington, in that brief seven years had already absorbed 
a workable sense of the countryside that remained ingrained 
in his mind. He went through the local schools like any other 
youngster of his age and gradu- 
ated in 1901 from Lowell High. 
The spirit and measure of the 
lad at that time can be gauged 
by the fact that he did not shilly- 
shally around waiting for a fat 
and easy job coming his way. 
He captured a place in the law 
department of the Southern Pa- 
cific Company, and was put to 
work adjusting damage claims. 
This brought him into contact 
with all kinds of people, and the 
lad quickly became a fine and 
discriminating judge of charac- 
ter. For five years he combed 
and investigated damage suits, 
and argued over compromises. 
Then came the opportune day 
when his business brought him 
in contact with a new calling, 
selling bonds. The more he 
studied stocks and bonds the 
more he became interested. The 
simple reason was that his mind 
and senses were ever alert and 
in complete harmony with the 
business of selling bonds. 

His employment in adjusting 
damage claims had made him 
thoroughly and intimately con- 
nected with two immensely im- 
portant acquirements : a fine 
sense of values and a penetrat- 
ing sense in reading character. 
His success in selling bonds was 
instantaneous and widespread. 
After a few preliminary tryouts 
in the local field he caught his 
gait, and in a remarkably short 
period was selling high class 
California securities in New York, Boston, Washington, D. C, 
Philadelphia and other Eastern financial centers. 

His remarkable success attracted the attention of several 
California financiers, and some six years ago they made him 
a proposition to handle a big tract of the rich delta land in 
San Joaquin County. The project represented $1,750,000; the 
details and executive problems to be worked out were left with 
young Byington, and developments were speedily underway. 
One of the biggest California land deals turned over to him 
was that of a syndicate of capitalists who chipped $3,000,000 
into the pot for the purpose of taking over Truxton Beale's 
275,000 acres in the Tejon ranch, stretching for miles in Kern 
and Los Angeles Counties. Byington had the money at hand, 
and went to Washington to consummate the deal, but Beale re- 
fused the offer. 

About this time there was a boom in the organization and 
capitalization of oil companies. Byington, with his natural en- 

William H. Byington, ]r 

thusiasm and untiring industry, plunged whole hearted into the 
business of marketing the bonds of the biggest companies. For 
a year or more this proved a very lucrative field. But the in- 
sidious financial influences occasioned by the approaching big 
European war were beginning to be felt subtly. When that 
thunderclap sounded, Byington took to cover like the other big 
dealers in the gilt securities game. Several very lucrative deals 
were sagaciously buoyed for him by able financiers, and later 
brought safely to success following the first financial flurry 
over the declaration of war. One of these several deals is so 
promising that it is being coddled in hopes that it may outlast 
the present effects of the war and reach materialization. In 
this deal Mr. Byington interested $2,500,000 of French capital 
in a promising project located in the San Joaquin Valley. The 
war has recalled the French representatives, but Byington and 
his co-workers are still carefully nursing the prjoect so that it 
may be resumed after the war. Personally, Mr. Byington has 

big ideas of the glorious pros- 
pects of California. Accordingly 
he is investing heavily in Cali- 
fornia lands and lending all his 
power to the development of the 

There is a vast amount of con- 
fused thinking about the burden 
of the indebtedness, which in all 
the warring countries is held 
mainly at home. If we were to 
conceive that the value of all 
payments upon this indebtedness 
had to be gathered up in the pro- 
ducts of the fields and workshops 
and burned, we would then have 
the idea that is commonly enter- 
tained about their oppressive in- 
fluences. But nothing of this 
kind is to occur. The payment 
of indebtedness does not extin- 
guish the capital transferred. It 
only changes ownership, and is 
as much a factor in the commu- 
unity for investment, for the em- 
ployment of labor, and for the 
support of enterprise and trade, 
as before. The losses of the war 
do not occur when the debts are 
paid; they occurred when the 
original expenditures were made. 
In the case of Great Britain, if 
the people of that country have 
as large an income in the aggre- 
gate, outside the holdings of war 
loans, as they had before the 
war, it is evident that what they 
receive as debtor-holders will 
be new income, and will offset 
their new taxation, leaving them 
with about the same net income 
as before the war. It will signify that the war was carried on 
out of current income, and this policy of "pay as we go" has 
been publicly announced several times by the Secretary of the 
Exchequer. The same is true of Germany, which is practically 
self-supporting during the war. 

For reasons of this character, many of the big capitalists of 
this country expect extensive developments throughout the lead- 
ing countries of the world, following the close of the war; new 
constructive idea, new enterprises and a wider expansion of 
team work in exploiting and financing new requirements to meet 
the changed conditions. For these reasons Mr. Byington and 
other capitalists and promoters interested in the development 
of the State and nation are cheerfully shaping their plans to 
meet these new and profitable demands. Mr. Byington married 
early, 1907, at the time that his quick mind visualized the big 
success before him in marketing gilt-edge securities. His 
daughter, five years old, and his wife bind his home life. 

Photo by Hartsook 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 







Elsewhere In thla Issue i^ a reproduction "! an advertisement ol 

tiii-- c pa .\ wiii h appeared in the "News Letter" "t* Noven bi r 

5th, 1856. The Company had then been doing business In California 
threi MacKinlay, Garrloch & Co., Ca llfornla and Leides- 

dorft streets, were the agents. The ad, said: "We are authorized 
to settle all losses here. The Company will ever distinguish Itself 


In 1906 tli-- "Royal" preeminently "DISTINGUISHED Itself hy 
pi omptness In thi of i lalms." 

The "Royal' ■■■ Id in cash without discount on ram- 
pletion of satisfactory proofs, The Chamber of Coi irce, con- 
cern mg i ments, said. 

"The ' Royal ' settled its claims at 

one hundred per cent. ( 1 0095). 

The "Royal" now own. and occupl gnincent office build- 

ing at the Northwest corner ol Pine and Sansome Sis. Associated 
with it ar< the Queen Insurance Company of America and the 

1 ■ . . ol New York. These companies transact 

b -■ icral business. 

ROLLA V. WATT. Pacific Coast Manager 


Fire, Earthquake, Automobile, Personal Accident, 

Liability, Workmen's Compensation, Plate Glass, 

Burglary and Surety Bond 


London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Co., Ltd 


Incorporated 1861 
Total Available Assets - - - $34,836,748.28 

Assets in United States - - 4,904,654.92 

Orient Insurance Company 


Incorporated 1867 


London and Lancashire Indemnity Company 


Or>runizt'<i Under tli<- Laws of the State ol New York. Incorporated January 1915 
Assets ..... $2,316,084.82 

Pacific Coast Department 

332 Pine Street, San Francisco 

SAM B. STOY, Manager 

Geo. Ormond Smith, Agency Supl. Wm. B. Hopkins, Local Secly. 





Packed by 





Union Trust Company 

Junction of Market and O'Farrell Sts. and Grant Ave. 

ISAIAS W. HELLMAN. Chairman ol Ihe Board 

I. \v. Hellman, Jr. President 
(•has, J. DEERING. Vli ■ i 

II. VAN LUVBN, Cashier 


''I I \s DU PARC As>l Cash! 
W. C. FIFE, Asst. Cashier 
II <; UARSH, Asst Cashier 
Trust i itli e 

Capital. Surplus and Profits $3,047,000.00 


Tota I Resources 29.752.000.00 

Fully equipped to serve every banking requirements ol its depositors 

Commercial, Savings. Trust and Sale Deposit Departments 

The Oldest and Largest Trust Company in California 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


News Letter Quoted Roundly in '56 

mHE FOLLOWING excerpt is taken from a copy of the 
Daily Alta California of January 3, 1857, now in the 
Pioneer section of the State Library at Sacramento, in 
which the editor details in complimentary form the issue of 
The San Francisco News Letter that was issued to catch the 
Panama steamer to sail from this city two days later. He com- 
mented on its summary of news "covering the past fortnight." 
At the date this article was quoted, The San Francisco News 
Letter had been winning its way in the community for almost 
six months, and was already on a solid footing in competition 
with the large number of local periodicals in the field serving 
a population of about 55,000. The News Letter, on a light 
bluish paper, was then issued every two weeks, and was unique 
in form and make up, as compared with the standards of that 
pioneer period. Its size was the same as now, but there were 
only four pages. Pages 1 and 2 were devoted to current news, 
covering commercial, financial, political, social doings and 
snappy comments. Page 3 was a blank sheet provided the sub- 
scriber or purchaser for the purpose of writing a letter, an 
ingenious idea of the founder of the paper, Fred Marriott. The 
blank fourth page carried the address, when folded. 

The San Francisco News Letter, for the steamer of 
the 5th, is out. It contains a summary of news for 
the past fortnight, as well as a blank space for a let- 
ter. It is for sale by all the book-sellers. The News 
Letter contains a variety of light material of a gossip- 
ing nature, and current news of the day, as well as 
some paragraphs of a more solid character. The fol- 
lowing notice of the Voice of Israel is a specimen of 
the latter: 

"The Voice of Israel is the title of an able weekly 
advocate of the Hebrews in this city — it is edited by 
the Rev. H. Bien, of the Congregation Emmanuel, and 
H. J. Labatt, Esq., and has attained, within three 
months, a circulation of 2,000 copies. When we con- 
sider that there are 30,000 Hebrews in this State, 
20,000 of whom are Germans, and 10,000 English, 
French and American — that there are three syna- 
gogues in San Francisco, two in Sacramento, one each 
in Stockton, Shasta, Marysville, Grass Valley and 
Jackson, in all ten churches — that three-fourths of the 
consignees, by clippers, are Israelites — that twenty- 
five per cent of the gold sent home belongs to them, 
we at once see how important to this community is 
this quiet, industrious and talented race. If they are 
thus eminent in commerce and peaceful pursuits, no 
great war in the civilized world can ever be carried 
on without their aid. In literature, painting, music 
and poetry, they are equally dominant. What hymns 
ever exceeded in sublimity and tenderness of expres- 
sion, those of David? None ever surpassed their 
loftiness and purity of religious sentiment. They 
have embodied so exquisitely the universal language 
of religious emotion that they have entered, with un- 
questionable propriety, into the Christian ritual. The 
songs of the Hebrew people, as they wound along the 
hill-sides and glens of Judea, have been repeated for 
ages, in every part of the habitable globe — in the re- 
motest isles of the Pacific Ocean, amongst the forests 
and rocky sides of the Sierra Nevada, on the sands of 
Africa, and, by the latest discoveries, in the very cen- 
ter of China. How many human breasts have they 
softened, purified and exalted ! Of how many wretched 
beings have they been the secret consolation? On 
how many communities have they drawn down the 
blessings of Divine Providence, by bringing the affec- 
tions in unison with their deep devotional fervor." 

On the veracity of the editor of the News Letter, we 
are informed that its circulation is 6,000 copies. 
Pretty large circulation that, in these days of multi- 
tudinous newspapers. 

pearance in Monterey, August 15, 1846, six months earlier than 
any other paper. Colton and Semple were the publishers and 
editors. The initial issue had a ringing editorial on the Ameri- 
can annexation of the territory of California, and a strong plea 
was made for public instruction, a stable and well organized 
government, and the encouragement of immigration. 

A Successful Banker and Self-Made Man 



1852 there arrived in San Francisco a boy from sunny 
Italy, who landed on the beach, which was then on the 
corner of Sacramento and Montgomery Sts. This boy, 
Sbarboro, first obtained a position as assistant book- 
at $20 a month and board. He scrupulously set aside 
$5 per month of his earnings, and 
meantime made himself so useful 
in the business that he was soon 
admitted as a partner, and fin- 
ally became the sole proprietor 
of the immense grocery establish- 
ment of Sbarboro Brothers, on 
Washington street. 

Chevalier Andrea Sbarboro 

The first newspaper published in California was The 

Californian, a weekly one page sheet, which made its first ap- 

Founder of First Mutual Loan 
Associations in California. 
In 1865, whilst conducting his 
grocery business, he organized 
one of the first mutual loan asso- 
ciations in California. It was so 
successful that eventually he or- 
ganized and successfully con- 
ducted for twenty-five years, five 
of these co-operative associa- 
tions : West Oakland Mutual 
Loan, San Francisco Mutual Loan, Italian-Swiss Mutual Loan, 
San Francisco and Oakland Mutual Loan, and San Francisco 
Home Mutual Loan Association. 

These meritorious institutions accumulated capital by 
monthly installments, aggregating $6,500,000, of which amount 
$5,000,000 was loaned out to the members, who built 2,500 
comfortable homes averaging $2,000 each, for their families, 
all paid for in monthly installments. In about ten years each 
borrower found his loan fully paid up, and living in his own 
happy home. 

Italian-Swiss Colony — 1881. 

In 1881, finding the cooperation system so successful, Sbar- 
boro organized the Italian-Swiss Agricultural Colony. A tract 
of land, a sheep ranch, at Asti, Sonoma County, was purchased. 
The sheep were sold, and over 500 laborers prepared the land, 
and set it out in grape vines. The colony purchased other lands 
in different parts of the State, and erected a winery at Asti, and 
Madera, where now is made as fine wines and champagnes as 
those produced in either France or Italy. 

Italian-American Bank — 1899. 

Appreciating the success achieved by Mr. Sbarboro, the Ital- 
ian Consul in this city, in 1899, urged him to organize an 
Italian-American bank, which was done. Business began 
with the small capital of $250,000. Soon afterward the bank 
erected a magnificent six story brick building at the corner of 
Montgomery and Sacramento streets, the spot on which Mr. 
Sbarboro landed in a row boat in 1852. 

The building was destroyed by fire in 1906. While the ruins 
were still smouldering, Mr. Sbarboro called a meeting of the 
board of directors, and it was immediately resolved to erect 
another bank building on the same premises — not a six story 
building, but a solid granite fire proof and earthquake proof 
bank building. As the vaults of the first bank withstood the 
fire, no money or securities were lost; the value of the de- 
stroyed building was covered by insurance. The bank pro- 
gressed from year to year, until recently it decided to increase 
its board of directors from nine to the present fifteen members, 
and the bank is now composed of the following officers : Andrea 
Sbarboro, president; C. H. Crocker, vice-president; Alfred A. 
Sbarboro, cashier; Romolo A. Sbarboro, assistant cashier; G. 
J. Panario, assistant cashier; V. L. Puccinelli, assistant cashier; 
C. C. Peini. manager exchange department. 

On June 30, 1916, the assets of the bank were $7,373,178.94. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

A Glimpse of San Francisco in 1856 

(Continued from Page 37) 

candle brought from home, stumbled up the narrow stairsof 
that old City Hall to their meeting room to discuss the lighting 

All the 'buses left the Plaza for North Beach, South Park, 
Mission Dolores and the Presidio, while from the same corner 
stages for points down the peninsula, and later the overland 
stages, took their departure. Around the sides of the Plaza, the 
useful and well patronized hacks stood in solid line when their 
services were not required. 

Around the Plaza the gambling saloons of the earlier days 
had been chiefly located. The "El Dorado," one of the most 
noted of these, was converted into the Hall of Records. The 
leading retail stores were near at hand, and numerous churches 
were not far distant. 

Across the Plaza, on Benham Place, stood the engine house 
of Monumenti.1 Six. The first great fire, December 24th, 1849, 
had called a volunteer fire department into existence. Com- 
panies had been formed, as in New York, Philadelphia, Balti- 
n.ore and other cities. Those who had belonged to fire com- 
panies in those cities formed the nucleus of these local com- 
panies, which became rallying places for former citizens of 
Eastern cities. Active and honorary memberships in these com- 
panies was a coveted honor. Company pride caused much 
rivalry. The roster of these old fire companies contains the 
names of many men who became noted in our city's annals. 

What manner of men were those, our visitors of 1856, met 
upon the streets of San Francisco? 

No city, in its infancy, gathered within its confines so hetero- 
geneous a population as did our own. From all parts of the 
world young men had come, lured by reports of near-by abund- 
ant gold fields. Very few came impelled by the greed of gold 
itself. Long periods of hard times had made the means of al- 
leviating them desirable. That great pilgrimage to California 
was not a mad scramble for wealth, but rather a journey toward 

Social conditions in San Francisco had become well estab- 
lished by 1856. The exuberance of youthful endeavor had set- 
tled down to more sedate maturity. Business houses had been 
established, many of which exist to this day even under the 
same name as founded. The churches and schools of "early 
days" had been growing and enlarging their usefulness. The 
comradeship of struggle had promoted the fraternal organiza- 
tions which were in thrifty circumstances. The demands of 
business had called into life a Chamber of Commerce. Two 
thrifty libraries, the Mercantile and Mechanics, long years af- 
terward destined to be merged, were stocking their shelves with 
the best books and were well supported. Two social clubs, the 
Union and the Pacific, were in thriving condition. The earlier 
arrivals had organized the Society of California Pioneers. 
Home life had become an established feature, and social gath- 
erings vied with operas and high class theatrical performances 
in furnishing respite from the cares of business life. The dis- 
tance separating San Francisco trom 'the States" created local 
business conditions and customs that closer connections of later 
times have altered or abolished. Factories had become features 
of the city activities, and the numerous newspaper and other 
publications were always active in efforts to promote the city's 
welfare. Busy people were fully occupied in their affairs, and 
if they allowed "practical politicians" — that class which had 
existed since the founding of the world — to obtain a foothold, 
they endured them, as their wives did the flies, until they be- 
came too annoying, and then remedied the civic evil in about 
the same way their wives did the domestic ones. 

So, our visitors of 1856, landing from the "Orizaba," at the 
then Washington street wharf, found no more difficulty in 
adopting himself to the new surroundings of a strange city than 
he would to-day if arriving at the present Ferry Depot. Social, 
political and business conditions then differed no more from 
those of Atlantic cities of that period than present San Francisco 
manners and customs vary from present Eastern ones. 

The present-day visitor is no more shocked by our methods 
of life and social conduct than was the one of sixty years ago 
coming to call on our fathers. He is received as his prototype 
was received, and his reception depends as much on his own 
worth and personality. We have always been a people tolerant 
of the rights of others, and, while we may have sometimes sur- 

prised and shocked some by unconventionality, we have been 
honest in our endeavor to build up a city that would be a decent 
and orderly place in which to live, and where we may invite 
company without reproach to the memories of those noble, 
hard working men and women who, through the travail of their 
youthful activities, have left us San Francisco as an heritage. 


— HE constructive engineering achievements of Howard 
Carlton Holmes has established him as a prominent 
figure in the upbuilding of the State. His excellent 
engineering feats dot and crisscross San Francisco; in fact, 
they largely web the bay counties and extend into the 
principal cities of the State. On the heels of his graduation 
trom the local schools he plunged with enthusiasm into his 
work, and made close attachments with the leading local men in 
his profession. He was but 
19 years of age when he 
made the contour surveys 
necessary for the develop- 
ment of the initial water 
basin of Lake Chabot, Oak- 
land's principal water sup- 
ply source. At 21 he be- 
came assistant engineer of 
the State Board of Harbor 
Commissioners. Shortly 
alter he designed and con- 
structed the Alameda mole 
and the depot for the 
South Pacific Coast Rail- 
way Company. He was 
consulting engineer on 
docks and wharves for the 
Panama-Pacific Exposition 
and conceived and built the 
beautiful yacht basin. Per- 
haps the most striking field 
of endeavor, however, is 
his constructive work in 
cable, electric and steam 
car railways. Mr. Holmes 
built practically all the car 
lines on the slopes of the 
northern hills of the city, from California street north, as well 
as big cable and electric railway systems in Portland, Spokane, 
Stockton and Oakland. He planned and built the terminals 
for all the railroads ;unning into San Francisco, except those 
of the Southern Pacific Company. One of his best inventions 
of this period was the teredo-proof pile made of concrete. In 
1901, Mr. Holmes headed the engineering department of the 
San Francisco Dry Dock Company, and built the big Hunters' 
Point Dry Dock No. 2, at that time the largest on the coast. 
Later he built Dry Dock No. 3, a cradle for the biggest battle- 
ships and titanic liners. His reputation is now so high and 
widespread that calls from Canada, the Atlantic seaboard and 
other points of the continent demand his expert advice on big 
engineering problems. 

Howard C. Holmes 




UHE California Wire Works, built in the early '60's, were 
located at Bay and Mason streets on the north shore. 
Later they were to play an extraordinary part in popu- 
lating the high hills of San Francisco through the construction 
of cable car roads. A. S. Hallidie, president of the company, 
built the first cable car road in the world, and thereby introduced 
a new factor in carrying passengers. His success attracted 
widespread attention, and his system was copied in most of the 
cities of this country and abroad. 

Hallidie's first line was begun in '70, and extended up the 
old Clay street hill. It began at Kearny street and went to Van 
Ness avenue, eleven blocks, and was the city's greatest won- 
der. Ali visitors inspected and rode on it in keen delight. It 
marked the advance between the old street car lines and the 
present swift electric system. Even to this day it is the only 
form of power which is able to negotiate the higher hills of the 
city, and will hold sway till an improvement on the Hallidie 
cable makes its appearance in the transportation field 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Walter Romaine Bacon, Politician, Philosopher and Attorney 

LL MY LIFE I believe that I could accom- 
plish what I set out to do if I were willing 
to expend the effort," said Walter Bacon, 
when I saw him at his offices in the Claus 
Spreckels Building, "and all my life has been 
a happy one." 

Thus a philosopher and an optimist, and 
when you consider the number of men — and 
women, too- — who are ever repining at fate, and complaining 
of the unpleasantness of their lot, as if some one had loaded 
the dice against them, you will realize that Mr. Bacon is by 
way of being unique. 

I think I can count on my fingers the number of persons who, 
at over fifty, have said that their life had been happy. There 
are perhaps some who try to bunk themselves and others into 
thinking so as a matter of mystic religious belief, but no one 
can look into Bacon's clear eye and not realize that the very 
soul of the man is speaking. 
Born in Indiana in 1857, he 
is certainly entitled to be 
called a simon-pure unhyphe- 
nated American, if any on this 
continent, aside from the In- 
dians, as on both sides of his 
family he is descended from 
stock which came to this coun- 
try in the seventeenth century. 
On his father's side he was 
descended from Nathaniel 
Bacon, of Virginia, who ar- 
rived from England in 1645; 
while his mother, who was a 
Griswold, stemmed from an- 
cestors arriving in Massachu- 
setts at about the same time. 
Another of his forbears was 
on the Mayflower. The Ro- 
maine part of his name is from 
a French Huguenot connected 
with his wife's family. 

His father, Francis Merion 
Bacon, who exported black 
v/alnut to Europe, moved to 
Peru, the county seat, and 
young Bacon received his edu- 
cation in the public schools. 
Afterwards engaging in the 
business of surveying for the 
government, he went to Ne- 
braska, and roamed all over 
the plains of the Middle West, 
as well as in the Black Hills 

The wanderlust fever partly 
appeased, he decided to take 
up the profession of law, for 
which he felt himself best 
fitted, and entered a law firm 

in Grand Island, Neb. Here he was obliged to support himself 
and his mother through outside work while studying, but soon 
was in a position to receive a comfortable salary from the law 
firm itself. At the end of his first year he was paid $250 per 
month as chief clerk. 

His first year as practicing attorney on his own account 
netted him $4,800, and by the time he was thirty years old he 
had accumulated $150,000, which he subsequently lost through 
undue confidence in an associate. When he subsequently ar- 
rived in Los Angeles he had fifty dollars in his pocket and not 
an acquaintance within 2,000 miles, but he soon retrieved and 
far exceeded his original holdings. 

In 1888 Mr. Bacon was elected district attorney for Hall 
County, the only political position he has ever held, although 
all his life he has been interested in politics and the larger 
affairs of men. As attorney for the Burlington road he had a 
large experience of the important cases, and came to Los An- 

Walter Romaine Bacon 

geles in 1891, where he practiced until 1907, and then settled 
permanently in San Francisco. 

He is chairman of the Executive Committee of the Republi- 
can State Central Committee, and besides politics he is inter- 
ested in Archaeology, being a founder of the Southwest Archae- 
ological Society of Los Angeles, and also is one of the charter 
members of the Southern Californian Historical Society. The 
Archaeological Society is the second largest in the United 
States, and has a museum costing $80,000. It was the life on 
the plains and among aborigines that created Bacon's interest 
and made his services exceptionally valuable. 

He has traveled all over the world and has friends in many 
of the European capitals as well as in the chief cities of the 
United States; nevertheless, in spite of being a thorough cos- 
mopolitan, his ambition ultimately is to settle down on a farm 
and devote himself to scientific agriculture — you know the kind, 
where the milk costs as much as champagne — but as he has 

a comfortable fortune accu- 
mulated out of his law prac- 
tice and favorable invest- 
ments, he will be able to in- 
dulge his hobby if he doesn't 
start too soon. 

His favorite outdoor sport 
is camping and shooting, and 
about once every year the 
same instinct that drove him 
to the plains causes him to 
pack up and visit the wilds, 
where he may have uninter- 
rupted communion with na- 
ture. And his sane habits of 
life — not too much work and 
not too much play, is his motto 
— shows in the face and phy- 
sique of this kid of 59, who 
looks not a minute over 39, or 
say 39 and six months, and 
his waistband would be the 
envy of many a leading ju- 

He is a Mason and a mem- 
ber of the California and 
Jonathan Clubs of Los An- 
geles, corresponding to the 
Pacific Union and Bohemian 
clubs here, but he has never 
joined any of our local clubs, 
although frequently impor- 
tuned to do so. 

Bacon is very modest about 
his life and achievements, and 
maintains that they are lacking 
in color and adventure, but 
does he not exemplify and 
epitomize the best of our 
Americanism? Is he not so 
normal and sane as to be al- 
most abnormal? We have need of such as he. 

It would appear that it v/as to create conditions which make 
possible the career of such men as Mr. Bacon that his ancestors 
left England, and that 1776 was the epoch making year of the 
world's history. To leave school at thirteen years years of age 
with merely such education as the public schools afforded; to 
adventure on the plains for ten years; to return to civilization 
at an age when most are settled in their life's occupation, and, 
with a wife and mother to support, study in a law office, earn- 
ing in outside work after hours sufficient for the family needs; 
to start all over again in a far country, without friends or ac- 
quaintances, and more than retrieve himself, at the same time 
maintaining the best standard of living — has this not a color 
and romance infinitely deeper and more searching than the 
mere roughing on land and sea? 

It is the adventure of a brave soul and a strong heart; it is 
the life of a man who truly is master of his fate. h. m. s. 

by Steckel 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

In 1856 THE 
office was at Cali- 
fornia and Battery 
Streets Just 1 00 feet 
£ast of its present 
(1916) office, 3301 
California Street (see 
old advertisements in 
News Letter of 
1 856) with this issue. 




Corbel. IV 
F. C. 

anager. H. D. Lewis. Asst. 

was in California with 
the Pioneers in the 
early '50's, its oper- 
. alions here extending 
over 60 years, always 
paying claims in full 
including $4,000,- 
000 to San Francisco 
loss sufferers in 1 906 




(Accident and Liability Dept.) 

Accident and Health Policies are designed to insure the 
valuable thing that a person has — his ability to work. 
AETNA Disability policies insure your ability to stay on 
the job. 

By prompt payment of losses along just and fair lines 
this company has built up a good business and an enviable 
reputation. We offer 




not equalled on the Pacific Coast. The AETNA Com- 
panies write all lines of insurance. 

Direct your insurance agent or broker to inquire at the 


J. R. MOLONY, Manager 
Phone Sutter 6477 228 PINE ST. San Francisco, Cal. 

Max I. Koshland 

Mills Building, Suite 12 (ground floor) 


Stocks, Bonds, Investment 

Member of San Francisco Stock and 
Bond Exchange 



Organized 1853 


Organized 1910 


Organized 1910 


Organized 1826 


Organized 1822 


Organized 1824 


WM. W. ALVERSON, Manager 

H. T. UNGEWITTER, Asst. Manager 

Telephone Sutter 485 San Francisco, California 


R. L. ELLIS. San Franclsco-A. M. LOVELACE, Portland, Or., 

(Dekum Bldg.)-W. T. BOOTH. Spokane (Realty Bldg.) 

T.J. KELEHER, Los Angeles (H. W. Hellman Bldg.l 

T. B. CLARKE, San Francisco 

Ample Facilities For Handling Large Lines 



Comstock, Tonopah and 

Goldfield Stocks 

A Specialty 

Send for our Market Letter 

365 Bush St. 

Phone Kearny 1725 

Sau Francisco, Cal. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


San Francisco Facilities in the Early '50's 

mHERE was a big sand hill in the middle of Market street, 
from Kearny to Dupont. Passengers went up Geary to 
Dupont, then to edge of sand hill on Market, where a 
milk wagon could just pass, leading to St. Anne's Valley. Large 
sand hills running east and west — between them St. Anne's 
Valley. Dummy just beginning to take sand down Market to 
fill in the water front. 

Some of the water front streets had wharves. Many large 
vacant lots filled with water from the bay. 

In 1856, residents were just beginning to build houses with 
bath-tubs. Most of the residents took their baths in barber 
shops. The famous What Cheer House on Sacramento street 
below Montgomery was the only hotel with public bath tubs. 
They were in the basement : not in the rooms. 

Street lamps lighted the main streets in 1853. Whale oil 
and kerosene oil were used. The streets were largely paved 
with large 4-inch planks 16 to 24 feet long. A few cobblestone 
streets were very useful in winter, where the mud was in some 
places to the knees. Sidewalks generally of planks. Some few 
brick and stone sidewalks. No cement sidewalks. 

The Western Addition in 1856 extended as far as Leaven- 
worth street. Beyond were milk ranches. 

Pacific street was the only one cut through. Jackson street 
and Washington street not opened beyond Taylor street. 

Omnibuses provided carriage from North Beach to South 
Park. Street car lines were then unknown. No cables or 
horse cars. 

A daily stage to San Jose and way stations. 

The Embarcadero was at what is now Redwood City. In 
1856 there was only one house on the slough there. 

There were two redwoods at San Francisquita Creek. Now 
there is only one. 

Quite a number of private schools, as well as public schools, 
in 1856. 

The Oriental Hotel was located at the gore of Bush, Battery 
and Market, and International Hotel on Jackson street, above 
Montgomery; then the big hotels of the town. 

Mission street, beyond Fourth and Fifth streets, was a toll 
road to the Mission. It was a plank road all the way. 

The Pioneer race track, a mile track, was beyond the Mission. 
Many vacant lots were in the vicinity, covered with beautiful 
wild flowers. 

Large water wagons furnished water to houses. Each 
house had a barrel in the kitchen to be filled. 

Few houses wil pipes in them for either gas or water. 

Parlors had larg , chandeliers with two or three rows of glass 
prisms, containing wax candlss. 

Lamps generally burned whale oil. Large candles in high 
silver candlesticks were used in bedrooms. 

All ships and steamers were of wood. Iron ships were not 
known until after the Civil War. 

The flag on Telegraph Hill signaled any incoming steamer. 

Steamboats ran to Sacramento and vicinity. 

Democratic party everywhere in power. 

Fire engines hauled by men, with long ropes; one hundred 
men on each side and worked by men with brakes on each side 
of engine. 

No elevators in buildings. 

Quite a number of Mexican adobe houses were still in exist- 
ence in San Francisco, particularly at the Mission Dolores. 

No stock exchanges. Brokers made transactions among them- 
selves at their offices. 

The Willows and Nightingale House, at Sixteenth street and 
beyond, were places of resort. 

Correspondence was largely through Wells-Fargo envelopes, 
10 cents each. 

United States mail 5 cents. 

Newspapers, blanket sheets of four pages. 

No overland telegraph. 

Steamers once in thirty days from New York, by way of 

Clipper ships carrying freight arrived via Cape Horn in 
ninety days — a quick trip. 

Local banks used scales to buy gold dust. 

A pinch of gold dust paid for a pie at a bakery. 

Hack stand around the Plaza, where hacks could be hired. 

2 :40 was about the best time for trotting horses on the local 
race track. 

San Francisco's population about 30,000 in 1856. 

Photographs practically unknown. Daguerrotypes were 
raken of individuals and localities. 

No stationary wash stands in the San Francisco houses. A 
wash stand with a bowl and pitcher furnished personal wash- 
ing facilities. 

Gentlemen generally dressed in silk hats called "beavers," 
and wore boots and long Prince Albert coats. Ladies wore 
crinoline, called hoops. 

The extension of Commercial street into the bay was called 
"Long Wharf," where passengers were landed in boats from 
incoming vessels. 

California as a State was six years old on September 9, 1856. 

The County of San Francisco extended to San Francisquita 
Creek, until June 11, 1856, when the city and county of San 
Francisco was formed, extending to the southern end of Lake 
Merced, and south of that a new county was formed called San 
Mateo County, out of the remainder of the County of San 


SAFETY, Service, We Give Both" is the motto and trade 
mark of the widely known combination of standard in- 
surance companies, represented by George H. Tyson, 
the Pacific Coast Agent, of what is known here and throughout 
the United States as the "Big Four." These Four Corner Stones 
of Insurance are the German-American Insurance Company, 
the German Alliance Insurance Company of New York, the 
Phoenix Insurance Company of Hartford, and the Equitable 
Fire and Marine Insurance Company. Under General Manager 
Tyson's plan of campaign in issuing his well known "Confla- 
gration Proof Policies" the "Big Four," in a single impregnable 
instrument, guarantees to the full to protect those insured under 
its clauses. 

Payment on destroyed risks follows as certainly as payment 
made by the United States on its bonds presented at the Wash- 
ington Treasury. The four companies named are backed up by 
nearly $40,000,000 of American capital, all invested in gilt- 
edge American securities and easily liquidated. These four 
impregnable companies have stood the severest strains of the 
greatest conflagrations in the history of this country. Those of 
Chicago, Baltimore and San Francisco, the last named develop- 
ing the severest stress in the history of insurance: the total 
loss exceeded $300,000,000. In this fire the George H. Tyson 
agency made the remarkable record of paying out $6,000,000 
to San Francisco patrons within a notably short time, in the face 
of the fact that the company might have followed others and 
taken advantage of the earthquake clause and compromised. 
Not a suspicion of a taint of that nature has ever been connected 
with the thriving business of the "Big Four." Since their or- 
ganization they have paid out ever $175,000,000 in losses to 
the American public, an enviable record. General Manager 
Tyson has extended the influential sphere of these four impreg- 
nable companies all over the Pacific Coast, with district offices 
in all the large cities. Special agents are daily spreading the 
influences of these companies wherever integrity and reliability 
are demanded in the insurance field. The growing success of the 
"Big Four" under Mr. Tyson's management and the perfect 
guarantee behind those insured in them is comprehensively 
what the word "Safety" means. 

This year, 1916, is notable in the history of this well known 
insurance quartette : it is the twenty-fifth anniversary of George 
H. Tyson and his successful "Big Four." 

William S. Hickley, who landed here in 1840, was elected 

the first alcalde of Yerba Buena, now San Francisco. Hickley 
made our earliest civic improvements. The locality bounded 
by Montgomery, Washington, Jackson and Kearny streets at 
that time was covered by an impassable lagoon of salt water, 
which created a wide detour for the few North Beach residents. 
Hickley bridged the lagoon. The bridge was considered such 
a wonder that settlers from a distance came to see it. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 



































60th Anniversary Number, 1916 an( J California Advertiser 

Hie Rise of the San Francisco Chronicle 


See Opposite Page 

MHE ADVENT of the San Francisco Chronicle in the 
newspaper field in 1865 is tinged with adventurous ro- 
mance, but the youthful founders of the enterprise, 
Charles and M. H. de Young, aged 19 and 17 respectively, 
plunged into the effort with all the ardor of ambitious youth, 
nerved with resolution. The title at that time was The Daily 
Dramatic Chronicle, "a record of affairs, local, critical and the- 
atrical." From the start of publication this hustling brace of 
youngsteis had their main eye on the news of the day; the dra- 
matic side of the paper was used to rake in sufficient income 
to enable them to boost the news end of the sheet on its feet. 
It was a little sheet of four pages, 10xl3 ] 4 inches, and in its 
early days was used chiefly as a theatrical program distributed 
in the theatres. But the shrewd young owners, in their eager- 
ness to gain subscribers and publicity in order to attract ad- 
vertisers, made it a point to distribute copies free in all the big 
restaurants of that period. At that time San Francisco was all 
restaurants and lodging houses — there were no homes. Some 
restaurants fed over 4,000 patrons daily, and they were all keen 
to look over the snappy paragraphs, well culled news of the 
day, and the theatrical gossip. 

In those days of hard beginnings, the home of the paper 
was in an out of the way corner in the job printing establish- 
ment of Harrison & Company on Clay street, east of Sansome, 
then the heart of the business center. For this dilapidated 
shelter and the press work used by the Dramatic Chronicle, 
the youthful publishers were forced to pay $75 per week, in ad- 
vance, indicating how close they were skating on the edge of 
an empty purse. But the resourceful younger brother, M. H. 
de Young, the business manager of the enterprise, invariably 
dug up an advertisement in time to bring out the next issue. 

Then came the time when they could afford to pay for better 
quarters. The same year they moved to a floor on Montgomery 
street near Clay, a shift that notes how quickly they had caught 
the public pulse with their keen sense of news values and the 
ability to discern just what the public wanted. From that time 
on the irrepressible growth and success of the paper is told in 
the "movie" pictures of the homes built out of profits earned 
by the paper, the series of growing "Chronicle Buildings" as 
told on the preceding page. The first Chronicle office, after 
leaving the "birth" corner of the paper in Harrison's loft, 1865, 
is shown in the first picture. Photograph No. 2 was the first 
real exclusive home of the present Daily Chronicle at the 
northeast corner of Bush and Kearny streets. Picture No. 3 
shows the site of the present Chronicle Building as it looked in 
1866. Pictures 5 and 6 are views of the home of The Chronicle 
prior to the big fire of April, 1906, and picture No. 7 gives an 
idea of how the site looked after that great conflagration had 
swept over it. Picture No. 4 shows the present Chronicle Build- 
ing rebuilt in August, 1908, where the publication has grown 
more prosperous than ever. 

In 1885, the Mechanics' Fair, then the recognized annual ar- 
biter of the products submitted in competition by local mer- 
chants, artists and artisans, conferred the grand silver medal on 
R. Bujannoff for the best manufactured California jewelry. 
Even in that eariy period Mr. Bujannoff was recognized as a 
leading designer in fine metals and jewelry. Under President 
P. B. Cornwall this annual industrial 
fair of the city had acquired a national 
reputation for scrupulous fairness in 
order to promote the industries of the 
West. Accordingly the honor con- 
ferred on Mr. Bujannoff greatly ex- 
tended his reputation, a standing which 
his establishment has regained to this day. His daughters have 
since succeeded to the business, and continue to conduct it un- 
der the old time policy of scrupulous honesty and the best work- 
manship, supplemented with the finest and most artistic de- 
signs. The Bujannoff s maintain expert artisans, and make to 
order in special and original designs, the finest of platinum 
and gold jewelry. They have used the same shop in Lick 
Place, between Post and Sutter streets, for the past thirty 
years. The above is an illustration of the medal awarded R. 
Bujannoff in 1885. 

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San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

"The Pride of Battery B" 

By Frank H. Gassaway. 

South Mountain towered on our right, 

Far off the river lay, 
And over on the wooded hight 

We held their lines at bay. 

At last the mutt'ring guns were stilled, 

The day died slow and wan. 
At last the gunners' pipes were filled, 

The Sergeant's yarns began. 

When — as the wind a moment blew 

Aside the fragrant flood 
Our brierwoods raised — within our view 

A little maiden stood. 

A tiny tot of six or seven, 

From fireside fresh she seemed. 

Of such a little one in heaven 
I know one soldier dreamed. 

And, as we stared, her little hand 

Went to her curly head 
In grave salute, "And who are you?" 

At length the Sergeant said. 

"And where's your home?" he growled again. 

She lisped out: "Who is me? 
Why, don't you know? I'm little Jane, 

The Pride of Battery 'B.' 

"My home? Why, that was burned away, 

And pa and ma are dead, 
And so I ride the guns all day 

Along with Sergeant Ned, 

"And I've a drum that's not a toy, 

A cap with feathers, too, 
And I march beside the drummer boy 

On Sundays at review; 

"But now our 'bacca's all give out, 
The men can't have their smoke, 

And so they're cross — why, even Ned 
Won't play with me and joke, 

"And the big Colonel said to-day — 

I hate to hear him swear — 
He'd give a leg for a good smoke 

Like the Yanks had over there ; 

"And so I thought when beat the drum, 

And the big guns were still, 
I'd creep beneath the tent and come 

Out here across the hill, 

"And beg, good Mister Yankee men, 
You'd give me some Lone Jack, 

Please do — when we get some again 
I'll surely bring it back. 

"Indeed I will, for Ned — says he — 

"If I do what I say 
I'll be a General yet, maybe, 

And ride a prancing bay." 

We brimmed her tiny apron o'er, 
You should have heard her laugh 

As each man from his scanty store 
Shook out a gen'rous half. 

We gave her escort, till good-night 

The little waif we bid, 
Then watched her toddle out of sight; 

Or else 'twas tears that hid. 

Her baby form, nor turned about 

A man, nor spoke a word 
Till after while a far, faint shout 

Upon the wind we heard! 

And then we cast a sadd'ned eye 

Upon the scene around. 
A baby's hand had touched the tie 

That brothers once had bound. 

That's all- — save when the dawn awoke 

Again the work of hell. 
And through the sullen clouds of smoke 

The screaming missiles fell! 

Our Colonel often rubbed his glass, 

And marveled much to see 
Not a single shell that whole day fell 
In the camp of Battery "B!" 
— From San Francisco News Letter, Dec. 25, 1875. 

The home of the Olympic Club was located on the south 

side of Sutter street, below Montgomery, in 1860. 

and ST. LOUIS 

2 Daily Trains 

Los Angeles, Tucson and EI Paso 
"Golden State Limited" 

Through Standard and Tourist Pullman cars from San 
Francisco, Ferry Station, 6:00 p. m. and 10:40 a. m., re- 

"The Californian" 

Standard Pullman and Tourist car connection to Kansas 
City, from San Francisco, Ferry Station, 9:00 p. m. 
For Tickets and Berths Ask Agents of 

Southern Pacific 

Palace Hotel 
Flood Building 

Third St. Station 
Ferry Station 

El Paso & Southwestern 
Rock Island Lines 

691 Market Street 






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San Francisco 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Lively Insurance Experiences in the Big Fires of the '50's 

| F PECULIAR interest to insurance men are 
the advertisements of the Royal Insurance 
Co., The Northern, The Imperial Fire and 
Life, and the Liverpool and London Fire ap- 
pearing in the issue of San Francisco News 
Letter, Nov. 5, 1856. The latter company was 
afterwards amalgamated with The Globe, 
and is still doing business as the Liverpool 
& London & Globe, in California street, under the management 
of R. P. Fabj. In 1856 the Liverpool and London was repre- 
sented by J. R. and R. J. Haven. The Imperial Fire and Life 
also shows a card in the 1856 issue, Falkner, Bell & Co. being 
the agents. Other companies having space in this issue were 
the Northern Assurance, Smith Brothers & Co., agents, corner 
of California and Battery streets. This company's office is to- 
day at 330 California street, just 100 feet west from where it 
was in 1856. The Royal was represented by McKinley, Gar- 
rioch & Co., California and Leidesdorff streets. Both companies 
have continuously operated in San Francisco since that date. 
The Royal operates with the Queen, now under the manage- 
ment of Rolla V. Watt, in its own splendid building cornering 
on Sansome and Pine streets. 

To the Liverpool and London belongs the adventurous honor 
of having been first to offer reliable protection to the mercan- 
tile community of San Francisco. A year later, in 1853, the 
Royal came on the scene. Two years later, in 1854, the 
Imperial Fire appeared in the city. The same year, the Mon- 
arch Fire opened offices here under the agency of William 
Lane Booker, at that time the British consul at this port. Two 
American companies, the Continental and the Home, both of 
New York, also placed agencies here, the Continental with C. 
Adolphe Low & Co., and the Home with Case, Heister & Co. 

Up to 1857 the companies heretofore named did the insur- 
ance business of the State In that year, however, they were 
compelled to share the heretofore exclusive territory with the 
Hartford, the Phoenix, and the Merchants fire companies, all 
under the supervision of Edward McLean. The following year 
the New England Fire and Marine, Mr. Falkner agent, the Ham- 
burg-Bremen, Morris Speyer, agent, the Aetna, E. H. Parker, 
agent, entered the field. These were the pioneers. 

The Pacific Coast has suffered from several heavy confla- 
grations. The general prevalence of wood in construction 
brought with it heavy losses, and not until the lesson had been 
repeatedly learned were so-called fire-proof materials used, fire 
limits surveyed, and the provisions for protection rigidly en- 

The most notable conflagration in San Francisco occurred 
in 1851, and involved a loss of something more than $6,000,- 
000. There were no insurance companies here at that time, and 
the losses were total. There were two other fires in the early 
days in this city, but the one named was by far the most serious. 

In 1852, Sacramento suffered a severe blow by the flames, 
which swept away about two-thirds of the buildings in the 
capital, and resulted in a property loss of $5,000,000. As in the 
case of San Francisco, no insurance was reported. 

The next great fire occurred in Virginia City on October 26, 
1875, at which time five million dollars' worth of property was 
destroyed, with a heavy insurance amounting to over $2,500- 
000. This was the first great fire on the Pacific Coast by which 
fire insurance had suffered, and fell upon the forty-eight com- 
panies doing business in San Francisco. Local companies were 
seriously scorched by that conflagration, the losses of the six 
that had written business in the Nevada town footing up a total 
of $513,000. 

The Seattle conflagration that took place on the 6th day of 
June, 18S9, was the second heavy loss on this coast that was 
suffered by insurance companies doing business in San Fran- 
cisco. The total loss was the greatest ever sustained by any 
city west of Chicago, and it amounted to about $7,000,000, cov- 
ered by about $2,250,000 of insurance. The Seattle fire was 
caused by an overturned glue pot, as the Chicago fire origi- 
nated in an overturned lamp. There has certainly been no 
clearer illustration on this coast outside of San Francisco of 
the remarkable recuperative power in a community, nor the 
complete changes wrought by fire, than in Seattle. When the 
flames were extinguished, but a single brick building remained. 

Everything was swept away. The debris was cleared up, and 
the council, in response to an indomitable public demand, ex- 
tended the fire limits of the city practically over the entire 
area, some ninety acres, of the district burned out. Nothing but 
brick buildings of a substantial character were erected. The 
fire apparatus for the town was improved after the conflagra- 
tion, a paid department was established, and Seattle is as 
nearly a fire-proof city as can be found west of the Mississippi 

On the 6th of August — just two months later — the business 
portion of the city of Spokane in Eastern Washington, was al- 
most entirely destroyed by fire, the loss aggregating almost 
$6,000,000, with insurance of $2,500,000. The effect of the fire 
in Spokane was similar to the results in Seattle. From the 
ashes of the former city arose a beautiful and substantial town, 
with all the latest apparatus, paid department, and as far as 
possible full protection against loss by fires. 

The experience of this city in the terrible conflagration of 
1906 is still too clear in the memory of San Franciscans to need 
retelling here. 

In 1851 the Plaza was used for all the large public gath- 
erings, there being no great hall for meetings of the citizens. 
It was here that the Vigilance Committee of 1856 held several 
of their executions. Political meetings and holiday celebrations 
were held there tili the time came when the city was able to 
furnish ample indoor quarters. Early in the morning, in the 
early '50's, the vegetable wagons used to line up outside the 
square, and the women marketers gathered there early in the 
day to do their marketing. Later, with the growth of the city, 
the vegetable wagons were removed to Sansome street, and 
later to near the water front. 

The Connecticut Fire Ins. Co. 




The Insurance Exchange, San Francisco 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager 

The Home Insurance Company 

Organized 1853 Cash Capital, J6.000.000 

Insurance on personal effects of tourists and temporary sojourners any- 
where in United States. Canada and Mexico. Insurance against loss by 
fire. Automobile insurance. Indemnity for loss of rental income by fire. 
H. L. ROFF. General Agent. J. J. SHEAHAN. Ass't General Agent. 

333 California Street. 




Fireman's Fund Insurance Co. 

Capital $1,500,000 Assets, $11,326,205 



Always the most durable and satisfactory 
sheet metal for high class construction. 

The largest stock on the Pacific Coist 
carried by the 




MANUFACTURERS OF SOLDER B " B ' r V r ^re"" """* 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Homer Wilson, A Typical Successful Mining Man 

HERE are miners and miners scattered over 
the mining deposits that dot the earth, but 
by and large most gold seekers depend on 
book knowledge and experience to round off 
their ability. The natural born miner ap- 
proaches the test from another angle, for he 
is endowed with an unerring instinct to fol- 
low "signs" of veins as a keen hunting dog 
follows the scent of the fleeing hare. He seems to understand the 
inner nature of metals in the matrix, and to be endowed with 
a seventh sense in tracing gold through leads, faults, pinches, 
stringers and the like; with the ability to pick up signs where 
even a microscope fails to find color. Go over the list of some 
of the most successful mining pioneers of the State : Haggin, 
Hearst, Mackay, Fair and the rest of them, and you will find 
that practically all of them possessed this remarkable gift. 
Homer Wilson, who has sounded all the angles of the mining 

game for the past twenty-five ,____ 

years, possesses this instinct 
to a remarkable degree. That 
is why his veteran associates 
call him a level-headed prac- 
tical miner and clinch their 
faith to his judgment. Wilson 
laughs this statement off with 
the declaration that his "luck" 
is due solely to his "stickto- 
iveness." His mining enter- 
prises have produced over 
$6,000,000, the bulk of which 
has gone to others, as he 
frankly acknowledges, which 
translated means that he is one 
of those rare individuals who 
back a friend to the end. 

A prospect with the right 
signs fascinates him. Then 
his seventh sense regarding 
mines begins to tingle. 

Mother Nature, when she 
secretly laid out this old earth 
played extraordinary tricks 
in concealing her metal trea- 
sures. The terrific heat of 
the interior of the earth and 
the titanic pressure buckled 
up the skin surface of the old 
glebe in enormous waves of 
distorted strata. In the aper- 
tures created between those 
geological strata she cannily 
stuffed her prodigal riches of 
minerals, clothing them in 
burning gases, fiery steam and 
like protean solutions. 

Only the wisest miners can 
read in this distored strata the 
cryptic signs which indicate 

mineral values. If it reads promisingly to the initiated locator 
he sinks, drifts and crosscuts to determine the extent and value 
of his "find." 

The weather is a great disintegrator of the earth's surface 
formation. Your callow prospector may stumble on a quartz 
cropping that betrays promising values under the glass. He 
burrows down into the rotting rock and becomes elated in dis- 
covering that the values continue. Further on he is thrilled to 
learn that the values are increasing with depth from the grass 
roots down, and he swings his pick with rising expectancy. He 
pounds out a pan of the rotten ore, and exults in the discovery 
that the values indicate extraordinary richness. He stakes his 
claim, shows his friends the dazzling assay values, and they 
scramble to borrow money to get into the deal on development 
shares. The lead for several hundred feet grows so alluring 
that they enthusiastically decide to erect a mill and provide 
an up-to-date plant commensurate with a remarkable showing 

of the ledge for several hundred feet. These new -improve- 
ments get the company in debt; but they figure the showing 
means a big fortune. Later on it dawns on them that something 
has happened to the vein. It pinches out. They burrow deeper 
and pick up trickling threads. The vein splits suddenly; they 
follow both courses for awhile; then the courses come to points 
and disappear. They blast around vaguely like miners looking 
for something in the dark; then they chuck the whole business 
and damn the mining game. 

Such experience is common. A million years ago a thousand 
feet of earth topped the present surface. Weathering elements 
gradually washed it and the penetrating ore ledges to present 
levels. This oxydization is still going on, and Nature is thus 
cunningly salting her mineralized ground. Naturally, such 
prospects are extraordinarily rich, but that is no reason the 
tyro miner should get excited over the high assays. Unknow- 
ingly he has hit on one of Nature's cyanide plants, a clean-up 

of centuries. Deep down on 
the vein refractory ore may 
develop that will require a 
special milling plant. 

Wilson took $220,000 out of 
the Chloride-Bailey in Trinity 
County, arid then sold the 
holding to Charles Sweeney 
for $336,000. The property is 
still a steady and consistent 
payer. The late Phil Lilien- 
thal, manager of the old Lon- 
don and Paris Bank, and Chas. 
R. Bishop were associated 
with him in this venture. 
Among other propositions that 
Wilson developed was the 
Maitland-Jenny Lind in Trin- 
ity County. He took it as a 
prospect, and after careful 
handling sold it for $50,000 
on its absolute showing as a 
steadily paying producer. 

His keenly penetrating 
sense of a "lead" and its pos- 
sibilities naturally carried 
him into Goldfield at the time 
the fame of that camp was 
encircling the world. He 
stayed there long enough to 
clean up $127,000 on leases. 
Then he received a tip that 
remarkable showings were to 
be found in Inyo County. 
There he bought the Keene 
Wonder on the edge of Death 
Valley. He put $288,000 into 
it before the panic; then 
came a trying period to meet 
the payroll. But his long ex- 
perience managed to bridge 
these difficulties, and in four years he took out $1,250,000, paid 
everybody, and rolled up a handsome bank account for him- 

Wilson is president and general manager of the Pioneer Ex- 
ploration Company, a strongly capitalized corporation with 
headquarters in San Francisco. The management is in the mar- 
ket to purchase any undeveloped mining properties in the world 
that show prospective values. Along this line the company is 
now operating in this country, New Zealand, Australia, South 
America and Africa. Competent experts are at hand to be sent 
to any part of the world ,.o examine mining prospects. 

Will Bliss, member of the well known pioneer Nevada fam- 
ily of that name, and Wilson, recently took over the Extension 
of the famous old Congress mine in Arizona. To date the 
Congress mine has yielded $23,000,000. The Extension covers 
an adjacent holding known to be heavily mineralized with rich 
ore veins dipping from the Congress lines. 

Homer Wilson 

Photo by Harts 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


The New Palace Hotel, as Viewed by the News Letter in 1876 

HE FOLLOWING description of, and statis- 
tics about, the Palace Hotel in this city — 
that eighth wonder of the world — have been 
compiled at a perfectly frightful expense, 
exclusively for the benefit of country editors 
generally, to whose rapacious scissors it is 
tenderly committed. — Editor. 

First — Our statistician estimates that the 
ground covered by the Palace Hotel to be eleven hundred and 
fifty-four square miles, six yards, two inches ha'peny farthing, 
or say a space equal to the States of Wisconsin and Rhode Is- 
land, and the right hand half of Senegambia. The reader can 
form an exact and satisfactory idea of this vast space when we 
say that if it was stood up on end, and then flopped carefully 
over, it would cover the Gulf of Mexico like the paper on a 
pickle jar. The weight of the entire edifice, that is, when full, 
is eighty-six billion nine hundred and forty million six hundred 
and four thousand two hundred and one tons and eleven pounds. 
This ponderous weight accounts for the recent singular bulge no- 
ticed in the earth near Shanghai, China, within a few months 
past. The odd ton, however, can be thrown off when the land- 
lord is down at Belmont. The extreme height of the building is 
twenty-two thousand and twenty-eight feet six and three-quarter 
inches, or just forty-six and two-sixteenth times as high as the 
dome of St. Peter's, and nearly twenty times as tall as the Bun- 
ker Hill monument. A contract is already given out for the 
construction of a flume from the Yosemite to conduct the Bridal 
Vail fall thither, and which it is designed to have pour over the 
east front. On a clear day the ball on the flagstaff can be dis- 
tinctly seen through a smoked glass from the pavement below. 
From the dizzy height of the roof can be seen the most aston- 
ishing expanse of territory. On the one hand towers the majes- 
tic Rocky Mountains, while on the other stretches the illimit- 
able vastness of the sea. Far down below lies the bay, the 
Golden Gate, the line of the crested beach, and, but a little way 
off we can descry, in the changing glory of the heaving waters, 
the distant Farallones, nestling in the deep like three chinches 
slumbering on a velvet cushion. (The above simile must be re- 
turned, if used by private parties, as it is to be stuffed for the 
Centennial.) Alcatraz and Sausalito are in the immediate 
shadow of the great pile, but Santa Barbara is concealed by a 
high hill to the south. Arrangements have just been made, 
however, to have the hill removed or the town jacked up into 
the scenery, which will then be perfect. It is somewhat diffi- 
cult for the sight-seer to respire freely on the summit of the 
Palace, owing to the rarity of the atmosphere at such an eleva- 
tion, and this — and owing to the fact that it is covered with 
snow all the year round — will render it a place of very little re- 
sort. It will always, however, be useful as a landing place for 
balloonists, and many a bold navigator of the air will weather 
out stormy nights on the lee side of some of its ninety-four 
thousand chimneys. The Palace Hotel, as is well known, con- 
tains sixty-six thousand rcoms, each containing thirteen and 
one-half more cubic feet of space than Piatt's Hall, not count- 
ing the closets of which there are forty-two to each room, all of 
them about the size of the dining-room of the Lick House. The 
beds are made with Swiss watch springs, and stuffed with 
camel's hair, each single hair costing eleven cents by the whole- 
sale. Over every bed is a silver tube, through which hot tea 
or gruel can be forced up from the kitchen by means of a solid 
silver force pump, exclusively for the benefit of invalids. 
Every bed has a highly ingenious clock-work attachment con- 
necting with the main office, by which, at any desired hour in the 
morning, the sleeper is gently tilted out into a mother-of-pearl 
bath-tub, filled with milk of roses, which, in turn, boosts him 
over into a most admirable invention, which rubs the guest dry 
and combs his hair in less than eight minutes. This last is the 
invention of the genial Mr. Dodge, of the office. It can be 
folded into a space about the size of a dollar note when not in 
use, and can be used during the day as a private secretary, a 
hat rack or a boot jack. The carpets of the entire hotel cost 
thirty-two dollars a short yard, and it is thought, by a man 
specially employed to think it over, that if they were all raveled 
out and wound round the earth from the northeast to the south- 
west there would be enough to make the globe look like a ball 

of yarn in eight years and forty-two days. This, it must be 
borne in mind, is in Troy (N. Y.) weight, of course. It is more 
than probable this noble idea will be carried out during the 

A full description of the inconceivable magnificence of the 
cuisine would require volumes, so in deference to the feelings 
of the proprietors of the two-bit restaurants, we omit going into 
details. Suffice it to say that all the entrees will be sprinkled 
with gold dust, and the native oyster will be carefully done up 
in tinfoil to avoid leaving an unpleasant taste in the mouth. By 
a happy idea _ of the younger Mr. Leland, everybody ordering 
wine will receive a large crcmo, and every ninth pie will contain 
a pearl as large as a hen's egg (wren's egg, probably — Ed.), 
which, of course, belongs to the prettiest girl at that particular 
table. Each table accommodates four persons and a boy, and 
is waited upon by two picked waiters, one of whom is attired 
in a superb swallow-tail coat, cut bias, and a Frodsham watch, 
and who brings in the solid gold dishes; while the other is ar- 
rayed in the costume of a fourteenth century troubadour, and 
accompanies the conversation on a mandolin. All the waiters 
wear glasses, and are graduates of Howard College at Wash- 
ington. They are required to parse the butter in seven lan- 
guages. On a raised dais in the center of the room a troupe of 
sixty beautiful Persian dancing girls, specially selected (none 
genuine without the name of the maker blown on the bottle), 
will dance during the meals the Saraband, or Eliza-band, if 
preferred. (If you don't see what you want, ask for it.) Pro- 
fessor Herman has been engaged as hat taker, and will produce 
a rabbit and a hoop skirt from each and every hat before re- 
turning it to the guest. Just before the conclusion of dinner, 
Mr. Leland and Mr. Smith will enter at opposite ends of the 
dining saloon, mounted on solid bonanza silver veloci- 
pedes, and will make graceful curves around each table, hand- 
ing every waiter at the same time a new trade dollar. This will 
obviate the necessity of feeing the waiters, and is a truly 
thoughtful convenience to the public. 

The male facilities are as perfect as can be devised. Any 
lady in the house failing to receive a letter, one will be im- 
mediately written by a corps of talented young Complete letter- 
writers, kept for the express purpose, and at once sent up on a 
silver salver. There are thirty-four elevators in all — four for 
passengers, ten for baggage, and twenty for mixed drinks. Each 
elevator contains a piano and a bowling alley. Harry 
Leslie will cross on the tight rope from one gallery to the other 
at the twenty-second level every morning at ten o'clock, and im- 
mediately after lunch some of John Wilso 's Indians will lasso 
buffaloes in the court below, for the exp.ess benefit of those 
English tourists who always take their breech-loaders along 
when they go as far as the Post Office. 

The above will give the anxious reader a slight, though im- 
perfect, idea of the giant hostelrie of the Pacific, which, after 
all, must be seen to be thoroughly taken in. But when it is un- 
derstood that the whole of the above bewildering magnificence 
can be enjoyed by the public for the insignificant trifle of 
eighty-two bits a day, the reader will feel like stopping to take 
breath with. Derrick Dodd. 

Your Outing Trip Will Not Be Complete 
Without A Bottle of 






134-140 Sacramento St. San Francisco, Cal. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

When the Great Comstock Bonanzas Began to Pour Into the City 

THE NORTH SIDE OF California STREET, near Sansome street, looking west, showing the headquarters of I. & W. Sellgman Company. 

Bankers. 413 California street, at the time the firm was incorporated with the Anglo-California Bank In the '70'B. This was of the several 

early mergers that grew into the present influential and progressive Anglo & London Paris National Bank. 

Romantic Rise of the Anglo & London Pans 
National Bank 

BANK in California has the romantic and peculiar in- 
terest attached to its birth and extraordinary develop- 
ment as that of the Anglo & London Paris National 
Bank. The average business man would likely insist that it 
was born under a !_cky star. A seasoned financier would de- 
clare it was founde j and guided on sound horse-sense rules in 
banking. From either viewpoint this institution is the healthy 
result of two independent successful growths in local banking, 
the roots of both running back to the pioneer days when sub- 

stantial merchants added banking facilities to their merchandise 
departments in order to accommodate their customers in hand- 
ling gold dust and exchange. 

It sounds like a grinning paradox, but the Anglo & London 
Paris National Bank, as it stands in the light of Success to-day, 
was really born on the side-counter of a silk importing store 
in those extraordinary early commercial times when merchants 
prided themselves on handling any kind of business that 
came along. Alexander Weill, brother of Raphael Weill, 
president of the present White House here, handled the busi- 
ness of the thriving silk importing firm of Lazard Freres. He 
readily discovered, in the exchange between this city and Paris, 


corner Sansome and Pine streets. Reconstructed after the biy: lire of 1906. 
Before the fire the bank occupied a four-story building in which it bad 
conducted business for twenty years. The management of this was the 
first to resume business down town after the fire. 


streets, In the early '80's, The site was later occupied bj the present 
handsome structure of the consolidated Anglo & London Parle National 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


Birds-Eye View of the Peninsula of San Francisco in 1869 

*+?. ~5s^>-^ 

BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE PENINSULA OF SAN FRANCISCO IN 1E69, showing the water front anil the fairway through the Golden Gate 
10 the Pacific Ocean. From a lithograph by Snow & May. Reproduced by permission of the owner, H P. Schwerln, and imu in the Pioneer Sec- 
tion, Museum, Golden Gate Park. 

that interest on open credits was unusually high here and low 
abroad. Advantage was taken of this difference, and the firm 
became so prosperous that the owners elected to sell the silk 
business and devote themselves exclusively to banking. In 
September, 1876, they opened the Lazard Freres Bank at 409 
California street. In 1884, for purposes of wider influence, they 
reorganized under a charter in London, Eng., with the title 
London & Paris American Bank, Ltd., with headquarters in 
London. Eugene Meyer and Charles Altschul were the mana- 
gers. In 1893 Mr. Eugene Meyer went to New York, and Mr. 
Sig. Greenebaum joined Mr. Altschul in the local management. 

The business, however, was almost exclusively here. That 
was the growth of one branch of development that formed the 
present successful Anglo & London Paris National Bank. 

The other thriving branch likewise had its root in the estab- 
lishment of a successful pioneer merchant, J. Seligman, who 
shifted from merchandise into banking under the name of the 
Anglo Californian Bank. Ltd., which incorporated in London in 
1873. The managers of the new institution were Ignatz Stein- 
hart and R. G. Sneath. Sneath was followed in the manage- 
ment by Governor F. F. Low. Low resigned, and the late Phil 

N. Lilienthal became co-manager with Mr. Steinhart. Soon af- 
ter Phil Lilienthal's untimely death, the London Paris & Ameri- 
can Bank, Ltd., consolidated with the Anglo Californian Bank, 

March 6, 1907, Mr. Herbert Fleishhacker was elected vice- 
presient, and swift changes in organization and expansion 
rapidly developed. Sixteen months later the bank had entered 
the National banking system under the title of London Paris 
National Bank, with Herbert Fleishhacker as president. Ten 
months later the institution took over the business of the Anglo 
Californian Bank, Ltd., and the consolidation of these two big 
and thriving institutions became the present successful Anglo 
& London Paris National Bank. 

This week, President Fleishhacker reached out and absorbed 
the commercial department of the International Banking Cor- 
poration, some $2,000,000 in deposits. When this important 
transfer is completed in all details, the rapidly growing deposits 
of the Anglo & London Paris National Bank will reach $50,- 
U00, making it the leader of iis kind on the Pacific Coast. 


National Hank- 

Dewar Scotch Whisky 

Awarded Gold Medal 

At Panama-Pacific International Exposition 
San Francisco 

Sherwood & Sherwood 

Pacific Coast Agents 
San Francisco Los Angeles 


San Diego 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Scorifying the "New" City Hall of 1 876 

From the S. F. News Letter of January 1st of that year. 

jOME of our statesmen ( ?) — hofficials — say it 
cost one million four hundred thousand dol- 
lars to lay the foundation of the new City 
Hall. A man may tell the truth with no fur- 
ther motive than to give information, but 
when he evades the truth there is a lurking 
object behind the lie. What the little game 
is may never be known to the inhabitants 
of Pitcairn Island, but the people who hear the brass-faced ig- 
noramuses who murder the Queen's English in the Legislative 
halls — good Lord preserve us! — of California, and in the dirty 
and nasty old barracks on the corner of Kearny and Washington 
streets used as a City Hall — may the good Lord pickle us for 
using it for a City Hall — remember that the site where the new 
City Hall is not being built — ye may thank barroom architects 
for that, sir — was a mammoth sand hill, which employed steam 
paddies and a steam railroad several months to remove it; 
also that an extensive excavation for the foundation had to be 
made, which required time and money. All this preparation for 
the foundation, so much harped upon by the non-taxpaying 
frauds whose elbows are out when not in city, State or national 
positions, when not fed and clothed at public expense. The first 
story of the grand structure is far advanced, and the Hall of 
Records is ribbed for the roof. With the building standing so 
far advanced before him, the politician, with the brass and im- 
pudence of a government mule, will tell you that the foundation 
only is laid, and that it has cost one million four hundred 
thousand dollars. The press sends the little speech (?) 
abroad, and the outside world swallows the pill and becomes 
purged of all confidence in our mechanical and financial ability 
to build a City Hall, or to conduct our municipal government 
with any degree of honesty or intelligence. May the good Lord 
hurry up our deliverance from the base impostors who steal 
into the place, and who assume the airs of American statesmen. 
We know that we are to be delivered, that we are 
to be entirely delivered, from the inflictions we have mutely 
and blushingly borne at the hands of these ignorant, unedu- 
cated, unqualified, unscrupulous and brass-mouthed pot-house 
politicians, who come to America and go straight for public 
offices, public buildings, public streets, and even public sewers, 
for money, money, money, to steal, and rob, and plunder. O 
Lynch! thou stern, just and terrible judge, when will thy court 
be again opened in the queen city of the Pacific? Never, we 
hope — that the young Tweeds blossoming in our midst may not 
bloom into the full and perfect rose. Verily, the News Letter 
says unto you (and the News Letter is not a false prophet) 
the people of San Francisco will stand no nonsense. Verily, 
there is a border you cannot pass with either profit or safety. 
The time has come when the facts connected with the new City 
Hall ought to be dug up out of the mountain of lies piled upon 
them by those who have said in their hearts, "there are millions 
in it, and we will go for them." We promise to give the facts 
and figures of the cost of the work and material in the new City 
Hall to date, and to give a history of the origin and progress of 
the conspiracy formed to stop its construction for a time — to 
show how the Call was drawn into the service of the schemers, 
and to show that the same persons are now working like Trojans 
to get possession of the work. Dear good people, the News Let- 
ter will open your eyes, and will show you the little game that 
the immortal Daniel O'Connell, nor any of his descendants, did 
not put up, but which was nevertheless put up to gull you and 
to rob the city. The gulling part has proved an immense suc- 
cess, but the robbing of the city will not be so easily accom- 
plished. It will prove an unsuccessful and an unhealthy under- 
taking. The city does not want to borrow money from the stock 
sharps, who do their most extensive mining in the pockets of 
the people. The city must not be robbed in any of the schemes, 
either in gas, water, or in public buildings. The eye of vigilance 
is open, and the thieves will not be allowed to grab and run 
away with their plunder. More anon. 


Charles Meinecke & Co. 

Importers and Distillers' Agents 
314 Sacramento St. San Francisco, Cat. 

Pacific Coast Agents for 



In these warm summer days, go to Jules' inviting restau- 
rant, 675 Market street, just below Third, where a cool, refresh- 
ing special lunch is served, 40 cents. Attractive surroundings 
and the best of service. Dinner, a la carte, with wine, $1.00. 
Dancing and the best of music. 

Anc"- e Ml" HEIDSIECK fondet en 1785 

KUNKELMANN&C?Succ r . s 


MACKIE & CO. Islay, Scotland 


BOORD & SON London, England 


I. A. I. NOLET Schiedam, Holland 


BOUTELLEAU & CO. Cognac, France 



WARRE & CO. Oporto, Portugal 



CLARETS, Etc. Bordeaux, France 


BURGUNDIES Nuits, France 


HOCK WINES Mayence, Germany 

FREUND, BALLOR &. CO Torino, Italy 


Greenbrier, Nelson Co., Kentucky 
"R. B. Hayden" & "Greenbrier" WHISKIES 



60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


The Week's Doings Skewered on Pointed Paragraphs 

The heavy rains at Nogales should suit the Oregon con- 
tingent, at least. 

The preparedness parade should succeed after all this 

preparedness for it. 

What a pity that strikes couldn't be conducted with 

brains instead of bludgeons. 

The French are reported to have captured the town of 

Hem. Sewed it up, probably. 

The land sharks at the Eastern summer resorts have 

been outdone by the sea sharks. 

"It isn't done, you know," is the British attitude toward 

the German commercial submarine. 

Nothing surprises tyrannical unions, accustomed to hav- 
ing their own way, so much as concerted opposition. 

Many of the Mexicans are fighting for principle — but 

most of chem are willing to fight for the highest bidder. 

The war threatened at first to wreck the Exposition ; now 

the sale of wreckage at war prices is enriching the Exposition. 

Every move toward peace in Mexico causes a shudder 

among those who are demanding intervention regardless of cir- 

The German military experts seem to think they can re- 
sist unlimited British and French ammunition with expressions 
of optimism. 

Some of the militiamen at Nogales complain because 

they are not properly shod. They forget that a great military 
authority said that troops march on their bellies. 

i — ; — Woman acquitted in an Oakland court tried to kiss the 
judge. It would be a hard-hearted and ungallant judge who 
would call that contempt of court. 

Canned meat of the vintage of 1903 was fed to the 

militia on the border last week, and ptomaine resulted. Bull 
is as dangerous as bullets. 

The California dentists, in convention here, have de- 
clared themselves for defense. Their miserable patients are the 
ones who need to organize for defense. 

The medal for pessimism must be awarded to Sir H. 

Rider Haggard, who announces that he sees another war com- 
ing between Great Britain and Germany. 

The sheriff of Contra Costa County publishes to the 

world the important fact that he believes Hughes will be the 
next president. All we need now to settle it is an expression 
of confidence from the town marshall of Puyallup. And ain't 
the constable of Cow Gulch got nothing to say about it? 

There is no truth in the report that the Hotel Del Monte 

has installed a cafeteria, so that the Los Angeles contingent 
at the training camp may feel more at home. 

Militiamen who went to Nogales to fight Mexicans find 

that instead they have to battle with scorpions, horned toads, 
Gila monsters and tarantulas. It's exciting, but not real sol- 

Some of the pacifists are advocating sending beans in- 
stead of bullets into Mexico. That would be all right if we 
could be assured of not getting back bullets in exchange for 
the beans. 

The millionaires who are learning the hardships of a 

waiter's life through actual experience at the training camp at 
Monterey are likely to be more liberal in their tips when they 
get back to town. 

A dozen labor union leaders in Chicago have been con- 
victed of extorting money from employers, and selling out the 
organizations they represent. They, instead of so-called scabs, 
should be the targets for union men's bricks. 

These Friday to Monday cruises that the president takes 

on the Mayflower are looked on with little favor by the poli- 
ticians who think that one of the duties of a president is always 
to be on hand ready to be pestered by patriots seeking favors. 

Automobiles bring about good roads, which in turn en- 
courage the purchase of more automobiles, because of which 
more good roads are built, inciting a further purchase of cars. 
All of which indicates that unless airships come to the rescue 
the community will have room for nothing but roads and 

The fight that Collector Davis is making on the impor- 
tation of a set of Rabelais would certainly appeal to old Rab's 
sense of humor, if he could know of it — and his ribald com- 
ments on the episode would shock Mr. Davis even more than 
the books do. 

Advertising pays — as a rule; but one Thomas Mooney, 

I. W. W. agitator, discovered that advertising a street car 
strike results in the traffic company having a lot of reserve men 
in the streets, and the city having plenty of police out to squelch 
the trouble. So the strike that Mr. Mooney heralded, then 
started, died in its very earliest infancy. 

Some of the troops on the border lack shoes, and others 

lack food, and others are shy of horses, and some have been 
poisoned by eating stale fish, and others have acquired pto- 
maines because of feeding on beef packed in 1903 for the 
Philippines. Otherwise our fightir.g lads are well equipped and 
well fed. 

" Established Twenty Years 

(From the News Letter Files of 40 Years Agoi 

The king is dead; long live the king — 

Men shout when monarchs die; 
A year is dead ; a year is born — 

Is now our joyful cry. 
Let those who have no good to come 

Lament the good that's past ; 
We hope too much from our next year 

To whimper for our last. 

For twenty years this ancient sheet 

The freshest news has told; 
But every year its voice has grown 

Still stronger than of old. 
For twenty thousand years it hopes 

The freshest news to tell 
While millions of subscribers hark 

Unto the Crier's bell. 

Though scalded parsons may have found 
Our "Droppings" rather hot, 

It was because we wished to wash 
Their vestures free from spot; 

Though "Docs" diplomaless make moan 
Because we proved them frauds. 

Yet every man who owes them cash 
Our virtuous course applauds. 

Though we have told a heap of "Lies," 

Our lies are always true; 
If people will object to facts, 

What can a paper do? 
And though maybe the Crier's pen, 

Is sometimes dipped in gall, 
It's better to be cruel sharp 

Than not be sharp at all. 

So as we've done for twenty years 

We'll do again — aye, more; 
The whip shall be swung higher yet 

To make the humbugs roar. 
It's doubtless pleasanter to deal 

With things all sweet and nice, 
But then our harder mission is 

To shake the throat of vice. 

San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 


The News Letter is proud of the 
Our Sixtieth fact that it is celebrating its Sixtieth 

Anniversary. anniversary, this week. To be ex- 

act, it is really celebrating its Sixty- 
Fifth Anniversary, and is the oldest published periodical on the 
Pacific Coast. The News Letter was really founded by Fred 
Marriott, Sr., in 1851. Its publication ran along till the alluring 
Fraser river gold excitement created an overpowering rush to 
British Columbia. Marriott abandoned the News Letter and 
joined the mad stampede. After a round of experience in the 
mining camps there he returned to San Francisco, and with Al- 
fred Wheeler established a bank. In 1856 he resumed the pub- 
lication of the News Letter, and it has been issued regularly 
ever since. Several copies of this early issue of the News Let- 
ter, dated in 1851, are scattered in libraries on the Pacific Coast, 
a spare few of them being in collections of pioneer relics in this 
city. Of the surviving daily newspapers of that early period, 
The Evening Bulletin issued its first paper, October 8, 1855, and 
the Morning Call, now the Evening Call, was started by several 
printers in 1856. The News Letter is the only survivor among 
these pioneer publications that has teen under the continuous 
management of one family for 
over sixty years. 

President Lilienthal and 
The Open Shop. 

No greater compliment 
could be paid to the consistent 
"square deal" policy of Presi- 
dent Lilienthal of the United 
Railroads than that of the 
loyal and steadfast attitude of 
the platform employees in the 
company who were unsuccess- 
fully threatened or cajoled by 
union labor agitators to start 
a strike on the car lines of that 
company. Some of them were 
badly beaten. The united tes- 
timonial letter to President 
Lilienthal of these hundreds of 
independent employees, pub- 
lished in the daily press, state 
firmly: "We beg to state that 
the employees of the United 
Railroads of San Francisco, 
one and all, consider the labor 
problem, in so far as it relates 
to our employment, settled for 
the reasons following: 

"Briefly, these reasons are 
that the employees are privileged to approach any of the offi- 
cials of the company and make known their causes of com- 
plaint or request, and receive just consideration; as a body 
their desires are made known through their organization, the 
U. R. R. Athletic and Social Club, recognized and supported 
by the officials of the company. In closing, we wish to state 
that we are perfectly satisfied with all the conditions surround- 
ing our employment, and we see no logical reason why the men 
in the employ of the United Railroads should organize, and fur- 
ther, we do not want to organize any such union." 

This independent, open letter and its significance should be 
made a historical document in the records of labor unionism in 
this country, a compelling illustration of what can be done with 
the open shop when conducted by men of the principles, sym- 
pathy and understanding of President Lilienthal. No such 
piece of masterful constructive industrial uplift has been done 
for the open shop in this city. No better answer has ever been 
given to unionism and the closed shop. 

through the generations, lawyers of select big practice have en- 
deavored to maintain the old-time custom. Their plea to Solon 
is "Give me one big case that I may make the stake of my life 
out of it." Evidently Attorney Partridge entertained some such 
notion when he asked for a fee of $140,000 as compensation for 
his services as counsel for the receivers in the Western Pacific 
Railroad case, service that extended fifteen months by the clock. 
That fee is almost twice the amount that Charley Chaplin re- 
ceives for his comedy walk, and the United States, with all its 
Preparedness, will never submit to a local bay county attorney 
getting that much on his nervy comedy demand for such a gar- 
gantuan fee. Naturally, the ordinary layman regards the de- 
mand as a joke and grins over it, because it comes out of a big 
corporation's pocket. With the boot on the other foot the grin 
would become a savage growl. Under the acid test of the State 
Railroad Commission the amount of the fee shrunk visibly in 
their view. Naturally it was compared with the $50,000 annual 
salary of the President of the United States, with his onerous 
duties and grave perplexities; the responsible services of the 
Governor of this State, with his $10,000 annual salary; the At- 
torney-General of the State, who gets $6,000 a year for handling 

greater problems than those in 
the Western Pacific insol- 
vency; a payment almost 18 
times as large as the Chief 
Justice of the State, who 
passes judgment on matters of 
a hundred fold more import- 
ance, and a stipend more than 
twelve times the annual salary 
of the president and general 
manager of the Western Pa- 
cific. As a piece of nerve, it is 
transcendent and well worth 
the price of admission to see 
it displayed in court. 

Safety First in Revenue. 

The new revenue bill now 
before the House touches 
practically every man and cor- 
poration in the country, for it 
deals with everything from 
personal income to a tariff 
commission and anti-dumping 
legislation, the last an effort 
to prevent the belligerents 
from dumping their goods in 
this country at undercut prices 
so as to run manufacturers 
here out of certain lines of 

worse Mum 
-Morris in I tin 

New York Indcprnttcnl 

Rome was famous for the fees the 
lawyers there did not get, and there 
were some monstrous fees in Cae- 
sar's time, while the booty of the 
nations of the earth was pouring into the Eternal City. Down 

As to Partridge's 
Little Fee-Fo-Fum. 

output in order to recover the trade for Europe. The prominent 
points in this revenue bill are: A levy on all inheritances above 
$50,000. A tax of from 5 to 8 per cent on the gross receipts 
from the sale of munitions of war. Special tax on bankers, 
brokers, pawnbrokers, circuses, billiard halls, theatres, ets. The 
doubling of the basic rate of the income tax and appreciably 
higher surtaxes. Protected duties for a limited time on imported 
dye stuffs in order to encourage American manufacturers. Re- 
peal of the stamp tax sections of the emergency revenue bill 
of October 22, 1914, and the retention in modified form of the 
special taxes carried in that measure. 

More than anything else, this bill shows that the Democrats 
have taken the bull by the horns, and are straining every energy 
to solve the tariff and other vital international and domestic 
problems occasioned by the present war. Legislative tradition 
has at last been swept aside, and for once some signs of horse- 
sense is being diplayed in an endeavor to handle the country's 
affairs in a practical manner. The cost of legislation shows no 
sign of abating. That is too much to expect from any political 

In 1858 Leavenworth street was the western border line 

of the town. Beyond were sand dunes and milk ranches. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 



The great French military academy of St. Cyr,- about which 
so much is heard in these days, was, of course, founded by 
Napoleon. One of Napoleon's chief military difficulties was to 
obtain officers for his new armies, and it was mainly with a 
view to overcoming this difficulty that he organized the great 
military college at St. Cyr-L'Ecole. He specially wanted to 
secure good cavalry leaders, and, convinced of the necessity of 
such leaders being of "good family," he issued the curious in- 
struction that those who fulfilled requirements in this respect 
should be "examined with indulgence as regards knowledge of 

arithmetic and geometry." 

* * * 

From a strictly economic point of view, the large increase in 
United States imports of precious stones during the fiscal year 
ended June 30th is not a favorable development. According 
to figures just given out, imports of this class of goods at the 
port of New York amounted to the enormous total of $44,587,- 
826, as compared with $14,760,847 for the previous year, and 
$33,183,735 for 1914. Buying of such articles, reflects great 
prosperity, but is also indicative of extravagance, which always 

accompanies a period of prosperity. 

* * * 

Practically all professions are, of course, represented at the 
front in the present war, and the varieties of callings which may 
be found in a single tent in camp or in a single trench section 
must, indeed, often be remarkable. Speaking at a meeting of 
the Actors' Benevolent Association, recently, H. B. Irving made 
it clear that actors were by no means behindhand in contribut- 
ing their quota. "Over 2,000 actors," Mr. Irving said, "are at 
the front, and it is doubtful if any profession can show a big- 
ger percentage." Apparently, moreover, they do their bit in 
more ways than one. Most people, by this time, are familiar 
with the tale of the former juggler and tight-rope walker who 
kept his own comrades, to say nothing of the enemy, in a state 
of breathless inactivity as he walked along a barbed-wire en- 
tanglement and performed wonderful feats with six hand 


The course of afternoon lectures given at the Fairmont Hotel, 
Tuesday afternoons, by the University Extension, under the 
auspices of the Grace Cathedral Extension, will close next 
Tuesday afternoon, July 25th, with a discussion of the Book of 
Job, by Morris Jastrow, Jr., Ph. D., L. L. D. Professor Jastrow 
is professor of Semitic languages in the University of Califor- 
nia, author of The Hebrew and Babylonian Traditions, The 
Civilization of Babylonia and Assyria, etc. He has done an 
enormous amount of platform work since his arrival here to de- 
liver a special series of lectures before the annual summer ses- 
sion at the University of California. He is considered one of 
the most famous living authorities on the origin of religion. Of 
all the books of the Bible, the Book of Job is one of those which 
lequires the keenest philosophical insight for its understanding. 
It is considered the masterpiece of Hebrew thought. In the 
light of his profound knowledge of Babylonian, Assyrian, He- 
brew and Christian lore. Professor Jastrow will make an ex- 
position of the philosophical and religious problems involved 
in the dialogues between Job and his companions. Professor 
Jastro has been the official delegate of the United States gov- 
ernment to international congresses of Orientalists at Rome, 
Copenhagen and Athens, and at various international con- 
gresses for the Congress of Religions at Oxford and again at 
Leyden. For more than thirty years he has been an active 
member of the American Oriental Society. 

Tickets for this interesting lecture may be had at Sherman 
& Clay's, Sutter and Kearny streets. Single admissions, 75c. 


The extraordinary struggle now going on among the shipping 
men of the world to buy vessels or grab charters by paying large 
bonuses is exemplified locally by the bonuses offered the ship- 
building firm of Moore & Scott. The George W. McNear Com- 
pany and the Rolph Navigation and Coal Company have agreed 
to pay a total bonus of $135,000. Three shifts of men are now 
rushing work to complete the vessels as early as possible. The 
McNear vessel is promised in two months before the regular 

contract time, and the Rolph vessel 30 days in advance. In 
pressing this work the shifts put in thirty-two hours during the 
twenty-four hour stretch, and of course get extra pay. The 
firm has received numbers of orders of late to rehabilitate old 
vessels into proper shape so as to safely get them into the con- 
test of earning the extraordinary big sea freight rates now pre- 
vailing. The scarcity of vessels is largely due to the big fleets 
of carriers of the belligerent nations being interned by the war 
in foreign ports, the loss of many vessels by submarines, float- 
ing mines and other forms of war, the commandeering of many 
big liners for use as transports and other war uses. Practically 
every shipyard in the world is working overtime to supply the 
extraordinary demand for deep sea freighters to serve the in- 
sistent demands of the international commerce of the world. 

First Girl — What's biology mean? Second Girl — Why, 

it's the science of shopping, I suppose. — Boston Transcript. 

Wedding Presents — The choicest variety to select from at 
Marsh's, who is now permanently located at Post and Powell 

W. i}. Fennimore 

A. R Fennimore 

, J. W D'.vis / / / / 

181 Post Street I 

2508 Mission St. 

1221 Broadway, Oakland 

San Francisco 

Local Optical Firm 

Keeps Abreast 

of the Times 

A local optica] Company de- 
serves a ureal deal of credil Eor 
their enterprise in bringing to 
the people of the Pacific Coast 
the newly patented "Caltex" 
Onepiece Bifocals. These won- 
derful double vision lensi s are 
superior in ei ery waj to i he 
old style bifocals. They are 
actually ground from onepiece 
of clear and perfecl optical 
glass and combine reading and 
distance glasses in one lens. 
When worn they have ilie ap- 
pearance of regulnr glasses. 
Substitutes are being offered so 
remember the name and insist 
upon having genuine") nit ex" 
Onepiece Bifocals. 

Los Angeles 





San Jose Sacramento San Francisco 


KODAK finishing done by EXPERTS, 
for your films. 

We will send 


Phone Kearny 3841 

Novelties lor "Welcoming" and 
"Bon Voyage" Packages 

Flowers Delivered to Any Part of 
the World 





The Standard Pan-r for Basil 

snrj ." Th" typewriter papers ere sold in anra< ih ■■ and durable rn-.x*r> containing Btc 

hundred perfect sheet*, plain or marginal n ■nnerripl co 

similar boxes containing one hundred she* 

Order throu your printer or stationer. <.r . wv will send a sarn; 

showing the emir. . 


Established 1855 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

Selections From "The Town Crier" of the Middle '70's 

Among the Brilliant Contributors of that Period were Betsy B (Mrs. Joseph Austin) and Derrick Dodd (Frank H. Gassawayi 

Miss Parker, the English girl with a swim-bladder, is 

coming to this country to show herself in her native element. 
Now, a woman who shows herself for money, in a sleeveless 
undershirt and a pair of brief drawers, cannot reasonably ob- 
ject to being described; and as some of our susceptible con- 
temporaries have already begun to lose their hearts to this 
Naiad from merely reading their own accounts of her charms, 
we propose to coldly state in what these consist; for we have 
seen a good deal of the young woman — there is a good deal of 
her to see. Miss Parker has the head of a goblin set upon the 
body of an alderman, without visible neck. Her arm is like a 
leg of beef. We will not speak of her legs, for she has none 
to speak of, her feet being joined to her stomach at the instep. 
She swims by wagging her toes. But the crowning absurdity of 
her anatomical make-up is her stomach — marvelous in its meas- 
ureless immensity, of matchless rotundity, tense as a drum and 
light as a balloon. Altogether, this "sweet English swimmer" 
is the most grotesquely malfavored and preposterous orbicular 
impostrix that ever the outraged male of her species felt in- 
spired to pelt with pebbles as she swam. In deference to the 
feelings of a Titanic brother men seldom do pelt her, but if 
she is ever seen cruising unattended in American seas it will be 
the policy of this paper to urge upon the government the ex- 
pediency of dispatching a war vessel to blow her out of the 

As this is the Week of Prayer, the Town Crier has ob- 
served it, so far, as follows : On Monday he prayed for all those 
in authority whom he thought worthy to be saved, naming them. 
This occupied about five minutes. Then for all those in au- 
thority — naming them — for whom he thought intercession would 
do any good. That did not take quite so long. On Tuesday he 
prayed that Christians might continue to cut one another's 
throat, the world over, in order that many impressive "last 
words" might be spoken for the instruction of survivors. He 
arose from his knees with a peaceful conviction of affirmative 
response. Wednesday was devoted to interceding for the es- 
cape of all prisoners; freedom of body being a condition neces- 
sary to liberty of conscience. On Thursday he asked for the 
death of all whose views regarding a future state differ from 
those he has the honor to hold himself to the end that they may 
be brought to a knowledge of their error by seeing for them- 
selves. Being compelled on Friday — that was yesterday — to 
sit down and smile out these two columns, he had time only to 
pray that they might charm the editor and worry the reader. 
To-day he will humbly petition that the parsons, through the 
mercy that they do not merit, may be spared the punishment 
they deserve; and to-morrow, it being the Sabbath, he devoutly 
goes a-fishing. 

A large pelican was recently killed, and a post mortem 

examination revealed in its maw a judicial election ticket. A 
mournful interest attaches to this ballot, which should be 
handed down to posterity as a souvenir of patriotism. It shows 
that our excellent system of an elective judiciary has in it some- 
thing that profoundly stirs the human heart, even in the throes 
of dissolution. Behold a vision! A shipwrecked sailor strug- 
gles in the monstrous turmoil of the sea; a pelican hovering 
above is waiting for his eyes. Suddenly it swoops perilously 
near, and its colossal beak springs open with a click. An arm 
is thrust from the waves, and the regular Democratic ticket 
is deposited in the creature's pouch. Then the conscientious 
elector, having fulfilled the highest, holiest duty of an Ameri- 
can citizen, sinks out of sight, his smile of resignation floating 
confusedly for an instant on the surface, then fading placidly 
away as the great bird, weighted with its new responsibility, 
wings its flight landward, to be shot and opened. Perdition 
seize the ruffian who shall dare to challenge the validity of the 
vote ! 

The United States District Attorney has begun suit to 

condemn certain lands required for the damming and diversion 
of a river near San Diego. He expects a good deal of opposi- 
tion, but he is a sanguine soul, and a jocular, and he says he'll 
be diverted if that river be not dammed, and he'll be damned 
if it shan't be diverted. The naughty man. 

The Modoc brave whe was consigned to Alcatraz for 

life has served out his term, and gone to join Captain Jack. 
Through the kindness of a spirit medium, we are enabled to lay 
before our readers the following report of their meeting in the 
Happy Hunting Grounds. "Brother," said Captain Jack, ad- 
vancing to meet the new arrival, "stands 'Frisco where it did, 
and is the Paleface living? Encroaches he upon the lava-beds 
of the Red Man, dispersing the succulent grasshopper, and 
crunching with his iron heel the edible pine nut?" "Yes," re- 
plied the other, folding his brown arms and flashing his painted 
eye; "yes, my chief, it is even so. The enemy of the Modoc 
multiplies as the red fruit of the manzanita, and the children of 
the plain perish from before his face!" "Marches the spotty 
smallpox in his wake, and are our squaws and papooses unwell 
of its caress?" " 'Tis true; they fall before the plague as fall 
the yellow leaves in autumn. In the breath of his body our 
warriors wither and our sachems turn to dust." "Sells he still 
for skins and wampum the crooked fire water that infuses the 
feet, explodes the head, and is fatal at four times ten rods?" 
"He does." "Ugh!" sighed the superior spirit, drawing the 
folds of his unsubstantial blanket about him and choking with 
emotion, "me heep fool Modoc to make damn trouble!" And 
this penitent Shade glided thoughtfully away in pursuit of the 
Elysian but unsatisfactory beetle. 

Dr. Ellenwood of the United States Marine Hospital, 

wants the Supervisors to prohibit the sale of liquor within one 
mile of that deserving institution, established for the employ- 
ment of able-bodied medicos in the restoration of convalescents 
to disease. It is to be wished that in the multiplicity of his offi- 
cial duties this worthy gentleman would spare the time to re- 
frain from promoting impossible legislation against incurable 
evils which have not the honor to concern him. We must beg 
he will not waste his valuable energy in sentimental sorties 
against the investing lines of King Rum. If he must be up and 
doing, let him put his stronghold in a complete state of defense 
by mounting all his physic bottles en barbette upon the outer 
wall. If the besieging publicans are not dismayed by the ap- 
palling display it will be because they lack the military instinct 
to perceive his overwhelming superiority in the means of de- 

The Christian Worker, conducted by a sinful drone whose 

stomach receiving a bit of honestly earned bread, would cast it 
contemptuously in his teeth, offers a Bible as a prize for the best 
"Advice to Mothers on the Training of their Daughters." In 
the hope of obtaining this rare and valuable work, we venture 
to suggest that the daughters be trained to unhand the regressive 
boomerang; to walk to windward of the deadly upas tree; to 
cultivate relations of estrangement with the objectionable ban- 
shee; to renounce the misleading habit of consorting with 
were-wolves; to beware the dreadful avalanche, and shun the 
sea-serpent in his beauty, the matelstrom in its strength, nor 
cally with Ophir at 68; to love their News Letter as themselves, 
and eschew the "Christian Worker." 

In the State of Tennessee there are more dogs than men, 

yet only four millions of dollars per annum are paid for their 
maintenance — a sum that would hardly suffice for the support 
of the State's paupers. It is hoped the proposed remission of 
the school tax will enable the people to keep these worthy crea- 
tures in a style more befitting their dignity. In order that this 
diversion of the school fund to a higher and holier purpose 
may not cause the children to grow up in ignorance, we venture 
to suggest that they be given to the dogs. 

"Col. Chauncey Barnes," who describes himeslf as "the 

great medium and prophet of the century," has been lecturing 
on "the coming end of the world in 1881." We do not believe 
the world will cease to exist at the date mentioned ; we think if 
its Creator has become as tired of it as we have He will smash it 
on the Fourth of July of the present year, thus fitly terminating 
the first century of American independence. This will be a lit- 
tle hard on Philadelphia, but thank heaven, it will rid us of 
Colonel Chauncey Barnes. 

—From S. F. News Letter, Jan. IS, 1876. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


"The Lords of the Dawn." 

This volume, the first and only novel published this year on 
the Pacific Coast, will prove unusually entertaining to the 
many readers who are attracted by the romantic side of Jap- 
anese life. The tale pictures the awakening of the national 
spirit of Japan during that stirring, eventful period of 1854- 
1890, which was ushered in by Commodore Perry knocking on 
the door of the Exclusive Island. The theme centers on an am- 
bitious political project of a high nobleman, Lord Yo-Ake, 
which rudely tangles the skeins of devotion of several lovers. 
They are .swept along in the intensely dramatic rush of his- 
torical events which transferred the old-time power of the Sho- 
gunate to the Imperial family, and brought the Mikado into 
direct rule of the nation. George Turner Marsh and Ronald 
Temple, the authors, know intimately Japan and Japanese life, 
character and aspirations. In this book they have embodied 
the living spirit of Japan. 

The prologue happily strikes the keynote of the political 
theme. It is skilfully introduced by a legend artfully narrated 
by an old traveling hanashika, an actor story-teller, to a group 
of retainers gathered in the courtyard of Yo-Ake's castle. It 
deals with the adventures of a ronin, a noble warrior, in quest 
of the "City of Heart's Desire." The moral of the tale happens 
to hit the individual predicament of two noblemen who overhear 
it from a balcony above where they are reposing. One of the 
noblemen has been commanded by the Shogun to commit sep- 
puku, self-immolation, that evening, in order to expiate his 
offense of having presumed to open his island domain to "For- 
eign Traffic," while the question of the demands of the United 
States, borne by Commodore Perry, was yet under debate. 
Perry's flotilla of foreign men-of-war, at the time tugged men- 
acingly at. their moorings ill Japanese waters. 

Various documents of intense import regarding several char- 
acters in the story were left by the dead nobleman with his 
friend, Lord Yo-Ake, owner of the castle and chief adviser of 
the Shogun, To Yo-Ake. Perry's visit and demands seemed a 
menace of Japan's future to him. He asked himself : "Why 
do these foreigners come to our shores with their armaments 
and demands? There must be something yet hidden they ex- 
pect to gain from us. It it that something we must seek and 
discover quickly." Forthwith he sends his only son, a lad of 
16, on a mission to foreign lands to discover "the keynote of 
the purpose of these foreigners." He is to bring back reports 
on the life and ambitions of these foreigners, social, political, 
military and geographical. 

According to the documents left in charge of the Lord Yo- 
Ake, the little five year old daughter of his friend is to marry 
this boy when they are of proper age. Lord Yo-Ake feels con- 
fident that he will be able to have the forfeited estates of his 
ward restored by decree of the Shogun, and in this wise the 
prologue slips naturally and illuminatingly into the first chap- 

As a sample of bookciafi the volume is all that could be de- 
sired and artistically reflects the character of the text with 
Japanese effects. The illustrations are by Chiura Obata, a 
Japanese artist of note, who expresses in line drawings a sym- 
pathetic interpretation of the text. After the book was written, 
some one discovered that a number of stanzas of Omar Khay- 
yam applied in spirit to certain chapters, and for that reason 
they were used. Mr. Marsh originally intended to entitle the 
book "The Chrysanthemum and the Lotus," the flowers which 
decorate the cover. Later the title "Lords of the Dawn" 
seemed more appropriate. 

Published by John J. Newbegin, 149 Grant avenue, San 

* * * 

"The Mythology of All Races." 

An effort is now being made to collect the mythical beliefs 
of the races of the world and treat them in a manner that will 

be interesting alike to the student and the layman, and thor- 
oughly comprehensive. If the ambitious project succeeds, "The 
Mythology of All Races," which is in the course of publication 
by the Marshall Jones Company of Boston, is a veritable boon 
to literature and to all students of thought in the past of the 
human race. The set, when completed, will consist of twelve 
volumes, and a comprehensive index. 

"The purposes of this set of books," says the publisher, "is 
to bring together the myths of each race, every volume being 
written by a scholar who has done special work in a particular 
field; and to illustrate these volumes, under the direction of 
the author, with images, masks and drawings, which give native 
conceptions of mythical tales and subjects as expressed in the 
art of the primitive races who hold these beliefs." 

The editor of the work is Louis Herbert Gray, fellow in 
classics at Princeton, and in Indo-European at Columbia, and 
assistant editor and contributor to Hasting's "Eycyclopedia of 
Religion and Ethics." The consulting editor is George Foot 
Moore, the well known professor of the history of religion at 
Harvard. The names of the editors are assurance that nothing 
will be left undone to make the work as valuable and authori- 
tative as possible. 

"American Government and Majority Rule." 

Edward Elliott, author of this book, contends that the Ameri- 
can government was "expressly constituted to prevent the 
direct and immediate expression of the will of the people;" 
that the reforms which have been made have been promptly 
utilized by "the forces which seek to control the government in 
the interest of their private fortunes;" and that a change in 
the form of government is desirable to secure majority rule. 
Dr. Elliott approves of the initiative and referendum, and, since 
impeachment is no longer practiced, he advocates a freer use 
of the recall. He thinks that the State governments should 
adopt the cabinet system, and he stands for one chamber, as 
against two. Most of these reforms have been widely debated. 
Dr. Elliott, though he writes clearly, has little to say about 
them that is new, and, where argument is needed, he is some- 
times content with mere suggestions. 

Dr. Elliott argues at length, and intelligently, in favor of an- 
nulling the provision of the federal constitution which requires 
that a member of Congress shall be a resident of the district 
which elects him. He thinks that the evils of the "pork barrel" 
would disappear if a congressman were not under obligations 
to "do something" for his constituents. He says, truly enough, 
that a career in politics would be possible under such conditions 
to many men who must now be elected by the district in which 
they live or not at all. Moreover, defeat in one district would 
not end a man's services, as he might soon succeed in another. 

This, of course, is the English system, and its adoption in 
America has been recommended before. But there is little evi- 
dence that Americans are willing to consider it seriously. The 
size of the country and the diversity of the interests make it 
desirable that congressmen should be familiar with the commu- 
nities which they represent. 

Price $1.25. Princeton University Press. 

* * * 

"With Serbia Into Exile." 

The Century Co. will publish during the next few weeks a 
work entitled "With Serbia into Exile : An American's Adven- 
tures with 'The Army That Cannot Die,' " by Fortier Jones. 
Mr. Jones is the only American who was with the Serbian army 
during the whole course of its retreat from the Danube to the 
Adriatic, and his work is said to be a vivid personal evocation 
of this second Belgium in its supreme agony, where old and 
young, handicapped by snow and sleet and almost impassable 
roads, beset by hunger and lack of ammunition, fought, fled 
and died. Mr. Jones took an active part in the relief work, 
which gave him an intimate experience of the poignant human 

side of the retreat. 

* * * 

Hitchcock Raps Government Service. 

In an article on jobs with a poor future in August American 
Magazine, Frank H. Hitchcock, the former Postmaster General, 
is quoted as saying: "The government service in Washington 
is a good place for a young man who wishes to pay his own ex- 
penses while receiving his education at one of the universities 
in Washington. But, after he has received his education, he is 
far better off out of the service than in it." 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 




Paid-up Capital 

Reserve Fund 

Reserve Liability of 

Aggregate Assets 
.'tlst March 1915 

- 13,000,000.00 
■ 17,500,000.00 


J. RUSSELL FRENCH, General Manager 

344 BRANCHES and AGENCIES in the Australian States, New Zealand. 
Fiji. Papua. I New Guinea), and London. The Bank transacts everj 
description of Australian Banking Business. Wool and other Produce 
Credits Arranged. 

Head Office: London Office: 




. Paid-up Capital $15,000,000 

.oum »,on r„ n ^JSSfi Reserve Fund 13,500,000 

JO^N AIRD General Maine- r _ _ *en nnn nt\n 

H. V. F. JONES Assistant General Mana K er | Aggregate Resource 250,000,000 

London Office, 2 Lombard Street, E. C. 

New York Office, 16 Exchange Place 

Branches in all parts of Canada, including Yukon Territory 

and at Seattle, Wash., Portland, Ore., and Mexico City 

All Kinds of Commercial Banking Transacted 


Bruce Heathcote. Manager 

A. A. Wilson, Assistant Manager 

The Anglo & London Paris National Bank 


Pai.l-I/p C»piU1 
Surplus iiki Undivided 

Tolal Reioureei 


J2.O10 BM 


Ciifiirinnn of tba Board 

HERBERT P i M;-ll 1 1 ',< I. l R Preiidont 

VfM B BlflH 




l ■ ■■■■ l'rr-*tdon 


Aiiiltant l'anhi«r 

AiaitUnt Cwhlu 


AmtUiit r».hier 

°® e German Savings & Loan Society 


Savings Incorporated 1868 Commercial 

526 California Street San Francisco, Cal. 

Mombei ol the Associated Savings Banks o( San Francisco 
The following Branches for R Ipt and Payment of Deposits only: 

MISSIOPTBRANCH, S. E. Corner Mission and 21st Streets 
RICHMOND DIST. BRANCH, S.W. Cor. Clement and 7th Ave. 
HAIGHT ST. BRANCH, S. W. Cor. Haight and Belvedere 

JUNE 30th, 1916: 

Assets $63,811,228.81 

Deposits 60,727.194.92 

Capital actually paid up in Cash $1,000,000.00 

Reserve and Contingent Fund 2,08-1,033.89 

Employees' Pension Fund 222,725.43 

Number of Depositors 68,062 

Office Hours: 10 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock P. M., except Saturdays to 
12 o'clock M. and Saturday evenings from 6 o'clock P. M. to 8 o'clock P. M. 
for receipt of deposits only. 

For the 6 months ending J 80th, L916. a dividend to depositors of 

i pei ■■'■lit per annum was declfl rod. 

1" Years in City Surveyor's 
and City Engineer's Office 

- 1 1 nteen Years v> ith I hi 
Late Charles S. Tilton 




All .survey Notes Sai ed 
Room 406, Charleston Building— 251 KEARNY STREET, San Francisco— Phone Douglas 366 


Mining Active 
In California. 

Mining is extraordinarily active 
throughout the West just now, espe- 
cially in California, the high prices 
of minerals used in warfare being 
the chief cause. Recent government reports show that the re- 
ceipts at San Francisco are $366,000 less of California gold and 
22,000 ounces more of silver for the first five months of 1916 
than in the corresponding period of 1915. The production in 
California of copper rose from 30,000,000 pounds in 1914 to 
40,000,000 pounds in 1915; zinc rose from 400,000 pounds in 
1914 to 13,000,000 pounds in 1915; tungsten rose from $200,000 
value in 1914 to $1,000,000 value in 1915; quicksilver rose from 
$558,000 value in 1914 to $1,000,000 value in 1915. Of the in- 
crease in quicksilver about 25 per cent was in quantity, the re- 
mainder in price. 

The Oil Age has published the following table of gaso- 
line prices in San Francisco and Los Angeles to commercial con- 
sumers during the past five years, these being for a product of 
60 to 62 gravity: 

Period and Year — App. Av. Price 

1st half, 1911 25. cents 

2d half, 1911 23. cents 

1st half, 1912 20. cents 

2d half, 1912 23.5 cents 

1st half, 1913 23.5 cents 

2d half, 1913 22. cents 

1st half, 1914 20. cents 

2d half, 1914 20. cents 

1st half, 1915 13.5 cents 

2d half, 1915 12.1 cents 

2 months, 1916 16.75 cents 

Now 19. cents 

It will be noted that the average price for the five years end- 
ing December 31, 1915. was 20*4 cents, and that only once dur- 
ing the five year period was the price to the consumer below 20 
cents, and that was during last year. 

Oil field activity reported to the State Mining Bureau 

during the week ending July 1, 1916, show only 13 new wells 
starting. The slackening of drilling in the past two weeks 
seems to be largely due to both scarcity and high cost of sup- 
plies, particularly casing. This weekly report marks the end 
of the first fiscal year for the oil field supervision work of the 
Bureau, which began last August. During that period there 
have been 485 new wells started. Shipments of California pe- 
troleum for the first half of 1916 have reached the record-break- 
ing total of approximately 49,000,000 barrels, or 2,058,000,000 
gallons. This exceeds the volume of oil maketed from this 
State during the first six months of 1915 by more than 5,500,000 
barrels. This report places the quantity of oil marketed in the 
United States between January 1st and June 30th at approxi- 




Fast Electric Trains Direct to Marysville, 
Colusa, Oroville, Chico— Observation Cars 


Phone Sutter 2339 
San Francisco Depot---Key Route Ferry 



60th Anniversary Number, 1916 

and California Advertiser 


mately 140,000,000 barrels. It also places California in the 
lead, as amount of oil this year, than any other single State in 
the Union. California's share was 35 per cent of the total. 

Manager E. W. Wilson, of the International Banking 

Corporation, gave notice to depositors of the commercial de- 
partment of that institution in this city that the department 
had been turned over to the Anglo & London Paris National 
Bank. The transfer became effective July 15th last. The 
savings department of the corporation has been transferred to 
the Anglo-California Trust Company, which is closely affiliated 
with the Anglo & London Paris National Bank. Mr. Kenneth 
A. Millican, manager of the savings department, has taken up 
his new quarters there, and depositors will readily find them- 
selves perfectly at home in the attractive home of the Anglo- 
California Trust Company. This new arrangement gives the 
transferred depositors the services and responsibility of the 
Anglo & London Paris Bank, with its assets of over $50,000,- 

A check collecting and clearing system has just become 

operative in the banks of the Federal Reserve system. Most of 
the banks are known to be confident that the system will meet 
with favor by both bankers and business houses. The system 
provides that every Federal Reserve Bank shall receive at par 
from its members or from other Federal reserve banks checks 
drawn on members of any district and checks upon non-member 
banks which can be collected at par. 

Exports of war munitions and general merchandise from 

the port of New York for the week just past amounted to 
$89,325,049, compared with $47,645,992 the week before. To- 
tal exports from New York to date for the calendar year amount 
to $1,436,240,741. 

June exports of gold and silver at the port of San Fran- 
cisco were as follows : Gold coin, $828,725 ; gold bars, $652,- 
043; silver coin, $203; silver bullion, $232,638. Foreign— Sil- 
ver coin, $50,930. To Hawaii— Gold coin, $225,000; silver 
coin, $47,000. 

Value of imports from London during six months ended 

June 30, 1916, were $90,000,000, as against $70,000,000 in the 
first half of 1915. 


A goat stood by the orchard wall — 

A goat serene and fat; 
Pie spied a little distance off 

On the ground a white felt hat, 
And in a jiffy swallowed it whole, 

And his heart went pit-a-pat. 

Then joyfully on his hinder limbs 

He assumed a buttful pose, 
Then stood in a gentle reverie, 

Like a bard in a poppied doze, 
And wriggled his tail and blinked his eyes, 

And twisted his purple nose. 

"Oh, I can the boot and the oyster can, 

And the old hoop-skirt digest!" 
Just then he jumped ten feet off the ground, 

With a motion of vague unrest — 
He suddenly learned that that white felt hat 

Was a raging hornets' nest. 

— R. K. Munkittrick, in ruck. 

During the winter of 1851-52. it was so cold for a long 

spell that the boys living in the North Beach section at Chestnut 
and Powell streets were able to enjoy a record period of skating 
on a big pond in that locality that was thickly frozen. 

O. A. ROULEAU, President DONZEL STONEY, Manager 

WALTER C. CLARK, Secretary and Asst. Manager 

Title Insurance And Guaranty Company 

Phone Garfield 2 1 70 

CAPITAL $500,030.00 

San Francisco, Cal. 

No. 2756 

I...I. Marcel Vogel. residing at No. 134 Park street in the city and county 
ol San Francisco, California, do hereby certify that I am transacting busl' 
ness under the fictitious name of Vogel Color Studiol that 1 am the sole 
owner of the said business, and the place where the said business Is con- 
ducted is No. 1422 Franklin street in the city and county of San Fran- 

State of California. City and County of San Eranctsco|ss. 

On this 17th day of June in the year one thousand nine hundred I 

sixteen, before me Rita Johnson, a Notary Public, in and for the City and 
County of San Francisco, personally appeared J. MARCEL VOGEL. known 
to me to be the person whose name is subscribed to the within instrument 
and he duly acknowledged to me that he executed the same. 

In witness thereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official 
Seal, at my office in the City and County of San Francisco, the 'day and 
year in this certificate first above written. (My commission expires Julv 
16, 1919.) 

Notary Public in and for the City and County of San Francisco, State of 

June 22, 1916. H. I. MULCREVY. Clerk. By L J. WELCH. Deputy Clerk 

ALGERNON CROFTON. Attorney-at-Law, 617 to 621 N ew Call Build- 

Queen Regent Merger Mines Company 

Location of principal place of business, San Francisco, California. Loca- 
tion of works, Mineral County, Nevada, and Nevada County. California. 

Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Directors.' held on the 
6th day of July. 1916. an assessment of one-half cent per share was levied 
upon the issued capital stock of the corporation, payable immediately, in 
legal money of the United States, to the Secretary, at the office of the 
Company, 337 Monadnoek Building. San Francisco, California. 

Any stock on which this assessment shall remain unpaid on tin- 18th 
day "( August, 1916, will be delinquent and advertised for sale at public 
auction, and unless payment is made before, will be sold on Tuesday, the 
19th day of September, 1916, tu pay the delinquent assessment, together 
with the costs of advertising and expenses of sale. 

II. B. WADE. Secretary. 

Office — 337 Monadnoek Building, 681 Market street, San Francisco, 

Tel. Kearny 1461 

Private Exchange Connecting all Warehouses 


Warehousemen Forwarding Agents Distributors Public Weighers 

Spur Track Connection with all Railroads 

Main Office— 625-647 Third St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Mayerle'sNew Double VisionGlasses 

Combine both readingand distance rorrections in one 
lens — have no uglj seams— therebj avoiding the annoy- 
ance of changing glasses when yon wish to see far or near, 

^^^^ The Prong Grip Eyeglass Guards 
jjp" are Invented, Patented and 
Owned by George Mayerle 

Two gold medals ami diplomas of honor awarded a! 

California Industrial JSxpositio Mayerle graduate optometrlsl and 

optician, established twenty years. 960 Market street. Snu Francisco. Mayerle 
eyewater freshens and strengthens the eyes. At druggists. W cents; by mail 
C5 cents. 

City Index and Purchasers' Guide 

Dr. R. T. Leaner, Surgeon Chiropodist, formerly of 6 Geary street; 
removes corns entirely whole — palnlesB — without knife. Bunions and in- 
growing nails cured by a special and painless treatment. 212-214 West- 
hank Bldg.. 830 Market St. Tel. Kearny 3578. 

Martin Aronsohn, Notary Public and Pension Attorney. All legal 
papers drawn up accurately. 217 Montgomery St.. above Bush, San Fran- 
cisco. Cal. Phone Douglas 601. 

Samuel M. Shortridge, Attorney-at-T-aw. Chronicle Building. San Fran- 
cisco. Tel. Sutter 36. 






C. La FON 

First Class Work 

at Reasonable 


Laces and Lace 

Curtains a Specialty 

Club, Restaurant and Hotel 5e 



Phone Park 4962 





Home Industry 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916 


HENRY T. SCOTT, President 




Gas and Electric Welding, 
Engines and Boilers Built and Repaired 

Address All Communications to 


Phone Kearny 5248 

Dry Docking, Cleaning, Painting and Repairing Vessels 
Either Wood or Steel 

Main Office, City Machine Shop and Boiler Shop 


Boiler Shop Phone Kearny 99 


Phone Sutter 3913 

Established 1852 


DUNCAN NICOL Proprietor 

S. E. Cor. Montgomery and Washington Sts. 





Hours: 10 A. M. to 12 M. and 1 . P. M. to 5 P. M. 
Nervous. Chronic and Spinal Diseases my Specially 


William A. Magee, Frederic E. Magee, Charles W. Brock, 

President Vice President Secretary 

Thomas Magee & Sons 


Publishers of the 
San Francisco Real Estate Circular 

5 Montgomery Street 


Hind, Rolph &Co. 




Steamer Service to New Zealand 
Australia, Tahiti and South Seas 


Passenger Office : Ground Floor 
General Management : Fourth Floor 

San Francisco, Cal 

Preparedness against War 


in the household. Your 
troubles will be over when 
you buy 

Awarded Gold Medal -Highest Honor 
India-Ceylon Teas —San Francisco, 1915 



60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


There Were Airships in the '50's 

San Francisco in 1856 had a long edge on Art Smith in stir- 
ring up residents with a flying machine that came to town. An 
advertisement in the News Letter of October 6, 1856, sets forth : 

FLYING MACHINE— Richardson's Dove Battery, 
the only machine ever perfected for flying in the air, 
is on exhibition every evening at 131 Jackson street 
(opposite Burch's Hotel) at which time the inventor 
will be happy to explain the same to the ladies and 
gentlemen of San Francisco. Admission 50 cents." 

The then editor of this paper had familiarized himself with 
the various flying machines then being exploited in England and 
on the Continent, and gave his judgment of the San Francisco 
flying machine as follows : 

"We were struck with the similarity of the principle, which 
corresponds with the machine patented by Mr. William Hen- 
son, in London, about eight years since, creating at that time a 
great sensation. The arrangement of the detail is different, but 
similar in object, although there does not appear any borrow- 
ing of ideas from one to the other. The action of the tail of 
the fish and the bird's wing, is that of a screw and adds to the 
propulsion of the body, by its vigor and rapidity. The dove bat- 
tery of Mr. Richardson consists of two rigid planes (placed one 
ever the other, about four feet apart) , of glazed calico, with 
six setts of extended gull's wings placed in front and behind 
the planes, and these wings are acted on simultaneously by 
cranks and levers, so as to produce the angle necessary for as- 
cent or descent, striking the air at the same moment at the 
pleasure of the navigator, whose seat is in the center of the ma- 
chine. The principle is the only one which can or will succeed, 
although we opine that a cylinder containing gas, composed of 
silk or cotton, will materially tend to counteract gravitation. 
Should a small steam engine be found light and powerful 
enough, no further perfection of the machine is necessary. By 

running down an inclined plane, and holding a kite, you may be 
lifted off your feet; so in this machine, the pressure on the air, 
withthe velocity obtained, is the sustaining power. What is 
required to the rigid expanse of the bird's wing, is a couple of 
lightly framed archimedian screws fixed at the back of the 
planes, or extended wings, and these screws, driven by a small 
engine of one man or half horsepower; the starting of the ma- 
chine being first obtained by the velocity of an inclined plane, 
and then urged forward by the screws. Mr. Richardson intends 
in about three weeks having a private flight in the neighborhood 
of the North Beach, and we think he will be enabled to fly. 
Yet, his bird-shaped machine cannot be expected to be full- 
fledged at starting. As the principle of this invention is the 
true one, we shall be glad to find Mr. Richardson's visitors are 
so numerous, as will enable him properly to elaborate at the 
machine so novel, an invention possessing really the only cor- 
rect principle by which aerial navigation can be accomplished. 

In 1851, the teachers at the Prevoust School at Powell 

and Jackson streets were instructing a group of pioneer boys 
that numbered among them Sidney V. Smith, W. S. Foote, Wm. 
F. King, Joseph L. King, Charles J. King, Fred Macondray, 
Barclay Henley, James and Howard Crittenden, and William 
P. Dewey. 

In 1858, the time of the overland stage from San Fran- 
cisco to St. Louis was 21 days. This meant eight deliveries of 
mail by coach to one by steamer. The pony express in April, 
1858, employed 300 people, 80 of them riders, who averaged 
75 miles per day. The record was 384 miles without a stop, 
except for meals and change of horses. 

Emperor Norton, one of the eccentric street characters of 

the town, invariably dressed in a military costume, carrying a 
big knotted cane and followed by two dogs of like unsettled 
character, was a familiar object that enlivened pedestrians. 

-Gas was introduced into houses through pipes in 1854. 

Pacific Mail 
Steamship Co. 

"Pioneers ot the Pacific " 

S. S. "John L. Stephens" Operated in 1864 

Regular Sailings 





508 California St., San Francisco, Cal. 


S. S. "Ecuador" Operating Today 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 


"Obey no wand but Pleasure's." — Tom Moore. 


Another Paphian Play at Alcazar: Cort Returns to Talcum 

By Henry McDonald Spencer 

The eupeptic, but still lovely, Ex-Leading Lady, arrayed in 
a flame colored peignor — what is a peignor? Something in a 
boudoir, I suppose, but what is a boudoir? — seated herself on 
the piano-stool, where she looked like a vast orange supported 
by a toothpick. She struck a note, and went, "ah-ah-ah . . ."; 
then she struck another, or perhaps the same note, and again 
went, "ah-ah . . ." 

"Now," she said, turning to me, "what is the difference in the 
way I sang those two notes?" 

"You wiggled more on the second one," I replied, with the air 
of smug confidence displayed by little Willie when asked : "Who 
was first in peace, first in war, etc." 

"I thought so; you judge music by the eye, which is almost as 
funny as a blind man criticising moving pictures by ear." 

"If I want a catalogue of my defects," I retorted, somewhat 
nettled, "I can call up Information." 

"And you had the colossal nerve," she went on relentlessly, 
"to criticise a symphony concert last week. You poor fish! 
But then, most of your review concerned what you saw — the 
scenery and the leader not looking up. But where did you get 
the rest?" 

"If you must know : I bribed a talented young musical friend 
who was waiting in line for a gallery seat, by the offer of the 
Other Seat if he would 'catch' the show and shoot me the dope." 

"Say, you talk about a symphony like it was an act in a 
honky-tonk house. And that is what we pay our good money for 
to read in your paper." 

"But," I came back, "you read it anyway, and therefore I must 
have held your interest, which was my purpose. Besides : 
Criticise the criticism, although you don't do so, if you like, 
not how I made it. And again, as our old friend Doc. Johnson 
says: 'There are two ways of knowing a thing: One is to know 
it yourself, and the other — how to find it out' " 

Then she murmured some words which recalled my school 
days when I was obliged to recite passages from the Iliad. It 
sounded as if she were pronouncing the name of one of Ho- 
mer's heroes: 


A Super-blonde at Alcazar 

When lovely Adele Blood, who is a sort of super-blonde as 
it were, let down her corn-colored hair, donned a nightie and 
started vampiring down the staircase in the spotlight at the Al- 
cazar on Monday night, every one knew that Forrest Stanley 
was foredoomed to fall. 

And every man in the audience from the plutocrat of fifty 
— years and waistband — to the he-flapper with brushed back 
hair and the figure that made the twenty-five dollar suit famous, 
yearned, frankly yearned. 

For Adele has that kind of obvious beauty pictured by the old 
masters in paintings of the Lorelei, Phryne before her Judges, 
the Temptation of St. Anthony, and other favorites where men 

To be sure, in these sophisticated days and in life, there is a 
tendency to the more mysterious, suggestive style of beauty 
where all the goods are not in the shop-window, so to speak; 
but on the stage the art-calendar type of Lillian Russell and 
Adele Blood has a distinct advantage. 

In the first act of "Innocent," Miss Blood looks almost too 
good to be true, and, as events prove, her looks do not belie 
her; but then it is the goodness of conscious demureness rather 
than of cloistered innocence. 

Thus I dwell on the new leading lady's looks because the 
play is written around feminine pulchritude, and there are few 
leads who could be addressed in the terms of extravagant com- 
pliment, used by the author, without being ridiculous. Score 
one for the lady. 

On the other hand there would have been infinitely more 
piquancy in the situation if the cutey type of star could 
have been used. An oath from the lips of an angel, as an anal- 
ogy, is much more interesting than the blasphemy of a sinner. 

However, the Alcazar has scored another distinct triumph 
following on the three weeks' run of the "Song of Songs," and 
I am chary of detracting in any way from its efforts to effect a 
renascence of the drama in San Francisco. I prophesy the 
play will have even a greater success than its predecessor be- 
cause, for one thing, it is a far better constructed piece of 
dramaturgy, and marks the distinct difference between the in- 
tellectual honesty of the European playwrights and the rather 
sloppy sentimentality of our own. 

Miss Innocent logically follows her inherited instincts and 
seeks the easiest way to the upholstered life; while the victim 
very properly pays toll to his moral flabbiness and gambling 
mania, and dies in poverty and disgrace. 

The play is a further illustration of the influence of moving 
picture technique on the three dimension drama, as it starts by 
means of a prologue after the tragedy has occurred — or rather 
a kind of epilogue with the reverse English — and the prologue 
curtain drops while one of the characters is reading the journal 
of the dead man. Very artistically the epilogue picks up the 
scene exactly where it left off, and the final curtain goes down 
on the completion of the diary, which explains some of the in- 
cidents in Bela Nemzeti's life, and which had not been dis- 
closed by the action of the play. 

Leaving aside Miss Blood's rather sumptuous woman-of-the- 
worldliness, which rather detracts from the illusion of inno- 
cence especially in the first act, her portrayal of the part has 
all the allure that drives men crazy, and, if they have sufficient 
virility, frequently sends chem to hell with a smile on their 
lips. She is destined to become the greatest favorite of the Al- 
cazar's recent assortment of hand-picked leading ladies, and 
we have had some very stunning ones at that. Her reception on 
Monday night was the greatest ovation which I have witnessed 
here in the legitimate for many a moon. 

As the "vampiree," Bela Nemzeti, Forrest Stanley gave his 
best performance of the season, and while the part had a ten- 
dency to become melodramatic, yet he exercises restraint and 
played with a certain subdued dignity which carried well and 
was most "convincing." I swore that I would never use that 
word, which is a sort of outworn cliche of the journalistic re- 
porters, but nothing else quite seems to fit. 

Louis Bennison, however, as Oskar Von Guggen, pressed 
Stanley hard for first honors among the men, although it must 
be admitted that the part of the cynical seeker after joyous ad- 
venture was almost actor proof, but at that Bennison added to 
and illuminated the character. 

A word of criticism for the stage-director : In the corridor 
scene in the prologue, two Chinamen are made to talk to each 
other in pigeon English. That is wrong. Chinese talking to 
each other would talk in straight Chinese, which would be trans- 
lated for the purposes of drama — but it would be translated into 
straight English. Of course, when the same Chinamen ad- 
dressed a European in English, they would then use the lan- 
guage precisely as the laundryman speaks to you — in pigeon 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


"Canary Cottage" at Cort 

While the term "Southern California School of Art" has been 
used satirically, nevertheless as a producing center of the drama 
there is no other town in this country outside of New York quite 
equal to the capital of Cafeteria. Nor is there anything about 
the productions, as exemplified by "Canary Cottage," a musical 
entanglement now running at the Cort, which would pall on the 
most jaded taste of the metropolis. 

Indeed, when the translucent, if not quite transparent, curtain 
was drawn across the stage in the second half, and the disrob- 
ing scene occurred, I thought the male part of the audience 
would be inflamed to a state bordering on satyriasis, and had 
the lights been turned on a wee bit more the fire department 
would have been needed. Of course the device is not entirely 
a new one, but the hand-picked beauties who constitute the staff 
of the show are exceptionally handsome, and the management 
introduced a bewildering number of costumes, or near-costumes, 
which were either new or had recently been sent to the cleaners, 
for they were all quite fresh. 

Indeed, it appears to me that the chorus is constantly growing 
prettier; and there is no doubt that they undress more attrac- 
tively each year. Just how much further they can go remains 
to be seen, as the talcumed territory is encroaching gradually at 
both ends of the shapely young women. 

In spite of the efforts of Dorothy Webb, Herbert Corthell and 
Charles Ruggies, assisted by the chorus, the piece sagged a bit 
until Trixie Friganza came on, and it is no discredit to the 
others to say she lifted the whole show, speeded it up by the 
introduction of that most precious thing on earth to a performer 
— personality — and without which all the talent in the world is 
of no avail. 

She is really a very handsome woman, but she does not play 
for that, as mere beauty — qua beauty — is almost a drug on the 
theatrical market nowadays, and while not so broad a fun- 
maker as Stella Mayhew, for instance, nevertheless she gets 
over with some excellent fooling. 

The other principals are all adequate, and the setting of the 
second act, with its simple lines and large masses, is much to 
be commended. It follows out the doctrine I have been con- 
stantly preaching to producers in these columns: The more 
elaborate and fussy you make the setting the more you detract 
from your performance and the effectiveness of your per- 

My judgment? Stage right in the Irish chorus, also next to 
end stag? left in the bridal chorus. 

For Advance Notices See Page 68 


The sketches and photographs of the early pioneer scenes in 
rhe R. P. Schwerin collection in the Pioneer Section of the Mu- 
seum, Golden Gate Park, were specially photographed for re- 
production in this Sixtieth Anniversary number of the News 
Letter by the Arthur Spau'ding Company, commercial photo- 
graphers, 625 Eddy street, specialists in their line. The clear- 
ness of these pictures shows the ability of this firm for repro- 
ducing pictures accurately. 


Col. Edward G. Hunt, of Oakland, has been prominent in the 
National Guard of California for thirty years. He has just been 
rejected by the medical officers, U. S. A., who claim that he has 
heart trouble, although the doctors of several life insurance com- 
panies could not discover it. Colonel Hunt is exceedingly popu- 
lar with all the officers of the Fifth Regiment, and they are exer- 
cising their very best efforts to have him retained in his present 


There's a unique 
adaptability about 
Pears' Soap. It makes 
the child enjoy its bath 
helps the mother pre 
serve her complexion 
and the man of the 
house finds nothing 
quite so good for sha- 

Have you used Pears 

Pears' the soap for the whole family 


O'Farrell street Bet. Stockton and Powell 
Phone Douglas 70 


ALEXANDER CARS, Late star of "Potash and Perlmutter." and 
His Companj In "An April Shower;" G. ALDO RANDEGGBR, The 
Leading Italian Pianist; .mm and BETTY MORGAN, In Songs of 
their Own; MART1NETT1 uid SYLVESTER, "The Boys with the 
Chaii " MOON and MORRIS. The Dance Creators; LEIPZIG, In- 
ii ii Card Expert; XAX KALPERIN, In a New Repertoire 
William B FYlediander; Retained for One More Week 

1 THEODORE KOSLOFF Pre i Danseui with Waste Has 

[ova and Imperial Ballet Eosloff's Russian Orchestra 

e prices (except Sun- 
days and holidays). 10c, 26c, 50c PHONE DOUGLAS tip 

Corner Mason and Geary Streets 
Phone Franklin ISO 

The Leading Playhouse 
Itl Matinees Wednesday and 

Columbia Theatre 

nlng Monday night, July 


International succees, 


Mr. Miller appearing as Stephen Ghent at the head nf .-, sup< 

Pantages' Theatre 

Market Street Opposite Mason 

William Sexton, recognized for many years as the dean of 
local insurance men, died suddenly this week at the home of 
his daughter in San Jose. Mr. Sexton was born in Nova Scotia 
in October, 1832. Twenty years later he came to this State and 
for a time tried his luck at mining. Later he was elected jus- 
tice of the peace in Auburn, Placer County. His genial person- 
ality made him very popular. He was later elected sheriff of 
the county, and later was sent to the State Legislature. When Cfiyf ThPOtrP 
he took up his residence in San Jose in 1868, he was made chief 
of police. In 1874 his wide acquaintanceship throughout the 
State induced him to go into the insurance business, in which 
he was unusually successful. He retired from business some 
three years ago. He leaves three daughters, Mrs. W. W. Gray 
of San Jose, Mrs. Percy V. Long, wife of the City Attorney of 
San Francisco, and Mrs. Edwin Dow, both of this city. A son, 
William A. Sexton, came on from Yonkers, New York, to at- 
tend the final ceremonies. 

Commencing Sunday matinee, 

Vaudeville Triumph of San Francisco' rrand opera singera, 

In a new repertoire of rjceerpts from standard operas. 
HARRY BREEN The Nut without » Grain of Sense. FIVE i 
MOND9, Sensational and Daring Gymnasts, performing on unsup- 



P. M. 


e — BEETHOVEN — Overture to "EKmont;" BOR- 
ment — First time 
LISZT E Flai Concerto; DETJBES— Ballet Suite "Sylvia;" SIBEL- 
IUS — Tone Poem. "Finis 

Box. t.oiro and First T 

Horse cars were first seen on the streets of San Fran- 
cisco in 1860. 





Gives that snowy white complexion 
which fashion requires the well groomed 
woman to possess. 



San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

Advance Announcements 

Columbia— The I hairy Miller season at the Columbia Theatre 
will take on a special interesl Monday night, July 24th, with the 
first appearand during the present engagement of Mr. Miller, 
himself, in 1 casl The event will mark the revival of what 
in inv claim i" h ■ the great American drama, "The Great Di- 
vide," which William Vaughn Moody wrote expressly for Mr. 
Miller, and which Hi" a- tor-manager brought into fame as an 
international success Three hundred nights in London, and 
i, : in ...i ights in New York, are marked to the credit 
ol this play set in the Grand Canyon of the Colorado. Mr. Miller 
has taken unusual steps t" stage "The Great Divide" on the most 
elaborate scale in the tilstorj of stage productions in this city. 
Opportunity is there for some wonderful scenic effects, and the 
■ r-hand has not underestimated or slighted these possibili- 
ties, He ^as had built some remarkable effects which will fairly 
startle Monday night's audience. They will be wonderful Cram 
work for Mr. Miller's virile ami intensely Interesting characteri- 
zation of the untamed man of the West, Stephen Ghent. The 
storj of how this rough character of the West crosses the path 
of Ruth Jordan, the girl from out the East, is one wrought with 
Intense dramati qualities, Ruth Jordan will be played by Hilda 
Sporrg. Others In th< c si will be Mrs. Thomas Whiff en and 
Bruce McRae. Matinees are ai unced for Wednesday and Sat- 

Pantages — After a vaudeville triumph >■•{ several months over 
tiie Pantages circuit, l->a Sea la Sextet, gathered together here by 
the local Pantages management will return as the star headline 
attraction on an exceptionally strong eight-act show "i, Sundaj 
The singers have added several new operatic selections to their 
■ fly extensive and popular repei tolre. The best and most 
tuneful hits from "Carmen/ 1 "'Ernanl," "II Trovatore," and a new 
arrangemenl of the soldier chorus from "Faust," will be among 
the numbers rendered, The following are the singers who have 

added to their local li is: Slgnorlna IJ liana Blanca, prima 

donna soprano; Mme. Jenna Jennings, mezzo-sopi ano; Lulsa 
Silva, contralto; and Brava, tenor; Puccinni, baritone, and Rub- 
ens, basso. On Uu same hill will be the big musical comedy star, 

Harry Breen, the man who first started the now prevalent "nut" 
. in . dj so frequently seen in vaudeville circles. Breen has a 
styl- that lias been copied by almost every other "nut" funster 
in America. The Five Florlmonds, driven here by the fates of 
war. being residents of stricken Belgium, will present a sensa- 
! and daring act on unsupported ladders. This act was the 

big rage in Paris and Germany for many seasons. Other splendid 
acts will be the Venetian Four, musicians de Luxe; Johnson 
ird and Llzzette, "three dusty rhodes;" Charles Mason and 
lu> players in "Who is Who." the dancing Wainwrights, and the 
next to concluding chapter of the great mystery serial. "The 
Iron Claw." 

Symphony Concert at the Cort — Nikolai rtokoloff. the capable 
and enterprising Conductor of the People's Philharmonic Orches- 
tra has prepared another most interesting program for next 
; fternoon's Popular Symphony Concert at the Cort Thea- 

1 1 .-. |-:\ ia-y S.-k.ilolT pi >:_: :i in is intended to reach the heart as well as 

the head of tie audience. Every program has some outstanding feature. 
\i i. ,i Sunday's concert, which commences promptly at three o'clock 
Deslder Josef v"ecsei, a celebrated Hungarian pianist, whose European 
tour was cut short by the war, and who has triumphed with the great 
symphony orchestras ol B ida Pest, Berlin, Vienna, Paris, Monte Carlo and 
. will make his American debut as soloist with orchestra, Mr. Ver- 
se! received the most flattering notices from the Paris newspapers for his 
playing of the "E Fla1 Concerto" of Liszt, one of the greatest works ever 
written for pianoforte, and this will be ins contribution to .Sunday's 
program. One movement of the unfinished symphony of Alexander Boro- 
din will be played for the first time in San Francisco at Sunday's CO! i ii 
Clement Delibes' ballet suit, "Sylvia" will complete the program. At the 
prices charged- 26c . 50i ,, 76c. and M — the summer series of lerts of tin- 
People's Philharmonic Orchestra are exerting a. powerful Influence ror 
- i music in San Franc i! co. Seats ai sale at the Cort Tin at re. 

Orpheum — Tie- Orpheum bill for next week speaks most eloquently f«>r 
us. ii and will in- decidedly one ol tie- best ever presented In vaudeville, 
idei Carr, without doubt one of the best of American character ac- 
tors, whose immense success as Mawrus Perlmutter hi the dramatization 
u!' Montague Glass' story, "Potash ami Perlmutter" is now pari oi stage 

history, win. with a clever compai ■■ appi li In a dramatic ids written 

by himself in collaboration with Edgar Allan Woolf called "An April 
shower." it is an appealing little sketch and affords Mr. Carr In th< role 

'if Jacob G i. .I ii, s gentle sacrificing Jew, an opportunity to cull fresh 

laurels and to present a picture of Jewish life in which each member of 

i in' in inii v stiivi :■ to make every sacriflct for the happiness of 1 1 thers. 

' ;, Aldo Randegger, the leading Italian pianist, who has made era! 
successful concert tours in the Bast, ami whose fame is International, Is 
now playing a brief engagement in vaudeville, and Is ting with enthu- 
siastic ?■ ignition. Randegger's repertoire is of an international i 

rer, and Includes ti,- Franz Liszt compositions, "St. Francis Walking Upon 

the Waves" and "Mazeppa." Two musieians, hardly more than i .1 

girl — Jim and Betty Morgan — who have met with great success, will be 
heard in songs of theii own composite n, The} possess youth, magnetism, 
appi a ■ and ability. Martlnettl ami S; Iv st< r, pan torn! mjsts ami come- 
dians best known as "The Boys with tie- Chairs," will provide a novelty 

Alexander Carr tlate star of "Potash and Perlmutter") In "April Shower" 
at the Orpheum next week. 

In acrobatics. Moon and Morris, in their exceptionally clever dancing act, 

: i ipziu-, ih>' marvelous card manipulator, are among the attractions. 
it will hi- the last week of the delightful singing comedienne, Nan Halperln, 
who will presenl a new repertoire of songs by William B. Friedlander. In 
compliance with a ■■ ■ ■ i i wish, and because of the tre- 

I" i is sensation they have caused, it has been determined to retain 

imous Russi.ui dancing star.-, Tii Ion- ECoslOff, Vlasta Maslova and 

Ha- Imperial Russian ballet ror another week, which will must positively be 

their last. 

• * • 

Native Sons' Building — Dr Nathaniel I. Rublnkam, formerly of the Chi- 
cago University Extension, is giving a seri< s ol summer lectures in the 

\';iliv,' Sons' Muildin^-. <;.-.uv and Masun slu-.-ts, every Fiiday at. S p. m.. 

on llteratun and philosophy Hfcba subject on Friday. July :'ist. is "The 
Great Gal'«it,V the play on tie' weakness of circumstantial evidence, by 
Jose Bchegaray, the Victor Hugo of Spain. Next Friday. July 28th. the 
.-, ill be Shakespeare's colossal drama, "King Lear." a Shakespeare 
mass lias i • * - -u formed; so we are having genuine University courses this 
Ide "i Hi- bai . 


8x1 2 in., cotton, mounted, spear heads, each 10 Cents 

I 2x18 in., cotton, mounted, spear heads, each 15 Cents 

1 6x24 in., cotton, mounted, spear heads, each 25 Cents 

24x36 in., cotton, mounted, spear heads, each 35 Cents 

We sold forty-three thousand for the Los Angeles Parade, and 
expect to ssll one hundred thousand for San Francisco's. 

Weeks-Howe-Emerson Co. 

90 Market Street San Francisco 

Wholesalers and Retailers 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 



Special rates have been made by the following railroads 
from the 21st to the 24th inclusive, to San Francisco and return 
for the great Preparedness Parade to be held in this city on 
Saturday, July 22d: Southern Pacific. Santa Fe, Western Pacific, 
Northwestern Pacific, Oakland, Antioch & Eastern. The rate 
of a fare and one-third for round trip will be made where the 

regular one-way fare is $5, or less. Where the fare is over $3, 
the regular summer rates are in force. This is good for tickets 
on the 21st and 22d, and with limit of return on the 24th inclu- 

In May, 1851, eggs were $3 a dozen, and blushingly 

claiming to be fresh. 



530-534 Folsom Street 

Phone Sutter 6654 




Under the Management of 


formerly of the Occidental Hotel 

Rooms Without Bath $1.00 per day 

Rooms With Bath $1.50 per day 




Since 1875 the Historic Hotel of San Francisco 

European Plan Only. Rates from $2 per day upward. 


The Most Superbly Situated Hotel in the World. 
Under Same Management. 

San Francisco's Leading 

French Restaurant 


French Dinner Every 
Evening. 75 Cents 
Sunday. $1.00 


862 Geary Street 

Above Hotel St. Francis 

Telephone Sutter 1572 

O Farrell and Larkln 



No visitor should leave the city without see- 
ing the finest cafe in America 

The New 
Poodle Dog 

Hotel and Restaurant 

At Corner 

Polk and Post 

San Francisco 


Franklin 2960 


Club Room Luncheon for Men, 50 Cents. 

Tea and Music in the Lounge Every Afternoon. 

Dancing in the Rose Room Every Evening Except 

Turkish Baths---For Women, Eleventh Floor. 

For Men, Twelfth Floor. 
Indoor Golf on the Roof of the Annex. 
Kindergarten forthe Convenience of Women Shopping, 

and for Regular Instruction. 

J. B. Pob J. Berfei C. Hiilbebuiu C. I ilinne L. Coutard 




415-421 Bub St.. Sib FriacMKo (Above Kciray Eiehanie. Douflu 241 1 





Life Classes 
Day and Night 





San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

Canned and Natural Blushes. 

Melville Ellis declares that San Francisco women are too 
short on skirts and too long on rouge, and he cannot wander 
about the streets in the daytime without having his finer sensi- 
bilities outraged by flagrant violations of his high standards — 
in the matter of dress. 

Ellis is a San Franciscan with a highly developed color sense 
and some talent for music, and he has capitalized these gifts in 
vaudeville. But in spite of his natural gifts and cultivated 
taste he is not a connoisseur. He may be able to take a squint 
at a nice looking girl, and by enveloping her in the correct color 
scheme, and c'.eftly adjusting the lines and folds and curves of 
her gown turn her into a recklessly pretty apparition, but he 
cannot tell roses that bloom in the cheeks tra-la, tra-la-la, from 
the artificial ones that come neatly and enthusiastically labeled 
in the rouge pots of all makes and sizes. 

For I happen to know that Mrs. Stuart Haldorn and her little 
sister, Mrs. Dalton Mann, passed him by, and the remark about 
over-rouging was inspired then and there. The Gregg girls, like 
their friend, little Miss Schultz, now Mrs. "Sam" Hopkins, have 
the challenging kind of color that never fluctuates; the kind 
that taxes the credulity of the unbelievers who are only too 
glad to believe that it is rouge. Mrs. Gregg used to tell a story 
about a woman who came to her and told her that sensible 
mothers did not let girls in their teens rouge. When Mrs. Gregg 
assured her that her girls did not plant those roses in their 
cheeks, the discerning dowager, who incidentally had several 
plain spinsters on her hands, remarked that thereafter she 
would tell people who commented on the complexions of Mrs. 
Gregg's daughters that "they were more to be pitied than 
blamed, as their color was real." 

© © © 

Calling a Bluff. 

Mrs. Theodore Tomlinson, who makes her home in New York 
now, was a great belle in the debutante days of a group that 
included Charlotte Ellinwood, Leontine Blakeman and Ethel 
Keeney (Mrs. Tomlinson.) Miss Keeney had the dazzling com- 
plexion which makes the tabbies sniff and snort (do tabbies 
express themselves in sniffs and snorts?) At any rate, one sea- 
son at Del Monte a very disagreeable woman became obsessed 
with the subject of Miss Keeney's complexion, declaring with 
conviction and malice that it was the obviously spurious kind, 
and she could not understand any one accepting it as the genu- 
ine, skin deep blush. 

Mere statements can easily be stiffened up into a controversy 
— particularly by the veranda crowd in the silly summer sea- 
son. It was not long before every one, including Miss Keeney, 
knew that an argument that could stand bolt upright or could 
be used for a folding bullet was raging around the subject. 
Whereupon the pro-genius conceived a plan of routing the antis. 
Miss Keeney came in from a golf game, and "accidentally on 
purpose" the pros managed to bring some of the antis into her 
room. She washed and creamed and scrubbed and scoured her 
cheeks vigorously enough to take off the skin, much less any 
artificial color, and even the most ardent advocate of the arti- 
ficial theory was convinced that here was a girl with natural 
color that shamed the incarnadined cheeks of the most skillful 
wielder of the rouge stick. 

And of course the woman who had first remarked that it was 
a shame for any young girl to be permitted to rouge so bla- 
tantly found cover in the retreat of the vanquished with some 
parting shot about pallor being so much more aristocratic than 
rosy cheeks! 

© © © 

The Dicks in Yosemite. 

A friend in the Yosemite writes me that the most interesting 
couple in the valley are the William K. Dicks. Mrs. Dick was 
Madeleine Force Astor until she chose to give up some of the 
Astor fortune to marry the young New York banker who had 
been one of her suitors before she was carried off by Astor. 

The Dicks are very adroit about circumventing scrutiny and 

avoid ali ostentation. Their party consists of a maid and a 
valet, who stay close to the hotel while the young honeymoon- 
ing couple spend all their time riding over the trails. They 
dress in the simplest of costumes, and even for dinner Mrs. Dick 
wears sports clothes instead of making any attempt at dinner 
dress. They take so many of their meals in private and safe- 
guard themselves so carefully from attracting attention that only 
the more adventurous and curious tourists have been able to 
get first hand knowledge of them. 

One of these tourists, with the kind of nerve that does not 
need a tonic in any clime, under any sky, feigned illness the 
other day on one of the trails, and when Mr. and Mrs. Dick 
came along, they had to rein in in order to prevent their horses 
from stepping on the prostrate lady. Mrs. Dick was out of 
her saddle as quickly as her athletic young husband, and they 
were both as sympathetic and practical in their first-aid sug- 
gestions as though they had been taking a course in one of the 
military preparedness camps. A drink of water from Mr. Dick's 
canteen and the lady insisted that she could catch up to her 
party, who were not very far ahead. She did overtake them, 
and she boasted of how she had accomplished her purpose of 
"getting a good look at the Dicks and talking to them before 
she left the valley." My friend who wrote me of the incident 
said that the Dicks inquired solicitously the next day when they 
met her in the hotel, and she played the part so well that they 
never suspected her game. Needless to say that whjle satisfy- 
ing this cheap curiosity she lost the respect of all the acquaint- 
ances who knew of the affair. 

© © © 
The Goulds to Visit San Francisco. 

The Jay Goulds, who are spending the summer in Honolulu, 
will tarry here a little while on their return East, which will 
give their friends here an opportunity to entertain them. On 
their way to Honolulu they were in town but a day or two, and 
Mrs. Gould spent most of that time with Mrs. "Ferdie" Theriot, 
who was in the convent in Paris with her. 

When young Jay Gould met Miss Graham he announced at 
once to his parents that she was the only girl that he would ever 
marry, and the Goulds very sensibly blessed the courtship. Miss 
Graham spent her girlhood in Honolulu, and when her mother 
married the celebrated portrait painter, Vos, the daughter was 
taken to the convent in Paris, where the de Young girls all spent 
much of their school days. Kathleen de Young (Mrs. Theriot) 
was there while Mrs. Gould was a pupil, and the two girls be- 
came intimate friends — an intimacy which has been kept up by 
correspondence. The Goulds, like the Theriots, have two child- 
ren, and the young mothers were much interested in comparing 
notes on their respective bairns. On their return from Honolulu 
the Goulds are planning a visit to Meadowlands, the San Rafael 
home of the de Youngs. Mrs. Gould and Mrs. Templeton 
Crocker are spending much time together in Honolulu, renew- 
ing the friendship of their pinafore days, when they both spent 
many happy vacations in the islands — Mrs. Crocker because 
her father, Mr. Irwin, had business affairs there, and Mrs. 
Gould because her family had not only business affairs there, 
but family connections as well, the Grahams having a strain of 
the royal Hawaiian blood. 

© © © 
Mrs. Martin's Monkey. 

Mrs. Walter Martin and Mrs. Daniel Jackling both brought 
back trained monkeys from South America, and now other mem- 
bers of the smart set are endeavoring to purchase monkeys for 
pets. Mrs. Martin had great difficulty in landing hers here, for 
she left the Jackling party at New York, and did not come out 
in their private car. There is a strict rule against bringing 
monkeys across in anything but the baggage car, and Mrs. Mar- 
tin did not want to subject her pet to the changes and chances 
of travel in the baggage car. Therefore, all the influence that 
the Martins and their friends could exert was expended on the 
difficult task of getting permission for Sir Monkey to travel with 
his mistress. Templeton Crocker was in New York at the time, 
and he finally pulled the taut wire that led directly to the presi- 
dent's office, and his pull was sufficient to make it slacken, 
and the monkey was not subjected to the baggage car. 

Mrs. Martin's two young daughters are delighted with their 
mother's new pet, and all the other young girls in the peninsula 
set are begging for monkeys. 

There is no doubt that the nose of many an aristocratic dog 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


is about to be put out of joint, for orders have gone to South 
America for dozens of monkeys. We may have the novel sight 
this winter of seeing society leaders carrying around monkeys 
while deposed canines whimper in grief. 

The fads and fancies of society are unending. Fresh as the 
salt tang is the latest novelty brought here from enlivening 
Atlantic City. It is called the "Swinging Chorus." It ran with 
great distinction at the Traymore at Atlantic City, and at the 
Casino at Newport for the past two' months, and the Grand 
Union and the United States will now supply this inspiriting 
novelty for the forthcoming racing season at Saratoga. The 
Techau Tavern is introducing the fangle here. A bevy of girl- 
ish beauties in fetching summertime apparel and embowered 
in flowers do the cutest things and sing the prettiest songs. The 
effect is most charming. Lillian Lorraine first brought out the 
"swing chorus" act in the 1911 season of the "Midnight Revue." 
At the Techau Tavern will be found the best example of the 
"Walkin' the Dawg" in the city. At five o'clock each afternoon 
the Perfume Favors add further to the cafe's attractive life. At 
that hour three fortunate ladies are awarded the large sized 
four dollar bottles of the La Boheme Perfume without compe- 
tition of any sort. During and after the dinner in the evening 
the Perfume Dances are in full swing. 





Wo. 139 Montgomery St, 


Have on band one of the beat selected assortments of Goods 
San Francisco, and are constantly supplied by one of the 
Largest Houses in the United States with tbo LATEST 



S. S. & Geo. C. Shreve, established in 1852 at 139 Montgom- 
ery street on the west side between Commercial and Clay. In 
1861 the number was changed to 525. It remained the firm of 
S. S. & Geo. C. 
Shreve until 1859. 
Geo. C. Shreve & 
Co. continued at 
the same address 
until 1871, when it 
moved to No. 110 
Montgomery street, 
corner Sutter. It re- 
mained at that loca- 
tion as George C. 
Shreve & Co., until 
1892, when it 
moved to the 
Crocker Building. 
The firm of Shreve 
& Co., Incorporat- 
ed, in 1904 re- 
mained in the 
Crocker Building. 
In the spring of 
1906, shortly be- 
fore the calamity of 
April 18th, they 
moved to the 
Shreve Building, 
corner Grant ave- 
nue and Post street. 
Although their 
building was en- 
tirely gutted by the 
fire, the safes re- 
mained intact, and 
the diamonds and 

Wo have on hand a flno assortment of 




/orts, Uapfein llings, $ifej|tts, tabids. Cups, 



', Ami all ilnaipliona of fine WATCHES REPAIRED l.y 
skillful auj Dxpariuoew] m 

G. C. & S. S. SHREVE, 

No. 130 M.imI-oiiiii . 

Reproduced from an Advertisement 
in IS56 

other valuables were saved. After the fire they opened up on 
Van Ness avenue, where they remained not much over a year, 
when they returned to their present location, the same they oc- 
cupied prior to April 18, 1906. 


Judge John R. Aitken, a prominent attorney and senior mem- 
ber of the law firm of Aitken & Aitken, passed away this week 
after a stroke of apoplexy. Judge Aitken was born in this city, 
and later removed to San Diego, where he was honored with 
the elevation to the bench of the Superior Court. He was then 
thirty-four years old. He was a Mason, an Odd Fellow and a 
member of other organizations. He is survived by a widow and 
three children : Frank W. Aitken, Mrs. Lillian A. Hilton and 
Mrs. W. F. L. Stimson. 



for Men, Women, Children 

Underwear and Hosiery 

— of the finer, higher 


Every Style 

Every Quality 

Every Price 

50c. to SI 0.00 


Exquisite Colors 

New Styles 

Dependable Qualities 

S14.50 to S40.00 

Silk Fiber 
$7,85 to S19.50 


Attractive, Modest, 
Practical Styles in Rich 
Stylish Colors 
Women's $2.50 to 17.50 
Misses' $2.00 lo 7.50 
Men's $1.25 lo 5.00 

&anfttZrJ//latti?/'/i (%: 

Grant Ave. at Post Street 


Marathon Tires are built to meet the de- 
mand for Quality— not the competition of 

They appeal to that growing class of motor- 
ists who realize the economy of paying just 
a little more in order to get something 
a great deal better. 

California Tire & Rubber Co. 


W. H. HOMER. General Manager 

497 Golden Gate Ave., Cor. Polk St. 




San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

» . - i ■ ii ■ . I j ^i 

.i i I " i ii • ; i n ; .'. ' ■■! - ■■ " y < j " ' " ' ! " ' " * . ' ' 

ifcte-^ v •^s-^SBwIfe^^ ^ . , . 


BROWN-WILLIAMS.— Judge and Mrs. L. R. Williams of Cottonwood an- 
nounce the engagement of their daughter, Marion Kathryn, and Ar- 
nold T. Brown, son of Mr. and Mrs. B. C. Brown of Alameda. The 
wedding will take place in October. 

CUYLER- WALKER, — The engagement lias been announced of Miss Elea- 
nor Cuyler to Joseph Walker of New York. 

KOCH-THURM. — Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Koch announce the engagement of 
their daughter Fannie to Mr. Abe Thurm of Modesto. They will be at 
home at 2016 Bush street on Sunday. July 23, from 2 to 5 p. m. 

PAGE-GORRILL.— The engagement of Miss Elizabeth Page, daughter of 
Mrs. Wilford Page of Berkeley, to Ralph C. Gorrill of Oakland, has 
been announced. 

r.\<;]M,E\VIX- Jud^e and Mrs. Samuel Page announce the engagement 
of their daughter. Miss Viola Page, to Harry Ross LewSn. 

PEYSER- WINTER. — The engagement is announced of Miss Jennie Pey- 
ser to Mr. Richard Winter. 

SOLOMON-SAMTER. — Mr. and Mrs. H. I. Solomon announce the i ngage- 
ment of then daughter Eva to Mr. Samuel S. Samter. 

SMILES-BROWN. — The engagement of Miss Elizabeth Smille to Mr. 
Claude Chi rles Brown was announced recently. 

VEACH- SMITH.— Cards have been received by the friends of Miss Flor- 
ence Helen Veach and Percy Claghorn Smith announcing their en- 

MERRILL-FAY.— Miss Esther Merrill, daughter of Professor and Mrs. 
Merrill, will become the wii'e of Professor PercivaJ Bradshaw Pay on 
August 5th at St, Mark's Church. Berkeley. 

TUTTLE-FOWLER.— Monday evening, August 7th. Miss Dorothy Tuttle 
will become the bride of Franklin Dunning Fowler of New York. 

BLACK-EVERETT.— Robert Boyd Black of Los Angeles and Helen Ro- 

bina Everett of San Francisco were married last Sunday at the home 

of the bride's sister, Dr. Louise Everett Taber. 
HILLER-M'cKAIG.— George Hughes MeKaig and Hazel Heloise Miller. 

of San Mateo, were married on July 7th. 
MAILLOT-GEAR. — Miss Evelyn Maillut of Alameda and Harold Van Clief 

Gear of Honolulu, were married July 14th at the home of the bride's 

parents, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Charles Maillot. 
M3ZE-ORRINGER. — The marriage of Miss Mabel Mize and Allen Orringer 

was solemnized Wednesday evening at the home of the bride In this 



BELL.— Mrs. J. Franklin Bell assembled forty guests in her home at Fort 
Mason Saturday afternoon, the majority of the number being of the 
sub-debutante set of army girls, who were asked to meet Mrs, Bell's 
attractive young niece, Mist, Grace Buford. 

CROCKER.— Mr. and Mis, William H. Crocker will dispense their hos- 
pitality at luncheon Sunday afternoon, it will be In compliment to Mis. 

Cornelius C. C'uyler of New York. 

EDWARDS.- — Mrs. James w. Edwards gave an unusually handsome bridge 

luncheon in honor of Mrs. J. Franklin Bell, wife of General Bell, last 

LYMAN. — Mrs. George Lyman, who is passing the summer ai Redw I 

City, was hostess at luncheon Wednesday afternoon, her guests being 

entertained at the Menlo Country Club. 
MACKENZIE. — Miss Barbara Mackenzie of Portland was given a Luncheon 

July 14th by Mrs. Charles Blyth at her apartment on Powell street. 
MOORE. — A luncheon was given for Mrs. Macondray Moore this week, at 

which Dr. and Mrs. Grant Sel fridge were hosts. 
MORRIS.— Miss Grace Buford will be the complimented guest at a 

luncheon and theatre party at wlnc-h Mrs. John Morris will preside 

Saturday afternoon. 
f'OMEROY. — The Town and Country Club was the setting for a beauti- 
fully appointed luncheon last week, when Mrs. Carter Pitkin Pomeroy 

complimented Miss Barbara McKenzfe. 
&ELFRIDGE.— Dr. and Mrs. Grant Selfrldge gave a pretty out-of-doors 

luncheon party in honor of Mrs. Macondray Mom.-, who Is visiting in 

Santa Barbara. 

TAYLOR,— Miss Bernice Taylor the fiancee of Chester John Roberts, was 

the honor guest at a luncheon Sunday at which Mrs. Nell Cornwall 

was the hostess, 
TEVIS. — : A -roup of friends will enjoy the hospitality of Dr. Harry Tevis 

at luncheon Thursday at his home at Alma. 
ZEILE.— Mrs. Harold Dillingham entertained last week at a Luncheon at 

her home in Honolulu in honor of Miss Marion Zeile, 


ARMSBY. — Raymond Armsby was host at a dinner at the Burlin-^ame 
Country Club July 11th. in honor of Mr. and Mrs. John G. McCul lough 
of New Y"ik and Miss Dorothy Brown of London. 

CROCKER. — Mrs. William H. Crocker entertained some friends at a din- 
ner party Saturday night to meet General Fltzpatrick, who Is home 
from France. 

GRANT. — Mr. and Mrs. Joseph D. Grant were the guests of honor at 
the dinner given July 18th by Mrs. Cornelius Cuyler. The setting for 
the affair was the St. Francis Hotel. 

HENSHAW. — Mrs. William G. Henshaw, who recently re-opened her 
country home at Montecito, entertained at a motor trip and dinner 
Thursday, the party going to Ventura for the evening's entertain- 

JONES. — Recently, in compliment of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Keeney and 
Mrs. Alia Henshaw Checkering, who are passing the summer in Mon- 
b'litn. Miss Nina Jones presided at an elaborate dinner. 

M.ENDELL. — Mr. and Mrs. Henry George Men dell, Jr.. have issued in- 
vitations for a dinner to be given Friday at their home on Pacific 

TAYLOR.— Miss Bernice Taylor, a popular bride-to-be. and her fiance. 
Chesley John Roberts, furnished inspiration for a delightful dinner 

party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Neil Cornwall, the latter of whom 
will be matron of honor for Miss Taylor at her wedding next month. 
WHITTELL. — The St. Francis Hotel was the setting for a handsomely 
appointed dinner given recently by Alfred Whittell. 


YOUNG. — The Oriental fete given in the grounds of the home of Mr. and 

Mrs. George Young in Ross drew a large throng Saturday evening. 

SIMONS.— As a pretty welcome to Mrs. Frank Peterson Simons, who came 
to Belvedere from Canada as a bride not long ago, Mis. <\ Edward 
Holmes gave a garden party on Saturday, at her pretty home on tin- 


KERFOOT. — Mrs, John Bryson Kerfoot was the complimented guest at 
a bridge tea given July 14th by Mrs. W. S. Clapp and Mrs. George 

Mi CORMICK. — Mrs. A. T. Smith, wife of Major Smith, is here from T 
on a shoit visit. Mrs. Lloyd McCormick was hostess at a bridge 
party In honor of Mrs. A. T. Smith Sunday at the Cecil Hotel 


CH3TTY. — Mrs, William l>. Chittj and Mrs. John Morris poured tea at 
the reception given last Saturday by Mrs. J, Franklin Bell. 

DAVIS.— Mrs. Wlnfleld Scott Davis has Issued invitations for e reception 
to be given on July 17th at hei home at Ross. 

HAVENS.— Mrs. Frank C. Havens opened "Wildw d." her beautiful 

Piedmont home Sunday afternoon for an informal at home, at Which 
Mrs. Ida Husted Harper, journalist, sociologist and suffragist, was 
the special guest. 

GOLDFISH. — In honor of the engagement of Miss Flattie Goldfish and 
Dr. Joseph L. Boehm of St. Louis. Mr. and Mrs. Ii. Goldfish enter- 
tained at a reception last Saturday evening at their home, J: 1 32 Jackson 

HOWLES.- Mr. and Mrs. Philip E. Bowles, who hav i„ ■<-,, with friends 
on the Atlantic Coast, visiting at various summer beaches on the 
• •oast north of Connecticut, are home again. 

1 1EGEH. — Mr. and Mrs. I.'. C. Ih^r, a- ■ ■« unpan k-d bj Mr, and Mrs. Ralph 

Heger and Miss Elizabeth Fitzgerald, have returned from a month's 

trip to Southern California and \h>- Yosemite. 
HENSHAW.- Mr. and Mrs. Tyler Henshaw and daughters, Mrs. Pearl 

Fillmore and [da Henshaw. have returned from e brief sojourn at 

Del Monte. 
K'AHN. — Mr. and Mrs. Martin Kahn have returned rrom their honeyi n 

trip to the rosemlte Valley, and are now- living at 712 Clayton street 
PISCHEI*. — Dr. and Mrs. Kaspar PIscbel, Miss Sepha Ptsehel and Dohr- 

mann and Harold Plschel ha\.- just returned from an enjoyable trip 

to Alaska. Tin-y made the Journey Crom here to Seattle and bark by 



DUTTON, Mr. and Mis. Henry Foster Dutton and Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Knighl are motoring to the Weber Lake Country Club In the Sierras. 


overlooking the beautiful Plaza of Union 

Square, the Hotel of refinement and service, 

is offering special rates to permanent guests. 

Hotel Plaza Company 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


FRENZEL. Mr. and Mrs. E. A, Prenzel and family sailed last week ror 
Manila, P. [., where Mr, Prensel win assume the duties 
agent roi ■" new Wella Fargo «^ Co, branch there. 

HBGBB Mr. and Mrs. D C. Heger left Sunday for the Tl sand Is- 
lands, In the St. Lawrence River, joining friends from New Sforh foi 
:i visit of six weeks there. 

RUTHERFORD. -Mr. and Mrs. Aloxander Rutherford have g to Santa 

Barbara, joining Eastern friends there ror a month 


APPLEGARTH. — Mr. and Mrs. Adrian Applegarth will soon occupj their 
beautiful new e that is being built in this city. 

BEAN. — Mr. and Mrs. Barton Bean have taken a cottage at Castella for 
a month. 

ttlSHOP. — Mr. and Mrs. Roy Bishop have rented Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Thomas' house at Ross, which they will occupy during the remainder 
of the summer. 

BISHOP. — Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Bishop, who have closed their home in 
Oakland avenue for the summer, are established at their country 
place at Ben Lomond, where they are entertaining many friends from 

BOWEN. — Miss Gladys Bowen left Saturday for Monterey, where she is 
the guest of Major and Mrs, Henry Kinnison at the Presidio of Mon- 

BREMER. — Mrs. Milton Bremer is enjoying a tour of Southern California. 

CAROLAN. — Mrs, James Carolan and Miss Emily Carolan, who are en- 
joying a tour of Southern California, arrived Friday in Santa Bar- 

CARPENTER.— Mr. and Mrs. Charles Whitney Carpenter, who are in Cali- 
fornia on their honeymoon, plan to leave in September for China and 
Japan, to be in the Orient most of the winter, returning for the pleas- 
ant season at Honolulu. 

CARROLL. — Following a five weeks' honeymoon after their marriage in 
Oklahoma City, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard C. Carroll have arrived in Ala- 
meda, and are guests at the home of the bride's mother, Mrs. Thomas 
J. Kirk, where they will reside permanently. 

CLEMENT. — Miss Ada Clement is spending the month at Fallen Leaf 
Lake, near Lake Tahoe. She is with Dr. and Mrs Hodghead. 

1 JEERING. — Mr. and Mrs. Frank P. Deering and Miss Francesca Deering 
were week-end guests at the A. A. Moore* home near Mission Peak. San 

EDDY. — Clarence Eddy, the organist, and Mrs. Eddy have been at Casa 
del Rey a few days, 

OOGDFELLOW — Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Goodfellow will pass part of the 
summer at Monterey, where the latter's parents, Judge and Mrs. 
Corey, of Fresno, have taken a cottage for the season. 

HALL. — Mrs. William M. Hall and daughter, Mrs. Harry Hays, are enjoy- 
ing a month's outing at Lake TahOe. 

HANCHETT. — Mr. and Mrs. Lewis E. Hanchett. who are passing the sum- 
mer at Capitola. have as their house guest the former's niece, Mrs. 
J. Langdon Erving. 

HOBART. — Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hobart, Mr. and Mrs. Frank P. Deering 

and Mr. and Mrs. Louis C. Mullgardt, will be a I se party at the 

home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Davis, at their ranch in San Benito 
County over the coming week-end. 

JACKSON. — Mr. and Mrs. Henry Eugene Jackson and Miss Pauline Adams 
are at Mohawk, having made the trip to the Feather River country 
by auto. 

JUDGE. — Mr. and Mrs. J. Frank Judge have arrived from Salt Lake Cltj 
and are tin musts of Mr. and Mrs. I >. C. Jackling at the Hotel si. 

KiNES. — A complete reunion of the members of her family, the first held 
in many years, marked the birthday anniversary a few days i^" of 
Mrs. John Perctval Jones at her home in Santa Monica. 

KALES. — Mr. and Mrs. Franklin Kales are en route (" Alaska, Return- 
ing, they will visit at resorts in British Columbia 

KING.— Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Ubby King, Jr.. have l»eti enjoying a visit 

at Wawono, having made the trip by motor from San Francisco 

LATHROP. Mi- and Mrs. I, eland S. Lathrop and thetr 9 

Lathrop, Jr.. have joined the summer colony at Feather River Inn. 
LUND. — Mr. and Mis. Henry C. Lund leave for Honolulu on the 26th 
MeNFAK. -Cyril McNear and Kenneth Walsh are motOI 

ite Vallea 

MARTE. — Mr. ami Mrs, George T Marye will go t-> SaJ i foi 

visit a.1 the home of Mrs. Charles n Hopkins, who was recei 
with her son. Prince Hopkins. 

MARTIN, Mr, and Mrs. Walter S. Martin and Mrs, Malcolm i>. Whit- 
man win go to Del Monte for b fortnight Mr. Whitman Is expected 
to arrive later In the month to accompany Mrs, Whitman to the Mc- 
* Sloud Kn er Count] > l Sub. 

MAHONBT. -Miss Louis was the guest last week ->f Mrs. 

i tincoln Karmanj al Sfare island. 

McKAY. Mrs. Ue: mdi I M< K at the Fairmont Motel, 

McKIBBEN Mi uni Mrs. Henrj McKlbben will arrive shortly in Ber- 
keley, where they are t" make their homo, Thej are now honeymoon- 
ing in Northern California. 

MacMONNIES. -Mr and Mrs MacMcmnles are coming north in t 

future to visit Mis MacMonntes nmt. Mre. knall, at her 

home on Green si reet 

MeXKAK Mr, and Mrs. John A. MeXear. Mi. and Mrs Conittd P 

Or the summer, and Mr. and Mrs Uaae I'pham 
air a in ei i J hi il<> summer colon j 

■ ■ 

MSB.— Mr and Mrs John Hubert Me iwstane 

National Park. 
PICKERING Mr. and Mrs Lorlng Picket was an 

: i.w weeks 

W. i 'loda have eli ised th tvn i si 

occupying their magnlfli ent coui 

1 lerald Ra I h] 

i rederlcl 

HIODA.— Mr. and Mrs I. \Y 

California streel . and are 
Santa Cruz. 
UATHBONE.- Mr. and Mrs 
Kohl af Lake Tahoe. 

[tOSENSTOCK. — Mrs. Samuel RosenfitOCk and her daughter, Mrs. 

K. Nuttail. are passing the summer months a1 Del Monti/. 

srOTT.-Mr. and Mrs. Henry il. Scott, win- have been in Sail Lake ' 

the guests of Mr. and Mrs, J. Frank Judge, arrived home July L8th. 

SPRECKJ3LS— Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Spreckels and their children mo- 
tored from Yosemite to Lake Tahoe. They are at the Tavern. 

THOMAS. — Mr. and Mrs. William Thomas arc the guests of Mr. and Mrs. 
H. M. A. Miller at their home in Ross. 

WEBB. — Mr. and Mrs. Harry Webb of Paris and New York, will arrive 
here shortly. The Webbs are the particular friends of Mr. and Mrs. 
Laurence Irving Scott, Mrs. Irving M. Seott and Mrs. Jos, Crockett, 
and have often visited here before. 

WEBB, — Mr. Webb will join friends for a week at the Bohemian Club 
grove on the Russian river, and will remain to see the annual play. 

WILLCUTT. — Dr. and Mrs. George Willcutt, accompanied by Miss Kate 
Stone and Philip Baker, recently enjoyed a motor trip through North- 
ern California. 

WILLYS. — Mr. and Mrs. John Willys, who were in this city last winter 
for some weeks, and during that time made many friends here, have 
rented Mr. and Mrs. Daniel C. Jackling's yacht for the rest of the 

WINCHESTER.— Mrs. Frank Winchester. Miss Patience Winchester and 
Miss Veronica Byrnes are visiting the Edward G. Sehmiedells at Lake 




Justly Renowned for Their Purity and Age 



^^^uT-^ at these 

tfMfo LOW 

f// SUNSET \*^\ — - «, _^ „ n 


M r juVes j j r /\tVlLO 


^V,^* I \_^S Baltimore $108.50 

Boston 112.70 

FIRST IN SAFETY Chicago 72.50 

Dallas 62.50 

SALE DATES °«nver 55.00 

Houston 62.50 

July 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11. 12, 13, 26, Kansas City 60.00 

27 28. Memphis 70.00 

Aug. 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10. 24, 25, 28, Montreal 110.70 

2 g. New Orleans 70.00 

Sept. 7, 8. 12. 13. New York 1 ' - 70 

Ttckett w.l. also be so.d to ™"l l.d.lphl. "0.70 

Buffalo. N. Y.. July 4. 5 and 6. «■ L , ouls ™°° 

Ausus A h V Y?\! : £ c Tu- w«on •.•.:::::.■::::: ,££ 

nati. Ohio. July 11. 12 and 13: 

to Davenport, la.. July 26. 27 and Ogden, Salt Lake City and 

28; to Chattanooga, Tenn., Sep- other points upon request. 

tember 11 and 11 Good on A n Trains 

„ , ., . .... Pullman Standard and Tourist 

Going Limit 1» days. Sleeping Cars 

Return Limit Three Months 

„ .«..».. . . Best Dining Car In America 

from Date of Sale, but not af- Stopovers 

ter October 31. 1916. Going and Returning 

$110.70 to New York is good between New Orleans and New 
York by Southern Pacific's Atlantic S. S. Line, with sailings 
Wednesdays and Saturdays, and includes Berth and Meals on 

For Train Service and Sleeping Car Berths 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 


The beautiful art exhibits in the recent Panama-Pacific Inter- 
national Exposition greatly stimulated an appreciation of ar- 
tistic things and surroundings in California. Notably in San 
Francisco this movement has been expressing itself in many 

forms. E. B. Courvoisier, 
at his art establishment, 431 
Sutter street, is making a 
notable display of various 
kinds and characters of 
things artistic for the home. 
Individuality and efficiency 
have transformed his shop 
into one of the most attrac- 
tive show places of its kind 
in San Francisco. One of 
his specialties is subtly dis- 
played in his fine judgment 
in framing a picture so as 
to bring out the effects of 
the canvas to its best ad- 
vantage. Family photo- 
graphs are handled in the 
same sympathetic spirit. In 
his long experience of over 
thirty-five years of superior 
trade, Mr. Courvoisier has 
accumulated over two thou- 
sand patterns and finishes 
in framing material, to- 
gether with original hand- 
carved designs, many of 
them unique specimens of 
master craftsmanship in 
tooling classic forms. His four special departments of gilding, 
framing, fitting and hand-carving, complete in every detail and 
under expert supervision, furnish ideal surroundings, where 
pictures of all kinds may be framed to harmonize with their 

£. B. Courvoisier 


The Knickerbocker Orchestra, organized during the Exposi- 
tion by Emilie Illsley-McCormack (who incidentally is the only 
woman directing an orchestra composed of men) is also recog- 
nized as the only woman conducting an orchestra for society. 
So far in its career, the Knickerbocker Orchestra has established 
itself firmly in the favor of those who appreciate and demand 
good music. It was the most popular orchestra at the Exposi- 
tion, and was selected by the National Dancing Masters (dur- 
ing their convention here) for their big cotillion, by Oscar Dur- 
yea of New York, president, as having the best rhythm of any 
orchestra they had heard here. 

Mrs. McCormack was educated in New York and Boston, and 
quickly won a reputation in her calling, and was called "the 
cleverest all-round young lady musician in New York." She 
was concert accompanisle at the Institute of Musical Art there, 
and in several instances was complimented by famous singers 
requesting her specially to accompany them. 

The Knickerbocker Orchestra and the Knickerbocker Concert 
Trio are composed of men selected from the Symphony and 
Philharmonic Orchestras, artists on their respective instruments. 
They played for practically all the prominent people that were 
entertained at the Exposition, notably that of the ball and ban- 
quet given by Judge Bailey Lamar, U. S. Government Commis- 
sioner, and conceded the most magnificent function given dur- 
ing the Exposition. They were also chosen as the official or- 
chestra of the New York building. 

Among well known people here and New York before whom 
the "Knickerbockers," also Mrs. McCormack has played, are 
Mrs. Alexander Cassatt, wife of the late president of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad ; Mrs. Pierre Mali, wife of the Belgian 
Consul; the late Bishop Potter, Mrs. Wm. H. Crocker, Mrs. 
Henry J. Crocker, Mrs. Guy Requa, Mrs. Henry Sahlein, Mrs. 
Christian De Guigne, Mrs. Lewis Hobart, Mrs. Bowie Detrick, 
Mrs. Walker C. Graves. Mrs. McCormack was the only "out- 
side" soloist to ever play at the exclusive Jekyl Millionaire's 
Club at Brunswick, Ga., composed of the Goulds, Vanderbilts, 
Pierpont Morgans, Astors, and other prominent people. It is 
the wealthiest club in the world. 

The First Fire Insurance Company to Issue 
a Policy on the Pacific Coast 

(Note our advertisement in San Francisco News Letter of 
October 20th-November 6th, 1856, with this issue) 





Insurance Co., Ltd. 


444 California St., San Francisco 

ROBERT 'P. FAB] - - - Manager 

Has endeavored during its service of sixty -seven years in 
the United States to exemplify the definition of the words 
to insure, viz: " To make certain or secure." 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916. 

and California Advertiser 




I stood in the shadows of the little London drug shop, watch- 
ing it while the proprietor, my friend, was attending to a private 
errand elsewhere. The street outside was very quiet; for a long 
time there had been no customers. 

Presently the door squeaked open, and a slim young girl's 
figure appeared in the square of mellow light in the front of the 

"What can I do for you, Miss?" I asked with my best profes- 
sional air, as she approached the counter. She was young, she 
was fragile looking, she was carefully though shabbily dressed; 
these things I saw in the first rapid glance I gave her. 

"Rouge," she said in the low, sweet voice of a gentlewoman; 
"you know, for the face, for color." 

Perhaps I looked surprised; I was so, for the young English 
girl of the class to which this one apparently belonged decidedly 
has no floir for cosmetics. She regards them as very doubtful 
form. The girl seemed at any rate to note something unusual 
in my glance; for she flushed slowly and painfully, as if the 
rouge she had requested were already magically transferred to 
her cheeks. In a moment a tear rolled from her eyelash, and 
she bit her childish under-lip in a heroic effort for self-control. 

"Won't you tell me about it?" I said, forgetting my role of 
shop-keeper for the moment. 

She looked at me simply, her face like a rain-swept flower. 
She, too, had forgotten everything except that I was a sympa- 
thetic listener, a fellow human soul. This is unusual in England. 

"Only this morning I heard it," she said in the weary mono- 
tone of suppressed grief. "My brother is — was in the trenches; 
he was killed instantly some days ago by an exploding shell. 
My mother is very frail ; we were all she had, Tom and I — and 
since his regiment went to the front she has just clung to life by 
a thread. I dare not tell her — I — it would kill her — " 

The slim young form shook with tearing, sundering sobs, but 
only for a moment. I saw she feared to relax even for an in- 
stant her hold upon herself. 

"I dare not tell her," she went on presently; "she is very ill 
to-day. I couldn't lose them both now. 

"So you see I have to look gay and happy. If mother should 
see me, pale and heavy-eyed like this, she would know instantly 
that something was wrong; that I was hiding something." 

"So the rouge ?" 

"The rouge will make me look flushed and rosy. It will per- 
haps make it easier to hide it from her now; and some day 
when she is stronger — if — if she gets better now — I shall have 
to tell her — but not now; — I couldn't do it — now." 

She took the little box I gave her without a second's glance 
at it; drew a coin out of her worn purse and laid it on the coun- 
ter calmly, and walked quietly out of the shop, her childish 
rnouth set in firm lines- 

I stood awhile where she had left me; and the thought I had 
that this tragic tabloid drama which she purposed to act was but 
one infinitesimal drop in the cup of the sorrows of her country 
and the world, did not comfort me. — Hildegarde Hagerman in 
The Detroit Saturday Nigh I. 


Letters from many members of the Fifth Regiment, N. G. C, 
who are strung out in camp along the Nogales stretch of the 
Mexican border are rather heated, caustic and bitter over con- 
ditions there. The camp of several companies is on ground so 
badly formed for the purpose that if a cloud storm broke over- 
head it would wash everything out of sight. As it is, their 
troubles seem to be piling up rather than rising with the heat 
and drifting over into the next camp. 

"During the last two or three days, the men who left private 
business interests, home ties and professions to fight the battles 
of Uncle Sam, are growing impatient and disgusted with the 
latest guff about peace carrying any kind of an excuse in order 
to avoid war with Mexico. These men are not over-anxious to 
go to war, but they are beginning to believe that they were 
tooled into coming down here on the border, and that the sac- 
rifices they made are to no purpose." 

In the Nogales section there are about 10,000 men, both 
National Guard and regulars. According to a recent letter, the 
National Guard has been mustered into the regular service for 

the campaign. Numbers of the National Guard are ex-regulars 
who mustered in to take a "joy flyer" on an expected "picnic 
excursion" along the border. 




Located one mile from Kan Rafaelin the taealthleBt part of beautiful Marin 
( iiuiity. School fulls accredited. Highest rani accorded i.v i s. War Dept. 
Hisii morals ami strict attention demanded. Special attention to Physical 
Culture and Athletics. Expert and experienced 
for each pupil. Juniors in separate building 
Write for catalog. 


insi rui tors. Separate r 

39th year begins in August. 


REX W. SHERER, President 

Hitchcock Military Academy 





Boarding and Day Pupils. "Accredited" by all accredit- 
ing institutions, both in California and in Eastern States. 


The Jieringer Conservatory of Music 

926 Pierce Street, near McAllister 

Directors: Joseph Beringer (Concert Pianist) 
Mme. Jos. Beringer (Concert Contralto) 

Thorough education in Pianoforte Playing and Singing. 
Special departments for beginners, amateurs and 
professionals. Pupils prepared for the operatic and 
concert stage. Opportunities given to advanced piano 
and vocal students to join the well known Beringer 
Musical Club for public appearances. 




Sight Reading, Ear Training, Theory, 
Musical Form, Appreciation 




{Boarding and Day School for Girls, 

College Preparatory, 
Grammar and Primary Departments. 



Special Care Given to Younger Children. 







San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

Plea for "Good Roads" 

In view of the fact that we have days set apart for tree- 
planting, when no one plants trees; labor day, when no one 
labors; and other special days, it would appear to be quite fit- 
ting to have a day for the promotion of good roads, which are 
of great importance to our State as a direct commercial asset. 

The chief attraction of California in the eyes of the Easterner 
is that it is essentially a pleasure and health resort; and from 
that there is a vast amount of profit to be derived by the people 
of the State — witness the Riviera, Switzerland, and other parts 
of Europe which are practically dependent on the lighter side of 
life for support. 

Now, we maintain that California's industrial, mining and 
agricultural features far transcend her mere playground possi- 
bilities, but the latter are, after all, the best and most spectacu- 
lar advertisement we could have to lure tourists, and many of 
these will remain. 

A prolonged joy-ride is good bait. The roads naturally sug- 
gest themselves as being the very first consideration on these 
lines, and therefore the petition following, which has been ad- 
dressed to the Governor of the State, has especial interest. 

It may be noted that a holiday is not desired. 

Whereas, There is a general movement on foot 
among the Governors of the Eastern States to set 
apart some one day during the week of August 6th 
to 12th inclusive as a "Good Roads Day," and 

Whereas, We understand that such a movement is 
already on foot in our sister States of Washington, 
Oregon, Nevada, Utah and Arizona, and 

Whereas, We believe that the good roads move- 
ment is of greater benefit to our Pacific Coast States 
and to California in particular than to any of the 
other States in the Union, 

THEREFORE, We, the undersigned, do respect- 
fully petition that your Excellency set apart some 
one day during the week of August 6th to 12th in- 
clusive, as California "Good Roads Day," not as a 
public holiday, but as a day to be generally observed 
nevertheless, by appropriate exercises throughout the 
various cities, towns and municipalities of our com- 
monwealth, by such appropriate exercises as may 
appeal to the various mayors, boards of selectmen, 
chambers of commerce, automobile clubs, etc. 

Thanks to the untiring efforts of our State High- 
way Commission, our California State highways 
were never in such splendid condition for tourist 
travel as at the present time. The transcontinental 
routes are now open, and the Pacific Highway, from 
Seattle to Los Angeles and San Diego, is also in ex- 
cellent condition, and invites the tourists to our sun- 
kissed State. 

It seems eminently fitting, therefore, that especi- 
ally at this time some one day be set apart to pub- 
licly announce these important facts to the world for 
the further glorification and advantage of our State, 
and for the further stimulation of tourist travel west- 

* * * 

Cars Contribute Over Sixteen Millions to Roads 

During the fiscal year 1915, the number of automobiles in 
the United States reached 2,445,644, and the license and regis- 
tration fees paid for them into the treasuries of the 48 States 
of the Union totaled $18,245,713, including owners', drivers' and 
dealers' licenses. Ninety per cent of this sum was spent by 
the State governments on the improvement of roads and bridges 

— contributing more than seven per cent of the total amount re- 
quired for the proper maintenance of roads. Comparison with 
1906, when automobiles paid less than 3-10 of one per cent of 
this cost, shows the importance of license money in road con- 

According to the information gathered by the Department 
of Agriculture, the growth of the volume of fees and registra- 
tions is noted by the fact that in 1901 New York — which was 
the first State in the Union to require fees — collected only 
$954. In 1906, only 48,000 cars were registered throughout 
the entire United States. By 1915, however, the number had 
jumped to the figure given, so that there is slightly more than 
one motor car registered for each of the 2,375,000 miles of road 
outside of the incorporated towns and cities. 

The relation between cars and road mileage varies widely in 
different sections. There is only one motor car for every six 
miles of rural road in Nevada, but nearly six motor cars for 
every mile of such road in New Jersey. There is an average of 
one motor car registration for every 44 persons in the United 
States. Iowa apparently leads, however, with one motor car 
for every 16 persons, while only one for every 200 persons is 
registered for Alabama. 

It must be understood, however, that the figures of registra- 
tion do not necessarily represent a total number of cars, as some 
of the States do net require annual registration, others group 
pleasure and commercial cars and motorcycles in their ac- 
counts, while still other States do not require registration of 

There is great inequality in the registration fees charged by 
the different States. The average for the United States is $7.46. 
The State of Vermont, however, secured in 1915 a gross revenue 
of $18.10 for each motor car, while Minnesota received only 
about 50 cents annually for each car. In Texas and South Caro- 
lina no annual registration fees are collected, the only require- 
ment being a county fee of fifty cents and $1 respectively for 
perennial registration. Most of the States, however, also levy 
annual taxes on motor vehicles, and this adds importantly to the 
public revenue contributed by the owners of motor-propelled 

In the number of registrations New York State led in 1915 
with 255,242; Illinois was second with 180,832; California 
third with 163,797; and Pennsylvania fourth with 160,137. In 
gross revenues received from this source, however, California 
led with $2,027,432; New York was second with $1,991,181; 
Pennsylvania third, with $1,665,276; while Iowa, with 145,000 
cars registered, came fourth in point of revenue with $1,533,- 

* * * 

Horse Shortage Boosts Autos 

Estimates of exports of horses and mules from the United 
States up to July 1, 1916, based on the statistics up to and in- 
cluding March 1, 1916, show that nearly a million draft animals 
have been shipped abroad for use in the war. About 700,000 of 
these were horses and the rest mules. As the total stock of 
draft animals in the United States in 1914 was calculated at 
20,000,000, the export of a million animals constitutes a serious 
problem for the United States government. It is the general 
opinion that this combination of factors — scarcity and high 
price of animals, and plentitude and low price of motor cars — 
will redound to the advantage of the latter, and there seems 
every indication of large purchases to be made by the United 
States army authorities for use in the border campaign now go- 
ing on. 

The demand from abroad for horseflesh has had the inevitable 
effect of raising prices, and the average price of the horses ex- 
ported since the war started is $212 compared with $149 in the 
1914 fiscal year, $138 in 1913 and $137 in 1912. The average 
price of the mules shipped abroad similarly has been $200 
against $141 in 1914, $154 in 1913, and $149 in 1912. 

This rise in prices and the increasing difficulty of getting 
animals in quantity, coupled with the growing governmental and 
private appreciation of the merits of the motor truck, is ex- 
pected to cause large increases in truck sales. 

* * * 

Origin of "Let George Do It." 

Among the most noteworthy of the men who have come to In- 
dianapolis to take part in the mechanical development of the 
new Premier car is George J. Miller, known throughout the mo- 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


tor car industry as the man who took the old Thomas around the 
world in 1908. Although he encountered many difficulties and 
at times had to ship his car by boat, the trip was completed, 
and it still constitutes the most daring undertaking in the annals 
of touring. 

An interesting companion story is the way in which a well 
known piece of American slang originated. After his trip 
around the world, whenever anything difficult was encountered 
around the old Thomas factory the other workmen fell into the 
habit of saying "Let George do it." 

For two months George has had personal supervision of the 
preliminary test models which the Premier Motor Corporation 
has been building. The old globe-girdler claims that the new 
Premier motor is the most nearly fool-proof motor that has 
ever been designed, and is asking the Premier factory to let 
him take the first car of the new Premier regular production from 
New York to San Francisco, in record breaking time. I can 
take this Premier from the Battery to the Cliff House without 
once touching the gear shift buttons," says George, "making 
every inch of the run across the continent on high." Miller 
bases his belief on the fact that the new Premier has remark- 
able torque at low speed and under heavy load, requiring very 
little gear shifting. He is serious in his desire to make the test, 
although the Premier factory is frankly opposed to stunt ad- 

* * * 

Superintendent H. A. French of the State Motor Vehicle De- 
partment reports the following statistics to last Saturday for 
1916: Registrations — Automobiles, 192,425; motorcycles, 26,- 
095; chauffeurs, 1,038; automobile dealers, 1,279; motorcycle 
dealers, 194. Receipts — Automobiles, $1,917,525.51; motor- 
cycles, $49,058; chauffeurs, $18,451.80; automobile dealers, 
$31,944.25; motorcycle dealers, $852. Miscellaneous, $2,202. 
Total, $2,020,033.56. 

Famous Road Will Soon Be Opened 

That the Tioga road will be ready for traffic early this month 
was the word brought into the Yosemite recently by Bayard 
Buckham and Anthony Folger, of the University of California, 
who were the first hikers over the Tioga this season. The boys 
drove to Mono Lake from Lake Tahoe, and left their car there. 
They hiked the forty-two miles into the Yosemite Valley in two 

A road crew of fourteen men is at work on the east side of 
the pass, cutting through the drifts and putting the road into 
shape for travel. In addition the sun is playing havoc with the 
snow, and there is every indication that the road will be open 
and ready by the 15th inst. This will give at least three months 
of good travel over the Tioga route. The road from Lake Ta- 
hoe to Mono Lake is in excellent condition, and there will be 
quite a little motor travel over it this season, is the report of 
the pair. 





Tips to Automobi lists 

The Newt Letter recommend! the following garages, hotels and supply 
hou»e*. Tourists will do well to cut this Hat out and keep It as a guide: 

PALO ALTO.— LARKIN'S CAFE— Just opened. The only strictly first- 
class cafe on the Wishbone Route devoted to the patronage of automobile 
owners and their families. Corner of University avenue and The Circle. 

SAN JOSE.— T \M01-L-E GRILL. 36-S8 North First street. The best 
French dinner In California, 76 cents, or a la carte. Automobile parties 
given particular attention. 

PALO ALTO.— PALO ALTO GARAGE. 443 Emmerson St.. Tel.. P. A. 
333. Auto livery at all hours. Tires and sundries In stock. Gasoline, oil. 
repairing, lathework. vulcanizing. One- day and night. 


Strictly Fire Proof Building 




Know What You Are Going to Pay. Ask 


" the man zvho knows " 

1445 BUSH ST. Phone Franklin 2190 

General automobile repairing. Reboring and rebuild- 
ing of motors a specialty. Only first class work handled 
and all work guaranteed. Gray and Davis starting and 
lighting systems repaired. 

Rayfield Carburetor Service Station. 


It suits because it doesn't soot" 

If you want to prolong the life of your engine 
If you want to eliminate smoke and carbon 
If you want to reduce your oil expense 

Use MoToRoL 

Hughson & Merton, Inc. 

530 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco, Cat. 


J. B. Kelly J. H. Ross 

Kelly Ball Bearing Co 


New and Rebuilt 
Ball Bea r i ngs 


1155 Van Ness Avenue 

Phone Prospect 4300 Sin Francisco. Cal. 


PROOF BUILDING Phones— Park 8.386. Park 5138 








8th an 

i Market Sts. San Francisco 



Long Mileage Tires and Second-Hand Tires 
Ererything Needed for the Bus 

1135 VAN NESS AVE.— Near Geary Phone PROSPECT 1566 

Automobile Starting and Lighting Systems 
Give Satisfactory Results When Given Proper Attention 

We specialize on electrical equipment, storage batteries, etc. 
and guarantee satisfaction. 


639 Van Nc» Ave. BRAND 4. CUSHMAN Phone Prospect 741 



oiq OOC CI I IC CT Between Polk and 
019-000 LL.L.U Ol. Van Ness Avenue 



San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number. 1916. 


The car that is always there when you want it, that takes 
you from one place to another in such perfect comfort that you 
are not mentally driving the car all the time (even though 
you hold the wheel) and which is so sure that you divide time 
into minute fractions in your calculations — that car is the 
one most desired thing. And that car is the Pierce-Arrow. 


W. F. CULBERSON, President 
Geary at Polk Street San Francisco, California 

We Have Figures From Owners of Our Trucks to Prove to Your Satisfaction That 

Gramm-Bernstein Motor Trucks 

T)o the Work of 'Uwo to Six Teams and Save Enough to Pay 
the First Cost of the Trucks at an Average of 5\^/ne Months 

Gramm-Bernstein Motor Trucks in long service give us simple and sure control — dry disk clutch — specially strong 

figures with which to give you an accurate line on your spring mounting — advance construction throughout, 

proposition. Many of our trucks have carried loads 50,000 <, T7Trc . aisjt-> pDirt-c 

miles at an expense of upkeep covering only the most or- rKlCJib 

dinary renewals and repairs. Chassis painted to order 

The savings that Gramm-Bernstein Trucks make over 1-ton $1650 

horse drawn vehicles prove beyond question that the aver- 1 5-ton 2000 

age time in which the Gramm-Bernstein Truck will return 2-ton 2300 

the entire purchase price is nine months. 2%-ton 2700 

There is a Gramm-Bernstein truck for every purpose — ' 2-ton 3400 

every duty. 5-ton 4300 

Every truck equipped with the Gramm-Bernstein trou- 6-ton 4500 

ble-proof transmission-found only in the Gramm-Bern- AU si:es and Prices F B Lima 
stem trucks — gears always in mesh— stripping impossible. 

Worm-drive— power and strength for great overload— WE BUILD ALL KINDS OF BODIES, AS ORDERED 




1529-41 Van Ness Avenue - - San Francisco, Cal. 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


I Take YourCue From New York 

Happen along Broadway any day and watch the fashionable 
and wealthy drive by in their National Highway cars. These 
New York buyers are known to be the most discriminating 
kind, constantly searching for the acme of perfection in motor 
car style, construction and finish. 

Among those for whom price is no factor, the popularity 
of the "National Highway" was never greater. It has the 
"class'' the New Yorker favors, it has the smartness, the 
snap, the ginger, the go, the punch! 

New York is the best market in the world for better grade 
cars. Only two other cars of the National "Highway" Twelve 
price (or better) have sold as many cars this year, as the 
sales of National cars — and both of these other cars were of 
the Multiple Cylinder construction (V Type Motor) tike the 
National Twelve. 

In fact, of all the better grade cars (over $1700) sold this 
year more than 70 per cent have been of the Multiple Cylin- 
der Type. 

You can step into the National Salesrooms right here in 
your city and see the very cars that have taken New York 
by storm. You will see more than bodies of surpassing grace 
and excellence of finish; you will see the pattern by which 
other cars will be made next year. The National's fifteen 
years of successful experience is reflected in the mechanical 
structure of this "Highway" Twelve. 


1128 Van Ness Ave. 
San Francisco 

National Motor Vehicle Company, Indianapolis, Ind. 


San Francisco News Letter 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 


The Board of Fire Commissioners 
charges that there are not sufficient fire 
escapes on high buildings in San Fran- 
cisco, that building regulations are anti- 
quated and inefficient, that the San Fran- 
cisco fire department is organized and op- 
erated for fire extinguishing purposes 
only, and recommends the establishment 
of a fire prevention bureau to be oper- 
ated in conjunction with the fire depart- 
ment, claiming that the cost of maintain- 
ing such a bureau would not increase the 
expense of the fire department more than 
one per cent. 

* * # 

The Home of New York led during the 
first six months of this year in amount of 
San Francisco premiums, the total being 
$136,475; The Liverpool & London & 
Globe followed with $124,710; the Aetna 
secured premiums amounting to $96,565; 
Hartford, $75,125; London, $44,116; At- 
las, $21,347; Connecticut, $21,990; 
Franklin, $8,061; Fire Association, $26,- 
858; Fireman's Fund, $52,463; German- 
American, $33,234; Insurance Co. of 
North America, $36,488; London & Lan- 
cashire, $35,954; Norwich Union, $17,- 
169; Orient, $12,184; Pennsylvania, $12,- 
600; Queen, $20,176; Springfield, $36,- 
968; Union, $14,754; Western, $11,503. 

* * * 

Delegates elected to represent the Life 
Underwriters' Association of San Fran- 
cisco at the National Convention to be 
held at St. Louis next September, are: 
H. J. Saunders, Western States Life; F. 
V. Keesling and Chas. A. Cohen, West 
Coast-San Francisco Life; J. M. Kilga- 
rif and Horace R. Hunter, Pacific Mutual 
Life; Alfred Mathews, Provident Life & 
Trust; Paul T. Bell and S. J. Vogel, New 
York Life; J. B. Thomas, Northwestern 
Mutual ; and A. M. Shields, Equitable. 

* * * 

Two former San Francisco men, Fred 
B. Lloyd, formerly general manager of 
the Pacific Coast Casualty, and Thomas 
L. Miller, formerly president of the 
West-Coast-San Francisco Life, have 
gained distinction East, Mr. Lloyd by 
being elected vice-president of the Cas- 
ualty Company of America, and Mr. 
Miller by becoming secretary treasurer 
of the same company. Since the merger 
of the Pacific Coast Casualty with the 
Casualty Company of America the latter 
company has been greatly strengthened, 
and takes its place among the strongest 
casualty companies of the country. 

* * * 

C. E. Linaker, former secretary of the 
Pacific Surety Company, is making an 
examination of the financial condition of 
the Pacific Coast Casualty Co. at the time 
of its merger with the Casualty Company 
of America. He has been engaged to do 
the work by a committee appointed by 
the minority stockholders of the former 
company. Mr. Linaker is an expert ex- 
aminer. He was at one time connected 
with the California insurance department 
in the capacity of actuary. 

There'8 one — and only one — water-level 

route from Chicago to New York. 
There'sone — and only one — railroad station on 

the Loop in Chicago— La Salle St. Station. 
There's one — and only one — railroad station 

on the Subway in New York — Grand 

Central Terminal. 

There's one — and only one — 

20th Century Limited 

Lv. La Salle Street Station, Chicago 12:40 noon 
Ar. Grand Central Terminil, New York 9:40 a. m. 

NewYork&ntral Railroad 

Tha Watir L*vt Roul*"— Yon Can Slmap 

Ten Other Fast Daily Trains 

including the 

LAKESHOREIJMITED-It. CMcai© 5:30pm. Ar. New Y«k 5:25pra. 
LAKE SHORE No, 6— Lt. Chicago 10:25 «m. Ar. New York 9:20 am. 

Apply to your local asent for tickets and sleeping car 

reservation*, or forcomplete information call on or address our 

SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE, 689 Market Street 

Carlton C. Crana, Genera.) Agent Ptumjir Dcpt. 

Back Eul U* !■-. «•»• 
awr taarul Ikkrti U Nn 

tort tidtUOH. on sale 
' " -..2. 

27.28. Au* 1, 2. 

3. 8,9.10.24, 25.28.29. 
Scpi 7. B, 12, IJ. offer 
sp« inducements 
to visit the East. 




\ For the Public Service 

A law to be introduced into the next 
British Columbia legislature provides 
that foreign insurers may not maintain 
an office in the province or advertise its 
business in any way. 

F. J. O'Neal, a prominent attorney of 
New York, recently appointed general 
counsel for the Royal Indemnity Co., is 
expected to visit the headquarters of the 
Coast agency some time this month. 


— By the Glad Sea Waves 

Casa del Rey 

and Cottage City 
New Management — Popular Prices — Grill and Cafeteria 

Grand Casino 

Board Walk 

Surf Bathing 

Indoor Swimming Tank 

Golf and Tennis 
Sea and River Fishing 
Mountain and Cuff Drives 
Big Trees 

Reduced Round Trip Fares From San Francisco 

$2.50 S-SSo. 

eo Bfttnrda 

*" In Moll. 


*0 7C Frl. nn.l Sin. 
*»•' J l.lmii L5day8 

*1 OP. Daily 

**•*«> Limit 8 months 


60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 



July lived up to tradition this year, affording us an opportu- 
nity to wear our sheerest lingerie frocks and our smartest sports 
costumes during the holidays. The nearby resorts were 
crowded on the Fourth, which chanced to be an ideal day, with 
well dressed men and women. A 
tiny flag, or a bit of red, white 
and blue, was a detail of most 
costumes ; the men wore it on coat 
lapel, in hat band, or protruding 
from a pocket; the women pinned 
it daintily to the underbodice of 
the sheer blouse or frock, from 
where its colors shone out softly 
and effectively ; or tucked a small 
silk flag into the girdle of the 
white frock, or into the pocket of 
the sports coat. Our patriotism 
was just a little more pronounced 
than usual this year, owing, no 
doubt, to the rumors of war which 
have been coming to us lately, 
and the military preparations go- 
ing on about us. 

Summer Costumes Combine 
Comfort and Charm 

There were not many among 
the holiday crowds, however, 
who looked uncomfortably 
"dressed-up ;" Fashion has at last 
managed to combine comfort 
with grace and charm. The sports 
costume predominated; various 
styles of middy and Russian 
blouses were worn with trim fit- 
ting skirts; chic suits of striped/W/day Blouse and Serge Skirt 
and plain mohair, pongee or linen 
with Norfolk coats and pleated 
skirts, were favored; and sweater 
coats, with self or contrasting 
skirts, were also popular. The 
middy blouse costumes were de- 
veloped in the regulation white 
linen, duck or galatea, with collar 
and cuffs of blue and skirts of the 
new striped cotton novelties, mo- 
hair, or plain white linen. The 
modified Russian and "slip-on" 
blouses favored the white and 
colored Japanese silks, pongee, 
plain or figured. Shantung, or 
Georgette, and were usually com- 
bined with skirts of thin, light or 
dark silks. One especially pretty 
costume developed in plain natu- 
ral colored pongee, trimmed and 
combined with a skirt of dark 
blue foulard dotted with bright 
green, is illustrated here. It is a 
slip-on model with cool, becom- 
ing sleeves, and an effective col- 
lar. The skirt is a simple gath- 
ered design, short and full, out 
unusually graceful. 

The plain white Russian blouse 
costume of Georgette crepe is 
particularly effective and cool for 
these hot summer days, and per- 
fectly appropriate for summer 
evening wear at roof garden, or 
summer show. The c "nple voiles, 
too, are being developed in Slip-On Blouse and Foulard 
charming models with a touch of Skirt 

black, or a bright color at girdle or throat. The new voiles are 
washable in most mixtures, and generally satisfactory. 

Cool Frocks for Street Wear. 

Dark blue in taffeta, Georgette, serge and satin is the leading 
color for city street wear, in spite of its apparent warmth. As 
most of these frocks, however, are made with white or self-col- 
ored transparent sleeves, they are in reality quite as cool as a 
light colored frock. Dark blue Georgette is often used for the 
entire dress, collared and cuffed with taffeta, and trimmed with 
a band or two of the taffeta en the skirt. The straight lined, 
one piece serges which one meets so often on the avenue these 
days — for there are many smart costumes to be seen on the ave- 
nue, owing to the lure of the shops, for those who fly town at the 
first hint of summer are tempted by the shops, and motor in 
frequently to visit them — are often trimmed effectively with 
braid or beads, in designs worked out in colors. For instance, 
a dark blue serge and Georgette frock seen a day or so ago, 
had an odd, applique design in blue velvet trimming the jumper, 
which was of the serge; the design, which was a small leaf, was 
repeated on the collar and cuffs. Sashes, which are a feature of 
both linen and serge frocks this summer, offer a pleasing op- 
portunity for introducing a bit of colored embroidery. The sash 
on the serge frock is generally of black satin, and the embroid- 
ery is worked out in colored wools, soutache braid, or beads. 
These motifs may be as bizarre as desired, and are often re- 
peated in the trimming of the hat. 

Variety in Tailored Hats. 

It is no longer the price of the hat which counts, for there are 
some very inexpensive hats being worn just now by the best 
dressed women, but the chic of its coloring and trimming which 
is important. For instance, the soft, light weight Bankok, the 
Wen-Chow and the chair-cane hats are all favored, finished with 
just a touch of colored wool, beads, or a bright bit of applique 
embroidery which harmonizes with suit or frock. One of the 
smartest hats seen this season was a dark tan Wen-Chow with 
one of the new quartered crowns in dark purple satin, trimmed 
with a motif in delft blue and white Chinese embroidery. A 
purple satin hand-bag with another blue and white motif com- 
pleted the effect, which was charming. This hat and bag were 
worn with a dainty little corded frock of tan crepe de Chine, 
made with a petticoat of cream batiste embroidery which 
showed just a bit below the silken skirt. 


Liquid delectable, I love thy brown 
Deep-glimmering color like a wood-nymph's tress; 
Potent and swift to urge on Love's excess, 
Thou wert most loved in the fair Aztec town. 

Where Cortes, battling for Iberia's crown, 
First found thee, and with rough and soldier guess, 
Pronounced thy virtues of rare worthiness 
And fit by Madrid's dames to gain renown. 

When tasting of thy sweets, fond memories 
Of bygone days in Versailles will arise; 
Before the King, reclining at his ease 
I see Dubarry in rich toilet stand, 
A gleam of passion in her lustrous eyes, 
A Sevres cup in her jeweled hand ! 

— From Flasks and Flagons, by Edgar Saltus. 

There are many garages in town, and the motorist is often 

in a quandary as to where to go, especially for permanent ser- 
vice. There are very few who give you the quality of service 
of Dow & Green, in Taylor street, between O'Farrell and Geary. 
Here your car will receive something more than the "once 
over," and the prices are moderate. 

"I understand they want to turn distilleries into munition 

factories." "It might help, if they do. But it's the old story of 
ihe ultimate consumer getting the worst of it."— Washington 


San Francisco News Lettc 

60th Anniversary Number, 1916. 

The Southern Pacific Company and Its Place in the West 

| HE Southern Pacific Company is the largest in- 
dustry on the Pacific Coast. Its tracks stretch 
out for almost 11,000 miles, and 52,500 em- 
ployes are dependent upon its Pacific System 
payroll for their livelihood. So extensive is 
its service to the communities through which 
it passes that their welfare and its own are 
inseparably bound together. 
The Southern Pacific was the first transcontinental line to be 
built from the West to the East. The point of view of its man- 
agement is still thoroughly Western. President William Sproule, 
himself a Westerner, makes his headquarters in San Francisco. 
Here, on the ground, he can be most responsive to the needs of 
traveler and shipper, conserving both their interests and those 
of the stockholders. 

The part which the railroad plays in the prosperity of the 
coast is seen in many ways. On the Pacific System its taxes 

William Sproule 

amount tc $9,000 a day, or about $5,000,000 a year. Its yearly 
expenditures for material and supplies run up to $11,513,000, 
and its annual payment is no less than $42,336,000. 

There are 33,000 stockholders, enough in themselves to people 
a town. Among them, interestingly enough, are about 12,000 

One of the prominent distinctions of the company is its record 
for "Safety First," for which it was awarded the Harriman Me- 
morial medal for Safety and Sanitation in competition with all 
the railroads of the country. 

During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1915, no passenger lost 
his life in a train accident; and, with but one exception, none 
has been killed in a train accident for six years and eleven 
months, during which period 282,719,000 passengers were car- 
ried on an average of 42.61 miles, or 12,045,556,000 passengers 
were carried one mile, and this record has continued into the 
new year just closing. 

The present big Southern Pacific began when the not- 
able "Big Four," Stanford, Huntington, Crocker and Hopkins, 
broke ground, January 8, 1863, for the first rails of the Central 
Pacific Company at the then foot of K street, Sacramento. Big 
as their conception was at that time to furnish the last link 

of rail transportation across the continent and thereby unite the 
Pacific with the Atlantic seaboard, they little dreamed that the 
rails they were laying were the foundation of a series of rail- 
roads that in fifty years would gridiron the Western States with 
the tremendous mileage and great system of transportation. 

The railroad problem? of the West differ in a large degree 
from those of the East, and for a long period it was a hard pull 
against small scattered communities, dry years of production, 
and high charges for equipment. To-day the Southern Pacific 
Company, with its subsidiaries that practically cover the West- 
ern States of America and Northern Mexico, carries the burden 
of the railroad transportation of the most populous and produc- 
tive territory in the West. Some of these lines are met by big 
ocean vessels of the company at terminals on the Gulf of Mex- 
ico, and act as bridges in carrying freight to Atlantic seaports, a 
touting which practically gives the Southern Pacific Company 
transcontinental delivery. 

The thinking people of the United States agree that this 
country should have good railroads, well equipped with suffi- 
cient facilities to handle the total business of the 100,000,000 
population with safety and dispatch. Nearly all agree that the 
companies should increase their capacity to furnish transporta- 
tion as fast as population increases. Railroads are now sub- 
stantial institutions of this country, its backbone of transporta- 
tion, an absolute necessity of the country, and the general pub- 
lic regards them very much as it does the sun and moon, a thing 
ready for use day and night, and always at hand when needed, 
promptly ready to haul anybody or anything. Any direct inter- 
ference in this routine of hauling the steady stream of passen- 
gers and the tons of necessities of daily life brought to the great 
cities of the country would be a catastrophe to the nation. 
Statesmen, legislators, merchants and the rest of the thinking 
community know this, and that is why the railroad situation just 
now is attracting so much attention. 

The railroads are striving their hardest to maintain the haul- 
ing of the necessities of daily life to the people of this country 
in the face of the fact that the 100,000,000 is rapidly increasing 
and the census people declare population is on the first lap to 
reach the 150,000,000 mark. This situation is handicapping the 
railroads to some extent. The growing increase in population 
must be served as promptly and adequately as was done in the 
case of the 100,000,000 population. The while, the railroads are 
lacing adverse legislation, and labor's insistent demands tor 
higher wages. Under such circumstances, how can the ordinary 
man expect railroad facilities to increase? 

In the face of these threats, statistics show that the railroad 
mileage of the country is shrinking. If this aggressive spirit 
continues to prevail any length of time, will the railroads of 
this country be able to maintain its record of being able to trans- 
port the necessities and requirements of the growing population 
that is reaching to the 150,000,000 mark. Less mileage was 
built in 1915 than in any year since 1864, the year following the 
birth of the initial construction of the Central Pacific Railroad. 
Another sign of the times is that the total mileage of 41,985 fell 
into the receiver's hands during 1915; therein was a total capi- 
talization of $2,264,000,000. 

The main reason why the business of democracies usually is 
badly managed is that those who have ultimate control of the 
government, the great majority of the people, themselves are 
ignorant or apathetic, or both, regarding public affairs. Since 
they are ignorant, or apathetic, or both, regarding other public 
affairs, how can it rationally be assumed that they will not be 
so regarding the management of government railways? And if 
they are ignorant, or apathetic, or both, regarding government 
management, then the government railways are sure to be badly 

The safe and rapid transportation of the National Guard from 
California to the military camps on the Mexican border illus- 
trates the reliability and readiness in Preparedness of the rail- 
roads of the country in case of sudden war. The newspapers, 
East and West, have taken pains to comment favorably on the 
arm of transportation in readiness to aid promptly in assisting 
both the regulars and the National Guard in quick mobilization. 
The demonstration marked a great advance on the movements 
of that character in the Spanish-American war. 

■aUHUM July M. I 

Oevoted to the Leading Interests of California and the Pacific Coast. 

Vol. XCH 

San Francisco, Cal., Saturday, July 29, 1916 

No. 5 

TISER Es printed and published every Saturday by the Proprietor, Fred- 
erick Marriott, 21 Sutter street. San Francisco, Cal. Tel. Kearny 3594 
Kntered at San Francisco. Cal.. Post-office as second-class mail matter. 

London Office— George Street & Co.. 30 Cornhill. E. C England. 

Matter intended for publication in the current number of the SAN 
l-e sent to the office not later than 5 p. m. Wednesday. 

Subscription Rates {including postage) — 1 year, $4.00; 6 months, $2.?r>. 
Foreign — 1 year. $6.00; 6 months, $3.25. 

The season for shooting deer- 
opens Tuesday. 

-and hunters of deer — 

Looping the loop in an aeroplane over Market street is 

an evidence of more nerve than brains. 

Governor Johnson does not believe in political parties — 

except when he can use one to serve his political ends. 

Most of the people who say they saw suitcases along 

Market street last Saturday really imagine that they did. 

Last Saturday's tragedy shows the need of preparedness 

not only against an outside foe, but against those within our 

Oakland politicians are vociferously accusing each other 

of being crooks. And the public is thoroughly satisfied to be- 
lieve them. 

The Mexicans must look on us as a tame lot of people — 

a presidential election on, and neither candidate trying to as- 
sassinate the other. 

The prohibitionist platform has planks in it, as all well- 
regulated political platforms do — but it is safe to say that they 
didn't put a stick in it. 

Burglar robbed a policeman's locker at the Central Police 

Station the other night. A man with such a sense of humor as 
that should not be punished. 

Of course, President Wilson is directly responsible for 

the British blacklist on American firms — according to the ene- 
mies of the administration. 

The municipal car men who led in the recent attempt 

to hold up traffic, have discovered that it is indiscreet, while 
working for the city, to work also for labor agitators. 

The Republicans of California are fighting beautifully 

among themselves. May their jaws gain in strength, is the 
hope of the peaceable and harmonious Democrats. 

City printing has again been held up because the super- 
visors retuse to give the contracts to the lowest bidders, non- 
union firms. The law gives the supervisors no choice in the 
matter — but they break the law to hold the union vote. 

The political tangle in California makes the old-time 

politician sigh for the days when there was at least a pretense 
of letting the people have something to say about things. 

California has nearly 200,000 automobiles. And at six 

o'clock of an evening it seems as though they are all tearing 
up and down Market street with five cent fare signs on them. 

The prohibitionists had a fearful row over procedure at 

their convention last week, making as much noise as though 
they were going through proceedings that really mattered. 

The government is to make the anti-narcotic law stronger. 

Which will merely have the effect of increasing the cunning of 
the violators of the law, and giving jobs to a lot more sleuths. 

Berkeley man accused by a girl of fifteen has been given 

six years in prison. Slaughter, serving fifteen years for a simi- 
lar offense, will contend that the wheels of justice sometimes 

Before they finished their hot trudge up Market street 

last Saturday, a lot of the preparedness marchers wished they 
had taken just one more stein of preparedness before they 

German military experts last week declared that the 

British and French assault of the West front had been a failure. 
So, we presume, the assault on Verdun has been a complete 

Oakland woman sues for divorce because her husband 

poured coffee down her neck. The complaint is deficient in 
that it does not say whether he poured it down the inside or 
the outside. 

A society reporter speaks of Mr. and Mrs. William Dick 

having a "de luxe taste of roughing it" in the Yosemite. The 
glaring defect in the statement is that the reporter doesn't tell 
what it means. 

-Germany says she is willing to quit Belgium on the pay- 

ment of forty billion marks indemnity. To the mind untrained 
in diplomacy and international customs, the indemnity seems 
always to be on the wrong foot. 

Word comes from the East that Johnson is not favored 

for United States Senator by the Republican leaders. But a 
worse blow will come when it is discovered that he is not fav- 
ored by the voters of California. 

The despatches state that living in Ireland has increased 

forty-one per cent since the war started — that sugar is nine 
cents a pound, milk seven cents a quart, and butter thirty-two 
cents a pound. Those figures, compared with our own, tempt 
one to emigrate to the old sod. 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

fc TOWN 

Tom Anderson, a natural born jokesmith, took it into his 

head, this week, to play a practical joke of his own ingenious 
make on the local Emergency Hospital. To make it profitable 
and historical in the records of asinine practice, he made a bet 
with a friend that "he could put over a case of delirium tremens 
and never bat an eyelash." The next day he tumbled into the 
Emergency Hospital, and was promptly booked for alcoholism. 
Then the doctors in charge began to dose him, dose him, dose 
him, in solitary confinement, so that he would not disturb the 
other inmates. The cure became so drastic that Anderson was 
compelled to confess his pretense. The doctors declared his 
explanation was indicative of a bad turn in his malady, and 
dosed him, dosed him, dosed him more, and more and more. 
When he met the man who took his bet he tried to beat him to 
a pulp, and now he is behind the bars again, and being dosed, 
and dosed and dosed. 

-God bless the fat men, for there is much to love in their 

expansive rotundity. Anyway, this week, they won for all men, 
thin, fat and middling, the right to enjoy standard sleeper berths 
on the run between Los Angeles and San Diego. On this new 
and glorious deal the rest of us humans now get sixty-five feet 
instead of the hitherto forty feet. Now a man of undue avoir- 
dupois and hot temper can let out a few kinks in his belt and 
gurgle pet phrases while he slops soap-suds over his phiz and 
mows the stubble on his chin. Under the old system only two 
fat men and three lean ones could possibly wedge themselves in- 
to the lavatory space. Under the new arrangements five fat 
men, three thin men, four babies and a handbag may now be 
squeezed in the new standard sleeper. Under the new provis- 
ions, the hand bag gets the worst of it, not the fat man. 

Help! The astounding news has just leaked out in 

Washington that a Senate committee in session has decided to 
restore to the U. S. Treasury $38,000,000, part of the $300,000,- 
000 provided for national defense and other expenses for the 
supposed campaign in Mexico. In Heaven's name, who has 
shanghaied the Generalissimo of the phalanx guarding the pork 
barrel? Afternoon's Despatch— The $38,000,000 reduction in 
the military bill was not made without vehement and insistent 
protest. Evening Special — It was finally determined to spend 
the $38,000,000 in the purchase of arms and ammunition "that 
might eventually be used by the militia troops along the bor- 

Running for office in this State is becoming more popu- 
lar than running labor unions. Already 849 petitions to get into 
the running for the November elections have been filed with 
the Secretary of State at Sacramento, and the returns are not all 
in by a long shot, as the most of them come from Southern 
California. The more applicants in the running the more joy 
for the ordinary voter in spending a half hour in going over the 
list in a stuffy voting booth and playing the game of voting the 
name of a man he has never heard of for office. Most voters 
can play banned horse races and get better returns on their 
selections than they can in picking the proper candidate for 
office. All of which goes to show that the average man is a 
better judge of horses, coyotes and Calaveras jumping frogs 
than he is of his own fellows — in politics. 

The recorded number of men, women and incompetents 

who kicked at, sat on, or played with the reckless bomb-filled 
suitcase that hugged the wall of a Steuart street saloon during 
the opening of the Preparedness parade, already numbers sev- 
eral hundred, and all the returns are not in. Most of them in- 
sist that they felt an irresistible impulse to chuck it into the 
gutter, but for "some" Providential reason they refrained. What 
illuminated liars some egotists become in their extravagant ef- 
forts to get their names into public print. Death itself cannot 
pry a rabid notoriety fiend from his or her determination along 
that line. 


A ghostly house upon a hill stands desolate and lone, 
The crumbling roof and blackened walls with moss are over- 
Behind the cobwebbed window-panes no friendly taper shines, 
The rusty door and mold'ring sill are clogged by tangled vines; 
The straggling rose-trees, black with mold, in weed-walled 

prisons cower, 
Forgetful that they ever bore a perfume-laden flower; 
A break beneath the ragged hedge shows grasses trodden thin, 
Where velvet-footed things of night steal softly out and in. 
No motion here, unless it be in yonder rustling leaf, 
Disturbed, perhaps, where walks the ghost of some undying 

grief ; 
No sound is here, unless it be a distant voice is heard 
That echoes through the cloistered dusk some well-remembered 

The only fleeting glimpse of life about the cheerless place, 
Is yonder where a dull-hued bird floats solemnly through space, 
As rapt and slow-winged as the thoughts which drift from room 

to room 
Within the house, untenanted, the heart's dread house of gloom. 
A place of sighs, a place of dust, a place of broken dreams, 
A place that every soul of earth can recognize, it seems; 
For each has planned, and each has built, and each has watched 

Some structural part within his life he hoped might stand alway. 
A theme that any hand might pen and make the regnant song — 
For each has risked, and each has dared, and each has done 

some wrong. 
A picture any brush might paint, well known to you and me — 
For part we've lived, and part we've hoped, and part we 

dreamed might be. 

— Mabel Porter Pitts. 

' ' miiiniMHHHii 

The Athletic Girl 

who wonld look cool, fresh and attractive aftei 
;i bard game should use the genuine 


(The Original. Centurv-old) 

Add o«l to the 
afterward, it i* 

! I 

h i ited skin 
and gratefully 

r o l" r> > li i ti x . 

Then a few 

d r o p a - 


i he v. ■ 
an Btmoc 

O f B II l» <1 u <■ d 

■ . ■ 
■ ■ 
smell bi i 


Utd i>i-(Jth " acut »u r 

r.ArOI \N & K1SMP 
136 Water St., New York 

Los Angeles 






San Jose 


San Francisco 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


^^ i / '.?.it*" 


-BradU'y in tht; CliicaRo Daily AVjr.s. 

The city administration and the offi- 
The City's Reply cials of the Chamber of Commerce 

To Anarchists. are acting in the proper determined 

spirit to bring to the bar of justice 
the man or men who, in their deep lust for fanciful revenge, 
wickedly slaughtered or maimed 55 bystanders viewing the Pre- 
paredness parade. Unfortunately, the hunt is likely to be diffi- 
cult, as the local police admit that they have not accumulated 
any records or information regarding the anarchists and direct 
action men infesting California. Justice meanwhile will be 
obliged to peg its hope on the large rewards offered, a bait that 
may tempt some one connected with the group to betray the 

As usual, some of the daily papers are using this painful 
catastrophe as a peg on which to swing some of their own pes- 
tiferous political and other selfish interests. The atrocious act 
represents a gun fired calculatingly by one or more anarchists, 
direct action men; one of their defiant blows against prevailing 
governments. Anarchism of this kind is one of our inheritances 
from Europe. It means that the silent war is gradually girdling 
the globe. The Preparedness parade of Saturday was adver- 
tised throughout the country, and furnished a conspicuous op- 
portunity for the dynamiters to shake the continent with one 
small infernal machine, the report of which did not extend six 
squares. The casualty list of the dead and wounded sounded to 
governments that anarchy continues to protest, that soldiers 
must not be organized to awe them. There can be no compromise 
in a contest of this character. The counter local attacks of 
Mayor Rolph and President Koster of the Chamber of Com- 
merce are born of the spirit that wins. 

The leaders of both the national 
Presidential Election Tirs parties have grabbed pencil and 

pads, and are trying to figure out 
just what States they can rely on to remain in their respective 
columns after the vote is cast in the general election next 
November. Through this elimination, they design to get a 
prospective lead on the uncertain States, the prospective battle 
ground of the campaign, the Verdun of the situation. Naturally, 
the managers of the two parties will pay little attention to their 
"safe" States, and will concentrate all their energies, spell- 
binders and literature on the uncertain States. In that territory, 
the battle will be lost or won. The Moses of both parties are 
fairly agreed that the result of the November election will hang 
on the electoral vote of four States: New Jersey, Connecticut, 
Indiana and New York. On the face of the situation, from a 
politician's standpoint, it would look reasonably certain that 

Hughes would capture his own State, New York, and Wilson, 
for the same reason, would win out in New Jersey. Both are 
weather vane States, and habitually turn somersaults. Indiana 
will, of course, prove a Mexican battle ground for both the vice- 
presidential candidates, Marshall and Fairbanks, as both hail 
from that strip of vice-presidential timber. The record of presi- 
dential elections in that State is almost 50-50. In Congress just 
now, Indiana's representation is very heavily Democratic. Of 
late, Connecticut has been rather steadfast to the Republican 
column. The Democrats believe they can capture it this year. 
This is the situation from the politician's viewpoint to-day. 
Congress adjourns August 20th, and with the two madly geared 
political machines turned loose in the country for two months, 
no ordinary voter may guess what will develop. 

Grateful Chance 
Given Belgium. 

Germany has announced through 
posters pasted on the barracks in 
Ghent that negotiations have been 
opened between the United States 
and Germany for the evacuation of Belgium. Germany is pre- 
pared to withdraw from the desolated territory known as Bel- 
gium on the payment of an indemnity of 40,000,000,000 marks, 
more than $8,000,000,000. 

This is a rarely generous condescension on the part of Ger- 
many, considering that she might retain that territory and hold 
it as a threatened outpost against Great Britain. Napoleon re- 
garded Antwerp, its principal city, as the greatest threat at 
Britain's safety. Not long ago the Berlin council announced 
that neither the captured territory of France and of Belgium 
would be restored under any consideration, as Germany needed 
their iron, coal and other mineral lands to support her own in- 
dustries. In fact, these captured mineral lands have furnished 
her war materials without which she would have been in ex- 
tremity long ago. Eight billion dollars is a tremendous sum 
under the circumstances for prostrate Belgium to pay, but as 
Germany seems to think she is entitled to that sum for her self- 
lestraint in not annexing that territory, she ought to be com- 
mended for her altruistic attitude, at least. Coincidentally, 
Great Britain is issuing a vote of credit of $2,250,000,000, the 
largest sum she has asked for military purposes, in order to re- 
take Belgium from the Germans, if possible. This is extremely 
indelicate on the part of Great Britain, in the face of Germany's 
generous offer. As the situation stands, perhaps the best way 
to determine the matter will be at a peace counsel in a year or 
so hence. Time is hardly a factor in the lavish way in which all 
.he enthusiastic belligerents are scattering their money broad- 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Prohibition a Trade 

Arthur H. Dutton. 

The activities of the prohibitionist constitute merely a new 
trade or profession, added to blacksmithing, woodchopping, 
medicine, the law, stevedoring, the pulpit, agriculture, mining 
dry goods and all the other fields of human endeavor that yield 
a revenue to those who till them. 

The trade of the prohibitionist is to effect prohibition of some 
human comfort, amusement or pleasure. Anything will do. Just 
now the prohibition of alcoholic beverages is uppermost, but 
starts have been made in other directions, such as tobacco, 
dancing, theatres, games and so on. Pretty much the same set 
of people are after all these. 

Following the prohibition idea, there is no human activity 
that should not be prohibited. 

Consider the enormous amount of suffering, actual pain, 
poverty, crime and wrong done by calumny and falsehood; by 
slanderous statements and misrepresentation. Why not pro- 
hibit speech and doom everybody to perpetual silence ? 

Gluttony has ruined innumerable constitutions, caused in- 
numerable diseases and brought about innumerable untimely 
deaths. Drunkenness is only one form of gluttony. Why not 
attempt to end all other forms by abolishing food, or at least 
by making it so unappetizing that none will eat except the rav- 
enously hungry, and then only enough to support life ? 

Think of the millions who wear out their health and lives by 
long, dreary hours of laborious toil, unable to give their child- 
ren proper care and bringing sickly offspring into the world. 
Think of the thousands in hospitals, suffering from nervous 
prostration and other physical breakdown, the result of exces- 
sive labor. Why not prohibit people from working hard, or at 

Think of the thousands of people who impoverish themselves 
by buying automobiles they cannot afford, use them for sinful 
joy rides and neglect their families because of them. Think of 
the thousands injured and killed annually in automobile acci- 
dents. We should prevent all this by forbidding the manufac- 
ture and sale of automobiles. 

Try to imagine the amount of fraud, lying, misrepresentation 
and downright theft done in commercial transactions. We 
should remedy this by prohibiting all trade. 

Consider the sin and shame that have been produced by im- 
moral literature and art. Why not prohibit the printing press, 
the camera and the brush and palette. 

Finally, and the most conspicuous, consider the jealousy, the 
hatred, the sorrow, the remorse, the suicides, the murders, the 
disease, the dire poverty — all directly attributable to the sexual 
instinct, and to nothing else. Why not sterilize the whole human 
race, and be done with it? 

The theory that because a few people abuse a privilege, or a 
pleasure, or a practice, it should therefore be prohibited, is the 
most utterly ridiculous one ever suggested by any sane being. 

Such a theory would never have been advanced, and surely 
never advocated, if its proponents did not see in it a means of 
making easy money. 

Prohibition is a trade, ihat is all, and thousands of unthinking 
people are hoodwinked by it. 


Every few days a scene is enacted at the junction of Market, 
Powell and Eddy streets, which, I think, calls for police inter- 
ference — which it does not get. At intervals of about a week, 
a man with considerable historionic prowess appears at this 
busy corner, near the noon hour, when it is most crowded, and 
gives an excellent imitation of a person in a state of beastly in- 
toxication, to the great disgust of passers-by. It is not always 
the same man. Once the offender was a very old man, accom- 
panied by a seemingly distressed old woman, who appeared to 
be trying to get him home. 

As the police do not stop the performance by arresting the 
supposed drunk and sending him to jail for vagrancy or dis- 
turbing the peace, the suspicion is aroused that they are on to 
the game, or have been instructed by some one to leave the 
pantomimist alone. 

Is this carefully staged spectacle a device of the prohibi- 
tionists to get votes for next November? 


Members of the Bohemian Club from all quarters of the world 
are foregathering at their beautiful redwood grove on the Rus- 
sian River to celebrate the two weeks' annual encampment be- 
ginning to-day. The star feature will, of course, be the annual 
play. Jack London wrote one, but it refused to harmonize with 
his reading clientele. Fred Myrtle, formerly prominent in news- 
paper circles, and now just as prominent in corporation pub- 
licity, was handed the life line by the club, and has furnished a 
play entitled "Gold," which blends harmoniously with a score 
contributed by Dr. Humphrey Stewart. 

The play, which will be given Saturday, August 12th, deals 
with the early discovery of gold in California, and symbolizes 
gold as a substance planted in the ground to fulfill a settled pur- 
pose in aiding mankind to upbuild civilization. 

This theme gives the author an ideally picturesque and natu- 
ral setting, and furnishes him with rarely attractive characters 
in Spanish conquistatores, natives, the early gold hunters of 
California, and the spectres and eerie fiends that hover in their 
migratory train. 

Naturally, the club has selected its best players for the cast, 
and the Bohemian Club players usually have one foot on the 
professional stage. Numbers of them are in the highest ranks 
of the profession, and regard it as a special honor to come out 
here from New York to take part in the annual play. The cast 
this year includes Richard Hotaling, Dr. J. Wilson Shields, 
Charles K. Field, Judge Henry Melvin, Charles Bulloti, E. 
Courtney Ford, and Ray Benjamin. William H. Smith, Jr., is 
directing the stage end, and Maynard Dixon, the artist, is de- 
signing the costumes. Among the distinguished visitors who 
are here specially to see the play are Sir Herbert Beerbohm 
Tree and Frederick MacMonnies, the well known Eastern sculp- 


The ordinary man who thinks that the typical American wo- 
man will ever be frightened by "a campaign of frightfulness" 
needed only the display of last Saturday's Preparedness parade 
to realize his utter folly. 

Two days before the event, the ladies in the women's division 
hadjjeen warned not to march. At the meeting of the women's 
section of the Navy League held at the Fairmont Hotel on 
Thursday, July 20th, it was reported that threats had been made 
to stone the women who marched. Similar threats were received 
the next day at parade headquarters at 742 Market street. Not 
a woman wavered. The threats made them all the more deter- 
mined to proceed. 

While the women's division was forming at Post and Mont- 
gomery streets on Saturday, Mrs. William Hinckley Taylor, its 
marshal, was handed a note saying that she and her comrades 
would "be blown to hell" by a bomb. She treated the note with 

Before the women started on their way, the news of the bomb 
outrage on Steuart street had reached them. Instead of daunt- 
ing them, it increased their enthusiasm, and they marched on 
through the full route of the parade, heads in air and with 
steady step. There was many a Molly Pitcher in that assem- 
blage, and it is a safe bet that not one of them will ever say "I 
did not raise my boy to be a soldier." 

He — I would die for you. She (wearied)- 

are you waiting for? — New York Times. 

-Well, what 

W. i?. Fennlmore 

A. R Fennlmor* 

2508 Mission St. 

1221 Broadway, Oakland 

The Reason (or Double Vision 

many forward strides 
during tin- past twenty- 

■ i , 
ment has been *<• won- 
derful as the perfecting <•! 

tex ' tneplece" Bifocals. 

from a singlf 
piece i 

U'l:iss i>; 

'( !altex Oni 

Bifocals. Reading and 
"iTectlons are 
combined In on< 
making it unnecei 

Think of the time 
fort, of wearing 

stitutes are being 

■ ■ 
and Insist upon "Calt. x ' 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


As usual, misses', juniors' and tiny tots' frocks and outer gar- 
ments follow the same general lines of grown-up designs. The 
shop windows are gay with flowered muslins, voiles and dainty 
party frocks of flouncings and embroidered batistes, and even 
nets and taffetas, for Fashion now decrees that taffeta and the 
flowered summer silks are not too grown-up for small people. 
One especially pretty little 
frock of taffeta and net 
shown in a shop devoted 
almost entirely to child- 
ren's things, is trimmed 
with daisies, a band of 
them forming the girdle, a 
cluster here and there on 
the skirt, and one on either 
shoulder. Another Frenchy 
little party frock of taffeta 
and crepe is made sleeve- 
less, with a smartly flaring 
ruffled skirt; this design, 
however, will hardly appeal 
to American mothers, al- 
though it is charming as a 
picture. An effective sim- 
ple dress for summer is of 
plain white voile, trimmed 
with bands of old-time 
fagoting arranged to form 
a round yoke and banding 
the cuffs. 

Children's and Junior's 
Millinery Most Charming 

For the very small per- 
son there are charming lit- 
tle fitted caps of lace and 
net, and fetching little close 
fitting bonnets of pale pink 
and blue Georgette trimmed 
with a cluster of tiny flow- 
ers or a rosette of ribbon. 
For the older girls the wide 
brimmed Bankok and Wen- 
Chows are appropriate, 
trimmed with a touch of 
bright color in wool or rib- 
bon, or a simple band of 
velvet or elastic silk band- 
ing the crown. These sports 
bands with the stripes run- 
ning around or up and 
down, are very becoming 
to the young girl and har- 
monize well with a plain 
wash frock or a dark serge 
or linen suit. 

A New Collar as a Feature. 

Pongee Popular for Girls. 

Natural colored pongee, 
trimmed with contrasting 
colors, blues, greens and 
similar shades, is well liked 
for the shoe-top suits now 
so popular with girls of 
from ten to sixteen. The 
b'ouses worn with these 
suits are usually fashioned 
of the sheer cottons, voiles, 
marquisettes and nets, or 
the tub silks and satins, 
crepe de Chine, China silk 
and pongee. The light col- 
lawns, dimities and 
linens are also popular for 

girls, being fashioned into simple frocks, middy dresses and like 
models. The wide stripes, so popular for grown-up sport skirts 
and suits, are also popular with the younger generation being 
fashioned into Norfolk suits, modified Russian and middy 
frocks and similar loose-lined models, becoming to the growing 
girl. The sports styles are popular, too, smart little coats of 
silk and wool jersey in the popular bright tones being worn over 
tub dresses of linen, duck, pique, and the softer cottons, voiles, 
crepes and the like. 

In the shoe-top suits, also, the Poiret twills, novelty wool 
mixtures, shepherd checks, gabardines and serges are equally 
as popular as the pongees and Shantungs. 

For party and summer afternoons there are simple net frocks 
for juniors and misses, trimmed very effectively with lace and 
the simplest of ribbon trimmings, tucks, smocking and ruches, 
narrow ruffles and shirrings. 

The very tiny tot in her first short frock, wears lawn, batiste, 
dotted Swiss, crepe and fine linen. Most of these little dresses 
are fashioned into straight hanging, box-pleated dresses — as 
the merest toddlers are wearing these models nowadays. 

Smocking and tucks are effective trimming and hand em- 
broidery plays an important part. White is most favored for 
the very small maid, although the pale pinks, blues and other 
soft shades are used considerably, too. 

The separate coat to wear over the fluffy dress, is fashioned 
of taffeta, the novelty checks, serge and Bedford cord. One of 
the prettiest coats of the season is developed in dark blue Bed- 
ford cord with collar and cuffs of white broadcloth, closed with 
large white bone buttons. The collar and cuffs may be made re- 
movable, thus doing away with the impractical side of the 

This photojraph proved that it was worth thousands of dollars for 
commercial purposes. Its principal object and Intent was to advertise 
Gmtner &. Mattern Co. Knitted Bathing Suits, but since its inception, other 
manufacturers have copied It. until now it is used for nationally advertis- 
ing hosiery, for calendar souvenirs, etc. The bathing suit is one of the 
natty new silk fibre models, knitted in contrasting colors. 

Misses? Jumper Dress 

years before it was offered as a 
Domestic Eye Medicine. Murine is Still 
Compounded by Our Physicians and guaranteed by them 
as a reliable relief for Eyes that Need Care. Try it in your 
Eyes, in Baby's Eyes — No Smarting — Just Eye Comfort. 

Bay Murine of > our Druggiit— accept no Substitute, 
and if interested write for Book of the Eye FREE 

Murine Eye Remedy Company, Chicago 

"\_^_ Murine Eye Remedy Company, Chicago J: 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 


Poor as Mexico now is, the country's trade with the United 
States for the first ten months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 
aggregated $119,080,000, of which $79,023,000 represents our 
imports and the remainder our exports. The encouraging as- 
pect of the figures is that they compare with a total trade of 
$88,288,000 in the previous year, and disclose a gain of nearly 
40 per cent. One may fairly argue that no such increase in our 
trade with Mexico could have taken place if the general inter- 
nal condition of the neighboring country had not improved. 
Americans just now get their impressions of Mexico from the 
thinly populated border States, where authority is weakest and 
disorder is most in evidence. But there is to-day a very large 
part of Mexico, indeed, much the greater portion of it, where 
oider prevails and the present government is gradually securing 

a firm foothold. 

* * * 

The National president of the woman suffragists and the 
National president of the "antis" have both seen Mr. Hughes 
and both report themselves highly gratified by the interview. 
Now each of them must be wondering what Mr. Hughes said 
to the other. That coming speech of acceptance gains in in- 

* * * 

"No munitions manufactured in America have yet been fired 
from French guns," is the official announcement of the French 
ministry of munitions under date of July 8th. Will that be be- 
lieved in Berlin? There is no sound reason for doubting it. 

* * * 

A. E. I. O. U., the Austrian motto, is a string of letters stand- 
ing for Latin words which mean "Austria is to rule all the 
world." Financiers and economists would have one believe, 
however, that most credence can be placed in the "I. O. U." com- 
bination at the tag end. 

* * * 

If there are 20,000 Bull Moose irreconcilables in Indiana, as 
the politicians seem to think, there will be a hurry call for the 
Colonel in that State some time in October. 

The Democrats may boast of appropriating nearly $700,000,- 
000 for preparedness at this session, but the Republicans will 
proceed to prove that the money is wholly wasted. 

I war against the folly that is War, 

The sacrifice that pity hath not stayed, 
The Great Delusion men have perished for, 

The lie that hath the souls of men betrayed : 
I war for justice and for human right, 
Against the lawless tyranny of Might. 

A monstrous cult has held the world too long : 
The worship of a Moloch that hath slain 

Remorselessly the young, the brave, the strong — 
Indifferent to the unmeasured pain, 

The accumulated horror and despair, 

That stricken Earth no longer wills to bear. 

My goal is peace — not peace at any price, 
While yet ensanguined jaws of Evil yawn 

Hungry and pitiless : Nay, peace were vice 
Until the cruel dragon-teeth be drawn, 

And the wronged victims of Oppression be 

Delivered from its hateful rule, and free! 

When comes that hour, resentment laid aside, 
Into a plowshare will I beat my sword; 

The weaker Nations' strength shall be my pride, 
Their gladness my exceeding great reward; 

And not in vain shall be the tears now shed, 

Nor vain the service of the gallant dead. 

* * * * * 

I war against the folly that is War, 

The futile sacrifice that naught hath stayed, 

The Great Delusian men have perished for, 
The lie that hath the souls of men betrayed: 

For faith I war, humanity, and trust; 

For peace on earth — a lasting peace, and just! 

— Florence Earle Coates. 


Have a quiet closet installed in your home 

It is no longer necessary for you to endure the 
annoying and embarrassing sound of a noisy 
closet flushed. 

l^^eta eliminates the sound of rushing and 
gurgling water. It cannot be heard outside 
the closed closet door. ^%^15 saves you 
and your guests annoyance and embarrassment. 
Visit our showrooms. We are manufacturers 
and have no fixtures for sale in them. 

"qpaciftc" & 


Plumbing Fixtures 


67 New Montgomery Street 

San Francisco 




July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


Here is the real thing in sharks that could easily gulp, with- 
out wincing, halt a dozen of those man eating sharks that for 
the past week or so have given vaudeville exhibitions by swal- 
lowing a boy swimmer or two, in the outskirts of New York 
harbor. As sharks go, in the seven seas, also in the lineal feet 
measurement and in gustatory acquirements, as Munchausend 
by the yellow press of the Eastern seaboard, our shark is the 
daddy of them all. We sent him East last week to be exhibited 
to Ne.v Yorkers at the Museum of Natural History, so that they 
may become acquainted with a real shark. 

This marine wonder is a restoration of the huge jaws, having 
the real fossil teeth of the largest and most formidable fish that 
ever lived, which Science has a positive record of, namely, the 
great shark of the Tertiary Age, known as Carcharodon. The 
tremendous battery of teeth, some six and seven inches long, in 
the middle of the jaw, were fojind in the phosphate deposits of 
South Carolina. This ancient leviathan is 80 to 100 feet long. 
The largest of all fishes is the great whale shark, which is 
widely distributed in 
tropical seas, and has 
been found on the shores 
of Florida and the Gulf 
of California. It reaches 
a length of 50 and 60 
feet. The next largest 
fish is the basking shark, 
of colder waters, which 
is credited with attain- 
ing a length of more than 
forty feet. Both of these 
sharks are entirely inof- 
fensive, living chiefly at 
the surface of the water, 
where they feed exclu- 
sively on small marine 
life. The great blue 
shark is, however, a fish 
of entirely different hab- 
its, being an active spe- 
cies with a man-eating 
reputation. Specimens 
of enormous size have 
been taken, and it is be- 
lieved by naturalists to 
grow as long as forty iS 

The jaws of the great 
ancient shark measure 9 i 
feet across, and when . 
widely opened, gaped 
about 6 feet. A striking 
and realistic idea of the 
size of the monster's 
jaws, as well as its swal- 
lowing capacity, can be 
imagined from the ac- 
companying photograph 
showing the figures of 
six men standing in 
the jaw of the big fish. 
In fact, an average horse or small automobile could be driven 
right into the wide gap of the mouth. Owing to its spacious in- 
terior, the great shark could have swallowed half a dozen Jonahs 
at once without the slightest inconvenience. The daily pro- 
visioning of this 80 foot, subway-like stomach, meant the de- 
struction of thousands of various food fishes of that time. Al- 
most beyond calculation are the billions upon billions of fishes 
which passed through the seven-foot gaping jaws during its life- 
time. In fact, so enormous was the rapacious appetite of these 
sharks that they practically swallowed and wiped out of exist- 
ence all the other various fishes that were abundant at that time, 
for the geologists fail to find a single contemporaneous fossil 


The public is beginning to appreciate the saying now so com- 
mon since the big war began : "The children of this generation 
must solve the problems we have made." Perhaps the spirit 
cf that saying accounts for the great interest and wide attrac- 
tion being given to Mrs. Richards' remarkable success in 
establishing a new idea in kindergartens in many prominent 
places _around_ the bay counties. These kindergartens are de- 
cided innovations, and have proved extraordinarily successful 
in every instance. The course covers a complete, up-to-the-min- 
ute Frobel equipment, primary, grammar grade work, folk dan- 
cing, play room entertainment and languages, by special ap- 

The instructors are graduates of recognized standing. 
Splendid practical illustrations of Mrs. Richards' successful 
work is represented in the three distinctive schools she has es- 
tablished in the bay counties in the past six months, the St. 
Francis Hotel Kindergarten in this city, the Mt. Diablo Open 
Air Kindergarten, and the Holel Oakland Open Air School, each 

a model of its kind. 

Here is the biggest shnr 


Devotees of ice skat- 
ing will soon be afforded 
an opportunity of enjoy- 
ing their favorite sport 
to their heart's content at 
the new rink now being 
constructed at the old 
Pavilion, corner of Sut- 
ter and Pierce streets. 
John Tait and a number 
of other representative 
San Francisco business 
men have taken a ten 
years' lease on the prem- 
ises, and will expend in 
the neighborhood of 
$100,000 in making the 
property suitable for 
their new venture. The 
building, which is 275 
feet by 144 feet in area, 
j^ has a frontage on three 
H streets, affording splen- 
I did lighting by day, and 
* any number of emer- 
gency exits. It is within 
walking distance of the 
best residential section 
of the city; every car line 
passes within a short 
distance, and ample 
parking facilities are af- 
forded for automobiles 
in the immediate neigh- 
borhood. The skating 
floor will be as large as 
any in America, more 
than full size for the 
hockey games. It is estimated that 1,500 people can be 
comfortably accommodated at one time on the floor, and there 
will be seating arrangements for several thousand spectators. 
A military band under the direction of a noted leader will be 
one of the features, and many novel effects in electric lighting 
will be shown. Exhibition? of skating by premier artists will 
be given, and it is expected that the rink will be ready for 
patrons by the first of October. 

ever found in the world 
"man eaters." 

the, daddy of all the 

Tattered Tim — I've been trampin' four years, ma'am, 

and it's all because I heard the doctors recommended walking 
as the best exercise. Mrs. Prim — Well, the doctors are right. 
Walk along. — Kansas City Star. 

Jules Restaurant, 675 Market street, south side, just be- 
low Third street, is favored by customers who appreciate a fine 
cuisine, good service and attractive surroundings. Special 
luncheons, 40 cents. Dinner a la carte, with wine, $1.00 Dan- 
cing and music. 

Portly Woman (pushing her way into a police station) — 

I see you have arrested a man whose mind is a blank. Officer — 
We have, madam. Portly Woman — Then please bring him out 
so I may have a look at him. My Henry didn't come home last 
night, and that's a fairly good description of him. — Puck. 

San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 



"Obey no wand but Pleasure's." — Tom Moore. 


Conscience Versus Nature at Columbia: Sokoloff Succeeds in Second Drive 

By Henry McDonald Spencer 

Henry Miller Produces The American Classic at Columbia 

The contest of an ingrowing conscience with the age old forces 
of nature — or what the young lady reformers term the Facts of 
Life — might be deemed a summing up of the theme of "The 
Great Divide," at the Columbia, and in respect to that the play 
takes on the dignity and solidity of a Greek tragedy, although 
far from being tragedy. 

However, it is vieux jeu to attempt to classify plays nowa- 
days, so perhaps it is sufficient to say that the play opens with 
a melodramatic situation, but soon develops into a kind of inten- 
sive, psychologic drama suffused with a poet's gift of imagina- 

It is hardly possible to imagine any country but our own fur- 
nishing a type quite like Ruth Jordan, who leaves her husband 
after a few months, and when she intimates pregnancy, because, 
forsooth, the manner in which he won her was by far from being 
orthodox, in fact was suggestive of the way in which the Roman 
low-brows led the Sabine ladies to preside over their hearth- 
stones. History, however, does not record that any of them was 
afterwards dissatisfied on account of her captor's style of woo- 
ing — more forceful than polite. 

To be sure, a lady of aristocratic lineage might hold out for 
a time against the shock to her dignity, but it really requires 
the casuistry of a New England conscience, with its constant 
self-questionings and self-torturings, to produce quite the situa- 
tion in which Ruth Jordan (Hilda Spong) and Stephen Ghent 
(Henry Miller) find themselves. It is hardly necessary to 
dwell further on this play, which has already become a classic — 
perhaps the classic — of American drama, and so to the presen- 

It was to be expected that Henry Miller would give a very 
finished and wholly adequate production of this great play; for 
he is one of the few producers who have a certain interest in 
the drama for its own sake aside from the box-office receipts. 
Of course, ultimately any class of performance must pay, or, 
like coach-dogs, it will simply cease to exist except perhaps in 
the repertoire of band-box theatres and other exotic and hot- 
house growths. 

Nor did Mr. Miller and his players disappoint the audience, 
if one may judge by the hearty applause which on Monday night 
punctuated the play and stopped the action at times. 

Miller himself fulfilled the threat made on the first night of 
his opening here, and "smeared his face" and did his best to 
entertain us. His personal performance was informed with dig- 
nity and that sense of restrained force which marks the true 
actor. Of course, it is perfectly absurd to talk about sincerity 
in connection with acting — the essence of art is its conscious 
insincerity. A child, for example, or an angry man, are sincere; 
surely neither excessive juvenility nor self-forgetful rage are 
ideal conditions for the mummer. 

I don't wish to appear over-captious, but my own sense of il- 
lusion in the character of Stephen Ghent was lessened by the 
star's appearance, which suggested a greater age than the ro- 
mantic role demanded; and at times Mr. Miller would lapse from 
the uncouth Western dialect of the character into the purest 
millerese. Every one's ear may not be sensitive to these 
nuances, but I cannot refrain from mentioning them as being 
purely personal reaction to the phenomena of the performance. 
As Ruth Jordan, Miss Hilda Spong brought all the allure of 
her almost tragic beauty and soft, low-toned voice to the aid of 
her impersonation, which seemed to me met entirely the require- 
ments of the role; although she suffered, also, to a certain extent 
by the appearance of maturity. I suppose it is the old story of 

Juliet: No woman has the ability to play the part until she is too 
old to look it. 

On the opening night of the present season I dealt charitably 
with Mr. McCrae when I attributed the indistinctness of his 
utterance to possible first night nervousness, but with his small 
role in "The Great Divide" — probably not over a dozen, or so, 
"sides" — there is no such alibi. From my seat in "T" he might as 
well have been playing in the movies, so far as my understand- 
ing of his lines went, although I heard every one else in the 
cast without difficulty. 

The mounting of the play was a sumptuous piece of realism, 
and the scene showing the grand canyon had a hand all by itself. 

But, after all, we have been given a genuine dramatic treat, 
and Mr. Miller is entitled to our warmest thanks for the oppor- 
tunity of witnessing such a play produced in a dignified and ar- 
tistic manner, and if there is anything I have written which 
might be construed in any way as derogatory, I hereby solemnly 

take it back. 

• » * 

Seventh People's Philharmonic Concert Great Success. 

That the San Francisco public has taken the People's Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra and Nikolai Sokoloff, the brilliant young 
conductor, into its capacious heart was shown beyond the cavil 
of the most carping critic in the size and enthusiasm of the 
audience at the Cort Theatre last Sunday afternoon. 

Not only the downstairs but the galleries and boxes were 
filled, and filled with people most of whom were there because 
they love music and know good music when they hear it. It 
was evident that while many fashionables attended they did not 
do so merely because it was "the thing" to do. This was shown 
in a way by the fact that about half the auditors kept their eyes 
closed so that the sense of sight might not interfere with the 
waves of ecstasy which poured into their ears. 

And the director deserves all that came to him. When you 
realize that it takes the work of years with the same players 
and with continuous rehearsals to build up and synchronize 
an orchestra, it is apparent that the Russian leader's work, in 
spite of his men getting away from him once or twice, is indeed 
a musical phenomenon. 

The "Unfinished" Symphony of Borodin, given here for the 
first time, was the occasion of the greatest ovation to the leader. 
Well he earned it, for the rendering was compact of beauty, 
and delicacy of feeling, especially in the minor passages, com- 
bined with a classic dignity and sense of restraint. It is to be 
hoped that this number will be on the programme again at no 
late day, as a second hearing would be even more felicitous. 

The pianist, Desider Josef Vecesi, came here with a great 
reputation, but which he no longer needs, as he established a 
brand new one with Liszt's Concerto in E flat. The extraordi- 
nary flexibility, range, tenderness and strength which charac- 
terized his playing made the rather unyielding piano a thing 
alive with loveliness and depth of expression. He had many 
recalls, and gave the patrons of the afternoon full measure in 
his encores. 

Personally, I am not strong for the piano — for which the piano 
should worry — but the way that lad made the big, ungainly look- 
ing instrument sit up on its hind legs, lie down, roll over and 
play dead, was a marvel of technical efficiency combined with 
the soul of music; even if at times he seemed to exceed the 
speed limit and leave his orchestra a beat or two behind. 

In the opening number, Beethoven's Overture to "Egmont," 
there was a slight tendency for the players to be out of hand on 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 

one or two occasions as noted, but at no time thereafter was 
there any lack of control. 

Personally, I think that Sokoloff's percentage of hits was most 
raised by his interpretation of "Finlandia." He lifted a noble 
and moving composition from all suggestion of being merely an 
expensive, band noise — as generally rendered — into the out- 
pouring of a patriot's agonized heart. 

* * * 

La Scala Sextette Scores at Pantages 

The most striking feature on Pantages bill this week is "La 
Scala Sextette," in excerpts from Italian opera, and it was quite 
refreshing to hear the melodious music again. Surely no greater 
volume of sound ever proceeded from six throats than this sex- 
tette produces; the whole Tivoli chorus of the old days hardly 
made a stronger finale. 

Mrs. Lilian Bianca, the coloratura soprano, has a perfectly 
true voice of great power and flexibility, and was heard to ad- 
vantage in solo. The mezzo-soprano, Mrs. Jena Jennings, could 
be heard in the ensemble work, and has remarkable purity of 
tone and vigor of expression, in addition to an extremely hand- 
some and graceful stage presence. The carriage of her body and 
the way in which she held her hands are a full course in the 
technique of a singer's posturing. 

The other young lady, Mrs. Luisa Silva, did not seem to get 
into the game so hard, but perhaps her voice had been over- 
worked and she was saving it. The male singers all were ac- 
ceptable, and the first scene was a triumph of showmanship. 

Chas. A. Mason and Co. in "Who is Who," described as a 
roaring farce, certainly justified part of the title, and made 
noise enough for two full length plays, to say nothing of a 
twenty minute skit. However, a vaudeville audience seems to 
like this kind of thing, and that is what, the performers are paid 
for : To please the public and not a captious few. 

The rest of the show was made up of the usual acrobatic and 
dancing acts, but mention must be made of Harry Breen, who, 
after singing a medley of old songs, improvised jingles on differ- 
ent members of the audience. If he had only known that the 
large, handsome man with the wrist watch and sitting in the 
second downstairs stage left box, to whom he made a reference, 
at its Tuesday matinee, was the critic of this paper, he might 
have said something more complimentary and received even a 
better notice. As it was, his performance was a novelty, and he 
delighted the audience with his quick-witted hits. 

* * * 

Notable Playlet at Orpheum 

Any time that Alexander Carr, now playing in "An April 
Shower" at the Orpheum, comes to San Francisco I am going to 
see him, because in my opinion he is the best performer of the 
pathetic Jewish type we have had here. There is no reason to 
drag in Dave Warfield as an analogy, for I think that Carr has 
it on Warfield in the artistic portrayal of this class of character. 
Anyway, I was more pleased with the Edgar Allan Woolf piece, 
as given by the Carr company, than I have been with any play- 
let in vaudeville for many a day. 

There was none of the cheap tricks of faking a sob in the 
voice which are employed too often by this class of actor, and 
at no time did you feel that the star was making an effect by 
factitious methods, such as coughing a wheezy voice or the 
means to produce it. 

The sketch itself was so far ahead of Woolf's recent presen- 
tations that it would hardly seem possible that the same brain 
had conceived it. 

If I had not been fed up so lately by Desider Vecesi, the 
young pianist of the People's Philharmonic Symphony Orches 
tra, I would, perhaps, have fallen stronger for Randegger, who 
also appears in Liszt selections at the Orpheum. I can only say 
that next to Vecesi the Italian performer is the most capable 
master of the rather recalcitrant piano than any we have had 
this season. 

Nate Leipzig is the most accomplished card trick performer 
I have ever seen, and although I was in the second row, he was 
entirely beyond me, even if his "committee" was "planted." 
This business of saying that he ought to play poker for a living 
is so entirely bromidic that it is hardly worth noticing. As a 
matter ol fact, he is doing much better where he is, for no one 
would play with him. 

The Russian dancers, headed by Theodore Kosloff. repeated 
for a third week, and there is none who bring the technical pro- 

ficiency of the dance to a higher point than this troupe. 

Altogether, the show was above the average of the Orpheum's 
high standard. (Advance Announcements Page 10.) 

Wedding Presents. — The choicest variety to select from at 
Marsh's, who is now permanently located at Post and Powell 


Club Room Luncheon for Men, 50 Cents. 

Tea and Music in the Lounge Every Afternoon. 

Dancing in the Rose Room Every Evening Except 

Turkish Baths— For Women, Eleventh Floor. 

For Men, Twelfth Floor. 
Indoor Golf on the Roof of the Annex. 
Kindergarten forthe Convenience of Women Shopping, 

and for Regular Instruction. 




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ing the finest cafe in America 


s an 

Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Advance Announcements 

Orpheum — The Orpheum hill for next week is rich in novelty, 
mi. i; and merit. A new vaudeville combination is that of Anna 
Wh< aton and Harry Carroll, both of whom have achieved remark- 
able success in their respective lines. Miss Wheaton has succeeded 
both in drama and musical comedy, and Mr. Carroll's ability as a 
composer and pinnist is generally conceded. Miss Wheaton began 
her career as a dramatic actress, and appeared in support of Maude 
Adams, Margaret Anglin and many other legitimate stats More 
recently she was associated with De Wolf Hopper and Sam Bi 
Mr. Carroll collaborated In composing "The Passing Show of 1914." 
and has written many popular songs, including "The Trail of the 
Loneson i Pines," "There's a Girl in the lb-art of Maryland." "Let's 

Go Round to Ann's." and "Off with the Old Love." Mrs. R 

Herz, who will divide the headline honors, is the wife of tin- popu- 
lar musical eomedj and vaudeville star. Her contribution win con- 
del ■' oddity by Sada Cowan entitled "i Wish i Knew." 
which Is said in be thoroughly original in its idea and i" afford 
Mrs. Herz abundant opportunity to display her ability both as an 
ctress ami dancer, and to wear several fascinating costumes II 
also gives her an opportunity to introduce a new waltz written foi 
!,,■, by Paul Irving, Lou Holtz, who styles himself "Father Joy's 

Bo ." has i" 1 - feature of several of the Wlntergarden i I i 

■.ions, and has scored heavily in musical comedy. He is als 1- 1 of 

in- wittiest, cleverest and most amusing m ilogiste In vaudeville 

Mary Melville, until recently :i member of the popular team of 
Melville and Higg ns, 1- relying solely on her own efforts for e 
and is said to be much funnier by herself. G. AJdo. Randegger, the 
.- Italian pianist, will he heard in an entirely new program; 
Jim and Betty Morgan will sing now songs of their own composi- 
tion, and Martlnetti and Sylvester, "The Hoys with the Chairs," 
will perform novel and diverting feats. It will be the last week of 
thi famous charactei actor, Alexander Carr. and bis company In 
Edgar A llai H oolf'f and Uexandi 1 1 !s n '.- human inn.- pla 1 . "An 
\ prll Shower." 

• • • 

Columbia— Henry Miller has rn id ail his pn - 

vlous efforts in the presentation of a play In tins city, with his 
production of "The Great Divide," now drawing immense aud 
to the Columbia Theatre. In fact, the play is to be co 
auothei week ance sale is immense, William 

Vaughn Mop Western America, set in a frame -work of 

colorful scenes, Is without question one of the greatest effort ol 
any <>f our playwrights, it has an International fame, as produced 
under the direction of Henry Miller, and ludging from the present 
tion of the play at the Columbia Theatre, it could to-daj I 

only duplicate II I si success in New Fork and London, but And 

theatregoers in a splendidly recipient frame of mind to enjoy it. The 
cabin, in tht first act, set in the moonlight, seems to have all the 
stillness of such an abode as would be found far out on the di bi rt 

sands. The Bee .1 act, with a spot showing the "roof of the world," 

has that about it which is the attraction that draws the tourist to 

the Grand Canyon of the Colorado. Mr. Miller has been able to make this 

illusion absolutely perfect The last act, In the New England bom, of 

Ruth lordan, is art) Hilda S g Bruce McRae, Mrs. Thos. 

Whiffen, Alice LIndahl, Walter Connolly. 11 1; Sams John Blndlay and 
others support Mr. Miller In the presentation oi "The Great Divide." Mati- 
nees Wednesday and Saturday. Ruth Chatterton is already In San Pran- 

flsCO, and under the direction of Mr. Miller is rehearsing with her support- 

1, featuring I Rae, in the new threo act comedy. "Come 

Out Of the Kitchen," which is to follow "The Great Divide" at the Colum- 

bla Theatre Harry Mestayer, Margaret St. .John and Mrs. John Craig 

■ ■ Jly brought from thi EDaal for the new play, 

* • * 
Pantages. — The Al Gok-m troupe of courl urtlstes from the royal house- 
hold of the Shah ol I 1 le lilt persl thi world fam- 
ous pantomime, "The Slave !>-'ab-is," win b stellar attraction at 

Lhi 1 'antages, commencing on Sundaj afti 11 n Golem bears official 

seals, stars .ind an assortment of varied colored gold crescents which 
bear witness to the fact that he was really master of entertainments for 

■ 1] Majesty, but whether or no, thosi who have seen the troupe in 
action claim that h« would have littli difficulty holding down the Job, 
There arc twenty-four performers with the Golem Company, and they do 
everything that has been done before In /aud rtlle and add qulti a bi1 

of i i nil novelties, Aside from tl irobatlc and dai g features of the 

production it is one "i Lhe most gi 

i ■ t. 01 the ot 1 ..1 acts, there n roai tfarston 

and John Storm, who havi 1 land little playlel called "Mis Alibi;" Joe 
Roberts, who thrums tin- banjo as only hi ■ .01 .1,., 1 ;.-,:■. and Ellis, the 
"jumping jacks oi vaudeville;" the Browne, Fletcher trio in a sketch of 
"A Chrlstmac Carol " Mabel Harper, who Is not 
■ i to b< termed a "nut" comedienne Davis and Mel !oy, singers and 
dancers, and thi Ias1 and concluding chaptei ol that absorbing mystery 

Si i la I. "The 'ron ("law." 

* * * 
People's Philharmonic Orchestra— With Marlska AJdi atlc so- 

il. mo from the Metropolitan Opera House, as s..i,,i~t. n,, i-,,,, .. 
harmonic Orchestra, Nikolai Sokoloff, conductor, will give the eighth popu- 
lar symphony concert of the summer series at the Cort Theatre, Sunday 

n. August tub. The program, which will commence promptly at 

tlirei o'clock, Includes Mozart's G Mfnoi Symphony, One hundred ind 
twenty-eight • pa sed since Mozart gave to thi world of music 
this beautiful symphony, it Is a greal fav< riti with luctors and com- 
posers, Schuberl is reported as saying: "*) m hear the angels singl- 
ing In it " Mi ndi '■ ■■ 'i'ii 1- id it in the highest esteen 

Mrs. Ralph Herz, 

"I Wish I Knew," next week at the Orpheum. 

scored II e »m a piano edition. Mozs 

1 than all of his other symphonies. The friends and 
of the concerts of l Phllharmon (pate a 

beautll of this work by Mr. Sokoloff. The symphony was writ- 

ten for what would nowadays be called a small ■ Mozart calling 

for but two horns, one fl 

Columbia Theatre 

Maion and (Vary Ktrivly 

Phone iranu 

The Leadlnc Playh* 
._ Monde Night July list, SECOND WHOTK. ,\i 


Am ' . ■ orate revh al 


By Willi Vaughn M Is 

Nfexl Production -"Come Oul of the Kit. Inn" 

1 . ■ 

Pantages' Theatre 

Market Street Opposite Maion 

rii' mo and pretentious novelty dancing ami acrobatic 
produi ; ■ r been 1 ked over thi 1 "a ni ages circuit, 


A pantomimic • x\ twenty-four artistes from the 

Courl oi 1 he shah ol 1 Presented under the direction oi AX 

1 ■ ■ 

a n onderl ill e1| il acl 1 oy> and the concludl of the 

grlpplni dial. THE IRON CLAW." Can you guesi 

■ 1 laughing Mask," 


O'Farrell Street 

Bet. Stockton and Powell 
Phone Poujrlas TO 



vaudeville of merit 
\XX.\ WHEATON and HARRY CARROLL, In Bonga by Harrj 
Carroll: MRS. RALPH HERZ .v Co., In Sada Cowan'e novel skit. 
"I Wish 1 Know;" LOTJ HOLTZ, "Fathei Jo I MARY MEL- 

. 11.1,1: (1 Lti ol Mi Kill. & H ,.!i. 

Ml,, 11 \m >i ;■ ;, ;i. 1; ii. 1 .. •■■ ng Italian Planlsl In New 
11: I'TY Mi IRGAN, In 

,. , MARTINBTT1 & SYLVESTER, "Thi Ith the 

, ihnli ;" 1 ■. '.' 1.. VLEXAN1 >ER C LRR & C< ' (late . 

11.; 1 ' 1 1. 1 1 In "An April Sho, 

i... -■ l oi es i". Oi : '.i 11 (excepl Sun- 


July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 



The prompt zeal of the local police department in capturing 
the supposed perpetrators of the death dealing bomb explosion 
within "three days," when by their own anterior admission they 
had no information or clues regarding any movements of anar- 
chists in this city, has a deceptive look. The arrests have 
the usual resemblance of the old, old practice of dragnetting 
characters with bad records into prison in order to make a show- 
ing of activity in the public press. Such activities furnish the 
omniverous dailies with ideas to elaborate into exaggerated sen- 
sations, and thus keep their subscribers pop-eyed with "movies" 
staged to kill time. Meanwhile, on their own admissions, the 
police are scurrying to dragnet other suspicious characters that 
may or may not have been connected with the awful crime. 

The large reward offered to date, $15,350, will spur both the 
police and outsiders on the hunt. Several detective agencies 
are digging hard to find a clue. Aside from the monetary re- 
ward, the fame of the man who makes the capture will shine 
bright in the history of the great dynamiting crimes in this coun- 
try. He will certainly deserve his fame, for his success will 
demonstrate that such crimes cannot be perpetrated in this coun 
try without deserved and swift punishment. 


As was forecasted in the News Letter several months ago, Dr. 
Aked and Ford have split, "not parted," blew apart by fulmin- 
ating reasons of dynamic import : reasons on a par with those 
affecting the belligerents. Pathologically their feelings have 
become affected by the eczema of war. Dr. Aked contended 
that the "other members of the Ford peace conference in Eu- 
rope were mediocrities, nuts and cranks." In which declaration 
he was right. Absurd modesty forbade him including those 
attending the dual conference. 

Henry Ford is reported to have cut off any further communi- 
cation with his "Big Chief of the Pow Wow." Accordingly Dr. 
Aked has slipped easily and naturally and promptly into the 
most inviting berth before him, delivering lectures on a booking 
route controlled by a lyceum bureau. In this picturesque field 
he will still remain in his beloved limelight, and at the same time 
enjoy the personal felicity of translating his experiences with 
the "Ford Peace Party" into dollars and wasted sense. 

Meanwhile, the new structure of the First Congregational 
Church on "Post and Mason streets, which Dr. Aked imposed on 
the congregation at a heavy expense, has become another monu- 
ment of his ineptitude for ordinary continuity of purpose. He 
has seized by force the medal from that model of erratic gazoo- 
zums, "On again, off again," Finnegan. 

By far the most interesting "new thing" of society's rou- 
tine just now is each Tuesday night's championship hockey con- 
test in the Bay Counties Amateur Hockey Ass'n series being 
played at the Techau Ice Palace, beginning at 8 :30 p. m. The 
game is always preceded by a smart dinner at the Techau Tav- 
ern at 6 :30 o'clock, where a soiree of salon concert numbers with 
dancing for the guests is observed. The guests then all repair 
to the Ice Palace for the great game of the ice. The electric 
swings and the aerial ballet, by far the most fetching novelty 
feature ever given at the Tavern. Also the La Boheme Perfume 
favors are continued with the Perfume Dances. At 5 o'clock 
each afternoon three fortunate ladies in the audience receive 
large four dollar sized bottles of La Boheme Perfume. During 
and after dinner each evening, except Sunday, and again in con- 
nection with the After Theatre Supper, the Perfume Dances 
hold the floor. 

"Your wife's dinner parties are always beautiful affairs." 

"Yes," replied Mr. Cumrox. "At first people didn't seem to 
want to come to 'em. I guess mebbe the high cost of living is 
making a difference." — Washington Star. 

Novelties for "Welcoming" and 
"Bon Voyage" Packages 

Flowers Delivered to Any Pail of 
the World 




2 [and, A.ntioc.1 5 Eastern Ry. electric train to Sacramento and 
f Plerce-An-ow Auto Stage direct to the L&ke. 
lj An enjoyable one aaj trip to Lake Tahoe, "the Wonderland of the 


Write for full particulars. 


frafflc Manager, Oakland. Cal. S 


Mme. C. La FON 

First Class Work at Reasonable Prices 

Laces and Lace Curtains a Specialty 

Club, Restaurant and Hotel Service 


Phone Park 4962 

Tel. Kearny 1461 Private Exchange Connecting all Warehouses 


Warehousemen Forwarding Agents Distributors Public Weighers 

Spur Track Connection with all Railroads 

Main Office— 625-647 Third St., San Francisco, Cal. 


KODAK finishing done by EXPERTS. We will send 
for your films. 


Phone Kearny 3841 

Queen Regent Merger Mines Company 
Location ol ■ lcc of business, San Francisco. California. Loca- 

tion of works, Mli Com '■■-■ irada, and >-■ ■ allfornla. 

Notice is hereby given thai at eetlng of the Dlr -■. held on the 

6th day of July. 1916, an assessmenl oi one-hall cenl per share was levied 

up he Issui 'i capital stock i ■ dlately, In 

i the I nlted States, to the Secretary, at the office of the 
Comps Eonadnock Building, San Pr inclsco, California. 

Any stock on wl unpaid on I tie 18th 

i ; i ■■. oi \ ■:■-■ ust. 1916, will be d iale al public 

. Will be BOl< 
l'.'th day ol September. 1916, to pay the delinquent assessment, together 
with the costs of advertising and expenses of sale. 

M. B. WADS], 5< 
337 Monadnock Building. 681 Market street. San 


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Established 1855 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

BAUML-POZNANSKI. — Mr. and Mrs. W. L». Bauml announce the engag' - 
ment of their daughter, Miss Hat He Bauml, to Norton I,. Poznanskl. 

rh. > will be at dome next Sunday afternoon at 2669 Howard street. 

I'.RANDEIS-I 'AVID. — Krom Chicago comes news of the rn^;i u- rnent of 

Miss 11 la Li ", ijrandeis, daughter of Mrs. J. t-t, Brandels of that 
city, and Paul David of San Francisco. 

CARR-DOUGLAS.— Mr. Harry James I ouglas and Mrs. Austie Carr wilt 
be married at noon Tuesday, August 1st, at Menlo Park. 

GIBSON- DA VIES.— The engagement of Miss Helen Gibson, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Georg R. Gibson, to Gilbert S. Davies, a young business 
man of Bakersfteld, had been announced recently. 

LIVINGSTON-SILVERMAN. — Announcement of the engagement of Miss 
Frances Livingston of Pasadena, to Mr. Siegfried Silverman of Ala- 
has bei ■ ai lounced The tat of the wedding lias not been 
decided upon. 

Li ICAN-HOTCHKISS. — The engagement ol Miss Margaret Locan and Lln- 
vllle Hotchklss lias been announced by cards to sixty friends and rela- 
tives of the two families. The wedding Is to take pla< e on Augusl 5th, 
at the home of the bride-elect's mother, Mrs. Ninole I>ocan. 

SULLrVAN-SATVTELLB. — The engagi m - been announced of Miss 

Florence Marlon E nd Edwin r:. Sawtelle of Cambridge, Mb 

'I'liv bride -el eel is th$ d&Ughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Sulla.' ( 


\K.\i'll->',IITI -. ■... .if Miss F -nee Helen Vca-di [o Mr. 

CI ghorn Smith das been announced by cards, Miss Veach ie 
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Veach and wie granddaughter 
ol Mrs. -i mima Brier, a ploneei of the Sacramento Valley. Mr. Smith 

Is the h in of Mr. and Mrs. Robert John Smith of Philadelphia He i 

to Sa ngage in business about a year ago 


CUNNINGHAM -KENT.— Saturday, September 2d, is the daj chosi n bj 
Miss Genevieve Cunningham and Piatt Kent for their marriage. Thi 
wedding is to take place In the garden of the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
James A. Folger at Woodstde. 

GORRIL.L-PAGE. — One of the Interesting weddings of the autumn will be 
that of Miss Page of Berkeley and Ralph Gorrill. The cere- 

mony will be solemnized In St. Clement's chapel in Claremont. 

HATTEROTH-DAWSON.— Miss Clara Hatteroth left this week for Texas. 
to be married there to Lieutenant Cyril Wlnton Arthur Dawson ■■ 
Twenty-ninth Coast Artillery. U. S. A. 

MKLCHKR-KOIJBE- The marriage of Miss Melcber ami Eric Kobbe Will 
take place in the fall In Brooktlne. 

TAYLOR-ROBERTS. — Cards have been issued for the wedding on Augusl 
i of Miss Bernlce Taylor and Mr. Chesley John Roberts. The cere- 

■ ■ med at the Uplands, the Ta j I ne on 

Claremont Hills, will be a social event 


1 (KLL-McMURRAN.— St. Mary's Cathedral was tie-' scene of a weddti g on 
inly 19th, when Miss Frances Bell became thi bride of Archer Mc- 

-WALES.— Miss Sarah Berg and Mr, Harold E. Wales were married 
July 11th at Berkeley. 

UW »ai i-iirc.ilES. - -A wedding took place at St. Mary's Cathedral on 
Mond 3 L7th when Miss Hazel Broad became the bride 

Of William Hughes. 

! i LRLINGTi tN-ERWIN.— Mies Constani e Alden Darlington and Mr. Jamoa 
I -'Mh at Pasadena, Cal. 

DAWSON- HATTEROTH.— Mr. and Mrs. William Hatteroth have sent out 

carde an I'Uinclng the i ag< of I : i : i Jllss Clara Louise 

Hatti ■ berl Wlnton I ton son of the i toast Ar- 
tillery, U. S. A. T3 lagt toofe placi on Mondai July 24th, at 

lentro, Cal. 

EDMINSON-GESSY.- Mif Edi1 I bi Bdmln law bter of Mr. and 

Mrs. .i "i 1 1. P ■■'■'■ the wlfi "i Paul Church Glesy, son of 

Mr. and Mrs. J, W. •'■><■ 3l. Luke's Kpiscopal 

HENNESSTT-VELQETH Thi » Miss Hazel Hennessj and Mr. 

- elgeth took place at St. John's Church, .July 1st. T ■ li 

honey ■ ■ south. 

1 .! R( VRA- HUGHES.- A pretty wedding took place Saturd 

Mr. and Mrs. : i p Len m Broadway, when Miss 

An ita L of Wilfred ■' 1 1 ughes 
PLATT-SEI] i r i ■' In Platl ts i Ity and i >ai 16 

s. id of Santa Rosa took place July 18th al thi i lifl Hotel. 
SHEEHAN-V1ZZARD.— Miss Maud M Shei ghl ■■ 

Sheen in, be ami I he b ol Josi ph F. Vizza rd ai a prettj wei 

SINCLAIR-GRAY. — Announcement id< oi the mai riage «if 

Miss Helet and William j, < Jray, Jr., Bon oi Captain 

William J i 
TOWLE-POTTER Ms C\ o ■' Pottei il Los Angeles and Mr. H irl 

Towle of Sai ' married July 16th at ] loly Trinity C 

in i ."■ Thi i will II i in this city, 


■ \ RBOl R i I ■ ■ ■■• r. Sari i ■ lispens* 1 1 bis hospl talli y a i luncheon 

this wi ek al the SI Pram l h I 

i 0Y1 1.— Mrs. George Bo 'd ■ nterl lined a number oi her frlende al a 

luncheon parly on Friday al her home in San Rafael. 

CRISP. — Mrs. Richardson Owen Crisp entertained at a luncheon and 

bridge at the Cecil Hotel Wednesday. 
CUYLER, — One oi the enjoyable affairs of Saturday was the luncheon 

at which Mrs. Cornelius c. Cuyler presided at the Palace Hotel, where 
she is staying during her visit in San Francisco. 

CUYLER. — Mrs. Cornelius C. Cuyler of New York passed a day recently 
in Burlingame. where sic was a guest at the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
William H. Crocker. A luncheon party arranged in compliment to her 
by Mr. and Mrs. Crocker was also enjoyed by Mr. and Mrs. George A. 
Pope and Miss Helen Crocker. 

MARYS. — Mr. and Mrs. Charles Whitney Carpenter. Jr., and Mr. and Mis. 
Ernest Wiltsee enjoyed the hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. George T. 
Mary- at luncheon yesterday at their beautiful home in Burlin. 

OXNARD. — Mrs. Robert Oxnard was hostess at a luncheon Thursday at 
her home in Redwood City. 

PISCHEL. — With Mrs. Kaspar Plschel as club hostess, a number of the 
members of the Lagunitas Country Club joined in a luncheon there. 
Tuesday, with bridge afterwards. 


MARYE. — Mr. and Mrs. George T. Marye gave a delightful tea Sunday at 
their beautiful residence in Burlingame. 

ABERNETHY. — Mrs. Robert Abernethy. wife of Major Abernpthy, has 
issued invitations for a dinner to he given Saturday evening, August 
5th. It will take place at the Bellevue Hotel. 

ARMSBY. — To make a bright spot in the visit Of Mr. and Mis. Jack Mc- 
Cullough of New York, Mr. and Mrs. .T. Frank Judge of Sail Lake 
City, and Miss I >orothy Brown and Alfred Brown of London, there 
was a dinner dance at the Burlingame Country Club Thursday even- 
ing, with Raymond and Gordon Armsby as the hosts. 

BEM. — Mr, and Mrs. Stanislas Ri-iii were hosts at a dinner lasl Sunday 
evening, entertaining Mr. anil Mrs. Edmund Lichtensteln, Mi and 
Mrs. William Bitter, I ibi a i Well and Josiah Zuro. 

BOTHIN. — Mr. and Mis, Henry E. Bothlll will give a dinner parts ai thi 11 
home at Ross. The Bothins have been away part of the summer. 

CROCKER. — Mrs. William H. Crocker entertained a group of friends al 

dinner Saturday evening at the Palace Hotel, where her guests tOOfc 

part in the banquet given In honor Of Nicholas Murray Butl- r and 

the d ■ tin Republican National Convention from California 

1 dLLINCHAM - "Mokulela," the mountain home of Mr. and Mrs. Harold 

Dillingham in the Hawaiian Islands, was the setting for a novel en- 
tertainment last week in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Jay Gould. It was 
an old-fashioned "luau." 
POLGER. — Mr. and Mis. E, i; Folger were hosts recently at a birthday 
dinner in honor of their daughter. Miss Betty Bulger, OnO of the belles 
sojourning at Del Monte. The dinner took place at the palm grill of 
thi i lot i iel Monte. 

LAWLOR. — Judge and Mrs. William V. Lawlor entertained at a dinner 

party at their home w< ■ It was in honor of Miss Helen 

llton and George Howard. 

MARYE. —Mrs. George T. Marye will be the hostess this evening at a din- 
ner, it win be glvi a U one ol the downtown cafes, and the guest list 
will Include only women. 

McCULLOUGH. -Mr, and Mrs John McCul lough, who 11 ng at the 

Fairmont Hotel, were hosts at a supper party at the St. Francis Mon- 
day evening. 

KYAN. — Thomas Fortune Ryan gave a dinner Wednesday at the St Fran- 
i i Hotel. 

SAN RAFAEL GOLF CLUB.- I I l San Rafael Golf and Country Club was 
the scene of a jolly dinner dance Thursday night, following 
tournament for the married members in the afternoon. Some of 

who participated were Messrs. and Mesdames J. K. Armsby, Richard 
Carr. 1 nival MOOre, ! 'avid I 'uncan and Roger Bocqueraz. 

COHN. MIbb Gertrude Conn and Mr, Nathan Lewis will b< 

iuiy SOth, from 2 to j L1 L326 !■ n street. The re- 
will he in eei, i, ration <u He ii ■ ngagement, 


overlooking the beautiful Plaza of Union 

Square, the Hotel of refinement and service, 

is offering special rates to permanent guests. 

Hotel Plaza Company 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 



I'nwi'ix - Si.i i>h vvaa v nted at the hockej ime between the 

Polo .ni-i « ; its ,■( i Hi.' Ice I'al.n ■ en oa 

by Messrs. and Mesdami >wdln, Frederick McNear, Wm. 

ii. Taylor, Jr., and Augustus Taylor. 

i.\ MONTAGNE, Mr, and Mrs, Clinton La Montagne entertained 
friends a1 a h«>x party l1 ting 'ink hockej match. 

whitman. —Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Whitman were hosts 

followed by a t»>x party, recently. Malcolm Whitman arrived a fen 
days ago from the Blast and Joined ins Family al Burllngame. 


ci. auk. -Mrs. Charles W. Clark and the Misses Hole I Edith Chese- 

brough are awaj on real camping trip. They left Camp Wawona, 
among the big trees, b few days ago. taking :l guide and a cook who 
also manage theli pack horse train. 

KLOOD.— Mr, ami Mrs. James l.. FJ I came l from a six-weeks' trip 

i" the North a few days ;m", anil left just as soon as they could on 

another trip. They are now traveling about in the Lake Tahoe re- 
gion, ami plan tO ramp out ami have a real taste Of "roughing it." 

i HID.— Miss Grace Buford, who is visiting her uncle and aunt. Major- 
General and Mis. .1. Franklin Bell, at Port Mason, was the guest of 
i- at a delightful tea dance ?;iven at the Officers' Club at the Pre- 
sidio Friday afternoon. 

HAT! I AWAY. — Miss 'Marie Hathaway, who is passing the summer at 
Pebble Beach Lodge, is entertaining her San Francisco friends at 
many pleasurable affairs. Saturday evening she presided at a dancing 
party, a number of her friends going over from Del Monte, where 
they have been attending the golf tournament. 

CURRAN. — Homer Curran was host Monday night at a theatre party at 
the Cort Theatre, entertaining two boxes of guests to see the tuneful 
■"Canary Cottage." Afterwards the party had supper at the St. Fran- 
cis and participated in the dancing. Mrs. J. Leroy Nickel chaperoned 
the party. 

KEENEY.— Miss Helen Keeney gave a theatre party Friday evening. The 
hostess and her guests went to the Orpheum, and later to the St. 
Francis Hotel for a supper dance. 

\h IRRIS. — Mrs. John Morris will entertain to-day at a luncheon and thea- 
tre party in compliment to Miss Grace Buford, the niece of Mrs. J. 
Franklin Bell. 

NICKEL, — Miss Beatrice nickel was hostess at a dinner and theatre party 
Wednesday evening. 

TAYLOR. — Mr. and Mrs. "William H. Taylor, Jr., were hosts at a dinner 
an<l theatre party Monday night, taking their guests to see "Canary 
1 "ottage." 

WALKER— Mr. and Mrs. Talbot C. Walker and Mr. and Mrs, William 
II. Taylor were among the guests at a theatre party given recently 
by Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Welch in compliment to Charles Freeborn of 
Paris. Later the party enjoyed supper at the St. Francis. 

ASHE. — Mr. and Mrs. R. Porter Ashe, who have been away on a motor 
trip to the Sierras and the Tahoe country, have returned to their 
home in San Rafael. 

CURRAN. — Mr. and Mrs Ross Ambler Curran have returned from Lake 
Tahoe, where they have been passing a portion of the summer, 

LOOMIS. — Fiancis B. Loomis has rejoined his family at Burlingame after 
an extended absence, the greater part of the time in Washington, 

McKAIG.— Mr and Mrs. George Hughes McKalg have returned from their 
honeymoon and have taken an apartment at 1335 Clay street. 

PISCHEL. — Dr. and Mrs. Kaspar Plschel. Miss Sepha Pischel and Harold 
and Dohrmann Pischel have returned from Alaska. They made the 
trip from here to Seattle and return by automobile. 

RATHJBNS.— Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Rathjens returned to their home In this 
cits last Saturday from the Rathjens ranch in Mendocino county. 

w RIGHT. — Mr. and Mrs. E. C Wright hai ' from a motor trip 

iii the southern pari of the State, and are again at the curt Hotel. 

1.1:1 'MING. — Mrs. Joseph Redding has arrived from New York, when sh<- 
spent the spring and early summer, and If al the Palace Hotel for an 


BORDWJDLL.— Mrs. Frederic!) Bordwel] hai gone t" San Antonio, Texas, 

where she Is the guest of Mr. and Mrs HaTTJ Lands 

CHICKBRING \us Roger CI William G Volkmann 

and their children have gone to Plumas County, to i»- at the Fi 
EUver Inn for the month. 

DEAR Mr and Mis Harold V Car. who were married within the last 

fortnight, loft w ■ tor Honolulu to reside. 
HAMMON. Mrs Wendell P Ham ind MCra Ch ■ ■ ■■ H Roll 10k, Jr., 

left this W6< k on B motor trip to the mountains. They will visit I^ake 

Tahoe and F* tthi r EUvei Inn 

whitman. Mi and Mrs Malcolm D, whitman and Mr. Whitman's 
brother left this week for the McCloud River Country Club to enjoy 
a few ashing. 

AHAMS.- Mi dward Adams of San DlegO, who has been visiting 

Judgi \\;lliam IV Lftwlor for several weeks, has returned 

me, Mrs Adams is a sister Ol Mrs. I.awlor. 

BALDWIN Mr and Mrs not long 

nual visit t- 1 California where 

■V Mr. and Mrs, Aldrlch Barton, who have lived down In Panama 
for the last two years, have left there to make their hoin.- in New- 
York Mis Barton, who was Miss i! well 
known here. Is 1 n roul ta, Mr. and Mrs. Frank- 
lin Be 
BUSS ker H. Bliss left Washington r Penn- 

t of the summer. 

f>RN VI ■ 11. ni 1 irence Bn eden and Mn 

will li '■ Won iav foi Soul * '. 11 mi 1 in pn th 

.'i t he summer al Mil a me r. 
CLARK. -Mrs. Edward 1 1 ■ .1 M| ,., 

San Francisco fi Del Wont VI aj and lolned Mr Clark at the 

Fairmont. K.iu ard 1 1 Clai k, Jr., Is at tl 
CRETLIilN. Mr and Mn E R 1 11 go to Nap 1 

Crellin family, who ai 1 famllj re on a1 thi oh s, 

CROCKER. — Mr. and Mrs, Charlea Temple froeker, Wts Frederic! 

Kohl and Miss Marion Zeile si i Crom Honolulu on Wednesday, the 

26th, and will an h e h >me on ibout the 1st, 1 tiej ho\ e b< ■ 11 in 1 U 

lulu most of the summer. 
1 »B CARVONA, — Miss Nina de < larvona will entertain thirtj 01 more 

friends on Saturday at her home In San Francisco, in honor of Miss 

Herlinda Nowell, whose engagemenl to Mr. Charlea William ih yer has 

horn announced. 
DOHRMANN.— Mr. and Mrs, a. B. C Dohrmann, Mr, and -Mrs Stanley 

Fay and Mrs. M. .1 n«-a'> motored from the Weber Lake Country Club 

to the Feather River Inn Cor a visit of a week or so. 
EDDY.— Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Eddy will entertain several of theli San 

Francisco friends over the u.vk end a1 Casa del Rey In Santa Cruz, 

where they are passing the summer. 
FLOOD.— Mr. and Mrs. James L. Flood and their party, who left here on 

a. motor trip a fortnight ago, are now In Plumas County, resting al 

the Feather Inn for a few days. 
(rOVE,— Rear- Admiral and Mrs, Charles Cove were the week-end guests 

of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hooker at their homo in San Mateo. 
HELLMANN.- The I. W. Hellmann family are al their plaoe on Lake 

HILSON. — Mr. and Mrs. A. HUson are having a delightful sojourn ai 

HOBART. — Miss Hannah Hobart, who made her debut here last Winter 

under the patronage of her aunt, Mrs. Alexander Lilley, will again In- 
formally presented to society. The second debut will take place this au- 
tumn in Philadelphia, where Miss Hobart's mother. Mrs. Charles 

Wheeler, is now established in an attractive home. 
.JOHNSON. — Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Johnson. Jr., are domiciled at Casa del 

Rey for the balance of the summer. 
JOSSELYN.— Mi . and Mrs Charles Josselyn are at Santa Cruz for a 

stay of a few weeks. They are at the Casa del Rey, having motored 

down last Saturday. 
KRUTTSCHNlTT.-=-Mrs. Julius Kruttschnitt, Jr., and her children are 

enjoying the summer months .11 Long Beach, having arrived recentlj 

from their home in Tucson, 
LILLEY.— Miss Bthel Lilley is at Bollnas visiting Mrs. Harrison Dibblee 

and Mrs. A. Starr Keeler. Miss Lilley will be one of the debutantes 

ni' the coming season. 
MacGAVTN.— Mrs. E3mllla MacGavin Is at Santa Monica, where she is the 

guest of Mrs. I). M. Delmas. 
MARTIN. — Mrs. Eleanor Martin Is visiting Mrs, C. A. Dolph and her 

daughter. Miss Hazel Dolph, at Portland, Ore. She is being < ni > 1 ,1 

at many affairs in hor honor. 
Aha '< IRMJCK. — Mr. and Mrs, ESrnesI McCormick and their chlldre 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles McCormick and their children Bpenl the SI 
end at the Casa del R< y, 
mills. — Among those who have abandoned New York foi the next few 

montlis an Ui and Mrs. dgd.-ii Mills. They wore at their beautiful 

country placi al Staatsburg, N. Y., in the early summer, but hai 
cently gone to Newport, where they will be until the fall. 

MOFFITT.— 1 >r, Herbert Moffltt and his family are al theli home on Lake 

MONTEAGLE. Mr and Mrs, Louis Monteagle are al Del Monte. Ken- 
neth Monleagle is In the business men*s 1 Monterey. 

MURDOCK. Murdocks ol nd Mr. and Mrs, Hamil- 

ton Murdock nd i nests at Mt. 


;.!■:.-- Frederick Myrtle has the honor ol writing the gro 
year, and J. Hu n 111 li Sa ' 

August 1 _th. will he an eventful day for thi 

will have the >ra this 


itATlll'.i 'NK Mr. and where 

they I Mi and Mrs. Fred Kohl. Mrs. 

Rathbone's health rimer. 

i;ii[,l'ii. -M 1 Rolph, Jr., Mrs. Hoi ph. Mies 

James Rolph III. wen 
iiVAN Thomas Fortune Ryan will take his private car party with him 

10 Ldke Tahoe when they complete their Visit lure. Mrs. Cornelius 

uyler and M 

to the Pr- 1 in which tin t Af- 



■ . 

motor trip to 

WAT .TTin»- — Mr. an 1 Mrs F, .! Walter an lays ago fron 

home in New York, an 

St Francis Hotel. 
WILLIAMS the guest Of Mr. 

and Mrs. ! 1 I she will 1 

Mrs, Chai 

"No matter what you may say," said the staff optimist 

firmly, "there are two compensations for all the drawbacks of 
life." "Yes?" asked the pessimist; "what are they?" "Blondes 
and brunettes." — Chicago Herald. 


San News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Mrs. Carolan's Premonitions 

All pleasure which would have gayly colored the recollections 
of the Preparedness Parade has been turned into sad and sorry 
remembrances for the terrible toll of death which the bomb took 
in its muderous course of destruction has wiped out every other 
incident of the affair. 

Most of the society women who took part in the parade were 
prepared for some sort of demonstration against them, but of 
course their fancy and the facts dangled in front of them by 
the timid prophets never encompassed the horrors that followed 
in the wake of that deadly instrument of deviltry. 

The rumor went the rounds of society that there would be 
malcontents on the sidelines who might even go so far as to 
throw things — but a deadly bomb was not in the category of 
"things" visualized by the most far seeing. Mrs. Fancis Carolan 
was one of the woman who was perfectly sure there would be 
a demonstration of some sort, but nevertheless she led her regi- 
ment. Just before Mrs. Carolan joined the waiting marchers, 
some one complimented her on her very fetching costume. She 
was in a white cloth tailor suit, the skirt made full, but not 
overly short, and the coat cut on the flowing, graceful lines of 
the Russian blouse with a short rippling cape collar of beaver 
fur in the back. Her hat was a black and white Tricorne, with 
a little rosette of flowers in red, white and blue on one side, and 
on the lapel of her coat was another patriotic bouquet. Her 
shoes were white sports, with soles at least an inch thick. Al- 
together, Mrs. Carolan made a very gallant figure, far and away 
the smartest figure assembled for the parade, and yet nothing 
could have been simpler nor in better taste than her costume. 

When her friends complimented her on her costume, she said : 
"It looks all right now, but wait until a dozen or more eggs have 
splattered over it — some more nervous than others!" The others 
scouted the idea, but Mrs. Carolan reiterated her belief that 
there would be malcontents armed with "rotten eggs." Just be- 
fore she fell into line she learned that a bomb had been thrown. 

Mrs. Malcolm Whitman was another one who held the firm 
belief that the line of march would be marred by some un- 
friendly incidents, but like Mrs. Carolan she thought that it 
would take a harmless, if unpleasant, form. Mrs. Whitman 
marched in the New York parade which covered a greater dis- 
tance, and there the fear of some anarchistic expression was so 
general that it was not dissipated until the procession had come 
to a safe end. The fact that the New York parade went off 
without any untoward incident heartened the Chicago people 
and stifled all fear of a serious counter-demonstration, and San 
Franciscans had no reason to believe that the demon of death 
would ride postillion with them. 

© © © 

Mrs. Wm. Hinckley Taylor Suffers from a Stiff Shoulder. 

Mrs. William Hinckley Taylor, the Grand Marshal of the 
woman's division, received a note, as every one knows now, 
warning her not to step into line, and threatening death. Mrs. 
Taylor paid no attention to the note, and took her place at the 
head of her division. She marched with more spirit than any 
other individual, man or woman, in the entire parade. From 
Montgomery street, where the women fell into line, until Van 
Ness avenue, she waved a flag with so much vim and patriotic 
abandon that even the most jaded onlooker was stirred to give 
her section a round of applause. Mrs. Taylor was one of the 
few women who knew immediately of the extent of the dam- 
age done by the bomb, but she very wisely prevented the mes- 
senger of ill tidings from spreading the news among the others. 
Fortunately, the plans of the anonymous letter writer miscar- 
ried, and Mrs. Taylor has nothing more serious than a stiff arm 
and shoulder due to waving a flag for over an hour. 
© © © 

Talked Her Friends Into It 

Mrs. Felton (Cora Smedberg was one of the enthusiastic wo- 
men who talked all the friends that she could into the line of 
march. Mrs. Ed. Pringle, whose brother-in-law was one of the 

victims of the Mexican policy toward Americans, was another 
one who did much recruiting among her friends. Miss Helen 
Crocker set the example at Del Monte, and came up especially 
to march in the parade, shaming those who were not willing to 
thus demonstrate their willingness to give impetus to the pre- 
paredness idea. Most of the young girls from the San Rafael, 
Ross Valley set, were in evidence, more of them turning out than 
of the Burlingame younger set. Louise Janin, who carried a 
standard, like Mrs. Taylor suffered for a few days from a stiff 
am and shoulder, but the effect of unusual muscular effort has 
now worn off. 

© © © 

Leonard Hammond's War Record 

The news that Leonard Hammond has been given the highest 
honors for valiant work in the French automobile service is not 
surprising to those who know the dare-devil character of this 
young blade. When hewent to France to offer his services, his 
best friends predicted that he would do the heroic thing, for 
the sort of heroism that war demands is often possessed in large 
degree by men who have not achieved high honors in marital 
life. The speed laws that inhibit drivers in peaceful countries 
do not obtain for the soldier chauffeurs, and Hammond is in his 
element in the sort of work he is doing now. Hammond has 
won the coveted ribbon and cross on the left breast. 

It is interesting that Geo. Whittell, who like Hammond broke 
the speed laws here with such uniformity and precision that it 
was said that his father just set aside a certain amount for fines, 
should likewise have won honors in that same branch of the 
French service. Whittell had lived in Paris several years when 
the war broke out, and he was among the first to offer his ser- 
vices in the ambulance work. 

Leonard Hammond, on the other hand, had never lived in 
France, but his sympathies were with the French people, and 
moreover he had a desire to get into the war with all its possi- 
bilities of adventure. So he went over there, like many a soldier 
of the fortune, for the purpose of getting a first hand introduc- 
tion to the gods of war. Hammond's wife, who was Miss Ruth 
Merrill before her marriage to the son of the lumber magnate, 
has, since her final decree of divorce from Hammond, married 
Deveroux, polo player and mining man. 


The waiters in San Francisco demand a working day of 
8 hours 

The cooks demand a day of 8 hours. 

San Francisco restaurants now pay waiters the highest 
wages in the United States, excepting the mining camps of 
Butte and Goldfield, where the craft receives similar pay. 

The present hours of employment for waiters here are 
the shortest of any city in the country. 

The cooks receive higher wages and work shorter hours 
here than in 90 per cent of the other cities, and their con- 
ditions in San Francisco are as good as those anywhere. 

To accede to these demands would mean a 100 per cent 
increase in the number of cooks, and 50 per cent in the 
number of waiters employed in each restaurant. 

A compromise offered by the San Francisco Restaurant 
Men's Association was declined by the union. That offer 
meant nine hours, and was a concession of 50 per cent of 
the demands of the union. 

In justice to ourselves and in justice to the public, more 
than this we cannot and will not grant. 

San Francisco 

Restaurant Men's 


July 29, 1910. 

and California Advertiser 


Reminiscences oj Vesta Davis 

The news of the death of Vesta Shortridge Bruguiere Davis 
at Newport, where her husband has been stationed since his re- 
turn from Guam, has cast a deep gloom over the many friends 
of this unusual young woman. 

Even as a young girl, Vesta Shortridge was out of the cate- 
gory of the commonplace. She did not make a formal debut, 
hut went about for a season, spending much time at Monterey, 
where she met Emile Bruguiere, who had a home down there 
and was one of the eligible bachelors of these parts. Without 
going through the formalities of any engagement announce- 
ment, they were married with only the necessary witnesses at 
the ceremony. 

Young Mrs. Bruguiere declared from the beginning that it 
was a "trial" marriage, and she used to shock the tabbies by 
affirming her creed, which ratified many of the modern ideas on 
love and marriage. In spite of her radical ideas, her marriage 
was, for a time, considered a very successful one in the set in 
which marriage has not a very static position. However, before 
many seasons had come and gone, the Bruguieres were divorced 
and Emile went East to live and Mrs. Bruguiere and her small 
son stayed here. 

Her engagement to a number of suitors was announced. Then 
along came Major Davis, and conducted his wooing according 
to military tactics — short, sharp and incisive — and the fascinat- 
ing little lady, who had ruled her suitors with the iron hand in 
the silken glove, was conquered. Her marriage to Davis has 
been one of those ideally happy ones which even those most 
pessimistic about marriage love to hold up as shining excep- 
tions to generalities. 

One of the first to wire condolences to the bereaved husband 
was Joe Eastland, who created a sensation seven or eight years 
ago when the engagement of Vesta Shortridge Bruguiere was 
announced to Lieutenant Davis. Joe Eastland was in Europe at 
the time, and the newspaper account reached him. He cabled 
to the papers that there must be some mistake, as Mrs. Bru- 
guiere was engaged to him. If the fascinating lady had really 
given her promise to Eastland she evidently regarded it as a 
promise lightly given, for she went straight ahead and married 
Davis before Eastland could arrive in Ameirca. Eastland bore 
them no grudge, and was called "Uncle Joe" by the Davis child- 
ren — two bairns having blessed their union. 

None of her friends had even heard that she was ill, and the 
first news that her father, Sam Shortridge, had was that she 
had been taken to a hospital for an operation, and then a few 
hours later came the news of her death. 
© © © 

Skating Fans 

Interest in hockey does not abate, and the match game at the 
skating rink the other night drew out an unusually large and en- 
thusiastic audience. The Fred McNears, Will Taylors, Wal- 
ter Martins, Walter Hobarts. Rodger Laphams, and Andrew 
Welchs have become real "fans," and never miss a match. Wal- 
ter Martin is now in Portland with his mother, the Martin es- 
tate holding many acres in Oregon which have not yet been sub- 
divided. Mrs. Martin has been spending several mornings a 
week at the rink in order to make up for the time she lost while 
on the yachting trip with the Jackings. Of all the women who 
have learned to skate this season, bringing to the sport no pre- 
vious knowledge, none has acquired the grace and skill of Mrs. 
Andrew Welch, who is now not only perfectly at her ease on 
skates, but is able to get some of the poetry of motion into the 
pastime. Mrs. Fred McNear skates very well, showing none 
of the timidity of the usual tyro, but she is not such a graceful 
figure on the ice as Mrs. Welch. 

Prominent among the weddings this week will be the nuptials 
of Harry James Douglas, vice-president of the American Surety 
Company of New York, and Mrs. Austie Carr, who will be mar- 
ried at twelve o'clock. Tuesday, August 1st, at Menlo Park. 
Reverend Dr. Guthrie will officiate. Mr. Leland Carr will be 
best man. The wedding will be attended by the immediate rela- 
tives and friends, among whom will be the bride's mother. Mrs. 
Fordyce Roper, Charles W. Whitaker, George Whitaker, 
and Miss Anna Whitaker. Mrs. George H. Matthew and her 
daughter. Miss Elisa Matthew, will come up from Los Angeles 
to attend the wedding. The residence of the happy pair will be 
at Menlo Park, where an unusually lovely home on the Middle- 
field road has just been completed. 

A Question 
of Beauty 

is always a 
question of com- 
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perfect complex- 
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nature's deficiencies. 

Gouraud's ,„ 

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Healing and refreshing - Non-greasy. _ 

Send 1 Oc. for trial size 9 

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A Collection of 


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I. Mackson, Owner 

Don't Fail to Attend this Important Auction 

E. J. 





Formerly of 
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magnificent selection of Furs for 
Fall Just received 


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hotels ami 



Phone Sutler 






San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 


"A mericanization." 

"When the average American speaks of Americanizing the 
alien, what has he in mind ? Is it that clothes and manners 
shall conform, the voting for one of the two old parties prevail, 
that the races shall intermarry, or is it that some ideal of life 
shall be realized whereby women shall have equality with men, 
the safeguarding of childhood and the respect for law shall be 
recognized to a degree higher than in other countries? And if 
these and other ideals were attained irrespective of racial dis- 
tinction would America then be Americanized?" 

These are some of the questions which Royal Dixon raises in 
the first chapter of his book, "Americanization," which is pub- 
lished this week as one of the series known as "Our National 
Problems." Mr. Dixon's purpose is to study the entire problem 
of Americanization in all of its ramifications — America's need 
of a greater national spirit, which has been done in the past to 
foster in those who seek these shores a love of this country, 
what ought to be done in the future. Mr. Dixon does not mince 
words. Here, for example, is his description of America to-day : 

"The nation knows to-day what only a little group of people 
had begun to realize at the beginning of the present war, namely, 
that these are the United States as far as the map of the world 
goes, but that in no respect is this given area of the world's sur- 
face a nation by any of the spiritual definitions of that word. 
It has become, and in no figurative sense, a universal boarding 
house, a profitable place for transients, a refuge not beloved 
and not inspiring to the heart of the fugitive, but rather a con- 
venience, a mart, a place to get rich in, a place to be criticised, 
sneered at, laughed at and finally to be rid of when it has yielded 
enough and to spare." 

Published by the Macmillan Company, New York. 
* * * 
"Body and the Spirit." 

Much of "Body and Spirit," Dr. John D. Quackenbos's re- 
cently published book, was written after he had given himself 
literary suggestions at night to take effect at waking. This has 
been Dr. Quackenbos's habit for many years, and in this way he 
has written many addresses, poems and important papers. 
Others, he says, have been inspired by him to work along this 
line during sleep, and thereby have reached conspicuous re- 
sults. One well known authoress, according to Dr. Quackenbos, 
has trained herself to go daily into the auto-suggestible state at 
eleven o'clock, and what she suggests to herself materializes at 
the end of an hour of cosmic action in the form of short stories, 
novels and plays which have brought her large financial re- 

Published by Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, New York. 

The August Scribner is, as usual, the Fiction Number, and 
contains an extraordinary number of short stories. They cover 
a wide range in mood, from pure romance to laughing comedy. 
There isn't a story that will not be read with interest, and if you 
have in mind ideas about what the short story should be, you 
can probably find among those in this number abundant material 
from which to satisfy your critical judgment. It is, too, a num- 
ber of many illustrations, including some in color by Wyeth and 
Mrs. Preston. 

a. w. BEST 




Life Classes 
Day and Night 







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Musical Form, Appreciation 






Located one mile from San Rafael in the healthiest part of beautiful Marin 
County, school accredited. Highest rank accorded by 0. S. War Dept. 
High morals and strict attcintoti il.-iiian.leil. Special attention to l'hysical 
Cultureand Athletics. Expert and experienced Instructors. Separate room 
forcach pupil. Juniors in separate building. 89th rear befflrjG In August. 
Write for catalog. 



REX W. SHERER, President 

Hitchcock Military Academy 


lhe beringer Conservatory of Music 

926 Pierce Street, near McAllister 

Directors: Joseph Beringer (Concert Pianist) 
Mme. Jos. Beringer (Concert Contralto) 

Thorough education in Pianoforte Playing and Singing. 
Special departments for beginners, amateurs and 
professionals. Pupils prepared for the operatic and 
concert stage. Opportunities given to advanced piano 
and vocal students to join the well known Beringer 
Musical Club for public appearances. 




{Boarding and Day School for Girls, 

College Preparatory, 
Grammar and Primary Departments. 



Special Care Given to Younger Children. 







Boarding and Day School for Girls 




High School, and Primary Departments, with French 
School for little children. Fully accredited by the University of 
California, Leland Stanford Junior University and by Eastern Col 


2230 Pacific Ave., San Francisco. 


Primary — Grammar — Languages — Folk Dancing and Clay Modeling fea- 
tured. Fancy Ball Room Dancing with Mrs. Fannie Hinman, Transients 
Ciired for. Morning and afternoon sessions. Auto calls any section of city. 


Mezzanine floor. Primary, grammar, languages. Auto service calls any 
section of city. Morning and afternoon sessions. School open all the 
year. Folk dancing, fancy ballroom, with Mrs. Fannie Hinman; clay mod- 
eling. Transients cared for. 

and California Advertiser 



Biggest Profit Year 
In S. P. Co. History. 

The Southern Pacific Company has 
reported for June and the fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1916, that both gross 
and net were the largest in the his- 
tory of the company. Gross earnings were $152,694,228 as 
against $142,774,705 in 1912-13, the next best year. Net was 
$48,189,791, against $47,238,384 in 1909-10, the next best year. 
With other income added and fixed charges deducted, this is at 
the approximate rate of 11% per cent on the stock. 

-The lower levels of the North End Comstocks are to be 

exploited, after having been under water for a period of thirty- 
one years.^ At a special meeting of the United Comstock Pump- 
ing Association it was decided to reduce the water level from 
the 2,700 foot point to the 2,900 point, and the work will prob- 
ably be inaugurated within a fortnight. Not until after the 
meeting was it ascertained that all preliminary work toward this 
end has been done, and all essential machinery been secured. 
Unusual. difficulty was experienced in the matter of transform- 
ers, motors and other electrical equipment, but these were finally 

_ State Bank Superintendent Williams reports the condi- 
tion of all State banks on June 30th as follows : Total resources, 
$817,744,349.70, as compared with $728,758,967.94, reported for 
June 23, 1916, a gain of $88,985,381.76 in the fiscal year, and 
the largest ever recorded in the history of the State. The de- 
posits in all State banks now aggregate $709,053,659.18, as com- 
pared with $612,449,357.29 last year, an increase of $86,604,- 
301.89 in the year. Overdrafts have been reduced during the 
year by nearly $100,000. Cash on hand has been increased by 
more than $7,000,000, and loans have been increased by ap- 
proximately $24,000,000. 

Hawaiian Commercial has declared a $1 extra dividend 

in addition to the regular monthly 25 cents dividend, payable 
July 31st. The company has already paid $1.50 in extra divi- 
dends this year. At the present rate, shareholders will receive 
$5.50 during 1916. 

Standard Oil Company is consolidating its interests in 

Alberta, under the corporate name of Imperial Oil Company, 
a subsidiary of the New Jersey corporation. 

Reported that John N. Willys is making effort to form 

holding company to take over Willys-Overland, Packard and 
other automobile companies, and that Kuhn, Loeb & Co. are 
identified with the transaction. 

The Republic Iron & Steel Company for six months end- 
ed June 30th shows net earning of $6,204,527 against $1,435,- 
087 in 1915, and surplus after preferred dividend of $4,143,076 
against $1,007,504. 

England is spending approximately $24,500,000 per day 

in the war. This includes loans to allies, munition costs, naval 
demands, etc. Her next credit loan will ask for $1,500,000,000. 
About $11,900,000,000 has been voted to date. 

An ordinance passed by the city a few months ago, limit- 
ing the hours tor work in a laundry, has been declared illegal 
by the United States courts. May one say, without fear of as- 
sassination, that it wouldn't wash? 

O. A. ROULEAU, President DONZEL STONEY. Manager 

WALTER C CLARK. Secretary and Asst Manager 

Title Insurance And Guaranty Company 

CAPITAL $500,010.00 

Phone Garfield 2 1 70 250 MONTGOMERY ST. San Francisco. Cal. 



lESTslBUSHED isn) 

Paid-up Capital 

Reserve Fund 

Reserve Liability of 

Aggregate Assets 
31st March 1916 

■ 13,000,000.00 
• 17,500,000.00 


J. RUSSELL FRENCH, General Manager 

.344 BRANCHES and AGENCIES in the Australian States, New Zealand, 
Fiji, Papua. (New Guinea), and London. The Bank transacts every 
description of Australian Banking Business. Wool and other Produce 
Credits Arranged. 

Head Office: London Office: 




SIREDMUNDWALKERC.V.O..LL.D.D.C.L. Paid-up Capital $15,000000 

JO-N AIRD GeneralMant^ * eSerVe Fu J d 13,500,000 

H. V. F. JONES Assistant General Manager Aggregate Resource 250,000,000 

London Office, 2. Lombard Street, E. C. 

New York Office, 16 Exchange Place 

Branches in all parts of Canada, including Yukon Territory 

and at Seattle, Wash., Portland, Ore., and Mexico City 

All Kinds of Commercial Banking Transacted 
Bruce Heathcote, Manager 
A. A. Wilson, Assistant Manager 

The Anglo & London Paris National Bank 


Paid-Up Capital S4.000.000 
Sarplin and Undiiid«d 

Profit! i2,010.809 

Total Reioureei 1*7.158.238 



Chairman of the Board 









AiiislaDl CnhUl 
AsaiiUnt Cftihivr 

Aifiitant Canhier 

^ German Savings & Loan Society 


S.-ivlngs Incorporated 1868 Commercial 

526 California Street San Francisco, Cal. 

Member ol tanks of San Fran-; 

The following Branches for Receipt and Payment of Depoc 

MISSION BRANCH, S. E. Corner Mission and 21st Streets 
RICHMOND DIST. BRANCH, S.W. Cor. Clement and 7th Ave. 
HAIGHT ST. BRANCH, S. W. Cor. Haight and Belvedere 

JUNE 30th, 1916: 

Assets $63,81 1 .228.81 

Deposits 60,727.194.92 

Capital actually paid up in Cash $1,000,000.00 

Reserve and Contingent Fund 2,084,033.89 

Employees* Pension Fund 222,725.43 

Number of Depositors 68,062 

Office Hours: 10 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock P. M., except Saturdays to 
12 o'clock M. and Saturday evenings from 6 o'clock P. M. to 8 o'clock P. M. 
for receipt of deposits only. 

For the 6 months endinp June 30th. 191»>. a dividend to depositors of 
eat per annum wi 


17 Years in City Sur . 

ami City Engineer's Office 


Itfa the 
Late Charles S. Tilton 


anccB lton 


i 406, Charleston Builflng-251 KEARNY STREET, San Fnncsct— Ploie Otvgiu 366 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 


William Sexton, dean of fire underwriters on the Pacific 
Coast, was laid to rest in Cypress Lawn Cemetery last Monday. 
The funeral was largely attended by fire insurance underwriters, 
to all of whom he was intimately known and by all respected. 
Mr. Sexton was long connected with the Fireman's Fund as gen- 
eral adjuster, and previously represented several large com- 
panies as general agent in their Pacific Coast field. In early 
days he was a field man and covered the entire Coast as spe- 
cial agent for the Fireman's Fund and other companies. He 
was the author of several valuable treatises on insurance, and 
a man of some general literary attainments. At the time of his 
death he had retired and enjoyed a pension from the local in- 
surance company with which he had been so long connected. He 

was a widower and leaves two married daughters and a son. 

* * * 

Circuit Justice Morrow of Portland, Ore., recently sustained 
the decision in a suit brought by Sam H. Davis that a man can- 
not recover for admitting his own dishonesty. Davis sought to 
recover money alleged to be due him for information given the 
Phoenix Assurance in a case where that company and thirty 
others were defrauded after a fire by having water 
thrown over an insured stock. Davis admitted having 
thrown the water, and his testimony relieved the insur- 
ance companies from liability. 

* * * 

The Insurance Brokers Exchange has carried into ef- 
fect its resolution adopted several months ago to donate 
to the Preservation League the sum of $10,000, value of 
its stock in the Panama-Pacific International Exposi- 

* * * 

0. B. Ryon, chief counsel for the National Board of 
Fire Underwriters, has been visiting local underwriters 
for a week past. On his way West he visited the under- 
writers of the principal cities en route. 

* * * 

The Board of Underwriters of the Pacific has notified 
the authorities of the city of Aberdeen, Wash., that rates 
on dwellings will be advanced in Grey's Harbor and 
charges made for defects. 

* * * 

A fire at Santa Ana, Cal., last week demonstrated the 
value of steel enclosed rooms for moving picture ma- 
chines. A fire caused by a breaking film was confined 
to the room until the audience had escaped without an 
injury, although damage of $2,500 was ultimately sus- 
tained by the theatre. 

* * * 

A series of experiments is being held by the West 
Coast Lumbermen's Association in the shingle mills of 
the Pacific Northwest to find some practical manner in 
which may be used in the future for their protection 
against fire. In this work, material assistance is being 
furnished by the United States Forestry Service. At 
a recent meeting it was announced that these experi- 
ments are bearing fruit, and that it is possible that in 
the near future shingles entirely fire-proof in character 
may be manufactured. At the same time, the lumber- 
men claim that shingles in themselves do not consti- 
tute a serious menace. 

* * * 

Although it was announced that the office of secre- 
tary to the Pacific Coast Adjustment Bureau had been 
abolished with the resignation of G. H. Ward, it is said 
that another man has been assigned to fill the vacancy. 

* * * 

Urged to action by the excessive loss ratio in Ore- 
gon, Insurance Commissioner Wells of that State has 
inaugurated an active campaign of fire prevention, and 
for the purpose of educating the public along this line 
has rented moving picture films depicting the cause of 
fires, and will give free exhibitions and lectures through- 
out Oregon. The course will cover a term of six weeks 
under his personal direction. 

The Connecticut Fire Ins. Co 




The Insurance Exchange, San Francisco 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager 




Fireman's Fund Insurance Co. 

Capital $1,500,000 Assets, $11,326,205 


The Home Insurance Company 

Organized 1863 

Cash Capital. J6. 000. 000 

Insurance on personal effects of tourists and temporary sojourners any- 
where In United States. Canada and Mexico. Insurance against loss by 
fire. Automohlle Insurance. Indemnity for loss of rental income by Are. 
H. I. ROFF. General Agent. J. J. SHEA HAN. Ass't General Agent 

333 California Street. 

ife udweiser — food 
p and drink s — . 
oqueeje the water out 
of $ood beer and uou 
ohave food left. ^> 
bqueeje the food out 
of $ood beer and uou 
c-jjhave pure water left 
15oth food and water 
arc necessaru to human 
life, yoxi&etboih 
in good beer " 


Bottled at the Brewery 

Anheuser-Busch, St.Louis. 

Tillmann & Bendel 
and Anheuser-Busch Agency 

Distributors SAN FRANCISCO, ( AL. 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 



Shall the Guide Posts be Removed from Highway? 

The action of the State Highway Com- 
mission in ordering the removals of the 
road markers placed along the highway 
by the B. F. Goodrich Co. appears to be 
rather an arbitrary exercise of power on 
the part of the commission, as Section 6 
of the Act providing for the. care and 
management of the State Highways gives 
the authorities the right to grant permits 
for the erection of such signs. 

In view of the fact that the Goodrich 
Co. has spent over $150,000 in this State 
alone on the erection of guide posts, this 
is in effect a contribution of that amount 
to the good roads of the State, as other- 
wise the money would have to be spent 
ultimately by the State itself in doing 
this work. The mere fact that the 
markers carry Goodrich advertising in no 
way detracts from their value as guides 
to travelers. 

At the present moment, as a concession 
from the Commission, the Goodrich Co. 
have been granted until December 1st 
to remove their signs. In the meantime 
all secretaries of auto associations and 
auto owners individually should express 
themselves to the Commission, which 
meets in Sacramento, and protest against 
the removal of these very useful mark- 

The Goodrich National Touring Bureau 
is co-operating with the Military Informa- 
tion Division of the war department at 
San Francisco, and has furnished Capt. 
Park of the Corps of Engineers of the 
Western Department, on his request, in- 
formation as to the location of all Good- 
rich Guide Posts in California, and also 
road signs posted by us in the territory of 
the Western Department. 

The guide posts will be of material 
benefit to the Federal government in the 
event of war. 

The States of Pennsylvania, New Jer- 
sey, Delaware, Maryland, New York, 
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont and 
New Hampshire, all have similar State 
laws regarding our signs as California, 
but they all allow Goodrich guide posts, 
recognizing in them a great public service. 

In fact, they not only allow them, but 
they have taken them under State protec- 
tion, and have fast laws making it a mis- 
demeanor to in any way mutilate these 
guide posts. 

Of the many bequests, both educational 
and charitable, which have been made to 

our municipal and State institution, this 
$150,000 gift has a far reaching effect 
both for community service and civic bet- 
terment, and has thus far been very large- 
ly overlooked, namely: The Goodrich 
guide posts on our California roads, sup- 
plemented by the Goodrich touring ser- 
vice in the way of free route books and 

Wherever the California motorists go 
— over valley or mountain, through for • 
ests or plain — not unlj within the State, 
but on all principal roads throughout the 
entire country as well, these Goodrich 
guide posts point the way. 

This guide posting effort is beyond 
question the most widespread service 
within the Golden State, for it serves the 
tourist not only where schools and 
churches are found, but acts also as a 
beacon in the wilderness. 

What is of as great importance and in- 
terest to California is the fact that this 
same guide post dots the landscape of 
the great arteries of automobile tourist 
travel to the Pacific Coast. 

Doubtless the average automobilist has 

accepted these black and white guide 
posts as a public service that somehow 
springs from the community or the com- 
monwealth. This widespread system of 
guidance, however, is purely a privately 
sponsored service, given gratuitously to 
the Pacific Coast from Tia Juana to Van- 
couver; and three trails of them thread 
back across the deserts to the East, along 
the motor traveling public of the Golden 

Its importance no driver who has trav- 
eled a road of which he is ignorant can 
over-estimate; and many a motorist has 
thanked the movement that placed this 
guide post on many an oft-traveled road 
when evening has caught him in the fast 
closing grip of darkness. Nevertheless, 
few automobilists have figured the cost 
of this widespread movement. Yet it is 
so easy. Each guide post represents an 
average cost of $10. On the Pacific Coast 
there are 30,000 of these markers of the 
motor trail. Of this number, at least 
half, probably more, are within the boun- 
daries of California. All the others con- 
tribute directly or indirectly to the service 
rendered California. Simple mathematics 
disclose a $150,000 gift to California. 


— By the Glad Sea Waves 

New Management — Popular 

Grand Casino 

Board Walk 

Surf Bathing 

Indoor Swimming Tank 

Casa del Rey 

and Cottage City 
Prices — Grill and Cafeteria 

Golf and Tennis 
Sea and River Fishing 
Mountain and Cliff Drives 
Big Trees 

Reduced Round Trip Fares From San Francisco 

*<) en Rnndai 

♦ Si 

*u t., 

fO TC 1 ri 

S4 OS 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Wonderful view of San Francisco, the bay and the hills of Sausallto and Belvedere from the Alta Summit o* the new State Highway 


By R. R. I'Hommedieu 

Late one afternoon some two weeks 
ago I received orders that an early start 
would be made on the following morning 
for some unbeaten path that had not been 
wheel-tracked by the motor car. The or- 
ders read: "We start on the 6:50 a. m. 
boat for Sausalito for a one day outing in 
some direction that has not been worn 
threadbare by the motor car." This was 
a nice how-do-you-do, to ask one to lay 
out a route for a one day's outing from 
San Francisco that might provide mater- 
ial for a story to tell the motorist of some 
unknown or unfamiliar section within a 
day's run of the city. The notice carried 
the information that the party was not to 
be of our own making, but was to be 
composed of visitors from the North. This 
gave a double responsibility to the trip, 
for not only were we to provide informa- 
tion lor our own friends at home, but we 

were to put our best foot forward and 
show our visitors what we had to offer 
in the way of the beauties of Californian 
scenery and climatic conditions. 

The road maps of Marin and Sonoma 
Counties were spread out. Everywhere 
we traced we found that we had, or some 
others had, pioneered these roads in 
print. Then our sub-conscious mind gave 
the suggestion of Bear Valley. The fact 
that we were to use a Pierce-Arrow, which 
stands for exclusiveness in motor car con- 
struction, was doubtless responsible for 
the suggestion. For in Bear Valley is lo- 
cated the country home of the Country 
Club, that club which is practically the 
most exclusive of its kind in California, if 
not the United States. While all members 
must be members of the Pacific Union 
Club, yet the exclusiveness is even car- 
ried further, for all members of the Pa- 

cific Union Club are not members of the 
Country Club. 

Years ago, before the day of the motor 
car, when we enjoyed the rest cure far 
away from the bustle of the city, we 
found a retreat in Inverness on Tomales 
Bay, then an almost unknown spot. While 
rusticating there we heard tales of the 
beauties of the scenery to be found on 
the Bear Valley road to the Country Club, 
and over to the ocean. Here was an inspi- 
ration; we at last found a road that had 
not been overplayed by the press. 

Crossing the ferry at the appointed 
time, our route led out through Sausa- 
lito over the new highway which we en- 
joyed for the first time since the City on 
the Hill had awakened to modern ideas, 
and brought its main street up to date. 
The road is a credit to Sausalito, and we 
must now forget all the hard things said 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


in the past of this town and road. From 
Sausalito we entered the new State High- 
way, which showed that the Commission 
had not been idle and had constructed a 
splendid link in the coast route. On to 
Alta we rolled along to the limit of the 
law, and there went over the new grade 
laid out over the old stage route into 
Larkspur, cutting out the hard climb over 
the Alta grade. 

By this time we had become so famil- 
iar with one another that we could re- 
member what every initial of our friends' 
names stood for. Instead of being the 
fifth wheel of the wagon, we realized 
we were a part of a most enjoyable com- 
pany. Up over the grade bowled the car 
at an easy 30 mile clip, the pace being 
held down by the speed law. This was 
not conducive to a very comprehensive 
view of the beautiful country through 
which we were passing, but as Bear Val- 
ley was our destination, we hurried on, 
so that we might reach our objective 
point in time to take pictures. On through 
Larkspur, Corte Madera, Escalle, The 
"Holy City" of arks, just awakening, the 
car sped on to Ross Valley and San An- 
selmo. Here we took the road to the left 
through Fairfax and over White's Hill to 
Camp Taylor. 

To us who were familiar with this part 
of the journey it was our one desire to 
get on to the unknown country. White's 
Hill, however, was not passed unnoticed, 
for as we climbed up that steep mountain 
many were the compliments paid to the 
Pierce-Arrow in the way it surmounted 
that grade which in the early days of the 
motor car was considered one of the most 
trying and dangerous roads in this section 
of the State. In fact, it was considered 
so dangerous that the supervisors of Ma- 
rin County absolutely forbade its use by 
motor cars. It was not until the State 
law was enacted that motorists were al- 
lowed to drive over it. Once over White's 
Hill, we passed through the beautiful 
country of Lagunitas, thence on to Camp 
Taylor and then over to Tocoloma. From 
Tocoloma it was merely a two mile run 
up over a slight grade into Olema. At 
Olema our knowledge of the road ended, 
and it necessitated our seeking road in- 
formation to find the highway into Bear 
Valley. It was here that we had our first 
foreboding, for we were informed that 
motor cars were not allowed in the "Val- 
ley." However, we thought this merely 
a local restriction, and as we were not 
out driving merely for pleasure, but gath- 
ering information for a story of the splen- 
dor of Californian scenery, we felt that 
we might enjoy special privileges, and be 
allowed to enter where the general public 
was forbidden. 

After a mile run out of Olema, we 
reached the Howard ranch, and suddenly 
came to a stop, the road being barred by 
a sign which absolutely prohibited our 
further advances. Even then we felt that 
we might have a chance to enter Bear 
Valley, and hunted up the authorities. 
This road is over private property, and 
we found that our worst fears were to be 
realized, for even the members of the ex- 
clusive Country Club could not take their 
motor cars over this road. They were re- 
quired to leave them at the Howard ranch 
and be conveyed in by horses. The rea- 
son for this is that the road running up 
over the mountain is too narrow to allow 
its use by motor cars, as there are but 
very few places where even teams may 
pass. This put an end to all our hopes, 
and after a council of war it was decided 
to spend the rest of the day touring i 
and around this section, which is one of 
the most interesting near San Francisco. 

Leaving the Howard Ranch, we ran up 

to Inverness. The road is along the edge 
of Tomales Bay, which on the day we 
were there, looked like a deserted marsh, 
for it was at the time of the low tide, and 
the waters were out seeking communion 
with old ocean. However, we saw Paper 
Mill Creek and also were just in time 
to see a devotee of Isaac Walton land a 
dandy, big salmon trout. This is not a 
fish story, but the real thing. Reaching 
Inverness, we decided to go on to what 
is known as the "Second Valley." Inver- 
ness is now quite a summer resort, and 
instead of about three houses that held 
forth when we, years ago, seeked the rest 
cure in its quietness, there are hundreds. 
Journeying on into the "Second Val- 
ley," which has not become so popular, 
we were able to use our camera to good 
effect. Leaving the "Second Valley," we 
retraced our journey to Tocoloma, where 
a stop for luncheon was made. Two 
o'clock saw us under way once again 
homeward bound, but not at the pace with 

In the poplar grove on the way to Inverness 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Among the pines nearlng White's Hill grade 

which we had come up, for our visitors 
wished to appreciate the wonderful coun- 
try through which they had rushed in 
the morning. 

Our next stop was at Camp Taylor for 
a rest and a quiet smoke under the shade 
of the redwoods. There was something 
in the grove at Camp Taylor when we 
lay aside to rest that took us out of the 
prosaic world and carried us into a 
dreamland of ideas. No one cared to 
talk; each in his own way was giving free 
reign to imagination, painting mental pic- 
tures of "The Land of To-morrow." It 
seemed a shame that that vandal, the lum- 
berjack, had ever been allowed to com- 
mit his depredation amongst the few 
trees at Camp Taylor. The dollars gained 

a few years ago could never make up for 
the loss of pleasure these trees would give 
to-day. Noble trees have been ruthlessly 
cut down to make a few boards. They 
stand to-day as tombstones of man's 

There in front of us stood the noble 
"Princess Sequoia," cut down, marred, 
charred, but yet not to be denied. For up 
around her had grown her daughters, 
which mirrored the wonder and beauty of 

A castoff and forgotten stump, but to- 
day the "Mother Queen of the Redwood 
Ring." These rings now make up the 
grove at Camp Taylor. As we sat enjoy- 
ing this wonderful spot we wondered 
whether Bear Valley, with all its vaunted 

beauty, had anything more beautiful to 
offer than this sublime grove; whether 
its roads were more shaded, more 
picturesque than those over which we 
had traveled along the side of Tomales 
Bay, in through the popular groves and 
other places. 

Our dreamings were brought to a close 
with the thought that time and the sun 
wait for no man, and that we were due in 
the city that day. Once again under way 
we were soon over White's Hill and into 
San Anselmo. We decided to return by 
the road north of the railroad, as we had 
come up in the morning on the southerly 
highway. This took us through the de- 
lightful section of Ross Valley, with its 
tree canopied streets, its bungalows 
nearly smothered with roses, while the 
air is heavily laden with the fragrance of 
blooms that seemed banked solidly 
around the houses on every hand. At 
Kentfield, we merged into the road we had 
taken in the morning, but in coming up 
we had missed a most beautiful view of 
Mount Tamalpais that is only recognized 
when returning to the city. 

Once again under way we turned to Es- 
calle, the "Holy City" of arks. To-day 
there are hundreds of arks where fifteen 
years ago there was merely a handful, 
and it was from these pioneers that it de- 
rived its name. The arks in days gone 
were scattered over Richardson's Bay off 
Sausalito and Belvedere Cove in the sum- 
mer time, and when the winter rains, 
winds and storms approached, the owners 
would tow their house-boats up the Corit 
Madera Creek beyond Greenbrae to what 
was then called the "Holy City." This 
name was derived from the fact that the 
owners would leave their cares and wor- 
ries behind them on a Saturday night and 
journey on to Corte Madera Creek to 
spend Sunday aboard their floating home, 
and it was from these weekly journeys 
taken over the Sabbath that some wit 
gave the anchorage its name. 

Back on the State Highway the jour- 
ney was continued, but a side trip had 
to be made up to what is known as the 
Larkspur Canyon to enjoy the beauties of 
the redwoods in this spot. Back again, 
we were soon at the summit of the grade. 
With the sun sinking low in the West 
just topping the mountains, we enjoyed a 
most wonderful picture of San Francisco 
in the distance. At our feet lay the head- 
waters of Richardson Bay, and we could 
follow it until it blended into the San 





Home Industry 


The owner of a New 

Peerless Eight 

is in possession of 
one of the greatest motor car values ever produced 

e has Profited by the high develop- 

nt of the Peerless Manufacturing and 

\ ;tallurgical Departments, and by our 

K icentration on the building of this one 


e enjoys Luxury, unimpeachable 

i le and ease-of-riding, developed 

ough long years of experience. These 

: characteristics for which Peerless 

motor cars have always been famous 
among the few great makes that dominate 
the quality market in America. 

JV1 aster of Hills and hard going, he 
sees on the road no exhibition of speed or 
get-away to excite his envy. 

His Ownership of a new model is secure. 
Changes made for the sole purpose of 

stimulating sales impose premai 
preciation upon the owner of th( 
seded model and cannot result 
lasting benefit to the manufacture 

1 his Company is committed totl 
equitable policy of making chang 
product only when these change 
in real improvement. 

Touring $1890 

Roadster $1890 


THE PEERLESS MOTOR CAR COMPANY licensed inder karoo company patents] CLEVELAND, OHIO 

Makers also of PEERLESS TRUCKS 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Francisco Bay off Sausalito. 

To the left was Belvedere, with the 
ribbon stretch of land over which the 
United States government fought for 
years, claiming that it was tide-washed 
and that Belvedere, instead of being a 
peninsula, was an island, hoping to claim 
it as a Federal possession. The courts, 
however, declared Belvedere a peninsula, 
the government lost, and a most delightful 
spot from a residential standpoint was 
sold to the State. Then beyond this could 
be seen the blue waters of San Francisco 
Bay, and far beyond — the white houses, 
the well defined streets of the city. 

As we sat enjoying this marvelous pic- 
ture, we wondered again whether Bear 
Valley, with its view of the ocean, had 
anything to offer more enchanting to the 
eye than this picture. We felt satisfied, 
although we had not been able to pene- 
trate the sacred domain of Bear Valley, 
yet felt more than repaid for the trouble 
of the journey in what we had enjoyed 
over this hundred mile run in Marin 

Rolling along on the State Highway in- 
to Sausalito over its fine roads, we ran 
up to the Ferry station just as the line 
of cars were moving on the boat. We 
could not have judged our time better ; we 
were the last to go aboard, just in time to 
escape an annoying wait, and three-quar- 
ters of an hour later we bid adieu to our 
friends of the day, feeling that although 
we had not discovered Bear Valley we 
had upheld, however, the reputation of 
California as an ideal spot for the motor- 
ist, and which was confirmed by the en- 
thusiastic compliments of those who had 
come from the North. 

S S 5 


It is not a matter of any difficulty to 
remove a tire from a rim, when done with 
the L. & L. Handy Tire Tool, which takes 
cate of either clincher or straight side- 
type of casing, whether they are slightly 

Mount Tamalpais in all its glory as the sun was setting in the West 

undersized or rusted on, for the rim is 
broken and collapses several inches, mak- 
ing it impossible for the tire to cling to 
Ihe rim. This remover has two arms 
linked to a handle acting as a lever, either 
expanding or contracting their combined 
lengths, which can be adjusted by means 
of notches. 

To unlock the rim, the claws at the end 
of the arms are placed over the rim 
flanges, and the lever is moved so as to 
break the split and contract the rim. To 
replace the rim, the operation is reversed. 
The device is distributed by John C. 
Hoof & Co., 38 South Dearborn street, 
Chicago, 111., at the price of two dollars. 



For the unexpected Guest 
Have your grocer send you 
^-^ a package of - 


Awarded Cold Medal — Highest Honor 
India- Ceylon Teas — San Francisco, 1915 


July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


Miss Claire Rochester, the beautiful young vaudeville artist, arriving at the City Hall after an eleven clay trip across the continent in .- n Apperson 
"Roadaplane." Although the car had Just come from the factory, It made the Journey without trouble 

What are the Limitations of Speed ? 

One of the strongest of human attri- 
butes is the admiration of and the long- 
ing for swift motion. Rapid movement 
affords an outlet for pent-up nervous en- 
ergy; and there is almost no length to 
which mankind will not go to experience 
or to witness it. 

In terms of correct record the automo- 
bile ha* produced the world's highest 
speed, and, seemingly, still higher — much 
higher — speeds are to come, for motors 
have far from reached the limits of their 
development. Speedways are now much 
faster than the cars which use them, and 
they also can be developed as may be 

What are the limiting factors within the 
car itself? How fast can the fastest car 
be made to go? Speculation leads no- 
where, but science and experience teach 
that the ultimate will be determined by 
the designer's ambition, rather than by 
the hindering laws of nature. 

Speed is one of the dominant factors 
of human existence ; civilization itself de- 

pends upon speed in one form or another. 
It is the ability, not only to do bigger 
things, but to do them faster, that is the 
distinguishing mark of modern times. 
Speed is the great goal — speed in trans- 
mitting intelligence, speed in producing 
the things necessary to life, speed in mak- 
ing money — and speed in losing it, too — 
and speed in transportation. 

As speed is the essence of the more ser- 
ious side of life, it follows quite naturally 
that speed is the essence of the highest 
forms of sport. Public favor is bestowed 
upon speed, whatever form it may take, 
and from the earliest times down to to-day 
it has been the custom to select, develop 
and bring into competition the speediest 
forms of locomotion, whether animal, hu- 
man or mechanical. This has resulted in 
the evolution of the racing automobile, 
which now holds the palm for speed. No 
other machine, whether running on rails 
or not, has made speed equal to that of 
the automobile, so far as authenticated 
records are concerned. 

So rapid has been the increase of speed 
of the automobile — in 20 years the rate 
has risen from 20 miles an hour to more 
than 100 miles for sustained speed and 
more than 140 miles an hour for short 
spurts — that there has ensued not a little 
prognostication and argument as to when, 
if ever, speeds of 125 or 150 miles an hour 
shall be attained. It is true that 100 
miles an hour still has a rather strange 
twang to the ear, and adding 25 or 50 per 
cent to that seems to be a proceeding of 
some difficulty. 

Above and beyond all this, however, 
there looms the bulk of a huge question, 
which is seldom asked, perhaps because 
of the small chance of a satisfactory an- 

"What is the possible ultimate speed 
of the automobile? What is it that pre- 
vents the automobile from attaining that 
speed ?" 

Discarding all practical considerations 
and plunging at once into the realm of 
pure theory, the ultimate speed of any 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

body moving through the atmosphere is 
something less than 1,800 miles an hour, 
for at that speed, according to Lord Kel- 
vin, the friction of the atmosphere is so 
great that ignition occurs. This point, 
however, is not one that will cause de- 
signers much worry. Other limiting fac- 
tors will call a halt at speeds quite a bit 
short of 1,800 miles an hour. 

Speedways or tracks may be dismissed 
at once as possible limiting factors. The 
present ovals with concave banking are 
considerably faster than the cars, and de- 
velopment along present lines will per- 
mit speeds as high as can be attained 
without resorting to straightaway courses. 
Such considerations as surface conditions 
are detail problems which are solved as 
solutions become necessary. The answer 
to the question must be looked for in the 
car itself. 

There was a time when the motor was 
the limiting factor. The attainment of 
the then limit of speed depended upon 
getting sufficient power into the limits 
prescribed by considerations of weight 
and space. That time, however, has 
passed, and in all probability never will 
return. There is now no serious problem 
involved in putting into a car much more 
power than it can use. 

It is the ultimate which is under con- 
sideration, however, and not more or less 
immediate possibilities, and it is fair 
to assume that it will be necessary to go 
much further than we have as yet gone 
in the production of light and compact 
power plants. The present racing motor 
is built along lines which, it is evident, 
soon will converge with the lines along 
which the aeronautical motor is being 
built. By the time the two are practically 
identical there will be considerably more 
power available for a given weight and 
space, than there now is. When this 
point has been passed — and it is the opin- 
ion ot many engineers that it will mark 
the point beyond which the four-cycle 
motor cannot be greatly developed — it is 
highly probable that some other type of 
motor will have come to the front. There 
is always the possibility of the internal 
combustion turbine — which undoubtedly 
is somewhat remote — and of the two-cy- 
cle motor, which offers possibilities that 
are extremely alluring while presenting 
problems by no means insurmountable, 
in the light of what engineers have ac- 
complished when pushed a little. 

As an indication of the possibilities in 
motor development it may be recalled 
that there is the 75 or 80 per cent of heat 
wasted through the exhaust and the water 
jackets waiting to be reclaimed, and it is 
a very poor compliment to engineers of 
the future to assert that they cannot dis- 
cover some way of doing better than ex- 

tracting 20 horsepower from 100 horse- 
power worth of fuel. 

Taking all these things into considera- 
tion, it is not unreasonable to assume that 
the question of power is, and will continue 
to be, one that will not be a deciding fac- 
tor in the attainment of the ultimate 

Means and materials for the construc- 
tion of the power transmitting elements 
of the car always have progressed at least 
as rapidly as requirements have demand- 
ed. While the energy to be carried has in- 
creased largely, the higher motor speeds 
and the flattening of the power impulse 
waves have greatly assisted in the de- 
sign and construction of adequate trans- 
mission systems, and as the tendency is 
clearly toward still higher speeds and still 
flatter impulse waves, transmission prob- 
lems may be set aside with those con- 
nected with the motor. 

Accidents due to the failure of parts 
are becoming annually more rare — they 
are decreasing as speed increases. Loss 
of control at enormous speeds, due to 
sudden derangement of the human me- 
chanism controlling the car, conceivably 
can be counteracted by the employment 
of automatic brakes and steering mechan- 
ism which would keep the car on its 
course until it came to a standstill. En- 
closing the driver will remove him wholly 
from the effects of air pressure and per- 
mit him to concentrate upon the control 
of his car. 

The internal resistance of the car — in 
other words friction — is not in itself a 
serious obstacle to ultimate speed. It is 
readily calculable, and its elimination as 
a factor is dependent merely upon the 
provision of sufficient power to overcome 
it and still have the additional energy 
needed to drive the car. 

More serious than any of the problems 
referred to is that of air resistance. Even 
this, however, is not as bad as it might be, 
despite the fact that it increases as the 
cube of the speed. In the first place, the 
piling up of resistance means simply the 
augmenting of the power of the motor 
sufficiently to overcome that resistance. 
In the second place, it seems that it is 
possible to considerably reduce the pro- 
jected area of a racing car and so bring 
down the air resistance. 

In a car built for the highest possi- 
ble speed over short distances there 
should be no necessity for a second man, 
or if a second man is carried, his place 
should be behind and directly in line 
with the driver. This will reduce the 
width of the body to the absolute mini- 
mum, and in fact will bring it to less than 
the width of the engine hood, which im- 
mediately suggests that the hood itself 
may well be dispensed with. Motors are 

so nearly enclosed now that a very little 
more will cover and protect them as com- 
pletely as does the hood, and the idea is 
completed by giving to the forward end 
of the engine an air-cutting form and fill- 
ing the space between the engine and the 
diminutive dashboard with a suitable 
sheet metal shroud, which might contain 
the radiator. Thus the projected area of 
the car above the frame would be but lit- 
tle more than that of the driver's body. 

It should not be assumed that too sum- 
mary a disposition has been made of the 
foregoing matters. It is true that there are 
many detail problems involved, and that 
many of them are of considerable diffi- 
culty. It is also true, however, that the 
solutions involve development along lines 
that are already well established; that 
none of the improvements involved will 
be of as great magnitude as many that 
have been made within the last couple of 





Select your Ores 
as you select your 
wearing apparel. 
Every little added to 
popular price means j 
a great deal more y 
added to the wear- 
ing quality. 

Marathons are 
hand-made, of the 
best materials known, 
wrapped- tread and 
unit-cured — a d d i ng 
greatly to their man- 
ufacturing cost. 

Their small price 
difference over pop- 
ular-priced tires is 
repaid man y times over 

Fabric and Whip-Cord Tires 

Guaranteed 5000 Miles 

California Tire & Rubber Co. 


W. H. HOMER. General Manager 


Telephone Market 3737 San Francisco 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


decades; and, finally, there can be no 
doubt whatever that another ten or twenty 
years will put engineers in possession of 
facts and formulae, materials and meth- 
ods, that are not now available, and, in- 
deed, are not even considered altogether 
as probabilities. 

Assuming, then, that this position is 
approximately correct, what is there that 
stands in the way of developing a light- 
ning-like car that will make present-day 
speeds look as insignificant, as humorous, 
as the speeds of cars of twenty years ago 
look to-day? 

That part of the car which establishes 
contact with the ground — which receives 
all the power and transmits all the resist- 
ance — the tire, is seemingly a more criti- 
cal factor where enormous speeds are 
concerned than any other of which we 
are at present cognizant. 

It has been ascertained by means of 
carefully conducted investigations that 
the best tire that can be built, carrying a 
perfectly balanced car, running on an 
idealiy favorable surface, subjected to no 
sidesway and no added load due to the 
centrifugal force of the car, such as it 
would be called upon to resist in running 
on steep banking, will stand a speed of 
four miles a minute for a distance of half 
a mile. That is to say, it would run for 
7.5 seconds at the rate of 240 miles an 

It is perfectly obvious, however, that 
such conditions are neither more nor less 
than impossible to present comprehen- 
sion, and that the practical limit of the 
best tires we know how to build is very 
considerably 'ess — so much less, in fact, 
that the speeds of to-day are often quite 
close to the limit as is permissible, tak- 
ing into consideration the possibilities of 
failure due to causes which cannot be 
foreseen, or, if foreseen, cannot be fore- 

The responsibility which rests upon the 
tire is enormous. It must carry the weight 
of the car, and this is a continually vary- 
ing quantity because of periodic spring 
surging induced by inequalities, however 
slight, of the track surface, and because 
of the stresses, having the effect of 
weight, piled up by centrifugal force 
when the car swings up on the track bank- 
ing. It must resist the terrific lateral 
stresses that are incidental to sudden 
changes of direction and to side sway. 
It must stand the tremendous friction due 
to slipping when the traction is less than 
the applied power, which happens when 
the motor is opened up suddenly, when 
the car iumps after passing over a slight 
bump and when brakes are applied harsh- 
ly; and finally it must transmit to the 
ground the entire available energy of the 
motor, and still have sufficient margin of 

This fair sportswoman has arrived at her camp in a Studebaker car. Just what she is fishing for 
is not shown; but if it's for compliments, she has one now. Isn't she a beauty? 

resistance to failure to insure reasonable 
safety to the driver and the car. 

To permit the huge increases of speed 
which seem possible from a mechanical 
point of view the tire must be capable of 
withstanding very much greater stresses 
than at present. Increase of speed clear- 
ly involves an increase of power, and an 
increase of power will be useless if that 
power cannot be transmitted from the tire 
to the ground — in other words, there must 
be traction. Traction is dependent upon 
the weight on the tires. 

Were a car hitched to a draw spring of 
huge resistance and driven forward, it 
would tighten the spring, gradually in- 
creasing the resistance. Assuming that 
the motor would not stall, it would con- 
tinue to stretch the spring until the point 
was reached where the resistance became 
so great that the tires slipped. If more 
weight were placed on the tires more 
power might be applied, and the spring 

further stretched before the tires slipped 
again, and so on. 

When it is considered that the tires, un- 
der extreme speed conditions, will be sub- 
jected to stresses which will increase so 
fast that there would appear to be little 
hope of rubber and fabric being able to 
resist them, it becomes apparent that 
there is a great opportunity for the de- 
velopment of radical tire ideas. 

Atmospheric resistance to the forward 
progress ot the car is much like a spring 
of infinite capacity, and sooner or later 
the point is reached where no more 
power can be applied without adding 
weight to give traction. If power is ap- 
plied without the requisite weight on the 
tires, the tires will slip. The tires, there- 
fore, must be able to stand an increasing 
load as the speed increases, in weight as 
well as in power transmission, unless 
some suitable material is discovered that 
will increase the coefficient of friction. 



\\ or 
Motor Boal 




por hr tance. 
50 yards . 
1 mile .. 


J miles 

, . . 50.1 1 mile 

1 mile . . 
mile .. 

26.6 miles 
i mile . . 
I.K 111 7. . 1 mile 


6m. 25 4-i 

im. 7.5s. , 



ler. ity 

I • P 
.O. H. <: 
D. J. El 

I > ofatblesen ... 

II If. B 



San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Villa Punitive Expedition Enriching Mexican Peons 

Some Interesting Sidelights on the 300-Mile Drive into Old Mexico 

By Henry Farrington 

How an aeroplane killed a calf and the 
truck drivers exchanged empty gasoline 
cans for a chicken dinner are among the 
anecdotes related by Geo. Kimball, a mo- 
tor truck mechanic recently returned from 
Mexico. Kimball is one of the shop men 
sent to Mexico by The Thomas B. Jef- 
fery Company with the second contingent 
of 54 Jeffery Quad Trucks. He arrived 
at El Paso, Texas, on March 21st last with 
a trainload of trucks, drove overland with 
the Quads to Columbus, N. M., and was 
assigned to a truck train leaving for 

Along with the other civilian truck 
drivers, Kimball was rigged out with a 
new army uniform, a rifle with 50 rounds 
of ammunition and a Colt automatic with 
100 cartridges, but was given strict or- 

ders not to do any shooting except in self- 
defense. In over two months of service 
in Mexico, not even a sniper fired at Kim- 
ball's truck train, and the only exciting 
experience with the Mexican inhabitants 
was in dickering with the native peddlers 
who sold food at famine prices to the 
American soldiers and truck drivers. 

The first trip was to Bocas Grande, 33 
miles across the border, passing, on the 
way, the grave of McKinney, one of the 
Americans murdered by Villa's bandits 
a short time before the raid on Columbus. 

A Waterless Desert 

The first day's run covered 85 miles 
through desert country. Ascension, a 
small army camp, was the first stop. 
Eight of the Quads unloaded supplies 

and ammunition for the soldiers, and the 
following day the trucks proceeded to 
Big Bend, 27 miles further south. At Big 
Bend the empty trucks were assigned to 
passenger duty, transporting soldiers be- 
tween camps. The return trip, to Ascen- 
sion and back, was made in 4 3 4 hours, 
which was quick work, considering the 
heavy going. This run was mostly over 
prairie land, badly cut up by the trans- 
port vehicles, and including one rather 
steep mountain. 

The eight truck drivers waited under 
orders at Big Bend for six days, expect- 
ing to transport soldiers to the scene of a 
rumored attack on the line of communica- 
tions. But it was a false alarm. So the 
trucks were ordered to Casas Grandes, 
where they rejoined the rest of the train 

Who wouldn't go to the front with this lovely young soldierette In her Studebaker car? A new costume developed by M preparedness.' 

July 29, 1916. 

and California Advertiser 


which in the meantime had made a trip 
south to General Pershing's headquar- 
ters, "somewhere in Mexico." At the lat- 
ter place it was very cold. The radia- 
tors were drained of water, to prevent 
damage from freezing, and in the morn- 
ing the water in the buckets were cov- 
ered with 1V 2 inches of ice. 

Famine Prices for Pie 

During the early days of the expedition 
before the commissariat was fully organ- 
ized, the men often went hungry and 
thirsty. The native Mexicans and China- 
men reaped a fine harvest during this per- 
iod. They would come into camp with 
seven or eight burros hitched to a little 
wagon, and bake pies to sell to the men 
"at seven different prices," as one of 
them put it. The prices charged were 
outrageous, and half of the stuff was not 
fit to eat. 

Much of the country covered by the 
expedition is practically worthless at 
present. The only trees are cottonwoods 
growing along the rivers. There is good 
grazing land within a mile or so of the 
rivers, but the rest is desert, sparsely 
covered with mesquite and cactus. There 
seems to be no fish in the streams, which 
usually dry up in the hot seasons. For 
miles and miles the only birds are buz- 
zards, which live off the dead animals 
and men that line the trails and various 
battlefields. Where irrigation is prac- 
ticed, as on the Corralitos and other Am- 
erican owned ranches, the land is pro- 

The people appear to be dazed most 
of the time. Their adobe houses are of- 
ten in ruins as a result of bandit raids. 
They seem to have had all the ambition 
crushed out of them. At first they used 
to hide when the truck trains passed 
through. Later, when they found the 
Americans did not molest them, they 
stared at the trucks in a spirit of listless 

Villa Money No Good 

One little girl of about seven, with 
straight black hair, was more enterpris- 
ing than the rest. She wanted to sell a 
few eggs to the soldiers. One of the 
doughboys, who had learned Spanish in 
the Philippines, acted as interpreter. A 
truck driver look the eggs and handed 
the girl a Villa dollar bill, but she quick- 
ly reached for her basket and handed 
back the money, saying that government 
paper wasn't good any more. Kimball 
then gave her a buffalo nickel, which she 
examined curiously. Then he gave her 
four more, whereupon her face lit up, and 
she gave him the eggs and thanked him 

The same young lady as shown on the opposite page dons mufti, but retains the same Studebaker 
car. This picture is remarkable as shown that the eyes can be more deadly than the sword 

Chickens were not so cheap. They 
cost anywhere from $1 to $2 each, Am- 
erican money. At Namiqulipa, however, 
the natives exchanged chickens for 
empty gasoline cans which the drivers 
were about to throw away after filling 
their truck trains. The train crew got 
thirty chickens in this way, and there 
was a good supper in camp that night. 
The natives prize these cans very highly. 
They sell them for $2 apiece up in the 
mountains. The cans are used for 
carrying water. 

Who Killed the Calf? 

At Big Bend, some of the boys brought 
in a calf, which duly appeared in edible 
form at breakfast next morning. The cap- 
tain immediately called for the camp 
cook, to'ask him how he acquired the ani- 
mal, for it was strictly against the rule 

to shoot, except in self defense. "All I 
know, sir," said the cook, "is what I 
heard from some of the civilians. They 
said that an aeroplane flying overhead 
dropped a monkey-wrench, which hit the 
poor little calf on the head, sir, and being 
a perfectly good calf we thought we'd 
like to have him for breakfast, sir." 

Kimball highly praised the soldiers 
with the truck train. They were excellent 
fellows, willing to do all in their power 
to assist. Their only amusements were 
poker and craps, the latter game being 
especially popular among the colored 
troopers. Within a couple of days of 
pay day, practically all the soldiers' 
money would be in the pockets of one or 
two winners. The train crew were no 
respecters of property rights. Even the 
tin eating pans disappeared miraculously 
if left for a moment without a guardian. 


San Francisco News Letter 

July 29, 1916. 

Tools for the trucks were especially 
prized as loot. 

A Motor Truck Corral 

Only once was there any threat of trou- 
ble from Mexican bandits, as far as Truck 
Train No. 4 was concerned. This hap- 
pened at Las Cruces, where the train ar- 
rived one evening at seven o'clock. The 
camp captain had been warned that an 
attack was to be made that night. So 
the trucks were corcaled in a hollow cir- 
cle, sentries were posted, and the men 
ordered into the trenches. Everybody 
was nervous and excited. The truck 
drivers cleaned up their rifles and recov- 
ered their ammunition from the tool 
boxes of the trucks. There was little 
sleep that night, but nothing happened. 
Afterwards it developed that the bandits 
in question raided a Mexican town about 
20 miles away, where the natives were 
reported to have a lot of good American 
coin acquired from selling supplies to 
the soldiers. It's dangerous to have real 
money in Mexico. 

?r ?r S 


His Highness, the Duke of Connaught, 
in his capacity as Governor General of 
Canada, has probably inspected a greater 
number of troops in the past year than 
any other man in the British Empire. 

A good two-thirds of the Canadian 
overseas contingent have passed under 

his critical eyes in the various training 
camps and recruiting points in Canada. 
During his recent visit to Port Arthur, 
Ont, to review the troops of the 52d Bat- 
talion, now seeing active service in 
France, he used a Chalmers Six as a 
means of quick transportation. In the 
photograph taken in front of the Port 
Arthur Armory, the Duke of Connaught 
is seated at the left in the rear seat. At 
his side is Col. Rutton, District Com- 

The Chalmers Six used on the occasion 
had been driven 16,000 miles in livery 
service. The only attention given the 
car was the removal of carbon deposit af- 
ter 14,000 miles, and the original set of 
spark plugs is still in position. 

S J ! 




Republic is again forging to the front 
in a business way abroad, says F. V. 
Springer, Manager of the Export Depart- 
ment, The Republic Rubber Company, 
Youngstown, Ohio. 

After giving the Youngstown tires 
grueling tests on some fifteen or more 
heavy cars, one of the largest firms in 
Havana. Cuba, decided to handle and 
push Republic tires exclusively. 

The new representative says there is 
a great demand for an extra good tire in 

Cuba, owing to the severe road and cli- 
matic conditions a tire is subjected to in 
that part of the country. The average 
life of the tires handled heretofore, he 
says, amounted to only two or three 

Mr. Springer reports that business on 
the island is generally prosperous, es- 
pecially among the sugar and tobacco in- 

Other connections of importance to Re- 
public, as well as pleasing to its many 
friends, are their new representations in 
Sydney, Australia, San Salvador and Val- 
paraiso. Several carloads of Republic 
Quality tires and tubes are now on their 
way to these new distributors. 
* * * 

Prodium Process Rubber is an entirely 
new rubber compound, discovered and 
exclusively controlled by The Republic 
Rubber Company. 

Prodium Process Rubber is so tough 
that even fresh crushed rock doesn't cut 
and gash it. This toughness gives it ex- 
cessive strength. For proof of its wonder- 
ful strength, The Republic Rubber Com- 
pany will send you a sample strip almost 
as thin as a match stick, challenging any 
one to try and break it. So far they have 
found but very few people with sufficient 
strength to break these narrow strips. 

Special compounding enables Prodium 
Process Rubber to be worn down as even- 
ly and smoothly as a piece of fine steel. 
Due to its wearing down in such an even 

His Highness, the Duke of Connaught. and staff, In a Chalmers "Six" 

July 29, 1916. 

manner, its weatherproof features protect 
the fabric of a tire from moisture, thus 
eliminating decaying of fabric which re- 
sults in blowouts. 

This wonderful compound, with its sci- 
entifically constructed Staggard Anti-Skid 
tread, greatly reduces heat and friction. 

a* s s- 


The United States Mfg. Co., Mansfield, 
O., lists three styles of jacks, one being 
a tire saver made in two sizes, the smaller 
having an adjustment of from 11 to I8V2 
inches, for pleasure cars, and the larger 
an adjustment of from 12 to 20 inches, for 
heavy pleasure cars or trucks. The lever 
is so arranged that when the jack is 
raised it is automatically locked. The 
unique No. 2 jack is a malleable iron de- 
sign for heavy pleasure cars and has an 
adjustment of from 9]/ 2 to 17 inches. It 
requires about 30 pounds' pressure on the 
end of the handle to lift a heavy pleasure 
car. No rivets are used in its construc- 
tion, and screw holes are provided so that 
it may be mounted on a large block of 
wood for stability. The Unique No. 1 
jack is similar in design to the tire saver 
and is recommended for cars weighing up 
to 2,500 pounds. It has an adjustment of 
from 9V 2 to 17 inches. They are listed 
at $14. 

?r 3 3 


A new type of auxiliary spring for 
Ford cars has been developed in the Du- 
plex cantilever spring, an accessory 
which is being put on the market by the 
Duplex Cantilever Spring Co., Chicago. 
Upon each end of both front and rear 
springs, one of the Duplex springs is fast- 
ened, the upper end being secured at 
about half the distance to the middle of 
the standard Ford spring; the lower end 
under the front spring is attached to the 
present Ford perch and the front spring 
suspended from the Duplex spring, pro- 
ducing a cantilever action. This is said 
to eliminate side-sway and promote easy 
riding of the body. The rear Duplex 
springs attach to the perch in the same 
manner and add S inches to the span of 
the ordinary Ford spring. A set costs 

» Z » 


In order to prevent the foot from slip- 
ping off the clutch or brake pedal, the G. 
H. Rives Mfsr. Co., 69 Warren street. New 
York City, is placing on the market the 
Rives Auto-Pedal Never-Slip. a device 
made of rubber of the same consistency 
and adhesive power as the rubber heel. 

and California Advertiser 

It is attached to brake and clutch pedals 
of various makes of motor cars by a 
nickeled steel clamping device. These 
pads are made in seven different shapes 
and sizes intended to fit any make of 
pedal, and sell for $1 per set. Besides 
holding the foot to the pedal, the pad acts 
as a cushion and rest for the foot. It is a 
non-conductor of the heat of the motor, it 
saves the soles of the driver's shoes from 
the abrasive wear of the steel contact, 
and insures safety in the foot control of 
the machine. 

o- 3 S 


The Butler Manufacturing Co., Kansas 
City, Mo., which for several years has 
manufactured metal garages, now builds 
these structures with sides and ends 
straight and the roof rounded in a semi- 
circle, a pattern adopted because it al- 
lows the use of a minimum of material 
and reduces the cost. The body and ends 
are of No. 24 gauge sheets heavily cor- 
rugated and constructed in sections. The 
garages may be enlarged by the addition 
of new sections. A garage 10 feet wide 
by 14 feet long, with door 7 feet wide by 
7.2 high, sells for $104.50. One measur- 
ing 12 feet wide by 14 feet long, with 
door 8 feet by 8 feet, costs $119; garage 
14 feet by 14 feet, with door 9 feet high 
by 8 feet wide, co